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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913130

ABSTRACT

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary science that combines the tools of mathematics, computer science, and biology to clarify and explore the biological implications of large amounts of biological data. With the continuous development of genome sequencing technology, a large number of biological data has been generated, and mining of the biological significance contained in big data has become one of the main tasks that need to be solved urgently. This article summarizes the risk prediction models for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on feature genes, so as to provide new perspectives for early identification, prognosis, and treatment optimization of HCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the challenge scheme for establishing a stable mouse model of Artemisia annua pollen-induced allergic rhinitis. Methods:BALB/c mice were subcutaneously injected with 0.1 ml allergen extract containing 20 μg/ml Art a1 from Artemisia pollen on 1 d, 4 d and 7 d. One week after the sensitization, these mice were divided into three groups and intranasally challenged with Artemisia annua pollen allergen extract containing 500 μg/ml Art a1 for 7 (7 d group), 10 (10 d group) and 14 (14 d group) consecutive days, respectively. The first challenge was followed by another 7 days of challenge every four weeks. Blank control group was set up through sensitizing and challenging BALB/c mice with normal saline. Behavioral changes and nasal pathological changes were observed. The changes in humoral and cellular responses were also detected. After the first challenge cycle was decided, the challenge frequency was further optimized. Results:After the first challenge, the allergic symptoms of mice in 10 d group were significantly severe than those in 7 d and 14 d groups, and the levels of serum specific IgE antibody in 10 d and 14 d groups were significantly higher than that in 7 d group. After the second challenge, the mice in the three model groups still had obvious allergic symptoms as compared with the blank control group. There were obvious pathological changes in the nose, including epithelial cell proliferation, turbinate enlargement and inflammatory cell increase. Moreover, the level of serum specific IgE antibody increased significantly and the proliferation of antigen-specific IL-4 and IL-6 lymphocytes was significantly up-regulated, especially in 10 d and 14 d groups. The frequency of challenge had a great impact on the stability of the allergic model. The allergic symptoms of sensitized mice challenged every two weeks were significantly severe than those of mice challenged every four weeks and the level of serum antigen-specific antibody was also higher.Conclusions:This study optimized the first challenge cycle and challenge frequency for establishing a mouse model of Artemisia annua pollen-induced allergic rhinitis, which provided reference for the establishment of drug efficacy evaluation system for desensitization therapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885118

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a case of diabetic ketoacidosis with FOXP3 mutation identified by genetic test were collected and summarized. The follow-up results and clinical characteristics of 18 months after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were analyzed. The male patient was 3 years and 5 months old. At the age of 5 months, the patient was diagnosed as diabetic ketoacidosis due to mental malaise and vomiting, followed by severe diarrhea, repeated eczema, and nephrotic syndrome, which was confirmed as IPEX syndrome due to FOXP3 gene mutation by genetic test. In August 2018, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was carried out in the Hematology Department of our hospital. During 18 months of follow-up, the patients′ autoimmune status was ameliorated, no new autoimmune diseases appeared, the blood glucose control was significantly improved, and the insulin dosage was significantly reduced.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799072

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To probe the prognostic value of consolidation chemotherapy in non-favorable acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who were candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with first complete remission (CR1) and negative minimal residual disease (MRD-) .@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 155 patients with non-favorable AML who received allo-HSCT in CR1/MRD- from January 2010 to March 2019. The survival data were compared between patients who received and those not received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy.@*Results@#A total of 102 patients received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy (consolidation group) , and 53 cases directly proceeded to allo-HSCT when CR1/MRD- was achieved (nonconsolidation group) . The median ages were 39 (18-56) years old and 38 (19-67) years old, respectively. Five-year post-transplant overall survival [ (59.3±7.5) % vs (62.2±6.9) %, P=0.919] and relapse-free survival [ (53.0±8.9) % vs (61.6±7.0) %, P=0.936] were not significantly different between the two groups (consolidation vs nonconsolidation) . There was a weak relationship between consolidation therapy and cumulative incidence of relapse [consolidation: (21.9±5.4) % vs nonconsolidation: (18.3±6.0) %, P=0.942], as well as non-relapse mortality [consolidation: (22.4±4.3) % vs nonconsolidation: (28.4±6.5) %,P=0.464]. Multivariate analysis indicated that pre-transplant consolidation and the consolidation courses (< 2 vs ≥2 courses) did not have an impact on allo-HSCT outcomes.@*Conclusion@#Allo-HSCT for candidate patients without further consolidation when CR1/MRD- was attained was feasible.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 128-131, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799580

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy of alternative donor (AD) in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA) in children.@*Methods@#The clinical data of AA children who received AD HSCT in our center from Apr. 2010 to Dec. 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) rate, implant success rate, incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 109 children with acquired AA, including 64 severe AA (SAA) , 32 very severe AA (VSAA) and 13 transfusion dependent non-severe AA (NSAA) , were recruited in this retrospective AD HSCT study, the median age was 6 (0.8-18) years old. Of them, 44 patients with 10/10 matched unrelated donor (MUD) , 44 patients with mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) and 21 patients with mismatched related donor (MMRD) . All patients did not receive ATG before HSCT and the active infection was excluded. Except 3 patients suffered from a second graft failure (2 of them rescued by second HSCT) , 106/109 (97.2%) were engrafted with neutrophil and platelet recovery occurring at a median of 13 days (range, 9-19) and 16 days (range, 10-81) post-transplant. Until day 100 post transplantation, the incidence was 74.3% (81/109) for acute GVHD (aGVHD) and 39.4% (43/109) for grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD, 30.7% (31/101) and 9.9% (10/101) for overall chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and moderate cGVHD, respectively, and nobody developed an extend cGVHD. After median follow up of 39 (0.7-103) months for all patients, 13 of 109 patients died. The estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 88.1% (95%CI 81.1%-91.4%) with no difference among the MUD, MMUD and MMRD cohort (93.2%, 84.1% and 85.7%, respectively, P=0.361) .@*Conclusion@#These excellent outcomes suggest that unmanipulated AD PBSC is a good HSCT source for children with SAA. It’s reasonable to consider AD HSCT as first line therapy for SAA children without matched sibling donor. Better strategies are required to prevent GVHD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865737

ABSTRACT

The combination of the training for postgraduates pursuing professional degree in clinical medicine and the standardized training for residents shows many advantages as well as problems in the comprehensive quality development such as lower enthusiasm towards public affairs, insufficient self-directed learning and research capacity. Moreover, supervisors' role in the whole process and aspects of education needs to be highlighted and higher requirements on professionalism are needed. In this paper, the details of these problems as well as challenges are analyzed and specific suggestions have been provided, such as establishing a comprehensive evaluation system for postgraduates, improving guidance on students' behavior, innovating the management system and activity carrier for postgraduates, strengthening the training of research capacity, promoting "double vocation" education, reinforcing supervisors' role in leading students, focusing on professionalism cultivation and strengthening the education of medical ultimate values.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 215-218, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751384

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive. Methods One APL patient with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive who was diagnosed by using morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology and multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization in Changhai Hospital in November 2014 was retrospectively analyzed, and the patient was induced with retinoic acid and treated with DA (daunorubicin + cytarabine) regimen, followed by 4 courses of cytarabine consolidation therapy. Results Abnormal promyelocyte accounted for 0.64 by morphology. And the group of cells expressed myeloperoxidase (MPO), CD13, CD15, CD117, and CD7, CD11c, CD79a, CD123 weakly expressed or not by immunophenotype analysis; karyotype analysis showed 45, XY, t(5;17), 7p-,-16[8]/46, idem,+20[5]/45, idem,-8,+20[2]/46, XY[5]; the fusion gene screening showed that the expression level of NPM_RARα was 416.98% compared with that of APL; molecular complete remission was obtained after the consolidation therapy, but the patient relapsed after 34 months. Finally, the patient died of abnormal coagulation and respiratory failure, with overall survival of 35 months. Conclusion APL with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive is a rare type of acute leukemia, and the main treatment method is retinoic acid combined with myeloid chemotherapy regimen, which has a favorable efficacy but a poor prognosis.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 344-353, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771287

ABSTRACT

Dasatinib is a highly effective second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In 2007, a pivotal phase-2 study of dasatinib as second-line treatment was initiated in 140 Chinese CML patients. This report from the 4-year follow-up revealed that 73% of 59 patients in chronic phase (CML-CP) and 32% of 25 patients in accelerated phase (CML-AP) remained under treatment. The initial dosage of dasatinib for CML-CP and CML-AP patients were 100 mg once daily and 70 mg twice daily (total = 140 mg/ day), respectively. The cumulative major cytogenetic response (MCyR) rate among patients with CML-CP was 66.1% (versus 50.8% at 18 months), and the median time to MCyR was 12.7 weeks. All CML-CP patients who achieved MCyR after a 4-year follow-up also achieved a complete cytogenetic response. The cumulative complete hematological response (CHR) rate among patients with CML-AP was 64% (16/25), with three CML-AP patients achieving CHR between 18 months and 4 years of follow-up; the median time to CHR was 16.4 weeks. The adverse event (AE) profile of dasatinib at 4 years was similar to that at 6 and 18 months. The most frequently reported AEs (any grade) included pleural effusion, headache, and myelosuppression. These long-term follow-up data continue to support dasatinib as a second-line treatment for Chinese patients with CML.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 365-377, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771270

ABSTRACT

Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a major infectious complication in patients with hematological malignancies. In this study, we examined 4889 courses of chemotherapy in patients with hematological diseases to establish a training dataset (n = 3500) by simple random sampling to develop a weighted risk score for proven or probable IFD through multivariate regression, which included the following variables: male patients, induction chemotherapy for newly diagnosed or relapsed disease, neutropenia, neutropenia longer than 10 days, hypoalbuminemia, central-venous catheter, and history of IFD. The patients were classified into three groups, which had low (0-10, ~1.2%), intermediate (11-15, 6.4%), and high risk ( > 15, 17.5%) of IFD. In the validation set (n = 1389), the IFD incidences of the groups were ~1.4%, 5.0%, and 21.4%. In addition, we demonstrated that antifungal prophylaxis offered no benefits in low-risk patients, whereas benefits were documented in intermediate (2.1% vs. 6.6%, P = 0.007) and high-risk patients (8.4% vs. 23.3%, P = 0.007). To make the risk score applicable for clinical settings, a pre-chemo risk score that deleted all unpredictable factors before chemotherapy was established, and it confirmed that anti-fungal prophylaxis was beneficial in patients with intermediate and high risk of IFD. In conclusion, an objective, weighted risk score for IFD was developed, and it may be useful in guiding antifungal prophylaxis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 625-632, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the difference of efficacy between traditional Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen and the adolescents inspired chemotherapy regimen, CH ALL-01, in treatment of adult Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) .@*Methods@#In this study we retrospectively analyzed 158 Ph+ ALL patients receiving Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen (n=63) or CHALL-01 regimen (n=95) in our center and Changzheng hospital from January 2007 to December 2017, excluding patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in blast crisis. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) was administered during induction and consolidation chemotherapy. Patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation received TKI as maintenance therapy.@*Results@#Of them, 91.1% (144/158) patients achieved complete remission (CR) after 1-2 courses of induction. CR rate was 90.5% (57/63) for patients in Hyper-CVAD/MA group and 91.6% (87/95) for patients in CHALL-01 group. There was no difference in CR rates between the two groups (χ2=0.057, P=0.811) . The last follow-up was June 2018. A cohort of 134 CR patients could be used for further analysis, among them, 53 patients received Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen and other 81 patients received CHALL-01 regimen. The molecular remission rates were significantly higher in CHALL-01 group (complete molecular response: 44.4%vs 22.6%; major molecular response: 9.9% vs 18.9%) (χ2=7.216, P=0.027) . For the patients in Hyper-CVAD/MA group, the 4-year overall survival (OS) was 44.81% (95%CI: 30.80%-57.86%) and the 4-year disease free survival (DFS) was 37.95% (95%CI: 24.87%-50.93%) . For patients received CHALL-01 regimen, the 4-year OS was 55.63% (95%CI: 39.07%-69.36%) (P=0.037) and 4 year DFS was 49.06% (95%CI: 34.24%-62.29%) (P=0.015) , while there was no significant difference in 4 year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (P=0.328) or cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (CI-NRM) (P=0.138) . The rate of pulmonary infection was lower in patients received CHALL-01 regimen compared with patients received Hyper-CVAD regimen (43.4% vs 67.9%, χ2=7.908, P=0.005) .@*Conclusions@#Outcome with CHALL-01 regimen appeared better than that with the Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen in Ph+ ALL, which has lower incidence of pulmonary infection, higher molecular remission rate and better OS and DFS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 932-938, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801368

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and prognostic values of TP53 gene mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) .@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 265 newly diagnosed AML patients with next-generation sequencing (NGS) data in the Hematology Department of Changhai Hospital from January 2010 to January 2019 was performed. Mutation analysis was carried out by targeted sequencing technology including 200 hematological malignancy related genes. The association of TP53 mutation with clinical features was analyzed.@*Results@#Alterations in TP53 were found in 20 (7.5%) patients, including 17 case (6.4%) of missense mutations, 2 cases (0.7%) of frame-shift deletion mutations and 1 case (0.4%) of splicing sites mutation. A total of 23 kinds of TP53 mutations were detected, most of them (16, 69.6%) were located in the DNA binding domain of exon 5-8, 4 in the DNA binding domain of exon 3-4, 2 in exon 10 and 1 in splice site, respectively. The median age of patients with TP53 alterations was higher than those without [52 (26-72) years old vs 45 (14-75) years old, P= 0.008]. The frequency of complex karyotypes was higher in patients with TP53 alterations than those without [45.0% (9/20) vs 6.1% (15/245) , P<0.001]. Median overall survival (OS) of patients with TP53 alterations was shorter than those without[14.1 (95%CI 6.78-21.42) months vs 31.4 (95%CI 13.20-49.59) months, P=0.029]. The OS of patients treated with "Decitabine + CAG" was superior than that of patients treated with "3 + 7" regimen [30.0 (95%CI 27.35-38.84) months vs 12.5 (95%CI 5.80-19.19) months, P=0.018]. Multivariate analysis indicated that TP53, DNMT3A and USH2A alterations, WBC ≥ 12.45×109/L had negative impacts on OS.@*Conclusion@#The frequency of TP53 mutation was 7.5% in our cohort. Most mutations were located in the DNA binding domain. TP53 alterations were strongly associated with older age, complex karyotype and shorter OS. Decitabine-based induction chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may improve OS, more cases and/or multicenter randomized studies are needed for further confirmation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 990-995, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800484

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between donor chimerism and relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 105 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who underwent allo-HSCT and recurrence-free survival>90 days from January 2010 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The bone marrow samples were collected at 15, 30, 60, 90, 180, 270, 360 days after transplantation. Donor chimerism was detected by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -PCR.@*Results@#Of the 105 patients, 43 cases were male and 62 cases were female, with a median age of 38 (16-60) years. Till April 2019, the median follow-up was 843 (94-3 261) days. Ninety days after transplantation, 18 cases relapsed, 33 cases died, and 72 cases survived. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was (66.8±5.1) %, and the recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was (65.1±5.0) %. Pre-transplant disease status, pre-transplant minimal residual disease (MRD) , and 90 day post-transplantation chimerism were independent risk factors related to RFS. The risk of recurrence was significantly increased in patients with a donor chimerism rate ≤97.24% at 90 days after transplantation[HR=6.921 (95%CI 2.669-17.950) , P<0.001], which was considered as a sign of early relapse.@*Conclusion@#SNP-PCR is an applicable method for detecting donor chimerism in patients after allo-HSCT. Chimerism rate equal or less than 97.24% at 90 days after transplantation predicts a higher risk of relapse.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 744-749, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732670

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical and hematological features of myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia and abnormal PDGFRA/B and the effect of imatinib. Methods The data of three eosinophilia patients with abnormal PDGFRA/B fusion gene in Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University and 22 Chinese cases reported in Chinese medical journals were analyzed. Thirty-one cases of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome from Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University were used as the controls. Results Compared with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, no differences were found in age, percentage of bone marrow eosinophils and counts of platelets in peripheral blood in myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia and abnormal PDGFRA/B (all P >0.05), but statistical differences were found in gender (χ2=5.080, P = 0.016), peripheral blood white blood cell count (t = 4.908, P = 0.001), eosinophilic granulocyte absolute value (χ2= 17.230, P = 0.001) and hemoglobin concentration (t = 2.770, P = 0.013). The median follow-up time was 17 months (3-108 months) in 24 myeloid neoplasms patients with eosinophilia and abnormal PDGFRA/B from Chinese report. Complete hematopoietic remission (CHR) rate was 91.7 % (22/24) after the treatment of imatinib. The total complete molecular remission (CMR) rate was 75.0 % (18/24). The median time of remission was 3 months (1-8 months). CMR in patients with PDGFRA and with PDGFRB was 76.5 % (13/17) and 85.7 % (6/7), respectively. Only one patient (4.2 %) died of disease relapse. Conclusion Imatinib has a favorable effect on myeloid neoplasms with eosinophilia and abnormal PDGFRA/B featured by distinct hematologic and clinical manifestations.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511066

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expressions of NeuN and pCaMKⅡα in brain and test the spacial learning and memory in neonatal hypoxic?ischemia encephalopathy ( HIE ) model mice. Methods 7d ICR mice were randomly divided into sham group( n=19) and model group( n=23). HIE model was induced by right common carotid artery ligation followed by 8% oxygen hypoxia for 100 min. DAPI staining was used to examine brain pathological change,immunofluorescent staining was used to examine the expression of NeuN and pCaMKⅡα in the ipsilateral brain,and Morris water maze was used to test the spa?cial learning and memory. Results Mice in sham group showed that brain cells were arranged in a dense and orderly manner,the number of NeuN?positive cells and pCaMKⅡα?positive cells were (106.50±20.07), (87.17±16.55) respectively in the brain,and the escape latency was short. Compared with mice in sham group,mice in model group showed more cells loss,less NeuN?positive cells(19.17±3.60) and less pCaMKⅡα?positive cells(13.33±3.62) in the ipsilateral hemisphere,and longer escape latency(P<0.01). Conclu-sion The spacial learning and memory are impaired in hypoxia ischemia,which may be related to the de?creasing expression of pCaMKⅡα in neurons in ipsilateral brain.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612920

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sangao Decoction combined with Azithromycin in the treatment of mycoplasmal pneumonia in children.MethodsFrom August 2013 to August 2014, 76 children with mycoplasma pneumonia were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group.The control group was treated with azithromycin alone, and the observation group was given the treatment of Sanao Decoction on the basis of the control group.Comparison of the two groups of clinical efficacy, fever time, cough time, tonsil disappearance time, lung rales disappear time, length of stay and the incidence of adverse reactions.ResultsThe effective rate was 94.37% in the observation group and 76.32% in the control group, which was statistically significant (P<0.05).(2.45±0.90) d, duration of coughing (5.37±1.67) d, duration of disappearance of tonsil (6.23±2.47) d, disappearance of rales (7.18±1.58) d, duration of hospital stay (10.26±1.65) d were shorter than the control group, which was statistically significant (P<0.05).The incidence of adverse reactions was not statistically significant.ConclusionThe effect of Sangao Decoction combined with azithromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children can significantly shorten the symptoms and signs of the patients, the time of disappearance of the signs and the length of hospital stay, promote the rapid recovery of children, high safety, and have good clinical application value.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606549

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of gamma globulin combined with glucocorticoid pulse therapy in the treatment of children with refractory mycoplasma pneumonia in CRP and safety.Methods 46 cases of children with refractory mycoplasma pneumonia from February 2012 to February 2016 were selected and randomly divided into the control group and experimental group,23 cases in each group.On the basis of the regular treatment,the control group was given azithromycin,10mg/kg,qd,intravenous drip,on the basis of the control group treatment,the experimental group was treated with methylprednisolone 2mg/kg+human immunoglobulin 400mg/kg,qd,intravenous drip.The levels of serum C-reactive protein(CRP),white blood cell count(WBC),lymphocyte count(LC),therapeutic efficiency and safety were measured before and after treatment.Results After treatment,compared with the control group,the serum levels of CRP、WBC、LC were lower in the experimental group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The treatment efficiency of the experimental group(91.31%)was significantly higher than that of the control group(65.22%),the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups.Conclusion The gamma globulin combined with glucocorticoid pulse therapy can significantly reduce the serum levels of CRP,WBC and LC in children with refractory mycoplasma pneumonia,improve clinical efficacy and the safety were good.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 876-882, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809459

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the expression of CD123 in bone marrow (BM) blasts of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients to explore the relationship between CD123 expression and therapeutic response and prognosis.@*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed expression and distribution of CD123 in BM blasts in 137 cases of newly diagnosed AML (excluded M3) , CD123 detected by flow cytometry≥20% was defined as positive, including 84 CD123+ AML and 53 CD123- AML, efficacy and prognosis were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#① Among 137 patients, 84 were in group CD123+ (61.3%) , and 53 in group CD123- (38.7%) . All 137 patients were classified into risk groups based on cytogenetic and molecular biology abnormalities. No significant differences were seen between the three risk groups with regard to their CD123 levels (χ2=0.861, P=0.650) . Compared with CD123- group, the CD123+ group had higher WBC[47.7 (1.0-264.0) vs 22.4 (0.7-211.0) , z=-2.592, P=0.010]. ② The rates of first complete remission (CR1) and recurrence of CD123+ group were 54.8% (46/84) and 50.8% (32/63) , respectively; and CD123- group were 73.6% (39/53) and 41.7% (20/48) , respectively. There was significant difference of CR1 between the two groups (χ2=5.121, P=0.027) , whereas no significant difference of the recurrence rate (χ2=0.911, P=0.340) . ③ The median dutations of OS between CD123+ group and CD123- group were 20.0 (95%CI 13.1-26.9) months vs 44.0 (95%CI 23.6-47.3) months, respectively (χ2=5.874, P=0.015) ; The median durations of DFS were 7.8 (95%CI 1.4-14.1) months vs 18.6 (95%CI 0-39.7) months, respectively, no differences were observed between the two groups (χ2=2.939, P=0.086) . ④ CD123 retained an adverse prognosis value on DFS and OS within the intermediate group and patients ≤ 50 years older.@*Conclusions@#CD123 widely expressed in AML patients, which was an independent risk factor for CR1 and OS, which implicating its important role in evaluating the induction chemotherapy response and prognosis of AML.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485708

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that different types of anterior cervical surgery in the treatment of two-level contiguous cervical disc herniation can obtain satisfactory results, but which method is the best has not yet reached a consensus. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of three types of anterior cervical surgery for treating two-level contiguous cervical disc herniation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 62 patients with two-level contiguous cervical disc herniation who underwent anterior decompression and fusion. These patients were assigned to three groups. Bone graft group received anterior cervical discectomy with autogenous iliac bone graft fusion. Titanium mesh group received anterior cervical corpectomy with titanium mesh fusion. Cage group received anterior cervical discectomy with cage fusion. Fusion rate of bone graft and improvement of neurological function (Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores) were evaluated and compared after treatment in the three groups. Cervical vertebra anteroposterior and lateral images were used to measure height of anterior and posterior margin of vertebral body and Cobb angle changes of fusion segment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Al 62 patients were fol owed up and the fol ow-up time was ranged from 8 to 30 months. Operation time was significantly longer in the bone graft group than in the titanium mesh and Cage groups (P 0.05). The fusion rate of bone graft was higher in the bone graft group than in the titanium mesh and Cage groups (P 0.05). The increase in the height of posterior margin was higher in the Cage group than in the bone graft group and titanium mesh group (P 0.05). These findings indicated that the three kinds of fusion method for treating two-level contiguous cervical disc herniation could obviously lessen nervous systems and improve cervical vertebra functions. In the bone graft group, operation time was long. Intraoperative blood loss was more. Postoperative height loss of the posterior margin of the vertebral body was visible. Cervical lordosis could be easily induced. Compared with the bone graft group, titanium mesh and Cage groups could better maintain the height and curvature of the cervical vertebra, but the Cage group had apparent advantages.

19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1116-1118, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479189

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe apoptotic cells and caspase-3-positive cells in ipsilateral neonatal hypoxic-isch?emia encephalopathy (NHIE) model in mice. Methods CD1 mice of age 7 days (n=30) were randomly divided into two groups: sham group (n=9) and model group (n=21). NHIE model was induced by right common carotid artery ligation fol?lowed by 8%oxygen hypoxia for 100 min. TTC staining was used to determine area of brain infarction. DAPI staining was used to detect pathological change in brains. TUNEL assay was used to detect apoptotic cells and fluorescence immunohisto?chemistry was used to detect caspase-3 expression in the ipsilateral brain. Results No infarct was detected in sham group. Cells were densely and orderly arranged in brain. TUNEL-positive cells (18.57±4.98) and caspase-3-positive cells (9.17± 2.14) in the ipsilateral brain were both less than those in the ipsilateral brain of mice in model group (209.57±41.27) and (63.33±16.22) respectively. Mice in model group presented infarct in the right hemisphere with more dead cells and wider in?terstitial space compared with sham group. Conclusion Brain injury in NHIE model might be related to the increasing cas?pase-3 expression thus leads to apoptosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 949-952, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302042

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between mothers' body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy or weight gain during pregnancy and autism in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2013 to 2014, the 181 children with autism and 181 healthy children matched by sex and age from same area were included in this study. According to mothers' BMI before pregnancy, the selected cases were divided into 3 groups: low, normal and high group. Then 3 groups were divided into 3 subgroups based on mother' s weight gain during pregnancy: low, normal and high group, according to the recommendations of Institute of Medicine. Logistic regression analysis and χ(2) test were conducted with SPSS 18.0 software to analysis the relationship between mothers' BMI before pregnancy or weight gain during pregnancy and autism in children.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age and sex distributions of case group and control group were consistent (χ(2)=0.434, P>0.05). The mothers' BMI before pregnancy of case group was higher than that of control group (χ(2)=9.580, P<0.05) ,which was (21.28±3.80) kg/m(2) for case group and (19.87±2.83) kg/m(2) for control group. The proportion of cases in high BMI group (10.5%) was much higher than that in control group (2.8%) . The risk of children with autism in high BMI group was 3.7 times higher than that in normal BMI group (OR=3.71, 95% CI: 1.34-10.24). In normal BMI group, the proportion of mothers who had excessive weight gain during pregnancy was higher in case group (44.1%) than in control group (33.9%). In high BMI group, the proportion of mothers who had excessive weight gain was higher in case group (52.6%) than in control group (20.0%) . In normal BMI group (χ(2) =8.690, P<0.05) and high BMI group (χ(2)=4.775, P<0.05), the weight gain during pregnancy was associated with autism in children. Logistic regression analysis showed that mothers' BMI before pregnancy (unadjusted OR=1.89, 95% CI: 1.26-2.85, adjusted OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.19-2.27) and weight gain during pregnancy were the risk factors for autism in children (unadjusted OR=1.63, 95% CI: 1.08-1.25, adjusted OR=1.64, 95% CI: 1.21-2.21).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Overweight or obesity before pregnancy and excessive weight gain during pregnancy were associated with autism in children, suggesting that women who plan to be pregnant should pay attention to body weight control.</p>

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