Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 36
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of entecavir and tenofovir in the treatment of patients with HBV E antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB).Methods:A total of 158 CHB patients admitted in Chengde Central Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were divided into entecavir (ETV) group and tenofovir (TDF) group by random digital table method, with 79 cases in each group.The HBeAg conversion rate, HBV DNA negative conversion rate and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) recurrence rate in two groups at 6 months and 12 months after treatment were compared, and the incidence of adverse reactions was recorded.Results:After 6 and 12 months of treatment, the negative rates of HBV DNA in TDF group(59.49%, 72.15%) were significantly higher than those in ETV group(44.30%, 55.70%), and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (χ 2=4.232, 6.334, all P<0.05). The differences of ALT recurrence rate and HBeAg conversion rate between the two groups were not statistically significant (χ 2=0.328, 0.037, χ 2=0.767, 0.694, all P>0.05). The total effective rates in the two groups were 75.94% and 59.49%, respectively.The incidence of adverse reactions in TDF group was 7.59% (6/79), which in ETV group was 11.39% (9/79), the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (χ 2=0.558, P>0.05). Conclusion:TDF is superior to ETV in inhibiting HBV replication and is similar in security.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1464-1466, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815878

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine sleep characteristics of preschool children who were born preterm, which could provide a reference for the future intervention in the risk population.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted from March 2017 to November 2018 in hospitals in cities of Guangzhou, Zhongshan, and Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China, we recruited 202 preschool children aged 4-6 years, including 40 early-and moderate preterm (gestational age <34 weeks), 56 late preterm (34-36 weeks) , and 106 full-term preschool children (≥37 weeks). Caregivers reported children’s sleep time and habits using Chinese version of Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ).@*Results@#Compared to the full-term group, the very-or-moderate-preterm group had shorter nighttime sleep duration (9.07±0.75 vs 9.33±0.59 h; adjusted β=-0.33), shorter total sleep duration (10.39±0.86 vs 11.05±1.32 h; adjusted β=-0.70), higher sleep duration score of CSHQ (4.60 ± 1.57 vs 3.97 ± 1.25 points; adjusted β=0.58), and higher sleepdisordered breathing score of CHSQ (3.78±1.27 vs 3.41±0.71 points; adjusted β=0.49). The late preterm group had lower parasomnias score of CSHQ (8.40±1.65 vs 8.75±1.72 points; adjusted β=-0.57), than the full-term group(P<0.05). When gestational age was analyzed as a continuous variable, it was positively associated with the total sleep duration (adjusted β= 0.06), while was inversely associated with sleep-disordered breathing scores of CSHQ (adjusted β=-0.06).@*Conclusion@#Very-or-moderate preterm children have shorter sleep duration and more sleep disordered breathing problems than full-term children, and have more disorders of sleeping duration and sleeping breathing than full-term children, while the late preterm children have less sleeping disorders than full-term children. The children of lower gestational age can have shorter sleep duration and more sleep-disordered breathing which should be addressed in future intervention.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708466

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the safety and efficacy of magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) in treatment of biliary anastomotic stricture after orthotopic liver transplantation (LT).Methods Five patients who were treated unsuccessfully by ERCP were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from 2012 January to 2018 May to undergo MCA.The treatment results were analyzed retrospectively.Results In four patients,the treatment was successful while in one patient it failed.For the four successful patients,the biliary stricture length was 2~4 mm.Re-canalization was achieved within 7~12 days and these patients were discharged home without any adverse events.Multiple plastic stents (in 2 patients) or full-covered self-expansion mental stents (in 2 patients) were inserted into the new fistulae after re-canalization.In two patients whose stents were removed,there was no recurrence of biliary strictures after follow-up for 64 months and 59 months,respectively.Conclusion The MCA technique is a revolutionary and effective method of performing interventional choledochocholedochostomy in patients with biliary anastomotic stricture after LT for whom the conventional endoscopic procedures were not successful.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 236-242, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809888

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility of long-term function of implant-supported full-arch immediate prosthesis via assessing the complications and risk factors.@*Methods@#This historical cohort study included patients treated with implant-supported full-arch restoration under immediate loading protocol between April, 2008 to June, 2016 and wearing the immediate prosthesis for more than 6 months. Medical charts were reviewed for patients' general information, implant information, prosthetic information and details of prosthetic complications. COX proportional hazards ratio model was adopted to analyze the potential risk factors for prosthesis fracture.@*Results@#A total of 114 patients with a mean age of (56.7±10.2) years old and 144 prostheses were included. The median wearing time of immediate prosthesis was 17.6 months. Sixty-two (54%) patients experienced prosthetic complication, 30 of them suffered more than once. Artificial teeth fractures were more common in anterior region while resin base fractured more often in the posterior region. The possibility of immediate prosthesis fracture in the first year was high but declined over the following years. COX regression analysis showed that fibre-reinforcement (HR=0.486, P=0.017) and rigid opposing dentition (HR=2.272, P=0.016) were significantly related to the prosthesis fracture.@*Conclusions@#Long-term function of implant-supported full-arch immediate prosthesis renders a high prosthetic complication prevalence, featuring the prosthesis fracture as the most common complication and the first year of highest fracture probability. Fibre-reinforced acrylic immediate prosthesis may function well in cases with a removable denture restored opposing jaw.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662892

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different preservation methods on the isolated liver injury and regeneration.Methods Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to two groups:static cold storage (SCS) and hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) (n =6 each).Histidinetryptophan-ketoglutarate solution (HTK) was used as preservation solution.The graft was preserved in HTK (4 C) for 6 h in SCS group,and that was perfused using HTK in HMP group.Liver tissue was obtained and fixed in 10% neutral formalin for immunohistochemistry.The fresh liver tissue was collected and stored in-80℃ for RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses.Results Compared to SCS,HMP improved liver regeneration ability in terms of PCNA and ki67 detection and promoted cell proliferation in PCR levels (Cdc25A,cdk1,cdk6) and Western blotting levels (Cyelin D1,Cyclin E1).Conclusion HMP is superior to SCS in liver regeneration,and expected to be the ideal method for preservation of donor liver.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660962

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different preservation methods on the isolated liver injury and regeneration.Methods Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to two groups:static cold storage (SCS) and hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) (n =6 each).Histidinetryptophan-ketoglutarate solution (HTK) was used as preservation solution.The graft was preserved in HTK (4 C) for 6 h in SCS group,and that was perfused using HTK in HMP group.Liver tissue was obtained and fixed in 10% neutral formalin for immunohistochemistry.The fresh liver tissue was collected and stored in-80℃ for RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses.Results Compared to SCS,HMP improved liver regeneration ability in terms of PCNA and ki67 detection and promoted cell proliferation in PCR levels (Cdc25A,cdk1,cdk6) and Western blotting levels (Cyelin D1,Cyclin E1).Conclusion HMP is superior to SCS in liver regeneration,and expected to be the ideal method for preservation of donor liver.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493172

ABSTRACT

Under active exploration and practice of several generations of organ transpant workers,organ transplantation in China has developed rapidly since 2000 and achieved remarkble results.Techniques of transplantation become mature,and liver transplantation and renal transplantation have reached international advanced level,which benefit massive patients.With high attention and promotion of national government and health administrative departments,structural changes have occurred to source of national organ transplantation to form a China Model.The donation after citizen's death has become the new normal in the organ transplantation in China.Human organ donation work promots the rapid development of transplantation in China,but it also faces challenges of the donor organ shortage and quality improvement.Under the new situation,health,family planning and medical reform work of the national13th Five Year Plan puts forward new requirements on human organ donation and transplantation.Combined with practical work,this article gives a few opinions on how to scientifically further improve the quality and quantity of organ donation and transplantation and directions of future works.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357838

ABSTRACT

Coprecipitation method was used to prepare triiron tetroxide magnetic nanoparticles enclosed in L-DOPA, and then EDC was used to activate the carboxyl group of L-DOPA after the nanoparticles were synthesized. The carboxyl group of L-DOPA formed amide bond with specific amino on the aptamer by dehydration condensation reaction. The surfaces of magnetic nanoparticles were modified with aptamer and L-DOPA. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nanoparticle size analysis (SEM), magnetic measurement (VSM) and other testing methods were used to detect the magnetic nanoparticles in different stages. The endothelial progeni-tor cells (EPCs) were cocultured with the surface modified magnetic nanoparticles to evaluate cell compatibility and the combination effect of nanoparticles on EPCs in a short period of time. Directional guide of the surface-modified magnetic nanoparticles to endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) was evaluated under an applied magnetic field and simulated dynamic blood flow condition. The results showed that the prepared magnetic nanoparticles had good magnetic response, good cell compatibility within a certain range of the nanoparticle concentrations. The surface modified nanoparticles could combine with EPCs effectively in a short time, and those nanoparticles combined EPCs can be directionally guided on to a stent surface under the magnetic field in the dynamic flow environment.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Progenitor Cells , Cell Biology , Ferrosoferric Oxide , Chemistry , Humans , Levodopa , Chemistry , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , X-Ray Diffraction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341537

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the outcomes after combined organ radical resection for the recurrent gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Complete clinicopathological data of 48 recurrent gastric cancer patients who received radical resection before and underwent reoperation again in the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital and The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2008 to December 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Of 48 patients, 32 received combined organ radical resection(radical group) and 16 received combined organ palliative gastric stump resection (palliative group).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the radical group, one case(3.1%,1/32) died 5 days after operation due to hepatorenal syndrome and 9 had postoperative complications (28.1%,9/32), including external intestinal fistula, pancreatic fistula, biliary fistula and anastomotic bleeding. In the palliative group, only one patient(6.2%, 1/16) had postoperative pneumonia and partial intestinal obstruction, with lower complication morbidity as compared to the radical group(P<0.05). The median survival time was significantly longer in the radical group(36.0 vs. 11.5 months, P<0.01). The 1- and 3-year survival rates were 93.1%, 72.4% in the radical group, and 31.3%, 18.8% in palliative group, whose differences were statistically significant. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that clinical stage (HR:3.106, 95% CI:1.357-6.321, P=0.008), peritoneal metastasis (HR:10.167, 95% CI:3.230-35.234, P=0.000) and radical cure situation(HR:3.256, 95% CI:1.267-9.389, P=0.009) were independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combined organ radical resection can provide better survival for recurrent gastric cancer patients, while the indications should be controlled strictly with preoperative multidisciplinary assessment and precise surgical judgment in order to decrease the complication.</p>


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Gastric Stump , General Surgery , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Survival Rate
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 172-184, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242303

ABSTRACT

Current therapies of organ failure or a wide range of tissue defect are often not ideal. Transplantation is the only effective way for long time survival. But it is hard to meet huge patients demands because of donor shortage, immune rejection and other problems. Tissue engineering could be a potential option. Choosing a suitable scaffold material is an essential part of it. According to different sources, tissue engineering scaffold materials could be divided into three types which are natural and its modified materials, artificial and composite ones. The purpose of tissue engineering scaffold is to repair the tissues or organs damage, so could reach the ideal recovery in its function and structure aspect. Therefore, tissue engineering scaffold should even be as close as much to the original tissue or organs in function and structure. We call it "organic scaffold" and this strategy might be the drastic perfect substitute for the tissues or organs in concern. Optimized organization with each kind scaffold materials could make up for biomimetic structure and function of the tissue or organs. Scaffold material surface modification, optimized preparation procedure and cytosine sustained-release microsphere addition should be considered together. This strategy is expected to open new perspectives for tissue engineering. Multidisciplinary approach including material science, molecular biology, and engineering might find the most ideal tissue engineering scaffold. Using the strategy of drawing on each other strength and optimized organization with each kind scaffold material to prepare a multifunctional biomimetic tissue engineering scaffold might be a good method for choosing tissue engineering scaffold materials. Our research group had differentiated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells into bile canaliculi like cells. We prepared poly(L-lactic acid)/poly(ε-caprolactone) biliary stent. The scaffold's internal played a part in the long-term release of cytokines which mixed with sustained-release nano-microsphere containing growth factors. What's more, the stent internal surface coated with glue/collagen matrix mixing layer containing bFGF and EGF so could supplying the early release of the two cytokines. Finally, combining the poly(L-lactic acid)/poly(ε-caprolactone) biliary stent with the induced cells was the last step for preparing tissue-engineered bile duct. This literature reviewed a variety of the existing tissue engineering scaffold materials and briefly introduced the impact factors on the characteristics of tissue engineering scaffold materials such as preparation procedure, surface modification of scaffold, and so on. We explored the choosing strategy of desired tissue engineering scaffold materials.


Subject(s)
Glucosides , Chemistry , Humans , Stents , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496891

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of chylous leakage after pancreatioduodenectomy so as to find effective measures to prevent this complication.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 230 patients who underwent pancreatioduodenectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University from Jun.2012 to Jun.2014.Patients with chylous leakage were identified and a 1 ∶ 2 patients in the study and the control groups were selected.The parameters for matching included tumor volume,vascular invasion,and extent of lymph node dissection.A logistic analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors of chylous leakage.Results 15 (6.5%) patients developed chylous leakage after pancreatioduodenectomy.The average hospital stay after surgery of the study group was 20.8 days,compared to 13.5 days in the control-group (P =0.004).In the study group,chylous leakage rate increased in patients with 14th and 16th group of lymph nodes dissection (80% vs 36.7%,P =0.006).Logistic analysis showed that 14th and 16th lymph nodes dissection was an independent risk factor of chylous leakage after pancreatioduodenectomy (P < 0.05,OR =6.909,95% CI 1.593 ~ 29.958).Conclusions Chylous leakage prolonged hospitalization after pancreatioduodenectomy.Dissection of the 14th and 16th lymph node groups was an independent risk factor of chylous leakage after pancreatioduodenectomy.Careful ligation of the gastrocolic vein near the lymphatic trunk and dissection of 14th and 16th group of lymph nodes were effective interventions to reduce postoperative chylous leakage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497562

ABSTRACT

Central poststroke pain (CPSP) is a neuropathic pain syndrome that can occur after stroke.This syndrome is characterized by pain and sensory abnormalities in the body parts that correspond to the stroke lesion.CPSP occurs ia 1%-12% of stroke patients.A definite diagnosis of CPSP is difficult,mainly because of the variable clinical picture,the frequent concurrence of several pain types,and the lack of clear diagnostic criteria for CPSP.Management of the CPSP is challenging.This article reviews the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of CPSP.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 460-462, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480694

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestations,diagnosed main points,laparoscopic trestment strategy of ectopic appendicitis.Methods The 19 clinical data of ectopic appendicitis,from April 2011 to April 2015 in our hosipital,were retrospective analysised,and we sum up the clinical manifestation,diagnosis and treatment,laparoscopic exploration indications and the technique of laparoscopic appendectomy.Laparoscopy exploration and laparoscopic appendectomy were made on all patients under general anesthesia by tracheal cannula.Results Of 19 patients,16 cases by ultrasonic examination get correct diagnosis before operation,of which the ultrasound diagnosis rate is 92.63%,3 limitations of acute peritonitis patients were preoperative misdiagno~s,they were the right kidney stones,acute cholecystitis and the right side of the annex inflammation;there were 2 patients converted to open operation,and the transfer rate is 10.53%.The blood loss of the operation is about 5-20 mL.They were ambulant after 9 hours,in full flow diet after 12 hours,and the average hospitalization time is 4 days.One patient,no other long-term complications were found postoperatively follow-up of 12 to 18 months,were poke holes in infection,and the complications of laparoscopic surgery is 5.27%.Conclusions Ectopic acute appendicitis has no specific clinical manifestation,and is easy to misdiagnosis.In the auxiliary examination,ultrasound is the first choice for the diagnosis of ectopic appendictis.Laparoscopy exploration and laparoscopic appendectomy are the ideal treatments of emergency treatment of ectopic appendicitis,and are worth of clinic application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence of the implant-supported porcelain bridges made from non-precious metals using spark erosion techniques, and to discuss the feasibility and details of making the implant restoration by spark erosion technique.Methods: The study included 12 patients ( 9 males and 3 females) with 92 units implant-supported non-precious porcelain bridge from Sep.2011 to Feb. 2013.All the patients received implant treatment in Department of Oral Implantology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology.The total of 52 implants, were from Nobel Biocare implant system, Camlog implant system and Ankylos implant system.The implant analogs were connected in sequence with a copper wire to guarantee conductivity.The implant electrodes represented one electrode and the superstructure the other.During spark-erosion machining, the cast holding the implant electrodes and the prosthetic framework were moved toward one another, causing an electrical erosion of the protruding ele-ments.Results:After the spark-erosion machining, the minimum gap between the framework and abut-ment was 0.21 mm, which was two units bridge.The maximum was 2.59 mm, which was 11 units bridge with 6 implants.The average gap was 0.68 mm.After the spark-erosion machining, the bridge fitted well with the passive position stability.Conclusion: The method of making implant-supported non-precious porcelain bridge reduces costs on patients.Spark erosion has the potential to provide implant framework with an excellent fit.The patients are satisfied with the clinical results.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333676

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the protocols for isolation, in vitro culture, identification and induction of hepatic differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat BMSCs were separated and purified by differential adherent culture for 1.5 h with the first medium change at 12 h. The surface markers of BMSCs were detected by flow cytometry. The cells were induced to differentiate into adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenesis lineages. A 3-step protocol including sequential addition of growth factors, cytokines and hormones was used to induce the BMSCs to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cells isolated using this protocol were positive for CD29, CD44, and CD90 and negative for CD29 and CD45. The adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation of the BMSCs were verified by Oil red, Alizarin red, and toluidine blue staining. The BMSCs induced with the 3-step protocol differentiated into hepatic-like cells that expressed hepatocyte-specific proteins (ALB and AFP) and genes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimized protocol allows simple and efficient isolation of highly purified populations of BMSCs, which can be induced into hepatic lineages in specific microenvironment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Flow Cytometry , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Rats
16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 515-521, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical outcome of maxillary sinus augmentation and implant placement following removal of a maxillary antral cyst.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study 32 patients with 33 maxillary antral cysts were enrolled. The partial wall of cyst was removed through a small lateral sinus approach and cyst spontaneous shrink was expected when wall of cyst was destroyed for open drainage. Three to six months later the secondary sinus approach 1.5 mm circling the first approach for augmentation was undertaken. Dental implants were placed simultaneously or later. All patients finished prosthetic rehabilitation in the study and were followed up for (30.9 ± 11.5) months. The intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. The survival rate of the implants was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this study, 33 maxillary antral cysts of 32 patients were removed. Maxillary sinus augmentation was performed after a mean of (4.5 ± 1.5) months (range, 2-8 months). Sixty-two implants were inserted and all patients finished prosthetic rehabilitation after a mean of (10.8 ± 2.7) months (range, 5-17 months). The survival rate of implants was 95% (59/62). Three implants failed before their prosthesis delivered due to failure of osseointegration and were reinserted later. No recurrence of cyst was observed until the last recall. In this study, 24 specimens were mucosal cysts. Five specimens were mucoceles and 4 specimens were not certain in pathology.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Maxillary sinus cysts have a negative effect on maxillary sinus augumentation if not removed. The present preliminary data of the study suggests that the clinical result of maxillary sinus augmentation and implant placement following removal of a maxillary antral cyst is predictable.</p>


Subject(s)
Cysts , General Surgery , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Methods , Dental Implants , Dental Restoration Failure , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , General Surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Osseointegration , Osteogenesis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , General Surgery , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Methods , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 527-530, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294637

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the reasons for platform-switching abutment fracture, the treatment and prevention methods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2009 and December 2014, all of the fractured platform-switching abutments were evaluated. The fracture rate of platform-switching abutments was calculated and the gender, age, implant site, implant size, abutment size, prosthetic type, loading time and crown materials were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2 487 platform-switching implants were placed during this period and 6 abutments were fractured. The fracture rate was 0.24% (6/2 487). All of the 6 fractured abutments were placed in molar region. All occlusal planes were made of metal material. Five patients were male. All the fracture abutments could not be removed and the implants had to be removed and reimplanted.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Without special abutment removing instruments, it is difficult to remove the fractured platform-switching abutment. In molar region, platform-switching implant system should be carefully used. Increasing implants number and splinting crowns with porcelain occlusal planes might reduce the abutment fracture risk.</p>


Subject(s)
Crowns , Dental Abutments , Dental Implant-Abutment Design , Dental Porcelain , Dental Restoration Failure , Female , Humans , Male , Molar , Retrospective Studies
18.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 116-121, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499159

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between TIP 30 and VEGF-C expression and clini-cophathological characteristics in resected small cell lung cancer ( SCLC) patients and to identify patients with in-creased risk of cancer recurrence and to provide a theoretical basis for the further clinical prevention of SCLC . Methods Sixty eight resected SCLC patients were included in this study .Paraffin-embedded specimens of pa-tients were used for the evaluation of TIP 30 and VEGF-C expression by immunohistochemistry .Results The expression of VEGF-C had positive correlation with lymph node metastasis .TIP30 expression was positively cor-related with VEGF-C expression.Patients with low TIP30 expression had shorter Overall survival (OS)and Dis-ease-Free survival(DFS)than those with high TIP30 expression.OS and DFS of the patients with VEGF -C-positive tumors were significantly lower than that of the patients with VEGF -C negative tumors .The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that low TIP 30 and high VEGF-C expression were independent markers of poor OS(P<0.01)in operable SCLC patients.Conclusion The expression of VEGF -C shows positive correlation with lymph node metastasis .Low TIP30 and high VEGF -C expression are independent prognostic markers of poor overall survival in resected SCLC patients .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455604

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of virtual touch tissue quantification(VTQ) in diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MECa) of parotid gland.Methods The sonographic and VTQ findings of 36 patients with MECa of parotid gland proved by pathology were analyzed retrospectively.The patients were divided into 3 groups according to pathology.50 normal subjects were choesn as control group.Results There were significant differences of shear wave velocity (SWV) between MECa groups and control group as well as among MECa groups (all P <0.01).Conclusions VTQ provides quantitative information about tissue stiffness which is useful for the diagnosis of MECa of parotid gland.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:An efficient blood vessel system has a decisive effect on the survival and function expression of cells in three-dimensional tissues. Therefore it has been a hot research field in tissue engineering to find an appropriate vascularization strategy. OBJECTIVE:To summarize and discuss the theory and research progress in vascularization strategies. METHODS:Literature search was performed in PubMed database for English literatures published from 2003 to 2013. The key words are“tissue engineering, vascularization, endothelial cell, scaffold”in English. Then, the papers were further analyzed and reviewed in line with the theme. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 124 papers were searched. At last, 41 papers were selected according to the titles and objectives. Vascularization is the focus and pressing issue in tissue engineering field. There are many vascularization strategies, such as growth factor delivery, cellco-culture, dynamic-culture by bioreactor, scaffolds or decellularized scaffolds. But none of them is recognized as an effective strategy to achieve functional anastomosis with the host and sustain grafts survival for a long time in vivo. It wil be a big breakthrough in the future to co-culture pluripotent stem cells with other stem cells, combine with growth factors and optimize culture conditions for the differentiation in vivo.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL