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Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 303-317, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929085


Understanding the connection between brain and behavior in animals requires precise monitoring of their behaviors in three-dimensional (3-D) space. However, there is no available three-dimensional behavior capture system that focuses on rodents. Here, we present MouseVenue3D, an automated and low-cost system for the efficient capture of 3-D skeleton trajectories in markerless rodents. We improved the most time-consuming step in 3-D behavior capturing by developing an automatic calibration module. Then, we validated this process in behavior recognition tasks, and showed that 3-D behavioral data achieved higher accuracy than 2-D data. Subsequently, MouseVenue3D was combined with fast high-resolution miniature two-photon microscopy for synchronous neural recording and behavioral tracking in the freely-moving mouse. Finally, we successfully decoded spontaneous neuronal activity from the 3-D behavior of mice. Our findings reveal that subtle, spontaneous behavior modules are strongly correlated with spontaneous neuronal activity patterns.

Animals , Mice , Behavior, Animal , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Neuroimaging , Rodentia
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 961-969, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880216


N6-methyladenosine is one of the most prevalent mRNA modification in eukaryotes. The regulation of this pervasive mark is a dynamic and reversible process. m⁶A RNA methylation is catalyzed by m⁶A writers, removed by m⁶A erasers and recognized by m⁶A readers, thereby regulating multiple RNA processes including alternative splicing, nuclear export, degradation and translation. Accumulated evidence suggests that m⁶A modification plays a crucial role in the pathogenic mechanism and malignant progression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including cell survival, proliferation, migration, invasion, tumor metastasis and drug resistance. Moreover, the expression of m⁶A and its related proteins are dysregulated in clinical samples and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) of lung cancer patients, indicating that m⁶A modification may serve as a novel potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of lung cancer. In this review, by summarizing a great number of recent reports related to m⁶A's function and its modulators, we aim to provide a new insight on the early diagnosis and drug development in NSCLC therapy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512593


Objective To investigate the effect of CCAT1 on migration,invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in endometrial carcinoma (EC) cell.Methods Using quantitative PCR assay,level of CCAT1 was detected in EC tissues to find its association with the initiation and malignancy degree of EC.Wound heal assay and transwell invasion assay were performed to study the effect of CCAT1 on migration and invasion ability of EC cell,while qPCR and western blot assay were utilized to detect the levels of related genes.Results In EC tissues,level of CCAT1 was significantly upregulated (P < 0.001) and was positively associated with the malignancy degree of EC.After CCAT1 knockout,shorter migration distance was found,fewer cell passed through the chambers,levels of metastasis-related genes (MMP2 and MMP9) and mesenchymal markers (Snail,Zeb1 and Twist1) were up-regulated,and epithelial markers (E-cadherin and ZO-1) were down-regulated.Conclusion CCAT1 was up-regulated in EC tissue and its expression level was positively associated with the malignancy degree of EC.CCAT1 knockdown inhibited the metastasis,invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of EC cell.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590773


Objective To study the effects of injecting recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) alone or combined on actue myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods AMI models were induced by ligation of the left anterior descending artery.The survived rats were divided into four groups randomly:AMI group (MI),rhG-CSF group (G),bFGF group (B),combined group (GB).Respectively,saline,rhG-CSF,bFGF,and rhG-CSF plus bFGF were injected intraperitoneally 24 h after AMI.Also,sham-operated group (S) was established with only chest-opeaned,without ligation,and no drugs intervention. The white blood cells (WBC) and mononuclear cells (MNC) proportion in peripheral blood were counted 1 week before and 1 week after the intervention,and the number of CD34+ cells was observed with immunohistochemical staining 1 week after AMI in order to compare the situation of mobilization in peripheral blood;the capillary density was evaluated by HE staining both 1 and 4 weeks after AMI;their cardiac fuction was determined in vivo,the infarction size in each group was calculated,and the pathological changes in rat myocardium were observed by HE staining 4 weeks after AMI.Results Compared with MI group,the number of WBC and MNC% in peripheral blood 1 week after AMI in G,B and GB groups were higher(P