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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755934

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of one case of anastomotic leakage after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK ) with enteric drainage .Methods One case of type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with end-stage nephropathy undergoing SPK was retrospectively analyzed .Iliac venous systemic circulation was employed for pancreatic venous reflux ,transplanted pancreas exocrine via enteric drainage and side-to-side anastomosis between donor pancreaticoduodenum and recipient jejunum . Pancreatoduodenal anastomotic leakage occurred at 12 days post-operation .During re-operation ,Roux-en-Y anastomosis was established between donor pancreaticoduodenum and recipient jejunum .And the relevant domestic and foreign literatures were searched .Results The follow-up time was 3 month after a second operation .Recipient pancreas and kidney transplantation survived well . There was no onset of enteric leakage .The incidence of anastomotic leakage varies greatly between different transplantation centers both at home and abroad .The incidence ranged from 3 .6% to 11 .3% .And the risk of pancreatic loss was as high as 54 .6% .Conclusions As a severe postoperative complication ,anastomotic fistula after SPK may cuase abdominal infection . Even after reparing enteric fistula , the risk of leakage remains high . Roux-en-Y anastomosis is other therapeutic option .

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