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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1912-1914,1928, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733391


Objective To investigate the correlation between lumbar physiological curvature and Pfirrmann grading of lumbar intervertebral disc in young patients with lower lumbar pain.Methods 1 1 1 cases with lower lumbar pain were analyzed retrospectively by lumbar MRI examination.The MRI image was reviewed by two radiologists,and the degree of lumbar physiological curvature and lumbar disc degeneration were observed.Chi square test was applied to the statistical results.Results Final analysis was performed on 300 discs in 60 cases of patients with lumbar physiological curvature straightening.Among them,209 were grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ(70%),45 grade Ⅲ(15%),35 grade Ⅳ(11%)and 11 grade Ⅴ(4%)in Pfirrmann grading.In total of 255 discs of 51 cases with normal physiological curvature of the spine,there were 212 (83%)of Pfirrmann grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ,22 of grade Ⅲ(9%),19 of grade Ⅳ(7%)and 2 of grade Ⅴ(1 %).There was statistical difference between the lumbar physiological curvature straightening and the normal lumbar physiological curvature group (P< 0.05).The proportions of degeneration of Ⅰ-Ⅱ in the lumbar physiological curvature group was lower than that in normal lumbar curvature group,while the proportions of gradeⅢ,ⅣandⅤdegeneration in the lumbar physiological curvature group were higher than that in normal lumbar curvature group.Conclusion Stratification lumbar physiologic curvature is an important factor for lumbar disc degeneration and easy to cause Pfirrmann gradeⅣ-Ⅴdegeneration in young patients.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 496-499, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402634


Objective To explore the value of the 64-slice spiral CT angiography(SCTA)in diagnosis of aortic disease.Methods 32 cases with aortic diseases confirmed by operation underwent 64-slice spiral CT enhanced scan,raw data were dealed with multiplanar reformation(MPR),curved plannar reformation(CPR),maximum intensity projection(MIP),volume rendering(VR)and advantage vessel analysis(AVA).Results The aortic disease in 32 cases included aortic dissection in 16 cases,pseudoaneurysm in 7 cases,true aneurysm in 4 cases,narrowing of the aortic arch in 3 cases and amputation of aortic arch in 2 cases.The endometrial break and mural thrombus better showed with MPR and the detecting rat of intimal flake and the initial break was 81%(13/16),while for the periphery thrombosis in 7 cases with pseudoaneurysm,the detecting rate was 100%(7/7).The showing rate for displaying the whole with CR was 100%(32/32).In showing calcification and accurate of vessels with MIP,the detecting rate was 84%(27/32).The showing rate of the extent of the disease and the relationship between peripheral vascular was 100%(32/32).AVA was of significance in the measurement of vascular diameter and vascular cross-sectional area,the showing rate was 44%(14/32).Conclusion 64-slice spiral CT angiography is of significance in diagnosing aortic diseases.