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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620912

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with gabapentin for treatment of recurrent pain after trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation.Methods Forty patients of both sexes suffering from recurrent pain after trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation,who refused surgical treatment,aged 45-80 yr,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,with visual analog scale score ≥4,with the course of recurrent pain 0.5-17.0 months,were randomized into 2 groups (n =20 each) using a random number table:gabapentin group (group A) and gabapentin plus rTMS group (group B).The patients were treated with 2 courses of rTMS in total (5 days for 1 course,1 time per day) and with the second course at a 2-day interval in group B.Effective analgesia and pain relief were recorded within 6 months after treatment,and the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated according to the modified Macnab criteria.The daily consumption of gabapentin and development of rTMS-and gabapentin-related adverse reactions were recorded.Results No rTMS-related adverse reactions were found in group B.Compared with group A,the rates of effective analgesia and pain relief were significantly increased,the therapeutic efficacy was enhanced,the daily consumption of gabapentin was decreased,and the incidence of gabapentin-related adverse reactions was decreased in group B (P<0.05).Conclusion Combination of rTMS and gabapentin produces better efficacy than gabapentin alone when used to treat the recurrent pain after trigeminal radiofrequency thermocoagulation,and the safety is good.

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1621-1623, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511941

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative effect of cervicogenic headache(CEH)treatment through the combination of pulse radio frequency(PRF)on the C2 dorsal rootganglion and continuous epidural space block.Methods Sixty patients with CEH in our hospital were randomly divided into groups A and B,30 cases in each group.The group A was treated with combination of PRF on cervical dorsal root ganglion and continuous epidural space block.The group B was treated with PRF on cervical dorsal root ganglion method.The pain VAS scores before treatment and at 1 week,3,6 months after treatment were compared between the two groups.Results Compared with pretreatment,the VSA scores at 1 week,3,6 wonths after treatment in the two groups had statistical difference(P<0.05),moreover,the VAS score decrease in the group A was better than the group B.All the patients had no nerve and artery injury or infection complications.Conclusion It is safe and effective to treat cervical CEH through the combination of ganglion PRF on the cervical 2 dorsal root and continuous epidural space block.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3194-3196, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503312

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between electrical stimulus intensity and postopera-tive complications of puncture trigeminal ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PTGRT). Methods 86 pa-tients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) on the second and the third branch underwent trigeminal ganglion radiofre-quency thermocoagulation in Xuanwu Hospital , Capital Medical University from June 2013 to December 2015 enrolled in this study. Electrical stimulus intensity in surgery and postoperative pain VAS score , numbness score, masseter muscles score and complications were recorded at 0, 24 and 48 hours post-surgery. Correlations among electrical stimulus intensity in surgery and postoperative pain VAS score,numbness score, masseter mus-cles score were analyzed. Result The 86 patients had different degrees of facial numbness , some patients had different degrees of masseter weakness , and 2 patients had mild sialorrhea in two days after PTGRT without serve complications. Eighty-three patients (96.51%) had no pain, and VAS score wass 0 at 0, 24 and 48 hours post-PTGRT. Electrical stimulus intensity in surgery had apparent negative correlation with numbness score at 0 , 24 and 48 hours popst-PTGRT (P < 0.01), with negative correlation with masseter muscles decreasing at 48 hours post-PTGRT (P < 0.05). Conclusion Suitable temperature and time in PTGRT were needed to be chose ac-cording to the electrical stimulus intensity.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455704

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Disposcope endoscope for tracheal intubation in patients with difficult glottis exposure.Methods Sixty adult patients of both sexes,aged 22-68 yr,scheduled for elective oro-tracheal intubation under general anesthesia,whose glottis was not visible under Macintosh laryngoscope (grade Ⅲ or according to Cormach-Lehane Grading of laryngoscopic view),were randomized into 2 groups (n =30 each) using a random number table:group Macintosh laryngoscope-assisted Disposcope endoscope (group DM) and group Disposcope endoscope (group D).The glottis exposure condition and time,intubation condition and time,assisted lifting mandible,laryngeal mucosa bleeding and postoperative sore throat and hoarseness were recorded.Results The success rate of intubation at second attempt achieved 100% in the two groups.Compared with group DM,the incidence of assisted lifting mandible was decreased,and no significant changes were found in the success rate of glottis exposure,glottis exposure time,intubation time,success rate of intubation at first attempt,incidence of laryngeal mucosa bleeding,and postoperative sore throat and hoarseness in group D.Conclusion Disposcope endoscope can improve the condition for tracheal intubation significantly after lifting mandible in patients with difficult glottis exposure.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634807

ABSTRACT

Radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) of the gasserian ganglion is a routine and effective technique for the treatment of classical trigeminal neuralgia (CTN). In this study we compared its efficacy in patients with CTN and atypically symptomatic or mixed trigeminal neuralgia (MTN). Fifty-seven patients were treated with RFT for trigeminal neuralgia from June 2006 to February 2009. Thirty patients had CTN, and 27 had MTN. Outcomes were measured by using the visual analog pain scale (VAS) and patients' reports of quality of life (QOL), medication usage, and complications over a follow-up period of up to 3 years. Our results showed that the patients with MTN were younger, tended to have bilaterial involvement of the first division, and were unresponsive to treatment. All surgeries were completed smoothly. About 86.7% CTN patients and 48.1% MTN patients responded immediately to RFT. The VAS scores were significantly higher in the CTN group than in MTN group (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year pain relief rates were 76.7%, 73.3%, and 73.3% in the CTN group and 46.6%, 41.4%, and 41.4% in the MTN group, respectively. The rates of pain relief for both groups leveled off at 2 years. Complications included numbness, dysesthesia, and anesthesia dolorosa. RFT did not cause any deaths and complications were low. The treatment was very effective for CTN and, to some degrees, effective for MTN. If numbness, dysesthesia, and anesthesia dolorosa are limited to the trigger area, QOL will be greatly improved.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 556-559, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393827

ABSTRACT

A growing body of research concerns about the mental psychological intervention involved in the treatment of chronic pain. It still continue reported that combining with mental psychological intervention in pain management could relieve pain level, therefore improve quality of lives. Common psychological intervention including psychological and pharmacological approach and psychological behavior approach both support their efficacy

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593035

ABSTRACT

Radiofrequency thermocoagulation technique,as a maturity procedure,has been used routinely for trigeminal neuralgia.Radiofrequency thermocoagulation has high rates of pain relief,a long duration of pain relief,and few serious perioperative complications.This technique very suits for old patients or patients with cardiovascular diseases.The common complications include numbness,absence of corneal reflex,and master weakness.Keratitis,dysesthesia and dolorosa greatly affect patients’ quality of life.Radiofrequency thermocoagulation is an effective and promising method in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.Practitioner should pay attention to pain relief and reducing complications and this will help to improve their quality of life.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590580

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Discogenic pain is a major cause of chronic low back pain,and its inflammation mechanism that is participated by many cytokines is well known by more and more people. However,what is the role of these cytokines in the occurrence and development of pain and how we use them to control pain are still not consistent. OBJECTIVE:To completely learn about the pathogenesis of intervertebral disk herniation,the relative cytokines in the occurrence and development of pain and the advances in the treatment of chronic pain with cytokines. RETRIEVE STRATEGY:A computer-based online search of CNKD was undertaken to identify the relevant articles dated from January 1994 to June 2007 with the Chinese of "cytokine,pain". And totally 153 articles were collected. Meanwhile,PubMed database was searched for English articles published from January 2002 to June 2007 with the keywords of "gene,chronic pain" and 36 were collected. The articles that involved the basic and clinical researches closely related with cytokine were selected. Repetitive articles were excluded. After the trail,6 Chinese and 24 English articles were involved. LITERATURE EVALUATION:Of the 30 articles,10 were focused on the basic research and animal experiment,and 20 were about clinical research. There were 7 of RCT,1 of EBM review,10 of summary analysis,2 of case report,and 10 of experience exchange. DATA SYNTHESIS:The mechanisms of discogenic pain include inflammation and immune ones besides mechanical pressure. Inflammation mechanism of discogenic pain is well known by more and more people,in which many cytokines such as substance P,phospholipase A2,tumor necrosis factor,interleukin,growth factor and NO participate. Meanwhile,the role of immunities should not be ignored. Some researchers have used some cytokines(interleukin 1 receptor antagonist,vascular endothelial growth factor,etc) in clinic to treat pains and got good effect. CONCLUSION:The mechanism of pain and various effects of pain-killer are based on gene. Cytokines play important roles in the occurrence,development and treatment of discogenic pain.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524204

ABSTRACT

Objective Percutaneous puncture of gasserian ganglion was guided by CT scan to improve the accuracy and reduce complications and to compare the efficacy of chemical mutilation with ethyl alcohol and adriamycin.Methods Ninety-two patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (39 males, 53 females) aged 37-84 yrs were divided into two groups : A ethyl alcohol group ( n = 47) and B adriamycin group ( n = 45) . Secondary trigeminal neuralgia was excluded by preoperative CT scan. Percutaneous puncture of oval foramen was guided by CT and correct location of needle tip was confirmed by injection of contrast medium. 100% ethyl alcohol 0.5ml (group A) or 2% adriamycin 0.5ml was injected.Results The patients were followed up for 12 months after treatment. Neuralgia disappeared in 31 out of 47 patients in group A (alcohol group) and in 36 out of 45 patients in group B (adriomycin group) . Treatment failed in 13 patients in group A and 6 patients in group B, and was partly effective in the other patients. There were no severe side effects or complications. Conclusion Percutaneous puncture of gasserian ganglion guided by CT is effective and reduces complications. Adriamycin is more effective than ethyl alcohol for chemical mutilation.

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