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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872121


Objective:Dorsocervical fat pad is common in middle-aged women. Current treatments include surgical excision and liposuction. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of tumescent liposuction on dorsocervical fat pad. Anatomical study was also carried out to explore the anatomical structure and significance of dorsocervical fat pad.Methods:From Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2018, twenty-seven patients with dorsocervical fat pad were treated with tumescent liposuction in Peking University Third Hospital. Small incisions were made in bilateral scapular region and 4 mm suction cannula was applied. A female cadaver fixed with formaldehyde was dissected to investigate the structure of posterior cervical and dorsal region. The specimens were stained with HE and Masson staining.Results:14 patients were followed up for no less than 6 months, with an average follow-up time of 27 months. Patients' dorsocervical area were flat and smooth after the surgery. Patient satisfaction rate was 100% and no severe complication was reported except bruise and pain. The symptoms of dorsocervical pain in two patients were significantly improved after operation. Anatomical study showed that the dorsocervical fat pad was composed of superficial and deep layer of adipose tissue, with clear boundary between the two layers and no obvious capsule. The collagen fibers in deep layer were more and denser than those in superficial layer.Conclusions:Tumescent liposuction can effectively treat dorsocervical fat pad. The surgery outcome is ideal with little complication.Through the study of the anatomical structure of the dorsocervical fat pad, the operation method and principle of liposuction can be improved and the operation efficiency can be enhanced.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792165


Objective To explore the feasibility of our method on assessing the three-dimensional facial morphological features based on three-dimensional surface imaging techniques.Methods According to the admission criteria,three-dimensional facial images of 34 attractive young Chinese women and 172 healthy reference young women were selected from the three-dimensional facial images database of our department.For those images,anthropometric facial measurements including facial height,width,the degree of convexity and concavity were computed using three-dimensional surface imaging techniques combined with three-dimensional coordinate system.The variance between attractive group and reference group was analyzed and the facial morphological features of each group were preliminarily summarized.Results Both groups met the criteria of mesoprosopy,not the "vertical facial trisection and rule of fifths".The attractive group had a relatively narrow anterior facial frame,a more rounded and full upper face compared with the reference group.They also had smaller intercan thai width compared with the reference group.Moreover,the attractive group showed more prominent nose,more full and prominent medial cheek.In addition,the attractive group shared less protruded upper lips and less retruded chin compared with the reference group.Conclusions Assessing facial morphology using three-dimensional surface imaging techniques is a convenient and feasible method.The evaluation of sagittal facial convexity and concavity is an indispensable part of facial morphology features assessment.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807628


Objective@#To investigate the morphology and structure of the perpendicular plate of ethmoid and measure its anatomical parameters among Chinese population. To discuss the safety range of harvesting perpendicular plate of ethmoid in rhinoplasty.@*Methods@#Sixty-four healthy Chinese were included in accordance with certain requirements and their paranasal sinus was examined using 64 slices computed tomography (CT). The three-dimensional (3D) structure of their perpendicular plate of ethmoid was reconstructed, and the area, length, height and thickness were measured by Mimics 17.0 software. Statistical analysis was completed by SPSS 22.0 software and was checked out by t-test.@*Results@#According to the result from 3D anatomical analysis, the length of the anterior border of perpendicular plate of ethmoid was (28.58±2.91) mm, the inferior border was (26.17±5.76) mm and the posterior border was (19.84±3.17) mm. The thickness of the anterior border three sections were (3.07±0.72) mm, (3.09±0.73) mm and (1.75±0.55) mm respectively. The thickness of the inferior border in three sections were (1.96±0.62) mm, (1.94±0.73) mm and (1.87±0.67) mm, respectively. The length of the middle and lower third of the perpendicular plate of ethmoid anterior border was (10.04±2.39) mm. As to the superior border, the length was (35.31±6.52) mm. The total area of the perpendicular plate of ethmoid was (1 057.85±184.38) mm2, the lower section area was (474.09±109.60) mm2, and the ratio of middle and lower third to the total area was 0.45±0.07.@*Conclusions@#The thickness of the lower 1/3 segment of the vertical plate of the ethmoid bone is thinner than that of the upper segment, and it is far away from the skull base, which is easily to harvest and meet the application in surgery.