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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric kidney transplantations at a single center and discuss the related clinical issues.Methods:From January 1990 to October 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 244 pediatric renal transplants. The youngest recipient was aged 1.8 years and the median age of pediatric recipients was 12.2 years. The major disease was primary or hereditary glomerulonephritis ( n=160, 69.0%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), cystic renopathy and other hereditary nephropathies ( n=55, 23.7%). The donor sources included traditional deceased donor ( n=42, 17.2%), living-related donor ( n=19, 7.8%) and organ donation ( n=183, 75.0%). The median age of donors was 2 years (0-51) and the median weight 12.0(2.7-72.0) kg. From January 2013 to October 2019, 170 cases), the major induction immunosuppression regimen was anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) ( n=110, 64.7%) or basiliximab ( n=58, 34.1%). The maintenance regimen was tacrolimus + mycophenolic acid (MPA) + glucocorticosteroids. Finally the outcomes and the complications were analyzed. Results:The survival rates of 244 kidney allograft recipients were 98.1%, 94.5% and 93.4% and the graft survival rates 92.6%, 84.2% and 82.0% at 1/3/5 years respectively. Ten recipients died of accident ( n=2, 20.0%), pneumonia after transplantation ( n=2, 20.0%) and intracranial hemorrhage ( n=2, 20.0%). Thirty-three recipients lost their allografts mainly due to intravascular thrombosis in graft ( n=5, 14.3%), acute rejection ( n=5, 14.3%) and death ( n=9, 25.7%). Besides, among 109 deceased donor allograft recipients, the postoperative outcomes were delayed graft function recovery (DGF) ( n=27, 24.8%), arterial thrombosis ( n=6, 5.5%), venous thrombosis ( n=1, 0.9%), graft perirenal hematoma ( n=6, 5.5%), raft artery stenosis ( n=10, 9.2%) and graft ureteral fistula ( n=1, 0.9%). The incidence of acute rejection was 17.5% and 23.2% at 1/3 year respectively. The recurrent rate of primary disease was 6.9%, including primary FSGS ( n=3, 42.9%) and IgA nephropathy ( n=2, 28.6%). At 1/3 year post-operation, the incidence of pulmonary infection was 16.9% and 22.4% and the incidence of urinary tract infection 26.9% and 31.7%. Excluding recipients with graft failure, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1/2/3 year postoperatively was (80.3±25.2), (81.4±27.8) and (71.8±27.6) ml/(min·1.73 m 2)respectively. Conclusions:The outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations are excellent at our center. Future efforts shall be devoted to optimizing the strategies of donor kidney selection and strengthening preoperative evaluations, perioperative and postoperative managements for improving the long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts. The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively. Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia. Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity. One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE). Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Yet it had no effect on graft function. The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy. Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary, glomerular sclerosis, mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy.@*Results@#During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation, two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively. With long-term dietary control and drug therapy, regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation.@*Conclusions@#LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts. And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence. Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791860

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts .Methods Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts . The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively . Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia .Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity .One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE) . Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) . Yet it had no effect on graft function .The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy .Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary ,glomerular sclerosis , mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy .Results During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation , two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively .With long-term dietary control and drug therapy , regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation .Conclusions LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts .And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence .Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 251-255, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709514

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinicopathologic characteristics of polyomavirus nephropathy (PyVN) in renal transplantation.Methods Clinicopathological data from 101 cases of PyVN from January 2006 to October 2016 in our hospital were collected and analyzed retrospectively.There were 72 males and 29 females.The mean time from operation to the diagnosis of PyVN was 16.5 months (2.2-63.9 months),with 86 cases (85.1%) occurring within 2 years.The indications for biopsy included elevated serum creatinine in 81 cases (80.2%),elevated serum creatinine with proteinuria in 13 (12.9%) cases,active BK virus(BKV) infection in 5 cases (5.0%) and proteinuria in 2 cases (2.0%).Results BK viruia was detected in 98 (97.0%) recipients with viral loads of 1.5 × 109 (0-9.0 × 1011) copies/ml,and BK viremia in 80 (79.2%) recipients with viral loads of 1.8 × 104 (0-2.1 × 107) copies/ml.5 patients lost their graft function at biopsy and the other 96 patients reserved graft function with serum creatinine of 187.0 μmol/L.After 20.1 (3.7-109.6) months of follow-up,19 (18.8%) patients lost their graft function.The average serum creatinine of the 77 patients with graft function was 165.0 μmol/L,with no statistical difference (P > 0.05) compared with that of patients at diagnosis.There were 18 cases of stage A,72 cases of stage B and 11 cases of stage C with 5-year allograft cumulative survival of 92.9%,82.8% and 55.6%,respectively.Conclusions PyVN can occur within 5 years after renal transplantation,mostly within 2 years.The typical clinical manifestations include elevated serum creatinine,BK viruia and BK viremia.The severe the histopathological lesions were correlated the worse the clinical prognosis.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 433-437, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731652

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the necessity of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA)antibody monitoring and graft biopsy on early diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Methods Fifty-one recipients with de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA)were screened and chosen. Donor specific antibody (DSA)and its ability to bind with C1 q were evaluated. Pathological biopsy of the kidney graft was performed. The recipients diagnosed with AMR were divided into the unstable and stable kidney function groups. Type of DSA,binding ability of the complement and Banff score were statistically compared between two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of the kidney graft in the recipients from non-rejection, unstable and stable kidney function groups was performed. Results Type of HLA antibody,mean fluorescent intensity (MFI)of DSA,C1 q binding ability and C4d deposition in peritubular capillary did not significantly differ between the unstable and stable groups (all P>0. 05 ). Histomorphologically,the Banff score of microvasculitis,endarteritis,renal tubule-interstitial nephritis,transplantation glomerulopathy and renal tubular atrophy-stroma fibrosis did not significantly differ between two groups (all P>0. 05 ). In the unstable group,the accumulated survival rate of the kidney graft was significantly lower compared with that in the stable group,which was significantly lower than that of their counterparts who were ineligible for pathological diagnosis (P=0. 002). Conclusions It is necessary to perform regular anti-HLA antibody monitoring and pathological puncture examination after renal transplantation,which contributes to early detection and diagnosis of AMR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437389

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The immune cells of renal al ograft recipients have always been the hot spot of research. However, there are few studies addressing the immune cellsubsets in renal al ograft recipients before operation. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the proportional distribution of immune cellsubsets in renal al ograft recipients before operation. METHODS:Fifteen de novo living-related renal transplant recipients were enrol ed in this study with 15 healthy volunteers, aged 18-40 years, as healthy controls. Flow cytometry was employed to observe the proportion of the immune cellsubsets by extracting peripheral venous blood of al participants. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In the renal al ograft recipients, the proportions of CD4+CD25+T cells, the proportion of CD4+CD25+/CD4+T cells, CD19+B cells, CD19+CD5+B cells, CD19+CD27+B cells, NKG2A/NK cells, and NKG2A/NKG2 cells were al lower than those in the healthy controls;however, the proportion of CD38+IgD-/CD19+B cells and NKG2D cells were higher than those in the healthy controls. The difference of the proportion of immune cellsubsets aforementioned between the two groups was statistical y significant (P<0.05), while no difference was observed in other subsets. Immune cellsubsets in renal al ograft recipients before operation could be used to assess the immune status of the recipients, and also could be seen as the basal control for postoperative immunological monitoring.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 679-682, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423857

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of donor GFR on the early renal function in recipients undergoing living donor transplantation.Methods A total of 172 living donor transplant recipients in our kidney transplantation center from 2006 to 2011 were enrolled into this study.Among them,166 were genetically related (96.5%),while 6 were genetically unrelated (spouses in 5 and other in 1).The predonation GFR was measured by isotope clearance (99mTC-DTPA with few exceptions).The range of donor GFR was 62 to 148 ml/min.The recipients were classified into two groups according to donor graft GFR level (GFR≤45 ml/min,n=76; GFR>45 ml/min,n =96).The predonation dialysis,cold and warm ischemia time,antibody induction,immunosuppressive regimens and HLA mismatch were not significantly different between two groups.Results There were no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative acute rejection and delay graft function (DGF).The postoperative Scr of GFR>45 ml/min group in 1 week,1 month,3 months and 1 year was lower compared with the GFR ≤45 ml/min group,and only the difference of Scr in 1 week was significantly different (P<0.05).A repeated-measure ANOVA revealed no significant differences were found in Scr variation of two groups during the first year after transplantation.Conclusions Predonation GFR of the donor has effect on the Scr of postoperative Ⅰ week of recipients,not on the Scr within a year.Recipients with graft GFR>45 ml/min have lower Scr levels.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 316-321, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415640

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze diagnostic value of renal biopsy in living-related kidney transplantation and the influence of kidneys from marginal donors on the early prognosis of recipients. Methods According to donors age and risks of donors, 142 living-related kidney transplant recipients from February 2004 to July 2008 were divided into marginal donor group (51 cases) and non-marginal donor group (91 cases). Renal biopsy was performed on 49 kidneys Postsurgical serum creatinine (Scr), the lowest Scr and post-transplant complications were analyzed between the two groups. Results Pathological changes were detected in 13 cases. The Scr at 4 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months post-transplant and the lowest level of Scr in marginal donor group were higher than those in non-marginal donor group (all P0.05). Conclusions The early clinical efficacy of the marginal donor is ideal, but the baseline of Scr of recipients is higher than that of recipients with kidneys from non-marginal donors. Renal biopsy has an important diagnostic and therapeutic value for both donors and recipients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422489

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in renal-transplant recipients from our hospital, and summarize the corresponding experiences in diagnosis and management.Methods A retrospective study was performed on 61 documented post-transplant TB cases out of the 2842 patients who received kidney transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between Jan.1991 and Dec.2010.Results TB in the post-renal-transplant population in our hospital displayed the following characteristics:(1) High incidence (2.1% ).54.1% recipients were diagnosed within the first year post-transplant; (2) Lung was the most common site (77.0 %).There was high prevalence (60.7 %) of extra-pulmonary TB (lymphatic TB,23.0 %; pleuritis,13.1 %; graft,11.5%); (3) Fever (83.6 %),cough (55.7 %),sputum (41.0 %) were the most common clinical manifestations.There were also emaciation (3.3 %) and enlargement of lymph nodes (18.0 %); (4) Chest X-ray and CT were of great value during TB diagnosis while purified protein derivative of tuberculin (PPD) skin test had little diagnostic value with a negative result in 56 cases (91.8 %) ; (5) Liver function damage ( 16.4 %),kidney function injury (39.3 %) and peripheral nerve toxicity (3.3 %) were the main adverse reactions of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy,also the major cause of anti-TB failure; (6) Pre-transplant TB (17 cases) increased the probability of TB recurrence (4 cases,23.5 %) post-transplantation; (7) The post-transplant TB patients were accompanied with cellular immune deficiency,resulting in overlapping infection of bacteria,viruses and fungi (19.7 %); (8) 1- and 3-year patient/graft survival rate of patients with post-transplant TB was 85.2 %/78.7 % and 85.2 %/75.4 % respectively. The accumulative mortality rate reached to 14.8%,while overlapping infection was the major cause of death (66.7 %).Conclusion Chinese renal transplant recipients still face a high risk of TB because of their immunecompromised state and epidemiological prevalence of the disease. For the high mortality rate and associated serious complications,rapid diagnosis and effective anti-TB chemotherapy are of great value for TB population.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 427-431, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of BK virus (BKV) infection in renal transplant recipients. Methods A total of 243 renal recipients from our clinic within 48 months after transplantation were enrolled as the trial group and 82 healthy people as the control group. Urine and peripheral blood samples of these two groups were harvested for urinary sediment BKV cytology by Decoy cell counting and BKV DNA by real-time PCR. Results The positive rates of urinary Decoy cell, BKV viruria and viremia were 35.4%, 36.6% and 16.9% in trial group, and 4.9%, 20.7% and 2.9% in control group, respectively. In trial group, the medians of urinary Decoy cell, urinary BKV and peripheral blood BKV were 6/10 HPF, 1.00×104 copy/ml and 6.87×103 copy/ml respectively, while in control group, they were 2/10 HPF, 1.10×104 copy/ml and 2.24×1(3 copy/ml. Compared with the healthy people, the positive rates and the levels of BKV DNA in urine and peripheral blood of recipients were significantly higher. The amount of urinary Decoy cells was positively correlated to urinary BKV load (r=0.636, P<0.01). Conclusions BKV replication is easier to happen in renal recipients as compared to healthy people. Counting of urinary Decoy cells is convenient, useful and sensitive to evaluate BK viruria and viremia in renaltransplant recipients. BKV DNA detection in urine and peripheral blood can be used to screen the evidence of BK reaction in order to prevent irreversible graft damage by BKV.[ Key words ] Kidney transplantation; BK virus; Kidney diseases; Decoy cells

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft in kidney transplantation recipients,and to analyze the relevant clinical conditions and prognosis of renal function.Methods 230 patients received renal allograft biopsy after renal transplantation.The pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft specimens were observed,and the serum creatinine (SCr) in the recipients with different pathological types were analyzed.The function of renal allograft in the recipients was followed-up after one year,and their prognosis was evaluated.Results In 10 cases of protocol biopsy,normal renal tissues were found in 9 cases,IgA nephropathy occurred at the 3rd month after transplantation.In 220 cases having impaired renal function,there were 33 cases of borderline change,45 cases of acute rejection (AR),24 cases of chronic rejection (CR),26 cases of chronic allograft nephrapathy (CAN),and 39 cases of posttransplantation glomerulonephritis (PTGN).Except for above 167 cases,lesions of 28 cases showed multiple pathology types.Furthermore,there were 8 cases of calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity (CNI-NT),7 cases of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN),and 5 cases of acute tubular necrosis (ATN).Five cases could not be diagnosed for little tissue.In the recipients with pathological diagnosis of borderline change,AR,CR,CAN and nephritis,SCr levels were (171 ± 17),(259 ± 25),(343 ± 33),(406 ± 67) and (207 ± 26) respectively.There was significant difference in SCr levels of recipients among the above 5 groups (P<0.01).One year after biopsy,137 recipients (80.2%) were followed up.The dysfunction rate of renal allograft was 3.1%,18.2%,22.2 %,33.3% and 13.5% respectively.The △SCr was (-47 ± 20.7),(-37.3± 36.9),(25.5 ± 24.3),(13.5 ± 27.7) and (25.2 ± 17.1) μmol/L respectively.Conclusion Complex and diverse pathological changes were showed in renal allograft.Accurate diagnoses come from renal biopsy and clinical analysis may help clinicians select appropriate treatment programs to promote long-term graft survival.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 666-668, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392751

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients,and discuss its diagnosis and management. Methods From Jan.1991 to Apr.2007,37 cases of post-operational tuberculosis were identified out of the 2333 renal transplantations done in our center.Among them there were 19 cases with extra-pulmonary foci(51%),which involved allograft kidney in 5 cases,meninges in 4 cases,pleura in 4 cases,lymph node in 3 cases,soft issue in 2 cases,larynx,liver,vertebra and intestine in 1 case each.In 3 cases,there were 2 extrapulmonary sites involved at the same time.Most of the cases happened within one year post-transplant (53%).The most common clinical manifestation was fever. Results After anti-tuberculosis therapy,14 cases were cured and 5 were irresponsible and died.Eight cases (42%) experienced acute rejection and 4 cases(21%)had abnormal liver function during the treatment. Conclusions Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis had a high incidence and high mortality in post-renal-transplant population.Therefore,attention should be given to its differential diagnosis in clinical practice.Balancing anti-tuberculosis and anti-rejection therapy is important for this specific population.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381390

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of invasive fungal infection after kidney transplantation and to evaluate their effect on prognosis. Methods Data of 2573 patients of kidney transplantation in our center from Jan 1994 to May 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into case group and control group according to fungal infection after operation. Differences of age, preoperative conditions, complications after operation, drainage time, application of broad-spectrum antibiotics, and use of anti-rejection drugs were compared between these two groups to identify the risk factors of postoperative fungal infection. The impact of risk factor amount on the incidence and mortality of invasive fungal infection, as well as on the mortality of patients and graft loss rate was analyzed. Results Compared with control group, the number of aged patients elevated significantly, as well as the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF), acute rejection, CMV infection, liver function impairment, delayed incision healing, and myelosuppression went up significantly in case group. The incidence of long drainage time (>1 week), using broad-spectrum antibiotics (>1 week) and anti-rejection drugs was also increased in case group (P<0.01) . Multivariate Logistic regression showed that aging (≥60 years), DGF, delayed incision healing, myelosurppression, and using broad-spectrum antibiotics (>1 week) were independent risk factors for invasive fungal infection. With the risk factor number increasing, the incidence and mortality increased significantly (X2=91.2 and 18.1 ,respectively, P<0.01), the graft loss rate also increased significantly (X2=93.0, P<0.01). Conclusion Evaluaton of risk factors and prevention of fungal infection after kidney transplantation are very important for improving the prognosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 52-56, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397939

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors affecting BK virus(BKV)infection after kidney transplantation.Methods Taking 90 renal recipients as objectives,urine and peripheral blood (PB)samples of which were taken for the BKV cytologieal test of urinary sediment and real-time PCR tests for BKV DNA of both urine and PB at 1,3,6,9 and 12 months after transplantation.Part of the renal-recipients had been received the graft biopsy.According to BKV DNA in urine,90 recipients were divided into two groups:BKV infected group and non-BKV infected group.Potential variables were compared between the two groups and analyzed by Logistic regression model multivariate analysis to assess and rank the BKV infection related factors.Results The positive rates of urine decoy cell,BKV viruria and viremia in 90 renal recipients were 42.2%(38/90),45.6%(41/90)and 22.2%(20/90),respectively.The proportion of the recipients who used FK506+MMF protocol in the BKV infected group was 68.3%(28/41),which was higher than that of the non-BKV infected group 40.8%(20/49,P<0.01).Using FK506+MMF protocol was the independent risk factor impacting on BKV infection in renal recipients(X2=6.579,P=0.01,OR=3.123).Five cases of BK virus associated nephropathy(BKVAN)were diagnosed.Conclusion Using FK506+MMF can increase the possibility of BKV infection and then result in BKVAN in renal transplant recipients,intensively BKV monitoring is necessary for these recipients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-60, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397807

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of donating kidney of marginal donors on the early prognosis of living-related kidney transplant recipients.Methods Sixty-six cases of living-re-lated kidney transplant patients between February 2004 and September 2007 were divided into the marginal donors group(28 cases)and non-marginal donors group(38 cases).Serum creatinine before and after surgery,creatinine clearance after surgery and perioperation complications were compared respectivelv between the 2 groups.Results The serum creatinine levels in the marginal donors group and non-marginal donors group were 154,131,127μmol/L and 132,117,118 ttmol/L on 7th day,1st month and 3rd month after transplantation respectively,and there were no significant differences between the 2 groups(P>0.05).The serum creatinine level in parent-child donating kidney of the 2 groups Was 160,131,126μmol/L and 132,129,126μtmol/L on 7th day,1st month and 3rd month after transplantation respectively,and there were no significant differences too(P>0.05).There was no difference in the rate of perioperation complications and creatinine clearance after kidney transplantation between the 2 groups.Conclusions The early prognosis of marginal donors'recipients is ideal.The marginal donors could be selected as the living-related kidney transplant donors,especially between parent and child,as long as they are evaluated according to stricter criteria.But the long-term prognosis of the recipients should be further observed.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 315-318, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383763

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the influence of cytomegalovirus infection after kidney transplantation on the recipients and the associated risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection .Methods Data of 892 kidney transplantation recipients from January 2000 to December 2004 in our department were analyzed retrospectively . All the recipients were divided into case group (with cytomegalovirus infection) and control group (without cytomegalovirus infection) . Log-Rank test was used to compare the 1-, 3-, 5-year survival of patients and grafts between two groups . The incidence of complications, the difference of regiment of immunosuppressant and anti-CMV drugs were compared as well . The independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection were assessed by Logistic regression analysis . Results One-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of patients in case group were 81 .3%, 72 .8% and 54 .8% respectively, while the patients in control group were 96 .4%,91 .4% and 79 .9% respectively, the prior was significantly lower than the latter (Log-Rank value=49 .62, P<0 .01) . One-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of grafts in case group were 71 .0%, 66 .2% and 46 .1%, while the grafts in control group were 91 .5%, 86 .6% and 74 .5% respectively, the prior was significantly lower than the latter as well (Log-Rank value=44 .87, P<0 .01) . The incidence of acute rejection in case group was 24 .9%, while it was 13 .9% in control group, with significant difference between two groups (x2=14 .49, P<0 .01 ) . Logistic regression showed that acute rejection,mycophenolate mofetil dose more than 2 g, and usage of ATG/ALG or OKT3 were the independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection (OR=1 .464, 3 .097 and 2 .837, P<0 .05 ) . Ganciclovir was the protective factor of cytomegalovirus infection (OR =0 .234, P <0 .01) . Conclusions Cytomegalovirus infection decreases the long-term survival of recipients and grafts in kidney transplantation . Acute rejection, high dose of mycophenolate mofetil, and ATG/ALG or OKT3 are the independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection . Prophylactic usage of ganciclovir after kidney transplantation can effectively reduce cytomegalovirus infection .

18.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 695-700, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381709

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) on the complications and outcomes after renal transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 402 renal transplant recipients maintained on dialysis for more than 3 months were retrospectively studied and divided into 2 groups: HD group(n=303)and PD group(n=99). Among them, 345 recipients were followed up for an average of (30.2±15.2) months. The impact of HD and PD on the acute rejection, delayed graft function (DGF), infection, chronic rejection and the graft and patient survival rates were analyzed. Results The mean dialysis duration was significantly longer in PD group and the hepatitis B infection rate was significantly higher in HD group. There were no signiticant differences between the HD and PD groups in regarding to primary disease for end-stage renal disease, age, gender, blood pressure, hemoglobin, HLA match, hot and cold ischemia time, and hepatitis C vires infection. The incidence of DGF, acute and chronic rejection, and cytomegalovirus and other infections between HD and PD groups were not significantly different. However, the graft loss happened more frequently in hepatatis B patients than that in non hepatitis B patients (19.23% vs 8.86%, P=0.021), and the post-transplant infection ocurred less in non hepatits B patients with PD. The acute rejection episodes were higher in HD patients who received pretransplant dialysis for more than 12 months (P<0.05). The overall recipients survival rates of HD and PD groups were similar (1-year: HD 94.34%, PD 91.25%;5-year: HD 92.83%, PD 90%), and the same as the graft survival rates in HD and PD groups (1-year: HD 93.21%, PD 96.25%;5-year: HD 87.17%, PD 91.25%). Conclusions The influences of PD and HD on the complications after renal transplantaton, 1-year and S-year recipients and graft survival rates are similar, so both HD and PD can be chosen as the pretransplant dialysis modality. As the incidence of acute rejection increases with time in HD, it is better to shorten the time of pretransplant dialysis to decrease the complication.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526617

ABSTRACT

6.2 mmol/L) who underwent renal transplantation accepted pravastatin therapy 10 mg once evening for 8 weeks. Total cholesterol(TC),low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C),high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C),triglyceride(TG),endothelin(ET) and nitrous oxide(NO) were measured before and after pravastatin therapy. The endothelium-dependent relaxing function was measured before and post pravastatin therapy by high-resolution ultrasound. Thirty people with normal blood cholesterol accepted same examination as control. Results The level of ET in renal transplantation group was significantly higher than that of control group,and the level of NO in renal transplantation group was significantly lower than that of control group. After 8 week′s therapy,the level of NO rose significantly,and the level of ET,TC,LDL-C,TG decreased significantly. The level of HDL-C increased but there was no significant difference between two groups. Flow-mediated vasodilations were improved after pravastatin therapy,while the level in transplantation group was lower than that of control group. Conclusion Pravastatin is effective in treatment of dyslipidemia after renal transplantation,which can improve the endothelium-dependent vasodilation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542208

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic role of glucocorticoid in treating cytomegalovirus (CMV) severe pneumonia after kidney transplantation. Methods Two groups of patients with CMV severe pneumonia after kidney transplantation were analyzed. The therapeutics for 12 patients of group A included the elimination of immunosuppressive agents such as cyclosporine (or tacrolimus) and cellcept, the use of antiviral drug such as gancyclovir, measures to prevent and cure other bacterial and fungal infections, supportive therapies and suck of oxygen or mechanical ventilation by respirators. Except for the above therapies, methylprednisolone was routinely injected to those 14 patients of group B. At the beginning, the dose of methylprednisolone was 120 mg/day to 150 mg/day. Three to five days later, the dose was decreased to 80 mg/day. The dose was further decreased to 40 mg/day when patients’ signs were improved. After patients’ signs were excluded, prednisone was taken orally in place of methylprednisolone. In our patients, methylprednisolone was used for average 12 days, ranging from 8 to 21 days. Results Among the patients of group A, 9 (75 %) were treated with mechanical ventilation by respirators, 7 ( 58.33 %) died and 2 ( 16.67 %) received dialysis due to dysfunction of the transplanted kidneys. Among the patients of group B, 4 ( 28.57 %) were treated with mechanical ventilation by respirators, 2 ( 14.29 %) died and no case with the transplanted kidney loss was found. There were significant differences between the two groups on the probability of using mechanical ventilation by respirators and the mortality (P= 0.047 and P= 0.038 respectively). In the patients of group B, no severe side effects caused by methylprednisolone were found. Conclusion The treatment with proper dose of methylprednisolone may extenuate effectively the inflammatory reaction from the CMV severe pneumonia after kidney transplantation while reduce the rejection related to the absence of other immunosuppressants and decrease the mortality and the rate of transplanted kidney loss.

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