Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 451
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016403

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of changes in the prevalence of respiratory diseases and the reason for changes in medical visit behavior of children in Zhejiang Province during the winter and spring seasons of 2019-2021, and to provide important reference for the allocation of hospital resources, implementation of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, and epidemic prevention and control. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 256 937 outpatient medical records from January 23rd to April 23rd of each year from 2019 to 2021 at the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Statistical methods were used for data analysis. Results A total of 256 937 cases were selected in the present study, including 157 000 cases in 2019, 22 192 cases in 2020, and 77 745 cases in 2021. The number of patients to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from outside Hangzhou accounted for 41.74%, 14.36% , and 18.53% in 2019-2021, respectively. For 0~2 years old , 3~6 years old , and 7~14 years old groups , the percentages of patients with upper respiratory tract infections were 49.54%, 45.95%, and 46.74%, respectively ; with lower respiratory tract infections were 42.90% , 31.76% , and 22.95% ; with influenza were 2.23% , 3.15% and 4.09%; and with asthma were 1.37%, 5.08%, and 8.15%, respectively. Conclusion From 2019 to 2021, there have been significant changes in the total number of respiratory diseases in children, the proportion of disease types, and the proportion of children's geographical composition. It is necessary to continue to monitor children's respiratory diseases, grasp the dynamic changes in their medical visits in real time, adjust the hospital admission model , implement the graded treatment policy, and promote the prevention and control of respiratory diseases in children.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010112

ABSTRACT

V-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) alteration is one of the most essential driver genes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). BRAF encodes serine/threonine protein kinases, and its mutations typically lead to protein compositional activation, thereby activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) signaling pathway. A promising new approach for the treatment of mutated BRAF and/or downstream MEK may provide customized treatment opportunities for BRAF driven NSCLC patients. However, combination therapy is necessary to overcome the difficulties such as short duration of benefit, poor therapeutic effect of non-V600 BRAF mutations and susceptibility to drug resistance. This article reviewed the progress in structural characteristics, related signaling pathways, mutation types of BRAF gene, and the clinical pathological relationship between BRAF mutations and NSCLC, as well as the therapy, in order to provide more evidences for clinical doctors to make treatment decisions.
.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Mutation , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991399

ABSTRACT

To train homogeneous and excellent anesthesiologists who understand basic theory and clinical specialty, and response quickly and precisely to the emergency clinical condition. The Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University applied the integrated medical education mode combined with problem-based learning (PBL) to conduct the teaching of standardized residency training. We have always integrated relevant knowledge with "the alteration of pathophysiology" as the core, and standardized training teaching ideas with cases as the main line. A patient case bank has been set up based on the concept of integrated medical education, PBL training as the center, and the pathophysiological changes during anesthesia operation as the main line, which effectively achieves the goal of integrating theoretical knowledge with clinical practice. It is not only train high-quality anesthesiologists, but also improve their ability to find, analyze, and solve problems, so that the trainees form a habit of self-learning and continuous learning through the training.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 198-207, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971013

ABSTRACT

Mitogen-activated protein kinase-8-interacting protein 2 (MAPK8IP2) is a scaffold protein that modulates MAPK signal cascades. Although MAPK pathways were heavily implicated in prostate cancer progression, the regulation of MAPK8IP2 expression in prostate cancer is not yet reported. We assessed MAPK8IP2 gene expression in prostate cancer related to disease progression and patient survival outcomes. MAPK8IP2 expression was analyzed using multiple genome-wide gene expression datasets derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) RNA-sequence project and complementary DNA (cDNA) microarrays. Multivariable Cox regressions and log-rank tests were used to analyze the overall survival outcome and progression-free interval. MAPK8IP2 protein expression was evaluated using the immunohistochemistry approach. The quantitative PCR and Western blot methods analyzed androgen-stimulated MAPK8IP2 expression in LNCaP cells. In primary prostate cancer tissues, MAPK8IP2 mRNA expression levels were significantly higher than those in the case-matched benign prostatic tissues. Increased MAPK8IP2 expression was strongly correlated with late tumor stages, lymph node invasion, residual tumors after surgery, higher Gleason scores, and preoperational serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. MAPK8IP2 upregulation was significantly associated with worse overall survival outcomes and progression-free intervals. In castration-resistant prostate cancers, MAPK8IP2 expression strongly correlated with androgen receptor (AR) signaling activity. In cell culture-based experiments, MAPK8IP2 expression was stimulated by androgens in AR-positive prostate cancer cells. However, MAPK8IP2 expression was blocked by AR antagonists only in androgen-sensitive LNCaP but not castration-resistant C4-2B and 22RV1 cells. These results indicate that MAPK8IP2 is a robust prognostic factor and therapeutic biomarker for prostate cancer. The potential role of MAPK8IP2 in the castration-resistant progression is under further investigation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Androgens/therapeutic use , Receptors, Androgen/genetics , Prognosis , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014684

ABSTRACT

AIM: To introduce the entry point of clinical pharmacists on developing pharmaceutical care in the department of nephrology to further explore more pharmaceutical care entry point and to better promote rational drug use. METHODS: To summarize the work of the clinical pharmacists participate in the formulation and optimization of anti-infection therapy; participate in the formulation of parenteral nutrition program; conduct medication and adherence education; conduct pharmaceutical monitoring; provide evidence-based medical analysis for the off-label drug use in the department of nephrology by case sharing. RESULTS: Clinical pharmacists provide pharmaceutical care in the department of nephrology. This improves the medication compliance, avoids adverse reactions, optimize therapeutic regimen. CONCLUSION: Developing various pharmaceutical care in the department of nephrology will be safe, effective and economic for drug application.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 961-969, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013948

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of Polygonum capitatum(PC)in the treatment of Helicobacter Pylori associated gastritis(HAG). Methods The databases were used to identify the target of PC active compounds and HAG-related genes,and the intersection was taken to obtain the potential targets of PC treatment of HAG. The interaction network diagram of “drug-active compound-target-disease” and the protein-protein interaction(PPI)network of potential target protein interaction in HAG treated by PC were constructed by software Cytoscape 3.6.0. The important nodes in the network were screened by several topological indexes,and the GO and KEGG enrichment were analyzed by STRING database to obtain the potential signaling pathway of PC in the treatment of HAG. The binding ability of PC active components with key target proteins was observed by molecular docking method. On this basis,the related targets of PC in the treatment of HAG were verified in vivo and in vitro experiments. Results The PC active compounds and targets were identified through the database,and the “drug-active compound-target-disease” network diagram and the PPI network of potential target proteins were constructed. Combined with several topological indexes,the PPI network of potential target-protein interaction was analyzed,and 52 hub genes were screened. Further bioinformatics analysis and high-throughput sequencing revealed that PC exerted an effect on HAG through the Akt/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway. Based on this,it was found that PC could reduce IL-18 and IL-1β in HAG GES-1 cells and HAG SD rats,up-regulate Akt and its phosphorylation level and reduce NF-κB expression,inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammatory body,so as to improve HAG inflammatory response. Conclusions PC could exert a therapeutic effect on HAG by activating Akt and its phosphorylation level,and inhibiting the expression of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome related factors. This study provides a theoretical basis for explaining the mechanism of PC in the treatment of HAG.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1244-1248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012400

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma. Methods: A total of 7 cases of primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma were collected from Fujian Provincial Hospital (n=5), Fuzhou Taijiang Hospital (n=1) and Binzhou City People's Hospital of Shandong Province (n=1) from January 2021 to April 2023. The clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features were analyzed, and NUT rearrangement were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with break-apart probes. Results: Seven cases were all male with age ranging from 32 to 73 years. The main clinical manifestations were cough, expectoration and chest tightness. Microscopically, NUT carcinoma was composed of monotonous proliferation of primitive-appearing small-to-medium round cells, with few eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in solid sheets, nests or clusters. Abrupt keratinization was typically observed in 4 cases (4/7), with high mitotic activities and necrosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed that the tumors were positive for NUT (7/7), CK7 (4/4), CK5/6 (5/6), p40 (6/7). Ki-67 index were 30%-80%. NUT gene segregation (7/7) was detected by FISH break probes. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary NUT carcinoma is rare and highly malignant. Diagnosis depends on histopathology and IHC, with molecular detection as an adjunct for diagnosis. Pathologists should be aware of the clinicopathological characteristics to avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare therapy responses, outcomes, and incidence of severe hematologic adverse events of flumatinib and imatinib in patients newly diagnosed with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Methods: Data of patients with chronic phase CML diagnosed between January 2006 and November 2022 from 76 centers, aged ≥18 years, and received initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy within 6 months after diagnosis in China were retrospectively interrogated. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce the bias of the initial TKI selection, and the therapy responses and outcomes of patients receiving initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy were compared. Results: A total of 4 833 adult patients with CML receiving initial imatinib (n=4 380) or flumatinib (n=453) therapy were included in the study. In the imatinib cohort, the median follow-up time was 54 [interquartile range (IQR), 31-85] months, and the 7-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.2%, 88.4%, 78.3%, and 63.0%, respectively. The 7-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 71.8%, 93.0%, and 96.9%, respectively. With the median follow-up of 18 (IQR, 13-25) months in the flumatinib cohort, the 2-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.4%, 86.5%, 58.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. The 2-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 80.1%, 95.0%, and 99.5%, respectively. The PSM analysis indicated that patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had significantly higher cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) and higher probabilities of FFS than those receiving the initial imatinib therapy (all P<0.001), whereas the PFS (P=0.230) and OS (P=0.268) were comparable between the two cohorts. The incidence of severe hematologic adverse events (grade≥Ⅲ) was comparable in the two cohorts. Conclusion: Patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had higher cumulative incidences of therapy responses and higher probability of FFS than those receiving initial imatinib therapy, whereas the incidence of severe hematologic adverse events was comparable between the two cohorts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Imatinib Mesylate/adverse effects , Incidence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pyrimidines/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Benzamides/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Aminopyridines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 129-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of ubiquitin mutation at position 331 of tumor necrosis factor receptor related factor 6 (TRAF6) on the biological characteristics of colorectal cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: lentivirus wild type (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6) and mutation (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6-331mut) of TRAF6 gene expression plasmid with green fluorescent protein tag were used to infect colorectal cancer cells SW480 and HCT116, respectively. The infection was observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expressions of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut in cells was detected by western blot. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and plate cloning test were used to detect the proliferation ability of colorectal cancer cells in TRAF6 group and TRAF6-331mut group, cell scratch test to detect cell migration, Transwell chamber test to detect cell migration and invasion, immunoprecipitation to detect the ubiquitination of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut with ubiquitinof lysine binding sites K48 and K63. Western blot was used to detect the effects of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut over expression on the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen activated protein kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/activating protein-1(AP-1) signal pathway. Results: The successful infection of colorectal cancer cells was observed under fluorescence microscope. Western blot detection showed that TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut were successfully expressed in colorectal cancer cells. The results of CCK-8 assay showed that on the fourth day, the absorbance values of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were 1.89±0.39 and 1.88±0.24 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6 group (2.09±0.12 and 2.17±0.45, P=0.036 and P=0.011, respectively). The results of plate colony formation assay showed that the number of clones of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was 120±14 and 85±14 respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group (190±21 and 125±13, P=0.001 and P=0.002, respectively). The results of cell scratch test showed that after 48 hours, the percentage of wound healing distance of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was (31±12)% and (33±14)%, respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group [(43±13)% and (43±7)%, P=0.005 and 0.009, respectively]. The results of Transwell migration assay showed that the migration numbers of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P<0.001 and P<0.002, respectively). The results of Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of membrane penetration of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P=0.008 and P=0.009, respectively). The results of immunoprecipitation detection showed that the ubiquitin protein of K48 chain pulled by TRAF6-331mut was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 in 293T cells co-transfected with K48 (0.57±0.19), and the ubiquitin protein of K63 chain pulled down by TRAF6-331mut in 293T cells co-transfected with K63 was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 (0.89±0.08, P<0.001). Western blot assay showed that the protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-HCT116 cells were 0.63±0.08, 0.42±0.08 and 0.60±0.07 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-HCT116 cells (P=0.002, P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). The expression level of AP-1 protein in TRAF6-HCT116 cells was 0.89±0.06, compared with that in TRAF6-HCT116 cells. The difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells were 0.50±0.06, 0.51±0.04, 0.48±0.02, respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-SW480 cells (all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in AP-1 protein expression between TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells and TRAF6-SW480 cells. Conclusion: The ubiquitin site mutation of TRAF6 gene at 331 may prevent the binding of TRAF6 and ubiquitin lysine sites K48 and K63, and then affect the expressions of proteins related to downstream NF-κB and MAPK/AP-1 signal pathways, and inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Lysine/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6/metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-1/metabolism , Ubiquitin/metabolism
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1661-1664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977861

ABSTRACT

Meropenem is the first choice for the treatment of multi-drug-resistant bacterial infections, which has been widely used in clinical practice. However, the physiological and pathological characteristics of special populations have a significant impact on the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) parameters of meropenem, so it is necessary to develop individualized drug administration plan according to the characteristics of patients in clinical application. Therefore, this paper summarizes PK/PD characteristics and application of meropenem in special population, and recommends the dosage of meropenem as follows: 10-40 mg/kg, q8 h for children; 1 g, q8-12 h for elderly patients; 0.75 g, q8 h for the patients with renal insufficiency who received continuous veno-venous hemofiltration and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis; 1 g, q8 h prolonged infusion until 3 hours or 2 g, q8 h for patients with hyperrenal function; 1 g, q8 h after 2 g loading dose for patients with cirrhosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3738-3746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007989

ABSTRACT

Current studies have shown that centromere protein F (CENPF) was overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and might be involved in the pathogenesis of HCC. Specifically, due to the very large molecular weight (358 kDa) of CENPF full length protein, only CENPF knock-down, but not overexpression models, were applied currently to explore the carcinogenicity of CENPF in HCC. Whether CENPF overexpression is a cause or an effect in HCC remains to be illustrated. We aimed to establish a CENPF overexpression cell model using CRISPR/dCas9 synergistic activation mediator (SAM) system with lentiMPHv2 and lentiSAMv2 vectors to explore the role of CENPF overexpression in HCC. Single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) that specifically identify the transcription initiation site of CENPF gene were synthesized and inserted into the lentiSAMv2 plasmid. Huh-7 and HCCLM3 cells were first transduced with lentiMPHv2 and then selected with hygromycin B. The cells were then transduced with lentiSAMv2 carrying specific sgRNA for CENPF gene, followed by blasticidin S selection. The mRNA and protein detection results of Huh-7 and HCCLM3 cells screened by hygromycin B and blasticidin S showed that the endogenous overexpression of CENPF can be induced by sgRNA1 and sgRNA4, especially by sgRNA4. By using the CRISPR/dCas9 technique, stable cell models with overexpressed CENPF were successfully constructed to explore the role of CENPF in tumorigenesis, which provides a reference for the construction of cell models overexpressing large molecular weight protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Guide, CRISPR-Cas Systems , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Hygromycin B
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 653-661, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009797

ABSTRACT

The final analysis of the phase 3 Targeted Investigational Treatment Analysis of Novel Anti-androgen (TITAN) trial showed improvement in overall survival (OS) and other efficacy endpoints with apalutamide plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) versus ADT alone in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC). As ethnicity and regional differences may affect treatment outcomes in advanced prostate cancer, a post hoc final analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of apalutamide in the Asian subpopulation. Event-driven endpoints were OS, and time from randomization to initiation of castration resistance, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression, and second progression-free survival (PFS2) on first subsequent therapy or death. Efficacy endpoints were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional-hazards models without formal statistical testing and adjustment for multiplicity. Participating Asian patients received once-daily apalutamide 240 mg ( n = 111) or placebo ( n = 110) plus ADT. After a median follow-up of 42.5 months and despite crossover of 47 placebo recipients to open-label apalutamide, apalutamide reduced the risk of death by 32% (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.68; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-1.13), risk of castration resistance by 69% (HR: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.21-0.46), PSA progression by 79% (HR: 0.21; 95% CI: 0.13-0.35) and PFS2 by 24% (HR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.44-1.29) relative to placebo. The outcomes were comparable between subgroups with low- and high-volume disease at baseline. No new safety issues were identified. Apalutamide provides valuable clinical benefits to Asian patients with mCSPC, with an efficacy and safety profile consistent with that in the overall patient population.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Castration , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2250-2258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982825

ABSTRACT

Entinostat plus exemestane in hormone receptor-positive (HR+) advanced breast cancer (ABC) previously showed encouraging outcomes. This multicenter phase 3 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of entinostat plus exemestane in Chinese patients with HR + ABC that relapsed/progressed after ≥1 endocrine therapy. Patients were randomized (2:1) to oral exemestane 25 mg/day plus entinostat (n = 235) or placebo (n = 119) 5 mg/week in 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was the independent radiographic committee (IRC)-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). The median age was 52 (range, 28-75) years and 222 (62.7%) patients were postmenopausal. CDK4/6 inhibitors and fulvestrant were previously used in 23 (6.5%) and 92 (26.0%) patients, respectively. The baseline characteristics were comparable between the entinostat and placebo groups. The median PFS was 6.32 (95% CI, 5.30-9.11) and 3.72 (95% CI, 1.91-5.49) months in the entinostat and placebo groups (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-0.98; P = 0.046), respectively. Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 154 (65.5%) patients in the entinostat group versus 23 (19.3%) in the placebo group, and the most common grade ≥3 treatment-related AEs were neutropenia [103 (43.8%)], thrombocytopenia [20 (8.5%)], and leucopenia [15 (6.4%)]. Entinostat plus exemestane significantly improved PFS compared with exemestane, with generally manageable toxicities in HR + ABC (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT03538171).

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970580

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the main active components and potential mechanisms of Panax notoginseng saponins(PNS) and osteopractic total flavone(OTF) in the treatment of osteoporosis(OP) through network pharmacology, molecular docking and in vitro cell experiments, which was expected to provide a theoretical basis for clinical applications. The blood-entering components of PNS and OTF were obtained from literature search and online database, and their potential targets were obtained from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction. The OP targets were obtained by means of searching Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) and GeneCards. The common targets of the drug and disease were screened by Venn. Cytoscape was used to construct a "drug-component-target-disease" network, and the core components were screened according to the node degree. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the common targets was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape, and the core targets were screened according to the node degree. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of potential therapeutic targets were carried out by R language. Molecular docking was used to determine the binding activity of some active components to key targets by AutoDock Vina. Finally, HIF-1 signaling pathway was selected for in vitro experimental verification according to the results of KEGG pathway analysis. Network pharmacology showed that there were 45 active components such as leachianone A, kurarinone, 20(R)-protopanaxatriol, 20(S)-protopanaxatriol, and kaempferol, and 103 therapeutic targets such as IL6, AKT1, TNF, VEGFA and MAPK3 involved. PI3K-AKT, HIF-1, TNF and other signaling pathways were enriched. Molecular docking revealed that the core components had good binding ability to the core targets. In vitro experiments found that PNS-OTF could up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGFA and Runx2, indicating that the mechanism of PNS-OTF in treating OP may be related to the activation of HIF-1 signaling pathway, and thus PNS-OTF played a role in promoting angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation. In conclusion, this study predicted the core targets and pathways of PNS-OTF in treating OP based on network pharmacology and carried out in vitro experimental verification, which reflected the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway synergy of PNS-OTF, and provided new ideas for the future clinical treatment of OP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Osteogenesis , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Osteoporosis , Databases, Genetic
15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prokaryotically express a peptide fragment of 660 - 1468 amino acids in Neisseria gonorrhoeae NGO2105 protein, and to prepare and identify its polyclonal antibody. Methods:The pCold TF-NGO2105 660-1468 aa recombinant plasmid was transformed into the bacterium Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) for protein expression. After the inclusion body protein was denatured and renatured, the target protein was purified. Then, BALB/c mice were immunized with the target protein to prepare a polyclonal antiserum; the antibody potency was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the specificity of the antibody against NGO2105 protein in Neisseria gonorrhoeae was analyzed by Western blot analysis, the affinity of the antiserum with Neisseria gonorrhoeae was analyzed by flow cytometry, and adhesion inhibition assay was performed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of anti-NGO2105 660-1468 aa antibody on the adhesion of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to human cervical epithelial ME-180 cells. Comparisons between different groups were performed by using t test. Results:The NGO2105 660-1468 aa protein was expressed as the inclusion body, and the soluble target protein was obtained by denaturation, renaturation, and purification. After immunization of mice with the target protein, the antiserum titer was 5.12 × 10 6, and flow cytometry showed that the antibody bound well to the Neisseria gonorrhoeae NGO2105 660-1468 aa. Adhesion inhibition assay showed that the anti-NGO2105 660-1468 aa antibody significantly inhibited the adhesion of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to ME-180 cells, and the inhibitory effect was concentration-dependent to some extent, with the adhesion rates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae treated with 20- and 40-fold dilutions of the anti-NGO2105 660-1468 aa antibody being 52.9% and 79.2% respectively, significantly lower than the adhesion rate in the untreated group (100%, t = 8.40, 5.29, P < 0.001, = 0.006, respectively) . Conclusion:The NGO2105 660-1468 aa protein was successfully expressed and purified, and a highly potent polyclonal antibody was prepared, which had a good affinity with Neisseria gonorrhoeae and an adhesion inhibition ability.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 551-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994083

ABSTRACT

Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are novel agents for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in recent years, and a variety of PARP inhibitors have been reported with clinical evidence for the beneficial. Although these drugs are actually of attributes with pharmacological similarities, due to the discrepancies in the molecular structure and pharmacodynamics, the respective efficacy and safety from clinical circumstances are quite varied. While it comes to the best clinical determination, the optimization for regimen is important on the basis of clinical exhaustiveness for the reports, in addition the laboratory examination for mCRPC, and either the tumorous genetic benchmark are necessarily being calculated.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 544-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994080

ABSTRACT

Localized ureteral amyloidosis is a rare disease clinically and radiographically similar to ureteral carcinoma. We reported a 56-year-old man with painless gross hematuria. CT and Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) examinations showed tumor signs and ureteral amyloidosis was diagnosed by ureteral biopsy. Laparoscopic partial ureterectomy combined with boari flap was performed and the patient's renal function was preserved. There was no local recurrence and distant metastasis during the 1-year follow-up.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1274-1280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924084

ABSTRACT

Blumea balsamifera belonging to Blumea of Compositae family is a perennial herb or subshrub ,which is the only source of Traditional Chinese medicine Aipian and ethnic medicine essential oil of B. balsamifera . B. balsamifera contains volatile oil,flavonoids,sesquiterpenoids,phenylpropanoids,etc.,and shows antibacterial ,anti-inflammatory,analgesic,treating burns and scalds,neuroprotective and antioxidant effects ,etc. In this paper ,the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities are summarized by reviewing the domestic and foreign research literatures ,and it is expected to provide a reference for the in-depth research and development and utilization of B. balsamifera .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Review and analyze the characteristics of bone marrow cell morphology in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and explore the diagnostic value of bone marrow cell morphology for the early identification of EBV infection.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 patients with EBV-DNA positive detection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2018 to May 2021 were collected as the research objects. Bone marrow cell morphology and peripheral blood cell analysis were performed, and the significance in disease diagnosis was analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#The sampling satisfaction of 33 patients with EBV infection was 100%. In the clinical diagnosis of all cases, 7 cases were IM, 17 cases were EBV-HLH, 3 cases were lymphoma, 2 cases were EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia, and 4 cases were not diagnosed. Among them, 31 patients had active bone marrow hyperplasia or above, 26 patients had active granulocytic hyperplasia or above, 21 patients had active erythroid hyperplasia or above, and 17 cases of megakaryocyte production platelet function decreased. The abnormal components of bone marrow mainly indude atypical lymphocyte cells (33 cases), hemophagocytic cells (22 cases), abnormal histiocyte (10 cases).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the proliferation of granulocytes, erythrocytes and megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, and the emergence of abnormal components such as atypical lymphocytes, hemophagocyte, abnormal histiocyte. Bone marrow cell morphological examination can indicate the possibility of EBV infection, which is certain diagnostic value for early identification of EBV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Diseases/pathology , China , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Hyperplasia/pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 368-373, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and side effects of PD-1 monoclonal antibody in the treatment of advanced metastatic renal cell carcinoma in China.Methods:The clinical data of 117 patients with advanced metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with PD-1 monoclonal antibody from October 2016 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 87 males (74.4%) and 30 females (25.6%), with an average age of (57.9±10.9) years old, BMI of (23.6±3.4) kg/m 2and smoking history of 79 (67.5%). There were 44 cases (37.6%) with hypertension, 19 (16.2%) cases of diabetes. The ECOG score of 59.8% (70/117) patients was 0, 33.3% (39/117) was 1, 4.3% (5/117) was 2, and 2.5% (3/117) was 3. The pathological type of 104 cases were renal clear cell carcinoma (ccRCC), 8 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma, 2 cases of chromophobe cell carcinoma, 2 cases of collecting duct carcinoma and 1 case of eosinophilic cell carcinoma. The general condition of the overall population and the overall survival (OS) of relevant subgroups were analyzed. Secondary goals included progression free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), adverse reactions, overall survival (OS), and progression free survival (PFS). Results:65.8% (77 / 117) of the patients chose targeted combined with PD-1 monoclonal antibody in the first-line treatment. The main targeted drugs were acitinib (81.8%, 63 / 77), tirelizumab (37.6%, 29 / 77) and cindilimab (25.9%, 20 / 77). After first-line treatment, 19.6.1% (23 / 117) patients needed to be converted to second-line treatment, and 15 patients changed the type of PD-1 antibody during treatment. In addition, the targeted drug of combined therapy was replaced by acitinib in 8 patients. The main causes of drug withdrawal were disease progression (70.7%, 29 / 41) and death (29.2%, 12 / 41). The median OS of the overall population was 35.6 (19-60) months and PFS was 12.1 (1-60) months. The ORR of the overall population was 47.8% (56 / 117). 4.2% (5/117) patients had complete remission, another 17.0% (20/117) patients were in stable condition, and 43.5% (51 / 117) patients were in partial remission. In the first-line treatment, the median PFS time of targeted combined with PD-1 monoclonal antibody was 12.6 (1-30) months, the median PFS time of PD-1 single drug immunotherapy was 10.5 (1-60) months. In the second-line treatment, the PFS of patients treated with PD-1 monoclonal antibody was 10.1 (4-19) months, and that of patients treated with PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with targeted therapy was 11.7 (1-25) months. The most common adverse reactions were elevated blood pressure (18.5%, 23 / 124), followed by hypothyroidism (15.3%%, 19/124), rash (14.5%, 18 / 124), elevated transaminase (10.5%, 13 / 124) and bone marrow suppression (9.7%, 12/124). 9.4% (11 / 117) patients needed to reduce the related adverse reactions by interrupting the treatment control of PD-1 monoclonal antibody.Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of PD-1 monoclonal antibody in domestic patients are better, and the side effects are less. The efficacy and safety of PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with targeted therapy in the real world population are consistent with many key clinical trials abroad. PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with targeted drugs can be popularized in the domestic MRCC population.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL