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1.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 705-709, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934165

ABSTRACT

Thumb loss will seriously affect hand function. Replantation of a severed thumb is indispensable if possible. There is a higher level of difficulty in replantation of rotational avulsed thumbs when compared with other type of severed digit. But with the development of microsurgery technique and instruments, the survival rate of replantation has been significantly increased. How to achieve a simple and fast operation, minimal trauma at the donor site and the best function recovery, is the task for future exploration. However, there exists obvious variance in individual differences among surgeons, due to the lack of a unified standard surgical procedure. Therefore, based on a study of domestic literatures, this article reviews the specific methods in handling of bones, repair of nerve, tendon and blood vessels as well as the skin coverage applied in replantation of thumb rotation avulsion detachment. This article summarises the most clinical widely used and ideal operations and provides a reference for the surgeons.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 9-13, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the progression pattern of acquired resistance to osimertinib and the treatment method as well as the therapeutic effect of salvage therapy in advanced lung cancer patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) sensitive mutation or T790M mutation after the treatment of tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI).Methods:The data of 145 patients with advanced lung cancer treated with osimertinib in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital between April 2017 (the approval time of osimertinib in China) and May 2019 were collected. At the last follow-up (December 2019), a total of 87 (60.0%) patients had acquired resistance to osimertinib, 61 (70.1%) of whom received salvage treatment; for patients with dramatic progression after resistance, chemotherapy was mainly given in the salvage therapy; for patients with gradual or local progression after resistance, the continuing targeted drug therapy and the local therapy were given. Imaging evaluation and Kaplan-Meier method were used to analyze the progression pattern of acquired resistance to osimertinib and the survival status, and to compare the salvage treatment results among subgroups.Results:The median follow-up time of 61 patients receiving salvage therapy was 11 months (4-32 months), among which 58 (95.1%) patients again had resistance to osimertinib, and 24 (39.3%) patients died of lung cancer. The median progression-free survival (PFS) time and overall survival (OS) time for the whole cohort was 2.5 months (95% CI 2.1-3.0 months) and 19.0 months (95% CI 13.7-26.3 months), respectively. The 1-year and 2-year OS rate was 72.1% and 41.7%, respectively. Among 61 patients receiving salvage therapy, 8 (13.1%) , 30 (49.2%) and 23 (37.7%) cases had dramatic progression, gradual progression and local progression, respectively; when given timely and proper salvage treatment, there were no statistically differences in PFS and OS of the patients in the above three subgroups (all P>0.05). There were no statistically differences in PFS and OS between patients receiving local therapy (24 cases) and patients not receiving local therapy (37 cases) after the progression occurred (all P>0.05). Among 58 patients with resistance to osimertinib again after the salvage therapy, 6 patients with gradual or local progression had more than 6-mouth PFS after the salvage therapy. Conclusions:Dramatic, gradual and local progression are the main patterns in patients with acquired resistance to osimertinib. The therapeutic efficacy of salvage therapy still shows some disappointing results.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To intestigate the clinical efficacy between modified Overlap anastomosis and traditional auxiliary incision anastomosis in laparoscopic total gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 115 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected. There were 62 males and 53 females, aged from 27 to 83 years, with a median age of 62 years. Of 115 patients, 51 patients undergoing totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy with modified Overlap anastomosis using linear stapler were divided into modified Overlap group and 64 patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy with traditional auxiliary incision anastomosis using circular stapler were divided into traditional assisted group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) anastomotic complications; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination or telephone interview was conducted to detected tumor recurrence and survival of patients up to December 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ranked data was analyzed using the rank sum test. Results:(1) Surgical situations: the operation time, time of esophagojejunostomy, volume of intraoperative blood loss, the number of lymph node dissected, length of proximal incisional margin and length of auxiliary incision of the modified Overlap group were (234.0±11.0)minutes, (29.4±2.1)minutes, (53±14)mL, 42±13, (2.0±0.3)cm and (5.1±0.4)cm, respectively. The above indicators of the traditional assisted group were (231.0±11.0)minutes, (29.2±2.2)minutes, (50±13)mL, 40±10, (2.2±0.4)cm and (8.2±0.4)cm, respectively. There was significant difference in the length of auxiliary incision between the two groups ( t=-43.098, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the operation time, time of esophagojejunostomy, volume of intraoperative blood loss, the number of lymph node dissected, length of proximal incisional margin between the two groups ( t=1.168, 0.460, 0.990, 1.127, -1.926, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative situations: cases with mild, moderate, severe pain (postoperative pain degree), time to first flatus, time to initial fluid diet intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the modified Overlap group were 40, 9, 2, (2.9±1.0)days, (4.8±2.2)days, (11.7±2.8)days, respectively. The above indicators of the traditional assisted group were 31, 27, 6, (3.9±1.4)days, (6.5±2.5)days, (13.0±3.1)days, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-3.217, t= -4.344, -3.888, -2.261, P<0.05). (3) Anastomotic complications: cases with anastomotic leakage, cases with anastomotic bleeding, cases with anastomotic stenosis of the modified Overlap group were 1, 1, 0, respectively. The above indicators of the traditional assisted group were all 1. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). Cases with anastomotic leakage were cured after the treatment of enteral nutritional support through nasogastric catheterization, which were confirmed by gastroenterography. Cases with anastomotic bleeding were improved by active hemostatic therapy. Cases with anastomotic stenosis were improved after the symptomatic treatment of anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling. (4) Follow-up: 109 of the 115 patients were followed up. Forty-eight of 51 patients in the modified Overlap group were followed up for 15.0-45.0 months, with a median follow-up time of 33.5 months. Sixty-one of 64 patients in the traditional assisted group were followed up for 16.0-46.0 months, with a median follow-up time of 27.0 months. There was no tumor recurrence in the modified Overlap group. One patient in the traditional assisted group had tumor recurrence with liver metastasis and survived with tumor. There was no significant difference in tumor recurrence rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no patient died during the follow-up. Conclusion:Compared with traditional auxiliary incision anastomosis, patients undergoing total laparoscopic total gastrectomy with modified Overlap anastomosis have small incision, good postoperative recovery.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the interfering factors in the determination of creatinine(Cr) using the American Clinical Laboratory Standards Association (CLSI) EP7-A3 document.Methods:According to the CLSI EP7-A3 document, fresh serum (no hemolysis, lipemia, and jaundice) was used on the day of the experiment and confirmed the interfering substances through the pairing difference experiment and the point-to-point analysis method was used in the dose effect experiment to clarify the difference of interfering substances.Results:Triglyceride (16.94 mmol/L), dobutamine hydrochloride (4.01 μmol/L), ascorbic acid (298 μmol/L) did not interfere with the determination of Cr. Free bilirubin (684 μmol/L), conjugated bilirubin (684 μmol/L), calcium hydroxybenzene sulfonate (144 μmol/L) and hemoglobin (10 g/L) were used as the maximum concentrations of interferences for the dose effect test, the results showed that the above interferences had negative interference on the determination of Cr.Conclusion:According to EP7-A3, it is valuable to evaluate the interference factors of creatinine determination.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745182

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1)gene copy number variation was associated with susceptibility and clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods The study enrolled 304 SLE patients and 391 healthy controls.They were used to investigate the association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and SLE susceptibility.Then,304 SLE patients were divided into copy number=2 group and copy number>2 group to study the association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and disease activity or clinical characteristics of SLE.AccuCopyTM Kit was used to detect the TRAP1 gene copy number.Data analyses were performed by SPSS 10.01 software.The suitable method was selected among t test,rank sum test and x2 test for analysis based on the data type and distribution,univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to investigate the associ-ation between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and susceptibility and clinical characteristics of SLE.Results The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene showed an association with the susceptibility to SLE crude OR=5.257,95%CI (1.108,24.937),P=0.037;the adjusted OR=5.578,95%CI (1.172,26.556),P=0.031].There was no association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score (Z=-0.117,P=0.907).The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene had a marginal association with skin lesions in SLE [OR=0.130,95%CI (0.016,1.069),P=0.058],but it disappeared after adjusting for potential confounders [OR=0.288,95%CI (0.029,2.831),P=0.286,PBH=0.808].There was no correlation between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and arthritis,alopecia,oral ulcers,fever,hematologic disorder,lupus nephritis as well as photosensitivity in SLE [x2=0.751,OR=1.234,95%CI (0.767,1.988),P=0.386].No multiplicative interaction was found between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and age or body mass index (BMI) [age:x2=0.751,OR=1.234,95%CI (0.767,1.988),P=0.386;BMI:x2=0.282,OR=1.172,95%CI(0.652,2.109),P=0.596].Conclusions The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene may be associated with susceptibility to SLE.Increased TRAP1 gene copy number may be a risk factor for SLE.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen potential plasma protein biomarkers for the progression of cervical precancerous lesions into cervical carcinoma and analyze their functions.@*METHODS@#Plasma samples obtained from healthy control subjects, patients with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), cervical cancer (CC), and patients with CC after treatment were enriched for low-abundance proteins for liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The MS data of the samples were analyzed using Discoverer 2.2 software, and the differential proteins (peptide coverage ≥20%, unique peptides≥2) were screened by comparison of LSIL, HSIL and CC groups against the control group followed by verification using target proteomics technology. Protein function enrichment and coexpression analyses were carried out to explore the role of the differentially expressed proteins as potential biomarkers and their pathological mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, both LSIL group and HSIL group showed 9 differential proteins; 5 differentially expressed proteins were identified in CC group. The proteins ORM2 and HPR showed obvious differential expressions in LSIL and HSIL groups compared with the control group, and could serve as potential biomarkers for the progression of cervical carcinoma. The expression of F9 increased consistently with the lesion progression from LSIL to HSIL and CC, suggesting its value as a potential biomarker for the progression of cervical cancer. CFI and AFM protein levels were obviously decreased in treated patients with CC compared with the patients before treatment, indicating their predictive value for the therapeutic efficacy. Protein function enrichment analysis showed that all these differentially expressed proteins were associated with the complement system and the coagulation cascades pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified 5 new protein biomarkers (F9, CFI, AFM, HPR, and ORM2) for cervical precancerous lesions and for prognostic evaluation of CC, and combined detection of these biomarkers may help in the evaluation of the development and progression of CC and also in improving the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of cervical lesions.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carrier Proteins , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Blood , Diagnosis , Chromatography, Liquid , Complement Factor I , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Glycoproteins , Blood , Haptoglobins , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Blood , Orosomucoid , Precancerous Conditions , Blood , Diagnosis , Serum Albumin, Human , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 471-475, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707879

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum levels of peroxisome proliferater-activated receptor (PPAR)γin patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to explore the associations between serum PPARγwith disease activity of RA and RA-associated osteoporosis (OP).Methods One hundred and one cases of hospitalized patients with RA were enrolled.A total of 88 normal subjects during the same period were recruited as the control group.Levels of serum PPARγwere detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual energy X-ray absortiometry.All the clinical and laboratory indexes of RA patients were recorded in detail.T-test (or t'-test) was used for comparison of measurement data between the two groups,non-parametric test was applied for skewed distribution data.Comparison of incidence was analyzed with x2 test,correlation analysis was represented ascorrelation coefficient (r).Results Binary logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate regression analysis.Serum levels of PPARγ(3.38/4.00 ng/ml) in RA patients were higher than thosein normal subjects (2.63/1.76) ng/ml (Z=3.204,P=0.001).The positive rate of serum levels of PPARγin RA was 35.6% (36/101),while the positive rate in the controls was (2.3%,2/88,x2=32.602,P<0.01).The incidence of OP in RA was 34.7%(35/101;while the levels of serum PPARγ in RA without OP at femur area (femoral neck,total hip) and lumbar spine (L1,L1-4) were higher than that in RA with OP (P<0.05).Serum levels of PPARγ between groups with different disease activity had no significant difference (P>0.05).Serum levels of PPARγ in RA with negative RF or negative anti-CCP were higher than thosetin the RA group with positive RF or positive anti-CCP(P<0.05).Serum levels of PPARγ in RA were negatively correlated with serum RF,anti-CCP,hemoglobin (P <0.05-0.001),and positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate,platelet,BMD at sites of femur neck andWard (P<0.05-0.001).Results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that levels of serum PPARγwere protective factors in RA for OP at femurneck [OR=0.577,P=0.005,95%CI (0.394-0.846)],and total hip [OR=0.754,P=0.033,95%CI (0.581-0.978)].Condusion Serum levels of PPARγ in patients with RA are significantly increased,and negatively correlate with autoantibodies.Serum levels of PPARγare protective factors for OP in RA.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of balance deficiency and falls in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA),and to explore the effect of above factors on osteoporotic fracture (OPF).Methods A total of 386 patients with RA and 158 age,gender-matched normal subjects from Jan 2013 to Oct.2015 were recruited.Antero-posterior and lateral X-rays scanning of vertebral column (T5-L5) were conducted for each individual,and semi-quantity method was used as the standard for determining vertebral OPF.Falls in 296 RA were recorded in details.The balance ability of 263 cases were measured by Berg balance scale.Statistical analysis was performed with ttest and Chi-square text and logistic regression analysis.Results ① The prevalence of vertebral OPF in RA was 17.4%(67/386),which was 4.5 times the prevalence of the control group (6/158,3.8%) (x2=17.743,P<0.01).The occurrence rate of falls in RA was 20.3% during the last year (60/296).② Compared to RA without OPF,patients with OPF had lower Berg balance score (43±14 vs 33±15,t=4.150,P<0.01).Patients with falls also had lower Berg balance scale scorethan that in RA without falls (31± 16 vs 41±14,t=4.373,P<0.01).③ The prevalence of falls during the last year in RA with vertebral OPF was 39.2% (20/51),which was higher than that in RA without OPF (15.7%,22/140) (x2=12.036,P=0.01).The prevalence of falls during the last year in RA with Berg balance scale score <40 was 32.5%,which was higher than that in patients with Berg balance scale score≥40 (P<0.01).Incidence of Berg balance scale score <40 in patients with OPF (68.8%,33/48) was higher than that in group without OPF (29.7%,35/118) (x2=21.558,P<0.01).④ Logistic regression analysis found that age [OR=1.064,P=0.001,95%CI (1.025,1.103)] and falls [OR=2.735,P=0.021,95%CI(1.168,6.407)] were risk factors for OPF in RA patients,while Berg balance scale score [OR=0.957,P=0.016,95%CI (0.924,0.992)] was negatively correlated with spinal OPF in RA patients.Conclusion Falls and decreased balance capacity in RA are closely correlated with OPF in RA.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 240-245, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703631

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect of lateral position ventilation combined with vibration sputum drainage on the patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The patients with ARDS undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Linyi Central Hospital from January 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled, and they were divided into simple ventilation group and combined treatment group according to random number table. The patients in both groups received etiological treatment, protective ventilation strategy, sensitive antibiotics for anti-infection, and calefacient and humidifying treatment. The patients in the simple ventilation group received bilateral discontinuous alternative lateral position ventilation [pressure controlled ventilation (PCV), tidal volume (VT) ≤ 6 mL/kg, the inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO2) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) was adjusted to maintain the airway plateau pressure (Pplat) ≤ 30 cmH2O (1 cmH2O = 0.098 kPa)], and those in the combined treatment group received lateral position ventilation combined with vibration sputum drainage, twice a day, 15 minutes each time. The parameters of respiratory function and inflammation as well as excretion of sputum before and after treatment were compared between the two groups, and the complication and prognosis were recorded. Results A total of 200 patients with ARDS were included, 4 patients were excluded because of severe pneumothorax, massive hemorrhage of the digestive tract, or elevated intracranial pressure, so 196 patients were finally enrolled in the analysis. There were 98 patients in the simple ventilation group and the combined treatment group, respectively. There were no significant differences in parameters of respiratory function and inflammation as well as excretion of sputum before treatment between the two groups. After treatment, the above parameters in both groups were improved, and the effect of combined treatment was more significant. Compared with the simple ventilation group, white blood cell count (WBC), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) at 24 hours of treatment in the combined treatment group were significantly decreased [WBC (×109/L):9.1±1.6 vs. 11.8±3.6, PCT (μg/L): 14.5±2.4 vs. 22.7±3.2, CRP (mg/L): 32.2±6.3 vs. 67.2±7.2, all P < 0.01], the quantity of sputum excretion was significantly increased (mL: 49.3±12.5 vs. 36.8±11.8, P < 0.01); 72 hours after treatment, the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) in the combined treatment group was significantly increased [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 278±28 vs. 238±39, P < 0.01], and PEEP, FiO2, airway resistance (Raw) were significantly lowered [PEEP (cmH2O): 5±2 vs. 7±3, FiO2: 0.40±0.11 vs. 0.49±0.12, Raw (cmH2O): 12.8±0.7 vs. 16.2±0.8, all P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in static lung compliance (Cst) or Pplat between the two groups. Compared with the simple ventilation group, the duration of MV (days: 5.5±3.0 vs. 8.6±2.1), the length of ICU stay (days: 7.5±5.4 vs. 11.3±4.6) and the extraction time of artificial airway (days: 6.6±2.8 vs. 9.4±3.3) in the combined treatment group were significantly shortened (all P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference in the 28-day mortality rate [4.1% (4/98) vs. 3.1% (3/98)], the rate of tracheotomy [2.0% (2/98) vs. 3.1% (3/98)] or the incidence ofⅠ-Ⅱ skin pressure sore [1.0% (1/98) vs. 2.0% (2/98)] between simple ventilation group and the combined treatment group (all P > 0.05). No artificial airway disappearance, pneumothorax, grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ pressure sore was found in the two groups. Conclusions Compared with lateral position ventilation alone, the treatment of combined with vibration sputum drainage is more effective for improving the respiratory function of patients with ARDS, reducing infection action, shortening the duration of MV and the length of ICU stay, and improve the recovery, promote the rehabitation of patients.

10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 363-370, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718897

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer among women worldwide, and therefore, improved approaches for its early detection are urgently needed. As microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly recognized as critical regulators in tumorigenesis and possess excellent stability in plasma, this study focused on using miRNAs to develop a method for identifying noninvasive biomarkers. METHODS: To discover critical candidates, differential expression analysis was performed on tissue-originated miRNA profiles of 409 early breast cancer patients and 87 healthy controls from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. We selected candidates from the differentially expressed miRNAs and then evaluated every possible molecular signature formed by the candidates. The best signature was validated in independent serum samples from 113 early breast cancer patients and 47 healthy controls using reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The miRNA candidates in our method were revealed to be associated with breast cancer according to previous studies and showed potential as useful biomarkers. When validated in independent serum samples, the area under curve of the final miRNA signature (miR-21-3p, miR-21-5p, and miR-99a-5p) was 0.895. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 97.9% and 73.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The present study established a novel and effective method to identify biomarkers for early breast cancer. And the method, is also suitable for other cancer types. Furthermore, a combination of three miRNAs was identified as a prospective biomarker for breast cancer early detection.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinogenesis , Data Mining , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Genome , Humans , Methods , MicroRNAs , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 417-420, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711676

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of modified thin anterolateral thigh flaps for recon-struction of hand and foot defects. Methods Between March, 2016 and September, 2017, 17 patients were recon-structed with modified thin anterolateral thigh flap. There were 6 cases for reconstruction of hand, and 3 of them were located in the back dorsal of hand defects. There were 11 cases for reconstruction of ankle and foot, and 5 of them were located in the dorsal of foot. The size of the flap was 5 cm×3 cm-33 cm×10 cm. The traditional perforator flap was elevated just above the deep fascial plane. The debulking procedures could follow before the pedicle was cut off. The modified method was that the flap was elevated from the superficial fascia and the plane between deep and superficial fat without intraoperative debulking procedures. Results Three flaps were eventually survived after secondary ex-ploratory operation caused by the hematoma. Two flaps had partial loss, 1 of which needed secondary skin grafting, and the other flap healed with additional intention. Followed-up period was 3-18 (average, 7) months . All flaps showed relatively good contour and the patients were satisfied with clinical outcomes. Conclusion It is a safe and reliable way that perforator flap can be elevated from the superficial fascia and the plane between deep and superficial fat. It can obtain a thin flap immediately and reduce donor-site morbidity without additional defatting and time-con-suming. The flap is soft with good contour. This technique is an ideal option for covering defects composed of dorsal of the hand or foot and the head and neck regions.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 563-574, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690882

ABSTRACT

Overexpressing of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is the essential cause of multidrug resistance (MDR), which is a significant hurdle to the success of chemotherapy in many cancers. Therefore, inhibiting the activity of ABC transporters may be a logical approach to circumvent MDR. Olmutinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), which has been approved in South Korea for advanced EGFR T790M-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we found that olmutinib significantly increased the sensitivity of chemotherapy drug in ABCG2-overexpressing cells. Furthermore, olmutinib could also increase the retention of doxorubicin (DOX) and rhodamine 123 (Rho 123) in ABC transporter subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2)-overexpressing cells. In addition, olmutinib was found to stimulate ATPase activity and inhibit photolabeling of ABCG2 with [I]-iodoarylazidoprazosin (IAAP). However, olmutinib neither altered ABCG2 expression at protein and mRNA levels nor blocked EGFR, Her-2 downstream signaling of AKT and ERK. Importantly, olmutinib enhanced the efficacy of topotecan on the inhibition of S1-MI-80 cell xenograft growth. All the results suggest that olmutinib reverses ABCG2-mediated MDR by binding to ATP bind site of ABCG2 and increasing intracellular chemotherapeutic drug accumulation. Our findings encouraged to further clinical investigation on combination therapy of olmutinib with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs in ABCG2-overexpressing cancer patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620924

ABSTRACT

Prior to the formation of new metastases,a large number of cancer cells released from the primary tumor enter the dormancy period.Once the dorruancy is broken,tumor cells will recover the capability of proliferation.In recent years,various hypotheses and mechanisms of tumor metastasis have been studied.Primary tumor resection is considered to be an important factor to break tumor dormancy state.It is recognized as an important reason to promote tumor metastasis.The improvement of surgical technique and further study on the mechanism of dormancy may provide new ideas for the treatment of metastatic tumor.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 342-347, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614411

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the function and relation of cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) between depression,anxiety and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods One hundred and twenty-one patients with RA were investigated.All of them were assessed by Hamihon Depression Rating Scale and Hamihon Anxiety Rating Scale.Results ① The rate of depression in RA patients was 44.6%,and the rate of anxiety was 32.2%,the rate of depression combined anxiety in RA patients was 30.6%.② Social factors:Unemployment [14 cases (26.4%) vs8 cases (11.9%),x2=4.14] and education [41 cases (83.7%) vs 37 cases (58.7%),x2=8.11]was significantly different between depression and non-depression patients (P<0.05).Age,unemployment and education was significantly different between anxiety patients and non-anxiety patients (P<0.05).③ Clinical factors:tender joint count,swollen joint count,disease activity score (DAS)28,health assessment questionnaire (HAQ),VAS,function of joint and C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly different between depression patients and non-depression patients [6(2,21) vs 1(0,14);4(1,11) vs 2(0,8);24.0(2.5,36.25) vs 2.5(0,19.5);5(3,9) vs 4(0,7);89.8% vs 9.7%;37.63(13.25,70.75) vs 11.29(2.05,36.78)] (P<0.05).And anxiety patients and non-anxiety patients had the same results [6(3,25) vs 2(0,14);6(1.5,12) vs 2(0,7.25);25(5,36) vs 3(0,25);8(5,10) vs 5(1.75,7);91.4% vs 64.5%;33.4(11.0,63.0) vs 16.8(2.5,54.3)](P<0.05).④ Cytokine:IL-6 was significantly different between depression patients and non-depression patients (P<0.05).JAK-2,JAK-3,Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3,matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP)-3,MMP-13 were not different between depression patients and non-depression patients (P>0.05).IL-6,JAK-2,JAK-3,STAT-3,MMP-3,MMP-13 were not different between anxiety patients and non-anxiety patients (P>0.05).⑤ Correlation analysis:Education level was negatively related with the severity of depression (r=0.288,P<0.05).Tender joint count,swollen joint count,DAS28,HAQ,VAS,function of joint,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),CRP,IL-6 was positively related with the severity of depression (r=0.348,0.268,0.481,0.318,0.381,0.417,0.397,0.311,0.249;P<0.05).Education level was negatively related with the severity of anxiety.Tender joint count,swollen joint count (r=-0.244,P<0.05),DAS28,HAQ,VAS,function of joint,ESR,CRP was positively related with the severity of depression (r=0.282,0.261,0.381,0.284,0.284,0.299,0.263,0.178;all P<0.05).⑥ Risk factors:IL-6 was the only risk factor in RA patients with depression.Conclusion The rate of depression and anxiety in RA is 44.6%.Depression and anxiety is related with disease activity,pain and HAQ.IL-6 is a high risk factor that makes patients prone to develop depression in RA patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 156-161, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514190

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and compare the clinical and laboratory features between patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA).Methods One hundred and forty-one patients with AS and 73 cases with nr-axSpA were recruited.Clinical and laboratory indexes of individuals were recorded in detail,Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) crp were calculated.Spondyloarthritis research consortium of Canada (SPARCC) score standard was used to evaluate the degree of bone marrow edema in sacr-oiliac joint under magnetic resonance imaging scanning.T test,rank test and x2 test were used for statistical analysis.Results The average age of patients with AS was obviously higher than that of patients with nr-axSpA (t=4.962,P<0.01).Patients with AS were more often male,and those with nr-axSpA were more often female (82.0% of the AS patients were men and 49.3% of the nr-axSpA patients were men (x2=24.079,P<0.01).Disease duration of AS was significantly longer than that of the nr-axSpA (Z=6.396,P<0.01).The incidence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 positive in AS was 89.4%,which was similar to that in patients with nr-axSpA (84.9%) (x2=0.884,P>0.05).21.6% (21 cases) of patients with AS had peripheral swollen joints,which was higher than that in nr-axSpA (2.2%,x2=8.861,P=0.003).Forty cases in AS had tender joints (41.2%),only 6 patients in nr-axSpA had tender joints (13.3%,x2=11.458,P<0.01).Serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with AS were clearly higher than those in nr-axSpA (P<0.01) patients.In AS,the patient global assessment (PGA),BASDAI and ASDAScrp value was significantly higher than that in nr-axSpA (P<0.01).There were no differences in SPARCC score or incidence of bone marrow edema in sacroiliac joint in magnetic resonance imaging scanning between AS and nr-axSpA (P>0.05).Percentage of patients with occipit-to-wall distance higher than 0 cm in AS was higher than that in nr-axSpA,and the mean distance of fingers to ground in AS was also higher than that in nr-axSpA (x2=19.844,P<0.01;Z=5.724,P<0.01).Chest expansion degree and Schboer's test in AS was much lower than that in nr-axSpA,respectively (Z=3.083,P=0.002;Z=5.103,P<0.01).BASFI in AS was higher than that in nr-axSpA (Z=5.840,P<0.01).The ratio of joint function in AS was obviously worse than that in nr-axSpA (x2=1 1.369,P=0.01).Conclusion Compared to patients with nr-axSpA,AS patients are male predominant,and have severer inflammation in clinical and laboratory findings and are worse in functional status.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505420

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia and vitamin D deficiency on osteoporosis (OP) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods Six hundred and forty-eight patients with RA were enrolled into the study,while 158 normal subjects were recruited as the control group.Bone mineral density (BMD) at total hip and lumbar vertebra 2-4 were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA),limbs skeletal muscle mass was determined in 267 patients with RA and 156 normal subjects by bioelectrical impedance method.Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were determined by electrochemiluminescence in 234 RA patients and 68 normal subjects.Clinical and laboratory features,daily dosage and duration of glucocorticoid (GC) were recorded.Numerical data and categorical data comparisons were analyzed using t test,x2 test,linear correlation analysis,single factor analysis of variance test and Logistic regression analysis test.Results ① Incidence of OP in RA (37.8%,245/648) was significantly higher than that in the controls (13.9%,22/158)(x2=32.712,P<0.01).Incidence of sarcopenia was evidently higher in RA,compared with normal subjects [55.8%(149/267),9.0%(14/156),x2=91.176,P<0.01].Percentage of sarcopenia was higher in RA with OP compared with RA without OP group [76.6%(49/64),39.3%(35/89),x2=20.848,P<0.01].②Compared to control group,serum 25 (OH)D levels were significantly lower in RA group [(13.4±9.7) ng/ml,(22.4±6.3) ng/ml,t=9.063,P<0.01].Rate of vitamin D deficiency iu RA was also higher than that in controls [80.8%(189/234),36.8%(25/68),x2=49.412,P<0.01].③The differences of serum 25 (OH)D levels among different bone metabolic state groups at lumbar vertebra in RA (normal bone mass,osteopenia,OP) were statistically significant (F=6.263,P=0.003),whichrepresented a clearly decreasing trend along with the decreasing of serum 25 (OH)D levels (P=0.001).④Linear correlation analysis found that skeletal muscle mass indexes at limbs in RA were positively correlated with BMD and serum 25 (OH)D levels (P<0.05).⑥Logistic Regression analysis revealed that sarcopenia (OR=4.373,P=0.002),age (OR=1.083,P=0.001) and duration of disease (OR=1.074,P=0.029) were the risk factors for occurrence of OP in patients with RA.Conclusion Sarcopenia generally exists in patients with RA,which is correlated with decreasing of serum 25 (OH)D levels,and also is the risk factor for the occurring of OP in RA.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 91-96, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256775

ABSTRACT

The aims of the present study were to estimate the affinity between 3,5-()-bis(3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzal)-4-piperidinone hydrochloride (C0818) and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and to investigate the inhibitory effects of this compound on Hsp90 ATPase activity. Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to examine the affinity between varying concentrations of C0818 and Hsp90, N-Hsp90, M-Hsp90 and C-Hsp90. Fluorescence intensities were recorded in the range of 290-510 nm at 293, 303 and 310 K, respectively. A colorimetric assay for inorganic phosphate (based on the formation of a phosphomolybdate complex and the subsequent reaction with malachite green) were used to examine the inhibitory effects of C0818 on Hsp90 ATPase activity. The equilibrium dissociation constantvalue of C0818 was found to be 23.412±0.943 μmol/L. The interaction between C0818 and Hsp90 was driven mainly by electrostatic interactions. C0818 showed the strongest affinity with C-Hsp90. These results conclusively demonstrate the inhibitory activity of C0818 on the activity of Hsp90 ATPase.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 667-672, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of balance capacity declining and sarcopenia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA),and to explore the effect of balance capacity declining and sarcopenia on spinal osteoporotic fracture (OPF)in RA. Methods A total of 963 hospitalized patients with RA and 158 age, gender-matched normal subjects from Jan. 2013 to Oct. 2015 were recruited from department of Rheumatology and Immunology, the first affiliated hospital of Anhui Medical University. Anteroposterior and lateral X-ray scanning of vertebral column(T5-L5)was conducted for every individual and semi-quantity method were used as the standard for determining vertebral OPF. Two hundred and sixty-seven RA patients and 156 control individuals were measured by bioelectrical impedance method for detecting skeletal muscle mass. Berg balance scale method was used to determine the balance capacity in RA patients. Statistical analyses were performed using statistical product and service solutions (SPSS) software (Version 17.0). Comparison of frequency among different groups was used by x2test. Ranksum test was used to compare the median of measurement data in different groups when the data were skewed in distribution. Linear correlation between two indicators was represented with correlation coefficient. Multivariate regression was analyzed by binary logistic Regression(Backward LR). Results ①The prevalence of vertebral OPF in RA was 15.1%(141/936), which was higher than that in the control group (6/158, 3.8%) ( x2=18.658, P<0.01). The incidence of sarcopenia in RA patients was 55.8%(149/267), which was significantly higher than that in control group (9.0%, 14/156) ( x2=91.176, P<0.01).②Compared to RA without spinal OPF, skeletal muscle mass of general body and every part of extremities were apparently decreased in RA with spinal OPF (P<0.05). Berg balance scale score in RA with spinal OPF (33±15) was lower than that in RA without spinal OPF (43 ±14) (t=4.150, P<0.01). ③Berg balance scale score in RA patients with sarcopenia was lower than that in RA without sarcopenia (37±14 vs 43±13, t=3.524, P=0.001) and the proportion of Berg balance scale score ≤40 in RA with sarcopenia was higher than that in RA without sarcopenia (50.8%,65/128 vs 29.9%,32/107, x2=10.477, P=0.001).Skeletal muscle mass of general body(18±4 vs 20±5,t=3.563,P<0.01)and every part of extremities in RA patients with Berg balance scale score ≤40 also were significantly reduced than that in RA group with Berg balance scale score >40(P<0.05). ④ Linear correlation analysis found that Berg balance scale score was positively correlated with skeletal muscle index (SMI)(r=0.299, P<0.01), skeletal muscle mass of general body (r=0.251, P<0.01), muscle mass of right upper limb (r=0.225, P<0.01), muscle mass of left upper limb (r=0.221,P<0.01).muscle mass of trunk(r=0.230,P<0.01),muscle mass of right lower limb(r=0.228, P<0.01), muscle mass of left lower limb (r=0.245, P<0.01) in RA. ⑤Logistic regression analysis (LR Backward) discovered that age (OR=1.075, P=0.002, 95%CI (1.028,1.124)] was the risk factor for spinal OPF in RA patients, while skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) [OR=0.649, P=0.020, 95% CI (0.451, 0.933)] and Berg balance scale score [OR=0.957, P=0.016, 95%CI (0.924, 0.992)] were protective factors for the occurrence of spinal OPF in RA. Conclusion Sarcopeniaand balance capacity declining are probably correlated with spinal OPF in RA.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507063

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the levels and significance of Krebs von den lungen-6(KL-6), pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A), SP-D and interleukin (IL)-6 in patients with connective tissue disease interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). Methods The serum KL-6, SP-A, SP-D and IL-6 in all subjects were detected and the imaging and pulmonary function were recorded t test, χ2 test, non-parametric test, ANOVA and correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results ① The levels of serum KL-6, SP-A, SP-D, IL-6 in the CTD-ILD group [551.4 (428.2, 883.5) U/ml, 938.4(435.2, 2324.7) pg/ml, 90.7 (80.7, 100.3) ng/ml and 30.4 (22.9, 41.7) pg/ml; P all<0.05] was significantly higher than that in the CTD group [192.9 (139.2, 266.2) U/ml; 458.0 (372.6, 529.0) pg/ml; 80.0 (71.2, 98.3) ng/ml; 18.6 (4.9, 31.0) pg/ml, Z=-5.383, -3.76, -2.123,-3.903, P all <0.05]; and higher than healthy controls (n=30) [183.2(141.9, 216.6) U/ml; 229.0(162.0, 248.0) pg/ml;50.8(26.1, 96.4) ng/ml;7.1(3.7, 8.7) pg/ml, Z=-5.801,-8.13, 2.272, 3.266;P all<0.05].②The levels of KL-6 in pulmonary HRCT for active ILD group was significantly higher than the non-active ILD group [998.5 (640.3, 1293.3) U/ml vs 565.0(434.0, 799.5) U/ml, Z=2.182, P=0.023], there was no statistical difference in the levels of SP-A, SP-D, IL-6 between the 2 groups. ③ Spearman correlation analysis showed that KL-6 was negatively correlated with forced vital capacity (FVC%);SP-D, IL-6 and diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO %). ④ Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that KL-6 [OR=1.017, P=0.002, 95%CI (1.006, 1.028)], SP-A [OR=1.023, P=0.009, 95%CI (1.006, 1.041)], SP-D [OR=1.175, P=0.009, 95%CI (1.075, 1.264)], IL-6[OR=1.213, P=0.001, 95%CI(1.088, 1.354)] were the risk factors for ILD. Conclusion Serum KL-6, SP-A, SP-D and IL-6 are significantly increased and correlate with CTD-ILD. KL-6 is related to the pulmonary inflammatory disease and vital capacity, while SP-D and IL-6 are related to diffusion function.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668502

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the anatomy of the right colonic vessels in the laparoscopic right hemicolectomy.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomies in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2013 to October 2016 were collected.All the patients used central approach.Patients intraoperatively underwent complete mesocolic excision (CME),and vascular anatomies of the right colon were precisely distinguished through postoperatively observing video.The starting position,formation and relative spatial location of vessels were counted and analyzed,and video screenshots were used as a comments during analysis.Observation indicators:(1) superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV):occurrence rate and relative spatial location;(2) ileocolic artery and vein:occurrence rate and relative spatial location;(3) right colonic artery and vein:occurrence rate and relative spatial location of right colonic artery,occurrence rate and distribution of right colonic vein flowed into superior vein;(4) gastrocolic venous trunk:occurrence rate and composition of the branches;(5) middle colonic artery and vein:occurrence rate and relative spatial location of middle colonic artery,occurrence rate and distritution of middle colonic vein flowed into superior vein.Measurement data were represented as proportion and percentage.Results (1) SMA and SMV:all the 60 patients appeared SMA and SMV,with an occurrence rate of 100.0%(60/60).Of 60 patients,95.0%(57/60) and 5.0%(3/60) patients' SMAs respectively were located on the left side and right side of SMVs.(2) Ileocolic artery and vein:of 60 patients,the occurrence rates of ileocolic artery and vein were 96.7% (58/60) and 100.0% (60/60).Relative spatial location:of 58 patients with ileocolic artery,8.6% (5/58),31.0% (18/58),10.3% (6/58),6.9%(4/58),32.9%(19/58) and 10.3%(6/58) patients' ileocolic arteries were respectively located on the right ahead,anterosuperior,inferoanterior,right behind,upper posterior and lower posterior of ileocolic veins;50.0%(29/58) patients' ileocolic arteries crossed from the front of SMV,and 50.0% (29/58) patients' ileocolic arteries ran behind the SMV.(3) Right colonic artery and vein:① Right colonic artery:of 60 patients,occurrence rate was 55.0%(33/60),including 93.9%(31/33) with 1 right colonic artery and 6.1%(2/33) with 2 right colonic arteries.A trunk made of right colonic artery and middle colonic artery was detected in 24.2% (8/33) patients,and flowed into SMA,including 2/8 patients with 2 right colonic arteries and 6/8 with 1 right colonic artery.Relative spatial location:of 33 patients,90.9% (30/33) occurred right colonic artery crossed from the front of SMV;9.1% (3/33) occurred SMA located on the right side of SMV that led to no relative spatial location between right colonic artery and SMV.② Right colonic vein:of 60 patients,occurrence rate was 93.3% (56/60),including 87.5%(49/56) with 1 right colonic vein (7 were accompanied by right colonic artery) and 12.5% (7/56) with 2 right colonic veins.Distribution of right colonic vein flowed into superior vein:of 49 patients with 1 right colonic vein,right colonic vein respectively flowed into gastrocolic venous trunk and SMV were detected in 73.5% (36/49) and 26.5% (13/49) patients.Of 7 patients with 2 right colonic veins,right colonic vein flowed into SMV and gastrocolic venous trunk were detected respectively in 6/7 patients and 1/7 patients.(4) Gastrocolic venous trunk:occurrence rate was 88.3% (53/60);11.7% (7/60) patients had absence of gastrocolic venous trunk,and right gastric epiploic vein directly flowed into SMV.Composition of the branches of gastrocolic venous trunk:of 53 patients,3-branch or 4-branch stomach-pancreas-colon venous trunk in 54.7% (29/53) patients was made up of right gastric epiploic vein,pancreaticoduodenal vein,right colonic vein and middle colonic vein;2-branch or 3-branch gastrocolic venous trunk in 35.9% (19/53) patients was made up of right gastric epiploic vein,right colonic vein and middle colonic vein;2-branch stomach-pancreas venous trunk in 9.4% (5/53) patients was made up of right gastric epiploic vein and pancreaticoduodenal vein.(5) Middle colonic artery and vein:① Middle colonic artery:60 patients appeared middle colonic artery,with an occurrence rate of 100.0% (60/60) and 1.7% (1/60) appeared 2 middle colonic arteries.Of 60 patients,13.3% (8/60) patients' middle colonic artery shared the same trunk together with right colonic artery that flowed into 1 middle colonic artery,and 85.0%(51/60) appeared 1 middle colonic artery.Middle colonic artery ≤ 1 cm,from 1 to 2 cm (excluding 1 cm) and >2 cm occurred branch at running out of neck of pancreas were detected in 15.7% (8/51),66.7% (34/51) and 66.7% (34/51)patients,respectively.② Middle colonic vein:56 of 60 patients appeared middle colonic vein,with an occurrence rate of 93.3%(56/60),and 80.3%(45/56),16.1%(9/56) and 3.6%(2/56) patients appeared respectively 1,2 and 3 middle colonic veins.Distribution of middle colonic vein flowed into superior vein:45 patients appeared 1 middle colonic vein,55.6% (25/45) and 44.4% (20/45) middle colonic veins respectively flowed into SMV and gastrocolic venous trunk;9 patients appeared 2 middle colonic veins,7/9 middle colonic veins flowed into SMV and gastrocolic venous trunk and 2/9 middle colonic veins flowed into SMV;2 patients appeared 3 middle colonic veins,1 and 2 middle colonic veins respectively flowed into gastrocolic venous trunk and SMV.Conclusion Vascular anatomical variations of the right colon are complex in the laparoscopic right hemicolectomy,and anatomies of the surgical thunk and Helen trunk are difficult and core issue in operation.

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