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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 258-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920858

ABSTRACT

Islet transplantation is one of the effective therapies for diabetes mellitus. Nevertheless, multiple issues still exist, such as shortage of donors and adverse reactions caused by long-term use of immunosuppressants, which limit the islet survival post-transplantation. Microencapsulated islet transplantation may overcome these difficulties to certain extent, whereas many factors, such as the destruction of immune isolation microenvironment within the microcapsules and insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients, constrain the application of microencapsulated islet transplantation in clinical practice. In recent years, how to enhance the effect of microencapsulated islet transplantation has been gradually studied. The application of stem cells in microencapsulated islet transplantation has steadily become a research hot spot. Therefore, the optimizing strategies for microencapsulated islet transplantation and the application of stem cells in microencapsulated islet transplantation were reviewed, and the potential improvement techniques of microencapsulated islet transplantation were investigated in this article, aiming to provide reference for further clinical application of microencapsulated islet transplantation.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 363-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923583

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) and its mechanism. Methods Rat BMSC were isolated, cultured and purified in vitro by direct adherence method. Cell morphology was observed. Surface markers were identified by flow cytometry. The rats were treated with compound Fufangteng mixture at a dose of 3 mL/(kg·d) by gavage for 14 d, and then the drug-containing serum was collected. BMSC were divided into the blank control group, drug-containing serum group, Notch1 small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group. The proliferation rate of BMSC was detected and the relative expression levels of Notch1 signaling pathway-associated messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins were measured in each group. Results Microscopic observation showed that the first generation BMSC were seen in the long spindle shape, and grown in the parallel or spiral pattern. The third generation BMSC positively expressed CD90 and CD44, whereas were negative for CD45. Compared with the blank control group, the proliferation rate of BMSC in the drug-containing serum group and Notch1 siRNA+ drug-containing serum group was significantly increased, whereas that of BMSC was significantly decreased in the Notch1 siRNA group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the proliferation rate of BMSC was significantly increased in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (P < 0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and Delta-like ligand (DLL)1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the drug-containing serum group, whereas those were significantly down-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and DLL1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum may promote the proliferation of rat BMSC, and its mechanism is probably associated with the activation of Notch1 signaling pathway.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 397-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881523

ABSTRACT

Organoids are tissue structures, generated from pluripotent stem cells and cultured in vitro, which form self-organize and recapitulate tissues with similar structure and function to the original organs. Organoids have similar appearance and function to the original tissues, and have been widely applied in basic research and clinical trial. At present, the organoids of liver, kidney, islet, brain, intestine and other organs have been successfully cultivated. The use of islet organoid is a hotspot in the field of organoid research. However, islet organoid is currently applied in basic research because rejection after organ transplantation and other issues remain unresolved. In this article, the origin, development and basic application of islet organoid were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the transformation from basic research of islet organoid into clinical application as well as the treatment of diabetes mellitus.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 289-298, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Current research shows that platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has important prognostic value in renal cell carcinoma, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer and colon cancer. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prognostic value of PLR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Literature search for PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Medline, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI), China Biomedical Medicine disc (CBMdisc), VIP, Wanfang Database using computer electronic system to study the association between PLR and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Each eligible study data is extracted and a meta-analysis is performed using the hazard risk (HR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) to assess the prognostic value of PLR, the time limit for the search is to build the library until November 2018.@*RESULTS@#We include a total of 15 research literatures involving 5,524 patients for meta-analysis. According to the results of the meta-analysis: The OS of the higher PLR group is significantly lower than that of the lower PLR group (HR=1.69, 95%CI: 1.45-1.97, P<0.000,01, I²=46.2%, Pheterogeneity=0.026); the DFS of the higher PLR group is significantly lower than that of the lower PLR group (HR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.14-1.74, P=0.001, I²=46.2%, Pheterogeneity=0.026). Subgroup analysis show that the OS of the higher PLR group is still significantly lower than the lower PLR group (P<0.05) after grouping by ethnicity, sample size, PLR cutoff value and treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased PLR is associated with poor prognosis in NSCLC, so PLR may be an important biological predictive marker for NSCLC patients, however, its clinical application still needs to be verified through more research in the future.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cell Biology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Blood , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Pathology , Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Platelet Count , Prognosis
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 290-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731742

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of serum containing Euonymus fortunei on the rat pancreatic islet cells. Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8 in each group), including the control group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), ischemic preconditioning group (abdominal aorta was blocked first and then re-opened before the pancreas was obtained, and the pancreatic islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), Euonymus fortunei treatment group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with rat serum containing Euonymus fortunei), Euonymus fortunei group and blank group (normal rats were administered orally with Euonymus fortunei extract or distilled water for the preparation of rat serum). Diphenylthiocarbazone (DTZ) staining was utilized to observe and calculate the quantity of islets. Acridine orange (AO)/propidium iodide (PI) staining was adopted to calculate the survival rate of islet cells. The insulin release experiment was performed to calculate the stimulation index (SI) and evaluate islet cell function. The concentration of glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) in islet cells was detected using GSH and NO kits. The expression level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) messenger RNA (mRNA) was quantitatively measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results Islet cells were observed in specifically scarlet color after DTZ staining. The quantity of islet cells did not significantly differ among different groups (all P>0.05). Along with the prolongation of culture time, the activity of islet cells in each group was gradually decreased. At 72 h after isolation and culture, compared with the control group, the survival rate of the cells was significantly higher in the Euonymus fortunei treatment group (P<0.05). The insulin release test results demonstrated that compared with the control group, the SI of the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups was significantly increased (both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the GSH contents of pancreatic islet cells in the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups were considerably enhanced, the NO content was significantly decreased, and the expression level of iNOS mRNA was significantly down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusions Euonymus fortunei can increase the survival rate of islet cells and enhance the function of pancreatic islets by increasing the level of GSH, down-regulating the expression of iNOS and decreasing the NO production.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1003-1009, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663919

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of serum adenosine deaminase in the diagnosis and treatment of acute,chronic hepatitis.Methods WanFang Data,CNKI and PubMed were retrieved in order to screen literature about the relationship between serum ADA and acute and chronic hepatitis,the retrieval time was from the beginning of the database to December 1st,2016.After evaluating quality of the included studies, the meta-analysis was conducted to analyze the relationship between the level of serum ADA and acute,chronic hepatitis via RevMan 5.2 software.Results A total of 28 articles were identified including 1688 cases with acute hepatitis and 1843 cases with chronic hepatitis.The results of meta-analysis showed that the levels and positive rate of serum ADA were significantly higher in the acute hepatitis groups than that in chronic hepatitis groups(MD=4.13,95%CI(0.43,7.84),P=0.03;OR=1.94,95%CI(1.19,3.14),P=0.007).Funnel plots showed significant publication bias,and may have implications for Meta analysis(P=0.001).Conclusion Heterogeneity of the literatures mainly comes from the clinical heterogeneity and statistical heterogeneity.The serum ADA has certain value in the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464961

ABSTRACT

Surgery in combination with chemotherapy and radiotherapy is the standard of lung cancer treatment,but postoperative recurrence is very common which usually leads to higher mortality and lower life quality. Immunotherapy on post-operative patients fully mobilizes the body's defense mechanisms,activates the immune cells,and kills residual cancer cells. Current research on lung cancer immunotherapy mainly includes four categories:adoptive immunotherapy,dendritic cell vaccine,non-specific antigen immune therapy and anti-gen-specific vaccine. These studies show lung cancer immunotherapy intervention can effectively reduce postop-erative residual cancer cells,reduce postoperative recurrence rate,prolong survival,significantly improve the prognosis,and is worth spreading in clinical practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the potential of growth-related gene productβ(GROβ) as a biomarker for colorectal cancer. Methods:Serum GROβlevels in 123 subjects with colorectal cancer, 88 healthy controls, and 125 subjects with other diseases were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in all subjects were measured using immunoluminometric assay. Statistical analyses were conducted to determine the associa-tions between serum GROβlevels and clinical parameters for colorectal cancer. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of GROβ, CEA, and CA19-9 were analyzed. Results:The serum GROβlevels were higher in patients with colorectal cancer (median=96.15 pg/mL) than in the healthy controls (median=43.28 pg/mL, P<0.01) and in patients with other diseases (median=57.30 pg/mL, P<0.01). The serum GROβlevels in patients with colorectal cancer were positively correlated with the tumor-node-metastasis staging (P<0.01) and depth of infiltration (P<0.05), but not with the histological grade, tumor embolus, lymph node metastasis, gross pathologic tu-mor type, or gender of the patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the assay for serum GROβwere 56.1%(69/123) and 95.31%(203/213), respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity was 22.2%(4/18) for stage I and 66.7%(26/39) for stage II when the data of GROβwere combined with the data of CEA and CA19-9. The ROC curve constructed with the data of GROβ(0.834) was larger than that construct-ed with the data of CEA (0.739) or CA19-9 (0.676) for discriminating colorectal cancer from the matched controls. Conclusion:These preliminary results indicated that the serum GROβlevel could be a useful biomarker for colorectal cancer diagnoses.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1410-1413, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481235

ABSTRACT

GROβis a member of the CXC chemokine superfamily.It plays an important role in inflammation and wound healing process.As extensive research continued, researchers realized that the gro gene was one of onco-genes.And its expression product, GROβ, was also found to be very important in angiogenesis, tumorigeness, me-tastasis, and interaction between tumor and immune cells.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462591

ABSTRACT

Objective:Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase (CN-Ⅱ), a nucleotide kinase, exhibits both 5'-nucleotidase and nucleoside phos-photransferase activities. Abnormal CN-Ⅱexpression may be correlated with the resistance of nucleoside analogs in anticancer drugs. This study was designed to investigate CN-Ⅱexpression in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and its correlation with the clinicopathological parameters as well as the prognosis of patients treated with gemcitabine. Methods:Immunohistochemistry was used to detect CN-Ⅱexpression in 116 cases of paraffin-embedded NSCLC samples. The correlations with the clinicopathological pa-rameters and the response to gemcitabine chemotherapy of CN-Ⅱwere analyzed through the Chi-square test. Log-rank test was used to determine whether or not CN-Ⅱexpression is correlated with the overall survival of patients. Results:The positive rate of CN-Ⅱwas 53.4% in 116 NSCLC tissues. No significant correlation existed between CN-Ⅱ expression and the clinicopathological parameters. Among the 67 of the 116 patients who received gemcitabine chemotherapy, those with tumor progression (positive rate of 57.6%) exhib-ited higher CN-Ⅱexpression than those with therapeutic efficacy (positive rate of 30.4%, P=0.008) and disease-control chemotherapy (positive rate of 36.7%, P=0.013). The progression-free survival was 4.5 and 5.5 months in the CN-Ⅱ-positive and CN-II-negative groups, respectively, with significant differences (95%CI:4.452 to 6.148, P=0.041). Correspondingly, the overall survival was 9.5 and 11.0 months in the two groups (95%CI:8.667 to 13.333, P=0.282). Conclusion:CN-Ⅱmay be a prognostic factor for gemcitabine chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403502

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incompatible reaction may occur after islet transplantation, which affects the survival and functions of cells. OBJECTIVE: To explore the islet cells injury and its causes during islet transplantation. METHODS: The pancreases of voluntary, brain death, donors were isolated by collagenase, and the islet cells injury was measured with different cold ischemia times. The islet cells were cultured with blood as follow: HLA matching group: recipient whole blood + islet cells, recipient whole blood + islet cells + heparin; HLA mismatching group: recipient whole blood + islet cells, recipient whole blood + islet cells + heparin; Control group: recipient whole blood + RPMI1640. The potential injury to islet cells was observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The pancreases were smoothly obtained. The activity of islets may be more than 80% within 5 hours of ischemia preservation time, which was less than 19% if the cold ischemia preservation time was over 8 hours. When human islets were exposed to human blood, it will induce a rapid consumption of blood cells, no matter HLA matching or HLA mismatching. After adding heparin into the blood, these events were avoided. At 24 hours of in vitro culture, the number of survival islet cells in the HLA matching group was greater than that of the HLA mismatching group (P < 0.05). The results described that cold ischemia time affects islet cells activity, reduce the cold ischemia preservation time within 5 hours and HLA typing are conductive to enhance the quantity of living islets.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 713-715, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380238

ABSTRACT

Heat shock protein (HSP) 105 is a 105x103 stress protein that belongs to the HSP-110 family. It is released by tissues in response to a wide variety of stresses including infection and ischaemia. Studies have shown that the molecule is involved as a biochemical mediator of heat induced apoptosis by binding to p53 at scrotal temperatures and dissociating from it at suprascrotal temperatures in testicular germ cells. Recent studies have shown that HSP-105 is over-expressed in various malignancies besides in normal testicular tissue. HSP-105 may be a candidate of testis antigen.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 22-23, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397813

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the application of modified abdomen pathway for excising the adrenal huge pheoehromocytoma.Methods One patient(male,42-year-old)had adrenal huge pheochromocytoma.The pheochromocytoma was about 15.0 cm×8.0 cm×7.0 cm.After 3 weeks' preparations,the patient was operated.The operation was made through the modified abdomen pathway for excision,without excising the transverse on peritoneal,and the interference to organs of peritoneal was reduced.The tumor on adrenal gland adhered kidney very tightly.Expanded radical excision including tumor,kidney,adrenal gland was applied.Results The operative time was 300 rain and the volume of bleeding was about 1000 ml.In the operation process,blood pressure of the patient was stable,the visual field of operation was satisfactory.Blood pressure of the patient returned normal 6 months postoperatively.And there was no indication of tumour relapse or matastasis.Conclusion The modified abdomen pathway can expose the satisfactory visual field,and is safe and effective for adrenal gland tumor operation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407697

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The quantity and bioactivity of isolated islet are vital to islet transplantation; while, the cold ischemia time and human leucocyte antigen (HLA) typing are key factors to islet quantity and bioactivity which inflect islet transplantation.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of cold ischemia time and blood compatibility on quantity and bioactivity of islet cells.DESIGN: Observational study.SETTING: Ruikang Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine.MATERIALS: Organs from voluntary donors died of irreversible coma were adopted whose blood-type and HLA typing had been known, pancreases acquisition was carried on after other organs ablation or in the meantime. The blood of identical ABO and HLA matching conformity, or HLA cross-matching hypersensitization (missmatching over 3 Iocuses),or panel reaction antibody (PRA) > 50%, or lymphocyte cytotoxin crossmatching test positive. The isolated and purified islet suspension was filtered by 70 μm filter, which result in preparing 1.2×105/L islet suspention.METHODS: Hypertonic citrate adenine solution was perfused into aorta, and kidney-pancreases and kidney-pancreases-liver were cut together or kidney-pancreases-liver was cut separately. Islet activity was judged by diphenylthiocarbazone (DTZ) dyeing and acridine orange (AO) dyeing; meanwhile, twelve pancreases far from contamination were aquired, mean ablation time was 15 minutes; cold ischemia time ranged from 2.5 to 8 hours. Cold ischemia time of nine pancreases was controlled in 5 hours, warm ischemia time was 0-3 minutes, and peptic time was (15±2.4) minutes, correlation of islet cells and histocompatibility with survival of islet cells was analyzed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival rate of islet cells; counts of platelet, heterophil granulocyte and monocyte.RESULTS: The cutting of kidney, pancreases and liver were successful. If the cold ischemia time was controlled within 5 hours, activity of islets was above 80%. Pancreatic gland used for islet transplantation and cutting of other organs could not affect activity of islet cells. When human islets were exposed to human blood, it would induce a rapid consumption of platelets, neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in the blood. Consumption of blood cells was more in the HLA typing groups than that in the control group. After adding heparin, there was significant difference in cell account among the three groups (P < 0.05) and the reaction was relieved obviously. After 24-hour cultivation, there were significant difference in active islets quantity between HLA typing compatibility group and HLA typing incompatibility group (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Pancreatic gland obtained under the cold ischemia time < 5 hours can be used in clinical transplantation of islet cells; a good histocompatibility can raise successful rate of transplantation of islet cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It has great significance to understand individual human leucocyte antigen allele(HLA) haplotype and genotype in organ allotransplantation.OBJECTIVE:To analyse HLA allele frequency,haplotype frequency and characteristices in 36 cases of living-related donor kidney transplantation.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:The gene polymorphism analysis was performed in the Tissue Typing Laboratory of Organ Transplantation of Ruikang Hospital of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University from January 2007 to June 2008.PARTICIPANTS:Thirty-six cases of living-related donor kidney transplantation,who were relatives of Guangxi Han population.METHODS:HLA-Ⅰantigen was detected by dry plates of monoclonal antibodies,and HLA-Ⅱ antigen was subjected to genotyping using PCR-SSP technique.And then the allele and haplotype frequencies of HLA-A,B,DRB1 were calculated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:HLA haplotype and genotype of Guangxi Han population.RESULTS:A total of 11 HLA-A,24 HLA-B and 13 HLA-DR alleles were detected among 36 cases,showing a rich polymorphism.A2-B46,A11-B60,B46-DRB1*09,B60-DRB1*15 and A2-B46-DRB1*09 among 144 haplotypes were informative with frequency higher than 0.05.A total of 10 HLA-A-B haplotypes and 9 HLA-B-DRB1 haplotypes were in strongest linkage disequilibrium.Distribution of HLA-A,B,DRB1 alleles and haplotypes in Guanxi population is similar to Han population in South China,such as Hunan and Taiwan,but had its own characteristics.CONCLUSION:HLA alleles have richer polymorphisms with exhibit geographic genetic characteristics.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588541

ABSTRACT

Mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics has become an indispensable tool for tumor marker discovery.Stable isotope labeling with amino acid in cell culture(SILAC),as a representative of in vivo metabolic labeling strategy,is a simple and relatively quantitative assay for comparative proteomics.Two kinds of cultured cells are grown in the medium containing either a light or heavy isotope labeled essential amino acids.After several cell doublings,the heavy amino acids are introduced into the nascent polypeptides in a sequence-specific fashion and the natural amino acid is completely replaced by its isotopically labeled analog.Accuracy quantification would be feasible by analyzing the peak intensities of every same peptide pairs labeled with light or heavy isotopes by the mass spectrometry.Compared with chemical labeling,SILAC requires much less amount of labeled proteins,and it is an efficient,straightforward,reproducible and accurate approach in cell-based systems.This method can not only investigate the dynamics of protein abundance,but also monitor the variation of posttranslational modifications and protein-protein interactions qualitatively and quantitatively.It is a powerful and important quantitative proteomics tool for tumor marker discovery.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538959

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a new method of cutting human pancreases from cadaver donors for islets transplantation, and to discuss the relationship between activity of islets and the cold ischemia preservation time after hypertonic citrate adenine solution perfused.Methods 1500-2000 ml of hypertonic citrate adenine solution was perfused into aorta. Kidey-pancreases-duodenum-spleen were cut together. Digestion of pancreases was done with collagenase P. The islets were isolated, purified and stained. The purity and activity of the islets were measured.Results There was a negative correlation between activity of islets and the cold ischemia preservation time. But there was a positive correlation between activity of islets and the ischemic index.Conclusion The activity of the islets infused with hypertonic citrate adenine solution and degested with collagenase P is high, but the cold ischemia preservation time of the pancreases preserved in hypertonic citrate adenine solution is better not more than 5-6 h.

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