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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913174

ABSTRACT

The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor severely limits the deep penetration of nanomedicine and weakens its anti-tumor effect. Based on this, the yeast vesicle biomimetic nanomedicine with active deep penetration ability of tumor tissue was designed and developed for enhanced tumor therapy. Results of characterization showed that the yeast cell vesicles (YCV) displayed a spherical morphology with diameter of around 100 nm and was well dispersed. Then the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was selected as a model drug, and DOX was loaded into YCV to obtain YCV/DOX through electrostatic interaction, the encapsulation efficiencies of DOX were calculated as 82.5%. The drug release profile of YCV/DOX implied that DOX release showed a manner of pH-dependent, it may be that pH has affected the electrostatic effect of YCV and DOX. Compared with liposomes (Lipo), in vitro cell experiments showed that YCV from natural sources had stronger permeability in three-dimensional multicellular spheres. It is speculated that the mechanism may be good deformation capacity of YCV. A 4T1 xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of YCV/DOX. The results suggested that YCV/DOX has stronger tumor tissue penetration ability and could effectively inhibit the tumor growth. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Zhengzhou University. This study brings new ideas for the development of biomimetic nanomedicine to overcome the ECM of solid tumors.

2.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 487-496, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913457

ABSTRACT

Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) are the most common subtypes of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs). Most cases of MF display an indolent course during its early stage. However, in some patients, it can progress to the tumor stage with potential systematic involvement and a poor prognosis. SS is defined as an erythrodermic CTCL with leukemic involvements. The pathogenesis of MF and SS is still not fully understood, but recent data have found that the development of MF and SS is related to genetic alterations and possibly to environmental influences. In CTCL, many components interacting with tumor cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages, fibroblasts, dendritic cells, mast cells, and myeloid‐derived suppressor cells, as well as with chemokines, cytokines and other key players, establish the tumor microenvironment (TME). In turn, the TME regulates tumor cell migration and proliferation directly and indirectly and may play a critical role in the progression of MF and SS. The TME of MF and SS appear to show features of a Th2 phenotype, thus dampening tumorrelated immune responses. Recently, several studies have been published on the immunological characteristics of MF and SS, but a full understanding of the CTCL-related TME remains to be determined. This review focuses on the role of the TME in MF and SS, aiming to further demonstrate the pathogenesis of the disease and to provide new ideas for potential treatments targeted at the microenvironment components of the tumor.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912440

ABSTRACT

In recent years, bacterial antibiotic resistance is becoming a huge threaten for human health. It′s getting even more serious after biofilm formation. In addition to physical and chemical factors such as barrier function and microenvironmental changes, the regulation of some genes in biofilm also specifically improves the level of antibiotic resistance. There might be a common regulatory mechanism between antibiotic resistance and the ability of biofilm formation. Type Ⅰ clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system can affect the acquisition and spread of antibiotic resistance. The effect varies with species, evolution process and environmental pressure. Recently, it has been reported that type Ⅰ CRISPR system could not only regulate biofilm formation, but could also participate in the interaction between bacteriophages and biofilm. It might become a breakthrough point in the study of phage therapy. This article reviews the situation of antibiotic resistance in recent years, the new progress of biofilm-specific antibiotic resistance, and the effects of type Ⅰ CRISPR system on biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance, so as to provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infection.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 33-40, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and related factors of lamb′s tripe extract and vitamin B12 capsule (LTEVB12) in the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis.Methods:From October 1st 2016 to April 30th 2021, 240 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis visited the Department of Gastroenterology at Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients regularly took LTEVB12 (110 U/day, 3 times/day) for six months. At the end of treatment, endoscopy and gastric mucosal biopsy were conducted. The therapeutic effects were evaluated by comparing the changes of operative link on gastritis assessment (OLGA) and operative link on gastritis assessment based on intestinal metaplasia (OLGIM) staging before and after treatment. The related factors affecting the efficacy of the drug were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used for statistical analysis.Results:After half a year of treatment, the reversal efficiency of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia was 45.4% (109/240) and 37.9% (91/240), respectively, and the total efficiency was 62.9% (151/240). The reversal efficiency of OLGA and OLGIM staging reversed from high stage (stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ) to low stage (stage 0 to Ⅱ) was 53.4% (63/118) and 54.5% (36/66), respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed that female, vitamin supplementation (≥3 times/week), negative or successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori and mild inflammatory status (inflammation score: 1 to 2) were associated with improving the efficacy of LTEVB12 (odds ratio=1.798, 3.730, 2.817 and 4.631, 95% confidence interval 1.055 to 3.064, 1.197 to 11.627, 1.171 to 6.779, 1.480 to 14.493; all P<0.05). High consumption of pickled food (≥3 times/week) was associated with reducing efficacy of LTEVB12 (odds ratio=0.384, 95%confidence interval 0.200 to 0.740). Conclusion:LTEVB12 has better reversal therapeutic effect on atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, and may reduce the risk of gastric cancer in patients with chronic atrophic gastritis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911382

ABSTRACT

This study reported a family of mitochondrial diabetes mellitus complicated with chronic hereditary pancreatitis. A 18-year-old woman presented with self-reported hyperglycemia and chronic epigastric pain was admitted to our hospital. Clinical data and family history were collected. Mitochondrial gene sequencing and whole exon gene sequencing showed that the proband carried mutation of mt.3243A>G and heterozygous mutation of SPINK1 c. 194+ 2T>C, which was considered as mitochondrial diabetes mellitus with chronic pancreatitis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of radiomics based on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in predicting the Children′s Oncology Group (COG) risk stratification of neuroblastoma (NB). Methods:From March 2018 to November 2019, the 18F-FDG PET/CT images of 125 NB children (51 males, 74 females, age: 0.5-10.5 years) confirmed pathologically in Beijing Friendship Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the COG classification, patients were divided into high-risk group and non-high-risk group (including low- and intermediate-risk). Imaging radiomics features were extracted from PET and CT images and screened. Logistic regression was used to build the first model based on radiomics features (R_model) and calculate radiomics score (Rad_score), then build the second model (RD_model) based on Rad_score and demographic features and at last build the third model (RDC_modle) based on Rad_score, demographic features and clinical features. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive efficacy of these models. Results:The training set contained 94 NB cases (63 high-risk cases, 31 non-high-risk cases), and the validation set contained 31 NB cases (21 high-risk cases, 10 non-high-risk cases). Four radiomics features were obtained by screening, of which two features were based on CT images and the other two features were based on PET images. The area under the curves (AUCs) of the R_model, RD_model and RDC_model in training or validation set were 0.91, 0.94, 0.98 or 0.86, 0.92, 0.95, respectively. The accuracies of the R_model, RD_model and RDC_model in training or validation set were 86%(81/94), 89%(84/94), 93%(87/94) or 84%(26/31), 84%(26/31), 87%(27/31), respectively.Conclusions:Radiomics based on 18F-FDG PET/CT can accurately predict the COG risk stratification of NB. Prediction model of radiomics features combined with demographic and clinical characteristics can further improve the accuracy of predicting NB COG risk stratification, which can help personalized and precise therapy protocol management in NB.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum miR-143 level combined with MRI in predicting the early response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in cervical cancer.Methods:A total of 85 patients with pathologically confirmed cervical cancer underwent conventional MRI, intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) before CCRT. The biopsy tissues and serum samples were collected. The differential expression of miRNA in the biopsy tissues was determined by microarray chip. The expression level of miR-143 in the serum samples was analyzed by qRT-PCR. All patients were divided into the non-residual and residual tumor groups according to post-treatment MRI. Pre-treatment clinical factors, MRI parameters and miR-143 between two groups were statistically analyzed by the univariate and multivariate analyses. The optimal thresholds and predictive performance for post-treatment incidence of residual tumors were estimated by drawing the ROC curve.Results:At one month after CCRT, there were 52 patients in the non-residual tumor group and 33 patients in the residual tumor group. In the residual tumor group, pre-treatment FIGO staging, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), D and V e were significantly higher (all P<0.05), whereas K trans value was significantly lower ( P<0.001) when compared to those in the non-residual tumor group. The miRNA array analysis showed that there were 16 miRNAs with differential expression levels between two groups (all P<0.05). Among them, the increase of miR-143 was the most significant in the residual tumor group. Compared with the residual tumor group, the expression level of serum miR-143 was significantly down-regulated in the non-residual tumor group ( P=0.002). Compared with the SiHa cells, the expression level of miR-143 in the SiHa-R cells was significantly up-regulated ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only miR-143, D, K trans and V e were the independent prognostic factors. The combination of multi-parametric MRI and miR-143 exhibited the highest predictive performance (AUC=0.975), with a sensitivity of 84.8% and a specificity of 96.2%. Conclusion:The combination of multi-parametric MRI with miR-143 further improves the predictive performance for residual tumors after CCRT, which contributes to the personalized treatment of cervical cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1277-1281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of the dual-layer detector spectral CTA in evaluation of brain perfusion impairment in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Clinical and imaging data of 35 patients with acute ischemic stroke in Weihai Central Hospital from March 2020 to October 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent head and neck spectral CTA examination and dynamic cerebral perfusion CT examination with dual-layer detector spectral CT. The iodine density map and effective atomic number map were reconstructed using CTA data, and the iodine density and effective atomic number, as well as the cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) values of the hypoperfusion area and the contralateral side were measured and compared; the areas of brain hypoperfusion regions were measured. Pearson′s correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between iodine density values and CBV values, iodine density values and CBF values, effective atomic number values and CBV values, effective atomic number values and CBF values, as well as hypoperfusion area shown on CTA images and displayed on CTP-CBF map.Results:Of all the 35 patients, the iodine density value [(0.22±0.07) mg/ml], effective atomic number value (7.38±0.05), CBV value [(1.9±0.7) ml/100 g] and CBF value [(15.1±5.9) ml/(100 g·min)] of the hypoperfusion area were significantly lower than those of the healthy side [iodine density value (0.44±0.10) mg/ml, effective atomic number value (7.52±0.06), CBV value (3.4±0.7) ml/100 g, CBF value (57±27) ml/(100 g·min); t values were -14.7, -14.5, -11.2, -9.7, respectively, all P<0.001]. No significant difference was found between the hypoperfusion area shown on spectral CTA [(2 292±1 393) mm 2] and shown on CTP-CBF map [(2 290±1 359) mm 2] ( t=-0.076, P=0.944). There was a positive correlation between iodine density value and CBV (affected side: r=0.350, P=0.039, healthy side: r=0.551, P=0.001); a positive correlation was also found between effective atomic number value and CBV (affected side: r=0.488, P=0.003, healthy side: r=0.552, P=0.001); and there was a strong positive correlation between the hypoperfusion area on CTA and that on CTP-CBF ( r=0.993, P<0.001). Conclusion:Dual-layer detector spectral CTA can provide the “one-stop” assessement including head and neck vascular evaluation, as well as the hypoperfution area measument, which can be an alternative rapid method for evaluation of patients with acute ischemic stroke.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of maternal moderate and severe gestational thrombocytopenia (GT) and primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) on neonates.Method:From Jan 2018 to Dec 2019, pregnant women with platelet count <100×10 9/L during pregnancy admitted to our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The infants were assigned into GT group and ITP group according to their mothers' diagnoses. The clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Result:Of 104 mothers with platelet count <100×10 9/L, 32 (30.8%) were diagnosed with ITP and 72 (69.2%) with GT. Gestational age (GA) of the ITP group was smaller than the GT group [(37.0±1.5) weeks vs. (38.0±2.0) weeks, P<0.05]. The maternal platelet count within 24 h before delivery (39×10 9/L vs. 86×10 9/L) and the lowest platelet count during pregnancy (17×10 9/L vs. 75×10 9/L) in the ITP group were both lower than the GT group, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The maternal platelet count after birth in ITP group were lower than the GT group (184×10 9/L vs. 277×10 9/L, P<0.01). Neonates in the ITP group have an increased tendency to develop neonatal thrombocytopenia (NT) than the GT group (43.8% vs. 6.9%, P<0.001). The platelet count on the first day after birth (92×10 9/L vs. 170×10 9/L) and the lowest platelet count (43×10 9/L vs. 103×10 9/L) of NT newborns in the ITP group were lower than the GT group ( P<0.05). No differences existed for the time needed reaching the lowest platelet count in NT newborns between the two groups [(3.5±1.2) d vs. (4.4±0.4) d, P>0.05]. Neither group had intracranial hemorrhage. Conclusion:Neonates born to pregnant mother with platelet count <100×10 9/L have a tendency to develop NT. The incidence of NT in neonates born to mothers with ITP is higher than GT, but the overall prognosis of the newborns is good.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of reproduction on maternal and infant outcomes in female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods:Clinical data of SLE patients complicated with pregnancy admitted in the Peking University People′s Hospital from July 2015 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.According to the history of live birth, SLE patients complicated with pregnancy were divided into primiparity group (94 cases) and reproduction group (32 cases). Maternal and infant outcomes of the 2 groups were analyzed.Results:A total of 126 SLE patients complicated with pregnancy were included in the present study.The proportion of using immunosuppressants was significantly lower in reproduction group than that of primiparity group [3 cases (9.38%) vs.27 cases (28.72%)] ( χ2=4.927, P=0.026). Complications like lupus nephritis, thyroid disease and postpartum hemorrhage significantly increased in the reproduction group (all P<0.05), and the adverse neonatal outcomes like preterm infants, low birth weight infants and small for gestational age infants in the reproduction group were lower than those in primiparity group, but no significant differences were detected(all P>0.05). There were no significant diffe-rences in the results of the first blood routine examination of newborns and the incidence of neonatal pathological jaundice between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:For SLE patients complicated with reproductive pregnancy, although the incidence of some pregnancy complications increases, the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes decreases.In addition, reducing the use of immunosuppressants may have positive implications on neonatal outcomes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Dahuangfuzi decoction on intestinal motility disorder by observing its effect on serum motilin, Cajal interstitial cells and motilin receptor in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:Eighteen clean male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group, SAP group and Dahuangfuzi group ( n=6 each group). The SAP rat model was prepared by retrogradely injected 4% sodium taurocholate into cholangiopancreatic duct. The rats in the SAP group were given 2 mL normal saline (37℃) enema at 12 and 24 h after operation. The rats in the Dahuangfuzi group was given 2 mL Dahuangfuzi decoction (37℃) enema at 12 and 24 h respectively. For the control group, the pancreas was exposed in the same way and then the abdomen was closed. Forty-eight h after operation, the abdominal aorta blood samples were taken for determination of serum endotoxin and amylase, and for detection of serum motilin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the pathological changes of pancreas and ileum were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of c-kit and motilin receptor protein in ICC in ileum tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:Compared with the control group, the levels of serum endotoxin and amylase in the SAP group were significantly higher [(504.98±88.81) pg/mL vs. (17.76±5.01) pg/mL; (532.28±66.53) vs. (69.45±3.61) U/L, P<0.05], while the levels of serum motilin were significantly lower [(195.4±6.7) ng/L vs. (301±8.10) ng/L, P<0.05], and the scores of c-kit and motilin receptor protein were decreased ( P<0.05); compared with the SAP group, the levels of serum endotoxin and amylase in the Dahuangfuzi group were significantly reduced [(189.9±38.23) pg/mL vs. (504.98±88.81) pg/mL; (294.23±25.66) vs. (532.28±66.53) U/L, P<0.05], while the levels of serum motilin were significantly increased [(264.2±8.3) ng/L vs. (195.4±6.7) ng/L, P<0.05], and the scores of c-kit and motilin receptor protein were increased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Dahuangfuzi decoction can improve the intestinal motility of SAP rats by promoting the secretion of motilin, increasing the activity of ICC cells and the expression of motilin receptor.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2980-2986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare chelerythrine nanoparticles(CHE-NPs),optimize their formulation ,and evaluate its drug release behavior in vitro and its inhibitory effect on melanoma. METHODS :Using methoxy polyethylene glycol-poly (lactic-co- glycolic acid )(mPEG-PLGA)as carrier ,CHE-NPs were prepared by the nano-precipitation method. HPLC method and dialysis bag method were used to determine entrapment efficiency and drug loading. The formulation of CHE-NPs was optimized by Box-Behnken response surface design using overall desirability (OD)of them as dependent variables ,CHE dosage ,mPEG-PLGA concentration and poloxamer 188(F68)concentration as independent variables. The particle size and Zeta potential of CHE-NPs prepared by the optimal formulation were detected ;the characteristics of drug release in vitro were investigated ;the effects of CHE and CHE-NPs on survival rate of mice B 16 melanoma cells were compared ,and median inhibition concentrations (IC50)of them were calculated. RESULTS :The optimal formulation included CHE of 2 mg,mPEG-PLGA of 13 mg/mL,F68 of 1.8%. Average entrapment efficiency rate of CHE-NPs prepared by the optimal formulation was (80.18±1.11)%,average drug loading was (11.36±0.28)%,average OD value was 0.96±0.04 [the relative deviation from predicted value (0.90)of OD was 6.67%]; particle size was (113.1±1.40)nm,and Zeta potential was (-21.6±0.29)mV;polydispersity index was 0.07±0.01(n=3); accumulative release rates of CHE control and CHE-NPs were 90.87% and 68.68% within 8 h,and drug release behavior in vitro of the latter was in accordance with Weibull kinetic model. Inhibitory effect of CHE-NPs on B 16 melanoma cells was significantly stronger than that of CHE ;the 24 h IC 50 of CHE-NPs and CHEwere 69.35 and 107.36 μg/mL,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :The prepared CHE-NPs show good sustained-effect and high capacity of drug loading ,and strengthen the inhibitory effect of CHE on melanoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with ovulatory dysfunction (AUB-O). Method:A clinical and epidemiological investigation was conducted in 6 688 patients with AUB-O from the provincial, municipal, and county/district hospitals in 29 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities across China to identify the distribution characteristics of their TCM syndromes. Result:The AUB-O patients nationwide were mainly differentiated into the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome (17.34%), the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (13.25%), the Qi and blood deficiency syndrome (12.62%), the Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (8.45%), and the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome (6.88%). AUB-O resulted from Qi deficiency, Yin deficiency, and blood deficiency, often involving the kidney, spleen and liver. The analysis of the regional distribution of TCM syndromes in AUB-O patients revealed that kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, and Qi and blood deficiency were the shared syndromes. However, due to regional discrepancy, the TCM syndrome varied widely from one geographic region to another. The kidney Qi deficiency syndrome was more frequently seen in North China, Northwest China, Southwest China, and East China, but less frequently in central China, Northeast China, and South China. The spleen Qi deficiency syndrome occurred most frequently in central China, while the East China had the highest frequency of Qi and blood deficiency syndrome. The spleen and kidney deficiency syndrome was mostly present in central China, North China, and Southwest China, the Qi deficiency (kidney deficiency) and blood stasis syndrome in Northwest China, South China, and North China, the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome in East China, Northwest China, and Northeast China, the deficiency-heat syndrome in Southwest China and East China, the kidney Yang deficiency syndrome in South China, the liver depression and blood heat syndrome in Northeast China, and the liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome in central China. The diagnostic criteria for the kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, Qi and blood deficiency, Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and kidney Yin deficiency syndromes were not significantly different from the previous ones. The distinctive symptoms for the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome were irregular vaginal bleeding, heavy menstrual flow, or shortened menstrual cycle, back soreness and pain, and forgetfulness, while those for the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome mainly included the shortened menstrual cycle, mental fatigue, lack of strength, poor appetite, loose stool, and white tongue coating. The Qi and blood deficiency syndrome were mainly manifested as the shortness of breath, laziness to speak, pale complexion, dizziness, and palpitation. The Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were mainly judged by the scanty menstrual flow frequently or occasionally accompanied by blood clots, mental fatigue, lack of strength, and dark purple tongue. The ovulatory bleeding, dizziness, tinnitus, vexing heat in chest, palms and soles, and night sweat were the characteristic signs for the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome. Conclusion:There exist certain rules in the geographical distribution of TCM syndromes of AUB-O patients, which has provided a reference for the clinical treatment of AUB-O in accordance with the local conditions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shaoyaotang on the contents of cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) in serum of large intestine damp-heat syndrome of ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats, and the gene and protein expressions of leukocyte differentiation antigen14 (CD14), Fas-related death domain protein (FADD) and cysteinyl aspartate specific protease-8 (Caspase-8) in the focal colon tissue. Method:A total of 80 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into the blank group (<italic>n</italic>=10) and modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=70). The large intestine damp-heat syndrome of UC rats was replicated by the combination of disease and syndrome, which was high-fat, high-sugar and spicy diets combined with 2, 4-dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNBS) and ethanol. After successful modeling, the modeled groups were divided into model group, sulfasalazine (SASP)control group, and low, medium and high-dose Shaoyaotang groups by the method of random number table, with14 rats in each group. Low, medium and high doses of Sulfasalazine 0.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and Shaoyaotang (6, 12, 24 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>)were given by gavage. The blank group and the model group were given equal volume of normal saline for 21 days. The contents of serum ICAM-1 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the expressions of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 mRNA in colon tissues were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the expressions of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 protein in colon tissues were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, the serum ICAM-1 level in the model group were significantly increased, whereas the content of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The relative expression levels of CD14, FADD, Caspase-8 mRNA and protein were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the content of ICAM-1 in the serum of the rats in the medium, high-dose Shaoyaotang groups and the SASP group were significantly decreased, while the content of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the serum of the rats in the low, medium, high-dose Shaoyaotang groups and the SASP group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The expression levels of CD14, FADD, Caspase-8 mRNA and protein in each intervention group were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), especially in the high-dose Shaoyaotang group and the SASP group. Conclusion:Shaoyaotang has a certain intervention effect on UC rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 genes and proteins expression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905851

ABSTRACT

The global incidence of breast cancer has increased year by year. Breast cancer has the highest mortality rate in female patients with malignant tumors. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has made great contribution to health of human being, improving the overall curative effect, reducing the patients' pain, improving the quality of life and alleviating adverse reactions in patients. TCM and its active compounds can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest, invasion, metastasis and reversing multidrug resistance. The effect of the compounds in TCM is obvious on inducing the arrest of the breast cancer cells cycle. It′s a novel method to fight against breast cancer by influencing the progress of the breast cancer cell cycle and inducing the cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells. Lots of studies have shown that the G2/M phase checkpoint which transition from gap-phase (G2 phase) to mitotic phase (M phase) in the cell cycle is the key point for cell survival or death. Many antitumor drugs can inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells through the cell cycle arrest. We summarized the domestic and foreign literatures in recent years, and comprehensively explained the research progress on the related regulatory molecules in G2/M arrest. In addition, we summarized and sorted out the researches on the methods and ways of alkaloids, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, saponins and other active compounds of TCM in inducing the G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells. By summarizing the active compounds of various Chinese medicines in inducing G2/M arrest of breast cancer cells, and reviewing the research progress on mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells, we will, in this paper, investigate the mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells through inducing G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells, so as to provide a scientific basis for in-depth research on the anti-breast cancer mechanism of the active compounds in TCM.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create a prediction model that could be used to stratify the risk of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease by using test data based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and general clinical data. Methods:A total of 114 patients with stable coronary artery disease were consecutively enrolled from the Cardiology Coronary Artery Disease Database of our hospital from December, 2014 to December, 2018, all the patients underwent CPET before coronary angiography. LASSO was used for feature selection. A nomogram was formulated based on the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis using the RMS package of R. The predictive power was assessed with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:Seven predictors were identified based on LASSO: coronary angiography results, the maximum value of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (EqCO2max), lymphocyte count, fasting blood glucose levels, cardiac muscle enzyme positivity, blood homocysteine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Combined with clinical experience and weighting analysis, the final four factors were included for Logistic regression modeling: coronary angiography results, EqCO2max, lymphocyte count and fasting blood glucose levels. The area under the curve was 0.875 for the model. Conclusion:EqCO2max and lymphocyte count are key predictors for stable coronary heart disease and can be used to identify patients at high risk for cardiac rehabilitation. A risk stratification model based on CPET and laboratory tests can be used to assess risk stratification for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904717

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical utility and safety of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB)-guided microwave ablation (MWA) in the patients with inoperable high-risk pulmonary nodules. Methods    Clinical data of patients who were diagnosed with inoperable pulmonary nodules highly suspected as malignant tumors and treated with ENB-guided MWA in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from December 2019 to September 2020 were retrospectively collected and analyzed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the procedure. There were 6 males and 3 females aged 72.0 (59.5-77.0) years. Results    Totally ENB-guided MWA was performed in 9 patients with 12 lesions. All patients suffered from at least one chronic comorbidity. The inoperable reasons included poor pulmonary function (55.6%), comorbidities of other organs which made the surgery intolerable (33.3%), multiple lesions in different lobes or segments (22.2%), personal wills (22.2%) and advanced in age (11.1%). The median diameter of nodules was 13.5 (9.5-22.0) mm and the median distance from the edge of nodules to pleura was 5.3 (1.8-16.3) mm. Bronchoscope maneuver to the targeted lesions was manipulated according to navigation pathway under visual and X-ray guidance and confirmed with radial ultrasound probe. Rapid on-site evaluation also helped with primary pathological confirmation of biopsy specimen. Among all the lesions, 4 adenocarcinoma, 1 non-small cell lung cancer-not otherwise specified and 2 inflammatory lesions were reported in postoperative pathological diagnosis, while no malignant cells were found in 5 specimens. The ablation success rate was 83.3% (10/12). For the two off-targeted lesions, percutaneous ablations were performed as salvage treatment subsequently. The median hospitalization time was 3.0 (2.0-3.0) days and no short-term complications were reported in these patients. Conclusion    ENB-guided MWA is a safe and effective procedure for patients with high-risk pulmonary nodules when thoracic surgery cannot be tolerated.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E638-E645, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904449

ABSTRACT

Objective By comparing the physical properties (cell area, volume and elastic modulus) of red blood cells (RBCs) between newborn infants and the elderly over 80 years old, and correlation with the physiological and biochemical parameters such as total cholesterol and glycosylated hemoglobin, the effects of different ages and biochemical parameters on RBC physical properties were analyzed. Methods The mcropipette aspiration was used to measure the surface area, volume and elastic modulus of erythrocytes in newborn infants and the elderly over 80 years old, and the data were analyzed by statistical distribution analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis. Results The mean values of RBC volume, surface area and elastic modulus in the elderly over 80 years old were smaller than those in newborn infants, and the mean values of RBC mechanical parameters in the same age group were not significantly different. The erythrocytes geometric parameter distribution of newborn infants was more concentrated than that of the elderly, while the elastic modulus distribution of newborn infants was more dispersed than that of the elderly. The mechanical properties of RBCs in newborn infants were highly correlated with the total cholesterol and gestational week; the mechanical properties of RBCs in the elderly were highly correlated with diastolic blood pressure and glycated hemoglobin. Conclusions There are significant differences in physical properties of RBCs between newborn infants and the elderly over 80 years old, and the biochemical parameters that affect physical properties of RBCs at different ages are also different.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888085

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Xiaoyao San(XYS) in the treatment of three diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency, ie, depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia, and to provide a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of traditional Chinese medicines. Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) was used to screen the active components of XYS which underwent principal component analysis(PCA) with the available drugs for these three diseases to determine the corresponding biological activities. The targets of XYS on depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were obtained from GeneCards, TTD, CTD, and DrugBank databases. Cytoscape was used to plot the "individual herbal medicine-active components-potential targets" network. The resulting key targets were subjected to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis. A total of 121 active components of XYS and 38 common targets in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were collected. The key biological pathways were identified, including advanced glycation and products(AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation and products(RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The key targets of XYS in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia included IL6, IL4, and TNF, and the key components were kaempferol, quercetin, aloe-emodin, etc. As revealed by the molecular docking, a strong affinity was observed between the key components and the key targets, which confirmed the results. The therapeutic efficacy of XYS in the treatment of diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency was presumedly achieved by reducing the inflammatory reactions. The current findings are expected to provide novel research ideas and approaches to classify the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of Chinese medicines, as well as a theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of XYS and exploring its clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Depression/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Humans , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887876

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a novel automatic dispensing and injecting system of positron radiopharmaceuticals,for precise dose dispensing,simplified operation,and reduction of occupational radiation exposure. Methods The automatic dispensing and injecting system was fabricated with tungsten alloy as the shielding material.The performance and radiation protection of the device were assessed. Results The total time of injection using the automatic dispensing and injecting system was about 60 s.The ratio of successful injection in stability test was 100%.The deviation of the dispensing dose with the system was ≤3%.With the tungsten alloy shield(40 mmPb of the cabinet,60 mmPb of the countertop,15 mmPb of the protective shield,and 50 mmPb of the inbuilt jar for radiopharmaceuticals),the average dose rate at 30 cm from the device was 1.44 μSv/h,and the radiation dose at the operator's extremity was reduced by 99%. Conclusions This automatic dispensing and injecting system of positron radiopharmaceuticals is easy to operate with precise dispensing dose.It is safe and meets the requirements of radiation protection.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Radiation Dosage , Radiation Protection , Radiopharmaceuticals
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