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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865928

ABSTRACT

At present, a common lack of basic scientific research training in the undergraduate education is one of the reasons restricting the innovation ability of undergraduates. Cultivating scientific research ability of undergraduates is one of the effective ways to improve the undergraduate professional education as well as the innovation ability. Therefore, after exploration and summary for years, we have formed a relatively mature new mode that cultivates the undergraduates' comprehensive abilities in scientific research, namely, the training system of scientific research ability of medical undergraduates guided by literature reading. It has improved the basic scientific quality and innovation ability of medical undergraduates in our university, and trained a group of outstanding undergraduates who have obtained various achievements, contributing to the construction of excellent postgraduate talents in our university. In addition, it is also an effective and feasible new teaching mode.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733998

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of mindfulness on sleep and the mediating role of resilience.Methods A total of 540 medical staff in a three first-class hospital were assessed by five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ),Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) and Connor-Davidson resilience scale(CD-RISC).Results The average PSQI scores of medical staff was (6.67±3.20),of which the total score was equal or above 8 accounting for 37.04%.The positive rate of each factor of PSQI (factor score ≥2) was 51.67% for daytime function,37.22% for sleeping time,and 24.07% for subjective sleep quality.The total score of PSQI was (6.67±3.20),the score of FFMQ was (119.55±9.90),and the score of CDRISC was (59.50± 12.77).PSQI was negatively correlated with FFMQ and CD-RISC (r=-0.29,-0.24;both P<0.01),and there was a significant positive correlation between FFMQ and CD-RISC (r=0.48,P<0.01).The factors of FFMQ associated with CD-RISC were followed by the description of mindfulness,the action of awareness,the non-reaction and the observation of mindfulness.The multi-linear regression analysis showed that resilience played a part mediating role between mindfulness and sleep quality,with a mediating effect of 20.9%.Conclusion Mindfulness has a positive impact on the quality of sleep of medical staff through resilience.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1082-1085, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469930

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal water soluble lipopolymer (WSLP)/ N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2B (NR2B) siRNA compound on the neuropathic pain (NP) in rats.Methods Eighty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 6 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomly divided into 7 groups (n =12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sham operation group (group S),NP group,WSLP/NR2B siRNA group (siWSLP group),WSLP/negative control siRNA group (ncWSLP group),PEI/NR2B siRNA group (PEI group) and WSLP group (WSLP group).NP was produced by ligation of the left L5 spinal nerve.In group S,the left L5 spinal nerve was only exposed,but not ligated.In group C,the rats underwent no treatment.Groups siWSLP,ncWSLP,PEI and WSLP received single intraperitoneal injection of WSLP/NR2B siRNA,WSLP/negative control siRNA,PEI/NR2B siRNA and WSLP compound 2 ml,respectively,at 10 days after NP.At 1 day before operation,7 days after operation,and 3,7,14 and 21 days after intraperitoneal injection,6 rats in each group were chosen randomly to measure mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL).At 3 days after intraperitoneal injection,the left 6 rats in each group were sacrificed and the spinal cord was removed for detection of NP2B mRNA expression (using PCR) and NR2B expression (by Western blot).Results Compared with group C,MWT was significantly decreased,and TWL was shortened on 7 days after operation and 3,7 and 21 days after intraperitoneal injection,and the expression of NR2B mRNA and protein was down-regulated on 3 days after administration in the other groups.Compared with group NP,MWT was significantly increased,and TWL was prolonged on day 3 and 7 after intraperitoneal injection,and the expression of NR2B mRNA and protein was down-regulated on day 3 after administration in siWSLP group.Conclusion Intraperitoneal WSLP/NR2B siRNA compound can effectively relieve the NP in rats.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416814

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of NR2B small interference RNA(NR2B siRNA)carried by water-soluble lipopolymer(WSLP)for treatment of neuropathic pain in rats.Methods One hundred healthy male SD rats weighing 180-200 g were randomly divided into 5 groups(n=20 each):normal control group (group C),sham operation group(group S),neuropathic pain group(group NP),group WSLP-NR2B siRNA (group W)and group WSLP-negative NR2B siRNA(group WN).Neuropathic pain was induced by partial ligation of sciatic nenre.WSLP-NR2B siRNA complex was formed by binding WSLP and NR2B siRNA.Normal saline.WSLP-NR2B siRNA complex and WSLP-negative NR2B siRNA 20μl were injected intrathecally after operation in NP,W and WN groups respectively.Mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)and thermal withdrawal duration (TWD)were measured before(baseline)and at 3,7,14 and 21 days after operation.Ten animals in each group were sacrificed on the 3rd day after operation and the lumbar segment(L4-6)of the dorsal root ganglia was removed for determination of the expression of NR2B mRNA and protein using RT-PCR and Western blot analysis.Results Sciatic nerve ligation significantly decreased MWT and prolonged TWD and increased NR2B mRNA and protein expression in group NP as compared with group C.WSLP-NR2B siRNA complex significantly reduced sciatic nerve ligation-induced hyperalgesia and decreased NR2B mRNA and protein expression in group W as compared with group NP.Conclusion WSLP not only mediates NR2B siRNA successfully and inhibits the expression of NR2B,but also reduces neuropathic pain in rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413105

ABSTRACT

In order to supply some reference about the construction of network course of physiology, we summed up the establishing experience from the course design, construction and application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413065

ABSTRACT

Eight-year medical education is to train medical personnel with high research abi lity and innovative ability, while the experimental teaching, as an important part of physiology teaching, plays an important role in training students in observation, problem-solving skills and practical ability. This article mainly discusses our exploration and practice of teaching in physiology experiment for eight-year program medical students from teaching contents and organization of class teaching, in order to fully increase the studying enthusiasms and meet the scientific mind of these students.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559050

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the expression of complement regulatory protein CD46, CD55, and CD59 on primary murine pallium astrocytes and the effect of inflammatory factors on it in order to lay the foundation for studying the complement system in AD. Methods The primary murine astrocytes were cultured and purified. The expression of CD46, CD55, and CD59 on the levels of mRNA and protein was assayed by immunofluorescence before and after the stimulation of LPS and IFN-?. Results The expression of CD59 mRNA was confirmed, but the expression of CD46 and CD55 was indefinite. There was no significant difference between stimulation and non-stimulation groups. Immunofluorescence results indicated that CD59 was positive, while CD46 and CD55 were weakly positive. Conclusion Protectin CD59 expresses copiously on primary murine astrocytes, which presumably protects astrocytes from the lysis of complement.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678066

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene expression in the hippocampus of rats following scald burn stress and the role of N methyl D aspartate (NMDA) receptor in this change. Methods Adult male Wistar rats inflicted with 30% TBSA full thickness scalding were applied as severe scalding stress model. GR mRNA levels in the hippocampus were detected with RT PCR. Results A significant decrease of GR mRNA levels was observed in the hippocampus 2 h after the scalding stress. The decrease could be inhibited when MK 801, an NMDA receptor antagonist, was administered prior to stress, and be augmented with the administration of NMDA, an NMDA receptor agonist, but not be affected by normal saline. Conclusion NMDA receptors are involved in the scalding stress induced down regulation of GR gene expression in the rat hippocampus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678092

ABSTRACT

0.05). Spike of [Ca 2+ ]i of astrocytes was induced by acute morphine administration, but the spike of [Ca 2+ ]i of astrocytes pretreated with morphine could be induced only by higher concentration of morphine. The [Ca 2+ ]i response of astrocytes to morphine could be blocked by naloxone but not by MK 801(NMDA receptor antagonist). Conclusion The response of [Ca 2+ ]i in morphine induced astrocytes may play an important role in morphine tolerance.

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