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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 751-757, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911788

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease, but due to the lack of reliable biomarkers, the clinical diagnosis of PD is challenging. Molecular imaging technology is a new technology which combines molecular biology technology with modern medical imaging. In recent years, the role of molecular imaging technology in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PD has been supported by more and more evidences, which can provide an important basis for the early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PD. Although the research results of molecular imaging in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PD are increasing, the clinical application is still insufficient. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the research status of molecular imaging technology, and explore the future development direction, in order to make more rational use of this technology and better serve the clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the location of the conus medullaris termination (CMT) in children under the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:The children, aged 1 day to 15 yr, underwent MRI performed on the lumbosacral spine, were retrospectively analyzed.The CMT corresponding to the position of vertebral body was sequentially numbered.Each vertebral body was divided into upper (U), middle (M), and lower 1/3 unit (L), while the intervertebral disc was considered as an independent segment.From top to bottom of vertebral body, T 12-U1/3 was marked as 0, T 12-M1/3 was marked as 1, T 12-L1/3 was marked as 2, and T 12-L 1 was marked as 3, respectively.The children including male group and female group were divided into different age groups: <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr.The children were divided into male group (M group) and female group (F group) according to gender, and the positions of CMT were compared. Results:A total of 231 children were enrolled in this study, including 122 males and 109 females, aged (4±4) yr.The corresponding number for the position of CMT in children aged <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr was 7.3±2.0, 7.3±2.3, 6.4±1.8, 6.5±2.6, 5.4±2.2, 5.5±1.8, and 5.0±1.8, respectively.There was no statistically significant difference in the position of CMT between group M and group F ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The corresponding number for the position of CMT is 7.3, 7.3, 6.4, 6.5, 5.4, 5.5 and 5.0 in children aged <1 month, 1-5 months, 6-11 months, 1 yr, 2-4 yr, 5-9 yr and 10-15 yr, respectively.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 215-218, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751384

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive. Methods One APL patient with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive who was diagnosed by using morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology and multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization in Changhai Hospital in November 2014 was retrospectively analyzed, and the patient was induced with retinoic acid and treated with DA (daunorubicin + cytarabine) regimen, followed by 4 courses of cytarabine consolidation therapy. Results Abnormal promyelocyte accounted for 0.64 by morphology. And the group of cells expressed myeloperoxidase (MPO), CD13, CD15, CD117, and CD7, CD11c, CD79a, CD123 weakly expressed or not by immunophenotype analysis; karyotype analysis showed 45, XY, t(5;17), 7p-,-16[8]/46, idem,+20[5]/45, idem,-8,+20[2]/46, XY[5]; the fusion gene screening showed that the expression level of NPM_RARα was 416.98% compared with that of APL; molecular complete remission was obtained after the consolidation therapy, but the patient relapsed after 34 months. Finally, the patient died of abnormal coagulation and respiratory failure, with overall survival of 35 months. Conclusion APL with NPM_RARα fusion gene positive is a rare type of acute leukemia, and the main treatment method is retinoic acid combined with myeloid chemotherapy regimen, which has a favorable efficacy but a poor prognosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711879

ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) base on OCT with an algorithm that can image a high-resolution picture of retinal circulation. OCTA has allowed quantifying the characteristic lesions of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in early stage, such as fovea avascular zone, retinal vascular density and the counts of retinal microaneurysm. In addition, OCTA can objectively evaluate the progression and prognosis of DR in late stage through imaging involved retinal neovascularization. Understanding OCT angiography features of DR lesions with different course of the disease may provide reference value for the diagnosis and treatment of DR.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696084

ABSTRACT

Scientifically elucidating the mode of action of Chinese medicine has become an urgent challenge to Chinese medicine researchers.Opinions on the mode of Chinese medicine effect are active.The scientific hypothesis that additive effect is the key mode of action for Chinese medicine,trigger the scholars and experts in pharmacology field of Chinese medicine to think and contend.The opinion of additive effect provides a new interpretation for mode of action and action characteristics of Chinese medicine.It plays a positive role in the development of pharmacology of Chinese medicine.According to current research results of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and clinical cases,this paper made further thinking and summary on the key mode of action for Chinese medicine.The summary is as follows.The diversity of Chinese medicine structure and complexity of Chinese medicine targets determine the complicated mode of action of Chinese medicine.Mode of action for Chinese medicine is complex and variable,which is to adapt to changes in the environment.The genetic diversity of the body receptors due to evolution and the diversity of Chinese medicine and biological complex network control system have determined that a single component of Chinese medicine is more likely to act synergistically by targeting on different targets.From the point of view of Monarch,Minister,Assistant and Guide theory of Chinese medicine,additive effect has limitation.Therefore,just using additive effect is unable to fully explain the Chinese medicine compatible regularity of Monarch,Minister,Assistant and Guide theory.Additive effect is one of action types for Chinese medicine.It is worth to consider if there has any other more important action type for Chinese medicine.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1195-1199, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614297

ABSTRACT

The interferons(IFNs) are a family of the multifunctional cytokines, which are a kind of highly active and multifunctional glycoproteins.Studies in recent years have shown that IFNs exert a powerful antitumor effect by regulating the proliferation of tumor cells, suppressing tumor metastasis and angiogenesis, and activating antitumor immune response.Combined with other tumor treatment methods, it can inhibit the development of a variety of blood system tumors and solid tumors.In addition, the use of IFNs inducers or IFNs combined with emerging immunotherapy can significantly increase the effectiveness of tumor therapy.This review focuses on our understanding of antitumor mechanism and clinical application of IFNs, and provides some guidance for future research and clinical treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1114-1117, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507850

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the types of γ?aminobutyric acid type A ( GABAA ) receptors in neurons in brain tissues at the target of anesthetic action of isoflurane in mice. Methods Two mouse strains were developed that were either sensitive or resistant to isoflurane. One hundred isoflurane?sensitive ICR∕CD?1 mice ( 50 males, 50 females) and 100 isoflurane?resistant ICR∕CD?1 mice ( 50 males, 50 fe?males) , aged 65-70 days, were used in this study. Brain tissues were obtained, and total RNA was ex?tracted and then reverse transcribed to cDNA using AMV reverse transcriptase. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the cDNA sequences. Chi?square analysis was used to compare the cDNA sequence of each GABAA receptor subunit between two strains. Results The cDNA sequence of GABAA receptor sub?units α1?6 , β2,3 andγ1?3 in isoflurane?sensitive strain was completely consistent with that in isoflurane?resist?ant strain. A single nucleotide polymorphism at the nucleotide position 462 ( C∕G) in the β1 sequence was found. The allele C frequencies were 11.0% and 87.0% in isoflurane?sensitive strain and isoflurane?resistant strain, respectively. Compared with isoflurane?sensitive strain, the allele C frequency in cDNA sequences of β1 subunit was significantly increased in isoflurane?resistant strain ( P<0.01) . Conclusion β1 subunit?containing GABAA receptor in neurons in brain tissues is the target of anesthetic action of isoflurane in mice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486857

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation combined with homemade liquid fluorocarbon nanoparticles on cervical cancer in nude mice.Methods The cell experiment was divided into three groups:a,control group;b,HIFU group;c, HIFU + PFB nanoparticle group,and the viability of cells was detected using CCK-8 reagent.The mice were also divided into three groups:A,0.9% NaCI group;B,HIFU + 0.9% NaCI group;C,HIFU + PFB nanoparticle group. The tumors were removed and underwent triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) staining,and the necrosis area was measured.Histopathological changes of the tumors were examined by light microscopy.Results After HIFU irradiation,the viability rate of group c was (40.5 ±9.7)%,it was lower than that of group b (77.7 ±8.5)% (P <0.05) and that of group a(100 ±4.8)% (P <0.05). TTC staining of tumor showed a large scale of necrotic tissue in group C.The necrosis ratio of the three groups was 0%,(34.14±12.2)% and (65.97 ±25.1)%,respectively (P <0.05).HE staining showed karyorrhexis or an absence of nuclei in group B and group C,which demonstrated the coagulation necrosis. Conclusions HIFU ablation combined with liquid fluorocarbon nanoparticles can effectively treat the xenograft model of the human cervical carcinoma in nude mice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD) and ethical decision-making in nurses suffered workplace violence, and analyze the relmionship between them. Methods Totally 340 nurses suffered workplace violence were questionnaired by the PTSD Scale and the Ethical Decision- making Scale. Results The incidence rate of PTSD was 17.06%(58/340), the total score of PTSD was (38.77± 13.57).The scores of ideal ethical practice, actual ethical practice and ethical decision- making in the PTSD group were 121.36±8.33, 105.56±7.76, 226.92±15.52, and were significantly lower than that in the non-PTSD group (140.60±9.01, 117.65±8.41, 258.27±16.73) (t=-14.996, -10.015, -13.153, P < 0.01). The score of PTSD was negtively correlated with the scores of ideal ethical practice, actual ethical practice and ethical decision- making (r=-0.415, -0.431,-0.420, P < 0.05). Conclusions The PTSD probably occurred after workplace violence, nursing administrators should pay close attention to the PTSD and therefore improve nurses′ethical decision-making.

10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 737-740, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476672

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efifcacy and safety of bivalirudin on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 159 patients with acute STEMI treated by emergent PCI in our hospital from 2011-09 to 2014-01 were retrospectively studied. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to procedural bivalirudin application as Bivalirudin group and Heparin group, and the application of GPI (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor) was decided by the operator. The baseline condition, coronary artery imaging condition, peri-operative and 30-day post-operative bleeding, the occurrence rate of MACE were compared between 2 groups. Results: There were 153 patients completed the follow-up study including 72 in Bivalirudin group and 81 in Heparin group. The peri-operative bleeding rates in Bivalirudin group and Heparin group were 6.5% vs 11.0%, the in-stent thrombosis rates were 0% vs 1.2%, 30-day post-operative bleeding rates were 9.7% vs 13.5% and the occurrence of MACE were 1.4% vs 7.4% allP>0.05. Conclusion: THE application of bivalirudin in emergent PCI is safe and effective in patients with acute STEMI, it has certain trend to reduce bleeding in relevant patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1465-1468, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413750

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the ultrasound imaging findings of anatomical relationship between femoral artery and vein in children of different ages.Methods Sixty-five children aged 4 months-7 years were enrolled in this study.The children were divided into 3 age groups: group Ⅰ< 1 yr;group Ⅱ 1-3 yr and group Ⅲ> 3,≤ 7 yr.A protable ultrasound machine was used.The probe was placed at the level of inguinal ligament and 2 and 4 cm below inguinal ligament.The children were placed in supine position.The legs were placed in 2 positions:(1)extended and in standard anatomical position and(2)flexed and 45° abducted and 45° laterally rotated.Results The examination showed that at the level of inguinal ligament,the femoral vein lay behind and lateral to femoral artery in 91% of children.At the level of 4 cm below inguinal ligament,the femoral vein lay posterior and lateral to the femoral artery in all children.When the leg was placed in abducted and laterally rotated,the depth of femoral vein was reduced and the vein was less overlapped by artery in all children,especially in preschool children.Conclusion At the level of 4 cm below inguinal ligament,the femoral vein lies posterior and lateral to the femoral artery in children.When the leg is placed in abducted and laterally rotated,the depth of femoral vein is reduced and the vein is less overlapped by artery.It is indicated that femoral vein puncture should be performed at the level of 4 cm below inguinal ligament with the leg flexed and abducted in all children,especially in preschool children.

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