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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882757

ABSTRACT

Characterized by chronic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refers to a group of rheumatic diseases in children with unknown causes and strong clinical heterogeneity.Most patients have good prognosis, while some may be involved with important extra-articular organs and tissues, including cardiac system damage, pulmonary or pleural lesions, renal amyloid degeneration, uveitis, and so on.Delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to short-term and/or long-term involvement in vital systems, thus resulting in the aggravation of the disease or poor prognosis, which may decrease their life quality and even threaten their life.Understanding the extra-articular manifestations of JIA is very important to manage disease.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 273-283, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874594

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients often exhibit peritoneal metastasis, which negatively impacts their prognosis. CD31 and D2-40 have recently been suggested to be predictors of breast cancer prognosis, but their role in colorectal peritoneal metastasis (CRPM) remains unknown. @*Methods@#The expression profiles of CD31 and D2-40 were analyzed in CRC patients with or without CRPM and in CRC cell lines with increasing metastatic potential. Overexpression and short hairpin RNA knockdown assays were performed in CRC cells, and the effects of these alterations on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in vitro, growth of xenograft tumors in vivo, and peritoneal metastasis potential in a mouse model of CRPM were examined. @*Results@#The expressions of CD31 and D2-40 were upregulated in CRC tumor tissues and was elevated further in tumor tissues from patients with CRPM. CD31 and D2-40 expression levels exhibited increasing trends parallel to the EMT potential of CRC cells. CD31 and D2-40 are essential for CRC cell EMT in vitro as well as for xenograft tumor growth and peritoneal metastasis in vivo. @*Conclusions@#CD31 and D2-40 contribute to CRPM by promoting EMT and may serve as prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for CRC, particularly in patients with peritoneal metastasis.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 318-322,封3, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693239

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of two-person operations of disposable circumcision stitching instrument and one-man operations of disposable circumcision stitching instrument.Methods Clinical data of 340 patients with redundant prepuce or phimosis from March 2015 to August 2017 were randomly divided into control group which patients with two-person operation of disposable circumcision stitching instrument and study group which patients with one-man operation of disposable circumcision stitching instrument were reviewed prospectively.There were 188 patients in the study group,including 22 patients with phimosis and 166 patients with redundant prepuce;Among the 152 patients in the control group,there were 17 cases with phimosis and 135 cases with redundant prepuce.Two groups with operation time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative skin staple missing,2 hours postoperative pain,postoperative edema,the swelling subsided time,postoperative complications,postoperative patient satisfaction,and so on.Measurement data were represented as (x) ± s,and comparison between groups was analyzed using t test;count data were represented as percentage and comparison between groups was analyzed chi-square.Results All operations were finished successfully for the patients by two-person or one-man of operations of disposable circumcision stitching instrument.In terms of operation,the operation time of the observation group and the control group was (7.76 ±0.45) minutes and (7.86 ±0.91) minutes respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant(P > 0.05).Intraoperative hemorrhage of observation group and control group were (1.77 ± 0.22) ml and (1.72 ± 0.26) ml,and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference between the observation group and the control group (P > 0.05) in the postoperative 2 hours pain score and skin staple missing.In the postoperative complications,the deviation rate of the prepuce was 1.11%,significantly lower than the control group 5.92%,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference between the observation group and the control group in terms of edema on the third postoperative day,short postoperative anastomosis,patient satisfaction,and postoperative infection.Conclusion The way of one-man operation of disposable circumcision stitching instrumente not only saves labor costs,but also has a good postoperative clinical effect,meanwhile,it has high efficiency and strong operability,and is worthy of promotion for clinical first-line urologists.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 578-585, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690146

ABSTRACT

Biomarkers are the detectable changes associated with physiological or pathological changes. Urine as excreta of the body, without the mechanisms to maintain a homeostatic internal environment, can reflect a variety of changes in the body. Using animal models can simulate human disease processes, monitor disease changes, and provide clues to early diagnosis. Rats as commonly used model animals are not the dominant models for all disease, thus comparing the urinary proteins of rats with other animals to provide clues to the selection of other animal dominant models. In this study, urinary proteins were digested and profiled by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The urinary proteins of rats, guinea pigs and golden hamsters were compared. The results showed that the number of urine proteins in the three different animals was different, and also different in every system of the body. This provides a basis for selecting the best animal models for different diseases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603469

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis ( RA ) and systemic lupus erythematosus ( SLE ) are the most important and typical autoimmune diseases,however their exact mechanisms has not yet been clear. Autohpagy,a highly conserved process,depends on catabolism of lysosomal degradation of macromolecules or organelles within the cell itself. Autophagy exists widely in various tissues and is involved in maintaining survival and differentiation of cell or the stablility of internal environment. Recently,autophagy has gained wider attention and been one of the hot points of relative reserches. In this review we′ll sum up the development of autophagy in RA and SLE.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604831

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of suspended method in scar hidden technology in laparoscopic appendec-tomy ( LA) . Methods 27 patients underwent scar hidden laparoscopic appendectomy with the aid of suspended method. Silver probe was pierced abdominal cavity,bended into a hook shape and fixed appendix,then underwent appendectomy. Results 27 patients finished surgery successfully,the operative time was 25~100 min ( mean, 45 min) ,the blood loss during operation was 10~50 mL ( mean,20 mL) ,the hos-pital stay was 3~8 d ( mean,4 d) . Conclusion Scar hidden technology in laparoscopic appendectomy with the aid of suspended method is safe,feasible and further improves the cosmic result.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 60-62, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417810

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the diagnosis and surgical treatment techniques for the patients with primary presacral tumor.Methods Data from 31 patients with primary presacral tumor admitted into our Department for Surgery from Jan. 1999 to Jar. 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients underwent surgical treatment,among them,10 received per-sacroiliac or per-perineum approaches to remove the tumors,18 receivedper-abdomentumorectomy, and3receivedcombinedper-peritoneumandper-perineum tumorectomy.Results Patients visited the doctor while exhibiting the compression symptoms by the the tumors.Final diagnosis could be reached with the help of rectal touch,B-mode ultrasound,computerized tomography,or magnetic resonance imaging.Complete resection was performed in 28 patients.Partial resection was performed in 3 patients.Fractionated resection was successfully performed in 2 patients with chronic infection or sinus tract.ConclusionThe primary presacral tumor should be surgically resected once final diagnosised and without surgical contraindications.Pelvic plexus should be preserved and presacral hemorrhage should be prevented.The tumor should be resected as complete as possible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622005

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reasons and prevention of the hoarse voice after continuity-intact recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN)operation without damage of RLN under naked eyes.Methods Data of 1871 patients undergoing thyroid surgery from Jan.2001 to Jan.2011 were retrospectly analyzed.919 patients had their RLN exposed,among whom 757 patients had bilateral RLN exposed.952 patients didn't have their RLN exposed in the surgery.Results A total of 1676 RLNs were exposed by the routine method and minimally invasive method.All the nerves were confirmed no damage and continuity intact under naked eyes.Hoarse voice occurred to 19patients after surgery,with the percentage of 2.12% (19/897).The rate of hoarse voice in the non-exposed group was 5.46% (52/952).The difference of horse voice between the RLN exposed group and non-exposed group had statistical significance(P < 0.05).Conclusions RLN without damage under naked eyes and continuity intact doesn't mean no damage of electroneurophysiology.The rate of RLN damage in the exposed group was less than that in the non-exposed group.The major causes of hoarse voice may include misoperation,heat conduction and postoperative scar adhesion.The key to avoid RLN damage is prevention.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients whose estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor(PR) was preoperatively negative and turned positive after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods The clinical experimental study was carried out in 97 cases of breast cancer which were divided into endocrine treatment group and control group. The follow-up time ranged from 15 to 60 months. Results In endocrine treatment group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 74.5% (38/51), 60.7% (31/51), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were respectively 80%(41/51), 74. 5% (38/51). In control group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 54.2% (26/46), 41.7%(20/46), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were 60.9%(28/46),50%(23/46),respectively. The corresponding values were significantly higher in endocrine treatment group than in control group(P<0.05).Conclusions Remedy endocrine therapy improves the disease-free and overall survival rate in breast cancer patients with the expression of ER and PR turning positive after initial neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404198

ABSTRACT

To increase the effective rate of treatment of dental injuries. Self-etching adhesives, flat steel wire and resin were used to make adhesive splints and to fix the dislocated teeth. The effect of treatment was excellent.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622100

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant endocrine therapy on expression and significance of ER, PR, C-erbB-2 in pestmenopause breast cancer patients over 60 years old. Methods 36 patients were treated with endrocrine therapy by oral tamoxifen for 60 ~ 90 days, and the expression of ER, PR and C-erbB-2 was examined before and after the endrocrine therapy. Results In 36 patients the negative expres-sion rate of ER, PR was 16.78% and 11.11% respectively before the endrocrine therapy, compared to 50% and 33.33% after the endrocrine therapy. There was significant difference(P<0.05). The expression of C-erbB-2 was 13.8% and 16.67% before and after the endrocrine therapy, and there was no significant difference between the two figures. Conclusions The neoadjuvant endocrine therapy by tamoxifen alone can down-regulate the ex-pression of ER, PR, and can inhibit tumor growth. Some patients may get partially relieved.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588006

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical indications and curative effects of microwave coagulation combined with submucous 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) injection in the management of early-stage lower rectal cancer. Methods Nine patients with early-stage lower rectal cancer underwent microwave coagulation with submucous 5-FU injection from January 1996 to December 2002. After the microwave treatment, a retention enteroclysis with 100~200 ml normal saline containing 1.0 g 5-FU was performed once daily for 3 days. Results In 3 patients, levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which were preoperatively increased, were reduced below normal limits after microwave treatment. No hemorrhage or other intra- or post-operative complications was observed. Follow-up observations to January 2006 showed that all the 9 patients survived. One patient survived for 3 years and 5 months, 1 patient survived for 3 years and 8 months, and 1 patient experienced a tumor relapse at 1 year and 4 months and survived for 2 years and 9 months after a Miles procedure. Among 6 patients who survived longer than 5 years, 1 survived for 5 years and 1 month, 1 for 6 years and 3 months, 1 for 6 years and 8 months, 1 for 7 years and 6 months, and 2 for 9 years. Conclusions Surgical indications for microwave coagulation combined with submucous 5-FU injection for rectal cancer included early-stage cancer, lesions located within 7 cm away from the anus, the mass type cancer, tumor diameter at 0.5~3.0 cm or less than one third of the rectum’s circumference, well differentiated tumor, and patient’s strong anus-sparing demand. This method is minimally invasive, safe, reliable, and cost-effective.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554876

ABSTRACT

To elucidate the change in trunk muscle performance in patients with low back pain caused by military training. The indices of trunk muscle strength (PT/BW, TAE, F/E, ER), the cross-sectional area of sacrospinalis, the amplitude and the duration of EMG, and the lumbar curvature were measured in recruits with low back pain after military training (n=40)and healthy subjects(n=40).All of the indices were compared between two groups. It was found that except PT/BW and ER of flexors and cross-sectional area of sacrospinalis, there were significant differences between other indices of the patients compared with healthy subjects(P

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