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China Pharmacy ; (12): 1842-1848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886277


OBJECTIVE:To establish the UPLC fingerprint of Polygonum cuspidatum ,and to determine the contents of four active ingredients and to provide reference for the quality evaluation of P. cuspidatum . METHODS :The determination was performed on Waters BEH C 18 column(100 mm×2.1 mm,1.7 μm)with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.2% formic acid (gradient elution )at flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and detection wavelength was 290 nm. The sample size was 1 μL. The fingerprints were evaluated by similarity calculation,cluster analysis and orthogonal partial least square discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Using polydatin as internal standard ,relative calibration factors of resveratrol ,emodin-8-O- β-D-glucoside and emodin were determined to develop a method of QAMS. The contents of 4 above components in 15 batches of P. cuspidatum were calculated by relative calibration factors. The results of QAMS were compared with those of external standard. RESULTS:UPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of P. cuspidatum were established ,and 12 common peaks were confirmed. Five components were identified ,i.e. polydatin ,resveratrol,emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside,emodin,emodin methyl ether. The fingerprint similarity of 15 batches of P. cuspidatum was in the range of 0.865-0.976. According to cluster analysis ,15 batches of P. cuspidatum were classified into 4 categories,showing certain regularity of origin. Seven markers were identified by OPLS-DA method. The order of difference significance was peak 7>emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside>resveratrol>peak 8>polydatin>peak 1> peak 10. The relative deviation among the contents of resveratrol ,emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside and emodin in 15 batches of P. cuspidatum determined by QAMS and external standard method was less than 5.0%,indicating that there was no significant difference between the two methods. CONCLUSIONS :UPLC fingerprint combined with QAMS method is convenient and reliable for the quality evaluation of P. cuspidatum ;the quality of P. cuspidatum produced in Chongqing and Anhui province is better.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694871


Objective Comparing obturator nerve reflex in different anesthesia,to investigate the incidence of obturator nerve reflex in transurethral resection of bladder tumor.Methods A total of 160 patients with lateral wall of bladder tumors were included,who required a TURBT,were randomly divided into four groups:general anesthesia group (group G),combined spinal-epidural anesthesia group (group C),combined spinal-epidural anesthesia compounding intravenous anesthesia group (group V),combined spinal-epidural anesthesia compounding obturator nerve block group (group O),n =40 in each group.The incidence of obturator nerve reflex was recorded.Results Incidence of obturator nerve reflex in group O (7.5%) was lower than in group C (32.5%,P=0.005) and group V (40.0%,P=0.001).There was no significant difference between group G (5.0%) and group O (P =0.644).Conclusion Both combined spinal-epidural anesthesia with obturator nerve block and general anesthesia can effectively prevent obturator nerve reflex.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424797


ObjectiveTo monitor the early blood lactic acid concentration of patients with severe trauma who have been experienced routine surgery or damage control surgery,and explore the influence of surgical methods for the early lactate clearance rate.MethodsSelected 40 patients with severe trauma,they were divided into two groups with 20 cases each in accordance with the adopted operation mode,reference group by damage control surgery,and control group by routine surgery.Recorded acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ ) in patients after admission,blood lactic acid concentration at 6 h after admission and admission,calculated the early lactate clearance rate.ResultsIn reference group,blood lactic acid concentration at 6 h after admission was significantly lower than that in control group[ (3.5 ± 1.1 )mmol/L vs.(4.2 ± 1.4) mmol/L,P< 0.05 ],early lactate clearance rate was higher than that in control group [ (24.6 ± 6.3 )% vs.( 11.4 ± 5.3 )%,P< 0.05 ].Conclusions Damage control surgery in patients with severe trauma in favour of the early removal of lactic acid,maintaining the homeostasis of the organism,is the key to improve the achievement ratio of treatment with severe trauma.