Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 326-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of radiofrequency ablation in breast conserving surgery with breast carcinoma.Methods:With retrospective research methods, a total of 230 patients who were treated with radiofrequency ablation after breast conserving surgery in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018 were selected, patients were all females, the median age was 56 yecers, ranged from 27 to 91 years, and the postoperative efficacy, patients′ satisfaction with their appearance and complications were outpatient follow-up.Results:Follow-up for 18 months showed that 2 (0.87%) patients had postoperative recurrence and metastasis, 217 (94.35%) patients were satisfied with the postoperative breast appearance, and 8 patients (3.48%) had skin burns and in- situ sclerosing. Conclusions:Radiofrequency ablation is used in breast conserving surgery, which is simple to operate and has a low incidence of complications. It can strengthen local tumor control and improve the cosmetic effect of breast after conserving surgery, worthy of clinical promotion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863266

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018.The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years.For breast invasive ductal cancer,patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,and then received radiofrequency ablation.The clinical and pathological characteristics,postoperative complications,recurrence and metastasis,and cosmetic effects were observed.Results All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation.The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months,ranging from 2 to 43 months,without local recurrence or metastasis;skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%),and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%);cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).Conclusions The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates.And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,封4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.Methods A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green.The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.Results Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery.All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative.The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.Conclusions Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy.More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018. The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years. For breast invasive ductal cancer, patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and then received radiofrequency ablation. The clinical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications, recurrence and metastasis, and cosmetic effects were observed.@*Results@#All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation. The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months, ranging from 2 to 43 months, without local recurrence or metastasis; skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%), and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%); cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).@*Conclusions@#The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates. And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799272

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.@*Methods@#A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green. The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.@*Results@#Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery. All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative. The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.@*Conclusions@#Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy. More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693860

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyofibroma is a benign and rare proliferation of myofibroblasts and fibroblasts of the skin.Dermatomyofibroma commonly locates at the shoulder and neck of young adults and adolescents.Other frequently affected anatomic sites are upper arms,thigh,chest wall,back,axillary region and abdomen.Herein,we reported a case of dermatomyofibroma occurred in the nasion.The asymptomatic firm nodule and histopathological features were consistent with dermatomyofibroma.Immunohistochemically,the tumor cells expressed vimentin,HHF35 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA).The patient was followed up for 2 years after excision of the tumors and recurrences were not observed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 419-424, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806637

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the antibacterial property and biological activity of Ti dental implant with antimicrobial peptide Pac-525 coatings, and to study the effect of peptide Pac-525 coatings on Porphyromonas gingivalis's antibacterial performance and osteoblast proliferation and adhesion.@*Methods@#After ultrasonic micro arc oxidation, alkali treatment and silane treatment, forty-five pure titanium specimens were exposed to antibacterial peptide Pac-525 in different concentration (0.25, 0.50, 0.75 g/L). The titanium specimens in the control group were only treated with ultrasonic micro arc oxidation, alkali treatment and silane treatment. The morphologies of coatings were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), and the element changes were detected by energy spectrum analyzer. Orange acridine-ethidium bromide double staining was used to detect the average percentage of live bacteria and biofilm thickness, after the specimens in each group and Porphyromonas gingivalis were co-cultured for 72 hours. Cell counting Kit-8 method and immunofluorescence staining were used to test the proliferation of osteoblasts, the number and growth morphologies of adherent cells, respectively.@*Results@#SEM and energy spectrum analysis showed that the Pac-525 particles loaded on the surface of the coating, and the C and N elements in the Pac-525 coating group were significantly more than those in the control group. The average percentage of living bacteria in the control group, 0.25, 0.50 and 0.75 g/L antimicrobial peptides were 0.58%, 0.45%, 0.34% and 0.28%, respectively, and the difference between each group was statistically significant (P<0.05). The biofilm thickness of Porphyromonas gingivalis in 0.50 and 0.75 g/L antibacterial peptide group were (98.3±1.2) and (94.5±2.5) μm respectively, which were significantly less than those in control group and 0.25 g/L antibacterial peptide group [(117.6±1.5) and (118.0±1.3) μm] (P<0.05), respectively. The number of bone cell adhesion and proliferation of all antimicrobial peptides were significantly greater than those in the control group (P<0.05), and the cells stretched better.@*Conclusions@#The antibacterial peptide coating of titanium implants could inhibit the formation of bacterial biofilm. It had good antibacterial properties and could promote the adhesion and proliferation of osteoblasts.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 249-254, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808527

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the spontaneous neoplastic lesions and their incidences in Sprague-Dawley (SD) and Wistar rats, and to accumulate background data for carcinogenicity studies.@*Methods@#One hundred and eighty SD rats and 240 Wistar rats (4-week old) , half in each sex, were used in this study. The rats were housed routinely under specific pathogen-free environment and euthanized after 104 weeks. Histopathological examination was undertaken for all animals including deaths and scheduled euthanasia. The types and incidences of spontaneous tumors were gathered statistically.@*Results@#Total 411 rats (176 SD rats and 235 Wistar rats) were examined in this study. The total tumor incidence of the 411 rats was 57.7%(237/411). The total tumor incidence in SD rats was 55.7%(98/176), benign tumor incidence was 48.9%(86/176) and malignant tumor incidence was 15.9%(28/176). The total tumor incidence in Wistar rats was 59.1%(139/235), benign tumor incidence was 51.5%(121/235) and malignant tumor incidence was 14.5%(34/235). The main benign tumors were pituitary adenoma (23.3% in SD rats, 12.3% in Wistar rats), breast fibroadenoma (21.3% in SD rats, 12.9% in Wistar rats) and breast adenoma (16.9% in SD rats, 9.5% in Wistar rats) in females; testis Leydig cell tumor (0 in SD rats, 14.3% in Wistar rats) in males. The main malignant tumors were breast carcinoma (10.1% in SD rats, 3.4% in Wistar rats) and uterine leiomyosarcoma (0 in SD rats, 2.6% in Wistar rats) in females; squamous cell carcinoma of skin (2.3% in SD rats, 0.9% in Wistar rats); subcutaneous fibrosarcoma (1.1% in SD rats, 2.1% in Wistar rats); brain malignant glioma (1.1% in SD rats, 1.7% in Wistar rats).@*Conclusions@#In the study, a high incidence of spontaneous tumors is reported in both SD and Wistar rats housed for 2 years. The incidence of benign tumors is higher than that of malignant rumors. The benign tumors mainly are pituitary adenoma, breast fibroadenoma and breast adenoma in females, and testis Leydig cell tumor in males. The malignant tumors mainly are breast carcinoma and some soft tissue sarcomas. The results of the study enrich the data of spontaneous tumor in SD and Wisar rats and provide background data for carcinogenicity studies for new drugs.

10.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 823-827, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the intervention mechanism of Yiqi Huoxue Fang on deep venous thrombosis ( DVT) of rabbit model,by observing its effects on serum t-PA and PAI-1,D-D,NO,CRP,PT,blood rheology and vascular pathology. Methods Fifty New Zealand rabbits were randomly selected.Ten rabbits were served as blank control group.DVT animal models were established in the remaining 40 rabbits, which were randomly divided into model control group, Yiqi Fang group, Huoxue Fang group and Yiqi Huoxue Fang group (n=10 each group).The changes of serum t-PA,PAI-1,D-D,NO,CRP,PT and pathological changes of blood vessel were observed after 7-days treatment. Results As compared with the blank control group, the serum t-PA,PAI-1,D-D,CRP and PT were significantly increased in the model control group,Yiqi Fang group,Huoxue Fang group and Yiqi Huoxue Fang group (all P0.05 in Yiqi Huoxue Fang group vs.the blank control group).As compared with model control group,the serum t-PA,NO,D-D increased,PAI-1 and CRP value reduced in Yiqi Huoxue Fang group and Huoxue fang group (P<0.01 or P<0.05).As compared with Yiqi Huoxue Fang group,serum t-PA in both Yiqi Fang group and Huoxue Fang group was significantly lower (P<0.01 and P<0.05) ,other indexes were significantly higher than that in Yiqi Huoxue Fang group (serum PAI-1,P<0.01 in Yiqi Fang group;NO and D-D,P<0.01 or P<0.05 in Yiqi Fang group;CRP value,P<0.01).Vascular pathology showed that blood vessels,especially vascular endothelia,of Yiqi Huoxue Fang group were most slightly injured,with slightest infiltration of inflammatory cells. Conclusion Yiqi Huoxue Fang can prevent DVT through regulating t-PA and PAI-1,keeping the fibrinolytic system function at a relatively high level,protecting vascular intima and relieving the inflammation in venous thrombosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452203

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have confirmed that the active ingredients ofPaeonia lactiflora Pal. have better inhibitory effects onCandida albicans, but its monomer paeoniflorin has not been reported whether it can inhibit Candida albicans biofilm. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of paeoniflorin onCandida albicans biofilm in vitro. METHODS:Paeoniflorin solution at different concentrations of 4, 2, 1, 0.5, 0.25 g/L was prepared using RPMI-1640 according to 2-fold dilution method. Chlorhexidine was diluted with RPMI-1640 to different concentrations, including 2%, 1%, 0.5%, 0.25%, 0.125%. We compared the effects of different concentrations of chlorhexidine and paeoniflorin on diameter ofCandida albicans by agar diffusion method. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of chlorhexidine or paeoniflorin on the celladhesion of Candida albicans as wel as their inhibitory effects onCandida albicans biofilms. Confocal laser scanning microscope and LIVE/DEAD BacLight Bacterial Viability Kits were combined to observe the changes ofCandida albicans biofilms under normal or intervention conditions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Both chlorhexidine and paeoniflorin possessed bacteriostatic ability, and their bacteriostatic ring diameters were positively correlated with drug concentrations. Significant differences in the bacteriostatic ring diameter were observed between chlorhexidine and paeoniflorin, except between 2 g/L paeoniflorin and 1%, 2% chlorhexidine. Paeoniflorin at different concentration could inhibit celladhesion of Candida albicans as wel as inhibitCandida albicans biofilm. The inhibition rate was also positively correlated with drug concentrations. Under normal conditions, most of bacteria in the biofilms were alive, and there was a smal amount of dead bacteria after 48 hours. After intervention with paeoniflorin, the proportion of dead bacteria in the biofilms was increasing along with the concentrations of paeoniflorin. Compared with the chlorhexidine, paeoniflorin showed a lower bacteriostatic activity. These findings indicate that paeoniflorin has an obvious inhibitory action in Candida albicans biofilms in vitro.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417902

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the nutritional status of elderly Chinese operative patients with lung cancer as well as its correlation with postoperative complications through the application of modified mini-nutritional assessment (MNA) and short-form MNA (MNA-SF).MethodsOne hundred and fifty elderly Chinese patients with lung cancer underwent operation were enrolled in this study from June 2010 to June 2011.Collected information including preoperative nutritional evaluation in modified MNA and MNA-SF,general information of patients,disease status,anthropometric measurements,biochemical markers,and postoperative complications.ResultsAccording to the modified cutoff point of the full MNA in the 150patients (98 males,52 females),10.7%(16/150) patients were malnourished,32.0%(48/150) patients were at risk of malnutrition and 57.3%(86/150) patients were well nourished.MNA was (23.7 ± 3.8) scores.Positive correlations were found between MNA and body mass index (BMI),mid-arm circumference(MAC)and calf circumference (CC) (P < 0.01 ).MNA-SF was ( 11.5 ± 2.4) scores.Positive correlations were found between MNA-SF and BMI,triceps skinfold (TSF),MAC,CC,MNA (P<0.01 or <0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications was as following sequentially: respiratory complication was 37.4% (55/147),cardiovascular complication was 31.3%(46/147),thoracic cavity complication was 0.7%( 1/147 ).There was no significant difference among groups in different numbers of complications (P=0.590) and among groups in different types of complications (P =0.601 ).ConclusionsModified MNA is suited to elderly Chinese operative patients with lung cancer.Evaluation shows that there is high prevalence of malnutrition among this population,and the correlations between MNA results and postoperative complications should be confirmed in further study.Positive correlations were found between MNA and body mass index (BMI),mid-arm circumference(MAC)and calf circumference (CC) (P < 0.01 ).MNA-SF was ( 11.5 ± 2.4) scores.Positive correlations were found between MNA-SF and BMI,triceps skinfold (TSF),MAC,CC,MNA (P<0.01 or <0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications was as following sequentially: respiratory complication was 37.4% (55/147),cardiovascular complication was 31.3%(46/147),thoracic cavity complication was 0.7%( 1/147 ).There was no significant difference among groups in different numbers of complications (P=0.590) and among groups in different types of complications (P =0.601 ).ConclusionsModified MNA is suited to elderly Chinese operative patients with lung cancer.Evaluation shows that there is high prevalence of malnutrition among this population,and the correlations between MNA results and postoperative complications should be confirmed in further study.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417399

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical characteristics of invasive Luminal subtype breast cancer.Methods The data of 162 invasive Luminal subtype breast cancer patients receiving operation in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Science from January 1 st to September 30th in 2002,were collected and the clinical characteristics,recurrences,metastasis and survivals were retrospectively analyzed.Results The median time of follow-up was 92 months,ranging from 4 to 98 months.41 cases (25.3%,41/162) presented local recurrence or metastasis including 32 cases with metastasis ( 19.8%,32/162),2 cases with local recurrences (1.2%,2/162) and 7 cases with both local recurrence and metastasis (4.3%,7/162) ;Disease-free survival (DFS) and the 5-year DFS were 73.1% and 79.6%,respectively.27 patients ( 16.7%,27/162) died of breast cancer,the overall survival (OS) and 5-year OS were 82.5% and 85.3%,respectively.According to Kaplen-Meier survival analysis,tumor size,lymph node status and clinical stage were correlated to overall survival time ( P < 0.05 ) ; and rumor size,lymph node starus,grade,clinical stage and PR status were correlated to disease-free survival time ( P < 0.05 ).By multivariate analysis,TNM stage,PR and PCNA were independent prognostic factors correlated to overall survival time (OR=0.633,95% CI:0.411 -0.976,P<0.05; OR =0.823,95% CI:1.012-3.283,P < 0.05) ; TNM stage and PR was independent prognostic factors correlated to disease-free survival time (OR =3.273,95% CI:1.719 - 6.232,P < 0.01 ; OR =0.599,95% CI:0.423 - 0.850,P < 0.01 ).Conclusions In invasive Luminal subtype breast cancers,PR is correlated to fine prognosis,and PCNA is correlated to overall survival time.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390384

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the feasibility and indications of local resection as an alternative to pancreaticoduedenectomy for the treatment of early stage ampullary cancer. Methods In this study,36 patients with an AJCC.stage pTl ampullary carcinoma were operated on between 1989 and 2009.Among those local resection was performed in 11 cases and pancreaticoduodenectomy in 25 cases.The main outcome measures were pre-and intra-operative diagnosis and staing,postoperative morbidity and mortality,recurrence.free and overall survival.Results Amp-llary cancerat early stageWas difficult to be diagnosed and staged before and during operation.It was at a much lower risk to perform local resection than pancreaticoduodenectomy.Postoperative complications were significantly lower in local resefion group than in pancreaticoduodenectomy group(P=0.031);whereas the postoperative hospital stay(P=0.254),perioperative mortality(P=1.000).disease-free survival(P=0:301)and long-term survival(P=0.289) were not statistically different between.the two groups. Conclusions Since accurate diagnosis and staginging of early ampullary cancer was diit3cult to establish perioperatively.local resection should be indicated forpoor risk pafients or those who refuse pancreaticoduedenectomy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393016

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features of primary splenic lymphoma. Method Clinicopatholngie features of 29 patients with primary splenic lymphoma treated in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from November 2000 to August 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Results In this study 27 cases were confirmed to be non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and 2 cases were of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). According to Ahmann's staging, 6 cases belonged to stage Ⅰ, 4 was stage Ⅱ, and 19 was stage Ⅲ. Twenty-six patients received spleneetomy, 2 cases did splenectomy plus pancreatic body and tail resection, and 1 case did spleneetomy plus partial gastrectomy. Postoperatively, 19 cases received chemotherapy, and 5 of the 19 patients received rituximab (Mabthera) treatment. One patient received radiotherapy for regional lymph node invasion. The median time of follow-up was 24 months (range, 2 -93 months). The l-year, 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 96%, 83% and 73%, respectively. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 96%, 51% and 51%, respectively. Conclusions Primary splenic lymphoma is the most common malignant tumor of the spleen. Splenectomy combined with excision of invaded tissues or organs is important therapy for patients with primary splenic lymphoma. Comprehensive treatments including chemotherapy, radiotherapy and biotherapy are recommended after operation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, the researches on steroid-induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head are mostly concentrated on the treatment of formed necrosis. And there are fewer reports on how to prevent the ostoenecrosis of the femoral head in the course of steroid therapy.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of preventive medication on femoral head structure and blood flow in steroid-induced osteonecrosis.DESIGN: Randomized controlled experiment.SETTING: Department of Pharmacology, Department of Anatomy, Medical College of Shaoguan University; Department of Nuclear Medicine, Guangdong Province Yuebei People's Hospital.MATERIALS: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits of either sex, whose body mass was (2.5±0.5) kg.METHODS: The experiment was carried out in the Central Laboratory,Medical College of Shaoguan University, the Department of Electron Microscope, the Northern Campus of Guangzhou, Sun Yat-sen University, and the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Guangdong Province Yuebei People's Hospital from April to July 2005. ①Thirty rabbits were divided randomly into 3 groups with 10 rabbits in each group: control group with intramuscular injection of 1 mL/kg normal saline twice a week and meanwhile, intragastric administration of normal saline(10 mL/d), steroid group with intramuscular injection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate(1 mL/kg) twice a week and meanwhile, intragastric administration of normal saline(10 mL/d),treatment group with intramuscular injection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate(1 mL/kg) twice a week and meanwhile, intragastric administration ofXuesaitong(25 mg/kg), Zhibituo(350 mg/kg) and alendronate(5 mg/kg)daily for 8 weeks. ②After 1 week of drug withdrawal, the blood flow of femoral head was measured in all the rabbits with radioactive microsphere technique, and the histological changes were observed under light microscope and electron microscope.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ①Blood flow of the femoral head in each group.②Histological and morphological changes, and ultrastructure of the femoral head cartilage in each group.RESULTS: ①The blood flow in the treatment group was more than that in the steroid group[(0.261±0.042), (0.197±0.053) mL/(min·g), q=6.10,P < 0.01]. Compared with the control group[(0.243±0.039) mL/(min ·g)],the difference was not significant. ②The number of empty bone lacunae in the treatment group was fewer significantly than that in the steroid group [(15.22±5.49), (24.78±7.87) pieces, q=6.35, P < 0.01]. However, there was no difference between the treatment group and control gruop [(10.38±3.78)pieces].③In the treatment group, the bone cells were normal, the endoplasmic reticula were abundant and the cellular nuclei were of normal shape.In the steroid group, the bone cells contracted in volume, the pyknosis occurred, the chromatin gathered to the edge and the bone lacuna enlarged.CONCLUSION: While using steroid hormone for long, using Xuesaitong,Zhibituo and alendronate may elevate the blood flow of femoral head, improve the tissue structure of bone and prevent or lighten steroid-induced necrosis of femoral head.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540530

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to glucocorticoid (GG) is used wildly on clinic, incidence rate of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head is increased.Apoptosis of bone cells plays a key role in steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head during earlier period.OBJECTIVE: To induce models of femoral head necrosis of rabbits by steroid steroid so as to observe the effect of integrated Chinese and western medicine on preventing apoptosis of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head.DESIGN: Randomized controlled animal study.SETTING: Pharmacological Department and Anatomy Department of Medical College of Shaoguan University, Pathological Department of Yuebei People's Hospital of Guangdong Province.MATERIALS: The experiment was carried out at the Central Laboratory of Medical College of Shaoguan University from April to July 2005. A total of 30 adult New Zealand white rabbits were selected and randomly divided into blank control group, steroid group and preventive medicine group with 10 in each group.Xuesai tongpian, main component of panax notoginseng saponin, was provided by Yuxi Weihe Pharmaceutical Company Limited (batch number: 200410290; 25 mg/pill); zhibituo pian, main component of shanzha, baizhu, hongqu, was provided by Chengdu Di 'ao Jiuhong Pharmaceutical Factory (batch number: 0410063, 350 mg/pill); alendronate, main component of 4-amido-1-hydroxy butylidene-1, was provided by Hainan Mankexing Pharmaceutical Factory (batch number: 040501, 5 mg/pill); dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection was provided by Henan Tiankang Pharmaceutical Company Limited (batch number: 040905, 5 g/L).METHODS: ① One week later, rabbits in steroid group and preventive medicine group were injected with 1 mL dexamethasone sodium phosphate solution twice a week to establish models of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head. Animals in blank control group did not model and were injected with the same volume of saline at the same time point. ② Rabbits in preventive medicine group were prefused with 25 mg xuesai tong, 350 mg zhibituo and 5 mg alendronate at the same time for 8 weeks. Animals in steroid group and blank control group did not treat with any medicine. Benzylpenicillin was injected into muscle of animals in each group for infection prevention with the dosage of 50 000 u each rabbit twice a week. ③ One week after discontinue, apoptosis of femoral head was detected with in situ end-labeling (ISEL) method. Ten areas were selected from each carry sheet glass to calculate numbers of apoptosis in every 100 cells. Pathological changes of ultrastructure were observed with double staining of uranium acetic acid and lead citromalic acid.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Results of apoptosis of femoral head; ② Results of pathological changes of ultrastructure of femoral head under electron microscope.RESULTS: A total of 30 adult New Zealand white rabbits were selected in this study. Because one rabbit in preventive medicine group died during process, 29 rabbits were involved in the final analysis. ① Results of apoptosis of femoral head: Buffy granulosum positive cells, i.e. apoptosis cells,were observed in nucleus in steroid group. Numbers of apoptosis every 100cells were more in steroid group than those in blank control group and preventive medicine group (24.14±5.46, 2.47±0.76, 8.12±3.23, q=8.76, q=13.45, P < 0.01), and numbers in blank control group were similar to those in preventive medicine group (P > 0.05). ② Results of pathological changes of ultrastructure of femoral head under electron microscope: Volume of nucleus in steroid group was decreased; chromatin was aggregated at edge; part of chromatin was dark and thick; density of electron was increased; structure was unclear; characteristics of apoptosis were shown. Nuclear membrane in preventive medicine group was complete under electron microscope, chromatin was steady, and the nucleus was accounted for one third of cell.CONCLUSION: The integrated application of xuesai tong,, zhibituo and alendronate can inhibit hormonal-induced apoptosis of femoral head after necrosis of femoral head induced by steroid steroid.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564273

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of unilateral ureter obstruction(UUO) on the expression of complement 5a receptor(C5aR) in rat renal tissue,and to investigate the roles played by C5aR in the development of renal intersititial fibrosis.Methods Thirty six male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned into two groups(18 each): sham-operated group and UUO group.The left ureter of the rats in UUO group was obstructed,while in sham-operated group the left ureter was not.Six rats in each group were executed respectively on the 5th,10th and 15th day after surgery.Histological changes in renal tubular interstitium were observed with H.E.and Masson staining,and the expression of C5aR in renal tissues was detected by iminunohistochemical ELiVisionTM plus at each time point.Results Renal tubular dilatation and partial interstitial cells degeneration were found in UUO group on the 5th day after surgery.Necrosis of the interstitial cells was found in renal tubule,and the interstitial fibrosis was found on the 10th day.On the 15th day after surgery diffuse thickening and shrinkage of renal tubular basement membrane and obvious fibrosis were found(P0.05).Conclusion The C5aR expression in renal tissue increases significantly at the early stage of UUO,while the process is slowed down in the later stage.C5aR may take part in the process of renal intersititial fibrosis at the early stage.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 238-239, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for determination of the contents of puerarin in infant Fuxieling effervescent granules with HPLC.METHODS:The puerarin was extracted by ultrasonics, using methanol as solvate.The stratographic column was Shim - Pack C1s with acetonitrile - water( 10: 90) as mobile phase. The flow rate was 2.0ml/min and the detecting wavelenghth was 250nm.The temperature of column was 25℃ .RESULTS:The resolution between the puerarin and the adjacent peaks was >1.5 .The number of theoretical plates was 18 550 .The standard curve was linear in the range of 0.964μg~7. 712μg .The average recovery was 100.2% (RSD = 1.76%, n = 6).CONCLUSION:The method is simple, rapid and accurate. It can be used for quality control of the preparation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570429

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the optimum extracting factors of Bushenjiangu Capsule. Methods: Uniform Design was used to arrange experiments, Ursolic acid content was used to evaluate the factor levels, and the optimum extracting factors were determined according experiments and realities. The orthogonal design was used to study three factors including crude drug size extracting time and amount of water. water extracted rate and alcohol extracted substance were used to evaluate the result. Results: The optimum alcohol-extracting factors were 8 times of 70% alcohol, percatating 48 hours. The optimum water-extracting factors were 1cm or smaller the crude drug size, boiling 3 times: 3h,2h,1h, each time, the amount of water was 10,8,6 times. Conclusion: According the optimum extracting factors, the effective substance can be extracted abundantly.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL