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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the role of Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside (TGW) in the treatment of psoriatic dermatitis from a cellular immunological perspective.@*METHODS@#Mouse models of psoriatic dermatitis were established by imiquimod (IMQ). Twelve male BALB/c mice were assigned to IMQ or IMQ+TGW groups according to a random number table. Histopathological changes in vivo were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Ratios of immune cells and cytokines in mice, as well as PAM212 cell proliferation in vitro were assessed by flow cytometry. Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression was determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#TGW significantly ameliorated the severity of IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse skin lesions and restrained the activation of CD45+ cells, neutrophils and T lymphocytes (all P<0.01). Moreover, TGW significantly attenuated keratinocytes (KCs) proliferation and downregulated the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-23, tumor necrosis factor α, and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Furthermore, it reduced the number of γ δ T17 cells in skin lesion of mice and draining lymph nodes (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGW improved psoriasis-like inflammation by inhibiting KCs proliferation, as well as the associated immune cells and cytokine expression. It inhibited IL-17 secretion from γ δ T cells, which improved the immune-inflammatory microenvironment of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Tripterygium , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Keratinocytes , Skin Diseases/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Imiquimod/metabolism , Dermatitis/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Skin/metabolism
2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 188-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015238

ABSTRACT

Objective Saiga antelope is a small population inhabiting in desert and semi desert areas of national and world endangered protected animals, its wild population is extremely rare. In order to explore the correlation between hypoxic tolerance and neuroglobin (NGB) in Saiga antelope. A female Saiga antelope died of dystocia was used as the experimental animal, and the tissue samples were sampled repeatedly for 3 times to study the distribution and expression of NGB in brain of Saiga antelope in the process of adapting to hypoxia. Methods The distribution and expression of NGB in the parietal lobe, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, hypothalamus, hippocampus, pear like leaf, cingulate gyrus, striatum and thalamus of Saiga antelope were detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC) and Real-time PCR. Results The result of IHC showed that NGB was positive in all parts of Saiga antelope brain, and the cells that had positive reactions in the parietal, frontal, temporal and occipital lobes of the cerebral cortex were mostly granular cells and martinotti cells. NGB was found in the granular cell layer, pyramidal cell layer and molecular cell layer in hippocampus, and the positive staining of pyramidal cell layer was the strongest. NGB positive expression in Pear like leaves and hypothalamus mainly occured in multi-type cells. NGB was expressed in the granulocytes and glial cells of cingulate gyrus, mainly in the granular cells. The positive expression of NGB in striatum was mainly located in granular cells, the positive expression of NGB in thalamus could be seen in the polymorphosis and glial cells, and the positive substance of the multi-type cells was obviously colored. The result of Real-time PCR showed that NGB was expressed in different regions of Saiga antelope brain, the highest expression in the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex, the second in the parietal lobe, and the expression was significantly higher than that in the rest of the brain tissue (P0.05). Conclusion The expression of NGB in different regions of Saiga antelope has some selective differences in the long-term adaptation to hypoxia environment. The frontal and parietal lobes have the highest tolerance to hypoxia, followed by hippocampus, and the striatum is the weakest, which may be related to the specific functions of different regions of brain tissue, but the specific mechanism remains to be further explored.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979519

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the relationship between myocardial viability in patients with coronary artery disease who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and early application of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) after coronary revascularization, and to provide relevant clinical reference for the pre-implantation of 16G single-lumen catheter in the femoral artery of high-risk patients to facilitate the addition of IABP after operation. Methods    This retrospective study included 521 patients (414 males and 107 females, aged 62.50±8.82 years) who underwent positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) perfusion-metabolism imaging prior to CABG surgery in our institution from December 2015 to August 2020. The myocardial viability information and left ventricular functional parameters were measured, including the proportion of non-viable myocardium (perfusion-metabolic imaging match), hibernating myocardium (perfusion-metabolic imaging mismatch) and dysfunctional myocardium (non-viable+viable myocardium), left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic volume and left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV). The patients were divided into an IABP group and a non-IABP group  according to whether they received IABP treatment after revascularization. The clinical data were reviewed and compared to explore significant impact factors between the two groups. And the multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the correlation between preoperative myocardial viability and early use of IABP after CABG. Results    In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the amount of non-viable, dysfunctional myocardium and LVESV value were identified as the independent predictors for the probability of IABP use in the initial postoperative period. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that 9.5% non-viable myocardium, 19.5% dysfunctional myocardium, and LVESV of 114.5 mL were the optimal cutoff for predicting early IABP implantation during CABG. Conclusion    The myocardial survival status displayed by preoperative PET-CT myocardial perfusion-metabolism imaging can predict the possibility of applying IABP in CABG perioperative period. In addition to routine pre-anesthesia assessment, anesthesiologists can conduct risk stratification assessment for patients with CABG according to the results of preoperative myocardial viability imaging, which is of great significance to ensure the perioperative safety of high-risk patients with CABG.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1860-1865, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancy (R/R BCM).@*METHODS@#Three patients with R/R BCM treated with novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells from June 2020 to November 2020 were enrolled, including 1 case of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and 2 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and the efficacy and adverse reactions were observed.@*RESULTS@#After CAR-T cells infusion, patient with B-ALL achieved complete remission (CR) and minimal residual disease (MRD) turned negative, and 2 patients with NHL achieved partial remission (PR). Grade 2 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in B-ALL patient, grade 1 CRS occurred in 2 NHL patients, and grade II to IV hematologic adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients, all of which were controllable and reversible. The progression-free survival (PFS) of the 3 patients was 143, 199, and 91 days, and overall survival (OS) was 282, 430, and 338 days, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells in treatment of 3 patients with R/R BCM have significant short-term efficacy and controllable adverse reactions, but the long-term efficacy needs to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Burkitt Lymphoma , Antigens, CD19 , Neoplasm, Residual , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982395

ABSTRACT

Monascus is one of the most essential microbial resources in China, with thousands of years of history. Modern science has proved that Monascus can produce pigment, ergosterol, monacolin K, γ-aminobutyric acid, and other functionally active substances. Currently, Monascus is used to produce a variety of foods, health products, and pharmaceuticals, and its pigments are widely used as food additives. However, Monascus also makes a harmful polyketide component called citrinin in the fermentation process; citrinin has toxic effects on the kidneys such as teratogenicity, carcinogenicity, and mutagenicity (Gong et al., 2019). The presence of citrinin renders Monascus and its products potentially hazardous, which has led many countries to set limits and standards on citrinin content. For example, the citrinin limit is less than 0.04 mg/kg according to the Chinese document National Standard for Food Safety Food Additive Monascus (GB 1886.181-2016) (National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China, 2016), and the maximum level in food supplements based on rice fermented with Monascus purpureus is 100 µg/kg in the European Union (Commission of the European Union, 2019).


Subject(s)
Citrinin , Dietary Supplements , Fungi , Monascus
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effectiveness and feasibility of cryogenic disinfectants in different cold scenarios and analyze the key points of on-site cryogenic disinfection.@*METHODS@#Qingdao and Suifenhe were selected as application sites for the manual or mechanical spraying of cryogenic disinfectants. The same amount of disinfectant (3,000 mg/L) was applied on cold chain food packaging, cold chain containers, transport vehicles, alpine environments, and article surfaces. The killing log value of the cryogenic disinfectant against the indicator microorganisms ( Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) was used to evaluate the on-site disinfection effect.@*RESULTS@#When using 3,000 mg/L with an action time of 10 min on the ground in alpine regions, the surface of frozen items, cold-chain containers, and cold chain food packaging in supermarkets, all external surfaces were successfully disinfected, with a pass rate of 100%. The disinfection pass rates for cold chain food packaging and cold chain transport vehicles of centralized supervised warehouses and food processing enterprises were 12.5% (15/120), 81.67% (49/60), and 93.33% (14/15), respectively; yet, the surfaces were not fully sprayed.@*CONCLUSION@#Cryogenic disinfectants are effective in disinfecting alpine environments and the outer packaging of frozen items. The application of cryogenic disinfectants should be regulated to ensure that they cover all surfaces of the disinfected object, thus ensuring effective cryogenic disinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Disinfection , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the epidemiological characteristics and spatial distribution patterns of human norovirus outbreaks in China, identify high-risk areas, and provide guidance for epidemic prevention and control.@*METHODS@#This study analyzed 964 human norovirus outbreaks involving 50,548 cases in 26 provinces reported from 2012 to 2018. Epidemiological analysis and spatiotemporal scanning analysis were conducted to analyze the distribution of norovirus outbreaks in China.@*RESULTS@#The outbreaks showed typical seasonality, with more outbreaks in winter and fewer in summer, and the total number of infected cases increased over time. Schools, especially middle schools and primary schools, are the most common settings of norovirus outbreaks, with the major transmission route being life contact. More outbreaks occurred in southeast coastal areas in China and showed significant spatial aggregation. The highly clustered areas of norovirus outbreaks have expanded northeast over time.@*CONCLUSION@#By identifying the epidemiological characteristics and high-risk areas of norovirus outbreaks, this study provides important scientific support for the development of preventive and control measures for norovirus outbreaks, which is conducive to the administrative management of high-risk settings and reduction of disease burden in susceptible areas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology , Norovirus , Caliciviridae Infections/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , China/epidemiology , Genotype
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 107-113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of different endocrine therapy drugs on liver function in patients with early breast cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to include 4 318 patients with early breast cancer who received adjuvant endocrine therapy in Department of Breast Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2021. All the patients were female, aged (51.2±11.3) years (range: 20 to 87 years), including 1 182 patients in the anastrozole group, 592 patients in the letrozole group, 332 patients in the exemestane group, and 2 212 patients in the toremifene group. The mixed effect model was used to analyze and compare the liver function levels of patients at baseline, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 60 months of medication, and 1 year after drug withdrawal among the three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, exemestane) and toremifene. Results: ALT and AST of the 4 groups were significantly higher than the baseline level at 6 months (all P<0.01), and there were no significant differences in total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and AST levels among all groups one year after drug withdrawal (P: 0.538, 0.718, 0.061, respectively). There was no significant difference in the effect of all groups on AST levels (F=2.474, P=0.061), and in the effect of three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane) on ALT levels (anastrozole vs. letrozole, P=0.182; anastrozole vs. exemestane, P=0.535; letrozole vs. exemestane, P=0.862). Anastrozole and letrozole had significantly higher effects on ALT levels than toremifene (P<0.01, P=0.009). The proportion of abnormal liver function in each group increased significantly at 6 months compared with baseline, and then the proportion showed a decreasing trend over time. Conclusions: Three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane) and toremifene can significantly increase the level of ALT and AST in patients with breast cancer, and the levels can gradually recover to the baseline after 1 year of drug withdrawal. The effect of non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole) on ALT levels is greater than toremifene.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anastrozole , Aromatase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Bilirubin , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Letrozole , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Toremifene
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion on the stem cell factor (SCF)/tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit) signaling pathway and immune function in rats with diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Among 52 young rats born from 6 healthy pregnant SPF rats, 12 rats were randomly selected into the normal group, and the remaining 40 rats were treated with the three-factor combination method of maternal separation, acetic acid enema and chronic restraint stress to establish the IBS-D rat model. Thirty-six rats with successful IBS-D model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, and a medication group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspension moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37); the rats in the medication group were treated with intragastric administration of rifaximin suspension (150 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 7 consecutive days. The body mass, loose stool rate (LSR), the minimum volume threshold when abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scored 3 were measured before acetic acid enema (35 days old), after modeling (45 days old), and after intervention (53 days old). After intervention (53 days old), HE staining was used to observe the morphology of colon tissue, and spleen and thymus coefficients were measured; ELISA method was used to detect serum inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor a [TNF-a], interleukin [IL]-10, IL-8), T-lymphocyte subsets (CD+4, CD+8, CD+45), value of CD+4/CD+8 and immune globulin (IgA, IgG, IgM); real-time PCR method and Western blot method was used to detect the expression of SCF, c-kit mRNA and protein in colon tissue; immunofluorescence staining method were used to detect positive expression of SCF and c-kit.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, in the model group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were decreased (P<0.01), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were increased (P<0.01), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were decreased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group and the medication group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+8, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were increased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, in the moxibustion group, the level of serum CD+4 was decreased (P<0.05), the value of CD+4/CD+8 was increased (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference in other indexes (P>0.05). The expression of SCF and c-kit mRNA was positively correlated with the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with remaining indexes (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce visceral hypersensitivity, improve symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D rats, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway and improvement of IBS-D immune function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-8 , Maternal Deprivation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Diarrhea , Signal Transduction , Homeostasis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995769

ABSTRACT

The patient′s ABO blood type and Rh antigen phenotype were identified by monoclonal antibody serum test tube agglutination, and Rh antigen deletion was confirmed by gene sequencing.The ABO blood type and Rh antigen phenotype of the patient were identified using monoclonal antibody serum in vitro agglutination assay, and Rh antigen deletion was confirmed using gene sequencing. The Rh typing saline method showed that the patient was positive for anti D, but negative for anti E, -C, -c, and -e. The saline method for antibody screening showed negative results for cells I to III, positive results for polyamine and anti human globulin tests, positive results for antibody identification cells 1 to 16, and negative results for themselves. Direct anti globulin tests showed negative results. The sequencing results of RhC/E gene showed that exons 9-10 were normal, while exons 1-8 were missing. The patient had a deletion of exons 1-8 of the RhC/E gene, resulting in a loss of Rh antigen E/e and C/c expression. After the first random matching transfusion, the patient produced antibodies targeting E/e and C/c, resulting in an incompatibility between the main and side matching during the second infusion of red blood cell products and the inability to transfuse. In order to solve this situation, first we need to establish a rare blood group bank for Rh C/E gene deletion. Secondly, during the first blood transfusion, a small amount of RH antigen red blood cells should be injected. Stored autologous blood transfusion should also be considered.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 856-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between split foot and electrophysiology in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).Methods:The clinically definite or clinically probable ALS patients hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, the First Medical Center of Chinese People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from April 2021 to December 2022 were prospectively collected. From April 2021 to December 2022, patients who visited the Chinese People′s Liberation Army General Hospital for other reasons without abnormal electrophysiological examination were collected as the control group. The incidence of split leg [the limb whose modified Medical Research Council Muscle Strength Scale (mMRC) score of ankle dorsiflexors was lower than that of ankle plantarflexors] in ALS patients was calculated, and the incidence of split foot (the limb whose mMRC score of hallux dorsiflexors was lower than that of hallux plantarflexors) in ALS patients was calculated. The amplitude of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) of common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve was detected to observe the involvement of motor neurons innervating ankle dorsiflexors and ankle plantarflexors. The characteristics of split leg and split foot in ALS patients were analyzed from the perspective of muscle strength, and the characteristics of split foot in ALS patients were analyzed from the perspective of electrophysiology. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of peroneal nerve/tibial nerve CMAP amplitude ratio in distinguishing ALS patients from controls.Results:A total of 101 ALS patients with lower limb involvement and 110 controls with normal lower limb muscle strength were collected. Among the 101 ALS patients with lower limb involvement, strength of ankle plantarflexors was greater than that of ankle dorsiflexors in 35.64% (36/101) patients, strength of ankle dorsiflexors was greater than that of ankle plantarflexors in 5.94% (6/101) patients, and strength of ankle plantarflexors and ankle dorsiflexors was equal in 58.42% (59/101) patients. Strength of hallux dorsiflexors was lower than that of hallux plantarflexors in 53.47% (54/101) patients, strength of hallux dorsiflexors was greater than that of hallux plantarflexors in 1.98% (2/101) patients, and the strength of hallux dorsiflexors and hallux plantarflexors was equal in 44.55% (45/101) patients. The incidence of split leg was negatively correlated with age ( OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.16-0.40, P<0.05), course of disease ( OR=0.52, 95% CI 0.38-0.80 P<0.05) and ALS functional revised scores ( OR=0.29, 95% CI 0.12-0.67, P<0.05). The incidence of split foot was negatively correlated with the onset time of lower limb symptoms ( OR=0.96, 95% CI 0.93-0.99, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the differences of the decrease of CMAP amplitude in the common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve [the common peroneal nerve (6.45±2.56) mV vs (3.63±1.83) mV, tibial nerve (12.87±4.72) mV vs (9.18±6.22) mV] were statistically significant ( t=-4.65, t=-3.44, both P<0.001) and the differences of the peroneal nerve/tibial nerve CMAP amplitude ratio (0.54±0.24 vs 0.36±0.18) decrease was statistically significant ( t=-4.31, P<0.001) in patients with split foot. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve of CMAP amplitude ratio of common peroneal nerve/tibial nerve in ALS patients with split foot was 0.70, indicating that the accuracy of CMAP amplitude of common peroneal nerve/tibial nerve in distinguishing ALS patients from controls was low. Conclusions:In ALS patients with lower limb involvement, strength of ankle dorsiflexors is weaker than that of ankle plantarflexors, and strength of hallux dorsiflexors is weaker than that of hallux plantarflexors. At the diagnostic level, the CMAP amplitude ratio of common peroneal nerve/tibial nerve in ALS patients with split foot has a lower accuracy in the diagnosis of ALS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the factors related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children.Methods:Clinical data of 370 children who underwent 24h multi-channel impedance-pH monitoring (24h MII-pH) in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2015 to December 2020 were enrolled in the study. The children were divided into GERD group ( n=202)and non-GERD group ( n=168) according to results of 24h MII-pH. The relationship of sex, age, body mass index (BMI), disease course, peripheral blood eosinophils count, IgE, Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection, hiatus hernia of patients with GERD was analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:In GERD group 124 were males and 78 were females with a mean age of (6.4±4.1) years (2 months to 16.75 years), and in non-GERD group 82 were males and 86 were females with a mean age of (8.0±3.5) years (10 months to 15.17 years). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that sex( OR=0.600,95% CI:0.396-0.908, P=0.016), age ( OR=0.537,95% CI:0.412-0.699, P<0.001)and hiatus hernia( OR=7.433,95% CI:2.567-21.520, P<0.001)were significantly associated with GERD of the children. Multivariate analysis showed that hiatus hernia ( OR=4.023,95% CI:1.298-12.470, P=0.016) was the independent risk factor, while male gender ( OR=0.567,95% CI:0.367-0.874, P=0.010) and younger age ( OR=0.613, 95%CI:0.459-0.819, P=0.001 ) were related factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children. Conclusion:Sex, age, and hiatal hernia are factors related to GERD in children.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of objective-based teaching combined with Roy adaptive situational teaching in emergency nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 110 nursing students who were assigned to Emergency Department of Xijing Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, as interns were selected and divided into control group and observation group according to the order of admission, with 55 students in each group. The students in the control group received traditional teaching, while those in the observation group received objective-based teaching combined with Roy adaptive situational teaching. The two groups were evaluated in terms of the assessment score of situational simulation and the ability for emergency medicine and treatment. SPSS 22.0 was used to perform the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:For the nursing students in the observation group, the mean scores of theoretical knowledge objective, skill objective, and attitude objective were (9.09±1.21) points, (13.98±1.87) points, and (9.32±0.95) points, respectively, and for those in the control group, the mean scores of these objectives were (8.41±1.17) points, (12.43±1.72) points, and (8.72±0.83) points, respectively, suggesting that compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly higher mastery degree of the teaching objectives (theoretical knowledge objective, skill objective, and attitude objective) ( P < 0.05). The observation group had significantly better abilities for emergency medicine and treatment than the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Objective-based teaching combined with Roy adaptive situational teaching can be used in emergency nursing teaching and may help to improve the theoretical and practical skills of nursing students and cultivate the abilities for emergency medicine and treatment.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 381-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015333

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship hetween obesity indexes and body fat rate in Naxi a d u l t s. Methods A total of 687 Naxi adults aged between 18 and 90 were selected from Yulong County, Lijiang City, Yunnan Province. Body weight, height, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, suprailiac skinfold, anterior superior spine skinfold, body mass index (BMI), visceral fat index and body fat percentage were measured by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis. And the indexes and body fat percentage were statistically analyzed. Results The average body fat percentage of Naxi men was normal, while the women was obese. According to the criteria of visceral fat index, the average visceral fat index of Naxi men and women was within the normal range. According to the waist circumference, the waist circumference of Naxi men was within the normal range, while the waist circumference of women belonged to abdominal obesity. Correlation analysis showed that body weight, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, suprailiac skinfold, anterior superior iliac spine skinfold, BMI, visceral fat index were positively correlated with body fat percentage among Naxi adults. There was the strongest correlation between visceral fat index and body fat percentage in Naxi men, followed by BMI; Naxi women' s chest circumference and body fat percentage, followed by waist circumference. Conclusion All the obesity indexes of Naxi adults are positively correlated with body fat percentage, and there are gender, regional and ethnic differences in the degree of correlation.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 374-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015330

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the predicted value of three different obesity indicators of on center obesity of Naxi and Pumi adult in Lijiang City, Yunnan Province; To calculate the best cut-off point of waist-to-height ratio(WHtR), body mass index(BMI) and abdominal volume index(AVT); And to compare the differences of BMI and WHtR between the Naxi, Pumi and North-South ethnic groups, so as to provide scientific reference for central obesity and related diseases. Methods By random sampling, 658 cases of Naxi adults (278 cases for men and 380 cases for women) and 496 cases of Pumi adults (2 1 6 cases for men and 280 cases for women) were selected as the subjects of the study, taking the internationally recognized visceral fat level (V F L) as the diagnostic criterion of central obesity, the relationship between WHtR, BMI, AVI and VFL was discussed by regression analysis, and the value of three obesity indicators was predicted by comparing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the subjects. Using Excel 2019 to draw diagrams and SPSS 23. 0 to process data. Results The six indicators of age, weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and AVI of Naxi and Pumi men were statistically significant among different ethnic groups (P < 0 . 05); Naxi and Pumi women' s age, height, waist circumference, WHtR, BMI and abdominal volume index, the six indicators were statistically significant among different ethnic groups (P < 0 . 0 1) . Correlation analysis showed that the three indicators of WHtR, BMI and AVI were positively related to VFL (P< 0 . 0 1) . The ROC showed that the WHtR had the highest value for predicting central obesity in Naxi and Pumi men (P<0. 01), BMI had the highest value of predicting central obesity in Naxi and Pumi women (P<0. 0 1) . Cluster analysis showed that Naxi and Pumi males were similar to southern ethnic groups such as Lisu and Sui, Naxi females were similar to Zang and Jingpo, and Pumi females were similar to southern ethnic groups such as Lisu and Sui. Conclusion WHtR, BMI, AVI to determine central obesity are statistically significant, can be combined with BMI and AVI to determine Naxi, Pumi central obesity.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1190-1195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014033

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the role of angiotensin U type 1 a reeeptor ( AT 1 aR ) , an important component of HAS, in obesity-induced insulin resistance.Methods Wild type ( WT) and ATlaR gene knockout (ATlaR ) SD rats were fed with normal diet and 60% high-fat diet for 12 weeks, respectively.After 12 weeks, blood was collected from the abdominal aorta of rats to obtain serum, and the serum insulin level was measured by ELISA.The epididvmal adipose tissue was obtained, and gene expressions of peroxisome pro- liferator-activated receptor -y ( PPAR7) and sterol reg¬ulator}' element binding protein lc (SREBP-lc) in ad¬ipose tissue were detected by RT-PCR method.The protein expressions of insulin signaling pathway and protein kinase C (PKC) in adipose tissue were detec¬ted by Western blot.Results ATI aR knockout signif¬icantly reduced HOMA-IR and improved insulin resist¬ance induced by high-fat diet.In ATlaR rats fed with high-fat, the protein expressions of insulin signa¬ling pathway were much higher than those of WT rats, indicating that ATlaR gene knockout improved the in¬sulin signaling pathway in high-fat diet.In addition, the PKCa, PKCe and PKCr| expressions of ATlaR rats were significantly lower than those of WT rats.And the gene expressions of PPAR-y and SREBP-lc, which promoted adipogenic differentiation, significantly increased in ATlaR rats fed with a high-fat diet, demonstrating that ATlaR knockout promoted adipo¬genic differentiation.Conclusions ATlaR knockout significantly improves high-fat diet induced 1R by en¬hancing protein expressions of insulin signaling path¬way, inhibiting PKC expression and promoting adipo¬genic differentiation.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1572-1578, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014002

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the ameliorative effects of Rosa roxburghii Tratt on hyperlipidemia and investigate the underlying mechanism by using experimental validation and network pharmacology.Methods The therapeutic effect of Rosa roxburghii Tratt on hyperlipidemia was investigated by constructing a hyperlipidemic rat model and measuring the serum lipid index and liver pathological changes.The literature search method was used to obtain active ingredients and targets of Rosa roxburghii Tratt,the target gene was collected from GeneCards,OMIM,DrugBank database,then generated herbal-active ingredient-potential target networks and protein-protein interactions(PPI)networks.The target GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were analyzed by DAVID software.Molecular docking was carried out using AutoDock.Results Rosa roxburghii Tratt could significantly improve dyslipidemia and liver pathological damage in hyperlipidemic rats.Network pharmacology results showed that RXRA,AKT1,ESR1,PIK3R1 were key targets of Rosa roxburghii Tratt to lower blood lipids.Molecular docking showed that Roxburic acid and α-linolenic acid had good binding to RXRA,AKT1,ESR1,and PIK3R1.Conclusions Combined with pharmacodynamic experiments and network pharmacology-molecular docking,the therapeutic effect and possible mechanism of action of Rosa roxburghii Tratt on hyperlipidemia are preliminarily explored,which provides a certain basis for the in-depth study of pharmacodynamic substance basis,mechanism of action and clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with pulmonary nodules are treated by minimally invasive surgery, and postoperative symptoms have become the main factors affecting patients' emotion and quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the changes of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of eighty-eight lung cancer patients admitted to the same medical group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from June 2021 to September 2021 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The types and severity of clinical symptoms before operation, on discharge day, 30-day and 90-day after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients was 79.5%, and most patients suffered from mild (54.3%) and moderate (32.9%) symptoms. The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients were pain (55.7%) and cough (37.2%). The incidence of pain at discharge (55.7%) was significantly higher than that at 30-day (23.7%, P=0.01) and 90-day (12.0%, P=0.01) after discharge. The incidence of cough was significantly higher at 30-day (66.1%) and 90-day (66.0%) than that at discharge (37.2%) (P=0.01, P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules are pain and cough. The incidence and severity of pain decreases with time, and the incidence of cough increases but the severity decreased gradually.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cough/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pain/etiology , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/adverse effects
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939510

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on the regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and inflammatory factors by multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) in rats with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of moxibustion on IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Twelve of 52 newborn rats were randomly selected into a normal group. The remaining rats were made into IBS-D model. A total of 36 rats with successful model were randomly divided into a model group, a medication group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the medication group were intraperitoneally injected with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC). The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37) for 20 min each time. All the intervention was given once a day for 7 days. Before and after modeling as well as after intervention, the body mass, loose stool rate and the minimum volume threshold of abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) were measured. After intervention, the contents of serum tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-8 were detected by ELISA method; the morphology of colon tissues was observed by HE staining, and the expressions of miR-155, miR-125b, miR-29b, miR-31, miR-18a and NF-κB p65 mRNA in colon tissues were detected by real-time PCR. The expressions of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 protein in colon tissues were detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold of AWR in the model group were lower than those in the normal group (P<0.01); the rates of loose stool in the model group were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.01); after intervention, in the model group, the inflammatory infiltration of colon tissues was obvious, and the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1 β, IL-8 were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05); the expression of miR-155, miR-125b, miR-29b, miR-31, miR-18a and NF-κB p65 mRNA in colon tissues was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.05); the protein expression of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8 was also higher than that in the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold of AWR in the medication group and the moxibustion group were both higher than those in the model group (P<0.05); the loose stool rate in the medication group and the moxibustion group were lower than those in model group (P<0.05); the inflammatory cells infiltration in the colon tissues was less, the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 as well as the protein expression of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 in the colon tissues in the medication group and the moxibustion group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of miR-125b, miR-31, miR-18a and NF-κB p65 mRNA in the medication group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.05). The expression of miR-155, miR-125b, miR-29b, miR-31, miR-18a and NF-κB p65 mRNA in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.05). The miR-155, miR-125b, miR-29b, miR-31, miR-18a were positively correlated with NF-κB p65 mRNA (0<r<1, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The anti-inflammatory mechanism of moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37) for IBS-D rats may be related to regulating multiple miRNAs to inhibit NF-κB signal pathway and reduce the expression of inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diarrhea/therapy , Interleukin-8/genetics , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , MicroRNAs/genetics , Moxibustion , NF-kappa B/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936467

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemic characteristics of dengue fever in Mengla County and provide basis for scientific prevention and control of dengue fever. MethodsWe collected the case information of dengue fever in Mengla County reported by the infectious disease reporting information system of China Center for Disease Control and prevention from January 1 to December 31, 2019 and the case field investigation records. The case data were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. ResultsIn 2019, Mengla County reported 369 cases of dengue fever, all of which were unclassified, including 354 clinically diagnosed cases, 15 confirmed cases, 6 severe cases, and there was no deaths. The annual incidence rate was 120.98/105. Mengla Town had the most cases (145 cases, 39.30%) followed by 63 cases (17.07%) in Mengpeng Town. The reported cases were mainly local cases (65.85%). The ratio of male to female was 1.25∶1. The age distribution was mainly in the group of 21‒60 years old (82.38%). Farmers (112 cases, 30.35%) and business service providers (85 cases, 23.04%) were the majority. The annual cases were distributed from May to November, of which the most were reported in September, and the number of cases reported from July to October accounts for 93.22% of all cases. ConclusionMengla County is still a high incidence area of dengue fever in Yunnan Province, and the vector Aedes is widespread. It is suggested to strengthen mosquito prevention and control in the epidemic season, actively carry out patriotic health campaign, carry out special rectification of the environment in rural areas, and conduct effective public education.

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