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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 555-559, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012572

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects of Phellodendron amurense polysaccharides (PAP) on improving gouty nephropathy (GN) in rats, and to investigate its mechanism primarily by interfering the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)/tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). METHODS Sixty rats were randomly divided into normal group (water), model group (water), allopurinol group (positive control, 20 mg/kg), PAP high-dose, medium-dose and low-dose groups (100, 50, 25 mg/kg, by raw material) after being stratified by body weight, with 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were induced to construct GN model by giving 1 500 mg/kg potassium oxazinate and 100 mg/kg adenine intragastrically for 14 days. After modeling, the rats in each group were given relevant medicine/water intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 28 days. After the last medication, the levels of biochemical parameters related to renal function [uric acid, creatinine (Cr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), xanthine oxidase (XOD)] were detected in rats, and the histopathological changes in the rat kidney were observed. The protein expressions of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1),TNF-α and interleukin-6(IL-6) as well as the phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 protein were determined in renal tissue of rats. RESULTS Compared with the normal group, the model group suffered from the dilatation of renal tubules, structural damage to glomeruli, accompanied by inflammatory infiltration and fibrosis; the contents of uric acid, Cr, BUN and XOD, the protein expressions of MCP-1,TNF-α and IL-6 and the phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 protein were all increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the pathological symptoms of renal tissue in rats had been improved to varying degrees in different dose groups of PAP; the contents of uric acid, Cr, BUN and XOD, protein expressions of MCP-1, TNF-α and IL-6, the phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK and NF-κB p65 protein in PAP high-dose and PAP medium-dose groups were all decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS PAP exhibits an anti-GN effect, the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting the p38 MAPK/NF-κB/TNF-α signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959036

ABSTRACT

Objective With the deepening of population aging, sarcopenia has become an important public health problem affecting the health and quality of life of the elderly population. As the end-product of purine metabolism in human body, uric acid has dual effects of anti-oxidation, pro-oxidation and pro-inflammatory reaction , which affects the occurrence and development of sarcopenia to a certain extent. This paper reviews the research progress of serum uric acid and sarcopenia. Methods PubMed database, Web of Science core collection database, Embase database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database were searched for literatures on the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) level and sarcopenia up to February 7, 2022, and then reviewed. Results A total of 4 epidemiological studies were found on serum uric acid levels and the risk of sarcopenia. Among them, 3 studies found that SUA within a certain level range was a protective factor for sarcopenia, and 1 study suggested that the risk of sarcopenia increased with the increase of SUA levels. There was a gender difference between serum uric acid level and sarcopenia risk. Conclusion At present, the results of studies on the relationship between serum uric acid levels and the risk of sarcopenia are still controversial, which may be caused by the different effects of uric acid in human body. In the future , more extensive and in-depth studies are needed to investigate the relationship between the two.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969938

ABSTRACT

This paper makes an interpretation of the collection Acupuncture: how to improve the evidence base published by BMJ & BMJ Open. Studies show that the quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture is low, and multivariable Meta-regression analysis fails to confirm most factors commonly believed to influence the effect of acupuncture. The methodological challenges in design and conduct of RCT in acupuncture were analyzed, and a consensus on how to design high-quality acupuncture RCT was developed. The number of acupuncture systematic reviews was huge but the evidence was underused in clinical practice and health policy, and a large number of western clinical practice guidelines recommended acupuncture therapy, but the usefulness of recommendations needed to be improved. In view of the problems in clinical research on acupuncture mentioned in this collection, combined with the analysis of the purpose of clinical research on acupuncture, perspectives, study types, as well as the relationship between evidence and clinical decision-making, a five-stage study paradigm of clinical research on acupuncture is proposed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Research Design , Consensus
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of platelet-rich plasma injection therapy combined with muscle strength training on ankle function in patients with traumatic ankle arthritis.Methods:The clinical data of 98 patients with traumatic ankle arthritis admitted to The 906 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were grouped according to different treatment methods. Patients in the control group ( n = 31) received muscle strength training. Patients in the sodium hyaluronate group ( n = 33) received muscle strength training and intraarticular injection of sodium hyaluronate. Patients in the platelet-rich plasma group ( n = 34) received muscle strength training and intraarticular injection of platelet-rich plasma. Ankle function, excellent and good recovery rate, and muscle strength were compared among the three groups before and after treatment. Results:After treatment, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society scores in the control, sodium hyaluronate, and platelet-rich plasma groups were (38.22 ± 3.02) points, (41.55 ± 2.04) points, and (44.22 ± 2.69) points respectively, pain scores were (26.98 ± 4.05) points, (31.22 ± 4.20) points, and (34.44 ± 2.44) points respectively, on-line scores were (6.11 ± 1.41) points, (7.39 ± 1.06) points, and (8.25 ± 1.03) points respectively. There were significant differences in the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society scores, pain scores, and online scores among the three groups ( F = 43.01, 34.30, 27.21, all P < 0.001). In the control, sodium hyaluronate, and platelet-rich plasma groups, dorsiflexor strength was (103.66 ± 10.69) N·m, (129.33 ± 12.37) N·m, (133.69 ± 10.58) N·m, respectively, plantar flexor strength was (121.36 ± 15.69) N·m, (140.23 ± 14.66) N·m, (144.55±13.55) N·m, respectively, ankle function score was (84.22 ± 2.69) points, (88.55 ± 3.01) points, (92.56 ± 3.55) points, respectively. There were significant differences in dorsiflexor strength, plantar flexor strength, and ankle function score among the three groups ( F = 66.37, 22.70, 58.05, all P < 0.001). There was no difference in adverse reactions among the three groups ( Z = 1.05, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Platelet-rich plasma injection therapy combined with muscle strength training is highly effective on traumatic ankle arthritis and can markedly improve ankle function and prognosis.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 212-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989435

ABSTRACT

Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF), a second-generation of platelet concentrate with stereo fibrin structure, leukocyte and platelets, can release various cytokines and growth factors to promote wound healing. PRF has been widely used in the treatment of various acute and chronic wounds in traumatic surgery, plastic surgery and stomatology. Chronic wounds are common in traumatic surgery, but conventional treatment is often ineffective. Accumulating evidences have confirmed that PRF has excellent therapeutic effect on chronic wounds. According to various methods such as different specimen, centrifugation, centrifuge tube material, and freeze-drying, the researchers tried to improve the efficiency of PRF. The progress of platelet-rich fibrin preparation technology and preservation technology are reviewed in this paper.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 309-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994030

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis cystitis is a urogenital system disease caused by Schistosoma aegypt. Common clinical manifestations are frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, and terminal hematuria, but new infections can be asymptomatic. Detection of parasite eggs by urine microscopy is considered to be the gold standard for diagnosis, but the result may be a false negative in the inactive period. The main epidemic of this disease is located in Africa and the Middle East area. However, in china, there are few reports of confirmed cases. This article reports a case of imported schistosomiasis cystitis. The patient is a Sudanese, male, who has been studying in China for more than 2 years, mainly with persistent painless hematuria for more than 6 months. Cystoscopy was proposed to diagnose a bladder mass, and schistosomiasis cystitis was confirmed by pathological diagnosis after surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of viral infections in children with diarrhea in Beijing from 2018 to 2022. Methods: Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect viral nucleic acid of Norovirus (NoV), Sappovirus (SaV), Astrovirus (AstV), Enteric Adenovirus (AdV) or antigen of Rotavirus (RV) in 748 stool samples collected from Beijing Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2018 to December 2021. Subsequently, the reverse transcription PCR or PCR method was used to amplify the target gene of the positive samples after the initial screening, followed by sequencing, genotyping and evolution analysis, so as to obtain the characteristics of these viruses. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0. Results: From 2018 to 2021, the overall detection rate of the above five common viruses was 37.6%(281/748)in children under 5 years old in Beijing. NoV, Enteric AdV and RV were still the top three diarrhea-related viruses, followed by AstV and SaV, accounting for 41.6%, 29.2%, 27.8%, 8.9% and 7.5%, respectively. The detection rate of co-infections with two or three diarrhea-related viruses was 4.7% (35/748). From the perspective of annual distribution, the detection rate of Enteric AdV was the highest in 2021, while NoV was predominant in the other 4 years. From the perspective of genetic characteristics, NoV was predominant by GⅡ.4, and after the first detection of GⅡ.4[P16] in 2020, it occupied the first two gene groups together with GⅡ.4[P31]. Although the predominant RV was G9P[8], the rare epidemic strain G8P[8] was first detected in 2021. The predominant genotypes of Enteric AdV and AstV were Ad41 and HAstV-1. SaV was sporadic spread with a low detection rate. Conclusion: Among the diarrhea-related viruses infected children under 5 years of age in Beijing, the predominant strains of NoV and RV have changed and new sub-genotypes have been detected for the first time, while the predominant strains of AstV and Enteric AdV are relatively stable.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Beijing/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Feces , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Rotavirus/genetics , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Viruses/genetics
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 694-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965803

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the clinical and histopathological composition of orbital tumors and tumor-like lesions.METHODS: Retrospective case-series study. The clinical histopathological data of 699 cases(707 eyes)with orbital tumor and tumor-like lesions who treated in the orbital disease and ophthalmic plastic department of Tianjin Eye Hospital between January 2010 and December 2020 were collected. All the pathology diagnosis results were divided into three categories which were benign tumor, borderline tumor and malignant tumor according to the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the 2018 World Health Organization Classification of tumors of the eye. All cases were divided into four groups according to age, including 0~17 years old, 18~39 years old, 40~59 years old, 60 years and above. The histological composition of each group was analyzed.RESULTS: Among the 699 cases(707 eyes), 311 patients(316 eyes)were male and 388 patients(391 eyes)were female. The patient's age at diagnosis ranged from 1 to 84 years(mean 39.9±2.2)years. The right orbit was involved in 307 patients, the left orbit in 384 patients, and 8 patients in bilateral orbit. There were 598 patients(604 eyes, 85.6%)with benign tumor and tumor-like lesions, 7 patients(7 eyes, 1.0%)with borderline tumor, and 94 patients(96 eyes, 13.4%)with malignant tumors. The top 5 benign tumor and tumor-like lesions were cavernous hemangioma(110 cases, 15.7%), dermoid cysts(96 cases, 13.7%), pleomorphic adenomas(54 cases, 7.7%), inflammatory pseudotumors(38 cases, 5.4%), and schwannomas(29 cases, 4.1%)respectively. The top 5 borderline and malignant tumors were non-Hodgkin lymphomas(42 cases, 41.6%), solitary fibrous tumors(12 cases, 11.9%), adenoid cystic carcinomas(11 cases, 10.9%), metastatic tumor(9 cases, 8.9%), and rhabdomyosarcoma(8 cases, 7.9%), respectively. Among the common orbital benign tumors and tumor-like lesions, cavernous hemangioma and pleomorphic adenoma showed a female predominance. Among the common borderline and malignant tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mesenchymal chondrosarcoma showed a male predominance. The most common benign and malignant tumors were dermoid cysts, rhabdomyosarcomas respectively in group under 18 years old. And dermoid cysts and solitary fibrous tumors were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in patients between 18 and 39 years old. Cavernous hemangioma and non-Hodgkin lymphomas were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in patients between 40 and 59 years old. While cavernous hemangioma and non-Hodgkin lymphomas were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in cases over 60 years old.CONCLUSION: Most orbital tumors and tumor-like lesions are benign. The most common benign orbital tumor is cavernous hemangioma, followed by dermoid cyst. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common malignant orbital tumor.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 838-844, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012241

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the dynamic changes in serum lipid levels and nutritional status during BCMA-CAR-T-cell therapy in patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma (R/R MM) based on LEGEND-2. Methods: The data of patients with R/R MM who underwent BCMA-CAR-T therapy at our hospital between March 30, 2016, and February 6, 2018, were retrospectively collected. Serum lipid levels, controlled nutritional status (CONUT) score, and other clinical indicators at different time points before and after CAR-T-cell infusion were compared and analyzed. The best cut-off value was determined by using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. The patients were divided into high-CONUT score (>6.5 points, malnutrition group) and low-CONUT score groups (≤6.5 points, good nutrition group), comparing the progression-free survival (PFS) and total survival (OS) of the two groups using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: Before the infusion of CAR-T-cells, excluding triglycerides (TG), patients' serum lipid levels were lower than normal on average. At 8-14 d after CAR-T-cell infusion, serum albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1) levels dropped to the minimum, whereas CONUT scores reached the maximum. In addition to TG, apolipoprotein B (Apo B) levels increased compared with baseline. After CAR-T-cell therapy, the patients' serum lipid levels significantly increased with well-improved nutritional status. Spearman's related analysis showed that TC, HDL, and ApoA1 levels after CAR-T-cell injection were significantly negatively correlated with the grade of cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) (r=-0.548, P=0.003; r=-0.444, P=0.020; r=-0.589, P=0.001). Furthermore, survival analysis indicated that the CONUT score was unrelated to PFS, and the median OS of patients with R/R MM in the high-CONUT score group was shorter than that in the low-CONUT score group (P=0.046) . Conclusions: During CAR-T-cell therapy, hypolipidemia and poor nutritional status were aggravated, which is possibly related to CRS. The patients' serum lipid levels and nutritional status were significantly improved after CAR-T-cell treatment. The CONUT score affected the median OS in patients treated with CAR-T-cells. Therefore, specific screening and intervention for nutritional status in patients receiving CAR-T-cell therapy are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Lipids/therapeutic use
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010590

ABSTRACT

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is currently prevalent in populations throughout the world, and 56%‍-94% of the global population is seropositive for CMV. CMV infection mainly affects immunocompromised hosts. In these cases, it can cause significant symptoms, tissue-invasive disease, and many sequelae including death (Dioverti and Razonable, 2016). The vast majority of healthy adults with CMV infection experience an asymptomatic course; when symptomatic, it manifests as a mononucleosis-like syndrome in approximately 10% of patients (Sridhar et al., 2018). The gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system appear to be the most frequent sites of severe CMV infection in immunocompetent individuals (Rafailidis et al., 2008). However, CMV infection is relatively rarely recorded in immunocompetent hosts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Disease Progression
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1216-1224, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare tumors characterized by variable biology and delayed diagnosis. However, the nationwide epidemiology of NENs has never been reported in China. We aimed to estimate the incidence and survival statistics of NENs in China, in comparison to those in the United States during the same period.@*METHODS@#Based on the data from 246 population-based cancer registries covering 272.5 million people of China, we calculated age-specific incidence on NENs in 2017 and multiplied by corresponding national population to estimate the nationwide incidence in China. The data of 22 population-based cancer registries were used to estimate the trends of NENs incidence from 2000 to 2017 through the Joinpoint regression model. We used the cohort approach to analyze the 5-year age-standardized relative survival by sex, age group, and urban-rural area between 2008 and 2013, based on data from 176 high-quality cancer registries. We used data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 18 program to estimate the comparable incidence and survival of NENs in the United States.@*RESULTS@#The overall age-standardized rate (ASR) of NENs incidence was lower in China (1.14 per 100,000) than in the United States (6.26 per 100,000). The most common primary sites were lungs, pancreas, stomach, and rectum in China. The ASRs of NENs incidence increased by 9.8% and 3.6% per year in China and the United States, respectively. The overall 5-year relative survival in China (36.2%) was lower than in the United States (63.9%). The 5-year relative survival was higher for female patients than male patients, and was higher in urban areas than in rural areas.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The disparities in burden of NENs persist across sex, area, age group, and site in China and the United States. These findings may provide a scientific basis on prevention and control of NENs in the two countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , United States/epidemiology , Incidence , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Urban Population , China/epidemiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of duodenal bulbar microbiota in children with duodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection. Methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled 23 children with duodenal ulcers diagnosed by gastroscopy who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and vomiting from January 2018 to August 2018. They were divided into Hp-positive and Hp-negative groups according to the presence or absence of Hp infection. Duodenal bulbar mucosa was sampled to detect the bacterial DNA by high-throughput sequencing. The statistical difference in α diversity and β diversity, and the relative abundance in taxonomic level between the two groups were compared. Microbial functions were predicted using the software PICRUSt. T-test, Rank sum test or χ2 test were used for comparison between the two groups. Results: A total of 23 children diagnosed with duodenal ulcer were enrolled in this study, including 15 cases with Hp infection ((11.2±3.3) years of age, 11 males and 4 females) and 8 cases without Hp infection ((10.1±4.4) years of age, 6 males and 2 females). Compared with Hp-negative group, the Hp-positive group had higher Helicobacter abundance (0.551% (0.258%, 5.368%) vs. 0.143% (0.039%, 0.762%), Z=2.00, P=0.045) and lower abundance of Fusobacterium, Streptococcus and unclassified- Comamonadaceae (0.010% (0.001%, 0.031%) vs. 0.049% (0.011%, 0.310%), Z=-2.24, P=0.025; 0.031% (0.015%, 0.092%) vs. 0.118% (0.046%, 0.410%), Z=-2.10, P=0.036; 0.046% (0.036%, 0.062%) vs. 0.110% (0.045%, 0.176%), Z=-2.01, P=0.045). Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect sized showed that at the genus level, only Helicobacter was significantly enriched in Hp-positive group (LDA=4.89, P=0.045), while Streptococcus and Fusobacterium significantly enriched in Hp-negative group (LDA=3.28, 3.11;P=0.036,0.025, respectively). PICRUSt microbial function prediction showed that the expression of oxidative phosphorylation and disease-related pathways (pathways in cancer, renal cell carcinoma, amoebiasis, type 1 diabetes mellitus) in Hp-positive group were significantly higher than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05), while the expression of pathways such as energy metabolism and phosphotransferase system pathways were significantly lower than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In children with Hp-infected duodenal ulcers, the mucosal microbiota of the duodenal bulb is altered, characterized by an increased abundance of Helicobacter and a decreased abundance of Clostridium and Streptococcus, and possibly alters the biological function of the commensal microbiota through specific metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Prospective Studies , Microbiota
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare customized porous silicone orbital implants using embedded 3D printing and assess the effect of surface modification on the properties of the implants.@*METHODS@#The transparency, fluidity and rheological properties of the supporting media were tested to determine the optimal printing parameters of silicone. The morphological changes of silicone after modification were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, and the hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of silicone surface were evaluated by measuring the water contact angle. The compression modulus of porous silicone was measured using compression test. Porcine aortic endothelial cells (PAOECs) were co-cultured with porous silicone scaffolds for 1, 3 and 5 days to test the biocompatibility of silicone. The local inflammatory response to subcutaneous porous silicone implants was evaluated in rats.@*RESULTS@#The optimal printing parameters of silicone orbital implants were determined as the following: supporting medium 4% (mass ratio), printing pressure 1.0 bar and printing speed 6 mm/s. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the silicone surface was successfully modified with polydopamine and collagen, which significantly improved hydrophilicity of the silicone surface (P < 0.05) without causing significant changes in the compression modulus (P > 0.05). The modified porous silicone scaffold had no obvious cytotoxicity and obviously promoted adhesion and proliferation of PAOECs (P < 0.05). In rats bearing the subcutaneous implants, no obvious inflammation was observed in the local tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Poprous silicone orbital implants with uniform pores can be prepared using embedded 3D printing technology, and surface modification obviously improves hydrophilicity and biocompatibility of the silicone implants for potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Swine , Silicon , Orbital Implants , Endothelial Cells , Porosity , Silicones , Printing, Three-Dimensional
14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 692-697, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986196

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the occurrence of recompensation conditions in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis after entecavir antiviral therapy. Methods: Patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis with ascites as the initial manifestation were prospectively enrolled. Patients who received entecavir treatment for 120 weeks and were followed up every 24 weeks (including clinical endpoint events, hematological and imaging indicators, and others) were calculated for recompensation rates according to the Baveno VII criteria. Measurement data were compared using the Student t-test or Mann-Whitney U test between groups. Categorical data were compared by the χ (2) test or Fisher's exact probability method between groups. Results: 283 of the 320 enrolled cases completed the 120-week follow-up, and 92.2% (261/283) achieved a virological response (HBV DNA 20 IU/ml). Child-Pugh and MELD scores were significantly improved after treatment (8.33 ± 1.90 vs. 5.77 ± 1.37, t = 12.70, P < 0.001; 13.37 ± 4.44 vs. 10.45 ± 4.58, t = 5.963, P < 0.001). During the 120-week follow-up period, 14 cases died, two received liver transplants, 19 developed hepatocellular cancer, 11 developed gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, and four developed hepatic encephalopathy. 60.4% (171/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months) and 56.2% (159/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months and improved liver function) of the patients had achieved clinical recompensation within 120 weeks. Patients with baseline MELD scores > 15 after active antiviral therapy achieved higher recompensation than patients with baseline MELD scores ≤15 [50/74 (67.6%) vs. 109/209 (52.2%), χ (2) = 5.275, P = 0.029]. Conclusion: Antiviral therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis. The majority of patients (56.2%) had achieved recompensation. Patients with severe disease did not have a lower probability of recompensation at baseline than other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hepatitis B/drug therapy
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 466-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986154

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis type E virus (HEV) infection is a common cause of acute viral hepatitis in China, and its etiological diagnosis relies on laboratory detection. Therefore, this article introduces the HEV RNA, HEV antigen, anti-HEV IgM, and IgG detection methods and their diagnostic application value. In addition, it also discusses the current international diagnostic standard and HEV infection presentation.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Viral , Hepatitis Antibodies , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Hepatitis E virus , Immunoglobulin M , Hepatitis
16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 603-608, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986122

ABSTRACT

Oligonucleotide drugs have the characteristics of targeting, modifiability and high biosafety. Recent studies have shown that oligonucleotide can be used to make biosensors, vaccine adjuvants, and has the functions of inhibiting alveolar bone resorption, promoting jaw and alveolar bone regeneration, anti-tumor, destroying plaque biofilm, and precise control of drug release. Therefore, it has a broad application prospect in the field of stomatology. This article reviews the classification, action mechanism and research status of oligonucleotide in stomatology. The aim is to provide ideas for further research and application of oligonucleotide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Biofilms , Bone Regeneration , Oligonucleotides , Oral Medicine
17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 605-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986117

ABSTRACT

Oligonucleotide drugs have the characteristics of targeting, modifiability and high biosafety. Recent studies have shown that oligonucleotide can be used to make biosensors, vaccine adjuvants, and has the functions of inhibiting alveolar bone resorption, promoting jaw and alveolar bone regeneration, anti-tumor, destroying plaque biofilm, and precise control of drug release. Therefore, it has a broad application prospect in the field of stomatology. This article reviews the classification, action mechanism and research status of oligonucleotide in stomatology. The aim is to provide ideas for further research and application of oligonucleotide.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical application of endoscopic esophageal dilation in the treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 15 children with corrosive esophageal strictures who underwent endoscopic esophageal dilation in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, treatment modality of endoscopic esophageal dilation, number of dilations, complications, and prognosis were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 96 esophageal dilations were performed in the 15 children with corrosive esophageal strictures, with a median of 6 dilations per child. Among them, 9 children (60%) underwent 6 or more dilations. The children with a stricture length of >3 cm had a significantly higher number of dilations than those with a stricture length of ≤3 cm (P<0.05). The children with strictures in a single segment had a significantly better treatment outcome than those with strictures in multiple segments (P=0.005). No complication was observed during all sessions of dilation. The overall effective rate (including significant improvement and improvement) of endoscopic esophageal dilation treatment was 87%, with 2 cases of failure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Endoscopic esophageal dilation is an effective and relatively safe treatment method for corrosive esophageal strictures in children, and children with strictures in a single segment tend to have a better treatment outcome than those with strictures in multiple segments.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Dilatation/methods , Caustics , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935137

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the safety and efficacy of combined left atrial appendage (LAA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in adult atrial fibrillation (AF) patients complicating with PFO. Methods: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Seven patients with AF complicated with PFO diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Zhoupu Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected. Basic data such as age, gender and medical history were collected. The atrial septal defect or PFO occluder and LAA occluder were selected according to the size of PFO, the ostia width and depth of LAA. Four patients underwent left atrial appendage closure(LAAC) and PFO closure at the same time. PFO closure was performed during a one-stop procedure of cryoablation combined with LAAC in 2 patients. One patient underwent PFO closure at 10 weeks after one-stop procedure because of recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients continued to take oral anticoagulants. TEE was repeated 8-12 weeks after intervention. In case of device related thrombus(DRT), TEE shall be rechecked 6 months after adjusting anticoagulant and antiplatelet drug treatment. Patients were follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months by telephone call, and the occurrence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was recorded. Results: Among the 7 patients with AF, 2 were male, aged (68.0±9.4) years, and 3 had a history of recurrent cerebral infarction and TIA. Average PFO diameter was (3.5±0.8)mm. Three patients were implanted with Watchman LAA occluder (30, 30, 33 mm) and atrial septal defect occluder (8, 9, 16 mm). 2 patients were implanted with LAmbre LAA occluder (34/38, 18/32 mm) and PFO occluder (PF1825, PF2525). 2 patients were implanted with LACbes LAA occluder (24, 28 mm) and PFO occluder (PF2525, PF1825) respectively. The patients were followed up for 12 (11, 24) months after operation. TEE reexamination showed that the position of LAA occluder and atrial septal defect occluder or PFO occluder was normal in all patients. DRT was detected in 1 patient, and anticoagulant therapy was adjusted in this patient. 6 months later, TEE showed that DRT disappeared. No cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred in all patients with AF during follow-up. Conclusions: In AF patients complicated with PFO, LAAC combined with PFO closure may have good safety and effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934894

ABSTRACT

@#Objective  To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transapical mitral valve repair with moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation (MR) by using LifeClip system. Methods  We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 7 symptomatic patients with moderate-to-severe or severe MR who received transapical mitral valve repair by using the LifeClip system in our hospital from July to November 2021. There were 5 males and 2 females with an average age of 76.0±7.5 years. Results  There were 2 patients with degenerative MR and 5 patients with functional MR. All of the procedures were successful and 6 patients received 1 LifeClip while the other one patient received 2. The operation time was 135.7±46.9 min, the mechanical ventilation time was 12 (3, 14) h, and the hospital stay time was 18.1±4.1 d. No serious complications or death occurred during the perioperative or follow-up period. MR reduction by ≥ grades was achieved in all the patients at the one-month follow-up. The classification of cardiac function was improved in varying degrees. Conclusion  Transapical mitral valve repair using the LifeClip system shows good safety and efficacy for severe MR patients, and MR degree is significantly improved at early follow-up. However, the benefit of LifeClip should be validated in a larger sample size of Chinese population and through long-term follow-up.

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