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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the histological differences between magnetic anastomosis and traditional suture in canine portal vein (PV) .Methods:Eighteen healthy Chinese garden dogs, either gender, 8-12 months and weighing 13.5-18.9 kg, were randomly divided into magnetic compressive anastomats (MCA) group ( n=9) and hand-sewing (HS) group ( n=9) for PV reconstruction. The time of PV anastomosis was compared between the two groups. HE and Masson staining were performed immediately and at 4, 8, 12 and 24 weeks after operation. The ultrastructure of the anastomosis was observed using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Results:All dogs survived. The PV anastomosis time was significantly shorter in MCA group (3.58±2.75) min than that HS group (12.89±3.12) min, P<0.01. In MCA group, the vascular wall of anastomotic stoma was well aligned immediately after operation, and the shrinkage was obvious in HS group by gross eyes. At 24 weeks, electron microscope scanning showed the re-endothelialization was smooth and endothelial cells arranged regularly at the anastomotic site of the MCA group, whereas different-sized and irregularly aligned endothelial cells and large collagenous fibers arranged in disorder were present at the HS anastomotic stoma. Representative HE and Masson staining confirmed that the magnetic device was associated with decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of fibrotic collagen at 24 weeks explanted anastomotic stomas compared with the HS group. Conclusions:Compared with the HS, MCA produced shorter anastomosis time, smooth anastomotic intima, light fibrous tissue hyperplasia, no foreign body residue, mild inflammatory reaction and reliable technique for canines PV anastomosis.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 191-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873729

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models using magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) technique. Methods Twelve healthy adult crossbred dogs were evenly divided into the MCA and hand suturing (HS) groups according to the anastomosis method between abdominal aorta and artificial blood vessels. The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion, intraoperative condition of anastomotic stoma and postoperative imaging examination of anastomotic stoma were compared between two groups. Results The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion in the MCA group was significantly shorter than that in the HS group [(5.2±2.3) min vs. (24.4±4.3) min, P < 0.001]. No anastomotic leakage of blood or anastomotic stenosis occurred in the MCA group during the operation. Intraoperative anastomotic leakage of blood occurred in all of the 6 dogs in the HS group. Among them, 1 dog died of excessive blood loss, and 2 dogs experienced mild anastomotic stenosis due to repeated repair. Postoperative color Doppler ultrasound and angiography showed smooth blood flow at the anastomotic stoma without stenosis or thrombosis in the MCA group. In the HS group, 4 dogs presented with anastomotic stenosis on angiography at postoperative 4 weeks. Conclusions MCA technique may achieve rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models, which reduces the incidence of anastomotic complications and accelerates postoperative recovery.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733564

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects and prognostic factors of radical surgery for primary gallbladder cancer (GBC).Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 305 patients with primary GBC who underwent radical Ro resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from 2013 to 2017 were collected,including 108 males and 197 females,aged from 30 to 88 years,with a median age of 62 years.According to the different tumor staging,patients underwent corresponding operation and adjuvant treatment based on the postoperative indication of chemotherapy.Observation indicators:(1) results of imaging and laboratory examinations;(2) treatment situations:① surgical situations,② postoperative adjuvant treatment;(3) results of postoperative pathological examination;(4) followup;(5) prognostic factors analysis.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative survival up to December 5,2018,and death was used as the end point.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).Count data were represented as percentage.The survival curve and survival rate were respectively drawn and calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were respectively done using the Log-rank test and COX regression model.Results (1) Results of imaging and laboratory examinations:results of imaging examination showed that diagnostic rates of ultrasound,CT and MRI examination were respectively 84.06% (174/207),85.71% (168/196) and 63.11% (65/103).Results of laboratory examination showed that the positive rates of CA19-9,CA125 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were respectively 55.34% (145/262),48.06% (124/258) and 46.15% (126/273).(2) Treatment situations:① surgical situations:305 patients underwent radical R0 resection for primary GBC,including 145 undergoing liver wedge resection + D2 lymph node dissection,61 undergoing liver wedge resection + D1 lymph node dissection,55 undergoing liver Ⅳ B and Ⅴ segmentectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,11 undergoing liver Ⅳ B and Ⅴ segrnentectomy + D1 lymph node dissection,9 undergoing right hepatectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,5 undergoing liver wedge resection + D2 lymph node dissection + partial colectomy,4 undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy,3 undergoing simple cholecystectomy in Tis stage,3 undergoing right hepatectomy + D1 lymph node dissection,2 undergoing liver ⅣB and Ⅴ segmentectomy + D2 lymph node dissection + partial colectomy,1 undergoing liver Ⅳ B and Ⅴ segmentectomy + resection and reconstruction of portal vein + D2 lymph node dissection,1 undergoing liver ⅣB and Ⅴ segmentectomy + D2 lymph node dissection + partial resection of the stomach or duodenum,1 undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy + resection and reconstruction of portal vein,1 undergoing right hepatectomy + pancreaticoduodenectomy,1 undergoing right hepatic lobectomy + partial gastrectomy + D2 lymph node dissection,1 undergoing right hepatic lobectomy + D1 lymph node dissection and 1 undergoing right hepatic trilobectomy + D2 lymph node dissection.Of 94 patients with unsuspected GBC,78 who were diagnosed in the other hospitals received salvage surgery in the authors' center.Twenty-one patients had postoperative surgery-related complications,including 11 with bile leakage,8 with pulmonary infection and 2 with abdominal bleeding.Two patients died in the perioperative period.② Postoperative adjuvant treatment:26 patients underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy.Chemotherapy regimen:gemcitabine + oxaliplatin were used in 12 patients,gemcitabine + tegafur in 7 patients,gemcitabine + cisplatin in 6 patients,oxaliplatin + tegafur in 1 patient.(3) Results of postoperative pathological examination.The postoperative pathological type of 305 patients:257,23,6,5,4,3,3,2,1 and 1 patients were respectively confirmed as pure adenocarcinoma,adenocarcinoma combined with squamous cell carcinoma,adenocarcinoma combined with neuroendocrine carcinoma,mucinous adenocarcinoma,neuroendocrine carcinoma,adenocarcinoma combined with mucinous carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma,sarcomatoid carcinoma,adenocarcinoma combined with sarcomatoid carcinoma,adenocarcinoma combined with signet-ring cell carcinoma.Degree of tumor differentiation:highdifferentiated,moderate-differentiated and low-differentiated tumors were detected in 37,130 and 121 patients,respectively,17 with unknown differentiated degree.Of 305 patients,16 and 32 patients had respectively vascular invasion and nerve invasion.The number of lymph node dissected of 305 patients was 8±5,with positive lymph node of 0 (range,0-9),including 121 with lymphatic metastasis (26 with jumping lymphatic metastasis).TNM staging of 305 patients:stage 0,Ⅰ,Ⅱ,ⅢA,ⅢB,ⅣA and ⅣB were detected in 7,18,13,137,57,11 and 62 patients,respectively.(4) Follow-up:245 of 305 patients were followed up for 18.0 months (range,6.0-70.0 months).The survival time,1-and 3-year survival rates were respectively 29.5 months (range,0.5-69.9 months),71.6% and 45.8%.One hundred and twenty-two patients died during the follow-up.(5) Prognostic factors analysis:the results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative level of bilirubin,pathological type,degree of tumor differentiation,liver invasion,vascular invasion,nerve invasion,T staging,N staging and postoperative chemotherapy were factors affecting prognosis of patients with primary GBC (x2 =10.26,3.96,45.89,34.64,12.75,27.05,35.09,39.44,4.40,P<0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that low-differentiated tumor,liver invasion and N2 staging were independent risk factors affecting prognosis of patients with primary GBC [odds ratio (OR)=1.90,1.71,1.46,95% confidence interval (CI):1.34-2.70,1.15-2.52,1.17-1.82,P<0.05],and postoperative chemotherapy was a protective factor affecting prognosis of patients with primary GBC (OR=0.35,95% CI:0.15-0.82,P<0.05).Conclusions For patients with primary GBC undergoing radical resection,D2 lymph node dissection should be performed routinely.The low-differentiated tumor,liver invasion and N2 staging are independent risk factors affecting prognosis of patients,and postoperative chemotherapy is a protective factor.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772492

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic surgery based on magnetic anchor technique has great potential for further minimally invasive surgery and good surgical field exposure, in which the internal grasper is the key factor. In this paper, an internal grasper based on magnetic anchor laparoscopic surgery is designed, which consists of three parts:target magnet, connection module and tissue forceps. The magnetic shield shell is used to wrap the magnetic core in the target magnet, which not only can increase the magnetic force in the working area, but also reduce the magnetic interference between the instruments, and the connecting module can flexibly adjust the length of the internal grasper. The special structure of tissue gripper can effectively reduce deputy injury and facilitate the replacement of clamp position. It has many advantages, such as ingenious design, easy processing, simple operation and wide range of application, which greatly increased its clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Laparoscopy , Magnetics , Magnets , Surgical Instruments
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689819

ABSTRACT

Magnetic anchor technique can reduce the number of trocar in laparoscopic surgery. The laparoscopic magnetic anchor system consists of an external anchor magnet and the magnetic clutch system. Electromagnetic control laparoscopic surgery clutch system includes the internal grasper and the operating forceps. In this design, a permanent magnet is set at the tail of the internal grasper, and an electromagnetic device is installed at the head of the operating forceps. The magnetic field direction of the electromagnetic device can be changed by switching the positive pole and the negative pole of the electromagnetic device, so as to control the separation and combination of the operating forceps and the internal grasper. The design of this system is ingenious, easy to manufacture and the operation is simple.


Subject(s)
Electromagnetic Phenomena , Equipment Design , Laparoscopy , Magnetics , Surgical Instruments
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic gastrostomy combined with magnetic compression techniques in dogs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The magnetic compression device consisted of a couple of cylindrical magnets with a hole in the center. A 14-French gastric tube was inserted through the hole and fixed on the parent magnets. Four male mongrel dogs were selected randomly for the operation. The daughter magnet was placed into the dog's gastric body by a Zebra Guidewire under endoscopy, then a skin incision was performed on the left upper abdomen, through which the subcutaneous tissues and muscle were isolated up to the peritoneum. The parent magnet was placed on the surface of the peritoneum, which attracted the daughter magnet inside the gastric cavity automatically to compress the gastric wall and peritoneum. A needle was inserted through the gastric tube and punctured the tissue in the hole of the magnets repeatedly to form a fistula. After removing the needle, the gastrostomy was complete. The fistula was observed and its specimen was taken two weeks later under laparotomy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the four operations were successfully performed, and the operation time was 11-15 minutes. The stoma was matured immediately, through which early enteral nutrition support was administered. The gastric wall and peritoneum were observed with well healing and no adhesion in the abdominal cavity under laparotomy two weeks after the operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The gastrostomy performed by magnetic compression technique combined with endoscopy is convenient, minimally invasive and safe, which may be used in future clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Animals , Catheterization , Dogs , Enteral Nutrition , Gastroscopy , Gastrostomy , Laparotomy , Magnetics , Male , Santonin , Stomach , Surgical Stomas , Wound Healing
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 32-38, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268369

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a hereditary tumor disorder caused by mutations or deletions of the VHL gene. Few studies have documented the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of the occurrence of VHL disease in China. This study armed to present clinical and genetic analyses of VHL within a five-generation VHL family from Northwestern China, and summarize the VHL mutations and clinical characteristics of Chinese families with VHL according to previous studies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An epidemiological investigation of family members was done to collect the general information. A retrospective study of clinical VHL cases was launched to collect the relative clinical data. Genetic linkage and haplotype analysis were used to make sure the linkage of VHL to disease in this family. The VHL gene screening was performed by directly analyzing DNA sequence output. At last, we summarized the VHL gene mutation in China by the literature review.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A five-generation North-western Chinese family afflicted with VHL disease was traced in this research. The family consisted of 38 living family members, of whom nine were affected. The individuals afflicted with VHL exhibited multi-organ tumors that included pheochromocytomas (8), central nervous system hemangioblastomas (3), pancreatic endocrine tumors (2), pancreatic cysts (3), renal cysts (4), and paragangliomas (2). A linkage analysis resulted in a high maximal LOD score of 8.26 (theta = 0.0) for the marker D3S1263, which is in the same chromosome region as VHL. Sequence analysis resulted in the identification of a functional C>T transition mutation (c. 499 C>T, p.R167W) located in exon 3 of the 167 th codon of VHL. All affected individuals shared this mutation, whereas the unaffected family members and an additional 100 unrelated healthy individuals did not. To date, 49 mutations have been associated with this disease in Chinese populations. The most frequent VHL mutations in China are p.S65 W, p.N78 S, p.R161Q and p.R167 W.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results supported the notion that the genomic sequence that corresponds to the 167 th residue of VHL is a mutational hotspot. Further research is needed to clarify the molecular role of VHL in the development of organ-specific tumors.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Female , Haplotypes , Genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein , Genetics , Young Adult , von Hippel-Lindau Disease , Diagnosis , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432138

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term and long-term effect of cornary-caval shunt accompanied by pericardial devascularization in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by portal hypertension.Methods Eleven patients with portal hypertension underwent cornary-caval shunt accompanied by partial pericardial devascularization were chosen.Of the 11 patients 6 applied autogenous splenic veins for graft and in 5 cases the coronary vein and inferior vena cava were anastomosed directly.Results Of the 11 patients,no operative mortality or early rebleeding.All patients were followed up from 5 months to 11 years with an average of 5 years and 3 months,of whom two died,others having no rebleeding or hepatic encephalopathy.Conclusion Cornary-caval shunt is a highly selective portosystemic shunt.Cornary-caval shunt accompanied by pericardial devascularization is a surgical treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by portal hypertension for its apparent regional antihypertensive effect,the normal blood flow of liver,and reduction of the incidence of rebleeding.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317428

ABSTRACT

CCK correlates with the generation and progression of pancreatic cancer. The research aims to construct eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK (CCK pDNA) and transiently express it in COS-7 cells. Total RNA was extracted from porcine intestinal mucosa. RT-PCR was used to amplify the aimed segments CCKcDNA which was then digested with EcoR1 and BamH1 and inserted into a eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP to construct CCK pDNA. The constructed plasmid was transfected into COS-7 cells by lepofectamine TM2000-mediated transfer method.The expression of CCK in transfected COS-7 cells was detected 24, 48 and 72 h post-transfection with fluorescence microscopy and the expression level of CCK mRNA in transfected COS-7 cells was assayed by using RT-PCR. The results showed CCK pDNA was successfully constructed and expressed transiently in COS-7 cells. Green fluorescent protein could be detected in the COS-7 cells transfected with porcine CCK pDNA 24 h post-transfection. At 48th h post-transfection, the number of positive cells was increased significantly and much brighter green fluorescence could be detected.And 72 h post-transfection, the green fluorescence of positive cells became even stronger, while no green fluorescence was detected in the control group. The expression of CCK mRNA in the cells was detectable by using RT-PCR. In COS-7 cells transfected with CCK pDNA a high level of porcine CCK mRNA was detected while no expression of porcine CCKmRNA was found in the cells transfected with null plasmid. It was concluded CCK pDNA was expressed successfully in COS-7 cells,which lays a foundation for further research on the relationship between CCK and tumor.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634557

ABSTRACT

CCK correlates with the generation and progression of pancreatic cancer. The research aims to construct eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK (CCK pDNA) and transiently express it in COS-7 cells. Total RNA was extracted from porcine intestinal mucosa. RT-PCR was used to amplify the aimed segments CCKcDNA which was then digested with EcoR1 and BamH1 and inserted into a eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP to construct CCK pDNA. The constructed plasmid was transfected into COS-7 cells by lepofectamin 2000-mediated transfer method. The expression of CCK in transfected COS-7 cells was detected 24, 48 and 72 h post-transfection with fluorescence microscopy and the expression level of CCK mRNA in transfected COS-7 cells was assayed by using RT-PCR. The results showed CCK pDNA was successfully constructed and expressed transiently in COS-7 cells. Green fluorescent protein could be detected in the COS-7 cells transfected with porcine CCK pDNA 24 h post-transfection. At 48th h post-transfection, the number of positive cells was increased significantly and much brighter green fluorescence could be detected. And 72 h post-transfection, the green fluorescence of positive cells became even stronger, while no green fluorescence was detected in the control group. The expression of CCK mRNA in the cells was detectable by using RT-PCR. In COS-7 cells transfected with CCK pDNA a high level of porcine CCK mRNA was detected while no expression of porcine CCKmRNA was found in the cells transfected with null plasmid. It was concluded CCK pDNA was expressed successfully in COS-7 cells, which lays a foundation for further research on the relationship between CCK and tumor.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408779

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct eukaryotic expression plasmid of porcine CCK gene pIRES2-EGFP/CCK and express it in COS-7 cells and hamsters. Methods The aimed segments were obtained from intermediate vector pMD18-T/CCK and were inserted into an eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP to construct a recombinant expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK. The recombinant expression plasmid was transfected into COS-7 cells by liposome-mediated gene transfer method and was observed through fluorescence microscope. The plasmid was injected into the skeletal muscle of hamsters directly to detect the expression of the recombinant plasmid in vivo. Results A recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK was successfully constructed. Green fluorescent protein could be detected in the transfected COS-7 cells 24, 48, and 72 hours after the transfection. On the 4th day postinjection into the skeletal muscle of hamsters, the protein could be detected at the injection site and the fluorescence intensity became much stronger on the 14th day than that on the 4th day. On the 42nd day the protein level increased. The green fluorescence protein was never expressed in the untransfected cells. Conclusion The porcine CCK gene eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK is constructed successfully, and is expressed in mammal COS-7 cells and hamsters in vivo. The research paves the way for the cross immunity therapy of hamster pancreatic carcinoma.

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