Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 58
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of inhaling hyperbaric oxygen on edema resulting from cerebral hemorrhage.Methods:Cerebral hemorrhage was modeled using collagenase in 125 Wistar rats, with 5 others used as controls. The injured rats were randomly divided into a second control group without any hyperbaric oxygen intervention, and groups which inhaled hyperbaric oxygen for 40 min, 60 min, 80 min or 100 min. There were 25 rats in each group. The inhalation began 6 hours after the modeling and was administered once a day. On the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 16th day of the treatment, 5 rats from each group were sacrificed and the expression of the B lymphoblastoma-2 gene (Bcl-2) and BCL2-associated protein X (Bax) in the brain tissue around the hematoma was detected using immunohistochemical methods.Results:The average Bax expression in all of the HBO groups was significantly lower than in the second control group at each time point, but with significant differences between the HBO 60 min and HBO 40 min groups, as well as between the HBO 80 min and HBO 100 min groups. By the 4th day the average Bcl-2 expression in the HBO 40 min group was significantly different from that in the HBO 80 min group, and the same was true of the HBO 60 min and HBO 100 min groups.Conclusions:One of the mechanisms by which HBO treats intracerebral hemorrhage may be related to down-regulating the expression of Bax and increasing the expression of Bcl-2. The best everyday treatment duration is 80 min.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 705-710, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the dynamic change of cytokines in patients with occupational trichloroethylene-induced medicamentosa-like dermatitis(OMDT) at the initial stage of treatment. METHODS: Twenty-two cases of early onset OMDT with no glucocorticoid treatment history were selected as the research subjects by judgment sampling method. Blood samples were collected on the 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th and 5 th weeks after admission and on the day of hospital discharge. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), interleukin(IL)-5, IL-6 and IL-10 in plasma samples were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The five cytokines in patients with exfoliative dermatitis showed an increasing trend at the initial stage of treatment. Among them, the levels of TNF-α, IL-5 and IL-10 reached a peak and then dropped rapidly to form a plateau, and the levels of IFN-γ and IL-6 were slightly increased and the duration of increase was shorter than that of other cytokines. The levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-5 and IL-6 in patients with erythema multiforme remained within the detection limits in the detection process. Only a few patients showed a short-term increase, the IL-10 level showed a slight increase at the initial stage and then decreased to the plateau stage. The levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 in patients with bullous epidermal necrolysis increased rapidly at the initial detection stage for a short period of time, and then decreased sharply. The level of IL-5 remained at the detection limit, and the IL-10 level showed alternative rising and falling pattern. Part of the dynamic change of cytokines in patients with exfoliative dermatitis and bullous epidermal necrolysis was similar. CONCLUSION: The levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10 in OMDT patients changed with the progression of the disease at the early treatment stage, and the degree of change was related to the type of rash. Among them, the levels of TNF-α and IL-10 showed dynamic changes due to the progression of the disease, which could be considered as effect biomarkers to evaluate the severity and progression of the disease, and provide a reference for the rational treatment of patients.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 385-389, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the pathological changes of rat silicosis model at different time points. METHODS: The specific pathogen free SD rats were randomly divided into control group and 7, 15, 21, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 day model groups based on their body weight, with 5 rats in each group. Non-exposed endotracheal intubation was performed. Silicosis rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of 250 g/L silica suspension in each rat, and 0.9% sodium chloride solution was perfused into the trachea of rats in the control group. The rats in the control group were sacrificed on the 90 th day after exposure, and the model rats in the other 8 groups were sacrificed on the 7 th, 15 th, 21 st, 30 th, 45 th, 60 th, 75 th and 90 th days after the end of exposure. The gross appearance of the lung tissue of rats was observed. The rat lung tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining to observe the pathological changes, and Ashcroft score was evaluated. RESULTS: The gross observation showed that the lungs of rats in the model groups had varying degree of gray changes, hardened texture, and spots and nodules on the surface of the lobes. These changes were aggravated with the increase of time after dust exposure. The results of histopathological examination of the lungs showed that the rats developed acute alveolar inflammation, and a large number of macrophages and neutrophils were seen in the lung tissues in the 7 th and 15 th day model groups. Cellular nodules appeared in the lung tissue, and fibrosis appeared in the center of the nodule in the rats of 21 st, 30 th, and the 45 th day model groups; the silicosis nodules appeared in the lung tissues of rats in the 60 th, 75 th, and 90 th day model groups, and the small nodules gradually merged into larger ones. Simultaneously, with the increase of time after dust exposure, the lung tissue of rats gradually showed severe pulmonary fibrosis. The lung organ coefficient and Aschcroft score of rats increased with the increase of time after dust exposure(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The rat lung changes after dust exposure. Acute alveolar inflammation occurs on the 7 th to 15 th day after dust exposure; cellular nodules develop on the 21 st to 45 th day after dust exposure; silicosis nodules develop on the 60 th to 90 th day after dust exposure. The severity of lung fibrosis after dust exposure showed a time-effect relationship in rats.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 162-167, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between plasma cytokine levels and liver functions in patients with occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene(OMDT). METHODS: A total of 22 OMDT patients were selected as research subjects using judgment sampling method. Blood samples were collected from patients on the 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, and 5 th week of admission and the day of hospital discharge. The automatic biochemical instrument was used for detecting the index of serum liver function. The levels of cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), interleukin(IL)-5, IL-6, and IL-10 in plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The Spearman correlation analysis was performed to analyze the correlation between cytokines and liver function in 15 patients with exfoliative dermatitis. RESULTS: The levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), total bilirubin(TBIL), direct bilirubin(DBIL), glutamyl transpeptidase(GGT), and total bile acid(TBA) of OMDT patients on the 1 st week of admission increased(P<0.05), while total protein(TP) and albumin(ALB) decreased(P<0.05) compared with the results at discharge(a stage of recovery). The correlation analysis results of patients with exfoliative dermatitis showed that: the levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 were negatively correlated with the levels of TP and ALB respectively(P<0.05), the level of IL-5 was negatively correlated with TBIL(P<0.05), and the level of IL-10 was negatively correlated with ALB(P<0.05) in the 1 st week. The level of IL-6 was positively correlated with ALT(P<0.05) in the 2 nd week. The level of TNF-α was positively correlated with TBIL(P<0.05), the level of IL-10 was positively correlated with AST(P<0.05) in the 3 rd week. The levels of TNF-α and IL-10 were positively correlated with AST and ALT respectively(P<0.05), the level of IFN-γ was positively correlated with AST(P<0.05) in the 4 th week. The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 were positively correlated with ALT and GGT(P<0.05), and the levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ were positively correlated with AST(P<0.05) in the 5 th week. The level of TNF-α was negatively correlated with DBIL(P<0.05) and was positively correlated with TBA(P<0.05) at discharge.CONCLUSION:s Patients with OMDT are frequently accompanied with severe liver function damage at the early stage. The level of plasma cytokines(TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-10) might correlate with the severity of liver dysfunction.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 35-40, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the sub-acute toxicity of 1-bromopropane(1-BP) oral exposure for 28 days in SD rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free adult female SD rats were randomly assigned to the control and exposed group, 8 rats in each group. The 1-BP was suspended in corn oil and administered by gavages in a dose of 800 mg/kg body weight to rats in the exposed group, once a day, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. The rats in the control group were given equal volume of corn oil. After the last exposure, blood and urine of rats were collected for 1-BP level detection and hematological examination. Brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney and spleen of rats were collected for gross pathological examination and histopathological examination. RESULTS: The rats of exposed group showed unstable standing, weakness of hind limbs, limping and lying down from the 3 rd week of exposure. From the 1 st to 4 th week of exposure, mean body weight of rats in the exposed group were significantly lower than those of the control group(P<0.05). In the exposed group, the level of 1-BP in urine was higher than that in blood(P<0.05), and that there was positive correlation between them(Spearman correlation coefficient=0.954, P<0.01). In the control group, 1-BP was not detected. The absolute weights of brain and lung tissue in the exposure group decreased(P<0.05), meanwhile the organ coefficients of heart, liver, spleen and kidney were significantly increased compared with the control group(P<0.05). The number of red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, the mean hemoglobin concentration, the total serum cholesterol and triglycerides were decreased(P<0.05). No pathological change related to 1-BP exposure was observed in the main organs of the rats in the exposed group. CONCLUSION: The sub-acute oral toxicity of 1-BP is mainly neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity. The 1-BP level in urine may reflect its exposure.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755635

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats with tibial fracture. Methods One hundred and fifty clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 18-22 months, weighing 440-580 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=30 each ) using a random number table method: control group ( group C ) , sham operation group ( group S) , tibial fracture group ( group T) , normal saline group ( group N) and α7nAChR agonist PUN282987 group (group P). Group C received no treatment. Ten percent chloral hydrate 0. 4 ml/100 g was injected intraperitoneally in group S. Group T underwent tibial fracture. PUN2829872. 4 mg/kg was in-traperitoneally injected at 5 min before tibial fracture in group P . The equal volume of normal saline was giv-en at 5 min before tibial fracture in group N. Morris water maze test was performed at day 7 after surgery. At days 1, 3 and 7 after surgery, the pathological changes of the hippocampal CA3 region were observed by haematoxylin and eosin staining, and the expression of α7nAChR, choline acetyltransferase ( ChAT ) , tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) and interleukin-1β( IL-1β) in the hippocampal CA3 region was measured by Western blot. Results Compared with group C, the postoperative escape latency and swimming dis-tance were significantly prolonged, and the expression of α7nAChR, ChAT, TNF-α and IL-1β was up-regulated at each time point after operation in T, N and P groups ( P<0. 05) , and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group S ( P>0. 05) . Compared with group T, the postoper-ative escape latency and swimming distance were significantly shortened, and the expression of α7nAChR and ChAT was up-regulated and the expression of TNF-α and IL-1β was down-regulated at each time point after operation in group P ( P<0. 05) , no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group N ( P>0. 05) , and the pathological changes of the hippocampal CA3 region were significantly at-tenuated in group P. Conclusion α7nAChR antagonism is involved in the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats with tibial fracture.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 340-344, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751405

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of 18F-FDG PET-CT in the diagnosis, clinical staging and treatment guide of malignant lymphoma. Methods A total of 136 lymphoma patients confirmed by pathological diagnosis who received 18F-FDG PET-CT and contrast enhanced CT (CECT) examination in Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2011 to December 2016 were collected. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) of 18F-FDG PET-CT and CECT were evaluated, respectively. The effects of 18F-FDG PET-CT on diagnosis, clinical staging and treatment regimens of lymphoma were analyzed. Results The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV of 18F-FDG PET-CT in the diagnosis of lymphoma for all 136 patients was 98.2%, 82.1%, 94.9%, 95.5% and 92.0%, respectively. CECT was 80.6%, 67.9%, 77.9%, 90.6% and 47.5%, respectively. The difference in sensitivity and specificity between 18F-FDG PET-CT and CECT was statistically significant (χ2= 16.0, P<0.01). The accuracy of 18F-FDG PET-CT was higher than that of CECT. Compared with CECT, 26 (20.6%) patients with image of 18F-FDG PET-CT showed the increase of the clinical staging, 4 (2.9%) patients showed the decrease of the clinical staging, and 16 (11.8%) patients changed the treatment regimen after the stage alteration. Conclusion 18F-FDG PET-CT is superior to CECT in the diagnosis, clinical staging and treatment guide of lymphoma, which shows the promising prospect in the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 152-156, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881769

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) subacute exposure on depression in rats as well as the relevant mechanism of monoamine neurotransmitters. METHODS: The specific pathogen free male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in these 4 groups were intra-gastrically administered with 1,2-DCE(diluted in corn oil) at the dose of 0, 20, 40, 80 mg/kg body weight, every other day for 14 times. After exposure, the behavior change of rats was observed by open-field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test. The levels of the monoamine neurotransmitters including 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), noradrenaline(NA) and dopamine(DA) in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of rats were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection method. RESULTS: The number of rearing, time and distance of central area, sucrose preference index of mice in medium and high dose groups were decreased(P<0.05), while immobility time of forced swim test was increased(P<0.05) when compared with the mice in control group. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum decreased with the increase of 1,2-DCE exposure(P<0.05), showing a dose-effect relationship. The levels of 5-HT, NA and DA in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum in the high-dose group were lower than that of control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The subacute exposure of 1,2-DCE can induce depression-like behavior in rats. The mechanism might be related to the reduction of monoamine neurotransmitters in striatum, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 138-151, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771295

ABSTRACT

As a promising candidate seed cell type in regenerative medicine, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted considerable attention. The unique capacity of MSCs to exert a regulatory effect on immunity in an autologous/allergenic manner makes them an attractive therapeutic cell type for immune disorders. In this review, we discussed the current knowledge of and advances in MSCs, including its basic biological properties, i.e., multilineage differentiation, secretome, and immunomodulation. Specifically, on the basis of our previous work, we proposed three new concepts of MSCs, i.e., "subtotipotent stem cell" hypothesis, MSC system, and "Yin and Yang" balance of MSC regulation, which may bring new insights into our understanding of MSCs. Furthermore, we analyzed data from the Clinical Trials database ( http://clinicaltrials.gov ) on registered clinical trials using MSCs to treat a variety of immune diseases, such as graft-versus-host disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis. In addition, we highlighted MSC clinical trials in China and discussed the challenges and future directions in the field of MSC clinical application.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Humans , Immune System Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Regenerative Medicine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711330

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in improving consciousness in patients with severe disorders of consciousness.Methods Thirty-eight patients with disorders of consciousness were divided into an observation group and a control group according to a random number table,each of 19.Both groups received conventional rehabilitation therapy,while the observation group was additionally provided with tDCS at the intensity of 2 mA for 20 minutes per day,6 days per week,for 20 times,with the anodal electrode (isotonic saline gelatin sponge,7 cm×5 cm) placed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the cathodal stimulation over the right eye socket or right shoulder.The patients were evaluated with brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP),upper limb somatosensory evoked potential (USEP),electroencephalogram (EEG) and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and persistent vegetative state (PVS) scores before and after the treatment.Results There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to BAEP,USEP,EEG,GCS and PVS scores (P>0.05).After the treatment,significant improvement was observed in all the measurements,with those of the observation group superior to the control group (P<0.05).In the evaluation of clinical efficacy,the total effective rate and the significant effective rate of the observation group was 89.47% and 78.95%,respectively,significantly higher than those of the control group (84.21% and 42.11%) (P<0.05).Conclusions Conventional rehabilita tion treatment can improve the BAEP,USEP,EEG,GCS and PVS scores of patients with severe disorders of con sciousness,and the addition of tDCS on the basis of conventional rehabilitation treatment is more effective.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706877

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of NAD (P) H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and investigate the correlation between these two indicators and other clinicopathological parameters in TCL. Methods: Clinical data of 61 patients with TCL who were initially diagnosed in Gansu Provincial Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Immunohistochemical examination was performed to detect NQO1 and HO-1 expression levels in 61 TCL tissues (TCL group) and 20 lymph node reactive hyperplasia tissues (control group). Results: Positive expression rates of NQO1 and HO-1 were significantly higher in TCL tissues than in lymph node reactive hyperplasia tissues (P<0.05). NQO1 expression was closely related with Ann-Arbor clinical stage and B symptoms (P<0.05); HO-1 expression was correlated with clinical stage, bone marrow invasion, and B symptoms (P<0.05). NQO1 and HO-1 expression levels were not related to age, sex, lactate dehydrogenase level, and pathological type (P>0.05); there was a correlation between NQO1 and HO-1 expression (r=0.264; P=0.040). Conclusions: NQO1 and HO-1 are highly expressed in TCL and may interact and contribute to the occurrence and development of TCL.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 901-904, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696933

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MSCT manifestations of hepatic fat-poor perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa). Methods CT and pathological findings of 8 patients with hepatic fat-poor PEComa confirmed by surgery were assessed retrospectively.Results 8 cases had solitary lesion,all lesions with round or round-like shape.The largest diameter ranged 20-110 mm.The fat density was not measured by CT scan.6 lesions composed of solid component,and solid part showed obviously enhancement on arterial phase.On portal venous phase and parenchymal phase,the tumors showed equal or low or slightly high density.2 lesions showed cystic necrosis,peripheral enhancement on arterial phase,1 lesion showed continuous enhancement and the enhancement degree increased,and another lesion showed reduced enhancement.All lesions had tortuous vascular in the center of lesions or at the peripheral.Immunohistochemistry examinations showed that HMB45,Melan-A and SMA were positive in all cases,CD31,CD34 and S-100 expressed positive in partial cases. Conclusion The CT findings of hepatic fat-poor PEComa are lack of specificity.When the enhancement and clearance pattern of liver mass is similar to hepatocellular carcinoma or adenoma,the clinical history does not support the diagnosis,may consider the possibility of PEComa when tortuous vascular in the center of lesions or at the peripheral on arterial phase.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 424-429, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of sub-acute inhalation of 1-bromopropane( 1-BP) on the ultrastructure of cerebral cortex,hippocampus,cerebellum,and brainstem in male rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and exposure group with 6 rats in each group. The rats of exposure group received 1-BP vapor at a concentration of 5 000 mg/m3. The rats in the control group were given fresh air in a dynamic inhalation chamber system for 4 weeks(6 hours/day,5 days/week). After the end of the exposure,the cerebral cortex,hippocampus,cerebellum and brainstem of rats were collected and the ultrastructural changes were observed under transmission electron microscope( TEM). RESULTS: After 3 weeks of exposure to 1-BP,the rats in the exposure group began to have unresponsiveness and decreased muscle strength in hind limbs. The body weight of exposure group was lower than that of control group from the 1 st to the 4 th week( P < 0. 05). TEM results showed destroyed structure of the myelin sheath in the region of cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum and brainstem, and irregular nucleus, vacuolar degeneration,increased lysosome of endoplasmic reticulum,mitochondrion swelling of neuron cells,karyopyknosis of astrocytes and vacuolation in the neurite of astrocytes located in the blood brain barrier( BBB). CONCLUSION: 1-BP sub-acute inhalation exposure could damage the myelin,neuron,astrocyte and BBB in male rats. The demyelination of nerve fiber and decreased permeability of BBB was particularly noticeable.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 316-320, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of shift work on common risk factors of cardiovascular disease in male workers in petrochemical enterprises.METHODS: A total of 981 male workers in a petrochemical enterprise were selected as study subjects by judgment sampling method.According to the current status of work shift,619 workers were in the shift group and 362 in the non-shift group.The differences in the related indicators of common risk factors of cardiovascular disease in these two groups were compared.RESULTS: The systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,uric acid,fasting blood glucose( FBG),and total cholesterol( TC) levels in workers of the shift group were higher than that in the non-shift group( P < 0.01).The diastolic blood pressure,serum FBG,TC,triglyceride levels,and obesity detection rate in the subgroup workers with a shift length ≥ 5.0 years were higher than that in the subgroup with shift length < 5.0 years( P < 0.05).The prevalence of hypertension,hyperglycemia,hyperlipidemia,and hyperuricemia in the study population were 9.3%,1.4%,19.9% and 33.4%,respectively.The prevalence of hyperuricemia increased with the increased working shift length( P < 0.01).The multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that,the length of shift work was a risk factor for hyperuricemia( P < 0.01) after excluding the confounding factors such as age,body mass index,smoking and alcohol consumption.With the increase of the length of shift work,the risk of hyperuricemia increased.There was no correlation between shift working length and hypertension,hyperglycemia,and hyperlipidemia( P > 0.05).CONCLUSION: Shift work can increase the risk of hyperuricemia in male workers; shift work was not found to increase the risk of hypertension,hyperglycemia,and hyperlipidemia.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 297-307, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on peripheral nerve damage induced by 1-bromopropane( 1-BP) exposure.METHODS: A total of 25 specific pathogen free healthy adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group( n = 5),model control group( n = 10),and electroacupuncture treatment( EA) group( n = 10).Rats in the blank control group were not exposed to 1-BP and treated with electroacupuncture.The rats in model control group and EA group were placed in a dynamic inhalation exposure cabinet with 1-BP at concentration of 5 000 mg/m~3.The rats were continuously exposed to 1-BP 8 hours per day,5 days a week,for 4 weeks.At the 3 rd day after the end of the exposure,the EA group was treated with electroacupuncture on“Zu sanli”and“Huantiao”points for 4 courses.Each course included 20 minutes each time,once per day for 7 consecutive days.The body weight,the motor nerve conduction velocity( MCV) and sense nerve conduction velocity( SCV) of sciatic nerves on both posterior limbs of the rats were measured.RESULTS: During the course of 1-BP exposure,the rats in the EA and model control group showed reduction of eating,drinking and activities,limited autonomic activities and their hind limbs dragged.The MCV and SCV of posterior limb sciatic nerve of rats in the model control group were slower than that of the control group at the 4 th,6th and 8th week and the 0 week of the same group( P < 0.05).The MCV and SCV of posterior limb sciatic nerve of rats in the EA group improved with the increase of treatment time( P < 0.05),and those at the 6th and 8th weeks of the experiment( corresponding to the 2nd and 4th week after treatment) were faster than that of the model control group at the same time( P < 0.05).The SCV of the posterior limb sciatic nerve in the EA group recovered to normal level 4 weeks after treatment compared with the blank control group( P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture treatment can promote the recovery of peripheral nerve damage in rats with 1-BP poisoning.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the phylogenetics and prevalence of bloodstream infections with ST131, the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the pathogens, and the clinical features.@*METHODS@#Non-duplicate isolates were collected from 144 patients with bloodstream infections in our hospital between January and December, 2016.The phylogenetic groups of the isolates were analyzed using multiplex PCR, and O serotyping of ST131 strains was performed by allele-specific PCR.The clinical characteristics of the 144 patients were analyzed to define the differences in the clinical features between patients with ST131 infection and those with non-ST131 infection.Antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates was determined using the Vitek 2 compact system.@*RESULTS@#The phylogenetic group analysis showed a domination by group B2 (41.0%[59/144]), followed by group F, group B1 and group E, which accounted for 16.7%(24/144), 13.9%(20/144), and 13.2% (19/144), respectively.Nine strains (6.3%) of were identified to be ST131 strains, among which 8 were O25b-B2-ST131 strains and 1 was O16-B2-ST131 strain.Of the 9 cases of ST131 infection, 7(77.8%) were found to occur in a nosocomial setting.The demographic characteristics and clinical features of the ST131-infected patients were similar to those of non-ST131-infected patients.ST131 strains were sensitive to piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, ertapenem, and amikacin, but showed high resistance rates to cefazolin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gentamicin, and trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole (all over 50%).The positivity rate of ESBLs in the ST131 strains was 77.8%, and the multidrug resistance rate reached 88.9%, which was higher than that of non-ST131 isolates, but the difference was not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The most common phylogenetic groups of isolates from patients with bloodstream infections are group B2 and F, and the positivity rate of ST131 is low.We for the first time detected O16-ST131 in patients with blood-borne infections in China.The clinical features of ST131-infected patients are similar to those of non-ST131-infected patients.The positivity rate of ESBLs and the multidrug resistance rate are high in ST131 strains, which may raise concerns in the future.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bacteremia , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Microbiology , China , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli , Classification , Genetics , Escherichia coli Infections , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Genotype , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Epidemiology , Phylogeny , Species Specificity
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667354

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficacy between transcatheter intervention and surgical closure of para-valvular leakage(PVL)after valve replacement.Methods From May 2010 to May 2014,17 patients of paravalvular leakage af-ter valve replacement underwent interventional therapy and 11 patients underwent surgical closure.The perioperative charac-ters, mortality rate, complications and prognosis were compared between the patients underwent surgical procedure and tran-scatheter intervention.The average follow-up time was 13 months(1-36 months).Results The success rate of transcatheter intervention was 100%, while there were 2 in-hospital deaths in the surgical group(18%).Compared with surgical group, transcatheter intervention group has the benefit of shorter operation time[(84 ±36)min vs.(358 ±88)min](P<0.01),shor-ter hospitalization time[(11.9 ±12.1)d vs.(38.1 ±42.2)d](P<0.05), less transfusion[(1 029 ±455)ml vs.(1 438 ± 908)ml](P<0.05).There was no mechanical ventilation and ICU stay in the transcatheter intervention group.After tran-scatheter intervention, there was 7 residual shunt(47%)with an average shunt volume of(1.6 ±1.7)ml,which is remarkably reduced compared with pre-operation.In the surgical group, there was 1 case of residual shunt(9%).During the follow-up, there was no deaths in both groups, with improved heart function and no serious complications.Conclusion In the treatment of paravalvular leakage after valve replacement,transcatheter interventiontechnique has the advantages of simpler and safe ap-proach, less trauma, shorter time of hospitalization,faster post-operative recovery and lower treatment cost.This method is one of the new technology in the field of minimally invasive cardiac surgery in recent years.By improving operation skills,choosing individualized occluders and treatment of early hemolytic complications, the success rate and long-term effect of interventional therapy can get further improved.

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 657-663, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells( BMSCs) on the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis mice. METHODS: Specific pathogen free healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group,silicosis group and treatment group with 10 mice in each group. The mice of the control group were given one intra-tracheal injection of 20. 0 μL 0. 90% sodium chloride solution. The silicosis group and treatment group received one 20. 0 μL( mass concentration 250 g/L) of silica dust suspension. After 4 weeks,mice in treatment group were injected with 250. 0 μL of BMSCs suspension( cell density 2 × 10~9/L) by tail vein and silicosis group injected with 250. 0 μL of 0. 90% sodium chloride solution instead,once a week with continuous treatment for 4 weeks. Control group was not given any treatment. Mice were euthanized two weeks after the last treatment. Pathological sections were observed,pulmonary fibrosis score( Ashcroft scores) was marked. Lung coefficient was measured. Lung tissue hydroxyproline( HYP) level and serum transforming growth factor β1( TGF-β1) level were measured. The level of pulmonary fibrosis was scored and the percentages of T helper cell 17( Th17 cell) and regulatory T cell( Treg cell) of spleen and hilar lymph node( HLN) were measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The results of lung histopathological examination showed that the pulmonary fibrosis was severe in silicosis group. Massive collagen fiber accumulation and silicotic nodule were found. In treatment group,fibrosis was mild,little collagen fiber accumulation and silicotic nodule were found. The lung coefficient,Aschcroft scores,lung tissue HYP level,serum TGF-β level and the percentage of Th17 cell of spleen and HLN in silicosis group were higher than that of control group( P < 0. 05),while the above indexes of treatment group were lower than that of silicosis group( P < 0. 01). The percentage of Treg cell of spleen and HLN in silicosis group were lower than that of control group( P < 0. 05),while those indexes of treatment group were higher than that of silicosis group( P < 0. 01).CONCLUSION: BMSCs could effectively alleviate the pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis mice and correct the imbalance of Th17/Treg.

19.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 596-599, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the dose-response curve of chromosome aberration induced by X-ray irradiation in human peripheral blood in vitro. METHODS: The median cubital vein blood of healthy male donors were collected and irradiated with X-ray at the dose of 0. 00-5. 00 Gy in vitro. The dose rate was 0. 8 mGy/s. The cells were cultured with colchicine and stained with routine Giemsa staining. The slices were blindly examined. The morphology of chromosomes were recorded as dicentric,multi-centric,dicentric plus rings or fragments( hereinafter referred to as dicentric + ring) in metaphase cells. The occurrence of dicentric + ring and the irradiation dose was used to create the dose-response curve.RESULTS: The results showed that the occurrence of dicentric + ring in abnormal cells increased with the increasing irradiation dose in the range of 0. 00-5. 00 Gy( P < 0. 01). The best fitting equation of 0. 00-1. 00 Gy is y = 23. 22 D2+4. 768 D-0. 018( P < 0. 01). The best fitting equation of 0. 50-5. 00 Gy is y = 34. 23 D-3. 072( P < 0. 01).CONCLUSION: The fitting degree of dose-response curve is good,which can be used as reference in laboratory to assess irradiation exposure dose.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 537-541, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the repair effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells( BMSCs) on hematopoietic injury induced by benzene poisoning in mice. METHODS: Five specific pathogen free healthy male Kunming mice were selected to obtain BMSCs through bone marrow attachment culturing method. The Kunming mice were randomly divided into poisoning group and BMSCs transplantation group,18 mice in each group,after the benzene poisoning model was established by subcutaneous multi-point injection of benzene and oil mixture 3 times/week,10 weeks continuously. Each group was injected through tail vein with 250. 0 μL 0. 9% sodium chloride solution or 250. 0 μL BMSCs suspension( cell density 2 × 109/L) once per week for 4 weeks,respectively. The control group( 10 mice) was not given any treatment.Mice were euthanized 2 weeks after treatment. The blood routine examination was conducted. Nucleated cells in bone marrow were observed after Giemsa staining. The clones of hemopoietic progenitor cells were counted and the levels of serum interferon-γ( IFN-γ) were examined using enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay. RESULTS: The mouse model of chronic benzene poisoning was established successfully. After the BMSCs transplantation treatment,the white blood cell count,platelet count,red blood cell count,hemoglobin level and bone marrow nucleated cell as well as granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit( CFU-GM) in benzene poisoning group were significantly decreased compared with control group( P <0. 01),while those indexes of BMSCs treatment group were higher than that of benzene poisoning group( P < 0. 05). The counts of platelet,red blood cell,bone marrow nucleated cell and CFU-GM in BMSCs treatment group were significantly lower than that of control group( P < 0. 05). The level of serum IFN-γ in benzene poisoning group was higher than that of control group( P < 0. 01),and serum IFN-γ level in BMSCs treatment group was lower than that of benzene poisoning group( P < 0. 01). There was no significant difference of IFN-γ level in BMSCs treatment group compared with control group( P > 0. 05). CONCLUSION: BMSCs have repair effects on hematopoietic system injury caused by benzene poisoning.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL