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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755926

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR) in initial immunosuppression in living-related renal transplant recipients.Methods From October 2015 to October 2017,twenty-two patients undergoing initial living-related renal transplantation received MZR (3-4 mg/kg/d) plus tacrolimus and corticosteroid.During a follow-up period of 12 months,patient/graft survival,incidence of acute rejection and adverse events were observed.Results There was no onset of graft loss and death and acute rejection rate was 22.7%.Renal allograft function remained stable.The incidence rate of cytomegaloviral infection was 4.5% and no CMV disease occurred.The incidence of BKV viruria was 36.4% and the infection rate was 18.2%.Digestive symptoms occurred (n =3,13.6%).The major side effect of hyperuricemia could be controlled without reduction or withdrawal of MZR.Conclusions Excellent graft survival can be achieved when using MZR as initial immunosuppression in living-donor renal transplant recipients,yet the incidence of acute rejection remains high.Further study is required for determining the effect of MZR in the prevention of BK viral infection during renal transplantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755915

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of febuxostat in the treatment of hypemricemia in renal transplant recipients.Methods A total of 124 renal transplant patients with hyperuricemia receiving febuxostat between June 2016 and July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Uric acid (UA),liver function and renal function parameters before and 3 months after treatment were compared.Adverse events,recipient and renal allograft survival were recorded throughout the follow-up period.Results Serum level of uric acid significantly decreased after 3-month treatment (P<0.001).And 66.1% of them achieved target UA level at Month 3 after dosing.Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was maintained.No severe adverse event was observed.All recipient and renal grafts survived during the follow-up period.Conclusions Febuxostat is both effective and safe in the treatment of hyperuricemia in renal transplant.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745241

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the result and adverse reactions of radiation therapy in patients with pelvic recurrence following cervical cancer postoperative.Methods A retrospective analysis of 147 patients with pelvic recurrence after surgical treatment of cervical cancer in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from August 2004 to December 2016 was performed.All patients received radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy.According to different clinical factors and pathological factors,Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors influencing radiotherapy outcomes in patients with pelvic recurrence after cervical cancer surgery.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival rate,and the corresponding survival curve was drawn.The survival rate and prognosis related factors were compared by using the log-rank test.The COX proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis of statistically relevant factors in univariate analysis.After treatment,toxicities were analyzed using chi-square test.Results The median follow-up time was 33.2 months.95% of the patients completed radiation therapy with a dose of ≥ 67 Gy (median radiotherapy dose),and 91 patients (61.9%) had complete remission (CR).The 5-year local control (LC),progression-free survival (PFS),distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS),and overall survival (OS) were 63.6%,56.0%,73.9%,and 55.0%,respectively.Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that FIGO staging (stage 0-ⅠB and ⅡA-ⅡB),pelvic sidewall involvement,and recurrent tumor volume were associated with complete remission (P<0.05).Multivariate statistical analysis found that FIGO staging and pelvic sidewall invasion were independent factors influencing the efficacy and survival of patients with pelvic recurrence after cervical cancer surgery (P<0.05).Patients with pelvic wall invasion after cervical cancer surgery had a higher incidence of ≥ grade 2 proctitis than those without pelvic walls involved,which were 26.9% and 16.7%,respectively.Conclusions This study shows that after the surgical treatment of cervical cancer patients with pelvic recurrence can be tolerated by toxicities after radiation therapy.In addition,the incidence of toxicities in patients with pelvic wall invasion was significantly higher than those without pelvic wall invasion.Preoperative staging and the pelvic wall involvement are independent influencing factors influencing the effect of radiotherapy and long-term prognosis in patients with pelvic recurrence after cervical cancer surgery.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515173

ABSTRACT

Objective · To understand boys' pubertal timing in school in two urban districts of Chongqing and explore the relationship between pubertal timing and physical activity or sleeping time. Methods · Using a stratified random cluster sampling, 3403 boy students (10-18 year-old) were selected and completed the physical examination and questionnaire survey. 1282 participants experiencing first spermatorrhea were chosen as research objects. According to age of first spermatorrhea, the objects were divided into on-time group (964 cases) and later group (318 cases). Results · The composition of weekly high (χ2=11.488, P=0.009), medium (χ2=7.829, P=0.050) physical activity and daily sleeping time (χ2=17.803, P=0.000) in two groups were significantly different. Controlling covariates (age, height and weight), compared with boys in on-time group, later group boys were less likely to engage in 5-7 days (OR=0.596, 95% CI: 0.367-0.967) and 3-4 days (OR=0.590, 95% CI: 0.370-0.941) high physical activity every week, and 9-11 h (OR=0.207, 95% CI: 0.088-0.489) sleep every day. Conclusion · The age of first spermatorrhea in boys might be associated with the intensity of weekly physical activity and daily sleeping time.

5.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 276-287, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511310

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of statins for chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) combining with pulmonary hypertension (PH).Methods The electronic searches in databases of PubMed,EMbase,the Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wanfang Data were conducted from the date of their establishment to January 2016 and the references of the include studies were also retrieved for collecting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs on statins treating COPD combining with PH.Two researchers independenlty screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,extracted the data,assessed the quality of the included studies by adopting the Cochrane collaboration' s tool for assessing risk of bias,and performed Meta-analysis by using RevMan 5.3 software.Results A total of 24 studies involving 1 587 cases were included.The results of Meta-analysis showed that:compared with the control group,simvastatin significantly improved FEV1 [MD =0.23,95% CI:0.16-0.31,P < 0.000 01],FEV1 % [MD =6.73,95% CI:1.34-12.12,P =0.01],FVC [MD =0.39,95% CI:0.34-0.45,P < 0.000 01],6 minutes walk distance (6MWD)· [MD=59.09,95%CI:54.24-63.93,P <0.000 01] and decreased mPAP [MD=6.73,95% CI:1.34-12.12,P =0.01],SPAP [MD =-4.53,95 % CI =-8.87--0.19,P =0.04].Atorvastatin significantly improved FEV1 [MD =6.22,95 % CI:2.51-9.93,P =0.001] and 6 MWD [MD =24.10,95 % CI:12.98-35.23,P < 0.000 1] and decreased sPAP [MD =-6.44,95%CI:-7.95--4.93,P<0.00001] andmPAP [MD=-3.51,95%CI:-5.81--1.22,P=0.003].But no significant difference was found in the improvement of FEV1,FVC or FEV1/FVC.Fluvastatin significantly decreased sPAP [MD=-5.89,95% CI:-6.99--4.79,P <0.000 01].There was a significant decrease in the Borg dyspnoea score in statins group [MD =-3.37,95% CI:-4.61--2.14,P < 0.000 01] as compared with the controls.In addition,the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was similar between statins and the control group.Conclusion Current evidence suggests that statins may decrease pulmonary hypertension in patients with COPD combining with PH.However,high-quality clinical trials with large sample size are needed to verify whether the improvement of pulmonary function,6MWD and Borg dyspnoea score are the class effect or the incidence of ADRs is disparate among different statins.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 809-811, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509621

ABSTRACT

Objective To take Ebola virus disease (EVD) as an example and analyze the capability of responding to emerging infectious diseases among medical university students in Chongqing city.Methods Medical university students of 2 094 in Chongqing were selected and investigated by cluster sampling.Questionnaire content includes social demographic information,knowledge,attitude,practice (KAP) and related factors about EVD.The variables of the respondents were described using mean and standard deviation for continuous variables and frequency distributions for categorical variables.Influencing factors were analyzed by using multiple-linear regression model.Results The average scores of KAP regarding EVD were 9.51 ±-3.97,5.93± 1.85,3.35 ±1.43,respectively.Multiple-linear regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of KAP regarding EVD were gender (x2 =0.773,P=0.000),residence (x2 =0.886,P=0.014) and health habits (x2 =0.316,P=0.008);gender (x2 =0.474,P=0.000),grade (x2 =0.118,P=0.024),residence (x2 =0.401,P=0.016) and health habits (x2 =0.307,P=0.000);gender (x2 =0.223,P=0.001),major (x2 =0.152,P=0.000) and health habits (x2 =0.231,P=0.000).Conclusion The capability of responding to emerging infectious diseases is not optimistic among medical university students.Medical universities should perform effective intervention according to the characters of different clusters.

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