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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 286-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cause of the allograft IgA nephropathy (IgAN) recurrence or de novo, and the risk factors for the graft-survival in allograft IgAN. Methods:Patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College who were diagnosed as a transplanted kidney IgAN by allo-renal biopsy during November 2012 to December 2018 were selected. According to the increased levels of serum creatinine and the descent rate of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on the last follow up, the patients were divided into the graft-function stable group (increased Scr<20 μmol/L, eGFR descent rate<10%), the graft-function inadequacy progressive group (Scr increased but less than doubling increase, 30%<eGFR descent rate<60%) and the graft-function lost group [double increase in serum creatinine and eGFR down to<15 ml·min -1· (1.73 m 2) -1 to chronic kidney disease stage V]. The clinical data and pathological characteristics were retrospectively analyzed and compared in the three groups. Taking the eGFR drop to<15 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1 to chronic kidney disease stage V as the end point event of follow-up, the effects of tacrolimus (FK506) concentration, the quantity of proteinuria and pathological changes of graft-renal on the survival rate of graft-renal were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Results:At the time of allograft biopsy, the urine protein/creatinine ratio (UP/Cr) was (2.00±2.38) g/g in the 38 cases, and the serum creatine increased in 17 cases (44.7%). Meanwhile, the blood concentration of FK506 was< 4 μg/L in 16 of 29 (55.2%) cases who taken FK506. With (23.2±22.2) months follow-up after renal biopsy, 11 cases (28.9%) progressed in renal insufficiency (graft-function inadequacy progressive group), and 7 cases (18.4%) lost their graft-function (graft-function lost group). The UP/Cr on the biopsy was significantly higher in graft-function lost group than that in graft-function stable group ( P=0.001), and the blood concentration of tacrolimus before biopsy was significantly lower in graft-function lost group than that in graft-function stable group [(3.05±0.71) μg/L vs (5.03±1.62) μg/L, P<0.010]. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed the kidney graft survival rate was significantly lower in the groups with a lower concentration of tacrolimus before the biopsy, with a large amount of proteinuria at the time of biopsy than that in the concentration of tacrolimus≥4.0 μg/L, and UP/Cr<2.3 g/g groups ( P=0.020, P=0.001, respectively), and with a infiltrated inflammatory cells in renal glomerular capillary loops and a co-deposition of C1q in mesangial region groups than that no infiltrated inflammatory cells in renal glomerular capillary loops and no co-deposition of C1q in mesangial region groups ( P=0.042, P=0.015, respectively). Conclusions:The low concentration of tacrolimus is the cause of the recurrence or de novo of allograft IgAN. A large amount of proteinuria, the inflammatory cells infiltration in glomerular capillary, the C1q deposition in mesangial region and the low concentration of tacrolimus are the factors that affect the survival rate of graft-renal IgAN.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical prognosis of early endarteritis (within 2 weeks) and late endarteritis (after 2 weeks) after renal transplantation.Methods:A total of 81 cases with higher creatinineand receiving renal biopsy after renal transplantation were recruited from September 2001 to December 2014. They were divided into early endarteritis group (n=43) and late endarteritis group (n=38). Baseline profiles, serum creatine, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) before and after treatment, steroid resistance, reversal rate, graft loss and survival rate were analyzed for two groups.Results:Early endarteritis group showed worse serum creatine and GFR than late endarteritis group before rejection. Early endarteritis group had a higher rate of treatment with steroid plus antibody (86 %) than that of late endarteritis group (86 %vs.18.6 %, P<0.05). No significant inter-group difference existed in graft loss (23.3 % vs.10.5 %, P=0.131). The survival curve of transplanted kidney showed no significant inter-group difference insurvival time. Conclusions:The status of patients with early simple endothelitis is significantly worse than that of those with late simple endothelitis. However, after active treatments, the prognosis of patients with early simple endothelitis is not inferior to that of those with late simple endothelitis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755903

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of tertiary hyperparathyroidism (THPT) after renal transplantation .Methods The levels of bone mineral density (BMD) , serum calcium , phosphates , alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH ) were retrospectively analyzed in 36 RTx recipients with persistent hypercalcemia and stable kidney function (eGFR 76 .71 ± 17 .44) ml/min/1 .73 m2 .Results Among them ,serum total calcium level increased (2 .97 ± 0 .20 ) mmol/L for 6 to 170 months ,blood phosphorus decreased (0 .59 ± 0 .19 ) mmol/L , serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) increased to (295 .73 ± 194 .22)U/L and T-score of BMD decreased (T - 2 .78 ± 0 .84 in lumbar vertebrae and T - 2 .09 ± 0 .66 in hip joint) .And 11 /36 (30 .6% ) cases had a complication of extraosseous calcification .Parathyroid hyperplasia was detected in 17 /36 cases (47 .2% ) .iPTH was significantly higher at pre-operation and 1 week post-operation than that in control group (n= 45) (859 .50 ± 495 .44 vs 345 .56 ± 216 .55 pg/ml) , P = 0 .001 ,(759 .25 ± 907 .07 vs 197 .45 ± 249 .31 pg/ml) , P= 0 .001 .The value of iPTH at the last follow-up (198 .26 ± 155 .22) pg/ml was still higher than normal reference value (15 .0 - 65 .0 pg/ml) . Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed the last iPTH was correlated with preoperative iPTH ,serum calcium and postoperative serum phosphor ,ALP and 25OHD3 (P= 0 .024 , P= 0 .002 , P = 0 .001 , P = 0 .037 , P = 0 .026 ) .Conclusions Renal recipients had a higher levels iPTH with persistent hypercalcemia , hypophosphatemia , osteoporosis and extraosseous calcification showing the features of tertiary hyperparathyroidism .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755900

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical outcomes of low-dose rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG ) vs basiliximab as induction therapy in recipients of ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT) .Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted for e the clinical data of 40 ABOi-KT recipients between March 2017 and March 2019 .17 recipients of them received induction therapy with basiliximab (basiliximab group) while another 23 recipients received low-dose rATG (rATG group ,rATG 25 mg/d × 3 d) .During a median follow-up period of 282 days , the data of serum creatinine and eGFR at 1 week and 1 month ,graft survival rate and complication rate of two groups were compared .Results No significant difference existed in age ,gender ,dialytic modality/ duration , blood groups of recipients , HLA mis-match , blood group antibody titers , dose of rituximab ,blood groups of donors or donor age ( P > 0 .05 ) . The times of double filtration plasmapheresis in Basiliximab group were more (P< 0 .05) .No significant difference existed in serum creatinine and eGFR at 1 week or 1 month ( P > 0 .05 ) . No significant difference existed in graft survival rate . No significant difference existed in rate of acute rejection ,parvovirus B19 infection , urinary tract infection or hematoma .Conclusions Low-dose of rATG is as effective as basiliximab for ABOi-KT recipients .And rATG does not increase the rate of infection .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755892

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the flow cytometry versus test tube method in detecting antibody titer in ABO blood type,and try to establish a standard method using flow cytometry to provide insight in ABO incompatible kidney transplantation and therapeutics.Methods The ABO blood type titers of anti-IgM-A/B and anti-IgG-A/B in 30 serum samples from renal allograft recipients were measured by flow cytometry.The results were compared with those determined by test tube method.Results The titers by cytometry significantly higher than those by test tube method (P<0.05).Conclusion The sensitivity of flow cytometry is significantly higher than test tube method,and flow cytometry can precisely monitor the ABO blood titers in renal allograft recipients,which can provide better medical advice in clinical treatment and therapeutics.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613939

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the pathogenesis of the statin-induced rhabdomyolysis in renal transplant recipients.Methods We presented two renal transplant recipients who developed rhabdomyolysis in 2012 in our hospital.The clinical presentation,laboratory results,diagnosis and treatment of the two patients were analyzed retrospectively.The basic immunosuppressive agent of two patients was cyclosporine A.The recipients developed rhabdomyolysis following simvastatin lipidlowering therapy,and one patient suffered acute renal failure simultaneously.Acute tubular injury was confirmed by renal biopsy.Finally,the symptoms of the two patients were relieved completely,creatine kinase (CK) returned to normal after the satins discontinued and saline,sodium bicarbonate and diuretics were given.The renal failure patient underwent plasma exchange and CRRT,and the renal function returned to normal.Results The level of cyclosporine A should be monitored when the renal transplant patient was given statins,especially whose basic immunosuppressive agent was cyclosporine A.At the same time we should pay more attention to the symptoms of the myotoxic side effects and avoid using the drug which was also metabolized by CYP3A4.Conclusion Physicians should be aware of the potential risks of combined therapy of statins which are metabolized by P450CYP3A4 and cyclosporine A in transplant patients.If using it is advisable to begin with small dosage and monitor the CK level.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488898

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) in patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN),and to study the clinical protective mechanism of EGb.Method A prospective,non-randomized,controlled study was conducted on 103 cases of CAN from March 2013 to March 2015.All patients were divided into experimental group (group A,53 cases) and control group (group B,50 cases).The group A was treated with EGb.Patients were followed up for at least 6 months.Before and after treatment,the changes in renal hemodynamic parameters were observed.The biochemical parameters were also observed,including 24-h urinary protein,urinary albumin,serum creatinine (Scr),triglyceride (TG),total cholesterol (TC),estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),platelet count (PLT),fibrinogen (FIB),D-dimer (DD),activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT).The clinical efficacy and safety were analyzed.Result (1) Therewere no significant differences in clinical and biochemical parameters between the two groups before treatment (P>0.05).(2) After treatment,the systolic peak flow velocity (Vmax) of segmental artery and arcuate artery in the experimental group was significantly higher than in the control group,and the resistance index (RI) in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group,P<0.05.(3) In both two groups,the 24-h urinary protein,urinaryalbumin,TG,TC and Scr were decreased after treatment (P<0.05),and eGFR was elevated (P<0.05).Moreover,the changes in 24-h urinary protein and urinary albumin in the experimental group were more significant than the control group after treatment (P<0.05).(3) PLT,FIB and DD in experimental group were significantly decreased after treatment,and APTT was increased significantly (P<0.05).PLT,FIB,DD and APTT had significant change after treatment in the experimental group as compared with control group.(4) There were no significant differences in adverse reactions between two groups (x2 =0.047,P =0.828).Conclusion The therapy of EGb in patients with CAN could reduce urinary protein and improve hypercoagulable state,and had few adverse reaction with good security.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288029

ABSTRACT

The number of offspring conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) has reached over 5 million. As the primary means for treating infertility, the health of offspring produced by ART has been a long concern. Both procedures of ART and factors underlying infertility can lead to epigenetic changes which can cause certain diseases. This paper has reviewed diseases noted among offspring conceived by ART, which include imprinting disorders, metabolic syndromes and cancers. We also tried to explore the pathogenesis of such diseases from an epigenetic perspective, which may help with evaluation the influence of ART on the offspring and its safety for application.


Subject(s)
Epigenesis, Genetic , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Genetics , Genetics, Medical , Humans , Infertility , Therapeutics , Pedigree , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 345-350, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447088

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of immune cell functional assay (ImmuKnow CD4+ T cell ATP assay) in monitoring immune status in renal recipients.Methods A total of 131 adult renal transplant recipients who received transplantation for the first time were under investigation.According to the dynamic monitoring ATP concentration before operation,2 week,1,3,6 months after operation and during infect or rejection,samples were divided into the following groups:health control group (HC),pretransplant (Pre-Tx) group,stable (Tx) group,infect group,acute rejection (AR) group,acute kidney injury (AKI) group.Immune cell functions were detected by ImmuKnow CD4+ T cell ATP assay.Lymphocyte subsets (CD4+/CD8+) were analysed and serum concentrations of FK506 were tested.Mixed lymphocyte reaction(MLR) was analysed.Results The ATP concentration was no significant difference between Pre-Tx and HC group.The ATP concentration of 2 weeks,1 months after operation were significantly higher than Pre-Tx group (P < 0.01).After 3 months,6 months follow-up,the ATP concentration stabilized with time.The ATP concentration of AR group was significantly higher than other three groups (Tx,infect and AKI group,all P < 0.05).The correlation coefficient between the ATP concentration and MLR,CD4+/CD8+,FK506 level were R2=0.0072,R2=10-6,R2=0.004 respectively (all P > 0.05).Conclusions The cell-mediated immunity of recipients is relatively strongger during the first month after transplantation.The ATP concentration is not related to the levels of MLR,CD4+/CD8+,FK506.ImmuKnow ATP assay is a valuable predictor in acute rejection diagnosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444428

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of CYP3A5 * 1 and CYP3A5 * 3 genotypes on tacrolimus dose requirement.Method We tested archival peripheral blood of 69 kidney recipients for CYP3A5 genotyping by polymerase chain reaction.The dose,blood concentrations and dose-normalized blood concentrations of tacrolimus were measured at 1st and 2nd month after the renal transplantation.Result There were 6 cases of CYP3A5 * 1/* 1 (8.7%),22 cases of CYP3A5 * 1/* 3 (31.9%),and 41 cases of CYP3A5 * 3/* 3 (59.4%).At 1st and 2nd month after the renal transplantation,the carriers of CYP3A5 * 1 genotype had a higher mean tacrolimus dose than CYP3A5 * 3/* 3 genotye (both P<0.000 1),and those of CYP3A5 * 1 genotype had lower mean tacrolimus concentrations than CYP3A5 * 3/* 3 genotye (P=0.020 8,and P =0.019 1 respectively).Meanwhile,the carriers of CYP3A5 * 1 genotype had lower dose-normalized blood concentrations of tacrolimus than CYP3A5 * 3/* 3 genotye (P<0.000 1) at 1st month after the renal transplantation,as well as at 2nd month after the renal transplantation (P =0.0191).Hepatic and renal function showed no significant effect on tacrolimus dose adjusted concentration at 1st and 2nd month after transplantation.Gender did not show a significant impact on tacrolimus dose.Conclusion CYP3A5 * 1 carriers needhigher tacrolimus dose than CYP3A5 * 3 homozygote to achieve the target blood concentration.CYP3A5 genotyping is a new approach for detecting tacrolimus dose requirement in kidney recipients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468872

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sirolimus and tacrolimus after renal transplantation.Method PubMed,Web of knowledge,Medline and the Cochrane Library were searched with the terms and Boolean operators as (kidney transplantation OR renal transplantation) AND (sirolimus OR rapamycin) AND (tacrclimus OR FKS06).Results retrieved were last updated on June 9,2014.Language limit of English and Chinese only was applied.Trials were excluded if enrolling recipients of organs other than kidneys,reporting none of the outcomes in point or combining sirolimus with tacrolimus.Patient and graft survival,acute rejection and adverse events were evaluated as primary outcomes and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was an additional surrogate for renal function.Professional meta-analysis software RevMan 5.1 was employed to analyze the pooled risk ratio (RR) and mean difference (M D) followed by subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis.Result Fifteen studies were included with 2480 patients.Patients in the sirolimus group showed an increased rate of acute rejection within one-year's follow-up 2.02 (95% CI 1.37-2.99,P<0.05) and also a higher risk of adverse events 1.31 (95% CI 1.02-1.68,P<0.05).The incidence of hyperlipidaemia was significantly higher with RR =1.75 (95% CI 1.17-2.61,P< 0.01) in the sirolimus group.The other outcomes were insignificantly different between two groups.In subgroups with ATG as immunity induction and higher sirolimus concentration (>4-8 μg/L),the difference was insignificant (P > 0.05).Conclusion This meta-analysis concluded that sirolimus showed no advantage over tacrolimus when used early after transplantation.When used with higher concentrations,or with ATG as immunity induction,the disadvantages may be avoided.More clinical evidence is needed.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 243-247, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436422

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of gender matching on the outcomes of livingdonor renal transplantation.Methods A total of 419 cases of living-donor renal transplantation in our center were divided into male-donor-male-recipient (MDMR) group,male-donor-female-recipient (MDFR) group,female-donor-male-recipient (FDMR) group,female-donor-female-recipient (FDFR)group.The outcomes including graft and patient survival,acute rejection and renal function were analyzed retrospectively.Results Compared to MDMR group,MDFR group and FDFR group had lower Scr [(80.7±17.9),(87.4±21.9) μmol/L vs (120.3±72.5) μmol/L,all P < 0.05] and uric acid (UA) [(318.1 ± 86.4),(303.5 ± 66.9) μmol/L vs (358.4 ± 77.8) μmol/L,P < 0.05] 6 months after operation.Compared to MDFR group,FDMR group had higher Scr[(117.7±27.4) μmol/L vs (80.7±17.9) μmol/L,P < 0.01],UA [(371.0±92.4) μmol/L vs (318.1±86.4) μmol/L,P < 0.05] and lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) [(70.4± 17.8) ml/min vs (79.6± 18.9) ml/min,P < 0.05].Compared to FDMR group,FDFR group had lower Scr [(87.4±21.9) μmol/L vs (117.7±27.4) μmol/L,P < 0.01] and UA [(303.5±66.9)μmol/L vs (371.092.4) μmol/L,P< 0.01].Compared to MDFR group,FDFR group showed lower GFR [(72.4±25.3) ml/min vs (82.7± 18.7) ml/min,P < 0.05] 1 year after operation.Compared to MDMR group,FDFR group showed lower UA [(322.9±69.7) μmol/L vs (376.0±66.2) μmol/L,P < 0.05] 2 years after operation.Compared to FDMR group,FDFR group showed lower Scr [(88.7 ±27.0) μmol/L vs (112.7±27.8) μmol/L,P < 0.05] and UA [(318.3 ±61.2) μmol/L vs (396.2± 100.3) μmol/L,P < 0.05] 3 years after operation.5 years after operation,there were no significant differences in above indexes,the incidence of slow graft function,acute rejection and survival of graft and patient among groups.Conclusions Male recipients of female donors have the worst renal function while female recipients have better outcomes after operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435047

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment of pure redcell aplasia cased by human parvovirus B19 infection after renal transplantation.Method The clinical data including clinical symptoms and physical signs,laboratory and pathological examinations and outcomes of treatment in 8 cases at our hospital from Aug.2011 to Mar.2012 were analyzed retrospective,and relative literatures were reviewd.Result Pure red-cell aplasia occurred in all 8 cases 1 to 3 months after kidney transplantation,and one case had recurremt pure red-cell aplasia.The manifestations including recurrent reduction of hemoglobin,and pure red-cell aplasia was definitely diagnosed by bone marrow morphology,pathology,and polymerase chain reaction assay PVB19 DNA.Treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin and conversion of tacrolimus into ciclosporin was effective.Conclusion PVB19 is a rare but clinically significant infection that manifests as pure red cell aplasia during the early post-transplantation.Treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin and conversion of tacrolimus into ciclosporin in most cases was effective.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435044

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) pretreatment combined with CD25 monoclonal antibody inducible therapy for sensitized recipients of cadaver kidney transplantation.Method The clinical data of 45 sensitized recipients who received the pretreatment with DFPP and CD25 monoclonal antibody from November 2011 to January 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Panel reactive antibody (PRA) was examined by using ELISA.Before the DFPP combined with CD25 monoclonal antibody,the PRA was (56.5 ± 19.9) % (> 20%),and after the pretreatment,the PRA level was decreased to (18.9 ± 19.1)%.HLA mismatch of recipients and donators was (2.1 ± 0.7),and the lymphocytotoxic crossmatch tests before operation were negative.The incidence of patient/kidney survival,transplantation rejection and pulmonary infection were observed.All the patients were followed up for 12 months.Result During the follow-up period,no patient died,and transplanted kidney dysfunction occurred in 2/45 recipients.Twelve months after months,the survival rate was 100% and transplanted kidney survival rate was 95.6% (43/45).One (2.2%) of 45 recipients had hyperacute rejection during the operation,and was given plasmapheresis after the resection of the transplanted kidney.Twelve (26.7%) of 45 recipients had acute rejection:11 recipients completely recovered after methylprednisolone and ATG therapy,and 1 recipient given plasmapheresis for kidney dysfunction.Four (8.9%) had the pulmonary infection after operation,and all of them recovered after antiinflammation treatment.Conclusion DFPP pretreatment before kidney transplantation combined with CD25 monoclonal antibody inducible therapy is safe and effective,specially for sensitized recipients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426041

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term effectiveness of anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibodies vs.rabbit antithymocyte globulin as induction therapy in kidney transplantation.Methods Between 2006 and 2010,371 recipients of kidney transplants were treated with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI),mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone.261 patients of them received induction therapy with anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibodies (IL2Ra group),and 88 patients received rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG group).All the patients received ganciclovir against cytomegalovirus and SMZ against pneumocystis carinii.The data of delayed graft function (DGF),the rate of acute rejectin (AR) and infection in the first year and patient/allograft long survival rate in two groups were retrospectively analyzed during a follow-up period of 1 to 5 years postoperatively.Results There was no significant difference in the sex,age and causes of end-stage renal disease between the two groups.The rATG group had more kidney transplants from deceased donors (P<0.01 ) and the cold ischemia time was longer than that of the IL2Ra group (P<0.01 ).The IL2Ra group and the rATG group had similar incidence of DGF (3.1% vs.1.8%,P>0.05).One year after operation,the incidence of AR in IL2Ra group and rATG group was 10.7% and 2.7% respectively (P<0.05),and the incidence of infection in IL2Ra group and rATG group was 14.9% and 21.8% respectively (P>0.05).One-,two- and three-year patient survival rate in IL2Ra group was 98.9%,98.9% and 98.5% respectively,and that in rATG group was all 98.2% (P>0.05).The one-,two- and three-year allograft survival rate in IL2Ra group was 98.5%,98.1% and 97.7% respectively,and that in rATG group was all 97.3% (P>0.05).Conclusion rATG is more effective than IL2Ra preventing from acute rejection and does not increase the risk of infection for induction in kidney transplant recipients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389105

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of acute humoral rejection on kidney graft survival.Methods 1098 patients received cadaveric renal transplant from January 2002 to December 2008 in our center. All patients were given triple immunosuppressants including tacrolimus or cyclosporine.According to patients who experienced biopsy-proved humoral rejection and cellular rejection within one year post-transplant, there were 53 cases in humoral rejection group, 109 in cellular rejection group (including 63 patients with borderline change), and 936 in normal group. Patients who experienced acute rejection received mythyl-prednisolone pulse, or received anti-CD3 antibody/plasma exchange/globulin. Clinical characteristics before operation including sex, age, HLA mismatch, panel reactive antibody, cold/warm ischemic time, graft loss rate and graft survival were compared among three groups. The effect of completely reversed cellular rejection and humoral rejection on graft survival was analyzed. Results There was no significant difference in sex, age and cold ischemic time among three groups, but there was significant difference in warm ischemic time, level of PRA and HLA mismatch between cellular rejection group or humor rejection group and normal group (P<0. 05). During a follow-up period, the incidence of graft loss in humoral rejection group was 27.4 %, significantly higher than 7.3 % in cellular rejection group and 2.2 % in normal group, P<0. 001. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed the survival rate of grafts in humoral rejection group was significantly lower than in cellular rejection group and normal group (P<0.001 ). After patients with irreversible rejection were excluded,there was no significant difference in the survival rate of grafts among the three groups.Conclusion Patients with acute humoral rejection survived with inferior graft outcome,but completely reversible rejection showed no effect on the graft survival.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392000

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of different strategies on short-and long-term clinical outcomes of renal transplantation in Chinese subjects.Methods 2520 renal transplantations were retrospectively evaluated,including 2490 first renal transplantations and 30 second renal transplantations.Triple-immunosuppressant including cyclosporine A,azathioprine or myeophenolate mofetil(MMF)and prednisone(Pred)was adopted.Patients receiving kidney transplantation were given low dose immunosuppressants since 2000.Immunosuppressants including tacrolimus,MMF and Pred were adopted in some patients since 2000.Risk factors leading to graft loss and patients'death were analyzed.Results Until the cut date of June 30,2009,135 patients lost follow-up,and the follow-up rate was 94.6%.Incidence of acute(within 6 months post-transplantation) rejection was 18% among 2520 patients.Incidence of acute rejection (within 6 months post-transplantation) was 25.7% in panel reactive antibody (PRA) positive patients,significantly higher than 17.0% in PRA negative patients(P<0.05).Incidence of acute rejection within 6 months post-transplantation was 16.9% in HLA mismatches<4 patients,significantly lower than 23.7% in HLA≥4 patients (P<0.01).Total patient/death censored graft 1-,3-,5- and 1O-year survivals were 94.5%/96.0%,91.6%/93.1%,88.5%/90.1% and 81.7%/80.6%,respectively.Acute rejection and immunosuppressant regimen were independent risks for allograft loss.1mmunosuppressant regiment,pulmonary infection,cardio-brain-vessel accident, hepatic failure and tumor were independent risks for patients' death.Conclusion Renal allograft and patient survival appeared to be improved by optimal immunosuppressant regimen,strict HLA match and efficient post-transplant complication prophylaxis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 538-542, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380729

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of swifch from cyclosporine to FK506 on renal allograft outcome after initial acute rejection. Methods Clinical outcome of patients who experienced first acute rejection episode were retrospectively analyzed. After initial acute rejection, 23 patients were switched to FK506-based immunosuppression, and 63 patients continued CsA-based immunosuppression. Demographic data, lipid, serum creatinine, uric acid, incidence of recurrent acute rejection and graft survival were analyzed and compared. Results During one year after anti-rejection therapy, incidence of biopsy-proved recurrent rejection events was significantly lower with FK506 therapy (1/23, 4.35%) compared with CsA therapy (16/63, 25.40%)(P=0.033). 5-year graft survival rate of FK506-based immunosuppression group was higher than that of CsA-based immunosuppression group (100.0% vs 81.4%). Serum uric acid level of FK506-based immunosuppression group from 24 months to 36 months after initial rejection were significantly lower than that of CsA-based immunosuppression group [(265.5 ±147.9) μmol/L, (245.8±88.9) μmol/L vs (428.5±119.3) μmol/L, (441.2±125.3) μmol/L, P<0.01, respectively]. Conclusion Conversion to FK506 therapy can significantly reduce recurrent rejection episode, and decreasing serum uric acid level provides long-term benefits to graft survival.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 158-161, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prophylactic efficacy of compound sulfamethoxazole (SMZco)combined with ganciclovir on severe pulmonary infection in the early stage of renal transplantation. Methods Between January 2005 and January 2006,two hundred and forty renal allograft patients in our hospital were enrolled in this study.All the patients were divided into two groups.Group A(n=84)received oral SMZco combined with intravenous ganciclovir.Group B(n=156)received intravenous ganciclovir only as control.According to the time of SMZco administration,group A was divided into two subgroups:group A1(within 2weeks after transplantation,n=43)and group A2(more than 2 weeks after transplantation,n=41).All the patients were followed up for 9 months.Incidence of pulmonary infection and effects on graft function by SMZco at different time point were investigated. Results The incidence of severe pulmonary infection and mortality of infection were significantly lower in group A than those in group B (2/84 vs 16/156,P=0.027;0/2 vs 2/16,P<0.01).There were no significant differences between two groups in terms of age,gender,warm or cold ischemia,complement dependent cytotoxieity test results,incidence of urinary infection and Scr.The incidence of elevatedScr was significantly lower in group A2 than that in group A1(15/43 vs 2/41,P<0.01),however,all the elevated Scr returned to basal level within 1 week after SMZco was discontinued.Conclusions Oral SMZco combined with ganciclovir administration after renal transplantation is effective on preventing severe pulmonary infection and thus improves graft and recipient survival.The administration of oral SMZco initiated more than 2 weeks after transplantation is better for graft function.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 550-554, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380102

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI)in diagnosis and prediction of early acute renal transplant rejection.Methods BOLD-MRI was performed in a cohort of 103 patients undergoing cadaver renal transplantation between Dec 2005 and March 2007.Among them,82 recipients had nomlal renal function,21 had biopsy-proved acute rejection.R2* (1/s)measurements were obtained in the medulla and cortex of grafted kidneys. Results R2* values of the medulla were significantly lower in the acute rejection group[R2*=(14.02±2.68)/s]than that in the normally functioning transplants group [R2*=(16.66+2.82)/s],the difference between these two groups was significant (P<0.01);ROC curve analyses suggested that medullary MR2* values could accurately identify acute rejection in the early post-transplantation period.In the normal functioning transplant group,those with lower medullary R2* values (MR2*<14.9/s,n=23) had higher acute rejection rates than those with higher medullary R2* values (MR2*>14.9/s,n=59) in the first 6 months following transplantation,but the difference between these two groups was not significant (17.39% vs 8.47%,P=0.259). Conclusions Mean R2* values in the medullary regions of grafted kidneys with BOLD-MPd may be a non-invasive diadynamic criteria with good sensitivity and specificity,and may be a valuable predictor of early acute renal transplant rejection.

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