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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of emotional intelligence and conflict management model of emergency department nurses, analyze the correlation between emotional intelligence and conflict management model.Methods:A convenient sampling method was used to investigate on 195 emergency department nurses with general information scale, emotional intelligence scale and conflict management model scale.Results:In the emergency department, the emotional intelligence score of the nurses from high to low was regulation of emotion (3.71±0.67), self-emotion detection (3.55±0.67), use of emotional (3.49±0.70), other people ′s emotion appraisal (3.39±0.60). The most commonly used conflict management mode was integration (3.78±0.62), followed by concession (3.59±0.63), evasion (3.55±0.64), compromise (3.39±0.66), and the least commonly used was dominance (2.55±0.56). Every dimensions of emotional intelligence were correlated with conflict management model positively ( r values were 0.109-0.523, P<0.05 or 0.01), the top predictive factor was emotion detection. Conclusions:The emotional intelligence is an important factor influencing the conflict management mode of nurses in emergency department. Managers should pay attention to improve emergency nurses ′ emotional intelligence and guide them to adopt appropriate conflict management model, which will help alleviate the contradiction between emergency nurses and patients and create a more harmonious emergency care relationship.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863681

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the clinical research literature of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in recent years. It is believed that TCM has curative effect in the treatment of acute exacerbation or remission of COPD. The treatment principle for acute stage of COPD includes phlegm, heat and dampness, and the chronic stage lung, spleen and kidney. TCM can improve the clinical symptoms and quality of life, with various treatments and less adverse reactions. However, there are some limitations such as small sample size, lack of in-depth discussion on the mechanism of trwatment, lack of standardized syndrome differentiation and outcomes evaluation standards.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863560

ABSTRACT

To review the literatures on the treatment of COPD combined with anxiety and depression treated by TCM in recent years, which conclude that to treat this kind of disease is usually by taking drugs, as well as non-drug therapy such as traditional Chinese exercises, acupuncture and massage, and music, etc, which could improve patients unhealthy emotions and quality of life. The recent clinical researches on TCM treatment has been increased, but the overall number of the research of this kind is limited, with problems such as small sample size, singular observing indicator, and requiring multi-center research. There still lacks related basic research and needs more attention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799250

ABSTRACT

To review the literatures on the treatment of COPD combined with anxiety and depression treated by TCM in recent years, which conclude that to treat this kind of disease is usually by taking drugs, as well as non-drug therapy such as traditional Chinese exercises, acupuncture and massage, and music, etc, which could improve patients unhealthy emotions and quality of life. The recent clinical researches on TCM treatment has been increased, but the overall number of the research of this kind is limited, with problems such as small sample size, singular observing indicator, and requiring multi-center research. There still lacks related basic research and needs more attention.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810531

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between anthropometric indices and the incident risk of hypertension, compare novel anthropometric indices with traditional indices in hypertension prediction and establish hypertension prediction models among elderly Chinese.@*Methods@#A total of 27 009 retirees from the Dongfeng Motor Corporation were recruited at baseline in 2008 and the first follow-up was conducted in 2013. After the exclusion of participants less than 60 years old, participants with hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, and those with missing data, a total of 6 784 elderly participants were enrolled in this study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between traditional anthropometric indices, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), novel anthropometric indices, visceral adiposity index (VAI), body shape index (ABSI), body roundness index (BRI), and the incident risk of hypertension. Meanwhile, a multivariate logistic regression model was used to establish hypertension prediction models. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to compare the prediction ability of different models.@*Results@#A total of 1 787 incident cases of hypertension were identified, with the incidence of hypertension about 27.59%. Significant positive associations were detected between BMI, WC, WHtR, VAI, BRI and the incident risk of hypertension after adjusting for potential confounders (all P values<0.05). In men, the OR (95%CI) (upper tertile vs lower tertile) was 1.45 (1.22-1.73) for VAI, and 1.86 (1.55-2.23) for BRI. In women, the OR (95% CI) (upper tertile vs lower tertile) was 1.55 (1.22-1.96) for VAI, and 1.60 (1.27-2.01) for BRI. For ABSI, no significant association was observed in either men (OR (95%CI): 1.07 (0.90-1.28)) or women (OR (95%CI): 1.03 (0.82-1.29), both P values >0.05). The basic hypertension prediction model included age, drinking (only in men), education status (only in men), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and fasting blood glucose levels. Based on the basic prediction model, BMI (in men: AUC=0.697) and BRI (only in men: AUC=0.696) improved area under ROC curve (AUC) significantly (P<0.05). BMI was the strongest predictor in both men (AUC=0.697) and women (AUC=0.685) in the extended model.@*Conclusion@#Significant positive associations were detected between BMI, WC, WHtR, VAI, BRI and the incident risk of hypertension among elderly Chinese. BMI was the strongest predictor in hypertension prediction model compared with other anthropometric indices.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1131-1133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779980

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to study the chemical constituents from bulbil of Dioscorea opposite Thunb.. Four compounds were isolated by silica gel column chromatography. On the basis of physic-chemical characters and spectroscopic data analysis, these compounds were identified as lyzalkaloid (3,4-dihydro-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-6H-pyrido[6,5-b]indol-5(1H)-one) (1), anoectochine (2), ginsenine (3), and 2-hydroxy-3-(1H-indol-3-yl) propanoic acid methyl ester (4). Compound 1 is a new indole alkaloid, named as lyzalkaloid. Compounds 2-4 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The cytotoxic activities were assessed by MTT assay. All compounds exhibited the cytotoxic activity against HepG2 and MDA-231 with IC50 values of over 100 μmol·L-1, respectively. All compounds show no significant cytotoxic activities against HepG2, MDA-231 cancer cell.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 74-84, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777079

ABSTRACT

To investigate the behavioral and biomolecular similarity between neuralgia and depression, a trigeminal neuralgia (TN) mouse model was established by constriction of the infraorbital nerve (CION) to mimic clinical trigeminal neuropathic pain. A mouse learned helplessness (LH) model was developed to investigate inescapable foot-shock-induced psychiatric disorders like depression in humans. Mass spectrometry was used to assess changes in the biomolecules and signaling pathways in the hippocampus from TN or LH mice. TN mice developed not only significant mechanical allodynia but also depressive-like behaviors (mainly behavioral despair) at 2 weeks after CION, similar to LH mice. MS analysis demonstrated common and distinctive protein changes in the hippocampus between groups. Many protein function families (such as cell-to-cell signaling and interaction, and cell assembly and organization,) and signaling pathways (e.g., the Huntington's disease pathway) were involved in chronic neuralgia and depression. Together, these results demonstrated that the LH and TN models both develop depressive-like behaviors, and revealed the involvement of many psychiatric disorder-related biomolecules/pathways in the pathogenesis of TN and LH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Avoidance Learning , Physiology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Depression , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Electroshock , Functional Laterality , Helplessness, Learned , Hindlimb Suspension , Psychology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Orbit , Pain Measurement , Proteomics , Methods , Reaction Time , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Trigeminal Neuralgia , Pathology
10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1912-1914,1928, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between lumbar physiological curvature and Pfirrmann grading of lumbar intervertebral disc in young patients with lower lumbar pain.Methods 1 1 1 cases with lower lumbar pain were analyzed retrospectively by lumbar MRI examination.The MRI image was reviewed by two radiologists,and the degree of lumbar physiological curvature and lumbar disc degeneration were observed.Chi square test was applied to the statistical results.Results Final analysis was performed on 300 discs in 60 cases of patients with lumbar physiological curvature straightening.Among them,209 were grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ(70%),45 grade Ⅲ(15%),35 grade Ⅳ(11%)and 11 grade Ⅴ(4%)in Pfirrmann grading.In total of 255 discs of 51 cases with normal physiological curvature of the spine,there were 212 (83%)of Pfirrmann grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ,22 of grade Ⅲ(9%),19 of grade Ⅳ(7%)and 2 of grade Ⅴ(1 %).There was statistical difference between the lumbar physiological curvature straightening and the normal lumbar physiological curvature group (P< 0.05).The proportions of degeneration of Ⅰ-Ⅱ in the lumbar physiological curvature group was lower than that in normal lumbar curvature group,while the proportions of gradeⅢ,ⅣandⅤdegeneration in the lumbar physiological curvature group were higher than that in normal lumbar curvature group.Conclusion Stratification lumbar physiologic curvature is an important factor for lumbar disc degeneration and easy to cause Pfirrmann gradeⅣ-Ⅴdegeneration in young patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513523

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of electroacupuncture at the beginning and ending points of bicipital muscle on the superficial electromyography (sEMG) of the spastic limb in hemiplegia.Method Forty patients with spastic hemiplegia after cerebral stroke were divided by the random number table into a group of electroacupuncture at the beginning and ending points (group A) and a group of electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscles (group B). The former selected Ashi points at the beginning and ending points of bicipital muscle, while the latter selected points at the antagonistic muscles [Tianjing (TE10), Qinglingyuan (TE11), etc.], to receive perpendicular puncturing. The needles were retained for 30 min, and the sEMG of bicipital muscles in resting state was detected after the removal of the needles. The spastic bicipital muscle was examined by sEMG prior to the acupuncture treatment, and respectively after 2-week and 4-week acupuncture treatment, and the detected parameters included root mean square (RMS) and integrated electromyography (IEMG).ResultThe EMG and IEMG declined gradually in the two groups after the acupuncture treatment; the intra-group comparisons of the RMS and IEMG values at three time points, e.g. prior to acupuncture treatment, after 2-week acupuncture treatment and after 4-weekacupuncture treatment, showed that the values changed significantly compared to those at the previous time point (P0.05). The RMS and IEMG values presented same changing tendencies after 4-week acupuncture treatment in the two groups.ConclusionAcupuncture at the beginning and ending points and at the points on antagonistic muscles both can decrease the resting-state muscle tension in hemiplegia patients; sEMG is of certain significance in evaluating the treatment of hemiplegia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 393-398, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620977

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and its clinical significance of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by detecting the expression of IgG4 in the serum and intestinal mucosa of patients with IBD.Methods From March 2015 to August 2016,68 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC),132 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 52 healthy controls were collected.The serum levels of IgG4 were detected by immunonephelometry.The expression of IgG4 in intestinal mucosa was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.Five high power fields (HPF) were randomly selected in each specimen.C-reaction protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of patients with UC,patients with CD and healthy controls were detected.The extent of disease,clinical type,disease activity scores (UC scored by Mayo score system,CD scored by Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI)) and current treatment were collected.The correlation between IgG4 expression and CRP,ESR,Mayo score and CDAI were analyzed.Independent sample t test,Chi square test and Pearson's correlation were performed for statistical analysis.Results The results of immunonephelometry indicated that the serum levels of IgG4 of patients with UC,CD and healthy controls were (0.79±-0.61),(0.69±0.59) and (0.41±0.32) g/L,respectively;all were lower than standard level 1.35 g/L.The results of immunohistochemistry revealed that the number of IgG4 positive cells in the colonic mucosa of active UC and CD patients were higher than that of healthy controls ((15.42±12.47)/HPF,(18.65±12.46)/HPF and (4.71±4.14)/HPF),and the differences were statistically significant (t=5.392 and 8.450,both P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in mucosal IgG4 expression between UC,CD patients at remission phase and healthy controls ((4.72±4.23)/HPF,(5.30±4.87)/HPF and (4.71±4.14)/HPF,both P>0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in mucosal IgG4 expression between UC and CD patients at active phase and remission phase (both P>0.05).The case number of active patients,CRP,ESR and Mayo scores of IgG4 positive UC patients were all higher than those of IgG4 negative group(x2 =5.499,t=2.811,3.471 and 4.676;all P<0.05).The number of active patients,CRP,ESR and CDAI of IgG4 positive CD patients were all higher than those of IgG4 negative group(x2 =4.341,t=3.842,3.892 and 2.935,all P< 0.05).In UC patients,the number of IgG4 positive cells was positively correlated with CRP,ESR and Mayo scores (r=0.382,0.381 and 0.470;P=0.001,0.003 and P<0.01).The number of IgG4 positive cells was positively correlated with CRP,ESR and CDAI in CD patients (r=0.199,0.209 and 0.201;P=0.022,0.016 and 0.021).Conclusions The expression level of IgG4 significantly increased in the intestinal mucosa of IBD patients correlated with the activity of disease.The expression level of [gG4 may be one of the parameters to evaluate the activity of IBD.

13.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 109-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of verbascoside on iron deposition of astrocyte cell overexpressing heme oxygenase-1 gene, and to seek new drug in treating Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Primary cultured astrocyte cells of rats were cultured and purified in vitro. With gene recombination and transfer techniques, transfect HO-1 gene into primary cultured astrocyte cells. HO-1 transfected astrocyte were then treated by different concentrations of verbascoside. Proliferation of cell was measured by CCK-8 assay and expression of HO-1 protein was analyzed by Western blotting. Iron deposition was also visualized by Perl's Prussian blue stain. RESULTS: Immunofluorescence staining showed that most of the cells were GFAP-postitive and the purity was over 95%. The expression of HO-1 protein was increased in HO-1 injury model of astrocyte. Treatment of verbascoside with variable concentration caused the decrease of HO-1 protein expression more or less and reduction of iron deposition in transfected cells(20 μmol·L-1 reducing 47.69%, 40 μmol·L-1 reducing 51.63%). CONCLUSION: Verbascoside could enhance astrocyte cell resistance against injury induced by overexpression of heme oxygenase-1 gene.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1299-1301, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779726

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Dioscorea opposite Thunb. were isolated and purified by Diaion HP-20, Sephadex LH-20, Toyopearl HW-40, MCI Gel CHP-20, ODS, silica gel column chromatography and semi-preparative-HPLC. Nine compounds were found and their structures were elucidated by spectral data and physicochemical properties, which were identified as 2-(1',2',3'-trihydroxybutyl-4'-O-α-D-glucopyranoside)-6-(2",3",4"-trihydroxybutyl)-pyrazine (1), uracil (2), xanthine (3), hypoxanthine (4), thymine (5), adenosine (6), uridine (7), inosine (8), and 5'-deoxy-5'-methylsulphinyladenosine (9). The compound 1 is a new pyrazine derivative, and the compound 3-5, 8, 9 are found in this plant for the first time.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493611

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the optimal dose of esmolol for maintaining cardiovascular stability in patients with hypertension during tracheal extubation. Methods In post-anestheisa care unit, hypertensive patients after general anesthesia meeting the extubation criteria were included. Patients were divided into 2 groups according the age: group Ⅰ (>65 years old for the elderly hypertensive, 21 cases), and groupⅡ(≤65 years old for the non-elderly hypertensive, 22 cases). All the patients received esmolol bolus before sputum suction and tube extraction, and the tracheal extubation were extubated 2 minutes after esmolol bolus. The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were was recorded before tracheal extubation, 2 min after esmolol bolus, at the time of sputum suction extubation, 1 min after tracheal extubation, 3 min after tracheal extubation and 5 min after tracheal extubation. Esmolol dose was determined by the up and down method. Initial dose was 0.5 mg/kg, in accordance with the arithmetic dose (0.2 mg/kg) increasing or decreasing progressively. In negative results (the systolic blood pressure at extubation or 5 min after extubation ≥ 20% of the base, or the systolic blood pressure at sputum suction extubation>180 mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) esmolol dose increased progressively, and in positive results (the systolic blood pressure at extubation or 5 min after extubation<20%of the base) esmolol dose decreased progressively. When the crosspoint (from positive to negative result) reached 6, the study was terminated. Results The median effective doses of esmolol for maintaining cardiovascular stability in groupⅠand groupⅡwere (0.6 ± 0.1) and (0.8 ± 0.1) mg/kg. Conclusions Esmolol can maintain cardiovascular stability in patients with hypertension during tracheal extubation. Median effective dose decreases in older hypertensive patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309092

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study explores the application of gastric tube interposition by touching laryngeal prominence in postoperative oral cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This trial includes 66 patients treated in the West China Hospital of Stomatology from August 2014 to December 2014. These patients were randomly divided into two groups: the test group included 33 patients who underwent gastric tube interposition by touching laryngeal prominence; the 33 other patients, who served as control group, underwent regular gastric tube interposition. The two groups were compared in terms of the occurrence rate of bucking, success rate of one-time gastric tube placement, and interposition time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those in the control group, the occurrence rate of bucking and the interposition time in the test group decreased while the success rate of one-time gastric tube placement increased (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Gastric tube interposition by touching laryngeal prominence can improve the success rate of one-time gastric tube interposition; moreover, it can reduce the average interposition time and the pain experienced by patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Catheterization , Humans , Larynx , Mouth Neoplasms , Postoperative Care , Stomach
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464611

ABSTRACT

Purpose To evaluate the application value of ERCC2 gene polymorphism ( rs3916840 C/T, rs1799793 G/A and rs238416 G/A) detection in molecular pathological diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods The polymorphisms of ERCC2 ( rs3916840, rs1799793 and rs238416) were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay in 101 patients with breast cancer and in 101 cancer-free controls. Results Analysis of the data showed a 0. 287-fold increased risk of breast cancer due to the deletion of genotype GA at rs238416 (P0. 05). Furthermore, Heterozygous genotype of rs3916840 was significantly associated with tumor size (P=0. 049), heterozygous genotype of rs1799793 was significantly associated with PR sta-tus and triple negative breast cancer (P=0. 037). Remarkably, the genotype frequency of GA in p53-positive patients was lower than that in p53-negiative patients (P=0. 026). Conclusions These results indicate that the polymorphism of rs238416 of ERCC2 is sig-nificantly associated with breast cancer risk. Tumor size, PR status, triple negative breast cancer, and p53 protein expression are asso-ciated with polymorphisms of ERCC2 (rs3916840, rs1799793 and rs238416) respectively. ERCC2 gene polymorphism detection is useful for the early diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of breast cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483809

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the decompression performance of anti pressure ulcer cushions with different materials and structures. Methods The common cotton cushion, sponge cushion, 3D fabric cushion, and upper 3D fabric and lower sponge cushion were analyzed by XSensor pressure sensor testing system. The pressure distribution, the pressure peak and the average pressure were analyzed to compare the decompression performance and the comfortable capability. Results and Conclusion The upper 3D fabric and lower sponge cushion can en-sure the decompression performance with excellent permeability. Both decompression and air comfort permeability should be the future di-rection of ulcer cushions research and production.

19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 391-395, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the expression characteristics of the 1700001022RIK (RIKEN cDNA 1700001022) gene in mice and explore its function by bioinformatic analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the expression profile of gene microarray, we detected the expression of a new testis-specific gene, 1700001022RIK, in mice. We analyzed its expression characteristics in the testis tissue and their changes in different developmental stages of the testis by RT-PCR, real-time RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. We performed bioinformatic analysis using a bioinformatic software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 1700001022RIK gene was specifically expressed in the mouse testis in an age-dependent manner, most highly in the adult mice. The 1700001022RIK protein was mainly expressed in the spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and round spermatids of the adult mice. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the 1700001022RIK protein amino acid sequence had a high similarity in human and mice, which indicated that this gene was highly conserved in mammals.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>1700001022RIK is a testis-specific gene mainly expressed in the spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and round spermatids of seminiferous tubules, which might be involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Animals , Blotting, Western , Computational Biology , DNA, Complementary , Gene Expression , Genomics , Male , Mice , Molecular Chaperones , Genetics , Seminiferous Tubules , Spermatids , Spermatocytes , Spermatogenesis , Genetics , Spermatogonia , Testis
20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 311-314, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475703

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is probably the only treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) with a curative potential.However,the application of allo-HSCT is limited by the high transplant-related mortality (TRM).Although the introduction of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) has lowered the TRM associated with myeloablative conditioning,there is no improvement in survival of allo-RIC compared to autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT).New strategies are discussed with the aim of lowering transplant toxicity and boosting the graft-versus-myeloma effect,and these are urgently needed to make allo-RIC safer and more effective for myeloma patients.In this review,results from studies of allo-HSCT in MM are presented.

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