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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970678

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the effect of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes (MSCs-Exo) on staurosporine (STS)-induced chondrocyte apoptosis before and after exposure to pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) at different frequencies. The AMSCs were extracted from the epididymal fat of healthy rats before and after exposure to the PEMF at 1 mT amplitude and a frequency of 15, 45, and 75 Hz, respectively, in an incubator. MSCs-Exo was extracted and identified. Exosomes were labeled with DiO fluorescent dye, and then co-cultured with STS-induced chondrocytes for 24 h. Cellular uptake of MSC-Exo, apoptosis, and the protein and mRNA expression of aggrecan, caspase-3 and collagenⅡA in chondrocytes were observed. The study demonstrated that the exposure of 75 Hz PEMF was superior to 15 and 45 Hz PEMF in enhancing the effect of exosomes in alleviating chondrocyte apoptosis and promoting cell matrix synthesis. This study lays a foundation for the regulatory mechanism of PEMF stimulation on MSCs-Exo in inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis, and opens up a new direction for the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Chondrocytes , Electromagnetic Fields , Exosomes/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 673-680, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956491

ABSTRACT

Lateral epicondylitis is a common clinical disease with characteristics of lateral elbow pain, insidious onset and easy recurrence, which can cause forearm pain and decreased wrist strength, seriously affecting patients′ daily life and work. Although there are various treatment methods for lateral epicondylitis with different effects, standard treatments are still lacking nowadays. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has good effects on bone and tendon repair, and is now widely used in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. However, there is a lack of a unified understanding of the technology and specifications of PRP in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Therefore, the Sports Medicine Branch of the Chinese Medical Association and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Branch of the Chinese Medical Association organized experts in the fields of sports medicine and rehabilitation medicine in China to formulate the "clinical expert consensus on platelet-rich plasma treatment for lateral epicondylitis (2022 version)", and proposed suggestions based on evidence-based medicine mainly from the concept, epidemiology and pathophysiology of lateral epicondylitis, symptoms, signs and imaging manifestations of lateral epicondylitis, PRP concept and application component requirements, quality control of PRP preparation technology, indications and contraindications of PRP in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, PRP injection in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, application of PRP in the operation of lateral epicondylitis, related problems after PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, evaluation of the results after PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, and health and economic evaluation of PRP treatment of lateral epicondylitis, so as to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756187

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of using virtual reality ( VR) to improve the upper limb function of hemiplegic persons. Methods A search was conducted in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EM-BASE, CNKI and Wanfang Data as well as VIP for reports of randomized and controlled studies of using VR in train-ing upper limb function after stroke. A meta-analysis was then performed using version 5. 3 of the Review Manager software. Results Ninety studies involving 879 patients were found and analyzed. The data showed that VR was sig-nificantly more effective than conventional training in improving Fugl-Meyer assessment scores. It was not superior, however, in improving average Functional Independence Measure scores or performance in the box and blocks test. Conclusion VR is superior to conventional training in promoting the recovery of upper limb function after a stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487702

ABSTRACT

For fine management of the clinical practice teaching in the rehabilitation therapy, a set of Rehabilitation Therapy Clinical Practice Examination was developed. It was used to assess the skill of rehabilitation evaluation, rehabilitation therapy and related knowledge of every internships, to avoid the arbitrary result of the practice examination, and has been well accepted in practice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Whole body vibration training, a recently developed method of neuromuscular training, is a useful method to improve muscle strength and postural control in the elderly. Recently, researchers attempt to explore whether whole body vibration training can reduce motor dysfunction for stroke patients. OBJECTIVE:To summarize clinical progress in whole body vibration treatment on stroke patients with limb motor dysfunction, including muscle strength of the affected limbs, muscle tension, balance and gait. METHODPubMed, EBSCO, Medline database were searched for articles relate to whole body vibration training intervention for stroke patients with motor dysfunction published from January 2002 to June 2014. Final y, 34 articles were included in result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Whole body vibration training is feasible and safe for stroke patients has the feasibility and safety. For therapeutic efficacy, we focus on the muscle strength, muscle tone, balance, posture control ability, but there is no sufficient evidence to support that the whole body vibration training can improve the motor dysfunction. There is also no recognized standard on specific intervention protocols, such as vibration type, treatment frequency, treatment amplitude, treatment time. Many researchers aim to observe the clinical curative effect at present, but rarely explore the intervention mechanism of the whole body vibration. Further large-sample, multi-center randomized control ed experiments are required to test the validity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341666

ABSTRACT

From among the patients who visited the Dept. of Rehabilitation of West China Hospital for arthalgia in the period from Aug. 2003 to Dec. 2005, we recruited 566 male patients who were over 40 years of age and did not have hyperostosis in the lumbar spine, and whose T scores were each less than--1. Their ages ranged from 40 to 93 years, and the average age was 62.93 +/- 13.50. The dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry from DMS Company in France was used to measure the bone density of the L2-4 anterior-posterior. The basic data about the subjects, containing the age, height, weight, diabetes mellitus, exercise and smoking or not, were recorded. Then the body mass index were calculated. In accordance to the T score, the subjects were separated into two groups: osteopenia group and osteoporosis group. In comparison of the basic data between groups, BMI of osteoporosis group was significantly higher than that of the osteopenia group, but the number of the subjects who exercised was smaller (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that in the case BMI increased by 1 kg/m2, BMD significantly decreased by 0.003 g/cm2 (P = 0.002), and the age negatively correlated with BMD (B = -0.001, P = 0.035). "Exercise or not" was positively related to BMD (B = 0.028, P = 0.000). "Smoking or not" and BMD were not significantly correlated (P = 0.837). In conclusion, increase of BMI, or we may say, increase of fat, would decrease the lumbar spine average BMD in the patients of osteoporosis or osteopenia. Some reports have pointed out that only by increasing BMI with increased amount of muscles, but not with increased amount of fat, would be beneficial to the prevention of osteoporosis. So we concluded that the muscle amount in the subjects should be taken into account when we probe into the relation between BMI and BMD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Metabolism , Lumbar Vertebrae , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341628

ABSTRACT

There were 482 male patients with non-hyperostosis diagnosed by X-ray among 1207 males who visited West China Hospital because of pain and/or numbness in bone or/and in joints from August 2003 to December 2005; the base-line information in records included age, stature, body weight(calculated BMD, symptoms, co-morbidities, exercise frequency, and smoking. The bone mineral density of lumbar spine was determined and used to judge osteoporosis or non-osteoporosis. Comparison was made on the basic information between osteoporosis group and non-osteoporosis group by t test or chi2 test statistical analysis; the relationship of multiple factors with osteoporosis was analyzed by Logistic Regression. The results of comparison between osteoporosis group and non-osteoporosis group indicated, there were significant differences among BMI, exercise and smoking, but no significant differences were seen among age, complications of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. According to the results of multiple regression analysis, BMI and smoking are the risk factors of osteoporosis, yet exercise is the protection factors of osteoporosis; the risk of osteoporosis increases by 0.654 times in men with BMI scaling up by 1 kg/m2 (P = 0.004). Therefore, we conclude that BMI is a risk factor of osteoporosis in male, and it may be related to body fat distribution.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Exercise , Osteoporosis , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoking
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230824

ABSTRACT

Previous case-control studies have shown various degrees of inverse correlation between osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between osteophytes at the cervical , lumbar vertebrae and knee, and the bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine. We analyzed the data on 4091 female patients (aged 13 to 92 years). Osteophyte was defined by X ray examination. BMD of the lumbar spine (LS) was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (Lunar DPX). The association of osteophytes with BMD and osteophytes at different sites and different degrees were assessed by covariance analysis. Adjustments were made for age and body mass index. The relationship between osteophytes and BMD was analyzed by Binary Logistic Regression. BMD at each site was greater in the female with osteophytes (L4 BMD: P < 0.01, Mean BMD: P < 0.05); the relationship between osteophytes and osteoporosis and that between duration of osteophytes and osteoporosis were inversely correlated (P < 0.01). It confirms the existence of an inverse relationship between osteophytes and OP while a positive relationship is between age, body mass index and osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Lumbar Vertebrae , Metabolism , Pathology , Osteophyte , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgery is a main method to reconstruct the stability of spine after compression fracture. But the reconstruction of spinal stability for patients undergoing conventional therapy remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To explore whether spinal stability training is effective on improving pain and motor function of patients with vertebral osteoporotic fractures.METHODS: Patients with vertebral osteoporotic fractures were divided into two groups. The study group was treated with conventional treatments and individualized spinal stabilization training, while the control group received conventional treatments alone. All the subjects were evaluated before and after treatment by numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), 3-meter timed up and go (TUG) and Oswestry functional limitation index (OFLI). The results were compared between the two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 27 patients were included, including 16 patients in the study group and 11 in the control group. After 4-week treatment, TUG and OFLI in the study group decreased significantly compared with the control group (P < 0.05). But there was no statistical significance between the two groups in the level of NPRS and the amount of changes (P > 0.05). Symptoms and function of both groups were improved after treatments. Individualized spinal stability training is effective to restore the motor function and may be helpful for reducing pain for patients with vertebral osteoporotic fractures combined with conventional treatments.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382761

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) of different intensities on the biomechanical properties of the femur in ovariectomized rats so as to determine the intensity for the best therapeutic efficacy. Methods Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into (1) a sham-operated control group (no PEMF treatment) , (2) ovariectomized control group (no PEMF treatment) (3) ovariectomized group Ⅰ (PEMF treatment at 8 Hz and 0.77 mT intensity, 40 min daily for 30 days) (4) ovariectomized group Ⅱ (PEMF treatment at 8 Hz and 3.82 mT intensity, 40 min daily for 30 days) and (5) ovariectomized group Ⅲ( PEMF treatment at 8 Hz and 9.87 mT intensity, 40 min daily for 30 days). Except for the 10 rats of the sham-operated control group, all the others received a standard ovariectomy. Serum estradiol (E2) and the biomechanical properties of one femur (peak load, maximum displacement, maximum energy absorption, maximum stress, maximum strain and modulus of elasticity) were assessed after 30 days of PEMF treatment. Results In group Ⅱ the biomechanical properties of the femur were significantly better than in group Ⅰ or the ovariectomized control group. In groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ the biomechanical properties of the femur were not significantly better than in the sham-operated group. In group Ⅱ the biomechanical properties of the femur were significantly better than in groups Ⅰ or Ⅲ. Conclusion PEMFs at 3.82 mT can improve the biomechanical properties of the femur significantly.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294555

ABSTRACT

For the purpose of identifying the effect of body mass index on bone mineral density, an investigation was made in regard to the relationship between body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) of lumbar vertebrals of men without osteoporosis. 838 male patients were diagnosed and treated in West China Hospital of Sichuan University because of ostealgia and arthralgia from Aug. 2003 to Dec. 2005. They were examined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, their L2-L4 bone mineral density being < -2.5SD. Then they were graded by body mass index (Kg/m2) [1st group BMI > or =23, 454 cases (Group A BMI > or = 29, 46 cases; Group B 25 < or = BMI < 28.9, 201 cases; Group C 23 < or = BMI < 24, 9193 cases); 2nd group 18.5 < BMI < 22.9, 311 cases; 3rd group BMI < or = 18.5, 68 cases]. The relationships between BMI and BMD of lumbar spine were analyzed using SPSS 13.0. The results revealed their positions in series: (1) Among Groups 1-3, BMD, average BMD and aBMC of L2-L4 being 3rd group > 2nd group > 1st group, the differencs are statistically significant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); BMC, aBMC of L3 and L4 and aBMC of L2 being 3rd group > 2nd group > 2nd group, the differences are significant (P < 0.01); besides BMC of L2 and T-score,the differencs among three groups are not statistically significant (P > 0.05); (2) Among the 1st group, BMD and average BMD of L2-L4 being Group C > Group B > Group A,the differencs are significant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); BMC, aBMC of L and I being Group C > Group B > Group A,the differences among the three groups are significant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); BMC, aBMC of L3 and L4 and aBMC of L2 being Group C > Group B > Group A, the differences are significant, besides BMC of L2 and T-score,the differences among three groups are not significant (P > 0.05), (3) BMI correlated negatively (P < 0.01, r = -0.189) to the average BMD of lumbar spine. The average BMD of lumbar spine decreases when BMI increases in males without osteoporosis. When obesity is more obvious, the decrease in average BMD of lumbar spine bone is more evidently decreased. The decrease of BMD, BMC and total BMC in L3 and L may be greater than that in L2.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorptiometry, Photon , Arthralgia , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Body Composition , Physiology , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Lumbar Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Osteoporosis
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