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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the reliability and safety of continuous monitoring of vital signs in patients using wireless wearable monitoring devices after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer. Methods The patients undergoing VATS for lung cancer in West China Hospital, Sichuan University from May to August 2023 were prospectively enrolled. Both wireless wearable and traditional wired devices were used to monitor the vital signs of patients after surgery. Spearman correlation analysis, paired sample t test and ratio Bland-Altman method were used to test the correlation, difference and consistency of monitoring data measured by the two devices. The effective monitoring rate of the wireless wearable device within 12 hours was calculated to test the reliability of its continuous monitoring. Results A total of 20 patients were enrolled, including 15 females and 5 males with an average age of 46.20±11.52 years. Data collected by the two monitoring devices were significantly correlated (P<0.001). Respiratory rate and blood oxygen saturation data collected by the two devices showed no statistical difference (P>0.05), while heart rate measured by wireless wearable device was slightly lower (=−0.307±1.073, P<0.001), and the blood pressure (=1.259±5.354, P<0.001) and body temperature(=0.115±0.231, P<0.001) were slightly higher. The mean ratios of heart rate, respiratory rate, blood oxygen saturation, blood pressure and body temperature collected by the two devices were 0.996, 1.004, 1.000, 1.014, and 1.003, respectively. The 95% limits of agreement (LoA) and 95% confidence interval of 95%LoA of each indicator were within the clinically acceptable limit. The effective monitoring rate of each vital signs within 12 hours was above 98%. Conclusion The wireless wearable device has a high accuracy and reliability for continuous monitoring vital signs of patients after VATS for lung cancer, which provides a security guarantee for subsequent large-scale clinical application and further research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999967

ABSTRACT

Liver cancer is the fourth most prevalent and the second most lethal cancer in China. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection represents a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver ultrasonography plus alpha-fetoprotein every 6 months continues to be the predominant surveillance modality. The age-Male-ALBI-Platelets score was recommended in the recent 2022 Chinese guidelines to predict HCC occurrence. The Chinese liver cancer (CNLC) staging system proposed in the 2017 guidelines continues to be the standard model for staging with modifications in the treatment allocations. Considering the aggressive nature of HBV-associated HCC, multimodal and high-intensity strategies like the addition of immunotherapy-based systemic treatment to local therapies, including resection, ablation, and intra-arterial therapies, have been adopted in real-life practices in China. The latest Chinese guidelines recommend atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, suntilimab plus a bevacizumab analog, lenvatinib, sorafenib, donafenib, and FOLFOX (folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin) chemotherapy as first-line treatment without priority. Regorafenib, apatinib, camrelizumab, and tislelizumab have been added as second-line systemic therapies for patients who progressed on sorafenib. Systemic therapies adopted in real-life practice are sophisticated with various combination modalities and different sequences.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996848

ABSTRACT

@#Aortic dissection is one of the most devastating cardiovascular diseases. One of the most important pathological features of aortic dissection is local inflammatory response, including the infiltration of inflammatory cells, extracellular matrix degradation, and smooth muscle cell phenotype switch. Macrophages which are the core of the inflammatory response play an extremely pivotal role in the progression of inflammation and tissue remodeling. Macrophages can be artificially divided into M1 and M2 types, of which the M1-type promotes inflammation while the M2-type is associated with the regression of inflammation and tissue healing. Mastering the switch of phenotypic transformation of macrophages may be of great help in inhibiting the inflammation of aortic tissue and facilitating tissue healing, as well as the treatment of aortic dissection. In this paper, we focus on the polarization of macrophages and discuss the role of macrophages in aortic dissection, the polarization pathway and the effect of related polarizing agents on the treatment of aortic dissection.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 902-908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, imaging and gene variation characteristics of hereditary spastic paraplegia type 74 caused by mutations in IBA57 gene. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 2 cases of autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia caused by mutations in IBA57 gene who visited the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Wuxi Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in 2010 and 2021, and the patients′ clinical data were collected. Results:The 2 patients were siblings with onset age of 4 years and 7 months, 1 year and 3 months, respectively. The same compound heterozygous mutations in IBA57 gene were found in the sibling patients [c.473G>C (p.R158P) and c.697C>T (p.R233X)]. Both patients were diagnosed as spastic paraplegia type 74. They had mild to moderate gait abnormalities, optic atrophy, decreased vision, and leukodystrophy with periventricular white matter abnormality, but no obvious growth and mental retardation in developmental assessment. Conclusions:Cases of spastic paraplegia type 74 caused by compound heterozygous mutations in IBA57 gene mainly manifested as childhood onset and slowly progressive inferior spasmodic weakness. The patients did not display significant cognitive impairment, and imaging examinations showed obvious leukodystrophy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of patients with localized pustular psoriasis irresponsive or intolerant to conventional treatment.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, who received secukinumab treatment in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from December 2019 to April 2022. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) area and severity index (PPPASI) score and physician global assessment (PGA) score in PPP patients before and after the treatment, and by comparing clinical global impression (CGI) score in patients with acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH). Adverse events were recorded during the treatment.Results:Among the 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, 6 were diagnosed with PPP, 3 with ACH, and 4 with PPP complicated by ACH. There were 3 males and 10 females, and their age was 33.2 ± 14.6 years. After 12-week treatment, the PPPASI score decreased from 13.88 ± 3.62 points at baseline to 6.81 ± 2.31 points in 10 patients presenting with PPP lesions, 4 achieved 75% improvement in the PPPASI score (PPPASI75), and 5 achieved PGA0/1; at the same time, 6 of the 7 patients presenting with ACH lesions achieved moderate or marked improvement in the CGI score, and 4 of the 6 patients achieved marked improvement. Two patients with PPP discontinued the treatment after 3- and 5-week treatment respectively due to poor response, and 1 patient with ACH achieved mild improvement in the CGI score after 12-week treatment. No severe adverse events were reported during the treatment. However, inflammatory follicular papules occurred in 1 patient, and eczematoid lesions occurred in another 1 patient, which both regressed after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Secukinumab was effective and safe in the treatment of refractory localized pustular psoriasis, and may serve as a new treatment option for refractory PPP and ACH.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of ultra-rapid lispro insulin (URLi) and humalog lispro (HL) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:This was an international multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled study. From May 2019 to January 2021, a total of 481 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who had been using insulin for at least 90 days and had poor glycemic control, were included. These patients were recruited from 34 research centers in China, including Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Sixth People′s Hospital. They were assigned to either the URLi group (319 patients) or the HL group (162 patients) using stratified blocked randomization. The primary endpoint was the change in hemoglobin A 1c (HbA 1c) relative to baseline after 26 weeks of treatment. Secondary endpoints included the proportion of patients who achieved HbA 1c<7.0% and ≤6.5% after 26 weeks of treatment, 1-h postprandial glucose (1hPG) or 2-h postprandial glucose (2hPG) excursions during a mixed meal tolerance test at week 26, as well as safety parameters. Continuous variables were compared using mixed model repeated measures or analysis of covariance, and categorical variables were compared using logistic regression or Fisher′s exact test. Results:Data based on the Chinese subgroup showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the URLi and HL groups in terms of male percentage [56.1% (179/319) vs. 56.2% (91/162); P=0.990], age [(59.5±8.4) vs. (59.6±9.3) years; P=0.839] and other baseline characteristics. Regarding the change in HbA 1c relative to baseline, the URLi group was non-inferior to the HL group (-0.59%±0.05% vs. -0.66%±0.06%; P=0.312). There were no statistically significant differences between the URLi and HL groups in proportion of patients who achieved HbA 1c<7.0% [47.3% (138/292) vs. 45.2% (70/155); P=0.907] and≤6.5% [27.7% (81/292) vs. 27.7% (43/155); P=0.816]. The excursions in 1hPG [(6.20±0.21) vs. (6.90±0.25) mmol/L; P=0.001] and 2hPG [(8.10±0.27) vs. (9.30±0.31) mmol/L; P<0.001] were lower in the URLi group than the HL group, with statistically significant differences. In terms of safety, there were no statistically significant differences in the percentage of subjects who reported treatment-emergent adverse events between the URLi and HL groups [49.8% (159/319) vs. 50.0% (81/162); P=1.000]. The event rate of nocturnal hypoglycemia was lower in the URLi group than the HL group, with statistically significant differences [(0.53±0.10) vs. (0.89±0.16) events per patient -year; P=0.040]. Conclusions:With good glycemic control, URLi showed non-inferiority for HbA 1c improvement versus HL and was superior to HL for postprandial glucose excursion control. Meanwhile the rate and incidence of nocturnal hypoglycemia were lower in the URLi group than the HL group.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994297

ABSTRACT

Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is a rare extranodular lymphoma. It is subject to misdiagnosis due to atypical clinical and imaging features. Histopathology is required to establish the diagnosis. Patients often present to the Endocrinology Department upon revelation of adrenal incidentalomas by imaging. PAL is often accompanied by invasion of other tissues and organs, with a high mortality rate and a poor prognosis. In this paper, the clinical features of a patient with primary adrenal lymphoma and intracranial invasion were summarized, and the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of this disease were reviewed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of quadruple therapy involving radiotherapy (RT), lenvatinib, anti-PD-1 antibody and GEMOX (oxaliplatin and gemcitabine) chemotherapy (quadruple therapy) in treatment cohort of patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods:The patients with recurrent, metastatic, or unresectable ICC underwent quadruple therapy at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University between September 2018 and May 2022 were selected. The data about efficacy and safety of quadruple therapy were collected in the hospital electronic medical record system. All patients were followed up regularly to obtain the long-term prognostic data until December 31, 2022. The efficacy, prognosis, and toxicity data were collected and analyzed.Results:A total of 41 patients were included in the analysis. After a median follow-up period of 15 months, disease progression was diagnosed in 36 patients (18 patients died), while 3 patients were lost to follow-up. The causes of death included liver failure induced by intrahepatic tumor progression ( n=6), distant metastases (lungs or brain, n=6), abdominal lymph node metastases ( n=3), cancer cachexia ( n=2), and unknown cause ( n=1). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11 months (95% CI: 9.2-12.8), and the median overall survival (OS) was 35 months (95% CI: 17.0-52.0). All patients experienced treatment-related adverse events (AEs) during the study treatment period. Of the 41 patients, 13 patients experienced at least once grade 3 or worse treatment-related AE, but all were manageable with symptomatic treatment. No treatment-related deaths were reported during the follow-up period. Conclusions:Radiotherapy (RT), lenvatinib, anti-PD-1 antibody and GEMOX in the treatment of unresectable ICC shows significant efficacy and good safety, which is worthy of clinical application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and validate the models based on mixed enhanced computed tomography (CT) radiomics and deep learning features, and evaluate the efficacy for differentiating pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma (PASC) from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) before surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 201 patients with surgically resected and histopathologically confirmed PASC (PASC group) and 332 patients with surgically resected histopathologically confirmed PDAC (PDAC group) who underwent enhanced CT within 1 month before surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected. The patients were chronologically divided into a training set (treated between January 2011 and January 2018, 156 patients with PASC and 241 patients with PDAC) and a validation set (treated between February 2018 and December 2020, 45 patients with PASC and 91 patients with PDAC) according to the international consensus on the predictive model. The nnU-Net model was used for pancreatic tumor automatic segmentation, the clinical and CT images were evaluated, and radiomics features and deep learning features during portal vein phase were extracted; then the features were dimensionally reduced and screened. Binary logistic analysis was performed to develop the clinical, radiomics and deep learning models in the training set. The models' performances were determined by area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and decision curve analysis (DCA).Results:Significant differences were observed in tumor size, ring-enhancement, upstream pancreatic parenchymal atrophy and cystic degeneration of tumor both in PASC and PDAC group in the training and validation set (all P value <0.05). The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed the tumor size, ring-enhancement, dilation of the common bile duct and upstream pancreatic parenchymal atrophy were associated with PASC significantly in the clinical model. The ring-enhancement, dilation of the common bile duct, upstream pancreatic parenchymal atrophy and radiomics score were associated with PASC significantly in the radiomics model. The ring-enhancement, upstream pancreatic parenchymal atrophy and deep learning score were associated with PASC significantly in the deep learning model. The diagnostic efficacy of the deep learning model was highest, and the AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the deep learning model was 0.86 (95% CI 0.82-0.90), 75.00%, 84.23%, and 80.60% and those of clinical and radiomics models were 0.81 (95% CI 0.76-0.85), 62.18%, 85.89%, 76.57% and 0.84 (95% CI 0.80-0.88), 73.08%, 82.16%, 78.59% in the training set. In the validation set, the area AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of deep learning model were 0.78 (95% CI 0.67-0.84), 68.89%, 78.02% and 75.00%, those of clinical and radiomics were 0.72 (95% CI 0.63-0.81), 77.78%, 59.34%, 65.44% and 0.75 (95% CI 0.66-0.84), 86.67%, 56.04%, 66.18%. The DCA in the training and validation sets showed that if the threshold probabilities were >0.05 and >0.1, respectively, using the deep learning model to distinguish PASC from PDAC was more beneficial for the patients than the treat-all-patients as having PDAC scheme or the treat-all-patients as having PASC scheme. Conclusions:The deep learning model based on CT automatic image segmentation of pancreatic neoplasm could effectively differentiate PASC from PDAC, and provide a new non-invasive method for confirming PASC before surgery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990624

ABSTRACT

Lenvatinib mesylate is an oral receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor against targets of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1-3, fibroblast growth factor receptors 1-4, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α, stem cell growth factor receptor, and rearranged during transfection, et al. Lenvatinib has been approved by the National Medical Products Administration of China on September 4,2018, for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma who have not received systematic treatment before. Up to February 2023, Lenvatinib has been listed in China for more than 4 years, accumulating a series of post-marketing clinical research evidences. Based on the clinical practice before and after the launch of lenvatinib and referring to the clinical experience of other anti-angiogenesis inhibitors, domestic multidisciplinary experts and scholars adopt the Delphi method to formulate the Chinese Expert Guidance on Overall Application of Lenvatinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma after repeated discussions and revisions, in order to provide reference for reasonable and effective clinical application of lenvatinib for clinicians.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010971

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is characterized by diffuse alveolar injury primarily caused by an excessive inflammatory response. Regrettably, the lack of effective pharmacotherapy currently available contributes to the high mortality rate in patients with this condition. Xuebijing (XBJ), a traditional Chinese medicine recognized for its potent anti-inflammatory properties, exhibits promise as a potential therapeutic agent for ALI/ARDS. This study aimed to explore the preventive effects of XBJ on ALI and its underlying mechanism. To this end, we established an LPS-induced ALI model and treated ALI mice with XBJ. Our results demonstrated that pre-treatment with XBJ significantly alleviated lung inflammation and increased the survival rate of ALI mice by 37.5%. Moreover, XBJ substantially suppressed the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in the lung tissue. Subsequently, we performed a network pharmacology analysis and identified identified 109 potential target genes of XBJ that were mainly involved in multiple signaling pathways related to programmed cell death and anti-inflammatory responses. Furthermore, we found that XBJ exerted its inhibitory effect on gasdermin-E-mediated pyroptosis of lung cells by suppressing TNF-α production. Therefore, this study not only establishes the preventive efficacy of XBJ in ALI but also reveals its role in protecting alveolar epithelial cells against gasdermin-E-mediated pyroptosis by reducing TNF-α release.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Pyroptosis , Gasdermins , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007945

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine entered a significant period from foundation to maturity between Han and Tang dynasties when the Chinese traditional stomatology was a key stage. Sorting and analysis of existing literature and research outcomes have showed that current research on stomatology between Han and Tang dynasties focuses on oral physiology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment, and health care. It also involves stomatology history and explanation of termino-logies related to mouth and teeth recorded in medical books, use of simple methods, and thinking with citation and analysis of literature simply listed and reasoning preliminarily deducted. From the macro perspective, current research has not unveiled the whole picture of stomatology between the two dynasties and left a series of key issues unresolved. Thus, new methods should be developed and employed to carry out medical research on stomatology between Han and Tang dynasties given that is has a prosperous future.


Subject(s)
Mouth , Oral Medicine , Cognition , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 68-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971628

ABSTRACT

Most information used to evaluate diabetic statuses is collected at a special time-point, such as taking fasting plasma glucose test and providing a limited view of individual's health and disease risk. As a new parameter for continuously evaluating personal clinical statuses, the newly developed technique "continuous glucose monitoring" (CGM) can characterize glucose dynamics. By calculating the complexity of glucose time series index (CGI) with refined composite multi-scale entropy analysis of the CGM data, the study showed for the first time that the complexity of glucose time series in subjects decreased gradually from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose regulation and then to type 2 diabetes (P for trend < 0.01). Furthermore, CGI was significantly associated with various parameters such as insulin sensitivity/secretion (all P < 0.01), and multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the disposition index, which reflects β-cell function after adjusting for insulin sensitivity, was the only independent factor correlated with CGI (P < 0.01). Our findings indicate that the CGI derived from the CGM data may serve as a novel marker to evaluate glucose homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Time Factors , Insulin
15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 109-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970763

ABSTRACT

Homeostasis is a dynamic balance process of self-regulating. Biological systems remain stable through adapting to changing external conditions to maintain normal life activities. Homeostatic medicine is the science of studying homeostasis of human molecules, cells, organs and the whole body. It is a comprehensive discipline based on maintaining homeostasis to keep human health and assist for diseases prevention and diagnoses. Homeostatic medicine focuses on the whole body and on the role of homeostasis in health and disease, which is expected to provide new ideas and strategies for maintaining health as well as diagnosing and treating diseases. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the control of multisystem homeostasis. Nitrate is an important substance in regulating NO homeostasis through the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway. Sialin, nitrate transporter which is located in the cell membrane and cytoplasm, mediates multiple cellular biological functions. The nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway and sialin-mediated biological functions play an important role in the regulation of body homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nitrates/metabolism , Nitrites/metabolism , Homeostasis , Nitric Oxide
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1507-1511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980543

ABSTRACT

As aging societies enter worldwide, the elderly population is increasing year by year, and visual and cognitive impairment have thus become important global issues, imposing a significant socioeconomic burden worldwide. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown a strong association between visual and cognitive impairments, with patients with visual impairment being more likely to experience cognitive decline, especially dementia. In addition, there is also evidence that improving visual acuity has a significant effect on cognitive function, and that by improving visual function, the development of cognitive decline and dementia can be delayed, which provides new ideas for public health efforts to delay and mitigate cognitive decline and dementia by improving visual function. The possible mechanisms underlying the association between visual and cognitive impairment remain unclear and need to be studied further.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1357-1361, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978633

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment of patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia(AACE)in different refractive status.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 110 patients with non-type I AACE treated from January 2020 to January 2022. The non-myopic group(30 cases, spherical equivalent&#x003E;-0.5D)and the myopic group(80 cases, spherical equivalent≤-0.5D)were divided according to the refractive status. The degree of deviation, accommodative convergence and accommodation ratio(AC/A), visual function, and surgical methods were observed. RESULTS: The non-myopic group had no difference in the degree of near deviation [(47.13±23.54)△] and the degree of distant deviation [(48.90±22.59)△](P&#x003E;0.05); near deviation [(40.49±26.09)△] of myopic group was less than distant deviation [(50.09±25.41)△](P&#x003C;0.001); and there was no difference in the same distance between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05). AC/A in the non-myopic group(5.40±2.23)was higher than that in the myopic group(3.14±3.10; P&#x003C;0.05). Patients in the myopic group had better near stereopsis than the non-myopic group(P&#x003C;0.05). The non-myopic group had a variety of surgical methods, while the myopic group mostly used lateral rectus resection or/and medial rectus recession.CONCLUSION: AACE can occur in different refractive status. Non-myopic patients have the same degree of distant and near strabismus, high AC/A, and varied surgical methods. However, myopic patients have less degree of near deviation than distant deviation and have normal AC/A and better near stereopsis, and lateral rectus resection or/and medial rectus recession are commonly used.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 349-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960965

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy of Jensen and augmented Hummelsheim procedures in the treatment of complete paralytic esotropia.METHOD: A total of 35 patients(44 eyes)who were diagnosed with complete paralytic esotropia from October 2016 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, of which 15 cases(21 eyes)underwent Jensen procedure combined with recession of antagonist muscle(Jensen procedure group), and 20 cases(23 eyes)received augmented Hummelsheim procedure combined with recession of antagonist muscle(Hummelsheim procedure group). The operation time, preoperative and postoperative esotropia deviation, degree of abduction paralysis, recession of medial rectus muscle and cure rate were observed.RESULTS: Clinical data and operation time of the patients in two groups were not statistically significant(P &#x0026;#x003E;0.05). During the last follow-up, the esotropia deviation of Jensen procedure group decreased from 102.33±41.70PD to 3.93±4.82PD(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), and it decreased from 94.75±33.03PD to 2.85±5.96PD in Hummelsheim procedure group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), while the degree of abduction paralysis were significantly improved from -4.81±0.40 to -1.57±0.51 in the Jensen procedure group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001)and from -4.91±0.29 to -1.22±0.42 in Hummelsheim procedure group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). Besides, there was no statistical difference in postoperative esotropia deviation between the two groups(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05), but the degree of postoperative abduction paralysis in the Hummelsheim procedure group was significantly better than that of Jensen procedure group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The recession of medial rectus muscle of the two groups were 7.16±2.07 and 6.37±2.34 mm, respectively(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). During the last follow-up, in the Jensen procedure group, 2 patients were undercorrection(+10PD and +12PD respectively)and 13 cases(87%)were cured. In the Hummelsheim procedure group, 1 patient was undercorrection(+25PD)and 19 patients were cured(95%), and there was no statistical significance in cure rates of the two groups(P=0.565).CONCLUSIONS: Both Jensen procedure and augmented Hummelsheim procedure can effectively treat complete paralytic esotropia, and the latter is more effective in improving the abduction paralysis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 451-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986093

ABSTRACT

About 8 dental schools were founded by Chinese dentists during modern times (1909-1949) in China. Only one still worked after the founding of the People's Republic of China, which was one of the three dental schools founded by dentist Situ Bo. There were no systematic researches on Situ Bo's participation in dentistry education. This paper analyzes the founder's experience in dentistry and in the two schools he founded at the beginning, focusing on the background and process of the schools' construction, management, teaching, teachers and students training, etc. The results show that the establishment of the first two dental schools have laid important foundation for the establishment and development of Shanghai Dental College by the reserve of trained professional teachers and accumulated valuable experience in running schools. The systematic review of this history will help us better understand the establishment and development of Shanghai Dental College and the efforts in dentistry education made by dentists growed up in modern China, as well as the early development process of stomatology.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, prognosis of malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT). Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 patients with MMTVT who treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and October 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. Cases were first diagnosed at (M (IQR)) 49 (23) years old (range: 27 to 64 years old). The main clinical manifestations were scrotal enlargement (7 cases) and hydrocele (2 cases). Results: Three patients underwent radical orchiectomy as initial treatment, 2 cases underwent hydrocelectomy due to diagnosis of hydrocele, followed by radical orchiectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, and 2 cases underwent transscrotal orchiectomy. Common tumor markers of testicular cancer were not significantly elevated in MMTVT. The expression of tumor PD-L1 was positive in 2 out of the 3 cases. One patient received adjuvant chemotherapy and 2 patients received first-line chemotherapy after tumor recurrence. Chemotherapy regimens used include cisplatin+pemetrexed. Up to October 2022, 3 cases relapsed, of which 2 cases died. The median overall survival was 35 months (range: 4 to 87 months) and the median progression-free survival was 6 months (range: 2 to 87 months). Conclusions: MMTVT at early stage should be treated with early radical orchiectomy and followed up closely after surgery. The cisplatin+pemetrexed regimen is a common option for the treatment of metastatic MMTVT, while whether immune checkpoint inhibitors could serve as a second-line treatment option deserves further research.

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