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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of aspirin plus low molecule heparin for pancreatic thrombosis during simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK).Methods:A total of 129 patients aged 18 years or higher underwent SPK between September 2016 and March 2020.They were divided retrospectively into two groups of aspirin ( n=60) and heparin ( n=69) according to different anticoagulant regimens.The aspirin group received only aspirin 100 mg/d at Day 1 post-operation.The heparin group received subcutaneous injection of enoxaparin 2 000 AxaIU daily for 7 days and followed by aspirin and clopidogrel.Outcomes and complication rates were compared between two groups. Results:All operations were successful without any mortality.In aspirin group, there were 5 cases of pancreatic thrombosis and one patient underwent pancreatectomy.There was no pancreatic thrombosis in heparin group ( P=0.014). There were 8 cases of intestinal anastomotic bleeding in aspirin group and 19 cases in heparin group.Statistically significant inter-group difference existed ( P=0.048). However, no significant inter-group difference existed in delayed recovery or rejection. Conclusions:Heparin anticoagulation can significantly lower the incidence of pancreatic thrombosis after SPK.Despite a higher incidence of intestinal anastomotic bleeding, no serious complication occurs after conservative meaures.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 329-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876694

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors for the occurrence of post transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in renal transplant recipients, establish a prediction model for PTDM and evaluate its prediction value. Methods Clinical data of 915 renal transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the occurrence of PTDM, all recipients were divided into the PTDM group (n=78) and non-PTDM group (n=837). The main indexes of recipients were collected. The risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. The prediction model for PTDM was established and its prediction value was evaluated. Results Family history of diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), preoperative 2 h postprandial blood glucose and preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin were the independent risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients. The prediction model for PTDM was logit (P)=2.199×family history of diabetes (yes=1, no=0)+0.109×BMI+0.151×2 h postprandial blood glucose (mmol/L)+0.508×glycosylated hemoglobin (%)-9.123. The results of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of these 4 predictors combined for predicting PTDM in renal transplant recipients was 0.830 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.786-0.873], the cut-off value was 0.0608, the sensitivity was 0.821, the specificity was 0.700, and the Youden index was 0.521 (P < 0.05). Conclusions Family history of diabetes mellitus, BMI, preoperative 2 h postprandial blood glucose and preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin are the independent risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients. The prediction model for PTDM combined with4 predictors yield relatively high prediction value for PTDM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755931

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily explore the clinical efficacy of ipsilateral simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) .Methods Ipsilateral SPK was performed in 40 patients from September 2016 to August 2018 .During a follow-up period of 6 to 29 months ,we summarized the efficacy and complications of the technique .Results Up to now ,38 patients achieved an exceelent clinical efficacy with no major surgical complications .However ,two patients died of severe pneumonia .The postoperative serum levels of creatinine at 3 ,6 ,12 ,24 months were 107 ,102 ,107 ,110 umol/L ;creatinine clearance rate 64 ,67 ,64 ,63 ml/min;fasting glucose 4 .6 ,5 .1 ,4 .6 ,5 .2 mmol/L ;glycated hemoglobin 4 .8% , 5 .4% ,4 .9% ,5 .2% respectively .And 1/2-year pancrea and kidney graft survival rates both were 92% . Complications included kidney graft rejection (n= 11) ,pancreas graft rejection (n= 12) ,simultaneous renal & pancreas graft rejection (n=6) ,renal graft DGF (n=1) ,pulmonary infection (n=14) ,urinary tract infections (n=18) ,gastrointestinal bleeding (n=10) diarrhea (n=6) ,splenic venous thrombosis (n=2) ,incomplete ureteric obstruction of renal allograft (n=3) ,urine leakage (n=1) and pancreas allograft dysfunction (n= 2) .There were no severe surgical complications .After aggressive interventions ,all postoperative complications were cured and none required excision of kidney or pancreas .Conclusions Ipsilateral SPK has definite therapeutic efficacy and it is worth wider popularization .

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 175-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780511

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety of young recipients undergoing living donor renal transplantation from elderly relative donors through long-term follow-up of the pathological changes. Methods According to the age of donors, 28 young recipients were divided into the observation group (n=14, elderly donors) and control group (n=14, young and middle-aged donors). The 7-year survival after renal transplantation, the serum creatinine (Scr) levels at various postoperative time points were compared between two groups. The chronic pathological injury scores of renal allograft biopsy at time-zero, postoperative 6-month and 7-year were compared between two groups. The expression levels of renal interstitial fibrosis indicators connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, laminin (LN), fibronectin (FN), cell senescence indicators intercellular connexin (Cx)-43 and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) at postoperative 6-month and 7-year were compared between two groups. Results The 7-year survival rates in the observation and control groups were 78.5% and 92.8% with no statistical significance (P > 0.05). In the observation and control groups, the levels of Scr were 190 and 160 μmol/L at the postoperative 7 d, and 170 and 125 μmol/L at postoperative 1 month. At each postoperative time point, the levels of Scr in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P > 0.05). The total chronic pathological injury scores of renal transplant biopsy at time-zero in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P > 0.05), whereas the total chronic pathological injury scores at postoperative 7-year did not significantly differ between two groups (P > 0.05). Within either group, the total chronic pathological injury scores at postoperative 7-year was remarkably higher than those at time-zero and postoperative 6-month (both P < 0.05). The expression levels of CTGF, TGF-β, LN, FN, mTOR, Cx43 of renal transplant tissue at postoperative 7-year did not significantly differ between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The long-term follow-up outcomes demonstrate that the pathological changes of young recipients undergoing renal transplantation from elderly donors are similar to those from young and middle-aged donors. It is safe and feasible for young recipients to undergo renal transplantation from elderly donors in the pathological perspective.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 713-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780496

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of pathogenic bacteria in infectious donors from organ donation after citizen's death and preventive strategies for renal transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 412 donors and 803 recipients from organ donation after citizen's death were retrospectively analyzed. All donors underwent culture of airway secretions, urine, blood and renal lavage fluid. The incidence rate of infection, distribution and composition ratio of pathogenic bacteria of donors from organ donation after citizen's death were observed. The scores of all donors were evaluated according to the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay for donors, the situation of abdominal trauma and the results of body fluid culture, etc. According to the score, the recipients received different infection prevention regimes. The incidence rate of donor-derived infection (DDI) and clinical prognosis of the recipients were analyzed. Results A total of 243 donors were diagnosed with infection in 412 donors from organ donation after citizen's death with an infection rate of 59.0%. In total, 456 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, mainly derived from the airway secretions (71.7%). Gram-negative bacteria dominantly consisted of Klebsiella pneumoniae and acinetobacter baumannii. Gram-positive bacteria mainly included staphylococcus aureus and fungus mainly included yeast-type fungus. Three recipients (kidneys from 2 donors respectively) developed DDI with an incidence rate of 0.4%. Conclusions The infection rate of donors from organ donation after citizen's death is relatively high. It is effective to prevent the incidence of DDI by grading the risk of infection of donors and adopting rational preventive plan according to the score.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823638

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and risk factors contributing to post-transplant dia-betes mellitus (PTDM) in kidney transplant recipients within one year post-transplantation. Methods A total of 293 non-diabetic kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into non-PTDM group and PTDM group according to the diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus. The incidence of PTDM was cal-culated and the potential risk factors of PTDM were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results Among the 293 non-diabetic patients, 36 patients developed PTDM within 1 year, with an in cidence of 12.3%. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that age (OR 1.055, 95% CI 1.014-1.098, P=0.009), body mass index [odd ratio (OR) 1.231, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.084-1.398, P=0.001], polycystic kidney as the primary disease (OR 1.508, 95% CI 1.006-2.262, P=0.047), 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (OR 1.186, 95%CI 1.04-1.53, P=0.011), HbA1c (OR 1.732, 95% CI 1.075-3.428, P=0.015) and 1-hour postprandial blood C-pep-tide (OR 0.869, 95% CI 0.804-0.939, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for PTDM in kidney transplant re-cipients within 1-year post-transplantation. Conclusion Patients with older age, obesity, polycystic kidney as the primary disease, higher level of HbA1c and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, and lower level of 1-hour post-prandial blood C-peptide may have higher risk of developing PTDM.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805308

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and risk factors contributing to post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in kidney transplant recipients within one year post-transplantation.@*Methods@#A total of 293 non-diabetic kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into non-PTDM group and PTDM group according to the diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus. The incidence of PTDM was calculated and the potential risk factors of PTDM were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#Among the 293 non-diabetic patients, 36 patients developed PTDM within 1 year, with an incidence of 12.3%. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that age (OR 1.055, 95% CI 1.014-1.098, P=0.009) , body mass index [odd ratio (OR) 1.231, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.084-1.398, P=0.001], polycystic kidney as the primary disease (OR 1.508, 95% CI 1.006-2.262, P=0.047) , 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (OR 1.186, 95% CI 1.04-1.53, P=0.011) , HbA1c (OR 1.732, 95% CI 1.075-3.428, P=0.015) and 1-hour postprandial blood C-peptide (OR 0.869, 95% CI 0.804-0.939, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for PTDM in kidney transplant recipients within 1-year post-transplantation.@*Conclusion@#Patients with older age, obesity, polycystic kidney as the primary disease, higher level of HbA1c and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, and lower level of 1-hour postprandial blood C-peptide may have higher risk of developing PTDM.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3556-3559, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663648

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the quality of life and psychological status of donors and recipients of living-related donor kidney transplantation. Methods Selected the treatment of living donors in the hospital (n = 80)and recipients(n = 80)from January 2014 to January 2017 as the research objects,and 80 cases of hemodialysis patients at the same period as the control group. Using the SF-36,Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS),and the Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS)to evaluate the psychological status of the two groups and com-pared.Results Scores of donors′physiological function,and general health compared with the norms were not sig-nificant(P>0.05),while the somatic pain scores were significantly lower than the norms(P<0.05).There was no difference between the donors group and the norms in scores of vitality,social function and emotional function (P>0.05).The scores of physical health and mental health of recipients were significantly higher than those of the control group(P < 0.05). The donors′ SAS and SDS anxiety and depression scores were significantly higher than the norms(P<0.05).Besides,SAS and SDS anxiety and depression scores of the recipients were also significantly higher than the norms(P < 0.05),but significantly lower than the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion The living-related donor kidney transplantation does not affect the quality of life and psychological state of the donor, but can improve the quality of life and reduce the anxiety and depression of the recipient.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 57-60, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731625

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore treatment methods of donor kidney with single calculus in living renal transplantation and their effect.Methods The treatment experience of donor kidneys with unilateral renal calculus in living renal transplantation of 3 cases was summarized,which were diagnosed before operation.The kidney with renal calculus was excised as the donor kidney;ureteroscopic lithotomy was conducted in vitro,and then renal transplantation was performed by routine operation.Results There was no early complication such as delayed graft function and acute rejection in 3 recipients after operation.Three pairs of donors and recipients were followed up for 34,45 and 62 months respectively.The color Doppler ultrasound examination of urinary system after renal transplantation showed that,new renal calculus and urinary tract obstruction did not occur in donor's preserved kidneys and recipient's transplant kidneys.Renal function of all donors and recipients was good.Three donors were followed up until now,and no abnormal urine routine was discovered.One recipient developed IgA nephropathy,which was considered to be recurrent nephropathy and had nothing to do with renal calculus.Conclusions The donor kidney with single calculus in living renal transplantation can be treated effectively by ureteroscopic lithotomy in vitro after donor kidneys are excised.

11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 429-433, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731618

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of ImmuKnow immune cell function assay in monitoring of immune function changes after renal transplantation.Methods One hundred and six patients with uraemia undergoing renal transplantation in the Department of Organ Transplantation of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 201 3 to December 201 4 were included.Blood specimens were collected before transplantation and at the occurrence of infection or acute rejection during 1 2 months after transplantation.ImmoKnow was used to determine the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)content in CD4 +T cells.The ATP content of patients with renal transplantation at different clinical conditions were observed and compared,including periopreative group,stable group,acute rejection group and infecticn group (including severe pneumonia).The ratio of T cell subsets (CD4 +T cells,CD8 +T cells)and natural killer (NK)cells in peripheral blood were detected.Pearson correlation analysis was used to detect the association between ATP and the blood trough concentration of tacrolimus (FK506)and ciclosporin (CsA).Results The ATP content of the patients in the infection group was lower than that of the patients in the stable group (P <0.001 ).The ATP content of patients with severe pneumonia was lower than that of patients with other infections (P <0.05).The percentage of CD4 +T cells of the patients in the infection group was lower than that of the patients in the postoperative stable group (P <0.05 ). The ATP content was not associated with the postoperative blood trough concentration of FK506 and CsA.Conclusions ImmuKnow assay may be used to monitor the postoperative immune function of patients after renal transplantation.The detection of ATP content in CD4 + T cells has hinting and pre-warning function for postoperative infection,especially for severe pneumonia.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 335-339, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731604

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pathological changes of renal grafts from elderly donor in young recipients and to investigate the safety of kidney transplantation from elderly donors.Methods Fourteen elderly kidney donors (with the age >55 years old)and fourteen young recipients (with the age <30 years old)underwent living related donor renal transplantation at the Department of Transplantation of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 2008 to December 2008 were enrolled as the object of study.Every elderly donor kidney was performed time-zero biopsy and every young recipient was performed routine renal graft biopsy 6 months after transplantation.The pathological and structural changes of kidney tissues after renal transplantation from elderly donors were observed.Results The histopathological changes occurred at 6 months after transplantation from elderly kidney donors to young recipients.Compared with those before transplantation,the severity of renal arteriolar lesion and the index of renal arteriolar sclerosis alleviated after transplantation (P <0.05 ), and the ratio of glomerulosclerosis did not change after transplantation (P >0.05 ).The expression of fibronectin (FN)decreased after transplantation,but the difference had no statistical significance (P >0.05 ).The expression of laminin (LN ) decreased after transplantation (P <0.05).Conclusions The histopathological structure of renal graft from elderly donors in young recipients has improved.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Chronic al ograft nephropathy is a complication of kidney transplantation and most of patients wil eventual y develop transplant kidney dysfunction. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells as a low immunogenicity special cellpopulation have been shown to have differentiation, transdifferentiation, paracrine and other basic functions, which have been successful used in other clinical areas. Based on this characteristic, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells may play a therapeutic role in chronic al ograft nephropathy. OBJECTIVE:To study the safety and feasibility of autologus bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation via renal artery infusion and subsequent intravenous infusion guided by the digital subtraction angiography in the treatment of chronic al ograft nephropathy. METHODS:Eleven patients with chronic al ograft nephropathy who were confirmed from March 2011 to January 2013 were enrol ed, and then received transplant renal artery infusion once guided by the digital subtraction angiography and subsequent intravenous infusion twice of bone marrow mesechymal stem cells. Changes in serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine clearance, cystatin C, 24-hour urine protein, andβ2 microglobulin in the blood and urinary were monitored in patients up to 1 year after treatment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bleeding, transplant renal artery embolization, pseudoaneurysm and other related complications were not found in any of the 11 patients. The levels of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and cystatin C were significantly decreased at 1 week and 1 month after celltherapy (P0.05). The creatinine clearance at 1 week and 1 month after treatment showed a remarkable increase, which were significantly different from that before treatment (P0.05). The level of 24-hour urine protein was significantly decreased after 7 days of treatment (P0.05). The level ofβ2 microglobulin in the blood and urinary had no changes before and after treatment. These findings indicate that guided by the digital subtraction angiography, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via the renal artery infusion and subsequent intravenous infusion can improve kidney function of patients, but the celldosage and infusion method remain to be solved.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438999

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the compensatory changes in morphology,function,and hemodynamic indices of the retained kidney after nephrectomy among living related donors.Method The 170 living related kidney donors underwent assessments before surgery as well as at 1st and 12th month,postoperatively,including length,width,short diameter,glomerular filtration rate (GFR),effective renal plasma flow (ERPF),peak systolic blood flow velocity (Vsmax),resistance index (RI),as well as pulsatility indices (PI) of main renal artery (MRA),segmental renal artery (SRA),and interlobar renal artery (IRA).Results All subjects were followed up for 9 to 68 months,with no observed hypertension or kidney failure.The length,width,and short diameters of the retained kidney were increased significantly (P<0.01) at 1st and 12th month postoperatively.The renal sizes at 1st month postoperation were similar to that at 12th month postoperation (P>0.05).GFR and ERPF were increased significantly as compared with preoperative values (P<0.01) with similar values at postoperative month 1 and 12 (P>0.05).The Vsmax of MRA,SRA,and IRA in the retained kidney were increased significantly (P<0.01),and the RI and PI were also increased as compared with the preoperative values (P<0.05),albeit these indicators were similar at postoperative months 1 and 12 (P>0.05).Conclusion For all subjects studied after unilateral nephrectomy in a living related donor,the diameter of the retained kidney as well as the GFR and ERPF showed compensatory increases.Various arterial hemodynamic parameters also showed compensatory changes.Under strict donor inclusion criteria,living related kidney donor procedures is safe.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428097

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the safety and efficacy of low dose Peginterferon-alpha-2a (PEG-INF-α-2a) combined with Ribavirin treating chronic hepatitis C in renal transplant recipients.Methods A total of 13 cases of HCV hepatitis were randomly divided into treatment and control groups.Seven cases in treatment group were given PEG-INF-α-2a (90 μg/week) and ribavirin (600mg/day) for 16 to 48 weeks,and the rest 6 cases in control group were subjected to general liver protection and anti-inflammatory treatment. All patients were followed up for more than 2 years.Results There were 5 cases getting early response in treatment group for 16 weeks,including four cases of complete response and no non-effects response patients. In 4 cases voluntarily receiving treatment for 48 weeks,1 case had facial muscle myalgia and increased Cr level at 35th week,humoral graft rejection was confirmed pathologically,and the treatment was terminated; 1 case had recurrence of HCV RNA replication and PEG-INF-α-2a was withdrawn at 38th week.As results,5 patients in the treatment group obtained complete response after two years,including 2 cases whose HCV-IgG had got negative,HCV RNA replication was significantly lower than in the control group,and the average Cr higher than in control group (P> 0.05). There were adverse reactions during this treatment protocol: fever,muscle myalgia,agranulocytosis, anemia and humoral graft rejection.Conclusion The efficacy of low lose PEG-INF α-2a combined with ribavirin is definite in the treatment of chronic HCV hepatitis in kidney transplant recipients.The 16-week treatment duration is reasonable.It is remarkable that PEG-INF-α-2a may cause humoral graft rejection and Cr crawling.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 318-321, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401014

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical outcomes and evaluate the safety of living related live donors in kidney transplantation.Methods One hundre and thirty-two cases of living related donors were studied retrospectively for psychological and physiological parameters. The parameters including life quality, urinalysis, serum biochemistry tests, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and endogenous creatinine clearance rate (CCr) were analyzed.Results There was no significant difference between living related donors and normal people in the aspect of life quality. In living related donors,SCr was (78.33±15.94)μmol/L before operation and was (108.49±19.88)μmol/L at 7 days postoperation, P<0.05. SCr was (112.47±20. 38)μmol/L at 6 months post-operation. There was no significant difference in SCr levels between 7 days and 6 months post-operation (P=0. 109). CCr was (95.80±20.92)ml/min in pre-operation and was (57.36±14. 92)ml/min at 7 days post-operation,P<0.05. CCr was (65. 49±8. 25) ml/min at 6 months post-operation. There was no significant difference in CCr between 7 days and 6 months post-operation.The pre-operative total GFR was(74.08±18.51)ml/min. Of which, the right kidney GFR was (38.43±10.33)ml/min. The residual right kidney GFR was (56. 49±13. 01 ) ml/min 6 months after operation, which decreased 17. 59 ml/min (23.8%) compared with pre-operative total GFR (P<0.05) and increased 18. 06 ml/min (47.0%) compared to the pre-operative right kidney GFR. Surgical complications included 1 case of splenectomy, 1 case of descending colon rupture and 5 cases of wound fat liquefactions.Conclusion Pre-operatively systemic psychological and physiological evaluation on living related donors, detailed consent consultation, standardized operating techniques, careful perioperative management and strict follow-up can improve the safety of living related donors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 314-317, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400845

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical outcomes of the spouse donor kidney transplantation for evaluating the security.Methods Sixty-three cases of living-renal transplantation were divided into two groups, spouse donor group (12 cases) and the other related donor group (53 cases). Twelve cases of spouse-donor(SD)renal transplantation were summarized, that were compared with the nospouse transplantation cases of the other living-related renal transplantation in the same period, which were similar in basic conditions and in immunosuppressant scheme. The observational parameters included average hospitalization time, rate of acute renal necrosis, acute rejection incidence within 1 year, serum creatinine at 7 d, 30 d and 1 year after transplantation.Results The recipient age of the 2 groups was (39±3)years and (37±3)years(P=0.05), dialysis time was (4.7±3.2)months and (4.4±2.9)months(P=0.78), the average hospitalization time was (20.9±8.3)d and (23.0±7.8)d(P=0.41). There was no significant difference between the spouse donor group and the no spouse related donor group. The acute rejection incidence within 1 year was 33.3%(4/12) in spouse group and 3. 9%(2/51) in the other related group, there was significant difference between the 2 groups(P<0.05). The rate of acute renal necrosis was 16.7%(2/12) in spouse group and 3.9%(2/15)in no spouse related group, there was no significant different between the 2 groups(P>0.05).SCr was (206.47±47.22)μmol/L and (163. 75±25.91)μmol/L in spouse group at post-operation 7 d and 30 d, and was (142.79±89.42)μmol/L and (119. 99±15.03)μmol/L in no spouse group. There was significant difference between the groups(P=0.02, P=0.00). One year after operation, SCr was (133. 40±6. 11)μmol/L in spouse group and (121. 00±34.12)μmol/L in no spouse group,there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.25).Conclusions Preoperative comprehensive assessment of the spouse donors and recipients renal transplantation is the guarantee for the success.Short-term outcomes of spouse donor renal transplantation is ideal, but rate of acute rejection within 1 year is higher than that of the other living-relative donor kidney transplantation, which dose not influence the long-time survival of spouse recipients.

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