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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 325-337, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875580

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Ischemic brain injury results in high mortality and serious neurologic morbidity. Here, we explored the role of SNHG15 in modulating neuronal damage and microglial inflammation after ischemia stroke. @*Materials and Methods@#The hypoxia/ischemia models were induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice and oxygenglucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) in vitro. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were conducted to determine the levels of SNHG15, miR-302a-3p, and STAT1/NF-κB. Moreover, gain- or loss-of functional assays of SNHG15 and miR-302a-3p were conducted. MTT assay was used to evaluate the viability of HT22 cells, and the apoptotic level was determined by flow cytometry. Furthermore, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators in the ischemia cortex and OGD/R-treated BV2 microglia. @*Results@#The SNHG15 and STAT1/NF-κB pathways were both distinctly up-regulated, while miR-302a-3p was notably down-regulated in the ischemia cortex. Additionally, overexpressing SNHG15 dramatically enhanced OGD/R-mediated neuronal apoptosis as well as the expression of oxidative stress and inflammation factors from microglia. In contrast, knocking down SNHG15 or overexpressing miR-302a-3p relieved OGD/R-mediated neuronal apoptosis and microglial activation. Moreover, the rescue experiment testified that overexpressing miR-302a-3p also attenuated SNHG15 up-regulation-induced effects. In terms of the mechanisms, SNHG15 sponged miR-302a-3p and activated STAT1/NF-κB as a competitive endogenous RNA, while miR-302a-3p targeted STAT1 and negatively regulated the STAT1/NF-κB pathway. @*Conclusion@#SNHG15 was up-regulated in the hypoxia/ischemia mouse or cell model. The inhibition of SNHG15 ameliorates ischemia/hypoxia-induced neuronal damage and microglial inflammation by regulating the miR-302a-3p/STAT1/NF-κB pathway.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 630-638, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873783

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerases (CHIs) play an essential role in the biosynthesis of flavonoids important in plant self-defense. Based on the transcriptome data of Aquilaria sinensis Calli, a full-length cDNA sequence of CHI1 (termed as AsCHI1) was cloned by reverse transcription PCR. AsCHI1 contains a complete open frame (ORF) of 654 bp. The deduced protein is composed of 217 amino acids, with a predicted molecular weight of 23.11 kDa. The sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that AsCHI1 has conserved most of the active site residues in type I CHIs, indicating a close relationship with the CHI from Gossypium hirsutum. The recombinant AsCHI1 protein was obtained by heterologous expression of AsCHI1 in E. coli BL21(DE3). The purified AsCHI1 protein exhibited CHI activity by catalyzing the production of naringenin from naringenin chalcone. Remarkably, AsCHI1 expression in A. sinensis Calli treated with various abiotic stresses including salt, mannitol, cold, and heavy metals could be markedly increased, and plant hormones such as abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA3), and salicylic acid (SA) could also increase the expression of AsCHI1, suggesting that AsCHI1 might play an important role in plant self-defense. The results expand our understanding of the biosynthesis of flavonoids in A. sinensis and give further insight into the defensive responses of A. sinensis to abiotic and biotic stresses.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 418-424, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Atractylodes macrocephala ethanol extract (AM) on life span of Caenorhabditis elegans(called N 2 nematode for short ),and to investigate its mechanism based on transcription factor SKN- 1/ nuclear factor E 2 related factor 2(Nrf2). METHODS :N2 nematode were divided into blank control group ,positive control group (100 μ mol/L curcumin,similarly hereinafter ),AM low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (100,200,300 μ g/mL, similarly hereinafter ). The effects of AM on the life span (by average survival time )of N 2 nematode under normal condition and oxidant stress condition (40 mmol/L H 2O2)as well as its effects on reproductive capability (by the number of filial generation )of N2 nematode under normal condition were investigated . 700 μmol/L H2O2 was used to establish neuroblastoma cells N 2a oxidant stress model. Effects of positive control ,low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose of AM on the survival rate of model cells were detected by MTT method. After human embryonic renalepithelial cells 293T were transfected with Nrf 2-ARE plasmid , the effects of positive control and AM on luciferase activity of Nrf2-ARE were detected by luciferase reporter gene method at low,medium and high dose for 24 h and at medium dose for 12,18 and 24 h. RT-PCR was used to detect the effects ofpositive control ,low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose of AM on the mRNA expression of downstream genes NQO- 1 and HO- 1 of Nrf 2 in N 2a cells as well as mRN A expression of en@hactcm.edu.cn downstream genes GCS- 1,GST-7,GST-10,HSP-60,HSP- 16.2 and SOD- 3 of SKN- 1 in N 2 nematode. RESULTS :Compared with blank control group ,average survival time of N 2 nematode under normal and oxidant stress condition was significantly prolonged in positive control group and AM groups ;the number of filial generation on the first day (except for AM high-dose group ),the number of filial generation on the second day (except for AM low-dose group ) and the total number of filial generation (except for AM low-dose group ) were increased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The survival rate of N 2a cells in positive control group ,AM medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly higher than that of model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with blank control group ,Nrf2-ARE luciferase relative activity of 293T cells in positive control group and AM groups as well as Nrf 2-ARE luciferase relative activity of 293T cells in AM medium-dose group after different time of treatment were increased significantly (P<0.01),in dose-dependent and time-dependent trend. Compared with blank control group ,mRNA relative expression of HO- 1 and NQO- 1(except for positive control group ),GCS-1(except for AM low-dose group ),GST-7(except for positive control group and AM low-dose group ), GST-10 and HSP- 60(except for AM low-dose group ),HSP-16.2(except for positive control group and AM low-dose group )and SOD-3 (except for positive control group and AM low-dose group ) were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:AM can prolong the life span of N 2 nematode under normal and oxidant stress condition and improve the its reproductive capacity ,the mechanism of which may be associated with the activation of SKN- 1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 493-496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873451

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the retinal image of two types of aspheric diffractive multifocal intraocular lens(IOL).<p>METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Totally 155 cases of simple cataract who received phacoemulsification combined with IOLs implantation from October 2017 to October 2019. They were divided into three groups according to the types of IOL: Aspheric Bifocal Diffractive Group: 54 patients(54 eyes); Aspheric Trifocal Diffractive Group: 54 patients(54 eyes); Aspheric Monofocal Group: 47 patients(47 eyes). All patients were evaluated postoperatively at 6mo. Double-pass visual quality analysis system was used to evaluate OSI, MTF cutoff, Strehl Ratio, OV 100%, OV 20% and OV 9% respectively. Uncorrected distance visual acuity(5m), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity(80cm), uncorrected near visual acuity(40cm), corrected distance visual acuity, distance-corrected intermediate visual acuity, distance-corrected near visual acuity were measured and compared among three groups. Visual function-14 was also assessed.<p>RESULTS:Both of bifocal and trifocal groups had similar MTF cutoff(<i>P</i>=0.445), OV 100%, OV 20% and OV 9%(OV 100%: <i>P</i>=0.974; OV20%: <i>P</i>=0.713; OV 9%: <i>P</i>=0.947). Monofocal group had better MTF cutoff(<i>P</i>=0.007), OV 100%(<i>P</i>=0.001), OV 20%(<i>P</i>=0.002)and OV 9%(<i>P</i>=0.011)than bifocal. Besides, monofocal group had better MTF cutoff(<i>P</i>=0.043), OV 100%(<i>P</i>=0.012), OV 20%(<i>P</i>=0.043)and OV 9%(<i>P</i>=0.029)than trifocal group. There was no difference among all groups in uncorrected distance visual acuity and corrected distance visual acuity(<i>P</i>=0.054, 0.180). There was difference in distance-corrected intermediate(<i>H</i>=91.292, <i>P</i><0.01)and distance-corrected near visual acuity(<i>H</i>=91.292, <i>P</i><0.01). Uncorrected intermediate visual acuity was better in trifocal group than bifocal(<i>P</i><0.01)and monofocal group(<i>P</i><0.01). Distance-corrected intermediate visual acuity was better in trifocal group than bifocal(<i>P</i><0.01)and monofocal group(<i>P</i><0.01). Both of bifocal and trifocal groups have similar uncorrected near visual acuity(<i>P</i>=0.428)and distance-corrected near visual acuity(<i>P</i>=0.519), which was better than monofocal group(<i>P</i><0.01). In terms of VF-14, score in bifocal and trifocal groups are significantly higher than the monofocal group(<i>P</i><0.01). There was no difference in bifocal and trifocal groups(<i>P</i>=0.055).<p>CONCLUSION: Bfocal and trifocal diffractive IOL can provide similar retinal image. Trifocal IOL can provide better itermediate visual acuity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885992

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of acupoint thread-embedding therapy on serum apelin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with obesity due to dampness-heat encumbering spleen.Methods: Sixty-six patients were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group according to the random number table method, with 33 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with exenatide and metformin, while patients in the observation group were treated with additional acupoint thread-embedding. After 12-week treatment, the obesity-related indicators, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and body fat rate, the glycometabolism indicators, including fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin, and the lipid metabolism indicators, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), as well as serum apelin and GLP-1 levels were observed in patients of the two groups. Results: After treatment, the BMI, waist circumference and body fat rate of patients in the two groups were all reduced (all P<0.05), and were lower in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05); the fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels of patients in both groups were all decreased (all P<0.05), and were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05); the TC level was decreased (P<0.05), while the TG and LDL-C levels did not change significantly in the control group (both P>0.05); the TC, TG and LDL-C levels were all significantly reduced in the observation group (all P<0.05), lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05); the serum apelin level was decreased (P<0.05) and the serum GLP-1 level was increased (P<0.05) in the observation group, statistically different from those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Combined with the conventional medication, acupoint thread-embedding therapy can significantly improve the obesity-related indicators, glycometabolism and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with obesity due to dampness-heat encumbering spleen. This may be achieved by regulating the serum apelin and GLP-1 levels.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885580

ABSTRACT

Two pedigrees are reported here including two siblings and a boy who were diagnosed with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome type 3 (AGS3) caused by compound heterozygous variation of RNASEH2C gene. Prenatal gene diagnosis was performed when their mothers were pregnant again. All three cases presented with epilepsy, microcephaly, muscular hypertonia and severe language, motor and mental retardation. In pedigree 1, genetic analysis showed compound heterozygous variants of c.194G>A (p.Gly65Asp) and c.434G>T (p.Arg145Leu) in the RNASEH2C gene of proband 1 and her younger brother, which were inherited from their mother and father respectively. While in pedigree 2, c.194G>A(p.Gly65Asp) and c.227C>T(p.Pro76Leu) compound heterozygous variants in the RNASEH2C gene were found in proband 2, which were inherited from his father and mother, respectively. Diagnosis of AGS3 was confirmed in these three cases based on their medical history and the testing results. The mothers from the two families underwent prenatal diagnosis in their subsequent pregnancy, and the variation only inherited from the mothers was detected, suggesting that the two fetuses are carriers. Both families chose to continue the pregnancy and delivered at full-term. No growth or development abnormalities were reported in the children during a one-year follow-up.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885355

ABSTRACT

One hundred and twenty four patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) admitted to the Department of Endocrinology of Chuzhou First People's Hospital from April to October 2019 whose blood glucose levels were not controlled after treatment with metformin (2.0 g/d) for more than 3 months were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly divided into oral drug group and liraglutide group with 62 cases in each group. On the basis of metformin, the oral drug group was treated with acarbose (300 mg/d); the liraglutide group was treated with liraglutide (1.2 mg/d). The course of treatment was 3 months. The body weight, fasting blood glucose (FPG), 2-h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and the gastrointestinal symptoms and the incidence of hypoglycemia were analyzed. After 3-month treatment the body weight, FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c of the two groups were lower than the baseline levels ( P<0.05). Compared with the oral group, the body weight, FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c and TG in liraglutide group were more markedly decreased ( P<0.05). The gastrointestinal reaction of liraglutide group was significantly higher than that of the oral drug group, and there was no hypoglycemia in both groups. The data indicate that liraglutide combined with metformin can significantly improve the blood glucose, blood lipid and body weight of T2DM patients and no hypoglycemia occurs during the treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 397-400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884902

ABSTRACT

With the acceleration of the aging process in China, the incidence rates of coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction have significantly increased.And iodine contrast agent is often used in imaging diagnosis and percutaneous intervention therapy.The contrast medium is filtered from the glomerulus in its original form and is not absorbed by renal tubules.However, the accumulation of iodine contrast medium in the kidney can lead to acute kidney injury.Kidney is one of the most important excretory and endocrine organs in human body.The prevention and treatment of contrast-induced nephropathy(CIN)have been widely concerned.The incidence rate of contrast-induced renal damage is higher and the prognosis is poorer in the elderly than in the non-elderly due to the decline of organ function in the elderly.At present, the mechanism of action for oxygen free radicals in CIN of the elderly is still unclear.This article reviews the researches on the role of oxygen free radical in CIN of the elderly studied by domestic and foreign scholars in recent years.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 203-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma(AITL)in middle and old age patients.Methods:This was a retrospective study.A total of 33 middle-aged and elderly patients(a median age of 64 years, range 47~85 years)with AITL admitted to our hospital from May 2008 to March 2017, including 54.5% male(18 cases), were enrolled in this study.Clinical manifestations, pathology, imaging and survival data of patients were collected.The objective response rate(ORR)of patients with different therapeutic regimens was analyzed.The survival analysis was conducted by using the Kaplan-Meier method, the survival rate was analyzed by using the Log-rank method, and multivariate analysis was conducted by using the proportional hazards regression model.Results:The median overall survival(OS)was 26.0 months(8.5-43.5 months). The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS rate was 66.7%(22 cases), 45.5%(15 cases)and 24.2%(8 cases), respectively.The ORR of first-line chemotherapy with CHOP-like regimens(cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)was 65.5%(19/29)and the incidence of serious adverse reactions was 64.5%(20/31). Single-factor chi-square testing showed that age ≥60 years, Barthel score ≥90, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score(ECOG-PS)≥2, anemia, International prognostic index(IPI)score of 4~5, receiving chidamide treatment were influncing factors for the prognosis in middle-aged and elderly patients with AITL( χ2=5.103, 4.306, 6.004, 4.030, 6.348 and 4.080, P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that age ≥60 years and receiving chidamide treatment were independent prognostic factors affecting the 5-year survival rate of middle-aged and elderly AITL patients( OR=0.313 and 4.964, P<0.05). That the OS was better in the group receiving chidamide treatment than in the group without chidamide treatment( P<0.05). Conclusions:Clinical features of AITL are diverse and lack of specificity.Most patients present with advanced stage AITL at the initial diagnosis.The 5-year OS rate is low.AITL patients aged over 60 years have a poor prognosis.Chidamide can improve the OS rate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 34-38, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and early renal dysfunction in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:A total of 198 elderly patients with T2DM aged over 60 years undergoing treatment in the Geriatric Department of Beijing Hospital from July 2018 to July 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective case-control study.The estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)is calculated according to the CKD-EPI Cr-Cys formula.Based on the eGFR, the patients were divided into normal renal function group(n=63, in CKD 1 stage)and mild renal dysfunction group(n=135, in CKD 2-3a stage). All subjects underwent physical examination, laboratory examination and dual energy X-ray bone density examination. Results:The age, weight, body mass index, abdominal circumference, serum creatinine, cystatin C, uric acid, diastolic pressure, the proportions of diabetes and hypertension were lower, and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, appendicular skeletal muscle mass(ASM)and skeletal muscle mass index(SMI)were higher, in the normal renal function group than in the mild renal dysfunction group( P<0.05 or 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that eGFR was positively correlated with SMI( r=0.343, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that body weight( OR=1.318, 95% CI: 1.091-1.594), uric acid( OR=1.007, 95% CI: 1.001-1.012), diastolic blood pressure( OR=1.072, 95% CI: 1.033-1.112), years of diabetes( OR=1.075, 95% CI: 1.013-1.142)were risk factors, and the LSM( OR=0.136, 95% CI: 0.047-0.392)and SMI( OR=0.778, 95% CI: 0.703-0.860)were protective factors for the early renal dysfunction in elderly patients with T2DM. Conclusions:Elderly patients with T2DM are often co-existed with sarcopenia.Sarcopenia is associated with early renal dysfunction in elderly patients with T2DM.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To synthesize a new β-amyloid (Aβ) radioactive tracer (2-((2-6-[ 18F]fluoro-5-(methylamino)pyridin-2-yl)benzothiazol-6-yl)thio)ethanol ( 18F-FINH-Me), and evaluate its biological distribution and affinity to Aβ plaques. Methods:18F-FINH-Me was synthesized by GE FN automated module, and the quality control and stability of 18F-FINH-Me were determined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The biodistribution of 18F-FINH-Me was observed in normal C57BL/6 mice ( n=25). MicroPET/CT imaging was performed in Alzheimer′s disease (AD) model mice( n=5) and matched normal C57BL/6 mice( n=5). The brain tissues of mice were taken for Aβ immunohistochemical staining. 18F-FINH-Me autoradiography was performed in postmortem brain sections of one AD patient (female, 69 years old) and one healthy volunteer (female, 66 years old). Results:The decay correction yield of 18F-FINH-Me was (53±4)% ( n>20) with the radioactive purity of more than 98% ( n>20) and the specific activity of 79.90-122.00 GBq/μmol ( n=10). 18F-FINH-Me was stable in phosphate buffered solution (PBS) after incubation for 4 h at room temperature. The biodistribution showed that 18F-FINH-Me was mainly excreted through the liver and kidneys. MicroPET/CT imaging showed that 18F-FINH-Me was obviously uptaken in the brain of AD mice. After injection for 1-2 min, the uptake of 18F-FINH-Me reached the peak, and the elution speed was fast (whole brain standardized uptake value: 0.73±0.17 for 1 min, 0.31±0.06 for 30 min). The immunohistochemistry showed that there were abundant Aβ plaques in the brain of AD model mice but not in the normal C57BL/6 mice brain. The autoradiographic results showed that 18F-FINH-Me exhibited substantial plaque labeling in brain sections of one AD patient but not in the healthy volunteer. Conclusion:18F-FINH-Me may be an effective PET agent for detecting Aβ plaques in brain.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of licochalcone A on osteoarthritis in rats and its relationship with p38-MAPK inflammatory signaling pathway.Methods:A total of 160 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank non-intervention, blank intervention, arthritis non- intervention and arthritis intervention groups with 40 rats in each group. Rats in the arthritis groups were subjected to unilateral anterior cruciate ligament transection, while rats in the blank groups were only subjected to skin incision and suture. Rats in the intervention groups were treated by intra-articular injection of 1 mL 10 μmol/L licochalcone A for 8 successive weeks. Eight weeks later, the cartilage of rats in each group was stained with safranin, and osteoarthritis soft tissue was scored according to Osteoarthritis Research Society International guideline under the optical microscope. The cartilage was cultured in low glucose cell culture medium supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum for 48 hours. The contents of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E 2, sulfated glycosaminoglycan and collagen II in the medium were determined by the chemiluminescence reaction method. The expression levels of p38, phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) and matrix metalloproteinase in cartilage tissue were detected by western blot assay. Results:The progress of osteoarthritis in rats treated with licochalcone A was slow. The Osteoarthritis Research Society International score in the arthritis intervention group was significantly lower than that in the arthritis non-intervention group [(3.8 ± 1.7) points vs. (9.7 ± 1.2) points, P = 0.0064]. The contents of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E 2, sulfated glycosaminoglycan, and collagen II in the arthritis intervention group were (77.84 ± 17.65) μmol/mg and (6.78 ± 1.76) ng/mg, (89.78 ± 9.76) μg/mg, and (1.78 ± 0.76) μg/mg, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the arthritis non-intervention group [(107.56 ± 18.74) μmol/mg, (10.756 ± 1.87) ng/mg, (125.75 ± 8.87) μg/mg, (3.76 ± 0.88) μg/mg, (NO: P = 0.002; PGE 2: P < 0.001; sGAG: P < 0.001; Collagen II: P < 0.001). Western blot assay results revealed that the relative expression of p38, p-p38, p-p38 to total p38 ratio, matrix metalloproteinase in the arthritis intervention group were (3 454 ± 421), (2 072 ± 175), (0.65 ± 0.14 )and (1 776 ± 765), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the arthritis non-intervention group (5 322 ± 323), (4 257 ± 184), (0.89 ± 0.11), (3 865 ± 874)( p38: P < 0.001; p-p38: P < 0.001; p-p38/p38: P = 0.002; MMP: P = 0.001). Conclusion:Licochalcone A can delay the progression of osteoarthritis in rats with osteoarthritis through inhibiting inflammatory reaction and cartilage matrix degradation, and p38-MAPK signaling pathway may be involved in the regulation process.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882536

ABSTRACT

The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has changed the clinical outcome of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the widespread application of ICIs, immune-related adverse events (irAEs) have also appeared. Immune checkpoint inhibitor pneumonitis (CIP) is a serious adverse event of ICIs treatment that needs attention. Therefore, early identification of high-risk groups of CIPs and early intervention can reduce the occurrence of permanent drug withdrawal and severe CIPs, thereby improving patients′ prognosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term trend of viral hepatitis mortality in Jing’an District of Shanghai, and to provide a reference for viral hepatitis prevention and control. Methods:Mortality rate, standard mortality rate, PYLL and potential years of life lost rate (PYLL‰) of viral hepatitis in Jing’an district of Shanghai from 1976 to 2015 were calculated. The annual percent change (APC) of the mortality and PYLL‰ were analyzed by Joinpoint regression analysis. Results:From 1976 to 2015, there were 1 342 viral hepatitis death cases, including 832 males and 510 females. The average crude mortality rate was 8.31/100 000, and the average age-standardized mortality rate was 5.45/100 000. Among the deaths of viral hepatitis, men had a higher mortality rate, age-standardized mortality rate and PYLL% than women (χ2Pearson=107.34, 112.93, 39.15, all P<0.01), men were mainly in the age group of 35-64 years (accounted for 62.62%), while women were mainly in the age group of 65 years and above (accounted for 55.49 %), and the average death age of men was earlier than that of women (by rank-sum test: Z=-8.879,P<0.01). After 1990 (except in 2002), hepatitis B was the main cause of deaths from viral hepatitis, accounting for 75.00%-100%, and the proportion of other and unclassified cases gradually decreased. Overall, the mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-2.0%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 2002. The mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly from 2002 to 2015 (APC=-8.1%,P<0.05). The overall PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-3.7%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 1992. After 1992, the PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1992-2015 (APC=-6.5%,P<0.05). Conclusion:There has been a significant decline trend of viral hepatitis in the mortality rate in Jing’an District of Shanghai from 2002 to 2015, with hepatitis B as the main cause of death.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 98-102, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881979

ABSTRACT

Global plastics production has been increasing year by year. Due to the large quantity of plastics and the difficulty of their degradation, plastics are continuously accumulated in the environment. Therefore, plastic waste has become one of the most serious threats to the global environment. Microplastics can be absorbed into organisms through the mouth, respiratory tract and skin, causing organ(intestine, liver) toxicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, and neurotoxicity. Moreover, microplastics can also take up other pollutants distributed in the surrounding environment, such as heavy metals and organic pollutants, jointly exerting combined toxic effects. The extracts of microplastics, including microplastics unstable polymers and additives, also have toxic effects. The molecular mechanisms involved in the toxic effects induced by microplastics include oxidative stress, inflammation, disturbance of intestinal flora, disturbance of gene expression, and others.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881056

ABSTRACT

Fufang Danshen preparation (FDP) is consisted of Salviae Miltiorrhizar Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen), Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (Sanqi) and Borneolum Syntheticum (borneol). FDP is usually used to treat myocardial ischemia hypoxia, cerebral ischemia and alzheimer's disease, etc. In the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases, borneol is usually used to promote the absorption and distribution of the bioactive components to proper organs, especially to the brain. The purpose of this study is investigating the effects of borneol on the pharmacokinetics and brain distribution of tanshinone IIA (TS IIA), salvianolic acid B (SAB) and ginsenoside Rg1 in FDP. Male healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given Danshen extracts, Sanqi extracts (Panax notoginsengsaponins) or simultaneously administered Danshenextracts, Sanqi extracts and borneol. Plasma and brain samples were collected at different points in time. The concentration of TS IIA, SAB and Rg1 was determined by UPLC-MS/MS method. The main pharmacokinetics parameters of plasma and brain tissue were calculated by using Phoenix WinNolin 6.1 software. In comparison with Danshen and Sanqi alone, there were significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters of TS IIA, SAB and Rg1, and the brain distribution of SAB and TS IIA when Danshen, Sanqi and borneol were administrated together. Borneol statistically significant shortened t

17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 70-78, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880938

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that acute blood glucose elevation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) suggests a poor prognosis. To investigate the effect of fasting blood glucose (FBG) on the risk of heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in non-diabetic patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute STEMI, we retrospectively recruited consecutive non-diabetic patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI in our hospital from February 2003 to March 2015. The patients were divided into two groups according to the FBG level. A total of 623 patients were recruited with an age of 61.3 ± 12.9 years, of whom 514 (82.5%) were male. The HF risk (odds ratio 3.401, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.144-5.395, P < 0.001) was significantly increased in patients with elevated FBG than those with normal FBG. Elevated FBG was also independently related to LVSD (β 1.513, 95%CI 1.282-1.785, P < 0.001) in a multiple logistics regression analysis. In conclusion, elevated FBG was independently associated with 30-day HF and LVSD risk in non-diabetic patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Fasting , Female , Glucose , Heart Failure , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of neonatal blood calcium levels with perinatal factors and neonatal urinary calcium levels measured by an intelligent urine test system.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 96 full-term singleton neonates with mild diseases were collected by a cross-sectional survey, who were hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, from June to August 2018. Urinary calcium levels measured by an intelligent urine test system, total blood calcium levels, ionized calcium levels, and the mother's calcium and vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the group without vitamin D supplementation for the mother (17 neonates), the group with vitamin D supplementation for the mother (79 neonates) had significantly higher levels of total blood calcium and ionized calcium (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy can increase the blood levels of total calcium and ionized calcium in neonates, and calcium supplementation alone cannot increase the blood levels of total calcium or ionized calcium in neonates. Hypothermia in neonates might cause the reduction in blood calcium levels. The urinary calcium level measured by the intelligent urine test system is positively correlated with the blood level of ionized calcium.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Calcium, Dietary , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879193

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and co-ronary heart disease. CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved on computer, and the randomized clinical trial(RCT) on Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, which were published from the database establishment to December 31, 2019, were comprehensively collected. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted independently by two researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Literature methodology quality evaluation was conducted with use of the Cochrane Handbook 5.3.0(bias risk assessment tool). Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.0 software. A total of 10 RCTs were included. The results of the Meta-analysis showed that as compared with conventional Western medicine alone, the application of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine treatment further improved the total effective rate and electrocardiogram effect(RR=1.43,95%CI[1.20,1.71],P<0.000 1). There were statistically significant differences in the number of angina attacks, the duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. In terms of safety indicators, four studies reported adverse reactions in the experimental group, including facial flu-shing, tachycardia, dizziness, dyspnea, nausea and other symptoms. Based on the existing findings, in the treatment of angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine can improve the clinical total effective rate, electrocardiogram effect, number of angina attacks, duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. However, in the included studies, due to some methodological quality problems which would impact the reliability of literature results more high-quality randomized controlled trials are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Esters , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Ketones/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results
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