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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920535

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of road traffic injuries in Haishu District of Ningbo City and to provide evidence for effective prevention strategies. Methods Based on the "Ningbo Inpatient Injury Monitoring Report Card", we analyzed the epidemiological characteristics and the influencing factors of hospitalization expenses using the road traffic injuries cases collected from 2015-2019 of Haishu District were analyzed. Results The ratio of male to female was 1.46∶1 among the 8 543 cases. Most cases were between 25 to 64 years old. There were 83.09% cases had junior high school education or below. The top three occupations in the cases were preschoolers, transportation workers, and retired people. Road traffic injuries occurred more frequently in spring for preschoolers and in summer vacation for school-age children. Motor vehicle accidents caused more serious injuries than non-motor vehicle accidents (χ 2=59.069, P<0.001). The economic burden caused by the traffic injuries was heavy. The main influencing factors of hospitalization expenses for road traffic injuries were age, gender, severity of injury and the attribute of injury. The median hospitalization cost was 12 400 Yuan, and the interquartile distance was 23 400 Yuan. Conclusion Road traffic injury not only causes serious bodily injury, but also increases the economic burden of family and society directly or indirectly. Traffic safety education should be carried out for key groups to prevent the occurrence of road traffic injuries.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920397

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of post-stroke depression on sleep quality and cognitive dysfunction, and to provide evidence for the intervention of post-stroke depression. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 712 patients with stroke in Shiyan region from October 2018 to October 2020. According to the occurrence of post-stroke depression, they were divided into experimental group (post-stroke depression, n=294) and control group (non-post-stroke depression, n=418). The experimental group was divided into mild group (n=89), moderate group (n=128) and severe group (n=77) according to the HAMD score. PSQI score and MOCA score were compared between the two groups. The Pearson correlation analysis of HAMD score with sleep quality and cognitive dysfunction was analyzed. Results THE PSQI score of the experimental group was significantly higher (t =40.961, P<0.05). The MOCA score of the experimental group was significantly lower (t =27.525, P<0.05). PSQI score in mild group was significantly lower than that in moderate and severe groups (t1 =19.988, t2 =22.634, P<0.05). The PSQI score of moderate group was significantly lower (t3 =7.157, P<0.05). MOCA evaluation in mild group was significantly higher than that in moderate and severe groups (t1 =8.180, t2 =14.568, P<0.05). The MOCA rating of moderate group was significantly higher than that of severe group (t3 =7.947, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that post-stroke depression was significantly positively correlated with PSQI score (r=0.713 , P<0.05). Poststroke depression was negatively correlated with MOCA score (r = -0.691, P<0.05). Conclusion The patients with poststroke depression are often accompanied by sleep disorder and cognitive dysfunction. The higher the HAMD score, the more serious the sleep disorder and cognitive dysfunction.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA (miR)-938, its effect on cell proliferation and its regulatory mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:HCC and paracancerous tissues were collected from 40 patients with HCC who underwent surgical resection in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2015 to June 2019, including 25 males and 15 females, with an average age of 61.4 years. HepG2 cells in the miR-938 overexpression group were transfected with miR-938 mimics, and the negative control group was transfected with the negative control sequence. Cell proliferation was detected by kit, the expression of miR-938 and the succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D (SDHD) was detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and SDHD protein expression was detected by Western blot. The target genes of miR-938 were verified by dual luciferase reporting.Results:The relative expression of miR-938 in HCC tissues was (0.060±0.002), which was higher than that in adjacent tissues (0.030±0.002), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The mRNA relative expression of SDHD in HCC tissues was (0.028±0.002), lower than that in adjacent tissues (0.062±0.002), and the protein expression of SDHD in HCC tissues was (0.963±0.008), lower than that in adjacent tissues (1.083±0.037), with statistical significance (both P<0.05). The proliferation activity of miR-938 overexpression group was significantly higher than that of negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). MiR-938 significantly inhibited the luciferase activity of SDHD wild-type 3’-untranslated regions. In the overexpression miR-938 cells, SDHD mRNA and protein levels were significantly lower than those in the negative control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:MiR-938 was highly expressed in HCC tissues. MiR-938 promoted the proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the expression of SDHD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 627-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the MRI features of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 12 patients with CAA-ri diagnosed in Affiliated Guizhou Aviation Industry Cor Ltd No 300 Hospital of Zunyi Medical University (9 cases), Xingyi People′s Hospital (2 cases) and Anshun people′s Hospital (1 case) from June 2013 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 3 females and 9 males, aged from 57 to 89 years old, with an average age of 71±10 years. The twelve patients included 5 cases with probable CAA-ri and 7 cases with possible CAA-ri. The duration of the disease ranged from 30 minutes to 2 years. One patient has ApoE ε4/ε4 gene overexpressed. All the 12 patients underwent MRI, including susceptibility weighted imaging in 12 cases, DWI in 10 cases, contrast enhanced MRI (CE-MRI) in 9 cases, MRS in 3 cases, MRA in 7 cases, and perfusion-weighted imaging in 1 case.Results:Imaging features of CAA-ri included encephalopathic, tumoral, classical cerebral amyloid angiopathy(CAA) manifestations. Twelve cases of encephalopathic manifestations showed patchy white matter hyperintensity (WMH) involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence (FLAIR), usually asymmetric,with various degree of mass effect, no diffusion restriction on DWI and no enhancement on CE-MRI. One case showed a single tumoral lesion with irregular enhancement on CE-MRI. The classic CAA findings included hemorrhagic lesions (microhemorrhage in 8 cases, lobar hemorrhage in 6 cases, subarachnoid hemorrhage in 3 cases, iron deposition on the brain surface in 7 cases) and ischemic lesions (microinfarction in 1 case, enlarged perivascular space and interlobar space in 4 cases). Follow-up showed lesions absorption and/or new lesion formation in 5 cases. Conclusions:The MRI features of CAA-ri are mainly patchy WMH involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 FLAIR, usually asymmetric, with wandering and alternating features, and inconsistency with clinical manifestations.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 231-238, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the contents of paranasal sinus CT reports about clinically pertinent lesions and anatomic variations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and analyze the lesions and the anatomic variations less described in CT reports to improve the quality of paranasal sinus CT reports.Methods:A national questionnaire survey on radiologists interpreting paranasal sinus CT was conducted online in March, 2020. Questions were focused on the frequency of the lesions or anatomic variations of the paranasal sinuses described in paranasal sinus CT reports, and the results were analyzed and compared among radiologists by different levels of the hospital, professional titles, years of CT reading experience, subspecialties, and education backgrounds.Results:A total of 6 525 valid questionnaires were obtained, in which 97.7%, 97.7%, and 92.8% of radiologists described mucosal thickening, hypertrophy of turbinate or deviation of the nasal septum, and space occupying lesions within paranasal sinuses in CT reports, respectively. Only 35.0%, 26.9%, and 22.5% of radiologists described frontal recess lesions, dehiscence of foramen rotundum or pterygoid canal, and anterior/posterior ethmoid artery anatomy in CT reports, respectively. The anatomic variations that predisposed patients to major surgical complications or recurrent rhinosinusitis were more frequently documented in CT reports by radiologists with experience of head and neck radiology, senior titles or more than 30 years of radiological experience in tertiary hospitals than other radiologists.Conclusions:Lesions within the paranasal sinus were almost documented in all paranasal sinus CT reports. However, the anatomic variations that predisposed patients to major surgical complications or recurrent rhinosinusitis were infrequently described, which needs to be optimized by improving the quality of paranasal sinus CT reports.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the effect of ubiquitination hepatitis B virus core antigen (Ub-HBcAg) on dendritic cells (DC) autophagy, and to explore the mechanism of autophagy in enhancing DC antigen presentation and inducing hepatitis B virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses.Methods:Ub-HBcAg lentiviral vector (LV-Ub-HBcAg), lentiviral vector-hepatitis B virus core antigen (LV-HBcAg) and no-load plasmid LV (LV) were constructed and packaged. DC2.4 cells were divided into LV-Ub-HBcAg group, LV-HBcAg group and LV group. The blank control group (NC group) was also set. The protein expression of autophagy-related protein P62, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta (LC3B), autophagy related 5(ATG5) and Beclin-1 were detected by Western blotting. The expressions of co-stimulatory molecules such as CD86, CD80 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-Ⅱ were detected by flow cytometry. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to detect T lymphocytes proliferation. The non-radioactive lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) release method was applied to detect the killing ability of CTL. Statistical analysis was conducted by independent sample t test. Results:The relative protein expressions of LC3B-Ⅱ/LC3B-Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and ATG5 in NC group were 0.445±0.076, 0.522±0.026 and 0.761±0.038, respectively, which were all lower than those in LV-Ub-HBcAg group (0.926±0.021, 0.919±0.016 and 1.451±0.028, respectively). The relative protein expression of P62 in the NC group was higher than that in LV-Ub-HBcAg group ((1.875±0.016) vs (0.647±0.121)). The differences were all statistically significant ( t=6.102, 9.842, 17.490 and 10.590, respectively, all P<0.01). The expressions of CD86 (75.51%), CD80 (83.35%), MHC-Ⅱ (66.66%) in the LV-Ub-HBcAg group were high, and those in the NC group were 8.03%, 7.49%, 0.04%, respectively. The specific CTL killing rate ((65.310±2.091)%) of the LV-Ub-HBcAg group was significantly higher than both NC group ((14.400±0.497)%) and LV-HBcAg group ((54.870±1.443)%), and the differences were both statistically significant ( t=23.690 and 4.111, respectively, both P<0.05). Conclusion:Ub-HBcAg promotes the DC autophagy, up-regulates the expressions of costimulatory molecules on cell surface of DC to induce the maturation and activation, and then stimulates T lymphocyte to induce a stronger specific CTL response under the effort of ubiquitination.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 634-636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884096

ABSTRACT

It is known that LINC01018 and CDK6 are associated with the occurrence, progression and recurrence of malignant tumor. Our preliminary data showed that the expression of LINC01018 was down-regulated and that of CDK6 was up-regulated, which were related with the malignancy grade. Bioinformatics suggested that E2F1 binding site exist in the CDK6 promoter region, and LINC01018 might interact with E2F1. Thus we speculate that the expression of LINC01018 in malignant tumor is decreased. The interaction between LINC01018 and E2F1 activates E2F1, promotes the transcription activation of CDK6, and affects tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis. All these are expected to reveal the effect and mechanisms of LINC01018 in the development and regulation of malignant tumor, and provide new ideas and evidences for its treatment.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 328-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884050

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this study, a simple and easy diagnostic index of sarcopenia based on computed tomography (CT) images, linear skeletal muscle index (LSMI), was proposed and its diagnostic efficiency was verified.Methods:From April 2013 to September 2017, patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices were selected from the Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. The SMI of the third lumbar lower than 50 cm 2/m 2 in male and 39 cm 2/m 2 in female was defined as sarcopenia. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of LSMI in patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices. Results:A total of 115 patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices were finally recruited. All participants were randomly divided into modeling group ( n=58) and validation group ( n=57). In the modeling group, the area under the ROC curve of LSMI was 0.913(95% CI:0.84-0.986, P<0.001) in total population, 0.895(95% CI:0.793-0.997, P<0.001) in male and 0.917(95% CI:0.782-1.000, P<0.008) in female. The cut-off value of LSMI was 24.114 cm 2/m 2 in male and 22.54 cm 2/m 2 in female. According to the diagnostic cut-off value of the modeling group, the area under the ROC curve of LSMI was 0.846(95% CI:0.737-0.954, P<0.001) in the validation group. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden index were 88.5%, 80.6%, 79.3%, 89.3% and 0.691, respectively. Conclusions:48.7% of patients with cirrhosis of esophageal and gastric varices have sarcopenia. LSMI is a simple and convenient method for diagnosis of sarcopenia in patients with liver cirrhosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882844

ABSTRACT

Antibiotic-associated diarrhea(AAD) is a frequent adverse effect of antibiotic in children.AAD is associated with longer hospitalization, higher healthcare cost and even lead to death.Pediatricians usually do not pay enough attention to AAD.Domestic experts from pulmonary medicine, infection and gastroenterology are organized to develop the consensus, to improve the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of AAD, and contribute the children health in future.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different proportions of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer on the agronomic traits, yield and quality of Artemisiae Argyi Folium in Qichun county, and provide a theoretical basis for scientific fertilization of its planting. Method:Field plot experiment was carried out to set up 5 treatment methods with different proportions of organic fertilizers and chemical fertilizers[OM<sub>0</sub> (no combined application of biological organic fertilizer), OM<sub>17</sub> (combined application of 17% biological organic fertilizer), OM<sub>33</sub> (combined application of 33% biological organic fertilizer), OM<sub>67</sub> (combined application of 67% biological organic fertilizer), OM<sub>100</sub> (combined application of 100% biological organic fertilizer)]. The effects of different treatment methods on the agronomic characters, leaf yield, output rate of moxa, volatile oil content, flavonoid and phenolic acid contents and mineral element contents of Artemisiae Argyi Folium in Qichun county were determined. Result:With the increase of the proportion of organic fertilizer in application, the seedling number per unit area, plant height, stem diameter, leaf number, leaf width, leaf length, height of dead leaves and leaf yield of Artemisiae Argyi Folium were increased at first and then decreased. Among them, the yield of Artemisiae Argyi Folium in OM<sub>33</sub> treatment was 61.37% higher than that in OM<sub>0</sub> treatment. With the increase of the proportion of organic fertilizer, the output rate of moxa of Artemisiae Argyi Folium showed continuously increasing trend, contents of volatile oil and volatile components (eucalyptol, <italic>α</italic>-thujone, borneol, camphor and caryophyllene oxide) increased at first and then decreased, while the contents of <italic>α</italic>-caryophyllene and <italic>β</italic>-syringene decreased gradually, the contents of phenolic acids (neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid B, A and C) increased at first and then decreased, while the contents of flavonoids (jaceosidin and eupatilin) increased continuously, and the contents of mineral elements (Ca, Cu and Zn) continued to increase, but the content of K decreased significantly at the high proportion of organic fertilizer. After treated with principal component analysis (PCA), it was found that OM<sub>17</sub> treatment had the highest quality, while OM<sub>100</sub> and OM<sub>0</sub> treatment had low quality. Conclusion:Based on comprehensive analysis of agronomic traits, yield and quality indexes of Artemisiae Argyi Folium in Qichun county, it is suggested that 17%-33% proportion of organic fertilizer should be used in its production, in order to improve the quality and efficiency of Artemisiae Argyi Folium industry in Qichun county.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the renoprotective effects that Sanjiao Qushi prescription ameliorates cationic bovine serum albumin (C-BSA) induced membranous nephropathy(MN) in mice model and its influence on nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway. Method:Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal group(<italic>n</italic>=10) and the model group(<italic>n</italic>=50). The mice in the model group received C-BSA injection via tail vein (6.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group, the low dose Sanjiao Qushi prescription group(3.71 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), the high dose Sanjiao Qushi prescription group(7.42 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and benazepril hydrochloride group(1.3 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). And they were administered with the corresponding medicine by gavage once a day for four consecutive weeks. 24 hour-urine protein quantitation were performed before C-BSA injection and after C-BSA injection as well as the medicine gavage. When the treatment was finished, all of the mice were sacrificed and the biochemical indicators such as serum creatinine(SCr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), total protein(TP) and albumin(Alb) were measured. And the renal pathological morphology changes were observed by light microscope with hematoxylineosin(HE), Masson and periodic acid-silver metheramine(PASM) staining. The deposition of immunoglobulin G(IgG) in the glomerulus was detected by fluorescence microscope. The expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) of kidney was detected by fluorescence immunoassay. The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus and cytoplasm and the downstream protein factors HO-1 and NADH quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1(NQO1) were detected by Western blot. Result:Compare to normal group, the levels of 24 hour-urine protein quantitation, TG and TC significantly increased in model group(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while TP and Alb levels significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The model group exhibited enlarged volume of glomerular, significantly thickened glomerular basement membrane(GBM), fuchsinophilic protein deposition and spike formation through light microscope. Immunofluorescence staining for the model group exhibited granular deposition of IgG along the capillary wall. The expression of ROS in kidney significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while Nrf2 in cytoplasm significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The protein expression levels of HO-1 and NQO1 significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared to model group, the levels of 24 hour-urine protein quantitation, TG and TC significantly decreased in each treated group(<italic>P</italic><0.01), TP and Alb levels significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The pathological damages alleviated obviously. The expression of ROS in kidney significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while Nrf2 in cytoplasm significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of HO-1 and NQO1 significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Sanjiao Qushi prescription worked on MN mice possibly by regulating related proteins in the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and relieving oxidative stress, thus decreasing 24 hour-urine protein and blood lipid, increasing serum protein, and alleviating the pathological damages to protect renal function and delay progress of the disease.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grading standard of <italic>Curcuma phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma,and explore the effect of seed rhizoma classification on the growth,yield and quality of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>. Method:The purity,diameter,weight,length,germination rate and water content of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma samples were determined. The grading index was determined by partial correlation analysis,variance analysis and cluster analysis. According to actual conditions of production,the classification standard of<italic> C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma was established. Then the field experiments were carried out with different grades of seed rhizoma for treatment, so as to analyze the effect of seed rhizoma grade on plant growth,yield and quality of medicinal materials. Result:With seed rhizoma diameter and seed rhizoma weight as classification indexes,<italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma were divided into three grades. The field experiments showed that with the growth and development of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>,there were significant differences in plant height and leaf length among different grades of seed rhizoma during the root tuber expansion period (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The yield of Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma was in the order of first-class ginger>second-class ginger>third-class ginger>substandard seed rhizoma. According to the analysis of the proportion of the commodity grade of medicinal materials,the higher the grade of seed rhizoma was,the higher the proportion of the first-grade Curcumae Radix occupied. According to the analysis of the quality of medicinal materials,there was no significant difference in the content of extract,volatile oil and germanone in Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma. Conclusion:The grading standard of seed rhizoma was established based on the systematic study on the classification method of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma. According to the field experiment, grading planting of seed rhizoma can promote plant growth and development,increase the yield of medicinal materials,and improve the proportion of first-grade medicinal materials, with no impact on the internal quality of medicinal materials. Therefore, classification of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma is scientific and necessary,and can lay the foundation for the standardized cultivation of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of braces combined with insoles on scoliosis and walking performance in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods:From September, 2019 to September, 2020, 42 subjects with AIS were selected and randomly divided into brace group (n = 21) and brace combined with insole group (n = 21). Both groups received two-month routine rehabilitation, including braces for 22 to 23 hours a day and gymnastics for 30 minutes a day. The brace combined with insole group additionally wore insoles, at least eight hours a day for two months. Meanwhile, 32 even-aged adolescents were recruited as healthy controls. Firstly, gait and plantar pressure of 42 patients and 32 healthy adolescents were compared to find out abnormal indicators. Secondly, the scoliosis and above abnormal indicators were compared between the brace group and the brace combined with insole group Results:The center of pressure excursion index (CPEI) was higher in AIS group than in the healthy group (F = 3.120, P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in walking speed, gait cycle and phase between two groups (P>0.05). An obvious imbalanced pressure was observed between the medial and lateral heel of the single foot and the bilateral foot in AIS patients (P < 0.05). After treatment, the Cobb's angle decreased in AIS patients (t > 7.552, P < 0.001), however, no difference was found between the brace group and the brace combined with insole group (t = 0.459, P > 0.05); the CPEI decreased (t = 2.209, P < 0.05), and the pressure in medial and lateral heel as well as the left and right foot tended to be balanced (t > 2.306, P < 0.05) in the brace combined with insole group, and were better than that of the brace group (|t| > 2.319, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Plantar pressure distribution shows obvious local and global asymmetric changes in AIS patients. The efficacy of insoles on the scoliosis is limited, but the insole can effectively improve the abnormal biomechanics and balance the force.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of acupuncture on constipation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods:From January, 2019 to November, 2020, 50 ASD children with constipation from Rehabilitation Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine were admitted and randomly divided into acupuncture-rehabilitation group (n = 25) and medicine-rehabilitation group (n = 25). For constipation, the acupuncture-rehabilitation group used scalp acupuncture, body acupuncture combined with rehabilitation; the medicine-rehabilitation group took probiotics orally combined with rehabilitation. Both groups received conventional rehabilitation for constipation and the core symptoms. Constipation was treated for eight weeks, and ASD symptoms was treated for twelve weeks. After eight weeks and twelve weeks, the efficacy of constipation and the scores of main symptoms of constipation were compared, and they were also evaluated with Autism Child Behavior Scale (ABC) and Autism Treatment Evaluation Scale (ATEC). Results:Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the main symptoms of constipation, nor the scores of ABC and ATEC between two groups (P > 0.05). Eight weeks after treatment, the main symptoms of constipation significantly improved (t > 5.473, P < 0.001); twelve weeks after treatment, the efficacy of constipation and the main symptoms of constipation were better in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group than in the medicine-rehabilitation group (Z = 2.848, t = -2.139, P < 0.05). Eight weeks after treatment, the scores of ABC and ATEC significantly decreased (t > 7.139, P < 0.001), and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05); the score of behavior of ATEC significantly decreased in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group (t = 3.849, P < 0.01), and was lower than that of the medicine-rehabilitation group (t = -2.643, P < 0.05), and no significant difference in other items was found between two groups (P > 0.05); twelve weeks after treatment, the scores of ABC and ATEC were lower in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group than in the medicine-rehabilitation group (|t| > 2.156, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Acupuncture-rehabilitation can improve the longer-lasting effect of constipation, and also improve the core symptoms of ASD, which is superior to medicine-rehabilitation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the level of manganese and assess potential health risks of lip cosmetics. Methods:Assessment on manganese of lip cosmetics was performed using high-end exposure analysis mode based on the daily dosage. Results:In a total of 264 lip cosmetics samples, manganese was detected in the 249 sample, with a detection rate of 94.3%. Daily exposure was determined to be 3.88×10-5 mg/kg. Safety margin was 3 608 and safety limit was 45 mg/kg. Conclusion:Level of manganese in lip cosmetics remains safe. Health risk is low when appropriately used according to the daily usage. However, it is noted that level of manganese exceeds the limits in approximately 10% of the samples, posing a potential health threat.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 396-398, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875706

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined school-based sexual harassment experience among college students in Guangzhou, and to provide theoretical basis for preventing campus sexual harassment.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1 062 college students from five universities in Guangzhou, China. A self-made questionnaire regarding awareness sexual harassment and experience of school-based sexual harassment was filled out by students voluntarily and anonymously.@*Results@#A total of 169 students reported they experienced school-based sexual harassment. The incidence of school-based sexual harassment among college students in Guangzhou was 15.91%, higher among female students (20.30%) than male students(10.2%)(χ 2=19.91, P<0.01). Verbal harassment (10.26%) was the most common type of sexual harassment, followed by physical harassment (7.16%), visual harassment (4.61%) and unwanted sexual advances (1.69%). Sexual harassment primarily took place in teaching building(58), dormitory(33) and office(17). Among the victims, 116(68.64%) were influenced by harassment. Females(n=94) being harassed were more likely to be negatively influenced compare to males(n=22).@*Conclusion@#School-based sexual harassment may result adverse psychological outcomes to students, more emphasis should be put on the prevention of sexual harassment.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 132-134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862613

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools in Bijie City, and to put forward suggestions to improve the quality of tuberculosis epidemic situation in schools.@*Methods@#A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools reported by tuberculosis information management system from August 27, 2018 to January 6, 2019 in Bijie City.@*Results@#The screening rate of close contacts was 69.72%(99/142), which significantly varied by counties(P<0.01). The time from the date of diagnosis of patients to screening of close contacts by local CDC was 3(1-10.5) days. Rate of standardized management process for close contacts aged 15 years or older (0) was lower than that for close contacts aged younger than 15 years old (23.08%)(P<0.01). 3 462 close contacts were screened for TB symptom,and chest X-ray among those suspected individuals(process 1), and 2 439 close contacts were screened with TB symptom,PPD test,and chest X-ray among those suspected individuals or those with strong positive in PPD test(process 2). The detection rate of pulmonary tuberculosis in close contacts of Grade I was lower in Process 1 (28.89/100 000) than in Process 2 (328.00/100 000)(χ2=6.56, P=0.01). The latent infection rate of the first-class close contacts (6.39%) was higher than that of the second-class close contacts(1.93%)(χ2=54.86, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Management of tuberculosis outbreaks in middle schools in Bijie City in 2018 is effective and timely, but the standardization needs to be improved.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912711

ABSTRACT

The authors introduced a pharmaceutical care mode by establishing a medication management platform(" Smart Pharmacists" platform), automatically and regularly sending personalized medication reminders for out-of-hospital patients. In virtue of the medication consultation service built on mobile internet technology, the hospital information system was seamlessly connected with the WeChat public account of the hospital, hence broadening pharmaceutical care. The " Smart Pharmacists" platform covered such six parts as medication reminder, medication record, voice broadcast, medication consultation, prescription query, and package insert inquiry. It serves as a reminder of taking medicine for patients out of the hospital and provides an accessible " pharmacist-patient interaction" service window, which will guarantee the safety and effectiveness of medication for out-of-hospital patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 862-863, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911134

ABSTRACT

End-stage renal disease(ESRD) patients with malignant renal tumor has its unique clinicopathological characteristics, and there are currently few domestic related studies. A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 16 ESRD patients with malignant renal tumor in Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital. Their ages ranged from 20 to 70 yrs (mean 47.6 yrs). Most of the patients were asymptomatic and all underwent radical nephrectomy or radical nephroureterectomy. Clear cell carcinoma occurred in 11 cases, and papillary renal cell carcinoma in 2 cases. The vast majority of 13 cases were low-stage, low-grade tumors. All 13 cases were followed up for an average of 43.7 months and no recurrence or metastasis was found. In addition, the patients of renal sarcomatoid carcinoma, renal pelvis carcinoma and renal sarcoma survived for 2 to 20 months with poor prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 958-961, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910947

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia and hip fractures are musculoskeletal system diseases, which cause great harm to the health of geriatric population.As sarcopenia is receiving more and more attention in recent years, its relationship with hip fractures has been increasingly noted.The paper summarized the epidemiological evidences on the relationship between sarcopenia and hip fracture and investigated the possible etiologic mechanism by which sarcopenia triggers hip fractures.

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