Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 181
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919473

ABSTRACT

Background@#Because the etiologies of bronchiectasis and related diseases vary significantly among different regions and ethnicities, this study aimed to develop a diagnostic bundle for bronchiectasis in South Korea. @*Methods@#A modified Delphi method was used to develop expert consensus statements on a diagnostic bundle for bronchiectasis in South Korea. Initial statements proposed by a core panel, based on international bronchiectasis guidelines, were discussed in an online meeting and two email surveys by a panel of experts (≥70% agreement). @*Results@#The study involved 21 expert participants, and 30 statements regarding a diagnostic bundle for bronchiectasis were classified as recommended, conditional, or not recommended. The consensus statements of the expert panel were as follows: A standardized diagnostic bundle is useful in clinical practice; diagnostic tests for specific diseases, including immunodeficiency and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, are necessary when clinically suspected; initial diagnostic tests, including sputum microbiology and spirometry, are essential in all patients with bronchiectasis, and patients suspected with rare causes such as primary ciliary dyskinesia should be referred to specialized centers. @*Conclusion@#Based on this Delphi survey, expert consensus statements were generated including specific diagnostic, laboratory, microbiological, and pulmonary function tests required to manage patients with bronchiectasis in South Korea.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874768

ABSTRACT

Background@#Generally, allergen immunotherapy must be administered for three to five years. Meanwhile, rush immunotherapy (RIT) shortens the required duration for the build-up phase, thereby improving the therapy's convenience compared with conventional immunotherapy (CIT). However, RIT is often performed with modified allergens. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the safety and utility of RIT with aqueous allergens. @*Methods@#Medical records of 98 patients sensitized with at least one inhalant allergen who had received subcutaneous immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis with or without asthma were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were classified into three groups: depot-RIT (n = 25), receiving RIT with depot allergen; aqueous-RIT (n = 48), receiving RIT with aqueous allergen; and aqueous-CIT (n = 25), receiving CIT with aqueous allergen. Patients who had received immunotherapy targeting only house dust mites were excluded. @*Results@#The proportions of patients presenting with a systemic reaction to depot-RIT, aqueous-RIT, or aqueous-CIT were 80.0%, 85.4%, and 48.0%, respectively (P = 0.002). The proportions of patients experiencing severe systemic reaction were 4.0%, 16.7%, and 8.0% in depot-RIT, aqueous-RIT and aqueous-CIT, respectively (P = 0.223). The proportions of depotRIT and aqueous-RIT patients presenting with systemic reaction or severe systemic reaction did not differ significantly (P = 0.553 and P = 0.118, respectively). Significantly fewer depotRIT (1.0 ± 0.2) and aqueous-RIT patients (2.0 ± 1.3) required outpatient clinical visits during the build-up phase, compared to those administered aqueous-CIT (13.6 ± 1.9; P < 0.001).Moreover, the build-up phase decreased to 17.4 ± 1.8 days in depot-RIT and 23.7 ± 10.9 days in aqueous-RIT, compared to 92.0 ± 12.5 days in aqueous-CIT (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#RIT with aqueous allergen reduced the build-up phase duration and frequency of hospital visits, with acceptable safety levels. RIT with aqueous allergen may, therefore, be suitable for broad application to patients with respiratory allergies.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892205

ABSTRACT

Background@#Studies have reported on the usefulness of whole spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating specific diseases such as spinal tuberculosis, spinal trauma, spondyloarthropathies, and multiple myeloma. In studies concerning degenerative spinal disease, sample sizes were small and some did not provide information on how symptomatic coexisting lesions were treated. We evaluated the types and prevalence of coexisting spine lesions found on whole spine T2 sagittal screening performed at the time of routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI and evaluated the efficacy of such screening in degenerative diseases of the cervical and lumbar spine. @*Methods@#We reviewed 1,757 and 2,266 consecutive cases where whole spine T2 sagittal screening had been performed with routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI, respectively, in patients with cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases. Coexisting spine lesions were documented and statistical analysis was performed to investigate significant differences according to sex, age, and initial diagnosis. Electronic medical records were reviewed to determine whether additional interventions were necessary following such findings. @*Results@#We reviewed 1,252 and 1,689 consecutive cases of routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI respectively, with whole spine T2 sagittal screening. Of the 1,252, 419 (33.5%) patients with cervical spinal degenerative disease had coexisting lesions in the thoracolumbar spine.Patients with ligament ossification disease of the cervical spine showed a higher prevalence of coexisting spine lesions. Sixty of the 419 (14.3%) patients with coexisting spine lesions warranted additional intervention or surgical treatment. Four hundred and eighty-one of 1,689 (28.5%) patients with lumbar degenerative disease had coexisting spine lesions in the cervicothoracic spine. Forty-eight of the 481 (10.0%) patients with coexisting spine lesions warranted additional intervention. In both patient groups, older patients showed a significantly higher prevalence of coexisting spine lesions than younger patients. @*Conclusion@#Considering the minimal extra time and cost in performing whole spine screening, its application to routine spine MRI can be considered in evaluating cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899909

ABSTRACT

Background@#Studies have reported on the usefulness of whole spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating specific diseases such as spinal tuberculosis, spinal trauma, spondyloarthropathies, and multiple myeloma. In studies concerning degenerative spinal disease, sample sizes were small and some did not provide information on how symptomatic coexisting lesions were treated. We evaluated the types and prevalence of coexisting spine lesions found on whole spine T2 sagittal screening performed at the time of routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI and evaluated the efficacy of such screening in degenerative diseases of the cervical and lumbar spine. @*Methods@#We reviewed 1,757 and 2,266 consecutive cases where whole spine T2 sagittal screening had been performed with routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI, respectively, in patients with cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases. Coexisting spine lesions were documented and statistical analysis was performed to investigate significant differences according to sex, age, and initial diagnosis. Electronic medical records were reviewed to determine whether additional interventions were necessary following such findings. @*Results@#We reviewed 1,252 and 1,689 consecutive cases of routine cervical and lumbar spine MRI respectively, with whole spine T2 sagittal screening. Of the 1,252, 419 (33.5%) patients with cervical spinal degenerative disease had coexisting lesions in the thoracolumbar spine.Patients with ligament ossification disease of the cervical spine showed a higher prevalence of coexisting spine lesions. Sixty of the 419 (14.3%) patients with coexisting spine lesions warranted additional intervention or surgical treatment. Four hundred and eighty-one of 1,689 (28.5%) patients with lumbar degenerative disease had coexisting spine lesions in the cervicothoracic spine. Forty-eight of the 481 (10.0%) patients with coexisting spine lesions warranted additional intervention. In both patient groups, older patients showed a significantly higher prevalence of coexisting spine lesions than younger patients. @*Conclusion@#Considering the minimal extra time and cost in performing whole spine screening, its application to routine spine MRI can be considered in evaluating cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897933

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) in Korean postmenopausal women and the association between OVCFs and clinical factors such as age, bone mineral density (BMD), and quality of life. @*Methods@#According to the population distribution in four regions in Korea, 1,281 postmenopausal female patients were recruited from nationwide orthopedic outpatient clinics. Radiologic, asymptomatic, and within 3 months of OVCF groups were analyzed based on age, fracture location, and prevalence according to BMD. In addition, BMD, T-score, body mass index, and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) were investigated in the three groups, and the differences between groups were compared and analyzed. @*Results@#The prevalence of radiologic OVCFs at the T11–L1 was 3.7 times higher in the 70s group (44.0%) than in the 50s group (11.9%). Femur and total hip BMD were significantly lower in patients with thoracolumbar junction fractures than in patients with L2–5 fractures, whereas no difference was observed in lumbar spine BMD. Of the three OVCF groups, the within 3 months of OVCF group had the lowest lumbar spine T-score of –2.445. The asymptomatic OVCF group also showed significantly lower lumbar spine T-score than did the group without radiologic OVCFs (p < 0.001). The EQ-5D showed a significant decrease in the radiologic OVCF group (p < 0.001) and within 3 months of OVCF group (p < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of OVCFs in the thoracolumbar junction rapidly increases with old age and low BMD in Korean postmenopausal women. Femur and total hip BMD are more predictive of thoracolumbar junction fractures than lumbar spine BMD.Patients with radiologic OVCFs had a significantly lower quality of life than no OVCF group. Therefore, this study shows it is important to treat and prevent osteoporosis before an OVCF occurs.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890229

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) in Korean postmenopausal women and the association between OVCFs and clinical factors such as age, bone mineral density (BMD), and quality of life. @*Methods@#According to the population distribution in four regions in Korea, 1,281 postmenopausal female patients were recruited from nationwide orthopedic outpatient clinics. Radiologic, asymptomatic, and within 3 months of OVCF groups were analyzed based on age, fracture location, and prevalence according to BMD. In addition, BMD, T-score, body mass index, and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) were investigated in the three groups, and the differences between groups were compared and analyzed. @*Results@#The prevalence of radiologic OVCFs at the T11–L1 was 3.7 times higher in the 70s group (44.0%) than in the 50s group (11.9%). Femur and total hip BMD were significantly lower in patients with thoracolumbar junction fractures than in patients with L2–5 fractures, whereas no difference was observed in lumbar spine BMD. Of the three OVCF groups, the within 3 months of OVCF group had the lowest lumbar spine T-score of –2.445. The asymptomatic OVCF group also showed significantly lower lumbar spine T-score than did the group without radiologic OVCFs (p < 0.001). The EQ-5D showed a significant decrease in the radiologic OVCF group (p < 0.001) and within 3 months of OVCF group (p < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of OVCFs in the thoracolumbar junction rapidly increases with old age and low BMD in Korean postmenopausal women. Femur and total hip BMD are more predictive of thoracolumbar junction fractures than lumbar spine BMD.Patients with radiologic OVCFs had a significantly lower quality of life than no OVCF group. Therefore, this study shows it is important to treat and prevent osteoporosis before an OVCF occurs.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891993

ABSTRACT

Background@#It can be difficult to differentiate between vascular and neurogenic intermittent claudication. The exact diagnosis often cannot be made on clinical evidence and ultimately requires imaging. Perioperative screening for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients is important because untreated PAD increases the risk of severe vascular events. The aims of this study were to study the prevalence of PAD in LSS patients with symptoms of intermittent claudication, and to study the independent risk factors for PAD. We specified the cases where it was necessary to perform computed tomography angiography (CTA) as a preoperative screening tool in surgery for spinal stenosis. @*Methods@#This study involved a retrospective analysis of 186 consecutive subjects with radiographic evidence of LSS and symptoms of intermittent claudication, who underwent 3D CTA of the lower extremities at our institution during a three-year period. More than 50% luminal narrowing on CT angiograms was determined to be clinically significant and placed in the PAD group. @*Results@#Thirty-two subjects were diagnosed with PAD and referred to the general vascular team in our hospital, where they received treatment for PAD. In the non-PAD group (154 subjects), 117 underwent definitive surgery for spinal stenosis such as posterior lumbar interbody fusion and a further 37 underwent conservative treatment. Only hypertension, diabetes, and men gender were found to be statistically significant predictors of PAD. @*Conclusion@#The current study showed that man gender, diabetes and hypertension were the greatest risk factors for PAD. We conclude that man patients with diabetes and/or hypertension should be put under serious consideration for routine CTA examination when under evaluation for LSS and intermittent claudication.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899697

ABSTRACT

Background@#It can be difficult to differentiate between vascular and neurogenic intermittent claudication. The exact diagnosis often cannot be made on clinical evidence and ultimately requires imaging. Perioperative screening for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients is important because untreated PAD increases the risk of severe vascular events. The aims of this study were to study the prevalence of PAD in LSS patients with symptoms of intermittent claudication, and to study the independent risk factors for PAD. We specified the cases where it was necessary to perform computed tomography angiography (CTA) as a preoperative screening tool in surgery for spinal stenosis. @*Methods@#This study involved a retrospective analysis of 186 consecutive subjects with radiographic evidence of LSS and symptoms of intermittent claudication, who underwent 3D CTA of the lower extremities at our institution during a three-year period. More than 50% luminal narrowing on CT angiograms was determined to be clinically significant and placed in the PAD group. @*Results@#Thirty-two subjects were diagnosed with PAD and referred to the general vascular team in our hospital, where they received treatment for PAD. In the non-PAD group (154 subjects), 117 underwent definitive surgery for spinal stenosis such as posterior lumbar interbody fusion and a further 37 underwent conservative treatment. Only hypertension, diabetes, and men gender were found to be statistically significant predictors of PAD. @*Conclusion@#The current study showed that man gender, diabetes and hypertension were the greatest risk factors for PAD. We conclude that man patients with diabetes and/or hypertension should be put under serious consideration for routine CTA examination when under evaluation for LSS and intermittent claudication.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913280

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Anaphylaxis is life-threatening, so early recognition and proper response are critical. This study evaluated the awareness of anaphylaxis in Korean community including teachers, 119 rescue team, and doctors in public service. @*Methods@#A questionnaire of anonymously structured 9 items about anaphylaxis was administered to the teachers working in kindergartens or elementary schools, 119 rescue team, and public health physicians in Gangwon province in 2017. Additional questionnaire about knowledge on anaphylaxis management was administered to the physicians. @*Results@#A total of 415 people participated in the survey. About 4% of child care and health teachers experienced anaphylaxis within 1 year, but the overall awareness of anaphylaxis was very low, regardless of the educational level of anaphylaxis. 119 rescue teams experienced more anaphylactic patients, but they lacked knowledge of epinephrine administration and epinephrine autoinjector (EAI), independent of the educational level of anaphylaxis. Public health physicians had good knowledge of early treatment for anaphylaxis, but there was a lack of knowledge for epinephrine injection sites, observation plan, and EAI. @*Conclusion@#The awareness of anaphylaxis among community and emergency responders seems likely to be inadequate. Systematic and continuous education by anaphylaxis specialists is necessary for community health care providers.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834904

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The present study aimed to analyze and compare the prognostic performances of Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), shock index (SI), and modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) for in-hospital mortality in severe trauma. @*Methods@#This retrospective observational study included elderly (≥65 years) patients admitted for severe trauma between January 2018 and December 2018. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was performed to examine the prognostic performance of the four different tools. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality following an injury. @*Results@#Of the 279 patients included in the study, in-hospital mortality was 20.1% (n=56). In multivariate analysis, age (odds ratio [OR], 1.055; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.004-1.109), ISS (OR, 1.080; 95% CI, 1.008-1.157), Glasgow Coma Scale (OR, 0.842; 95% CI, 0.785-0.904), and respiratory rate (OR, 1.261; 95% CI, 1.071-1.486) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. The area under the curves (AUCs) of MEWS, RTS, ISS, and SI were 0.851 (95% CI, 0.763-0.857), 0.733 (0.677-0.784), 0.664 (0.606-0.720), and 0.567 (0.506-0.626), respectively. The AUC of MEWS was significantly different from those of RTS (P=0.034), ISS (P=0.001), and SI (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#MEWS has the highest prognostic performance for in-hospital mortality among four different tools in elderly patients with severe trauma.

11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831834

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Primary immunodef iciency (PID) is a serious comorbid condition in adult asthmatics that have frequent exacerbations, which requires monthly replacement of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). However, the prevalence and clinical significance of PID in adult asthmatics in Korea have not yet been reported. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of PID and its association with asthma exacerbation in Korean adult asthmatics. @*Methods@#A total of 2,866 adult asthmatics were enrolled in this study. The PID group was defined as subjects who had lower levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG)/ A/M and/or IgG subclass presenting with recurrent respiratory infections. Serum samples were assayed for total IgG/A/M by immunoturbidimetry, and IgG subclasses by nephelometry. @*Results@#Of the 2,866 asthmatic patients enrolled, 157 (5.49%) had PID (classified as the PID group), while those without PID was classified as the non-PID group. IgG subclass deficiency (58%) is most prevalent, among which IgG3 subclass deficiency was most common (58%). The relative risk of asthma exacerbation was 1.70 times higher in the PID group compared to the non-PID group (1.696; 95% confidence interval, 1.284 to 2.239; p < 0.001); the prevalence of severe asthma was significantly higher in the PID group than in the non-PID group (32.48% vs. 13.00%, p < 0.001). Thirty-five among 157 patients in the PID group d maintained IVIG to prevent asthma exacerbation. @*Conclusions@#It is suggested that PID, especially IgG3 subclass deficiency, is a significant risk factor for asthma exacerbation. Screening of IgG subclass levels and IVIG replacement should be considered in the management in adult asthmatics.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739408

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eosinophilic inflammation is a key component of severe asthma (SA). However, there has been no reliable serum biomarker for the eosinophilic inflammation of SA. We hypothesized that serum eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) could predict the eosinophilic inflammation of SA in adult asthmatics. METHODS: Severe asthmatics (n = 235), nonsevere asthmatics (n = 898), and healthy controls (n = 125) were enrolled from Ajou University Hospital, South Korea. The serum levels of EDN and periostin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and compared between severe and nonsevere asthmatics. Their associations with total eosinophil count (TEC) and clinical parameters were evaluated; clinical validation of the K-EDN kit for the measurement of serum EDN was evaluated. RESULTS: Severe asthmatics were older and had longer disease duration with significantly lower levels of forced expiratory volume in 1 second and methacholine PC20 than nonsevere asthmatics. Significant differences were found in TEC or sputum eosinophil count (%) between the groups. The serum levels of EDN and periostin were significantly higher in severe asthmatics than in nonsevere asthmatics and in healthy controls (all P < 0.05). Although significant correlations were found between serum EDN levels measured by the 2 kits (ρ = 0.545, P < 0.0001), higher correlation coefficients between serum EDN levels measured by the K-EDN kit and TEC were higher (ρ = 0.358, P < 0.0001) than those between serum EDN levels measured by the MBL kit and TEC (ρ = 0.319, P < 0.0001) or serum periostin level (ρ = 0.222, P < 0.0001). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that serum EDN levels measured by the K-EDN kit predicted the phenotype of SA (P = 0.003), while 2 other biomarkers did not. CONCLUSIONS: The serum EDN level may be a useful biomarker for assessing asthma severity in adult asthmatics.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Biomarkers , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin , Eosinophils , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Inflammation , Korea , Methacholine Chloride , Phenotype , Sputum
13.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 779-785, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762988

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide, observational, and cross-sectional study targeting postmenopausal patients from 62 orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea between October 2010 and February 2011. PURPOSE: This study was carried out to investigate comorbidity, trauma history, and the status of osteoporotic fracture treatment in Korean postmenopausal women. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There has been little reports on the comorbidity, family history, trauma history, and treatment status of osteoporotic fractures in patients visiting the orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea. METHODS: A total of 1,255 postmenopausal women between the ages of 50 and 80 years were enrolled in the study and the population distribution was reflected by region. Comorbidity, familial history of osteoporosis, familial history of osteoporotic fracture, history of falls, and status of osteoporotic fracture management were evaluated using an interview and questionnaire. The relationship between family history of osteoporosis and bone mineral density was analyzed. RESULTS: A number of patients (23%) had a family history of osteoporosis and 16.5% had a family history of fractures. Most (64.7%) of the patients had one or more comorbidities, including 58.8% exhibiting a chronic disease and 16.4% suffering from diseases that restrict exercise or walking. The results of the questionnaire indicated that 21.8% of these fracture patients had experienced a fracture previously and that the most common type of fracture was that of the spine. Lumbar spine bone mineral density was found to be lower in the presence of family history of osteoporosis. CONCLUSIONS: Postmenopausal women are liable to have osteoporotic fractures due to the high prevalence of osteoporosis, a history of falling, and the comorbidity with diseases that restrict ambulation. A better understanding of postmenopausal women in the orthopedic outpatient settings is important to the management of osteoporotic fractures.

14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 200-207, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742518

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cardiovascular adverse events (AEs) after use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors have been reported and suspected since the launch of DPP-4 inhibitors in 2006. However, few studies have investigated the association between cardiovascular AEs and DPP-4 inhibitors. The objective of this study is to detect the signals of cardiovascular AEs after use of DPP-4 inhibitors by analyzing the Korea Institute of Drug Safety & Risk Management-Korea Adverse Event Reporting System Database (KIDS-KD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on the use of oral antidiabetic drugs from 2008 to 2016 were extracted from KIDS-KD, and analyzed descriptively. Data mining was conducted by calculating three indices, which were proportional reporting ratios, reporting odds ratios, and information components, to detect signals from use of all oral antidiabetic drugs including DPP-4 inhibitors. Then, the suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were confirmed by signal detection, and drug label information between the Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration were compared. RESULTS: Cardiovascular AEs after taking DPP-4 inhibitors were detected in only three (1.0%) out of a total of 307 AE reports. Two of the three cardiovascular AEs were reported after using sitagliptin and one using gemiglipitin, but these were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Analysis of spontaneous ADR reports data on the use of DPP-4 inhibitors could not showed the association between DPP-4 inhibitors and cardiovascular AEs, due to a small number of cardiovascular AEs reports.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Data Mining , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hypoglycemic Agents , Korea , Odds Ratio , Pharmacovigilance , Sitagliptin Phosphate , United States Food and Drug Administration
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719512

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Frequent changes in chronic urticaria (CU) activity over time can cause psychological stress, which also serves as a trigger of CU. To measure the control status of CU, the Urticaria Control Test (UCT) was developed in Germany. This study aimed to investigate the validity, reliability and responsiveness to changes in CU for the Korean version of the UCT (K-UCT) and its relation with salivary cortisol and cortisone levels. METHODS: Linguistic adaptation of the UCT into Korean was conducted. A total of 96 CU patients were enrolled, and 80 of them completed the study. The K-UCT and other outcome scores for CU were measured and repeated after 4 weeks of treatment. Control status was classified by physicians into well-controlled, partly-controlled, and uncontrolled CU. Salivary cortisol and cortisone were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Excellent internal consistency and intra-class reliability were obtained. Strong correlations between the K-UCT and disease severity, reflected in the Urticaria Activity Score (UAS)/global assessment of urticaria control by physicians/patient assessment of symptom severity/CU-specific quality of life were noted. K-UCT scores ≥12 were found to be optimal for determining well-controlled CU (sensitivity, 75.0%; specificity, 758%; area under the curve, 0.824). Perceived stress scale scores were significantly correlated with the UAS and the K-UCT. Salivary cortisone levels were significantly correlated with K-UCT (r = 0.308, P = 0.009) and differed significantly according to control status determined by a K-UCT ≥12. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the K-UCT can be a valid instrument with which to gauge CU control status in Korean patients. Further studies are needed to validate salivary cortisone as a biomarker for CU control.


Subject(s)
Cortisone , Germany , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Korea , Linguistics , Mass Spectrometry , Quality of Life , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stress, Psychological , Urticaria
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719509

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although there have been reported cases of drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome caused by antituberculosis drugs, there has been no research to examine its prevalence. This study assessed the prevalence and clinical characteristics of DRESS syndrome caused by antituberculosis drugs. METHODS: The electronic medical records of a cohort consisting of adult patients diagnosed with tuberculosis between July 2006 and June 2010 were reviewed and retrospectively inspected. We searched the surveillance system for adverse drug reactions and the electronic medical records to identify patients who reported severe cutaneous adverse reactions to antituberculosis drugs. These patients were then re-assessed using a European Registry of Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions to Drugs and Collection of Biological Samples (RegiSCAR) scoring system. Clinical characteristics, including the symptoms and latency of DRESS syndrome, the therapeutic dosage and period of steroids, and the final duration of tuberculosis therapy, were examined. RESULTS: Of the 1,253 adult patients with tuberculosis receiving antituberculosis drugs, 15 were identified as potential cases of DRESS syndrome (prevalence of 1.2%). Ethambutol was the most frequently used drug (53.5%), followed by rifampicin (26.7%), pyrazinamide (20.0%), streptomycin (13.3%), and isoniazid (6.7%). The median latency after day 1 of antituberculosis medication was 42 days. The median daily dose of steroids, expressed in prednisone-equivalent units, was 33-mg/day, and the median dosing period was 14 days. The duration of tuberculosis treatment was 76 days longer than the standard treatment period of 180 days. There was a significant difference in the peak eosinophil counts of DRESS syndrome patients according to RegiSCAR scores. Moreover, there was a significant quantitative correlation between the RegiSCAR score and peak eosinophil count. A negative correlation was also found between the RegiSCAR score and latency. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the prevalence of DRESS syndrome in a cohort of adult patients with tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cohort Studies , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Electronic Health Records , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Ethambutol , Humans , Isoniazid , Prevalence , Pyrazinamide , Retrospective Studies , Rifampin , Steroids , Streptomycin , Tuberculosis
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 570-577, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762077

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is known to be the only therapeutic modality to alter the natural course of allergic diseases. However, at least 3 years of treatment is recommended for achieving long-term disease modifying effect. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with immunotherapy non-adherence in real practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who were diagnosed with allergic rhinitis, asthma, or atopic dermatitis, and received AIT to common allergens such as house dust mite and/or pollens from January 2007 to August 2014. In this study, non-adherence was defined as not completing 3 years of AIT. RESULTS: Among 1162 patients enrolled, 228 (19.6%) failed to complete 3 years of AIT. In multivariate analysis, age less than 20 years [odds ratio (OR) 3.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.70–5.69] and 20 to 40 years (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.17–3.43), cluster build-up (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.05–3.02) and ultra-rush build-up schedules (OR 5.46, 95% CI 2.40–12.43), and absence of visit to other departments in the same hospital (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.05–3.32) were independently associated with immunotherapy non-adherence. Disease duration of 5–10 years was negatively associated with non-adherence compared to shorter disease duration of less than 5 years (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.40–0.94). Although male sex and commercial product of AIT, Tyrosine S®, compared to Novo-Helisen® were non-adherent factors in univariate analysis, no statistical significances were identified in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Various factors are associated with immunotherapy adherence affecting the utility of immunotherapy. Clinicians should be aware of factors associated with adherence to maximize the utility of allergen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Appointments and Schedules , Asthma , Dermatitis, Atopic , Humans , Immunotherapy , Male , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Pollen , Pyroglyphidae , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Tyrosine
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713204

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody, has proved to be effective for the treatment of severe asthma. However, there is no direct evidence of effectiveness of omalizumab in Korean patients with severe asthma. We sought to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of omalizumab in Korean adult patients suffering from severe asthma and to identify predictors of favorable response. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of electrical medical records was performed on severe allergic asthmatic patients with omalizumab treatment group (OT group) for more than 6 months between March 2008 and February 2016. Propensity score matching was applied to define the standardized treatment control group (STC group) treated without omalizumab. Asthma-related outcomes were compared between the 2 groups, and analyzed before and after omalizumab use in the OT group. Responders to treatment were defined as patients showing >50% reduction in asthma exacerbations and/or systemic steroid requirement during the outcome period. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-four patients with severe asthma (62 in the OT group; 62 in the STC group) were enrolled in the study. Proportion of patients having the reduction of asthma exacerbation (53.2% vs 35.5%, P=0.015) and the rate of responders (67.7% vs 41.9%, P=0.007) were significantly higher in the OT group than in the STC group. Significant reductions were noted in asthma exacerbation (P=0.006), hospitalization (P=0.009), hospitalization days (P=0.006), systemic corticosteroid requirements (P=0.027), and sputum eosinophil count (P=0.031) in OT group compared with STC group. There were no significant differences in changes of forced expiratory volume in the 1 second (FEV1) levels between the 2 groups. No predictors of responders were found for omalizumab treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Omalizumab can reduce exacerbations/hospitalization/systemic steroid burst in Korean adult patients with severe asthma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Eosinophils , Forced Expiratory Volume , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Medical Records , Omalizumab , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sputum
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739743

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The study of conservative and surgical treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy and associated biceps tendon partial rupture. METHODS: Twenty-one cases with distal biceps tendonitis and partial ruptures were studied who visited Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital from June 2010 to August 2017. The mean age was 57.1 years (39–69 years), 14 males and 7 females. The mean duration of symptom at the time of first visit was 4.9 months (0.2–14 months). Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed for patients with severe symptoms. According to the severity of the symptoms, splint immobilization, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and ultrasound-guided steroid injection were performed. Surgical treatment was performed if the patient did not respond to conservative treatment for 3 to 6 months or longer. RESULTS: There were 9 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon associated with distal biceps tendinopathy on imaging studies. Conservative treatment showed symptomatic improvement in 16 of 21 cases. In 4 cases with a relatively mild symptom, anti-inflammatory analgesics and intermittent splinting showed good result. In 12 cases, symptoms improved after ultrasonography-guided steroid injection. Surgical treatment was performed on 5 cases that did not respond to conservative treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Conservative treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy may promise good results. However, in case of partial tear of the distal biceps tendon and refractory to conservative treatment, surgical treatment may be needed.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Christianity , Female , Humans , Immobilization , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Rupture , Splints , Tears , Tendinopathy , Tendons , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739391

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: House dust mites (HDM) are major allergens that cause allergic rhinitis (AR). Allergen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) has been shown to be clinically beneficial in many clinical trials. Such trials, however, are not reflective of all patient populations. The aim of this study was to describe the efficacy and safety of SCIT in routine clinical practice in Korean adults with AR sensitized to HDM. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 304 patients with AR treated at an allergy clinic of a tertiary hospital using SCIT with aluminum hydroxide-adsorbed allergen extract targeting HDM alone or with pollens for at least 1 year from 2000 to 2012. Patients with asthma were excluded. Rates of remission, defined as no further requirement of maintenance medication, over time were determined by means of life tables and extension of survival analysis. Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels to HDM were categorized into 6 classes. RESULTS: The mean time until achieving remission was 4.9±0.1 years, and the cumulative incidence of remission from AR was 76.6%. Severe AR (odds ratio [OR], 0.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.69; P=0.001), specific IgE levels to HDM ≥17.5 kU/L (OR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.01-3.37; P=0.045), and duration of immunotherapy ≥3 years (OR, 7.37; 95% CI, 3.50-15.51; P<0.001) were identified as significant predictors of clinical remission during SCIT for patients with AR sensitized to HDM. Overall, 73 patients (24.0%) experienced adverse reactions to SCIT, and only 1 case of anaphylaxis (0.3%) developed. CONCLUSIONS: SCIT with HDM was found to be effective and safe for patients with AR. Specific IgE levels to HDM and a duration of SCIT ≥3 years may be predictors of clinical responses to SCIT in AR patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Allergens , Aluminum , Anaphylaxis , Asthma , Desensitization, Immunologic , Dust , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Immunotherapy , Incidence , Life Tables , Medical Records , Pollen , Pyroglyphidae , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Tertiary Care Centers
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL