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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 220-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873734

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors and clinical prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) early after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation or combined heart-lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into the AKI group (n=104) and non-AKI group (n=51) according to the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Clinical Practice Guideline. The incidence of AKI early after lung transplantation was summarized. The main indexes of recipients were collected. The risk factors of the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation were subjected to univariate and multivariate analysis. The clinical prognosis of lung transplant recipients was evaluated and the survival curve was delineated. Results The incidence of AKI early after lung transplantation was 67.1%(104/155), including 47 recipients with stage 1 AKI, 34 recipients with stage2 AKI and 23 recipients with stage 3 AKI, respectively. Sixteen recipients required continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) early after lung transplantation. Preoperative complication with diabetes mellitus, preoperative complication with pulmonary hypertension, intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) < 60 mmHg, intraoperative massive blood transfusion, and treatment with excessive therapeutic concentration of tacrolimus (Tac) within postoperative 1 week were the independent risk factors for the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation. Up to the end of follow-up, 66 recipients (42.6%) died, including 50 recipients in the AKI group and 16 recipients in the non-AKI group. The cumulative survival rate in the AKI group was significantly lower than that in the non-AKI group (40% vs. 66%, P < 0.05). With the increase of AKI severity, the cumulative survival rate of lung transplant recipients was decreased. Conclusions AKI develops early after lung transplantation with high incidence and poor clinical prognosis. Preoperative complication with diabetes mellitus and pulmonary hypertension, intraoperative MAP < 60 mmHg and massive blood transfusion, and treatment with excessive therapeutic concentration of Tac within postoperative 1 week are the independent risk factors for the occurrence of AKI early after lung transplantation.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 743-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829690

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the common early complications after lung transplantation, which not only increases the short-term and long-term fatality of lung transplant recipients, but also significantly increases the incidence of long-term chronic renal insufficiency after surgery. In recent years, early AKI after lung transplantation has attracted high attention along with the rapid development of lung transplantation in China. In this article, research progresses on diagnosis, incidence, risk factors, prevention and treatment of early AKI after lung transplantation around the globe were reviewed, aiming to better identify the risk factors and poor prognosis of early AKI after lung transplantation, and provide theoretical and practical guidance for early clinical interventions.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 391-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821548

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of lung transplantation in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods Clinical data of one patient with end-stage CF undergoing allogeneic bilateral lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods and treatment strategies of the CF recipient were summarized. Results The recipient had suffered from relevant symptoms since childhood including repeated cough and purulent sputum for 30 years, complicated with recurrent pulmonary infection combined with acute exacerbation, chronic sinusitis and extremely severe malnutrition. Prior to lung transplantation, the patient had to depend upon the invasive ventilator due to respiratory muscle weakness, and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for a long time. Imaging examination revealed multiple cystic columnar bronchiectasis accompanied with infection in bilateral lungs. The diagnosis of CF was further confirmed by sweat test and gene detection. The recipient underwent bilateral lung transplantation on August 17, 2017 and received rehabilitation treatment. The lung function was gradually restored to normal. The recipient had obtained the same quality of life to the healthy counterparts since the date of manuscript submission (over 2 years). Conclusions Lung transplantation is an efficacious treatment for end-stage CF, which can not only save patients' lives, but also significantly improve the quality of life of patients.

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