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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510780


AIM:To investigate the pathological changes of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) and related proteins in the rats with focal cerebral ischemia injury , and to observe the effect of silent information regulator 1 ( SIRT1) on the AQP4 ex-pression in order to explore the pathological mechanism of cerebral ischemia and brain edema .METHODS: Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into sham group and middle cerebral artery occlusion ( MCAO) model group.The MCAO model group was divided into the 4 time point (6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h) subgroups.The animal model of MCAO was es-tablished by suture method in mature SD rats .The neural symptom score was measured at the corresponding time points . Morris water maze test was used to study the cognitive function .The cerebral infarction volume was evaluated by TTC stai-ning .The changes of brain water content was analyzed by a dry /wet weight method .The morphological changes of the brain tissues were observed under microscope with HE staining .The protein expression of SIRT 1, MMP-9 and AQP4 was deter-mined by Western blot .RESULTS: Compared with sham group , the neural function score of the rats in MCAO model group was significantly elevated .With the increasing reperfusion time , the cerebral infarction volume , brain tissue permea-bility and the brain water content were also increased .The increases in the protein levels of AQP 4 and the related proteins showed apparent changes .The protein expression of SIRT 1 was decreased , while the MMP-9 expression was increased .The most obvious differences of the protein level changes in MCAO-48 h model group were observed (P<0.01).CONCLU-SION:Accompanied with the aggravating cerebral injury after cerebral ischemia , the process of AQP4 expression is activa-ted with the increasing expression levels of MMP-9 and SIRT1.These factors are combined to induce the formation of brain edema.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484265


Objective To investigate the effect of aminophylline and pentoxyverine on serum CRP, monocyte chemotaxis protein 1(MCP-1) and serum immune factors in elderly patients with sleep apnea syndrome .Methods 112 elderly patients with apnea syndrome were divided into the control group and the experiment group by order of medical treatment and 56 cases in each group.The control group were treated by rosiglitazone hydrochloride tablets and bay three ramie snore capsule and the experiment group were treated on the control group with Aminophylline Tablets and Pentoxyverine Citrate Tablets.Follow up 3 months, the CRP, MCP-1,IFN-γ,IL-4,IL-8 and IL-10 were tested and compared.Results Compared with the control group after treatment, the CRP,MCP-1,IFN-γand IL-8 level were lower(P <0.05),the IL-4 and IL-10 level were higher(P <0.05).Conclusion Aminophylline and pentoxyverine can be effective in treatment of elderly patients with apnea syndrome and its complications , suggesting that the mechanism may be related to reduce the patients serum CRP, MCP-1, IL-8 and IFNγ-levels, is related to the increasing of the levels of IL-4, IL-10.