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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze radiological characteristics of Muller-Weiss disease, evaluate the clinical value of the imaging examination in diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease.@*METHODS@#The imaging data of 26 patients with Muller-Weiss disease were collected from September 2015 to August 2020, including 7 males and 19 females, aged 43 to 68 years old with an average of (52.7±4.6) years old. In the X-ray examination observed the shape and position of the navicular bone. The talar-first metatarsal angle(TFM) was measured on the weight-bearing anteroposterior radiograph. The arch angle and angle between mid-axis of talus and mid-axis of the first metatarsal(Meary angle) were measured on the weight-bearing lateral radiographs. The morphology, density, adjacent joint space and position of the navicular bone were evaluated by computed tomography(CT), and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) was used to observe the shape, signal, cartilage and surrounding soft tissue changes of the navicular bone.@*RESULTS@#Among 26 patients, 21 cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral;X-ray examination showed that the lateral part of navicular bone of foot was compressed and flattened, showing"comma like"or"drop like", navicular moved to the medial side, partial fragmentation of bone, peripheral articular hyperplasia, uneven density and narrowing of relationship gap. According to Meary angle and deformity degree of the affected foot on the lateral X-ray of the load-bearing foot, Maceira staging was performed. There were 0 cases in stageⅠ, 2 cases in stage Ⅱ, 11 cases in stage Ⅲ, 9 cases in stage Ⅳand 4 cases in stage Ⅴ. CT examination showed bone fragmentation, medial displacement of navicular bone and formation of the talocalcaneal joint. MRI examination showed the irregular shape and uneven signal of navicular bone, narrowing of joint space, talocalcaneal joint surface hyperplasia and cartilage destruction, tarsal joint effusion and swelling of surrounding soft tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Muller-Weiss disease has specific imaging manifestation, and an accurate diagnosis can be made based on the patient's age, gender, and clinincal history. Preoperative imaging examination can stage the disease, help clinicians to formulate better surgical plans, and postoperative imaging examination can better evaluate the surgical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cartilage Diseases , Female , Foot Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Hyperplasia/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Talus/pathology , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tarsal Joints
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927848

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods The patients with PTC treated by surgery in the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2016 to January 2021 were selected for analysis.All the patients underwent preoperative ultrasound and CT examinations,the diagnostic values of which for CLNM were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 322 PTC patients were enrolled in this study,including 242 with CLNM and 80 with non-CLNM.The CLNM group and non-CLNM group had significant differences in age,tumor size,and maximum size of lateral CLNM (χ2=20.34,27.34,and 4.30,respectively,all P<0.001).For the central compartment,lateral compartment,and overall compartment,ultrasound diagnosis showed higher sensitivity (χ 2=82.26,P<0.001;χ2=114.01,P<0.001;χ2=82.26,P<0.001) and accuracy (χ2=20.27,P<0.001;χ2=15.56,P<0.001;χ2=44.00,P<0.001) than CT,and had no significant differences from ultrasound combined with CT (all P>0.05).However,ultrasound diagnosis had lower specificity than CT (χ2=17.01,P<0.001;χ2=21.29,P<0.001) in the central compartment and lateral compartment.Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that in the central compartment,lateral compartment,and overall compartment,ultrasound diagnosis had larger AUC than CT (Z=2.99,P=0.003;Z=3.86,P<0.001;Z=4.47,P<0.001) and had no significant difference from ultrasound combined with CT (Z=1.87,P=0.062;Z=1.68,P=0.093;Z=1.61,P=0.107). Conclusions Ultrasound and CT have their own advantages in the diagnosis of central and lateral CLNM.In general,ultrasound has better performance than CT in the diagnosis of CLNM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography/methods
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925756

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic dysfunction. Among the multiple factors, genetic variation acts as important modifiers. Klotho, an enzyme encoded by the klotho (KL) gene in human, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the impact of variants in KL on NAFLD risk remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of KL rs495392 C>A polymorphism on the histological severity of NAFLD. @*Methods@#We evaluated the impact of the KL rs495392 polymorphism on liver histology in 531 Chinese with NAFLD and replicated that in the population-based Rotterdam Study cohort. The interactions between the rs495392, vitamin D, and patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphism were also analyzed. @*Results@#Carriage of the rs495392 A allele had a protective effect on steatosis severity (odds ratio [OR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42–0.89; P=0.010) in Chinese patients. After adjustment for potential confounders, the A allele remained significant with a protective effect (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.45–0.98; P=0.040). The effect on hepatic steatosis was confirmed in the Rotterdam Study cohort. Additional analysis showed the association between serum vitamin D levels and NAFLD specifically in rs495392 A allele carriers, but not in non-carriers. Moreover, we found that the rs495392 A allele attenuated the detrimental impact of PNPLA3 rs738409 G allele on the risk of severe hepatic steatosis. @*Conclusions@#The KL rs495392 polymorphism has a protective effect against hepatic steatosis in patients with NAFLD.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1176-1180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of interleukin (IL)-6/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells infected by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV).Methods:HPV-18 positive HeLa cells cultured in vitro were divided into control group (normal cultured), IL-6 group (stimulated with 50 ng/ml IL-6 for 24 h) and IL-6 + AG490 group (stimulated with 50 ng/ml IL-6 and 100 μmol/L STAT3 signaling pathway inhibitor AG490 for 24 h). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to detect the cell survival rate. The ability of cell clone formation was detected by plate clone formation assay. The cell invasion was detected by transwell chamber assay. The cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of STAT3, phosphorylation of (p)-STAT3, B-cell lymphoma-2 gene (Bcl-2), CyclinD1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Results:Compared with those in the control group, the cell survival rate, clone formation rate, number of invasive cells and the protein expression levels of p-STAT3, Bcl-2, CyclinD1 and MMP-9 in IL-6 group were significantly higher, while the apoptosis rate was significantly lower ( P<0.05); at the same time, compared with those in IL-6 group, the cell survival rate, clone formation rate, the number of invasive cells and the protein expression levels of p-STAT3, Bcl-2, CyclinD1 and MMP-9 in IL-6 + AG490 group were significantly lower, while the apoptosis rate was significantly higher ( P<0.05). Conclusions:IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway plays an important role in the malignant progression of high-risk HPV infected cervical cancer cells, and its mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of CyclinD1, MMP-9, Bcl-2 protein expressions.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904645

ABSTRACT

@#The robotic bronchoscopy system is a new technology for lung lesion location, biopsy and interventional therapy. Its safety and effectiveness have been clinically proven. Based on many advanced technologies carried by the robotic bronchoscopy system, it is more intelligent, convenient and stable when clinicians perform bronchoscopy operations. It has higher accuracy and diagnostic rates, and less complications than bronchoscopy with the assistance of magnetic navigation and ordinary bronchoscopy. This article gave a review of the progress of robotic bronchoscopy systems, and a prospect of the combination with artificial intelligence.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2818-2824, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921161

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious health issue because of its severe sequelae. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV is critical to eliminate chronic HBV infection. Here, we reviewed the progress toward the elimination of HBV infection in children in China in the recent decade. A universal hepatitis B vaccination program started from 2002 has been intensified, with the coverage of timely birth dose >95% of all newborn infants from 2012. Since 2011, China has taken a nationwide program to administer hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) with free of charge in all neonates of HBV-infected mothers, leading to a significant increment of timely use of HBIG. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was declined from around 10% among children in 1980s to 2 × 105 U/mL during the third trimester is increasing, which will further reduce MTCT of HBV. However, there are some challenges in the elimination of HBV infection in children, which need to overcome by the concerted efforts. Nevertheless, it is anticipated that China will achieve the goal set by the World Health Organization that the prevalence of HBsAg in children aged <5 years is ≤0.1% by 2030.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic/prevention & control , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 557-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888707

ABSTRACT

Additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) interacts with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) deubiquitinase to oppose the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1)-mediated histone H2A ubiquitylation. Germline BAP1 mutations are found in a spectrum of human malignancies, while ASXL1 mutations recurrently occur in myeloid neoplasm and are associated with poor prognosis. Nearly all ASXL1 mutations are heterozygous frameshift or nonsense mutations in the middle or to a less extent the C-terminal region, resulting in the production of C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins. How ASXL1 regulates specific target genes and how the C-terminal truncation of ASXL1 promotes leukemogenesis are unclear. Here, we report that ASXL1 interacts with forkhead transcription factors FOXK1 and FOXK2 to regulate a subset of FOXK1/K2 target genes. We show that the C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins are expressed at much higher levels than the wild-type protein in ASXL1 heterozygous leukemia cells, and lose the ability to interact with FOXK1/K2. Specific deletion of the mutant allele eliminates the expression of C-terminally truncated ASXL1 and increases the association of wild-type ASXL1 with BAP1, thereby restoring the expression of BAP1-ASXL1-FOXK1/K2 target genes, particularly those involved in glucose metabolism, oxygen sensing, and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathways. In addition to FOXK1/K2, we also identify other DNA-binding transcription regulators including transcription factors (TFs) which interact with wild-type ASXL1, but not C-terminally truncated mutant. Our results suggest that ASXL1 mutations result in neomorphic alleles that contribute to leukemogenesis at least in part through dominantly inhibiting the wild-type ASXL1 from interacting with BAP1 and thereby impairing the function of ASXL1-BAP1-TF in regulating target genes and leukemia cell growth.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887861

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)parameters in evaluating the formation of Kimmelstiel-Wilson(K-W)nodules in diabetic nephropathy(DN).Methods Sixty-two patients pathologically diagnosed with DN and undergoing CEUS in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from March 2017 to January 2020 were assigned into two groups according to whether K-W nodules were formed.The cortical CEUS parameters and the ratios of cortical to medullary CEUS parameters were compared between the two groups.Results The 62 patients included 19 patients without K-W nodules(group A)and 43 patients with K-W nodules(group B).The median rise time(


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Ultrasonography
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2026-2038, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887779

ABSTRACT

Podophyllotoxin (PTOX) is an aryl-tetralin lignan of plant origin found in some species of Podophyllum such as Dysosma versipellis, Diphylleia sinensis, and Sinopodophyllum hexandrum. Etoposide and teniposide are produced semisynthetically from PTOX and used clinically to treat several forms of cancer. As a typical representative of new drug discovery from natural products, the production of PTOX solely depends on extraction from plants, resulting in severe contradiction between supply and demand. With the advantages of unconstrained resources and eco-friendly reaction conditions, biosynthesis method has become a trend in the production of PTOX and its derivatives. In this review, we summarize the research progress of PTOX biosynthesis in plants and expound the functions of the key enzymes as well as their subcellular location. The synthetic biology for production of PTOX intermediates in a tobacco chassis is also introduced. Finally, the heterologous expression and biotransformation of PTOX in microorganisms is summarized, which sets the foundation for the efficient microbial production of PTOX using cell factories.


Subject(s)
Genes, Plant , Podophyllotoxin/biosynthesis , Podophyllum/genetics
10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 207-210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors and to build a model for predicting successful labor induction with cervical ripening balloon (CRB) in primipara.Methods:312 cases of primipara in late trimester of pregnancy induced by CRB between January 2018 and April 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University were reviewed retrospectively. Factors including gravidity, age, body height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), the cervical Bishop score, neonatal birth weight, pregnant complication and other factors were collected to analyze the effect on successful labor induction.Results:Pregnancy times, cervical Bishop score and height in primipara were positively correlated with the success rate of induced labor, while BMI and neonatal weight were negatively correlated with the success rate of induced labor. The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.849 and diagnostic threshold was 0.725, with a sensitivity of 80.7% and a specificity of 75.7%.Conclusions:Among the primipara, the gravidity and cervical Bishop score are the most significant factors influencing the successful labor induction. These factors can be used as the predictive indexes for the outcome of labor induction along with pregnancy times, height, BMI and neonatal birth weight, which is beneficial to reduce the artificial interventions and improve the success rate of labor induction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 424-428, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826960

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Primary lung cancer and metastatic lung cancer are common malignant tumors of the lung and are the main cause of cancer-related death. Advanced lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer are mainly treated by systemic therapy, and local treatment is also an effective treatment for the refractory or recurrent lesions in the lungs after systemic treatment. ¹²⁵I radioactive particle implantation, as an efficient conformal radiotherapy, has a certain control effect on localized lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous puncture of lung tissue with ¹²⁵I radioactive particle implantation in the treatment of advanced lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer.@*METHODS@#Continuouslycollectedthe clinical and pathological data of 105 patients with advanced lung cancer and metastatic lung cancer treated by ¹²⁵I radioactive seed implantation in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2014 to November 30, 2018. The patients were followed until March, 2019. The clinical efficacy and complications of seedimplantation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 patients were included in the study, 78 patients with advanced lung cancer and 27 patients with lung metastases. The median survival time after seed therapy was 395 days. The 1-year survival rate was about 78.1%, and the 2-year survival rate was about 56.1%. Seed implantation for advanced lung cancer is equivalent to lung metastasis. Seed combined with radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and chemotherapy did not improve seed treatment. However, particle combined with external radiation therapy has a significant survival disadvantage compared with simple seed therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CT-guided ¹²⁵I radioactive seed implantation has controllable complications and can be used as a safe and effective treatment for advanced lung cancer and lung metastases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 460-465, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826954

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Airway stents are used to treat central airway stenosis or tracheal fistula caused by a variety of malignant and benign tracheal diseases as well as iatrogenic procedures. Airway stent placement has a satisfying effect in instantly relieving of symptoms, but the long-term survival of patients still depends on the individualized treatment of the primary diseases. Therefore, exploring the prognostic risk factors of patients who received airway stent placement can be beneficial to the optimization of the placement procedure and also the improvement of individualized clinical management of patients.@*METHODS@#Data of a total of 66 patients who underwent airway stent placement at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University from January 2014 to June 2017 were retrospectively collected. Prognostic effects of the clinical characteristics as age, gender, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and procedure duration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Age and gender had no significant effect on the outcomes of the patients, while higher CCI (P=0.045) and procedure duration over 60 min (P=0.037) were both independent risk factors of poor prognosis. A prognostic nomogram was then constructed, of which the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the concordance index (C-index) was 0.71 and 0.69, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients receiving airway stent placement, the baseline CCI and the procedure duration had prognostic significance in clinical practice.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1815-1823, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Vascular endothelial dysfunction is considered a key pathophysiologic process for the development of acute lung injury. In this study, we aimed at investigating the effects of unfractionated heparin (UFH) on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes of vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) and the potential underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 J mice were randomized into three groups: vehicle, LPS, and LPS + UFH groups. Intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg LPS was used to induce sepsis. Mice in the LPS + UFH group received subcutaneous injection of 8 U UFH 0.5 h before LPS injection. The lung tissue of the mice was collected for assessing lung injury by measuring the lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio and observing histological changes. Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were cultured and used to analyze the effects of UFH on LPS- or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced vascular hyperpermeability, membrane expression of VE-cadherin, p120-catenin, and phosphorylated myosin light chain (p-MLC), and F-actin remodeling, and on the LPS-induced activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinase (Akt)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#In vivo, UFH pretreatment significantly attenuated LPS-induced pulmonary histopathological changes (neutrophil infiltration and erythrocyte effusion, alveolus pulmonis collapse, and thicker septum), decreased the lung W/D, and increased protein concentration (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.57 ± 0.04 vs. 0.32 ± 0.04 mg/mL, P = 0.0092), total cell count (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 9.57 ± 1.23 vs. 3.65 ± 0.78 × 10/mL, P = 0.0155), polymorphonuclear neutrophil percentage (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 88.05% ± 2.88% vs. 22.20% ± 3.92%, P = 0.0002), and TNF-α (460.33 ± 23.48 vs. 189.33 ± 14.19 pg/mL, P = 0.0006) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. In vitro, UFH pre-treatment prevented the LPS-induced decrease in the membrane expression of VE-cadherin (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.368 ± 0.044 vs. 0.716 ± 0.064, P = 0.0114) and p120-catenin (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.208 ± 0.018 vs. 0.924 ± 0.092, P = 0.0016), and the LPS-induced increase in the expression of p-MLC (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.972 ± 0.092 vs. 0.293 ± 0.025, P = 0.0021). Furthermore, UFH attenuated LPS- and TNF-α-induced hyperpermeability of HPMECs (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 8.90 ± 0.66 vs. 15.84 ± 1.09 Ω·cm, P = 0.0056; TNF-α vs. TNF-α + UFH: 11.28 ± 0.64 vs. 18.15 ± 0.98 Ω·cm, P = 0.0042) and F-actin remodeling (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 56.25 ± 1.51 vs. 39.70 ± 1.98, P = 0.0027; TNF-α vs. TNF-α + UFH: 55.42 ± 1.42 vs. 36.51 ± 1.20, P = 0.0005) in vitro. Additionally, UFH decreased the phosphorylation of Akt (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.977 ± 0.081 vs. 0.466 ± 0.035, P = 0.0045) and I kappa B Kinase (IKK) (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 1.023 ± 0.070 vs. 0.578 ± 0.044, P = 0.0060), and the nuclear translocation of NF-κB (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 1.003 ± 0.077 vs. 0.503 ± 0.065, P = 0.0078) in HPMECs, which was similar to the effect of the PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The protective effect of UFH against LPS-induced pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction involves VE-cadherin stabilization and PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821088

ABSTRACT

@#Tuberculosis(TB)treatment is currently falling into a gigantic dilemma-particularly with the increased frequentcy TB resistance, so the development of new anti-tuberculosis drugs is imperative and has received extensive attention. In the past decade, significant progress has been made in this field. Bedaquiline, delamanid and pretomanid have been approved for the clinical use. In addition, many other drugs and combination protocols are undergoing clinical trials. This review focuses on the new chemical entities for TB treatments from multiple perspectives, including the mechanisms of action, in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities, pharmacokinetic properties and clinical results. Anti-tuberculosis drug research is prospected to provide a reference for drug deve-lopment.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 810-812, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820896

ABSTRACT

@#Conjunctival reconstruction is commonly used in severe conjunctival defect caused by chemical or thermal burns. The problems of conjunctival transplantation, including shortage of autogenous conjunctiva and immunological rejection of xenogenous conjunctiva or materials, could be solved by tissue engineering conjunctiva. A scaffold material with well biocompatibility and sufficient biomechanical property plays a critical role in the construction of tissue engineering conjunctiva. In this review, the latest research progress and the existing problems of scafflod materials in tissue engineering conjunctiva were summarized.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878676

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term outcome of T1bN0M0 papillary thyroid cancer after ultrasonography-guided radiofrequency ablation(RFA). Methods Eighty-nine patients with T1bN0M0 papillary thyroid cancer who were treated with ultrasonography-guided RFA in our center from April 2014 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Trans-isthmus approach and moving shot technique were used during the RFA procedure.Ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography were performed before ablation,and immediately,1,3,6 and 12 months after ablation and then every 6 months thereafter. Results RFA was performed in 89 cases of papillary thyroid cancer,and no major complications were observed during the RFA.The mean follow-up was(18.8±7.3)months.The ablation zones decreased gradually during follow-up,and 38 ablation zones(42.7%)completely disappeared.The volume reduction rate was(99.2±2.3)% 30 months after ablation.During follow-up,2 patients(2.2%)developed tumor recurrence and 1 patient(1.1%)developed cervical lymph node metastasis. Conclusion Ultrasonography-guided RFA may be a safe and effective method for patients with T1bN0M0 papillary thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiofrequency Ablation , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818979

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of excretory-secretory protein (AES) from adult Trichinella spiralis on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic rhinitis in mice. Methods Eighteen female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups, including the blank control group (Group A), OVA-induced rhinitis group (Group B) and AES treatment group (Group C). Mice in Group A were given PBS. Mice in Group B were intraperitoneally injected with antigen adjuvant suspension for systemic sensitization, once every other day for seven times; then, local excitation was intranasally induced with 5% OVA solution once a day for seven times to establish a mouse model of allergic rhinitis. In addition to induction of allergic rhinitis, mice in Group C were given 25 μg AES at baseline sensitization and local excitation. Following the final challenge, mice were observed for 30 min in each group, and the behavioral score was evaluated. The serum levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and TGF-β were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in mice, and the pathological changes of mouse nasal mucosa were observed under a microscope. Results There was a significant difference in the mouse behavioral scores among the three groups (F = 110.12, P < 0.01). The mouse behavioral score was significantly higher in Group B than in Group A (7.17 ± 0.75 vs. 1.33 ± 0.52, P < 0.01), and more remarkable pathological damages of mouse nasal mucosa were seen in Group B than in Group A, while the mouse behavioral score was significantly decreased in Group C than in Group B (P < 0.01), and the pathological damages of mouse nasal mucosa remarkably alleviated in Group C relative to Group B. There was a significant difference in serum IFN-γ level among the three groups (F = 7.50, P < 0.01) and the serum IFN-γ level in Group B was significantly lower than in group A and C (both P < 0.05). There were significant differences in serum IL-4 (F = 470.81, P < 0.01) and IL-5 levels (F =68.20, P < 0.01) among the three groups, and significantly greater serum IL-4 and IL-5 levels were detected in Group B than in Group A (P < 0.01), while significantly lower serum IL-4 and IL-5 levels were detected in Group C than in Group B (P < 0.01). There were significant differences in serum IL-10 (F = 174.91, P < 0.01) and TGF-β levels (F = 9.39, P < 0.01) among the three groups, and significantly greater serum IL-10 and TGF-β levels were seen in Group C than in Group B (both P < 0.05). Conclusion T. spiralis AES has a remarkable protective activity against OVA-induced allergic rhinitis in mice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818527

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of excretory-secretory protein (AES) from adult Trichinella spiralis on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic rhinitis in mice. Methods Eighteen female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups, including the blank control group (Group A), OVA-induced rhinitis group (Group B) and AES treatment group (Group C). Mice in Group A were given PBS. Mice in Group B were intraperitoneally injected with antigen adjuvant suspension for systemic sensitization, once every other day for seven times; then, local excitation was intranasally induced with 5% OVA solution once a day for seven times to establish a mouse model of allergic rhinitis. In addition to induction of allergic rhinitis, mice in Group C were given 25 μg AES at baseline sensitization and local excitation. Following the final challenge, mice were observed for 30 min in each group, and the behavioral score was evaluated. The serum levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and TGF-β were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in mice, and the pathological changes of mouse nasal mucosa were observed under a microscope. Results There was a significant difference in the mouse behavioral scores among the three groups (F = 110.12, P < 0.01). The mouse behavioral score was significantly higher in Group B than in Group A (7.17 ± 0.75 vs. 1.33 ± 0.52, P < 0.01), and more remarkable pathological damages of mouse nasal mucosa were seen in Group B than in Group A, while the mouse behavioral score was significantly decreased in Group C than in Group B (P < 0.01), and the pathological damages of mouse nasal mucosa remarkably alleviated in Group C relative to Group B. There was a significant difference in serum IFN-γ level among the three groups (F = 7.50, P < 0.01) and the serum IFN-γ level in Group B was significantly lower than in group A and C (both P < 0.05). There were significant differences in serum IL-4 (F = 470.81, P < 0.01) and IL-5 levels (F =68.20, P < 0.01) among the three groups, and significantly greater serum IL-4 and IL-5 levels were detected in Group B than in Group A (P < 0.01), while significantly lower serum IL-4 and IL-5 levels were detected in Group C than in Group B (P < 0.01). There were significant differences in serum IL-10 (F = 174.91, P < 0.01) and TGF-β levels (F = 9.39, P < 0.01) among the three groups, and significantly greater serum IL-10 and TGF-β levels were seen in Group C than in Group B (both P < 0.05). Conclusion T. spiralis AES has a remarkable protective activity against OVA-induced allergic rhinitis in mice.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 273-277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818226

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to compared the clinical effect of ureteroscopic holmium laser incision (USHLI) with that of ureteroscopic cold knife incision (USCKI) in the treatment of ureteral stricture. Methods Seventy-eight patients with ureteral stricture underwent USHLI (n = 40) or USCKI (n = 38) in the Armed Police Corps Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2010 to December 2016. Comparisons were made between the two surgical strategies in the operation time, postoperative complications, hospital days, short-term effect and long-term effect.Results Mild postoperative hematuria occurred in all the patients of the USHLI group, which lasted 1-2 days before it disappeared without intervention, but with no other severe complications as adjacent organ injury, ureteral avulsion, or massive hemorrhage. Moderate postoperative hematuria was observed in all the patients of the USCKI group, which was stopped at 2-3 days by administration of hemostatics. Compared with USCKI, USHLI achieved a significantly shorter operation time ([43.4 ± 5.8] vs [35.3 ± 3.8] min, P < 0.05) and postoperative hospital stay ([5.0 ± 1.4] vs [4.0 ± 0.8] d, P < 0.05), lower incidence of postoperative infection (27.3% vs 7.7%, P < 0.05), and higher cure rate (57.6% vs 87.2%, P < 0.05). Conclusion USHLI, with its advantages of less damage, lower recurrence rate and fewer complications, is obviously superior to USCKI in the treatment of ureteral stricture.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744347

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of preoperative intranasal dexmedetomidine in pediatric anesthesia.Methods From April 2014 to April 2017,40 pediatric patients who accepted elective circumcision,ASA Ⅰ,aged 2 to 10 years in Wenjiang Branch of Sichan Provincial People's Hospital were divided into two groups,with 20 cases in each group.The test group received intranasal dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg,and the control group received intranasal equal volume of saline 30 min before surgery.HR,SpO2,BP were monitored and recorded before intranasal (T0),5min after intranasal (T1),10min after intranasal (T2),20min after intranasal (T3),30min after intranasal (T4).The sedation score was assessed after 30 min of administration.The restless score was observed after waking.Results ANOVA analysis showed that there were significant differences in SBP (F =14.54,P < 0.05) and DBP (F =22.69,P < 0.05) between the two groups,and the SBP (F =13.77,P < 0.05),DBP (F =10.48,P < 0.05),HR(F =5.13,P < 0.05) had interaction effects.Compared with those of the control group,the heart rate and the diastolic pressure of the test group were decreased at T2 ~ T4 (all P < 0.05).The sedation score of the test group was superior than that of the control group(t =-9.131,P <0.05),and the postoperative agitation score was lower than that of the control group (t =3.387,P < 0.05).Conclusion Intranasal dexmedetomidine can provide satisfactory sedative effects without affecting the vital signs of children and significantly reducing the postoperative agitation.

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