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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 527-530, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810747

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study clinicopathological features,diagnosis and differential diagnosis of myxoid lipoblastoma.@*Methods@#Four cases of myxoid lipoblastoma, from 2010 to 2017 at Wuxi People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University and Binhai People′s Hospital, were studied by clinicopathological analysis, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization along with a literature review.@*Results@#The age of the patients ranged from 1 to 6 years. Histologically, all tumors had thin fibrous capsule and irregular lobules separated by fibrous septa. The individual lobules consisted of myxoid stroma,prominent plexiform capillary network and stellate or spindle mesenchymal cells. Lipoblasts (S-100 positive) and mature adipocytes varies among different lobules. FISH revealed PLAG1 disruption in all 4 cases. MDM2 or CHOP alterations were not detected. None of the patients had tumor recurrence upon follow up from 12 to 80 months.@*Conclusions@#Myxoid lipoblastoma is a very rare tumor, usually in the first 5 years of life. The clinical features of myxoid lipoblastoma and lipoblastoma are similar, while myxoid lipoblastoma has prominent myxoid change, a plexiform vascular pattern and rare mature fat cells. The patient age,S-100 positive lipoblasts and cytogenetic alteration are the key diagnostic features.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 354-359, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809958

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular features of the rare cribriform morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMV-PTC).@*Methods@#The clinicopathologic data of 10 patients with CMV-PTC were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was done using LSAB method. DNA sequencing for APC were applied using Sanger method. BRAF V600E mutation was examined using ARMS method. The cytological, morphological, IHC and molecular features were analyzed.@*Results@#All patients were female at an average age of 27 years old. The tumors were mostly located in the right lobe of thyroid. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed in three patients; two were diagnosed as suspicious for PTC and one as PTC. Nine tumors presented as solitary nodule and two as multiple nodules in both lobes. Infiltration was demonstrated in three cases. The average size was 2.6 cm. The neoplastic cells were arranged in papillary, cribriform, solid and glandular patterns, with rare or without colloid inside the lumen. The number of morula varied, ranging from zero to many. The neoplastic cells were variably enlarged, showing round, oval or spindle shape. Nuclear irregularity was identified as irregular membrane, nuclear grooves or pseudoinclusion, but no typical ground glass feature. Peculiar nuclear clearing could be observed in the morular cells. IHC staining showed the neoplastic cells were negative for thyroglobulin and p63, but positive for TTF1, cytokeratin 19 and estrogen receptor. Diffuse staining with cytokeratin was seen in the neoplastic cells and the morula. Specific cytoplasmic and nuclear staining of β-catenin was seen in the neoplastic cells but not the morula. Ki-67 proliferation index was 1%-30%. No recurrence or metastasis was observed. One patient was demonstrated to harbor both somatic and germline mutations of the APC gene, who was found to have adenomatous polyposis and her mother died of colonic carcinoma. No BRAF V600E mutation was detected.@*Conclusions@#CMV-PTC is rare and shows atypical cytological and clinicopathological features, and it is easily misdiagnosed.TG, TTF1, ER and β-catenin are specific IHC markers for CMV-PTC. The morula is negative for cytokeratin 19, in contrast to squamous metaplasia. Although CMV-PTC has indolent clinical behavior, a definite diagnosis is necessary to rule out the possibility of APC gene mutation and related extra-thyroidal neoplasm, such as FAP and Gardner syndrome.

3.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 232-236, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the formula of aprepitant nanocapsules. Methods: The central composite design–response surface methodology was used. The amounts of hydroxg propyl cellulose(HPC-SL) and sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS) were set as the independent variables;the dissolution of aprepitant capsules at 15min and 30min, and the dissolution after accelerated at 40℃ and 75% RH for 6 months were set as the dependent variables. Quadratic polynomial mathematic models were used to evaluate the relation-ship between the independent and the dependent variables. According to the mathematic models,an effect graph was drawn. The opti-mized formula was chosen from the overlap of the contour graphs of the dependent variables. The similarity of in vitro dissolution curve was evaluated by using f2factor. Results:The correlation coefficient of quadratic polynomial mathematic model and the reliability was high. The measured values of the optimized formula were within the expected ranges. Conclusion: Aprepitant nanocapsules with the optimized formula by central composite design-response surface methodology meet the requirements. The results can provide evidence for the next industrial production.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 290-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731742

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of serum containing Euonymus fortunei on the rat pancreatic islet cells. Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8 in each group), including the control group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), ischemic preconditioning group (abdominal aorta was blocked first and then re-opened before the pancreas was obtained, and the pancreatic islet cells were cultured with normal rat serum), Euonymus fortunei treatment group (normal rat islet cells were cultured with rat serum containing Euonymus fortunei), Euonymus fortunei group and blank group (normal rats were administered orally with Euonymus fortunei extract or distilled water for the preparation of rat serum). Diphenylthiocarbazone (DTZ) staining was utilized to observe and calculate the quantity of islets. Acridine orange (AO)/propidium iodide (PI) staining was adopted to calculate the survival rate of islet cells. The insulin release experiment was performed to calculate the stimulation index (SI) and evaluate islet cell function. The concentration of glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) in islet cells was detected using GSH and NO kits. The expression level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) messenger RNA (mRNA) was quantitatively measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results Islet cells were observed in specifically scarlet color after DTZ staining. The quantity of islet cells did not significantly differ among different groups (all P>0.05). Along with the prolongation of culture time, the activity of islet cells in each group was gradually decreased. At 72 h after isolation and culture, compared with the control group, the survival rate of the cells was significantly higher in the Euonymus fortunei treatment group (P<0.05). The insulin release test results demonstrated that compared with the control group, the SI of the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups was significantly increased (both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the GSH contents of pancreatic islet cells in the ischemic preconditioning and Euonymus fortunei treatment groups were considerably enhanced, the NO content was significantly decreased, and the expression level of iNOS mRNA was significantly down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusions Euonymus fortunei can increase the survival rate of islet cells and enhance the function of pancreatic islets by increasing the level of GSH, down-regulating the expression of iNOS and decreasing the NO production.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620639

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the therapeutic values of valsartan combined with benazepril in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure.Methods 102 cases of patients with congestive heart failure in Nine 0 Third Hospital were enrolled in the study.They were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, with 51 cases in each group.Both groups were given cardiac diuretic, anti-infection and other basic treatment and the control group was given benazepril on the basis of basic treatment while the observation group was additionally given valsartan on the basis of treatment in the control group.The curative effects were compared and the changes of cardiac function indexes were detected before and after treatment between the two groups.Results The effective rate of treatment was 80.39% in the control group, which was lower than that in the observation group with 96.08% (P<0.05).After treatment, the observation group LVEF increased significantly, LVESd and LVEDd decreased significantly, and each index was significantly better than that of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Valsartan combined with benazepril in the treatment of congestive heart failure can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the cardiac function, therefore it is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1059-1063, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the formula of regorafenib solid dispersion .Methods: On the basis of preliminary studies on the carrier and drug/carrier ratio, an orthogonal test was used to study the formula of regorafenib solid dispersion .The orthogonal table of L9 (34 ) was designed to study the drug/carrier ratio, ultrasound time and bath temperature .Results: Regorafenib solid dispersion was prepared by a solvent method with polyvinylpyrrolidone K 30 as the carrier.The drug/carrier ratio was 1 ∶7, the ultrasound time was 4min, and the bath temperature was 30℃.Regorafenib solid dispersion showed good stability confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction .The dissolution in 30 min reached above 90 %.Conclusion: The preparation process is stable and reproducible , which can be used to prepare regorafenib solid dispersion .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448571

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the human papilloma virus(HPV) infection in lesion tissues of patients with common anus and rectal disease .Methods Gene amplification combined with gene chip technology were employed to conduct genotyping test in lesion tissue of 566 patients with common anus and rectal disease .Results In lesion tissues of 566 patients with common anus and rectal disease ,the overall HPV infection rate was 32 .86% (186/566) .In male patients ,the overall HPV infection rate ,monopole infection rate and multiple infection rate were 32 .14% (117/364) ,23 .35% (85/364) and 8 .79% (32/364) ,respectively ,which showed no sta-tistically significant difference with female [34 .16% (69/202) ,24 .75% (50/202) and 9 .41% (19/202) ,respectively ] (P>0 .05) . HPV 18 ,16 ,33 ,31 types were the main types of common anus and rectal disease .Conclusion HPV genotyping test of anus and rectum tissues is important for molecular epidemiological studies of HPV infection in anus and rectum .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431930

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence and solution of pseudothrom bocytopenia (PTCP) caused by anticoagulant EDTA-K2.Methods Sysmex-2100 hematology analyzer was used to analyze PTCP-positive patients' blood samples,count the platelet in samples anticoagulant with EDTA-K2,sodium citrate and heparin,and used the manual counting methods.Results Platelets counts in anticoagulant bood by EDTA-K2 was significantly lower than anticoagulant bood by sodium citrate and heparin.Lots of aggregated platelets were appeared in the EDTA-K2 anticoagulant samples stained by Wright-Giemsa,while there was no aggregated platelets observed in sodium citrate anticoagulant samples and heparin anticoagulant samples.Conclusion Platelet aggregation in patients with PTCP causes patelet counts false reducation.The patients with PTCP is determined by measuring the whole blood (no anticoagulant)by automatic hematology analyzer immediately or manual couting method.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430964

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimized method of venous anastomosis for right donor kidney transplantation in rats.Methods Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were used as donors and recipients for homologous rat kidney transplantation.Both bilateral kidneys were harvested from the donor rats (n =45).Ninety rats were used as recipients and divided into 4 groups according to randomly digital table:In groups AC (n =15 each),the right donor kidneys were transplanted into the left nephridial pit of recipients,and endto-side,venous bypass and modified end-toend (donor's proximal end of vena cava was anastomosed to recipients renal Vein followed by ligation of its distal end) venous anastomosis was done,respectively; In the control group (n =45),the left donor kidneys were transplanted into the same side of the recipients,and the conventional end-to-end venous anastomosis was used.Then the intra-operative findings,successful operation rate and postoperative complications were compared between two groups.Results The venous anastomosis time in group B was longer than in groups A,C and control group (P<0.05),which significantly increased warm ischemia time of donor kidneys and operative time of recipients (P<0.05).The venous anastomosis time,warm ischemia time of donor kidneys and operative time of recipients showed no significant difference between groups A or C and control group (P>0.05).The successful operation rate in group C (93.3%)was similar to that in control group (86.7%) (P>0.05),but higher than in group A (53.3%) and group B (53.3%) (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between group A and group C.Conclusion For right donor kidney transplantation,the method of harvesting the right donor kidney with a part of vena cava,and then anastomosing the proximal end to recipients renal vein and ligating the distal end,is highly feasible,efficient and economic.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical distribution and drug resistance of clinical Pseudomonas aerugilosa isolates,and offer reasonable experimental data for clinical therapy.METHODS P.aerugilosa was identified by ATB Expression system,and its drug resistance was determined by Kirby-bauer and ATB Expression method.RESULTS The main departments in which frequently P.aerugilosa infection accurred were Intensive Care Unit(41.2%) and Respiration Departments(19.3%).The common site of P.aerugilosa infection was respiratory tract(68.2%).The sensitive rate of P.aerugilosa to polymyxin E and cefoperazone/sulbactam was the highest(95.1% and 91.4%),while to meropenem and imipenem was 77.5% and 70.6%.The highest resistant rate of P.aerugilosa to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole,ampicillin/sulbactam was 97.1% and 95.1%.The resistunce to ciprofloxacin,ticarcillin and piperacillin,were 64.9%,63.3% and 56.3%.CONCLUSIONS P.aeruginosa is major pathoge in our hospital.It is important to select antibiotics correctly according to the results of susceptibility tests.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 42-45, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the histogenesis and pathologic features of pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (SH) and its expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventeen cases of pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma were reevaluated and 12 cases were immunostained with a panel of antibodies including TTF-1, EMA, cytokeratin, etc. Six cases were studied by electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All cases exhibited the classic histologic features with variable proportions of solid, papillary, hemorrhagic or hemangiomatic, and sclerotic pattern. The tumours consisted of solid sheets or aggregates of pale polygonal cells and papillae and clefts lined by cuboidal or columnar cells. Both TTF-1 and EMA expressions were observed in the surface lining cuboidal cells and the pale polygonal cells. In only one case both chromogranin and synaptophysin showed weakly positive in few polygonal cells and a small number of granules with high electron density was found in the polygonal cells by electronic microscopy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is suggested that pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma is an epithelial neoplasm derived from primitive respiratory epithelium capable of differentiating toward pneumocytes or Clara cells. The immunohistochemical markers such as TTF-1, EMA and CK play an important part in diagnosis of SH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Hemangioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Microscopy, Electron , Middle Aged , Nuclear Proteins , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1 , Transcription Factors
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552124

ABSTRACT

To assess early treatment for fracture of the maxillofacial bone complicated by cerebral injury, 120 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The change in GCS, the incidence of stress ulceration, nosocomial pneumonia and the injury of liver or kidney were determined 1 week after fixation of the fracture of the maxillofacial bone at different stages. There was no significant influence of the time of the operation on the severity of brain injury and the incidence of the complications. It is our assertion that the bone fracture could be fixed at an earlier stage, and RIMF is a kind of satisfactory fixation method.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433818

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinicpathologic features and the main point of differential diagnosis of T-cell lymphomas in breast. MethodsTwo cases of T-cell lymphomas of the breast were analysed about clinic data, histopathology and imrnunochemistry. ResultsBoth of the patients were women whose age were 37 and 31 years old. Histopathologically, the tumor cells appeared sheet and cord-like arrangements. Some of them distributed around the blood vessel. There was an obvious phenomenon closing blood vessel. Tumor ceils were characterized by less cytoplasm, big and distorted nucleus, thin chromation. Large pieces of necrosis were observed. There were no lympho-epithelial lesions. Immunnohistochemistry showed that CD45, CD45RO, CD3 and CD43 in the tumor cells were all positive, while CD20 and CD74 were negative. Follow-up results showed that one died two and half months after operation and the other died sixteen months after operation. ConclusionsT-cell lymphoma of the hreast is the high malignant tumur which is extremely rare, and its diagnosis mainly depends on the histopathology and the marker of immunohistochemistry.

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