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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923825

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Sepsis-induced liver injury is a fatal complication of sepsis. Trichostatin A (TSA) regulates inflammation and autophagy in some human diseases, and forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a) has been shown to regulate autophagy. The present study aims to investigate whether TSA exerts its effects on septic liver injury through the FoxO3a/autophagy signaling pathway. METHODS: A sepsis mouse model was constructed by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method, and AML12 cells were pretreated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 μg/mL) to establish a sepsis cell model. Forty mice were divided into four groups, namely control group, TSA group, CLP group, and CLP+TSA group, with 10 mice in each group. Cells were divided into control group, TSA group, LPS group, and LPS+TSA group. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining and biochemical methods were used to evaluate liver tissue injury. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to detect the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, and Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to measure autophagy-related protein expression. RESULTS: Compared with the CLP group (mice), the proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-β [IL-β] 2,665.27±324.90 pg/mL to 2,080.26±373.66 pg/mL; interleukin-6 [IL-6] 399.01±60.98 pg/mL to 221.90±46.89 pg/mL) and the hepatocyte injury markers (aspartate transaminase [AST] from 198.18±27.07 U/L to 128.42±20.55 U/L; alanine aminotransferase [ALT] from 634.98±74.10 U/L to 478.60±32.56 U/L) were notably decreased after TSA intervention. Moreover, LC3 II and FoxO3a showed an obvious increase and P62 showed an obvious decrease in the CLP+TSA group. Cell experiment results showed the similar trend. After FoxO3a gene was knocked down in AML12 cells, the promotion of autophagy and the improvement of liver enzyme index and inflammation by TSA were weakened. CONCLUSION: TSA may improve the inflammatory response and liver injury in septic mice through FoxO3a/autophagy.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898068

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and heart failure (HF) are common diseases, each affecting large segments of the world population. Moreover, prevalence rates for both are expected to rise dramatically over coming decades. The high prevalence rates of both diseases and wellrecognized association of diabetes as a risk factor for HF make it inevitable that both diseases co-exist in a large number of patients, complicating their management and increasing the risk of a poor outcome. Management of diabetes has been shown to impact clinical events in patients with HF and there is emerging evidence that agents used to treat diabetes can reduce HF events, even in non-diabetic patients. In this review we summarize the clinical course and treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and HF and review the efficacy and safety of pharmacological agents in patients with T2DM at risk for HF and those with established disease.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890364

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and heart failure (HF) are common diseases, each affecting large segments of the world population. Moreover, prevalence rates for both are expected to rise dramatically over coming decades. The high prevalence rates of both diseases and wellrecognized association of diabetes as a risk factor for HF make it inevitable that both diseases co-exist in a large number of patients, complicating their management and increasing the risk of a poor outcome. Management of diabetes has been shown to impact clinical events in patients with HF and there is emerging evidence that agents used to treat diabetes can reduce HF events, even in non-diabetic patients. In this review we summarize the clinical course and treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and HF and review the efficacy and safety of pharmacological agents in patients with T2DM at risk for HF and those with established disease.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922552

ABSTRACT

BK polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) is a common cause of allograft failure. However, differentiation between BKPyVAN and type I T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) is challenging when simian virus 40 (SV40) staining is negative, because of the similarities in histopathology. This study investigated whether donor-derived cell-free DNA (ddcfDNA) can be used to differentiate BKPyVAN. Target region capture sequencing was applied to detect the ddcfDNAs of 12 recipients with stable graft function, 22 with type I TCMR, 21 with proven BKPyVAN, and 5 with possible PyVAN. We found that urinary ddcfDNA levels were upregulated in recipients with graft injury, whereas plasma ddcfDNA levels were comparable for all groups. The median urinary concentrations and fractions of ddcfDNA in proven BKPyVAN recipients were significantly higher than those in type I TCMR recipients (10.4 vs. 6.1 ng/mL,

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2306-2313, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829383

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. A large number of preclinical studies have demonstrated that exogenous cell-based therapies such as mesenchymal stem cell transplantation can promote brain function recovery in the subacute phase of stroke. Emerging data indicate that mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes play a key role in mediating tissue repair by participating in intercellular signal transduction and transferring biological information especially microRNA to recipient cells, which affects endo-genous recovery in ischemic brain tissue after injury. In this review we briefly describe the characteristics and biological functions of exosomes and exosomal microRNA, and discuss the therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes on ischemic stroke from different perspectives. Finally, we outline the potential clinical value of exosomes and challenges of translating these therapies into clinical trials.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1044-1046, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823175

ABSTRACT

@#To assess the relationship between high blood pressure (HBP) and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) among children and adolescents in Suzhou.@*Methods@#A total of 3 150 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years were enrolled through stratified cluster sampling from September to October, 2019. Questionnaire survey was conducted, and height, weight, WC and BP were measured to calculate BMI and WHtR, relationship of HBP and adiposity indicators were evaluated.@*Results@#The prevalence of HBP was 11.3%, overweight/obesity rate was 28.5%, and centrality obesity based on WC and WHtR was 20.6% and 23.7%, respectively. There were significant relationships between HBP and BMI, WC, and WHtR (χ2=157.80,105.87,124.17,P<0.01). As Logistic regression showed, compared to normal weight group, overweight/obesity based on BMI had positive relation with HBP (OR=3.89, 95%CI=3.09-4.90); compared to normal WC/WHtR, centrality obesity showed positive association with HBP (WC: OR=3.05, 95%CI=2.41-3.86; WHtR: OR=3.35, 95%CI=2.67-4.21). Meanwhile, BMI had joint effects on HBP with WC/WHtR. Specifically subjects with overweight/obesity and center obesity had higher risk of HBP, compared to normal BMI and WC subjects(OR=4.28, 95%CI=3.31-5.53).@*Conclusion@#Significant relationships between HBP and BMI, WC, and WHtR were found. BMI had joint effects on HBP with WC/WHtR. Keeping normal body weight and WC/ WHtR would have significant effects on HBP.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755900

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical outcomes of low-dose rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG ) vs basiliximab as induction therapy in recipients of ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT) .Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted for e the clinical data of 40 ABOi-KT recipients between March 2017 and March 2019 .17 recipients of them received induction therapy with basiliximab (basiliximab group) while another 23 recipients received low-dose rATG (rATG group ,rATG 25 mg/d × 3 d) .During a median follow-up period of 282 days , the data of serum creatinine and eGFR at 1 week and 1 month ,graft survival rate and complication rate of two groups were compared .Results No significant difference existed in age ,gender ,dialytic modality/ duration , blood groups of recipients , HLA mis-match , blood group antibody titers , dose of rituximab ,blood groups of donors or donor age ( P > 0 .05 ) . The times of double filtration plasmapheresis in Basiliximab group were more (P< 0 .05) .No significant difference existed in serum creatinine and eGFR at 1 week or 1 month ( P > 0 .05 ) . No significant difference existed in graft survival rate . No significant difference existed in rate of acute rejection ,parvovirus B19 infection , urinary tract infection or hematoma .Conclusions Low-dose of rATG is as effective as basiliximab for ABOi-KT recipients .And rATG does not increase the rate of infection .

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 579-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755808

ABSTRACT

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common autoimmune subepidermal blistering skin disease,and a large number of eosinophils (EOS) obviously infiltrate the dermis of BP lesions.Additionally,EOS and their activated cytokines and chemokines are abundantly present in blisters and peripheral blood of BP patients.It is also proved that EOS can induce the dermal-epidermal separation.The level of interleukin (IL)-5 is markedly increased in the sera and blister fluids of BP patients,and IL-5 secreted by Th2 cells and EOS can regulate the differentiation,activation and survival of EOS.All the above evidence indicates that EOS are associated with the occurrence of BP.Researches on EOS and their cytokines will develop a new field of targeted therapy for BP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773822

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of six-step manipulation combined with extracorporeal shock wave in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#Seventy-six patients with KOA from December 2016 to June 2018 were divided into control group and treatment group, 38 in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with oral medicine combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy, while the patients in the treatment group were treated with six-step manipulation combined with shock wave therapy. The VAS score, WOMAC score and clinical efficacy of the two groups were compared before treatment, 1 day, 1 month and 6 months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in VAS score and WOMAC score between the two groups before treatment(>0.05). VAS score and WOMAC score in treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group at 1 day, 1 month and 6 months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Six-step manipulation combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy can significantly alleviate pain and improve knee function in patients with knee osteoarthritis, and the clinical effect is obvious.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Humans , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
10.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 340-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752865

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of current study was to evaluate the effect of growth differentiation factor 15( GDF-15) on predicting and monitoring the cardiotoxicity of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide-docetaxel-trastuzumab(EC-D-T)in the treatment of HER-2 positive breast cancer patients. Methods Seventy-three patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer who received EC-D-T adjuvant therapy were enrolled. Serum levels of GDF-15,cardiac troponin I(cTnl)and amino terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor(NT-proBNP)were measured before adjuvant therapy(M0)and after adjuvant therapy at 3 months(M3 ),6 months(M6 ),9 months(M9 ),12 months(M12 )and 15 months(M15 ). At the same time,patients underwent echocardiography at various time points to assess the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF). The cardiotoxicity of this study was defined as:(1)LVEF level decreased by ≥10% after treatment and the absolute value of LVEF was below 53% (normal);(2) heart failure,acute coronary syndrome or severe life-threatening heart rate abnormal. Results After initiation of EC-D-T treatment,the level of LVEF gradually decreased. Dur-ing the whole study,a total of 21(28. 8% )patients developed cardiotoxicity. At the same time,patients with cardiotoxicity had signifi-cantly higher levels of GDF-15 at M0 and cTn1 at various time points than those without cardiotoxicity. The level of ProBNP was comparable to those without cardiotoxicity. In addition,Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that baseline GDF-15 might af-fect the risk of cardiotoxicity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only cTnl level was an independent predictor for the risk of cardiotoxicity, while NT-proBNP level did not predict the risk of cardiotoxicity. Conclusion The incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer after receiving EC-D-T is high,and GDF-15 can predict and monitor the risk of cardiotoxicity.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802943

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of ultrasound in the localization of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of the PICC catheterization was conducted at Department of Neonatology, Beijing Chaoyang District Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital from June 2017 to December 2018.The ultrasound monitoring was performed immediately after PICC catheterization.The probe was placed into the midline position of the lower xiphoid or the subclavian parasternal line for scanning, and it would be the PICC if a high-echo " equal sign" was observed by ultrasound.It was believed that the PICC was successfully placed when ultrasound detected that the PICC tip was located in the junction of inferior vena cava or superior vena cava in the right atrium.@*Results@#(1)Among 112 infants with PICC catheterization, 103 cases (92.0%) were accurately placed, 9 cases (8.0%) were not placed in the ideal site, among them, 2 cases were too deep, 4 cases were too shallow and 3 cases were catheter heterotopia.The tip position was accurate after the readjustment under ultrasound monitoring in those patients whose the first ultrasound showed the tip position was not ideal.(2)The PICC indwelling time was as short as 2 days (removed due to severe arrhythmia) and as long as 56 days with an average of (15.1±10.7) days.(3)The catheter-related complications occurred in 3 cases with an incidence of 2.7%.@*Conclusions@#Using ultrasound to determine the PICC tips position is accurate and reliable, which is worthy of extensive application in the neonatal wards.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Using bioinformatics methods, to establish Xiao-Xu-Ming decoction (XX-MD)"compound-vasoconstriction G Protein-Coupled Receptors(GPCR)targets"network,and analyze the vasoconstriction regulatory effective components and the potential targets of XXMD. METHODS Ac-cording to the XXMD herb sources,we retrieved the chemical structures from the national scientific da-ta sharing platform for population and health pharmaceutical information center,TCMSP database and the latest research literature.The chemical molecular library was established after class prediction and screening for medicinal and metabolic properties.Five kinds of vasoconstriction GPCR crystal structure including 5-HT receptors(5-HT1AR,5-HT1BR),AT1R,β2-AR,hUTR and ETB were retrieved from Bank Pro-tein Data Bank database or homology modeling using Discovery Studio 4.1 built-in modeling tools.After virtual screening by Libdock molecular docking,the highest rated 50 compounds of each target were col-lected and analyzed. The collected data were further used to construct and analyze the network. RE-SULTS 859 single compound structures information in XXMD were generalized following the screen-ing of obtained 2043 compounds.The complicated compound-vasoconstriction GPCR targets network of XXMD was then constructed and analyzed by molecular docking with the above five kinds of GPCR target receptors. Most of the chemical composition effects were associated with different vasoconstric-tion GPCR targets,while a few effective components can be applied to multiple GPCR targets at the same time,therefore forming synergies.CONCLUSION Vasorelaxant effects of XXMD may not only result from the collaborative interaction between a variety of active ingredients in Chinese medicine and multi-ple targets,but also from the interaction between some effective component and multiple targets.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713702

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signal transduction mainly depends on its binding to VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). VEGF downstream signaling proteins mediate several of its effects in cancer progression, including those on tumor growth, metastasis, and blood vessel formation. The activation of VEGFR-2 signaling is a hallmark of and is considered a therapeutic target for breast cancer. Here, we report a study of the regulation of the VEGFR-2 signaling pathway by a small molecule, isomangiferin. METHODS: A human breast cancer xenograft mouse model was used to investigate the efficacy of isomangiferin in vivo. The inhibitory effect of isomangiferin on breast cancer cells and the underlying mechanism were examined in vitro. RESULTS: Isomangiferin suppressed tumor growth in xenografts. In vitro, isomangiferin treatment inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and adhesion. The effect of isomangiferin on breast cancer growth was well coordinated with its suppression of angiogenesis. A rat aortic ring assay revealed that isomangiferin significantly inhibited blood vessel formation during VEGF-induced microvessel sprouting. Furthermore, isomangiferin treatment inhibited VEGF-induced proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and the formation of capillary-like structures. Mechanistically, isomangiferin induced caspase-dependent apoptosis of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, VEGF-induced activation of the VEGFR-2 kinase pathway was down-regulated by isomangiferin. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that isomangiferin exerts anti-breast cancer effects via the functional inhibition of VEGFR-2. Pharmaceutically targeting VEGFR-2 by isomangiferin could be an effective therapeutic strategy for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Animals , Apoptosis , Blood Vessels , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Proliferation , Heterografts , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Microvessels , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phosphotransferases , Rats , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1484-1492, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780023

ABSTRACT

Gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) are gold atom aggregates less than 2 nm (excluding the ligand shell) or 150 atoms. It has been widely studied due to its small size effect, fluorescence property, and catalytic activity. In this review, research progress in the preparation of gold nanoclusters containing accurate atom numbers using biomolecules and chemically synthesized molecules as ligands have been summarized. The factors that affect the preparation of gold nanoclusters have been discussed. The applications of AuNCs having accurate atomic numbers in the fields of analyte assay, catalysis, bioimaging, and drug delivery have been introduced. This review provides references to the further researches on the preparation technology and biomedical applications of AuNCs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771684

ABSTRACT

As traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, Physalis plants have a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer effects, and have been used for the treatment of malaria, rheumatism, hepatitis, asthma, and cancer. In addition to the medicinal value, many Physalis species are also the high-grade nutrition health care fruits, can be made canned and candied etc. In the study, the application progress of DNA molecular marker technologies in medicinal Physalis plants in recent years was reviewed, in order to provide an important molecular technical basis for the identification, classification and rational development and protection of medicinal Physalis resources.


Subject(s)
DNA, Plant , Genetics , Genetic Markers , Physalis , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771530

ABSTRACT

In this study, bioinformatics methods such as molecular docking and network pharmacology were adopted to establish Xiaoxuming Decoction (XXMD) "compound-vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) targets" network, then the vascular function regulatory effective components and the potential targets of XXMD were analyzed. Based on the XXMD herb sources, the chemical structures of the compounds were retrieved from the national scientific data sharing platform for population and health pharmaceutical information center, TCMSP database and the latest research literatures. The chemical molecular library was established after class prediction and screening for medicinal and metabolic properties. Then, five kinds of vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related GPCR crystal structure including 5-HT receptors (5-HT1AR, 5-HT1BR), AT1R, β2-AR, hUTR and ETB were retrieved from RCSB Protein Data Bank database or constructed by homology modeling of Discovery Studio 4.1 built-in modeling tools. After virtual screening by Libdock molecular docking, the highest rated 50 compounds of each target were collected and analyzed. The collected data were further used to construct and analyze the network by Cytoscape 3.4.0. The results showed that most of the chemical composition effects were associated with different vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related GPCR targets, while a few effective components could be applied to multiple GPCR targets at the same time, therefore forming synergies and vasorelaxant effects of XXMD.


Subject(s)
Databases, Protein , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Models, Chemical , Molecular Docking Simulation , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Vasodilation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667817

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Fengshi Bitong Prescription (FSBT) on cytokines in serum and Fas/FasL mRNA expression system in synovium; To discuss relevant mechanism of action. Methods Rats were given foot intradermal injection of bovine type Ⅱ collagen emulsion to establish collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. After successful modeling, they were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal control group, CIA model group, tripterygium glycosides group, FSBT high-, medium-, and low-dose groups. Each medication group was given relevant medicine for gavage for 14 d. The weight and arthritis scores of CIA rats were observed. Serum levels of IL-1β, IL-15, and TGF-β1 were detected by ELISA. Expressions of Fas and FasL mRNA in synovium of CIA rats were detected by real-time PCR. Results Compared with model group, the foot arthritis score and serum levels of IL-15 in FSBT high- and medium-dose groups significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the serum level of TGF-β1 significantly increased (P<0.05). Expression of Fas significantly decreased and FasL significantly increased in FSBT high-dose group (P<0.05). Conclusion FSBT may have certain immune regulation effects on rheumatoid arthritis. Its mechanism may be in regulating Fas/FasL apoptosis system, thereby inducing apoptosis of synovial cells and inhibiting synovial hyperplasia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660202

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine on the treatment of senile multiple organ failure. Methods The control group of elderly patients with multiple organ failure was given routine western medicine treatment, and the study group was given the combination of Chinese and Western medicine treatment. Changes of BUN, PaO2, PaCO2, Cr, LVEF, CO and so on were recorded before and after treatment in two groups. Results There was no significant difference in comparison of related indexes of heart and kidney function value between two groups before treatment; after treatment in two groups, there were significantly decreased in BUN, PaCO2 and Cr index values compared with before, while PaO2, CO and LVEF significantly increased than before, index of the study group were improved better than those of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion the application of conventional western medicine treatment of multiple organ failure in the elderly based on the use of Chinese medicine can significantly improve the clinical efficacy, to ensure the quality of life, life has important value in safety.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine on the treatment of senile multiple organ failure. Methods The control group of elderly patients with multiple organ failure was given routine western medicine treatment, and the study group was given the combination of Chinese and Western medicine treatment. Changes of BUN, PaO2, PaCO2, Cr, LVEF, CO and so on were recorded before and after treatment in two groups. Results There was no significant difference in comparison of related indexes of heart and kidney function value between two groups before treatment; after treatment in two groups, there were significantly decreased in BUN, PaCO2 and Cr index values compared with before, while PaO2, CO and LVEF significantly increased than before, index of the study group were improved better than those of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion the application of conventional western medicine treatment of multiple organ failure in the elderly based on the use of Chinese medicine can significantly improve the clinical efficacy, to ensure the quality of life, life has important value in safety.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50086

ABSTRACT

China still has more than 30,000 patients of advanced schistosomiasis while new cases being reported consistently. D-dimer is a fibrin degradation product. As ascites being the dominating symptom in advanced schistosomiasis, the present study aimed to explore a prediction model of ascites with D-dimer and other clinical easy-achievable indicators. A case-control study nested in a prospective cohort was conducted in schistosomiasis-endemic area of southern China. A total of 291 patients of advanced schistosomiasis were first investigated in 2013 and further followed in 2014. Information on clinical history, physical examination, and abdominal ultrasonography, including the symptom of ascites was repeatedly collected. Result showed 44 patients having ascites. Most of the patients' ascites were confined in the kidney area with median area of 20 mm². The level of plasma D-dimer and pertinent liver function indicators were measured at the initial investigation in 2013. Compared with those without ascites, cases with ascites had significantly higher levels of D-dimer (0.71±2.44 μg/L vs 0.48±2.12 μg/L, P=0.005), as well ALB (44.5 vs 46.2, g/L) and Type IV collagen (50.04 vs 44.50 μg/L). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses indicated a moderate predictive value of D-dimer by its own area under curve (AUC) of 0.64 (95% CI: 0.54–0.73) and the cutoff value as 0.81 μg/L. Dichotomized by the cutoff level, D-dimer along with other categorical variables generated a prediction model with AUC of 0.76 (95% CI: 0.68–0.89). Risks of patients with specific characteristics in the prediction model were summarized. Our study suggests that the plasma D-dimer level is a reliable predictor for incident ascites in advanced schistosomiasis japonica patients.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Ascites , Case-Control Studies , China , Cohort Studies , Collagen Type IV , Fibrin , Humans , Kidney , Liver , Physical Examination , Plasma , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Schistosoma japonicum , Schistosomiasis japonica , Schistosomiasis , Ultrasonography
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