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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1287-1293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the lesion characteristics and predictors of invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-verified obstructive lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR)>0.80, that is, anatomy-function mismatch.Methods:A total of 515 obstructive vessels in 419 coronary disease patients from 11 Chinese medical centers undergoing coronary CT angiography and ICA and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. All vessels had one target lesion with diameter stenosis ≥50 % by ICA. There were 229 vessels in the match group (FFR≤0.80) and 286 vessels in the mismatch group (FFR>0.80). The lesion characteristics including lesion territory, the distance of the coronary artery ostium to the proximal end of the lesion, minimum lumen area, reference lumen area, plaque length and burden, plaque volume and component volume, remodeling index and plaque morphological complexity were measured and compared between the two groups. Optimal thresholds of quantitative plaque characteristics were defined by Yoden index. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictors of anatomy-function mismatch. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the ability of different lesion features to predict mismatched lesions.Results:The coronary stenosis, plaque burden and length, plaque volume (including each component volume) in the mismatch group were smaller than those in the match group, and FFR, minimum lumen area were larger (all P<0.05). Left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion and severe complex plaque were more common in the match group than the mismatch group with a statistically significant difference. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD lesion, minimum lumen area>4 mm 2, plaque burden and length, plaque calcification volume<27 mm 3, plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3, plaque fiber volume<150 mm 3 and plaque morphological complexity were predictiors of anatomic function mismatched lesions; Multivariate logistic regression showed that the minimum lumen area>4 mm 2 (OR=3.371, 95%CI 1.903-5.973, P<0.001), plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3 (OR=3.014, 95%CI 1.691-5.373, P<0.001), plaque morphological complexity (mild OR=17.772, 95%CI 8.072-39.128, P<0.001, moderate OR=6.383, 95%CI 3.739-10.896, P<0.001) were independent predictors of mismatched lesions. The AUC of the model based on the minimum lumen area, plaque lipid volume and morphological complexity was 0.824, which was superior to either of the plaque feature alone ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The minimum lumen area, lipid volume and plaque morphological complexity are independent predictors of the anatomical-functional mismatch lesions, and the combination can significantly improve the prediction value.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 429-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of postoperative internal fixation failures of femoral intertrochanteric fractures and analyze the related reasons using the leverage-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed for 40 patients suffering from implant failure after internal fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 20 males and 20 females, aged from 43 to 92 years [(74.1±11.5)years]. The patients were assigned to extramedullary fixation (extramedullary fixation group, 17 patients) and intramedullary fixation (intramedullary fixation group, 23 patients). Complications associated with internal fixation were recorded, including internal fixation cutout, coxa vara deformity of hip joint, internal fixation withdrawal, femoral heck shortening and internal fixation breakage. Based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, the failure reasons of internal fixation were analyzed in combination with the change of arm length and outward shift of fulcrum measured before operation, after internal fixation and after fixation failure.Results:Among 40 patients, internal fixation cutout occurred in 18 patients, coxa vara deformity of hip joint in 37, internal fixation withdrawal in 29, femoral neck shortening in 37 and internal fixation breakage in 3. In extramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (8.0±1.0)mm and (59.4±10.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (72.7±21.7)mm and (8.9±7.4)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (50.3±14.9)mm and (33.6±17.6)mm. In intramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (6.7±0.6)mm and (49.8±9.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (51.5±7.0)mm and (19.8±5.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (41.6±9.6)mm and (32.4±7.7)mm. In each group, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after internal fixation showed significant differences from that of normal ones and from that after fixation failure ( P<0.05). The length of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group ( P<0.05). The shortening of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group after fixation failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The extramedullary and intramedullary fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures result in the displacement of reconstruction fulcrum. The shortening of power arm is observed after fixation failure. The leverage-balance-reconstruction theory is helpful to analyze the cause of complications. The power arm after extramedullary fixation is longer than that after intramedullary fixation and is therefore more prone to fixation failure. The primary cause of postoperative internal fixation complications is to achieve a new balance of leverage.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the heterogeneity of behavioral problems and cognitive function of three subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and to analyze the related factors of cognitive function.Methods:The outpatients with ADHD were evaluated by Wechsler children′s intelligence test (C-WISC), SNAP-Ⅳ parental rating scale (SNAP-Ⅳ), Conners parental symptom questionnaire (PSQ) and 12 online cognitive function tests. The differences of behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD, and the correlation between their intelligence level, PSQ, SNAP-Ⅳ and cognitive function were compared by SPSS 22.0 software.Results:The results of PSQ questionnaire showed that ADHD-C ((1.11±0.59), (1.59±0.58), (1.62±0.50)) had higher behavior problems, impulse-hyperactivity and hyperactivity index than ADHD-I ((0.64±0.27), (1.01±0.54), (1.09±0.32)) and ADHD-HI ((0.75±0.35), (1.22±0.58), (1.05±0.38)) ( F=9.374, F=7.644, F=15.176, P<0.05), while ADHD-C (2.01±0.55) had higher learning problems than ADHD-I (1.66±0.58) and ADHD-HI (1.16±0.43) ( F=11.709, P<0.05). In terms of cognitive function, there were differences in language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability, sequence relationship and short-term memory ability ( χ2=6.734, 7.192, 7.822, 8.646, all P<0.05) among the three groups of ADHD children. ADHD-HI (4.00(4.00, 5.00), 5.00(4.25, 6.00), 5.00(4.00, 7.00)) had better language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability and sequence relationship than ADHD-I (3.00(2.00, 5.00), 3.00(2.50, 6.00), 4.00(3.00, 5.50)). The short-term memory ability of ADHD-HI (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) and ADHD-C (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) were better than that of ADHD-I (4.00(3.00, 5.00)). The intellectual structure of ADHD children was positively correlated with spatial cognitive ability, sequential relationship, Raven reasoning test, short term memory span and Wisconsin card sorting test ( r=0.25-0.57, all P<0.05). Children′s learning problems and psychosomatic problems were negatively correlated with their digital comprehension ability ( r=-0.26, -0.25, both P<0.05). Conclusion:The behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD are different and have a certain correlation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909332

ABSTRACT

In the 42 nd and 44 th workshops of CSPEN-nutritional risk-undernutrition-support-outcome-cost effectiveness ratio (NUSOC) multi-center database collaboration group, Jens Kondrup and Henrik Rasmussen described again the application of NRS 2002, the evidence-based basis of NRS 2002 development and the methodology for prospective validation of clinical effectiveness. There is no gold standard for validation. They both considered that malnutrition could be identified as a score of 3 or more for impaired nutritional status in NRS 2002. Although NRS 2002 is simple and easy to be applied, it is not comprehensive enough for malnutrition diagnosis. ASPEN and ESPEN on-line published the Global Leadership (nutritional) Initiative on Malnutrition(GLIM)diagnosis criteria in September 2018. With the gradual implementation of medicare payment based on diagnosis related groups(DRG)in China, the nutritional risk and the malnutrition diagnosis with Chinese version of ICD-10 (2016) code should be recorded in the first page of the medical records. In this terminology interpretations, the terms of nutritional risk screening(NRS 2002.01.016)and malnutrition diagnosis (GLIM-phenotypic criteria 01.028, etiologic criteria 01.029) published in Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Terminology 2019 are discussed based on the reports given by Kondrup and Rasmussen in Beijing and Zhengzhou.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device on pulmonary function, inflammatory factors and short-term prognosis in older adult patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), which provide objective evidence for clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation of this disease.Methods:Eighty-three older adult patients with AECOPD who received treatment in Taizhou Central Hospital, China between January 2016 and December 2018 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (control group, n = 38) or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device (study group, n = 45) for 7 days. Pulmonary function, blood gas indexes, inflammatory factor levels and curative effect were compared between the two groups. Results:After treatment, partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) in each group were significantly increased, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly decreased, compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). The degree of improvement in PaO 2, PaCO 2 and PaO 2/FiO 2 in the study group was greater than that in the control group ( t = 2.261, 6.854, 2.040, all P < 0.05). The ratio of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) to forced vital capacity (FEV 1/FVC), the ratio of FEV1 to predicted value (FEV 1/Pre), and the maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) per minute in each group were significantly increased compared with before treatment. After treatment, the degree of increase in FEV 1/FVC, FEV 1/Pre, and MVV in the study group was greater than that in the control group ( t = 2.442, 2.120, 2.944, all P < 0.05). After treatment, serum levels of inerleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-α, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in each group were significantly decreased compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). After treatment, the degree of decrease in serum levels of inerleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-α, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the study group was significantly greater than that in the control group ( t =7.978, 10.857, 8.543, all P < 0.05). Length of hospital stay, duration of antibiotic use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test score and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire score in the study group were (7.52 ± 1.38) days, (7.14 ± 1.38) days, (18.95 ± 4.76) points, (1.73 ± 4.21) points, respectively, which were significantly shorter/lower than those in the control group [(8.55 ± 1.47) days, (8.25 ± 1.45) days, (8.07 ± 5.81) points, (55.97 ± 5.28) points, t = -2.510, -2.722, -7.943, -10.351, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device can effectively improve the pulmonary function of older adult patients with AECOPD, decrease the level of inflammatory factors, and improve short-term prognosis. This study is highly innovative and scientific and is of significance for clinical promotion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and etiology of children with alimentary tract hemorrhage so as to optimize the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 2 054 children with alimentary tract hemorrhage in Kunming Children′s Hospital from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among 2 054 children with alimentary tract hemorrhage, males was in 1 274 cases, females was in 780 cases, and the ratio of males to females was 1.6∶1; <3.0 years old was in 647 cases (31.5%), 3.0 to 5.9 years old was in 488 cases (23.8%), 6.0 to 8.9 years old was in 413 cases (20.1%), 9.0 to 11.9 years old was in 281 cases (13.7%), and ≥12 years old was in 225 cases (11.0%); upper alimentary tract hemorrhage was in 991 cases, lower alimentary tract hemorrhage was in 1063 cases. The top three causes of children with upper alimentary tract hemorrhage were acute or chronic gastritis/ gastric ulcer, anaphylactoid purpura and systemic serious infection; the top three causes of children with lower alimentary tract hemorrhage were intestinal polyps, anaphylactoid purpura and food protein allergic colitis. A rare causes of alimentary tract hemorrhage had Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, cavernous transformation of portal vein, Bartter syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, Budd-Chiari syndrome, annular pancreas, Reye syndrome, Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, Evans syndrome and perianal angiectasia and so on.Conclusions:Alimentary tract hemorrhage is a common disease in pediatrics. With the increase of age, the proportion of children with alimentary tract hemorrhage decreased. The main causes of upper and lower alimentary tract hemorrhage are different in different age stages. In addition to paying attention to common causes, the rare causes of alimentary tract hemorrhage should be vigilant and recognized.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the suspected cases of pertussis, to explore the pathogen, and to analyze the clinical features of pertussis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of suspected pertussis cases who visited the Department of Infectious Diseases in the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2015 to May 2019.Results:(1) The PCR test for respiratory secretions of Bacillus pertussis was completed in 400 cases, with 198 cases positive (49.5%). (2) Among the 198 cases, 158 cases with pertussis were less than 1 year old (79.8%), 113 cases had a clear history of close contact with cough patients (57.1%), and 162 cases were not vaccinated or did not complete full diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis(DTP) vaccination (81.8%). The incidence of spasmodic cough was 73.7%(146/198 cases); the duration from onset to diagnosis was (17.2±12.3) d; the incidence of cyanosis after cough was 31.3%(62/198 cases), cough with vomiting 17.7% (35/198 cases), inspiratory croup 12.1%(24/198 cases); other concomitant symptoms included wheezing, runny nose, fever, diarrhea, etc.(3) All the patients were divided into the pertussis group (198 cases), other pathogen group (104 cases), and unknown pathogen group (98 cases). Comparison of the clinical symptoms of the three groups showed the highest incidence of cyanosis after cough in pertussis group ( χ2=15.334, P<0.001), and the highest incidence of wheezing, dyspnea, fever, pulmonary rales and stridor in other pathogen group ( χ2=79.208, 38.214, 16.709, 44.794, 42.480, all P<0.001). The percentages of white blood cells, lymphocytes and platelets in the pertussis group were higher than those in the other two groups ( F=15.812, 18.198, 10.819, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Suspected cases of pertussis are infected with various pathogens.Improving the pertussis nucleic acid detection and respiratory virus detection can help to make a clear diagnosis.Pertussis is more common in infants under 1 year of age and in those who have not completed vaccination.The most prominent clinical symptom is spasmodic cough, and the incidence of cyanosis after cough is higher than that of patients infected with other pathogens.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences of main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt. Method:A total of 83 batches samples were collected in the market, including 41 batches of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,32 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and 10 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt. The contents of main components were determined with high performance liquid chromatography coupled with four-pole tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS),and the differences were analyzed. Result:The main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt were fructo-oligosaccharides (GF<italic>n</italic>),monotropein. The main components of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were fructose,glucose,sucrose,and monotropein. The main differences of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were the contents of fructose,glucose,sucrose and GF2-GF11. The contents of GF2-GF11 in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were all lower than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,with extremely significant differences(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The contents of fructose,glucose and sucrose in<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were significantly higher than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix. The content of GF3 in each batch was higher than 40.0 mg·g<sup>-1</sup> in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt,and significantly higher than the limit in<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. However,there were only a few batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. The contents of monotropein in processing Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were 42.6,39.8,32.3 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>,respectively. The content of monotropein in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming. The content of monotropein in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix<italic> </italic>processed with salt. Compared with the components of GF2-GF11,the effect of processing with steaming process and/or salt on monotropein content was relatively less. Conclusion:The contents of GF2-GF11 components in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix were converted into fructose,glucose and sucrose after processing with steaming and/or salt. The results showed that the content limit of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming needs to be revised in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>for the quality control of Morindae Officinalis Radix. The results provide a reference basis for revising the quality standards and studying the pharmacodynamic material basis of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt.

10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1397-1411, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922649

ABSTRACT

Exposure to chronic hypoxia is considered to be a risk factor for deficits in brain function in adults, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Since active myelinogenesis persists in the adult central nervous system, here we aimed to investigate the impact of chronic hypoxia on myelination and the related functional consequences in adult mice. Using a transgenic approach to label newly-generated myelin sheaths (NG2-CreER


Subject(s)
Animals , Clemastine , Hypoxia/complications , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Myelin Sheath , Oligodendroglia
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 320-327, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922349

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) is a worldwide problem in the field of orthopaedic trauma. So far, there is no ideal treatment or consensus-based gold standard for its management. This paper reviews the representative literature focusing on PTO, mainly from the following four aspects: (1) the pathophysiological mechanism of PTO and the interaction mechanism between bacteria and the body, including fracture stress, different components of internal fixation devices, immune response, occurrence and development mechanisms of inflammation in PTO, as well as the occurrence and development mechanisms of PTO in skeletal system; (2) clinical classification, mainly the etiological classification, histological classification, anatomical classification and the newly proposed new classifications (a brief analysis of their scope and limitations); (3) imaging diagnosis, including non-invasive examination and invasive examination (this paper discusses their advantages and disadvantages respectively, and briefly compares the sensitivity and effectiveness of the current examinations); and (4) strategies, including antibiotic administration, surgical choices and other treatment programs. Based on the above-mentioned four aspects, we try to put forward some noteworthy sections, in order to make the existing opinions more specific.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Osteomyelitis/therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921698

ABSTRACT

Schisandra sphenanthera is dioecious and only the fruits of female plants can be used as medicine and food. It is of great significance for the cultivation and production of S. sphenanthera to explore the differences between male and female plants at the non-flowering stage and develop the identification markers at non-flowering or seedling stage. In this study, the transcriptome of male and female leaves of S. sphenanthera at the non-flowering stage was sequenced by Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology and analyzed based on bioinformatics. A total of 236 682 transcripts were assembled by Trinity software and 171 588 were chosen as unigenes. Finally, 1 525 differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were identified, with 458 up-regulated and 1 067 down-regulated in female lea-ves. The down-regulated genes mainly involve photosynthesis, photosynthesis-antenna protein, carbon fixation in photosynthetic or-ganisms, and other pathways. Real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR) identified two genes between male and female leaves and one of them was a HVA22-like gene related to floral organ development and abscisic acid(ABA). Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was applied to determine the content of ABA, auxin, gibberellin, and zeatin riboside(ZR) in leaves of S. sphenanthera. The results showed that the content of ABA and ZR in male leaves was significantly higher than that in female leaves. The involvement of down-regulated genes in female leaves in the photosynthesis pathway and the significant differences in the content of endogenous hormones between male and female leaves lay a scientific basis for analyzing the factors affecting sex differentiation of S. sphenanthera.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Leaves/genetics , RNA-Seq , Schisandra , Transcriptome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of tuberculous peritonitis (TBP).Methods:The clinical data of 252 TBP patients admitted to three hospitals in Wuhu area from January 2014 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical characteristics of TBP patients of different genders and ages were compared. SPSS 26.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Among 252 TBP patients, 130 were males (51.6%) and 122 were females (48.4%). History of abdominal surgery, abdominal masses, reproductive disorders, genital tuberculosis, and delay in diagnosis were more common in female patients (all P<0.01); while fever, cough/sputum expectoration, intestinal tuberculosis and active tuberculosis were more common in male patients (all P<0.01). The proportion of adenosine deaminase in ascites (ADA) ≥35 U/L, strong positive tuberculin test or T-cell spot test in middle-aged and elderly patients was lower than that in young patients ( P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between different genders. Compared with young patients, middle-aged and elderly patients had a low complete response rate, a high proportion of irregular medications, a high incidence of gastrointestinal reactions, liver damage and overall adverse reactions (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Female patients with TBP have fewer symptoms of systemic tuberculosis and high rate of delay in diagnosis, and are prone to complicated with reproductive tuberculosis. In middle-aged and elderly patients with TBP, the sensitivity of ADA and tuberculosis tests is decreased, and the anti-tuberculosis therapy is less effective. The study indicates that the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TBP should be optimized based on the gender and age of patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888184

ABSTRACT

Indolealkylamines(IAAs) are the main hydrophilic substances in toad skin, mainly including free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine. In this study, the LPS-activated neutrophils were used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the above-mentioned five monomers from the toad skin in vitro. The neutrophils were divided into the control group, model group(1 μg·mL~(-1) LPS), positive drug group(100 μg·mL~(-1) indometacin), as well as the low-(50 μg·mL~(-1)), medium-(100 μg·mL~(-1)) and high-dose(200 μg·mL~(-1)) free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine groups. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in the neutrophil supernatant of each group was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) after LPS stimulation, followed by the detection of apoptosis in each group after Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression levels of caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, beclin1, LC3-I, and LC3-Ⅱ were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that IAAs reduced the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines caused by LPS compared with the model group. Besides, the activity of each free IAAs(N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine and dehydrobufotenine), especially bufotenine, was stronger than that of the binding bufothionine. As revealed by Annexin V/PI staining, LPS delayed the early apoptosis of neutrophils compared with the control group, while bufotenine promoted the apoptosis of neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner, which might be related to the elevated expression of apoptosis-related protein Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, LPS activated the autophagy pathways in neutrophils. This study confirmed the efficacy of IAAs in reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in neutrophils induced by LPS for the first time. For instance, bufotenine exerts the anti-inflammatory effect possibly by inducing the apoptosis of neutrophils.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Bufonidae , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Neutrophils , Skin
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888112

ABSTRACT

Twenty-six compounds, including sixteen meroterpenoids(1-16), a triterpenoid(17), four terpenoid derivatives(18-21), and five aromatic compounds(22-26), were isolated from the leaves of Psidium guajava. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analyses including NMR and MS. Compounds 21-26 were obtained from plants of Psidium for the first time. Based on the structure,(R)-2-ethylhexyl 2H-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxylate(24 a), an α-glucosidase inhibitor recently isolated from Paramignya trimera, should be revised as compound 24. Meroterpenoids 1-16 were evaluated for their antitumor and antifungal activities. Meroterpenoids psiguajadial D(4), guapsidial A(5), 4,5-diepipsidial A(7), guadial A(14), and guadial B(15) showed cytotoxicities against five human tumor cell lines(HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW-480), among which 5 was the most effective with an IC_(50) of 3.21-9.94 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves , Psidium , Terpenes
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888008

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants are beneficial to human health. However,most of the major producing regions of medicinal plants suffer from rust disease,which threatens the yield and quality of Chinese medicinal materials,thus causes huge economic loss,and hinders the sustainable development of the Chinese medicine industry. By the end of 2020,rust disease had been reported in medicinal plants of 76 species and 33 families. In the 76 species,79 rust pathogens were detected. The majority of these pathogens belonged to Puccinia( 33,39. 24%),Coleosporium( 14,15. 19%),and Aecidium( 11,13. 92%). Of these 79 rust pathogens,10 were autoecious and 13 were heteroecious. Through literature research,this study reviewed the symptoms,pathogen species,severity and distribution,prevalence and occurrence conditions,and control measures of rust disease in medicinal plants,and thereby summarized the research status of rust disease in medicinal plants and the gap with other plants,which is expected to serve as a reference for further research on rust disease in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota/genetics , Humans , Plant Diseases , Plants, Medicinal
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886533

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To discuss the operation skill and clinical effects of using domestic balloon-expandable Prizvalve® transcatheter "valve-in-valve" to treat the degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. Methods    All the admitted surgical tricuspid valve bioprosthetic valve replacement patients were evaluated by computerized tomography angiography (CTA), ultrasound, and 3D printing technology, and 2 patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis were selected for tricuspid valve "valve-in-valve" operation. Under general anesthesia, the retro-preset Prizvalve® system was implanted into degenerated tricuspid bioprosthesis via the femoral vein approach under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Results    Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation was successfully performed in both high-risk patients, and tricuspid regurgitation disappeared immediately. The operation time was 1.25 h and 2.43 h, respectively. There was no serious complication in both patients, and they were discharged from the hospital 7 days after the operation. Conclusion    The clinical effect of the degenerated tricuspid bioprosthetic valve implantation with domestic balloon-expandable valve via femoral vein approach "valve-in-valve" is good. Multimodality imaging and 3D printing technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of this innovative technique.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through apical approach for aortic regurgitation of large annulus. Methods    From November 2019 to May 2020, 10 male patients aged 64.50±4.20 years with aortic valve insufficiency (AI) underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital. The surgical instruments were 29# J-valveTM modified and the patients underwent TAVR under angiography. The preoperative and postoperative cardiac function, valve regurgitation, complications and left ventricular remodeling were summarized by ultrasound and CT before and after TAVR. Results    A total of 10 valves were implanted in 10 patients. Among them, 1 patient was transferred to the aortic arch during the operation and was transferred to surgical aortic valve replacement; the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with J-valve, with 6 patients of cardiac function (NYHA) class Ⅱ, 4 patients of grade Ⅲ. And there was a significant difference between preoperation and postoperation in left ventricular ejection fraction (44.70%±8.78% vs. 39.80%±8.48%, P<0.05) or aortic regurgitation (1.75±0.72 mL vs. 16.51±8.71 mL, P<0.05). After 3 months, the patients' cardiac function was good. Conclusion    TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of severe valvular disease with AI using J-valve.

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