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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1736-1739, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906581

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the changing trend of the teaching environment of the elementary and secondary schools in Zhengzhou, and to provide data for further improving the teaching environment of the elementary and secondary schools.@*Methods@#A survey of teaching facilities and teaching aids in 534 secondary and primary schools in Zhengzhou was conducted from 2014 to 2018 by using a stratified random sampling method.@*Results@#Teaching facilities: the qualified rate of the railings in the outer corridor of the teaching building was 88.8% (474), the qualified rate of classroom lighting was 79.6% (425), the qualified rate of the light desk distance was 82.8% (442), and the qualified rate of black plate lights 86.1% (460), the qualified rate of each year was statistically significant ( χ 2=9.97, 23.74, 80.10, 53.33, P <0.05); the qualified rate of classroom area per capita was 52.8% (282), the qualified rate of the outer corridor width of the teaching building was 64.0% (342), the qualified rate of each year showed no statistical difference( χ 2=7.38, 8.71, P >0.05). Teaching ancillary facilities: the proportion of centralized water supply was 65.0% (347), toilet with hand washing facilities was 81.6% (436), these two indicators showed an increasing trend, hand washing facilities in campus was 70.6% (377), showed a decreasing trend, the rate of each year differed significantly( χ 2=88.62, 42.71 , 123.53, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The overall situation of teaching environment in Zhengzhou primary and secondary schools is relatively good, the qualified rate of most indicators of teaching facilities increased from 2014 to 2018. However, there are still some indicators to be strengthened.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and high-risk factors of lymph node metastasis in the retropharyngeal region of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), aiming to guide the delineation of clinical target area.Methods:Clinical data of patients who were pathologically diagnosed with hypopharyngeal carcinoma from January 2012 to September 2018 in our center were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received head and neck MRI before treatment. The diagnosis of lymph node metastasis and the delineation of primary gross target volume (GTV p) and lymph nodes target volume (GTV nd) were determined by all the radiation oncologists in head and neck group through twice weekly general round discussion. The cut-off points of GTV p and GTV nd were defined by establishing the receiver operating characteristic curve. All patients were divided into the high GTV p, low GTV p and high GTV nd and low GTV nd groups. Chi-square test was used for univariate analysis and logistic regression was utilized for multivariate analysis to analyze the high-risk factors of patients with retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis. Results:A total of 326 patients were included in this study, 295 of whom were diagnosed with cervical lymph node metastasis, accounting for 90.5%. The most common involved area was Level Ⅱ a, followed by Level Ⅲ, Level Ⅱ b, Level IV, Level Ⅶ a (retropharyngeal), Level V a, and Level V b. The incidence of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis was 21.5%, and the incidence was 53.1% in patients with primary tumor located in the posterior pharyngeal wall. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that patients with tumor originated from the posterior pharyngeal wall ( P=0.002), bilateral cervical lymph node metastasis ( P=0.020), larger GTV p (greater than 47 cm 3, P=0.003), and larger GTV nd (greater than 22 cm 3, P=0.023) were significantly associated with the occurrence of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis. Conclusions:The incidence of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis is high in hypopharyngeal carcinoma, especially in patients with primary tumors in the posterior pharyngeal wall, bilateral cervical lymph node metastasis and larger primary burden. Therefore, for patients with these risk factors, it is highly recommended that the clinical target area should be delineated to include the retropharyngeal lymph node drainage area.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847683

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glial maturation factor-gamma (GMFG) is one of the members of the ADF/cofilin superfamily protein in the process of cytoskeleton remodeling. It can regulate the cell movement by regulating actin-mediated cytoskeleton reorganization. The authors previously found that the high expression of GMFG is associated with the clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer patients, but the specific upstream and downstream mechanisms need to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of GMFG on cytoskeleton and LoVo cell proliferation. METHODS: (1) Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were inoculated in a laser confocal dish. After the cells grew stably, the correlation between the expression of GMFG and the expression of cytoskeletal protein F-actin was observed by immunofluorescence staining. Colchicine inhibited mitosis. The cells were divided into control group, 0.5 mg/L colchicine group and 1.0 mg/L colchicine group. The cell cycle was observed by flow cytometry and GMFG protein expression was observed by western blot assay. (2) Human colorectal cancer LoVo cells were inoculated in a laser confocal dish. After the cells grew stably, the correlation between GMFG expression and cell cycle was observed by immunofluorescence staining. Afterwards, siRNA was used to interfere the expression of GMFG in LoVo cells. The LoVo cells were divided into blank control group, empty transfer group and siRNA-GMFG group. The cell proliferation rate was detected by Edu assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, the expression of GMFG was associated with the cytoskeletal motion of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and the expression of GMFG increased when the cytoskeleton retracted. After colchicine inhibited the mitosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, the proportion of cells in G2/M phase increased and the expression of GMFG protein decreased with the increase of colchicine dosage. (2) In LoVo cells, the expression intensity of GMFG was associated with mitosis, and the expression of GMFG was enhanced in the middle and late stages of cell mitosis. (3) After siRNA interference with GMFG in LoVo cells, the cell proliferation rate was decreased. (4) Results verify that interference with GMFG can inhibit the proliferation rate of LoVo cells of human colorectal cancer, and there is a certain correlation between cytoskeletal motion and GMFG expression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797676

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis of patients with primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 13 patients diagnosed with lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland in our hospital from 2009 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The median follow-up time was 38.5 months. All patients received radiotherapy after operation.@*Results@#Of 13 patients, 9 cases were male and 4 female. The median age was 33 years. At the initial diagnosis, 9 cases had primary lesions limited to the parotid gland, and 4 cases of lymph node metastases located in Ⅰb and Ⅱ regions of the neck. According to UICC2010 staging, 1 case was classified as stage Ⅰ, 1 as stage Ⅱ, 6 as stage Ⅲ and 5 as stage Ⅳ, respectively. Eleven surgically pathological specimens were tested with EBER in-situ, and 10 cases were positive for EBER. No patient died in the whole group. The 3-year overall survival rate was 100%. The 3-year progression-free survival rate was 76%. The 3-year local control rate was 92%. The 3-year metastasis-free survival rate was 84%.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland is relatively low. The pathological features are associated with EB virus. It is prone to present with cervical lymph node metastasis. The possibility of lymph node metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma to the parotid gland should be excluded before treatment. At present, surgery combined with postoperative radiotherapy is the main treatment. The overall survival is favorable. Local recurrence and distant metastasis are the main causes of treatment failure.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792193

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of two administration modes of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP),intradermal injection (ID) and microneedle technique in the treatment of facial post acne scars.Methods From March 2017 to March 2018,32 patients (8 male,14female) with facial acne scars were included.They were randomly divided into two groups (group A and group B) and both underwent splitface therapy.Each group was randomly divided into two subgroups.Group A was administered by microneedle + PRP (A1) on one side and by microneedle + saline (A2) on the other.In group B,one cheek was treated with ID PRP (B1) and the other received ID saline (B2).Each patient received overall 3 treatments per session with 28 days intervals.Patients were followed-up six months after their last treatment and clinical evaluation was assessed by 2 independent plastic surgeons and patients themself.Results The results were obvious difference between each group.The score of evaluation by physicians and patients in A1 group (2.565 ± 0.504) point showed significantly better results compared with other groups.B1 group (1.820±0.592) point was significantly higher than B2 group (1.345±0.483) point (P<0.05).There were no statistical difference regarding scores of improvement between A2 group (1.405±0.499) point and B2 group (1.345±0.483) point (P>0.05).The total effective rate in A1 group was 100%,which was higher than B1 group (43.75%),A2 group (81.25%) and B2 group (25%),with statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusions The current study introduces the combination of autologous PRP and microneedle technique as an effective and safe modality in the treatment of facial post acne scars with short recovery time and easy operation.Any concerns of immunogenic reactions or disease transfer are eliminated because PRP is prepared from autologous blood.Therefore,the method is suitable to be widely used in clinic.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755090

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features,diagnosis and prognosis of patients with primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland.Methods Clinical data of 13 patients diagnosed with lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland in our hospital from 2009 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The median follow-up time was 38.5 months.All patients received radiotherapy after operation.Results Of 13 patients,9 cases were male and 4 female.The median age was 33 years.At the initial diagnosis,9 cases had primary lesions limited to the parotid gland,and 4 cases of lymph node metastases located in Ⅰb and Ⅱ regions of the neck.According to UICC2010 staging,1 case was classified as stage Ⅰ,Ⅰ as stage Ⅱ,6 as stage Ⅲ and 5 as stage Ⅳ,respectively.Eleven surgically pathological specimens were tested with EBER in-situ,and 10 cases were positive for EBER.No patient died in the whole group.The 3-year overall survival rate was 100%.The 3-year progression-free survival rate was 76%.The 3-year local control rate was 92%.The 3-year metastasis-free survival rate was 84%.Conclusions The incidence of lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland is relatively low.The pathological features are associated with EB virus.It is prone to present with cervical lymph node metastasis.The possibility of lymph node metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma to the parotid gland should be excluded before treatment.At present,surgery combined with postoperative radiotherapy is the main treatment.The overall survival is favorable.Local recurrence and distant metastasis are the main causes of treatment failure.

7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 161-177, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757968

ABSTRACT

Metastasis is the leading cause of human cancer deaths. Unfortunately, no approved drugs are available for anti-metastatic treatment. In our study, high-throughput sequencing-based high-throughput screening (HTS) and a breast cancer lung metastasis (BCLM)-associated gene signature were combined to discover anti-metastatic drugs. After screening of thousands of compounds, we identified Ponatinib as a BCLM inhibitor. Ponatinib significantly inhibited the migration and mammosphere formation of breast cancer cells in vitro and blocked BCLM in multiple mouse models. Mechanistically, Ponatinib represses the expression of BCLM-associated genes mainly through the ERK/c-Jun signaling pathway by inhibiting the transcription of JUN and accelerating the degradation of c-Jun protein. Notably, JUN expression levels were positively correlated with BCLM-associated gene expression and lung metastases in breast cancer patients. Collectively, we established a novel approach for the discovery of anti-metastatic drugs, identified Ponatinib as a new drug to inhibit BCLM and revealed c-Jun as a crucial factor and potential drug target for BCLM. Our study may facilitate the therapeutic treatment of BCLM as well as other metastases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708232

ABSTRACT

Objective It has been confirmed that Epstein-Barr virus ( EBV) is associated with the occurrence and development of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma ( NPC ) . We investigated the clinical significance of plasma concentrations of EBV-DNA in patients with NPC. Methods Since October,2013 to December,2016,471 patients were analyzed. The significantly associated between EBV-DNA before treatment and staging, tumor burden was analyzed. The survival rate of EBV-DNA before and after treatment was calculated. Results The median copies of pretreatment plasma EBV-DNA in patients is 137 copies,( range 0-494000) ,which is correlated with T stage,N stage,M stage,clinical stage and tumor burden load and that is statistically significant. Overall survival ( OS,P=0. 007) ,progression-free survival ( PFS,P=0. 011) and distant metastasis-free survival ( DMFS,P=0. 003) were significantly lower among patients with pretreatment plasma EBV-DNA more than 1300 copies/ml. Patients with detectable plasma EBV-DNA had significantly worse OS (P=0. 016),PFS (P=0. 000) and DMFS (P=0. 000) than patients with undetectable EBV-DNA after treatment. Cox multivariate analyze suggests that T stage and EBV-DNA after treatment were independent prognostic factors for OS,however the plasma EBV-DNA after treatment ( P=0. 006,0. 001) and N stage ( P=0. 037,0. 017) were independent prognostic factors for PFS and DMFS. Conclusions The plasma EBV-DNA level was significantly correlated with staging and tumor load before treatment in patients with NPC,and the prognosis of patients with higher copies before treatment could be worse. The plasma EBV-DNA after treatment is predictive for OS,PFS and DMFS.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758831

ABSTRACT

Heat shock protein A9 (HSPA9), a member of the heat shock protein family, is a putative receptor for Tembusu virus (TMUV). By using Western blot and co-immunoprecipitation assays, E protein domains I and II were identified as the functional domains that facilitate HSPA9 binding. Twenty-five overlapping peptides covering domain I and domain II sequences were synthesized and analyzed by using an HSPA9 binding assay. Two peptides showed the capability of binding to HSPA9. Dot blot assay of truncated peptides indicated that amino acid residues 19 to 22 and 245 to 252 of E protein constitute the minimal motifs required for TMUV binding to HSPA9. Importantly, peptides harboring those two minimal motifs could effectively inhibit TMUV infection. Our results provide insight into TMUV-receptor interaction, thereby creating opportunities for elucidating the mechanism of TMUV entry.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hot Temperature , Humans , Immunoprecipitation , Peptides , Protein Structure, Tertiary
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 209-216, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808324

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the efficacy and safety of tertiary hospital guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation model.@*Methods@#This study was a prospective randomized controlled study, 80 patients from Beijing Electrical Power Hospital and Beijing Jingmei Group General Hospital with acute coronary syndrome were included from June to December 2015 and divided into 2 groups. Patients in rehabilitation group (n=52) received tertiary hospital(Peiking University Peoples′ Hospital) guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation for 3 months, and patients in control group (n=28) received routine secondary treatment for 3 months. Following parameters including 6 minutes walk distance, score of life quality (evaluated by Short Form-12), score of anxiety (evaluated by Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), score of depression (evaluated by Perceived Health Questionnaire-9), self-management competency (evaluated by questionnaire) were collected at baseline and after treatment for 3 months.@*Results@#Compared with control group, 6 minutes walk distance was longer in rehabilitation group((60.2±6.8) meters vs. (24.9±10.5)meters, P<0.01). The difference values between after and before intervention of life quality scores((0.14±3.90)scores vs.(-7.44±5.85)scores, P>0.05), anxiety scores((-0.16±2.12 ) scores vs.(0.70±1.13)scores, P>0.05) and depression scores((-1.17±2.79) scores vs.(0.60±0.36)scores, P>0.05) were similar between the 2 groups. The amplification of patients with regular exercise (50.26% vs. 0, P<0.05), limit sugary foods usually and always (53.22% vs. 3.98%, P<0.05), eat 200-400 g fruits usually and always (78.61 % vs. 0, P<0.05), eat 300-500 g vegetables usually and always (9.74% vs. 0, P<0.05), and answering very confident to questions such as let the physicians know about your diseases (40.17% vs. 5.00%, P<0.05), know how to take medicines (44.52% vs. 5.00%, P<0.05), know how much exercise was right for yourself (26.43% vs.0, P<0.05) were significantly higher in rehabilitation group than in control group. There were no cardiac rehabilitation training related cardiovascular events.@*Conclusion@#Tertiary hospital guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation model is an effective and safe management model of cardiovascular disease in chronic phase, and it is necessary to further expand the study population to verify the efficacy of this model.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the vascular paths in the lateral wall of maxillary sinus using cone beam computer tomography (CBCT), and to retrospect the surgical managements of avoiding bleeding complication during the lateral approach maxillary sinus elevation.Methods: The documents of 71 consecutive patients with 81 sides maxillary sinus elevation surgery were collected.The vascular paths in the lateral wall of maxillary sinus were detected by the preoperative CBCT, and the messages about the vascular in surgical records were analyzed.Results: The paths of the vascular could be detected in 77 (95.1%) sides maxillary sinus in the reconstruction panoramic images of CBCT.At the position of the first molar, the paths of the vascular of the lateral maxillary sinus walls could be detected in 54 sides (66.7%) in the reconstruction coronal images of CBCT, and the other 27 sides (33.3%) could not be detected.Two approximately parallel paths of the vascular were found in 3 sides (3.7%) of the lateral maxillary sinus walls.The different diagnoses occurred in 6 sinuses between two observers.The kappa of diagnostic consistency of the two observers was 0.842 (P<0.001).The mean distance between the lower border of the vascular path to the plane of the alveolar crest of 54 sides maxillary sinuses was about (13.0±4.7) mm.The mean distance between lower border of vascular path to the plane of the floor of the sinus was (9.3±4.8) mm.The vascular path was located in the floor wall in 1 sinus.During the lateral approach maxillary sinus elevation operation, intraosseous vessels were dissected in 4 sides sinus lateral wall, the vascular path was avoided consciously in 3 sides, and the sinus elevation surgery had to be given up in 1 side for the vessel was torn and bleeding.There were no vascular related messages in 73 sides of the lateral approach maxillary sinus elevation operation records.Conclusion: The vascular paths of maxillary sinus wall could be detected by CBCT in most cases.Preoperative CBCT examination was proved to be reliable.The vascular paths of maxillary sinus wall should be examined carefully.It was helpful to make the surgical design perfectible and reduce the risk of tearing the vessel in operation.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3145-3147, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the extraction technology of Baiyi rectal solution. METHODS:The effects of water amount and extraction time on extraction technology were investigated by central composite design-response surface method using OD value of berberine hydrochloride and ferulic acid and the extract yield as index. Validation test was also conducted. RESULTS:The optimal extraction technology was as 11-fold water,decocting 70 min for the first time;5-fold water,decocting 30 min for the second time. In validation test,OD value of first extraction was 0.940 0,and the bias between observed and predicted values was -2.07%;that of second extraction was 0.851 8,and the bias was -2.41%. CONCLUSIONS:The extraction technology of Baiyi rectal solution is reasonable,feasible and suitable for industrial production.

13.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 942-944, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical function of Chinese medicine enema liquid combined with antibiotics in syndrome differentiation typing treatment of chronic pelvic inflammation. Methods:A total of 240 patients with chronic pelvic inflammation were randomly divided into the control group(120)and the observation groups(120)including damp-heat stasis accumulation type,qi stagnation and blood stasis type and cold-dampness accumulation type. The patients in the control group received 0. 2g levofloxacin hydrochloride with intravenous drip,twice a day for 14 days,while those in the observation groups were given 250ml Chinese medicine enteroelysis(damp-heat stasis accumulation type was given Baiyi enteroelysis,qi stagnation and blood stasis type was given Puyao enteroelysis,and cold-dampness accumulation type was given Baiyao enteroelysis )with irrigation treatment once a day additionally. The patients in the observation group were given enteroelysis three or five days after menstruation and continued for 14 days,and the treatment course was two menstrual cycles. The indices of hemorheology and clinical efficacy were compared after the treatment between the groups. Results:The total effective rate in the observation group (91. 7% )was higher than that in the control group(81. 7% )(P < 0. 05). The improvement of whole blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,fibrinogen,erythrocyte sedimentation rate and platelet aggregation rate in the observation group were better than those in the control group(P < 0. 05). Conclusion:Chinese medicine enteroelysis shows obvious curative effect in the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory diseases,and combined with antibiotics,the effect can be strengthened,which is worthy of clinical application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478018

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a repair response to chronic liver injury caused by liver metabolic disorders due to many injury factors. Hepatic stellate cell(HSC)activation and proliferation play an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. In recent years,studies showed that microRNAs(miRNA)are involved in signal transduction pathways related with HSC activation and proliferation. This article reviewed the role of miRNA in regulation of HSC biological behavior in liver fibrogenesis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477198

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction techique for Qingrejiedu oral liquid.Methods The amount of water, extraction time , extraction times and alcohol content were used as inspection factor, 3 levels per factor, with baicalin, chlorogenic acid , geniposide transfer rate and extraction rate as indexes,carries on Weighted comprehensive evaluation,the optimal extractin were screened by L9 (34 ) orthogonal test.ResuIts The optimal extraction condition of Qingrejiedu oral liquid were as follow:extraction for 3 times and 1h each time with 8-fold amount of water and 70% alcohol. ConcIusion Through the orthogonal test, the extraction process of Qingrejiedu oral liquid is designed reasonably, the result is reliable, and the extraction effect is good, and has higher application value.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477180

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate iodine nutrition status in healthy adults in Xinjiang Urumqi city and their relationship to ethnicity, gender and age. Method A cross-sectional survey was performed in 2 100 residents of Xinjiang Urumqi 2 communities in May 2013, of which 1 835 healthy adults aged 18-84 years, mean age 46.3 ± 14.2 years were enrolled. Urine iodine with arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry and salt iodine and water iodine of the residents were measured. Result The water iodine content was 3.14 μg/L, salt iodine was 27.75 mg/kg, 1 835 urine samples were collected, the urinary iodine median(MUI) was133.4 μg/L, iodine deficiency accounted for 32.37% (595 cases), iodine sufficient 42.94% (788 cases), iodine super-sufficient 14.44%(265 cases), iodine excess 10.19%(187 cases). The urine iodine level in Han ethnic group was higher than those in Uygur adults, no significant difference was observed between men and women (P>0.05). Urinary iodine levels among different age groups had no statistical difference, but in the older groups the level was lower than that in young or middle age adults. The urinary iodine level decreased gradually with the age increasing. Conclusion There was a sufficient pattern of iodine nutrition levels in healthy adults in Xinjiang Urumqi; there was a correlation between the level of iodine nutrition and the ethnicity but not with gender;iodine nutrition level in older age group was lower than those in younger age groups. Monitoring the urinary iodine continually and decreasing iodine intake may be necessary for part of iodine excess population.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 811-814, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302073

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the rates of diagnosis on thyroid disease and the differences in the distribution of age groups among those permanent residents, to analyze the relationships among thyroid function, thyroid antibodies and urinary iodine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional survey was performed in 1 995 permanent residents in Urumqi, Xinjiang in May, 2013, Among them, 1 906 were healthy adults aged 18-84 age, with mean age as (46.3 ± 14.2) years and 30.4% of them were men. One time 10 ml random urine and blood samples were drown to examine urinary iodine (UI) thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), anti-thyroglobulin (TgAb) and anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) 213 residents were newly diagnosed as having thyroid dysfunction (11.2%, including 78.4% women), hyperthyroidism (clinical and subclinical hyperthyroidism) that accounted for 2.7%, hypothyroidism (clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism) was accounted for 8.5%. Positive rates of TgAb (23.2%), TPOAb (16.6%) were noticed. The median urinary iodine was 134.5 µg/L, with 32% of the subjects were having iodine deficiency, 58% having adequate iodine and another 10% as under excessive iodine. No differences were observed on urine iodine between thyroid dysfunction and euthyroidism or between subjects with positive and negative antibodies. 2) TSH appeared different among age-groups of 18-, 45- and over 60. TSH showed higher in women than in men, with P value as < 0.001. For people with euthyroidism, TSH level in the antibody positive group was significantly higher than the antibody negative group (P < 0.000 1). 3) For people over 60 of age, morbidity of hypothyroidism was significantly higher than those under 60 but with no differences related to hyperthyroidism or the antibody positive rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>UI levels were not significantly related with thyroid function and thyroid antibodies among residents of Urumqi, women showed higher on thyroid dysfunction or the rate of positive antibody. In the antibody positive group, TSH levels were significantly higher than in the antibody negative group. Hypothyroidism was seen higher in the over 60-years-of-age population. Monitoring programs on thyroid function, thyroid antibodies and urinary iodine among people over 60-years-of-age, should be strengthened.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Autoantibodies , Blood , Autoantigens , Blood , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hypothyroidism , Epidemiology , Immunologic Tests , Iodide Peroxidase , Blood , Iodine , Urine , Iron-Binding Proteins , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroid Diseases , Epidemiology , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Physiology , Thyrotropin , Blood , Thyroxine , Blood , Triiodothyronine , Blood , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455884

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of capsular contracture in breast augmentation with smooth versus textured breast implants using a Meta method.Methods Terms such as breast augmentation, capsular contracture, smooth implant, textured implant, breast implant were searched in databases such as MEDLINE,EMBASE,Cochrane Library,CBM and VIP.Documents about breast augmentation with textured and smooth implants were totally collected,and the data of these trials were extracted to obtain a pooled odds ratio of capsular contracture and other complications.Meta analyses were performed by RevMan 5.2 software to estimate the combined effect values.Results Eleven clinical controlled trials were included.The results of meta analysis showed that textured implants group and smooth implant group presented the risk of capsular contracture combined OR=0.32 (95% CI,0.18 to 0.58,P=0.0002),and also presented the risk of other complications combined OR=1.31 (95% CI,0.96 to 1.77,P=0.09).Conclusions Compared with smooth implants,textured implants reduce the risk of capsular contracture after breast augmentation.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329247

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of exposure to different concentrations of ethanol on neural progenitor cells and the differentiation of neurons and glial cells in zebrafish embryos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 1%, 2%, and 2.5% (V/V) ethanol at 5 hpf by adding ethanol to the egg water. In situ hybridization and real-time PCR were used to detect the changes in the mRNA expression profiles of the markers of different cells to examine the effects of alcohol on neural development.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of neural precursor cells, neurons and mature glial cells was significantly reduced in the zebrafish embryos following ethanol exposure, and this reduction became more prominent as the ethanol concentration increased. The expression of the early glial marker slc1a3a was down-regulated in the spinal cord but increased in the brain after exposure to increased ethanol concentrations. The expression of the mature glial markers was significantly lowered in response to exposure to increasing ethanol concentrations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ethanol can reduce neural precursor cells and inhibits neuronal and glial differentiation in zebrafish embryos.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Ethanol , Neural Stem Cells , Neurogenesis , Neuroglia , Neurons , Spinal Cord , Zebrafish , Embryology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of quercetin on apoptosis and feedback regulation of MDM2-p53 in multiform glioblastoma U87 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>U87 cells exposed to different concentrations of quercetin (50, 100, and 150 µmol/L) were examined with flow cytometry, RT-PCR and Western blotting for detecting the cell apoptosis, MDM2 mRNA expression, and p53 and caspase-3 expressions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Quercetin induced obvious apoptosis in U87 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, with apoptosis rates of (12.40∓0.70)% at Q0, (22.53∓0.72)% at Q50, (29.06∓0.81)% at Q100, and (31.5∓0.45)% at Q150. Quercetin significantly increased the expressions of MDM2 mRNA and active caspase-3 protein but decreased the expression of p53 in the cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Quercetin promotes the apoptosis of multiform glioblastoma U87 cells mediated by caspase-3 and influences the feedback balance of MDM2-p53.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 , Metabolism , Quercetin , Pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
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