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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of baicalein on the expression of glutamate receptor related protein in PC12 cells injured by Aβ 25-35. Methods:PC12 cells were divided into control group, model group, estradiol group and baicalein group with different concentrations. The survival condition of PC12 cells in each group were detected by thiazole blue (MTT). PC12 cells were divided into control group, model group, estradiol group and baicalein group. The control group and model group were cultured with DMEM medium, and the estradiol group was added with 1×10 -3 μmol/L estradiol DMEM medium, baicalein group was added with 1 μmol/L baicalein DMEM medium. After 2 hours of intervention, 20 μmol/L Aβ 25-35 was added to the model group, estradiol group and baicalein group with induced PC12 cell injury. After 22 hours of intervention, flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of PC12 cells. The expression of estrogen receptor β (ER β), phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK/JNK) and ionic receptor N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1), glutamate receptor 2 (GluR2) and calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase Ⅱ (CaMK Ⅱ) were detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with model group, 1 μmol/L baicalein significantly increased the proliferation rate [(95.80±2.47)% vs. (64.34±3.84)%]. The apoptosis rate of PC12 cells[(7.83±0.67)% vs. (12.84±0.91)%] was significantly decreased in baicalein group ( P<0.01). The expression of NMDAR1 (0.582±0.012 vs. 0.352±0.012), GluR2(0.538±0.017 vs. 0.355±0.006), ER β (0.362±0.015 vs. 0.262±0.018) in baicalein group were significantly increased ( P<0.01), the expression of p-JNK/JNK (0.476±0.013 vs. 0.752±0.014) and CaMK Ⅱ(0.499±0.019 vs. 0.670±0.016) in baicalein group were significantly decreased ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Baicalein has a protective effect on PC12 cells injured by Aβ 25-35. Its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of p-JNK/JNK activity by activating ERβ and regulating the expression of glutamate receptor related protein.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789169

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anti-rheumatoid arthritis mechanism of Ermiao powder by high-throughput urine metabolomics.Methods The rats were randomly divided into control group,model group and administration group with 8 rats in each group.The rat model of rheumatoid arthritis was established by intradermal injection of complete Freund's adjuvant.Rats in control group were given Ermiao power solution 0.108 g/ml by gavage.The degree of joint swelling in rats was observed and scored.On this basis,metabolic data of rat urine samples were collected for metabolomic analysis.Unsupervised and supervised pattern recognition technology was used to analyze the high-throughput biological information data and reduce the dimension.Metabolic information related to rheumatoid arthritis was screened and focused to clarify the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and the therapeutic mechanism of Ermiao power.Results Compared with the model group,the swelling degree of the foot (1.93 ± 0.11 vs.2.36 ± 0.19) in Ermiao power group significantly decreased (P<0.01).Metabolic profiles showed that the metabolic distribution of healthy rats was significantly separated from that of model rats,and the treatment group was in the middle of the two groups.From the macro-metabolic point of view,the metabolism of model rats changed dramatically.The Ermiao power had a good intervention effect on rheumatoid arthritis.Thirteen biomarkers related to rheumatoid arthritis were identified by database matching,including linolenic acid,arachidonic acid,5,6-EET,alpha-lactose,sucrose,trehalose,prostaglandins and leukotriene C4.It involved linoleic acid metabolism,arachidonic acid metabolism,starch and galactose metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism.Conclusions The Ermiao power has significant therapeutic effect on rheumatoid arthritis rats.Regulation of the linoleic acid metabolism,arachidonic acid metabolism,starch and galactose metabolism may be the mechanism of its treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798188

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the mechanism of Shengxian decoction in the treatment of heart failure by using metabolomic technology.@*Methods@#Rats were randomly divided into the control group, model group and administration group according to body weight, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in model group and administration group were induced by intraperitoneal injection of adriamycin to duplicate rat heart failure model. The rats in the treatment group were given Shengxian decoction 3.83 g/kg, while those in the control group and model group were given distilled water of equal volume once a day for 4 weeks. The levels of CK, AST, LDH and MDA in serum of rats were detected by ultraviolet spectrophotometer, and the metabolite profiles were collected by high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. The data were analyzed by principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis. Metabolic pathways were obtained by pathway enrichment analysis, focusing on key metabolic enzymes and metabolic pathways.@*Results@#Compared with the model group, the serum CK (1 015.44 ± 201.49 U/L vs. 1 301.89 ± 311.54 U/L), AST (210.59 ± 80.34 U/L vs. 421.56 ± 120.32 U/L), LDH (1 211.64 ± 416.61 U/L vs. 601.58 ± 311.74 U/L) in the administration group significantly decreased (P<0.05), and MDA (209.21 ± 151.15 nmol/ml vs. 1 251.15 ± 110.64 nmol/ml) levels significantly increased (P<0.05). The metabolic distribution of rats in the control group was significantly separated from that in the model group, and the administration group was between the two groups. After dimension reduction, blood biomarkers were obtained by partial least squares discriminant analysis, including citric acid, succinic acid, malic acid, arachidonic acid, canine uric acid, serine, sphingosine, Cer (d18:0/14:0), SM (d18:1/22:0), SM [d18:0/18:1 (11Z)], SM (d18:0/16:1). Metabo Analyst 4.0 analysis showed abnormal metabolism in heart failure rats, which mainly involved arachidonic acid metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, citric acid metabolism and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis.@*Conclusions@#The Shengxian decoction has a good therapeutic effect on heart failure rats. Regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, citric acid metabolism and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis may be the key mechanisms for its treatment of heart failure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751814

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of Shengxian decoction in the treatment of heart failure by using metabolomic technology. Methods Rats were randomly divided into the control group, model group and administration group according to body weight, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in model group and administration group were induced by intraperitoneal injection of adriamycin to duplicate rat heart failure model. The rats in the treatment group were given Shengxian decoction 3.83 g/kg, while those in the control group and model group were given distilled water of equal volume once a day for 4 weeks. The levels of CK, AST, LDH and MDA in serum of rats were detected by ultraviolet spectrophotometer, and the metabolite profiles were collected by high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. The data were analyzed by principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis. Metabolic pathways were obtained by pathway enrichment analysis, focusing on key metabolic enzymes and metabolic pathways. Results Compared with the model group, the serum CK (1 015.44 ± 201.49 U/L vs. 1 301.89 ± 311.54 U/L), AST (210.59 ± 80.34 U/L vs. 421.56 ± 120.32 U/L), LDH (1 211.64 ± 416.61 U/L vs. 601.58 ± 311.74 U/L) in the administration group significantly decreased (P<0.05), and MDA (209.21 ± 151.15 nmol/ml vs. 1 251.15 ± 110.64 nmol/ml) levels significantly increased (P<0.05). The metabolic distribution of rats in the control group was significantly separated from that in the model group, and the administration group was between the two groups. After dimension reduction, blood biomarkers were obtained by partial least squares discriminant analysis, including citric acid, succinic acid, malic acid, arachidonic acid, canine uric acid, serine, sphingosine, Cer (d18:0/14:0), SM (d18:1/22:0), SM [d18:0/18:1 (11Z)], SM (d18:0/16:1). Metabo Analyst 4.0 analysis showed abnormal metabolism in heart failure rats, which mainly involved arachidonic acid metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, citric acid metabolism and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis. Conclusions The Shengxian decoction has a good therapeutic effect on heart failure rats. Regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, citric acid metabolism and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis may be the key mechanisms for its treatment of heart failure.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508199

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG) on gene regulation role of ESF-1 cells in collagen secretion, to reveal PDG repair mechanisms on scalded skin.Methods The cells cultured in vitro were divided into the control group, the estradiol group and the three different PDG doses groups. The concentration of the high, medium and low dose groups were 100, 10, 1μmol/L, and that of estradiol group were 10-3μmol/L. The activity of proliferation was detected by MTT. Then collagen type I (Col I), collagen typeⅢ (ColⅢ), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) expression levels of mRNA after administration of cells were detected by RT-PCR.Results Compared with the control group, the proliferation of ESF-1 cells (0.559 ± 0.027, 0.552 ± 0.034vs. 0.489 ± 0.027,P<0.05) in the estradiol and medium-dose PDG was significantly higher. The expression level of mRNA of ColⅠ(0.958 ± 0.021, 0.929 ± 0.031, 0.916 ± 0.015vs. 0.844 ± 0.022), ColⅢ (0.783 ± 0.038, 0.918 ± 0.021, 0.855 ± 0.017vs. 0.678 ± 0.024), TIMP-1 (0.939 ± 0.025, 0.889 ± 0.036, 0.853 ±  0.015 vs. 0.780 ± 0.023), TIMP-2 (0.507 ± 0.024, 0.655 ± 0.037, 0.572 ± 0.025vs. 0.405 ± 0.062) in the estradiol, low-, medium-dose PDG groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Besides, the MMP-1 (0.343 ± 0.038, 0.407 ± 0.046, 0.435 ± 0.037vs.0.519 ± 0.041) mRNA expression level in the middle and low dose PDG groups significantly decrease (P<0.05 orP<0.01). Conclusions The PDG could enhance the activity of ESF-1 cell proliferation, increase the expression of related collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases and inhibit that of matrix metalloproteinases to repair scalded skin.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486548

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism and regulative function of betulin on anti-aging genes related of normol human dermal fibroblasts (ESF-1), and to reveal the repairing mechanism of betulin on wrinkles. Methods The cultured cell in vitro were divided into the control group, the estradiol group and the betulin high, medium and low dose groups. Competence of ESF-1 cells was detected by MTT. Expression of mRNA of collagen type I and Ⅲ (ColⅠand Col Ⅲ), tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 2 (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) was detected by RT-PCR. Results Compared with the control group, the proliferation of ESF-1 cells (0.455 ± 0.037, 0.445 ± 0.040 vs. 0.385 ± 0.601) in the estradiol group and the medial-dose betulin group were increased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of mRNA of ColⅠ (0.960 ± 0.012, 0.929 ± 0.015 vs. 0.842 ± 0.014), Col Ⅲ (0.892 ± 0.009, 0.824 ± 0.022 vs. 0.768 ± 0.025), TIMP-1 (0.938 ± 0.026, 0.878 ± 0.035 vs. 0.796 ± 0.022), TIMP-2 (0.557 ± 0.025, 0.506 ± 0.036 vs. 0.436 ± 0.063) in the estradiol group and the medial-dose betulin group were increased (all P<0.01). Conclusion Betulin based on increasing the competence of ESF-1 cells, promoting collagen synthesis and the expression level of related-proteinase is to suspend the development of wrinkles.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of genistein on the mRNA expressions of collagen (Col), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP ) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) in human embryonic skin fibroblasts (CCC-ESF-1).MethodsThe cultured CCC-ESF-1cells were divided into a black control group, an estradiol group and genistein groups of different doses. The mRNA expressions of ColⅠ, ColⅢ , MMP-1, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were detected by RT-PCR.Results Compared with the black group, estradiol and medium dose of genistein (0.451 ± 0.037, 0.446 ± 0.047vs.0.385 ± 0.061, allP<0.05) could promote the proliferation of the CCC-ESF-1 cells, estradiol and medium dose of genistein could up-regulate the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ (0.960 ± 0.012, 0.929 ± 0.015vs.0.812 ± 0.014, allP<0.01), ColⅢ (0.892 ± 0.009, 0.824 ± 0.022vs.0.768 ± 0.025, allP<0.01), TIMP-1 (0.841 ± 0.023, 0.838 ± 0.053vs.0.751 ± 0.027, allP<0.01) and TIMP-2 (0.456 ± 0.017, 0.448 ± 0.036vs.0.381 ± 0.029, allP<0.01), and down-regulate MMP-1 mRNAexpression (0.398 ± 0.043, 0.402 ± 0.044vs.0.525 ± 0.006, allP<0.01).Conclusions Genistein could promote the proliferation of the CCC-ESF-1 cells, and that may be related with up-regulating the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ, ColⅢ , MMP-1, TIMP-1and down-regulating MMP-1 mRNA expression.

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