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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the effect and mechanism of Jiaotai Pill (, JTP) on insomniac rats.@*METHODS@#The insomniac model was established by intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). In behavioral experiments, rats were divided into control, insomniac model, JTP [3.3 g/(kg•d)], and diazepam [4 mg/(kg•d)] groups. The treatment effect of JTP was evaluated by weight measurement (increasement of body weight), open field test (number of crossings) and forced swimming test (immobility time). A high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was built to determine the concentration of monoamine transmitters in hypothalamus and peripheral organs from normal, model, JTP, citalopram [30 mg/(kg•d)], maprotiline [40 mg/(kg•d)] and bupropion [40 mg/(kg•d)] groups. Expressions of serotonin transporter (SERT), dopamine transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot in normal, model and JTP groups. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established to determine the pharmacokinetics, urine cumulative excretion of metformin in vivo, and tissue slice uptake in vitro, which were applied to assess the activity of organic cation transporters (OCTs) in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the insomniac model group, the body weight and spontaneous locomotor were increased, and the immobility time was decreased after treatment with JTP (P<0.01). Both serotonin and dopamine contents in hypothalamus and peripheral organs were increased (P<0.01). The norepinephrine content was increased in peripheral organs and decreased in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the same time, SERT, DAT, OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 were down-regulated in hypothalamus and peripheral organs (P<0.05). NET was down-regulated in peripheral organs and up-regulated in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, the activity of OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs was inhibited (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JTP alleviates insomnia through regulation of monoaminergic system and OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876476

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the death characteristics and the potential years of life lost from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among residents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai from 2002 to 2019, so as to provide a reference for formulating corresponding prevention and control strategies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods The death data of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was extracted from the Pudong New Area's death surveillance system. Crude mortality, age-standardized mortality, potential years of life lost (PYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL) and annual percent change (APC) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease deaths were calculated to analyze the situation of COPD death in Pudong New Area. Results The crude mortality and age-standardized mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among residents in Pudong New Area between 2002 and 2019 were 64.94/100,000 and 21.04/100 000, respectively. The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease showed a downward trend (APC=-2.05%, Z=- 5.342, P<0.001), and the standardized mortality rate decreased year by year (APC=-6.23%, Z=-13.052, P<0.001). The crude mortality and age-standardized rates in male residents were both higher than those in females (Z-crude mortality=46.471, P<0.001, Z-standardized mortality=-48.961, P<0.001). The PYLL of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was 16,997 years, the PYLL rate was 0.34‰, and the AYLL was 0.53 years per person. Conclusion From 2002 to 2019, the mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among residents in Pudong New Area was relatively high and caused serious life loss. Both crude mortality and age-standardized rate showed a downward trend during the study period. Comprehensive prevention and control measures should be further developed.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1439-1443, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887081

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method was established for the quantification of the genotoxic impurities bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride and 1-(3-chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride in trazodone hydrochloride. The chromatographic separation of the two genotoxic impurities was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) at 20 ℃. A mixture of 5 mmol·L-1 ammonium hydrogen carbonate aqueous solution and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1 in gradient elution mode was employed as mobile phase. The UPLC-MS/MS was equipped with electrospray ionization in positive ionization mode and adopted multiple reaction monitoring mode. We found that the calibration curves of the two genotoxic impurities were linear in the range of 0.1-10 ng·mL-1. The limit of detection was 0.10 ng·mL-1 for bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride and the average recovery was 101.53% (RSD = 4.06%). The limit of detection was 0.01 ng·mL-1 for 1-(3-chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride and the average recovery was 97.95% (RSD = 1.27%). The sample solution was stable for 24 h. No bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride was detected in the samples, and the content of 1-(3-chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride in the samples was within the limit. This research provides a method to improve the quality control standards of trazadone.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the auxiliary 3D rapid prototyping technology of adult penis virtual surgery simulation on the basis of the force feedback, thus to improve the success rate of surgery, to reduce complications and to ensure the operation safety and reliability.Methods:Twenty cases of Inner Mongolia adult male (20-50 years old) were selected from January 2009 to December 2015 in the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital. The two-dimensional CT data from the iliac crest edge to edge of penis continuously were input into the computer to reconstruct 3D penis and adjacent structure model using Magics Rapid-prototyping software. Under the Free Form system, digital virtual simulation reconstructive surgery was carried out based on force feedback device for adult penis.Results:Using Free Form system, virtual plastic and reconstructive surgery was carried on the adult penis, which could be used for penis optional operation, the three dimensional model for quantitative operation design to choose the best surgical approach. This technique provided a new technical means to avoid complications happened.Conclusions:Penis RP model can accurately reflect the complex anatomical characteristics and the internal space of the area adjacent to the relationship, based on force feedback, make the performer from the visual, auditory and tactile perception to simulate procedures for accurate adult penile reconstructive surgery and to improve clinical application value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a newly modified surgical approach and explore the clinical efficacy of en bloc kidney transplantation from deceased infant donors to adults.Methods:Four cases of en bloc kidney transplantation from deceased infant donor to adult were performed with a new modified surgical approach in renal transplantation and dialysis center of the Second People's Hospital of Shanxi Province from January 2017 to September 2019. All 4 cases were cardiac death donors. There were 3 males and 1 female donors, aged (54 ± 22.69) d and weighing (5.6 ± 0.79) kg. There were 1 male and 3 female recipients, aged (41.5 ± 5.97) years and weighing (45 ± 3.56) kg. For lowering operative difficulties and preventing hemodynamic disturbances, bilateral kidneys were sutured and fixed during trimming. Then end-to-side anastomosis was performed between donor kidney abdominal aortic valve and recipient external iliac artery and between donor renal inferior vena cava valve and recipient external iliac vein.Results:All operations were successful without vascular or urinary complication. The average duration of donor kidney repair was 20 min and the average duration of transplantation 68.75 min. The functions of transplanted kidney recovered well during a follow-up period of 12 months. The long-term survivals of recipient and transplanted kidney were satisfactory.Conclusions:The newly modified surgical approach of en bloc kidney transplantation from deceased infant donor to adult has optimized operative handling. With a higher success rate, vascular complications are lowered. A wider popularization is recommended.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884247

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric fracture is the most common hip fracture. Due to severe osteoporosis and high degree of fracture comminution, initial implant failure or nonunion occasionally occurs. It is still controversial how to formulate a more effective strategy for revision and fixation after failed primary operation for patients who have high functional needs and/or long-life expectancy. Common surgical procedures include angle-stabilized extramedullary plate systems (dynamic condylar screw or dynamic hip screw), cephalomedullary nail systems (proximal femoral nail antirotation, InterTAN, and trochanteric fixation nail advanced) with/without medial augmentation plate. For patients with intertrochanteric fracture who have suffered from primary operation failure, the basic principle for revision is to mechanically reconstruct the stable triangular structure of the proximal femur in order to improve the mechanical stability of the fracture ends as much as possible so that fracture healing and early functional exercise can be ensured. This paper reviews the clinical and biomechanical studies published, analyzes the mechanical factors responsible for failure of initial surgery, summarizes revision strategy and clinical prognosis, and provides our clinical experience and technical innovations, hoping to help clinicians in choosing an optimal revision strategy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the changes in the gene expression profile of T cells in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation expression, and to explore the molecular mechanism of T cell reactivation after transgenic up-regulation of TCRζ.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) from 3 newly untreated chronic-stage CML patients were collected, and the CD3@*RESULTS@#A total of 2248 differentially-expressed genes were obtained, including 553 up-regulated genes and 1695 down-regulated genes in experimental group as compared with those in control group (P<0.05) . The GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that differentially expressed genes involved in the biological processes related to T cell immune function, such as TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation and activation. Some of core genes involved in promoting the TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation, activation and apoptosis pathways were significantly up-regulated, while some core genes involved in inhibiting T cell activation were significantly down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#The molecular mechanism of the significantly improved T cell activation and proliferation ability in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation may be related to the differential transcripts mediated signaling pathways of T cell activation, proliferation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Lymphocyte Activation , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Up-Regulation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878960

ABSTRACT

Two new sucrose cinnamates(1 and 2) along with nine known compounds(3-11) were isolated from ethanol extract of Polygonum lapathifolium var. salicifolium by silica gel column chromatography, ODS column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods including 1 D-and 2 D-NMR experiments, as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. Eleven compounds(7 sucrose cinnamates, 3 phenylpropanoids and 1 lactone) were obtained and their structures were identified as(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside(1),(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-acetyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(2),(3-O-feruloyl)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-p-coumaroyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(3), hydropiperoside(4), vanicoside C(5),(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-feruloyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(6), vanicoside B(7),trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester(8), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid ethyl ester(9), methyl ferulate(10) and dimethoxydimethylphthalide(11), respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 were two new sucrose cinnamates, and compounds 1-11 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antioxidant activities of the isolated compounds 1-9 were investigated by an oxygen radical absorbance capacity(ORAC) assay, and all nine compounds were found to show strong antioxidant activities. Among them, compound 6(10 μmol·L~(-1)) was the supreme one in antioxidant activities, with its ORAC value equivalent to(1.60±0.05) times of 50 μmol·L~(-1) Trolox.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Cinnamates , Esters , Molecular Structure , Polygonum , Sucrose
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888185

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the protective effect of total triterpenoids from Chaenomeles speciosa against Helicobacter pylori(Hp)-induced gastritis in mice and explored its possible mechanism. The chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG) model mice were randomly divided into four groups of model, total triterpenoids from C. speciosa(50 and 100 mg·kg~(-1)) and triple therapy, with C57 BL/6 J mice without Hp infection taken as the normal group. Mice in the treatment groups were given corresponding drugs once a day for 4 weeks. Then the following indexes were detected: the contents of reactive oxygen species(ROS), monocyte chemotactic protein 1(MCP-1), keratinocyte chemokines(KC), TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, the activities and contents of LDH, MPO, SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and MDA in gastric tissue and the activities of β-glucuronidase, β-galactosidase, cathepsins B and D in blood, gastric tissue and lysosome. Besides, the mRNA expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88), Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax and Bad in gastric tissue were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, p-IKKβ, p-IκBα, NOD-like receptor 3(NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein(ASC), pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, thioredoxin-interacting protein(TXNIP), pro-IL-1β, pro-IL-18, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax, Bad, cytochrome C, apoptotic protease-activating factor-1(Apaf-1), pro-caspase-9, pro-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1(PARP-1), cleaved-PARP-1 and cytosol and nucleus NF-κB p65 in gastric tissue. The results indicated that the total triterpenoids from C. speciosa significantly suppressed Hp proliferation, alleviated the damage to gastric mucosa and improved lymphocyte infiltration and gland atrophy. They were also effective in reducing the activities of β-glucuronidase, β-galactosidase, cathepsins B and D in blood and gastric tissue, elevating the activities of β-glucuronidase and cathepsin D in lysosomal organelles, decreasing the contents of ROS, MCP-1, KC, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18 in blood, MDA content and MPO and LDH activities in gastric tissue and increasing the contents of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px in gastric tissue. Other phenomena were also observed after the treatment with total triterpenoids from C. speciosa, including the down-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, Bax and Bad, the protein expression levels of p-IKKβ, p-IκBα, NLRP3, ASC, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, TXNIP, pro-IL-1β, pro-IL-18, cytochrome C, Apaf-1, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-PARP-1 and nuclear NF-κB p65, reduction of p-IKKβ/IKKβ and p-IκBα/IκBα ratios and up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, up-regulation of pro-caspase-9, pro-caspace-3, cytosol NF-κB p65 protein expression levels and Bcl-2/Bax and Bcl-xl/Bad ratios in gastric tissue. These aforementioned results suggest that the total triterpenoids from C. speciosa have significant protective effects against CAG induced by Hp, and its mechanism may be related to enhancing the function of endogenous antioxidant system, suppressing the oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction induced by Hp, correcting lysosomal dysfunction and inflammatory activation of TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway and thus inhibiting mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastritis/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , Rosaceae , Triterpenes
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878421

ABSTRACT

Oral-maxillofacial hard tissue is the support of maxillofacial structure and appearance, and lays the foundation for functions of oral and maxillofacial system. Once the defect occurs, it will not only affect the physiological functions such as chewing and pronunciation, but also have a significant impact on the psychological and social life of patients. However, the self-repairing capability of the oral-maxillofacial hard tissue is pretty limited, in which case, substitute materials are required for tissue repair. A huge gap exists between the physical, chemical, structural characteristics of conventional substitute materials and those of human hard tissues, resulting in poor repair effect. Based on this, scholars simulated the process of biomineralization in the development of hard tissues, to improve the structure and function of materials through biomimetic mineralization technology and enhance the repair performance of materials. The current understanding of biomineralization theory and the construction of biomimetic repair technology is still in the stage of rapid development. In recent years, a mass of innovative studies are keeping emerging. In this review, the representative advances in the repair of oral-maxillofacial hard tissues of the past five years are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Biomimetics , Humans
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) model rabbits and its impacts on the chondrocyte apoptosis rate and the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and nitric oxide (NO). Methods: According to the random number table method, 30 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into a normal group (n=9) and a modeling group (n=21). Rabbits in the modeling group were used to establish KOA models with the modified Hulth method. At the 8th week, three rabbits were sacrificed to verify the model and the remaining 18 rabbits were randomly divided into a model group (n=9) and an intervention group (n=9). Rabbits in the normal group and model group were bred routinely without any intervention. Rabbits in the intervention group were treated with the sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations, 10 min/time, once every other day for a total of 20 times. The Lequesne MG knee function rating was used to evaluate the behavioral differences of the rabbits in each group. The Pelletier score was used to evaluate the general changes of the rabbits. The Mankin score was used to evaluate the pathology of knee cartilages. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and nitrate reductase methods were used to determine the levels of IL-1β and NO in serum and synovial fluid of each group, respectively. In situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick and labeling method was used to determine the apoptosis of chondrocytes in each group. Results: Compared with the normal group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, and the levels of IL-1β and NO in the model group were increased (P<0.05), which indirectly indicated the success of the model. Compared with the model group, the scores of Lequesne MG, Pelletier and Mankin, IL-1β and NO levels, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate of the intervention group were decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The sinew-regulating bone-setting manipulations can reduce the levels of IL-1β, NO, and chondrocyte apoptosis rate, and delay the articular cartilage degeneration, therefore, having a good therapeutic effect on KOA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912838

ABSTRACT

Cloud technology and the Internet of things ( IOT) technology can be used in building the patient-centered critical care medical information platform.The platform could inenable medical staff to efficiently obtain critical care medical information, and raise critical patients′ cure rates. The authors introduced the critical process of rapidly building and improving the urgent care medical information integration platform in a campus of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical School.The IOT platform could effectively interconnect a variety of critical care medical equipments, and features such functions as vital signs monitoring and life support, bedside treatment data retrieval, remote diagnosis and treatment, and cloud sharing. The platform featured the advantages of complete information integration, fast construction, and satisfactory system extensibility. It could improve the medical work efficiency, improve the effect of critical care, and reduce the frequency of contact with patients, hence providing references for rapidly establishing a vital care treatment platform for public health events.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1350-1360, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of enhanced MRI in the outcome of prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation through a retrospective analysis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the data of 64 patients with prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation from January 2015 to December 2018, including 38 males and 26 females; age 35.72±12.44 years (range, 22-64 years) ; 43 cases of prolapsed type, 21 cases of sequestrated type. Conservative treatment was the first choice for all patients, in case of surgical indications during the treatment, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy or fenestration discectomy will be performed. Enhanced MRI was performed at the first and last inspections, the volume of the protrusion, the thickness of rim enhancement (Tr), and the extent of rim enhancement (Er) were measured and calculated at the same time. According to the ring around the protrusion, the size of the rim-enhancement area was divided into type I-III; then compared the relationship between the rim-enhancement signal differentiation and the resorption rate of protrusions, and the correlation between Tr, Er values and the resorption rate of protrusions during the initial inspection.Results:Among the 64 patients, 42 patients completed conservative treatment, and 22 received surgical treatment. According to the rim-enhancement signal differentiation, 23 cases were treated conservatively for type I, 3 cases were treated by surgery; 16 cases were treated for type II conservatively, 7 cases were treated by surgery; 3 cases were treated for type III conservatively, and 12 cases were treated by surgery. All patients were followed up for 12 to 34 months. Among 42 conservatively treated patients, The volume of the protrusion before treatment was 2 645.67±690.86 mm 3, and the volume of the protrusion after treatment was 842.76±573.35 mm 3. The volume of protrusions before and after treatment was statistical significance ( t=11.897, P<0.001), Tr was 1.38±0.83 mm, and Er was 73.08%±34.39%, the resorption rate of protrusions was 65.10%±24.50%, and 39 cases (92.86%, 39/42) reached the standard for protrusion resorption (resorption rate ≥30%); 23 cases of type I , the resorption rate was 76.54%±18.62%; 16 cases of type II had an resorption rate of 56.81%±21.44%; 3 cases of type III had an resorption rate of 21.58%±12.19%. The resorption rate of type III were compared by single factor analysis of variance, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=12.885, P<0.001); 32 cases of both type I and II (82.05%, 32/39) had significant resorption (resorption rate ≥50%), and no case of type Ⅲ had significant resorption, comparing with type I and II, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.010); Tr was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.569, P<0.001), Er was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.677, P<0.001). Conclusion:Under close clinical observation, parts of the prolapsed or sequestrated lumbar disc herniations can be conservatively treated, and the herniated disc can be resorption in many people and the clinical symptoms were alleviated. Rim-enhancement signal differentiation by enhanced MR has a better predictive value for the outcome of the herniation, type I is more prone to resorption, preferred conservative treatment, type Ⅲ is not easy to resorption, preferred surgery treatment, and the higher thickness of rim enhancement, the greater extend the rim-enhancement, the more prone to resorption phenomenon.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 339-346, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the curative effect of triangular mechanical reconstruction in revision of failed fixation of intertrochanteric factures.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted for data of 11 patients with failed treatment of intertrochanteric fractures treated at First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019, including 7 males and 4 females, aged 41-75 years [(57.9±11.4)years]. The patients underwent revision surgery to achieve mechanical reconstruction of the proximal femoral triangular structure by two different implants. Among them, 6 patients were fixed using the dynamic condylar screw (DCS) combined with anteromedial plate and 5 patients were fixed using the cephalomedullary nail combined with anteromedial plate. The fracture healing rate and time, neck-shaft angle, neck anteversion angle and complications were detected. The lower extremity functional scale (LEFS), short form 12 health survey questionnaire (SF-12) and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured at postoperative 6 and 12 months to evaluate functional recovery and quality of life.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-45 months [(19.1±10.8)months]. The fracture healing rate was 100%, with the healing time of 3-8 months [(4.7±1.8)months]. Compared with the unaffected limb, the neck-shaft angle and neck anteversion angle of the affected side were reduced ( P>0.05), and no secondary fracture reduction loss occurred before healing ( P>0.05). There were no postoperative complications such as femoral head avascular necrosis and implant failure. The LEFS score was (44.7±8.2)points at postoperative 12 months, significantly improved compared with that at postoperative 6 months [(61.6±10.4)points] ( P<0.05). The VAS was 1.5 (0, 2)points at postoperative 12 months, significantly decreased compared with that at postoperative 6 months [3.5(2, 4)points] ( P<0.05). The SF-12 score in physical state [(42.5±9.0)points] and mental state [(55.7±5.7)points] were also significantly improved compared with those at postoperative 6 months [(30.0±6.4)points, (43.6±6.2)points] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Based on the characteristics of structural mechanics of the proximal femur, the DCS or cephalomedullary nail combined with anteromedial plate used to construct a triangular stable structure can achieve stable fracture reduction and maintenance reduction, relieve pain and improve function recovery as well as quality of life. This may provide an optimized revision strategy for failed fixation of intertrochanteric fractures.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 680-684,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907504

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on clinical data, establish and verify the prediction model of hyponatremia after craniocerebral trauma.Methods:Through retrospective analysis of 226 patients with traumatic brain injury who were eligible for inclusion in Department of Neurosurgery, Qingpu Branch, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from June 2019 to January 2021. After 6 months of follow-up, the patients were divided into the hyponatremia group ( n=81) and the normal group ( n=145) according to their blood sodium level. Various factors that may be related to the occurrence of hyponatremia were analyzed. Logistic multivariate regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of patients with hyponatremia, the best cut-off point of was determined by the characteristic curve (ROC), and the nomogram prediction model was established and verified based on the independent risk factors of patients with hyponatremia. Results:Patients in the normal blood sodium group were(40.33±15.32) years old, 87 cases (60.00%) of cerebral contusion, 3 cases (2.07%) of intraventricular hemorrhage, 15 cases (10.34%) of cerebral hernia, 35 cases (24.14%) of GCS score <6 and 110 cases (75.86%) of GCS score ≥6; In the hyponatremia group, patients were (47.17±16.03) years old, with 65 cases (80.25%) of cerebral contusion, 7 cases (8.64%) of intraventricular hemorrhage, 19 cases (23.46%) of cerebral hernia, 44 cases (54.32%) of GCS score <6 and 37 cases (45.68%) of GCS score ≥6, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis found that increasing age, ventricular hemorrhage, cerebral herniation, elevated ADH and GCS score <6 were all independent risk factors for patients with hyponatremia( OR=2.287, 2.531, 1.344, 1.387, 1.582; 95% CI: 1.945-2.628, 1.338-3.723, 1.256-1.431, 1.013-1.761, 1.233-1.931; P<0.05). The GCS score predicts that the area under the ROC curve for patients with hyponatremia was 0.795, the cut-off point was 6 points, the sensitivity was 95.00%, and the specificity was 64.30%. A nomogram model was constructed to predict patients with hyponatremia based on independent risk factors, in which the C-index calculation result and ROC curve AUC were 0.798 (95% CI: 0.751-0.842) and 0.815 (95% CI: 0.767-0.877), respectively, indicating a good degree of discrimination; Calibration curve evaluation results showed that the model has good consistency. Conclusion:GCS score is an independent risk factor that affects whether patients with craniocerebral trauma are complicated by hyponatremia. It has a good predictive value for whether this type of patients is complicated by hyponatremia, which is conducive to early identification and intervention of patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906616

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and the potential years of life lost of gynecological malignant tumors among female residents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai between 2002 and 2019. Methods Crude mortality rate (CMR), age-standardized mortality rate (SMR), potential years of life lost (PYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL) and annual percent change (APC) of the cervical cancer,uterine cancer and ovarian cancer deaths were calculated to analyze the mortality situation of gynecological malignant tumors among female residents in Pudong New Area. Results The crude mortality rate were 2.65/100 000, 2.44/100 000 , 4.55/100 000, and age-standardized mortality rate were 1.33/100 000, 1.06/100 000, 2.26/100 000, respectively, among female residents in Pudong New Area during 2002 to 2019. In the study period, both the crude mortality rate and the age-standardized mortality rate of cervical cancer rose over the years; Both the crude mortality rate and the age-standardized mortality rate of uterine cancer kept stable; The crude mortality rate of ovarian cancer showed an upward trend, and the age-standardized mortality rate kept stable. The PYLL of cervical cancer was 7335 years, the PYLL rate was 0.30‰, and the AYLL was 11.20 years per person; The PYLL of uterine cancer was 3556 years, the PYLL rate was 0.14‰, and the AYLL was 5.90 years per person; The PYLL of uterine cancer was 10017 years, the PYLL rate was 0.41‰, and the AYLL was 8.91 years per person. Conclusion The mortality rate of cervical cancer and ovarian cancer rose over years, and the mortality of uterine cancer kept stable among female residents in Pudong New Area during 2002 to 2019. The gynecological malignant tumors caused severe disease burden.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906225

ABSTRACT

With advanced brewing technology and contemporary table culture, alcohol drinking, which can be traced back to Dukang wine in the Xia dynasty, is very common in China. However, excessive alcohol intake can easily cause alcohol liver damage, ranging from abdominal pain and venous thrombosis to severe hypoglycemia and fat embolism, coma shock and even life-threatening cases. Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a cool property and sweet taste, with functions of antipyretic, promoting the secretion of saliva or body fluid, rash and hangover alleviation, and so on. It was first recorded in Shen Nong's Materia Medica and has been listed as a special anti-alcoholic medicine in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times. For example, the ancient medical book Compendium of Materia Medica and other records claim that Puerariae Lobatae Radix has the effect of relieving alcohol and protecting the liver. At the same time, Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a long history in both medicine and food. It was listed in the List of Articles That Both Serve as Food and Medicine published by the National Health Commission. Therefore, there are many products containing pueraria for hangover and liver protection. Prior to this, many scholars have carried out relevant researches on the anti-alcoholism efficacy of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, but there is a lack of systematic summaries. The author has consulted relevant domestic and foreign literatures in recent years. The related products were summarized and it was found that the anti-alcoholic effect of pueraria root mainly came from puerarin, pueraria flavonoids and pueraria polysaccharide, puerarin polypeptide, pueraria daidzein and its derivatives, including the main mechanisms such as inhibiting alcohol absorption, accelerating metabolism, anti-oxidation, protection of liver and cardiomyocytes, and neuroprotection. Related products are abundant and well evaluated, but research on related genes needs to be deepened. This article reviews the main anti-alcoholic components, mechanism of action and related products of pueraria, and puts forward suggestions for future research directions, hoping to provide reference for further related research.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906008

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil is widely distributed in Chinese medicinal materials with complex chemical components. The main components are terpenes, aromatics, aliphatics, and nitrogen and sulfur containing. It has a variety of pharmacological activities. Such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-aging and so on. It is widely used in medical and health care, agricultural efficiency enhancement, and daily products. In recent years, there have been a large number of studies on the pain relief of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) essential oils, but there is no systematic generalization. The author found that the mechanism of TCM essential oils to exert analgesic effects mainly includes regulation of the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antispasmodic and analgesic effects by consulting Chinese and foreign literatures in recent years, but the exact mechanism needs to be further verified. This article reviews the research progress of TCM essential oil pain relief from the aspects of pain classification, generation, analgesic mechanism and combination of other technologies, in order to provide reference for related research in the future.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To select and evaluate new Chinese herbal prescription for the treatment of decreased ovarian reserve (DOR) and its appropriate dosage. Method:The literature concerning the treatment of DOR with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was retrieved from such databases as Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, and Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), based on which a database was established using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS) V2.5. The data mining was then carried out to obtain the core combinations of Chinese herbs and new Chinese herbal prescription combinations, followed by the determination of the new Chinese herbal prescription by expert group discussion for experiment evaluation. The female SD rats were divided into the normal group, DOR model group, Kuntai capsule group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose new Chinese herbal prescription groups, with 12 rats in each group. Rats in the Kuntai capsule group and low-, medium-, and high-dose new Chinese herbal prescription groups were treated with Kuntai capsule solution (0.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> determined according to the dosage in the instruction) and 3.037 5, 6.075, and 9.12 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> new Chinese herbal prescription, respectively. After 21 days, the estrous cycle was observed by vaginal exfoliated cell smear, and the ovarian structure was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estrogen (E<sub>2</sub>) contents as well as the reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in ovary were detected using biochemical methods. Result:The new Chinese herbal prescription subjected to experimental evaluation was composed of 11 Chinese herbs, namely Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata 20 g, Cervi Cornus Colla 12 g, Lycii Fructus 20 g, Corni Fructus 12 g, Albiziae Cortex 9 g, Nelumbinis Plumula 3 g, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma 20 g, Astragali Radix 30 g, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma 12 g, Dioscoreae Rhizoma 30 g, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle 6 g. Compared with the model group, the Kuntai capsule group and medium- and high-dose new Chinese herbal prescription groups exhibited significantly improved estrous cycle and follicular development, elevated serum AMH and E<sub>2</sub> and ovarian GSH (<italic>P</italic><0.05), decreased serum FSH and LH (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and ovarian ROS and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and enhanced SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There were no significant differences in the above-mentioned indexes between the Kuntai capsule group and the middle- and high-dose new Chinese herbal prescription groups, but the estrous cycle and follicular development were better in the latter two groups. Conclusion:The new Chinese herbal prescription screened by data mining is able to enhance ovarian antioxidation, promote follicular development, ameliorate serum hormone and estrous cycle, and effectively improve ovarian reserve function in DOR rats. The medium dose (6.075 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) has been proved optimal.

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