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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 216-224, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777194

ABSTRACT

Obesity is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which can lead to a variety of cardiovascular diseases including myocardial remodeling. Obesity may induce myocardial dysfunction by affecting hemodynamics, inducing autonomic imbalance, adipose tissue dysfunction, and mitochondrial dyshomeostasis. The key necessary biochemical functions for metabolic homeostasis are performed in mitochondria, and mitochondrial homeostasis is considered as one of the key determinants for cell viability. Mitochondrial homeostasis is regulated by dynamic regulation of mitochondrial fission and fusion, as well as mitochondrial cristae remodeling, biogenesis, autophagy, and oxidative stress. The mitochondrial fission-fusion and morphological changes of mitochondrial cristae maintain the integrity of the mitochondrial structure. The mitochondria maintain a "healthy" state by balancing biogenesis and autophagy, while reactive oxygen species can act as signaling molecules to regulate intracellular signaling. The excessive accumulation of lipids and lipid metabolism disorder in obesity leads to mitochondrial dyshomeostasis, which activate the apoptotic cascade and lead to myocardial remodeling. In this review, we provide an overview of the recent research progress on obesity-induced myocardial remodeling and its possible mechanism of mitochondrial dyshomeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mitochondria , Pathology , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Myocardium , Pathology , Obesity , Reactive Oxygen Species
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 579-586, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348240

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the life-threatening cardiovascular disease. Mitochondria have emerged as key participants and regulators of cellular energy demands and signal transduction. Mitochondrial quality is controlled by a number of coordinated mechanisms including mitochondrial fission, fusion and mitophagy, which plays an important role in maintaining healthy mitochondria and cardiac function. Recently, dysfunction of each process in mitochondrial quality control has been observed in the ischemic hearts. This review describes the mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy as well as its performance linked to myocardial ischemia. Moreover, in combination with our study, we will discuss the effect of vagal nerve on mitochondria in cardio-protection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256519

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in the range of motion (ROM) and stress of the intervertebral disc and facet joint of the adjacent segments following anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using finite element analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A three-dimensional finite element model of the lower cervical vertebrae was constructed and validated by comparing the ROM of the finite element model against the published data. After the validation of successful modeling, finite element models of ACDF and ACCF were constructed. The ROM and the stress of the intervertebral disc and facet joint of the adjacent segments were compared between the intact lower cervical vertebrae and the cervical vertebrae after ACDF and ACCF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ROM of the finite element model was consistent with the published data. The total ROM and the ROM of the fusion segments with ACDF and ACCF were significantly decreased compared with the intact cervical vertebrae. In the adjacent segments following ACDF and ACCF, the ROM the adjacent segments and the stress peak of the intervertebral disc and facet joint all increased obviously compared with those of intact cervical vertebrae.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>After fusion surgeries, the total ROM of the cervical vertebrae decreases and the ROM of the adjacent segment increases. The stress peak of the intervertebral disc and facet joint of the adjacent segments also increases to significantly alter the physiological characteristics of the intact cervical vertebrae.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496735

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 23 patients with T2a bladder cancer admitted from March 2008 to August 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.Among 23 patients,11 cases were treated with transurethral resection (TURBT) plus arterial catheterization chemotherapy (study group) and 12 cases were treated with radical cystectomy (control group).The overall survival time and recurrence free survival time of two groups were compared.Patients in study group were followed up for 20-68 months,recurrence occurred in 5 cases (5/11),including 4 cases of invasive recurrence;patients in control group were followed up for 2 ~86 months,1 case had superficial recurrent and underwent TURBT,2 cases dead due to bladder tumor.During the course of chemotherapy,the main adverse effects were digestive reaction (7/11),fever (4/11),bone marrow suppression (2/11),symptomatic treatment was given,which was tolerated.There were no significant differences in overall survival time and recurrence free survival time between two groups (P > 0.05).The quality of life of study group was better than that of control group (P < 0.05).It is suggested that the arterial interventional chemotherapy combined with transurethral resection for T2a stage invasive bladder cancer has a certain curative effect with the advantage of preservation of bladder function and higher quality of life.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the surgical methods and its clinical effects and explore a clinical classification and treatment strategy for atlantoaxial dislocation(AAD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 89 patients with atlantoaxial dislocation were analyzed from September 2005 to September 2013. There were 49 males and 40 females, aged from 13 to 67 years with an average of 48.1 years. According to the reductive effects with preoperative cervical dynamic radiograph and high weight skeletal traction under general anesthesia, the dislocations were classified into three types:easy reduction type, hard reduction type and irreducible type. The patients with easy reduction type were treated with posterior screw rod internal fixation after manual reduction, while the patients with hard reduction type were treated with posterior screw rod fixation after high weight skeletal traction reduction under general anesthesia. The patients with irreducible type were treated with transoral atlantoaxial joint release or depression and posterior internal fixation and fusion. According to JOA scores to evaluate the neurological status and treatment outcome.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty patients were classified as easy reduction type, 55 patients as hard reduction type, and 4 patients as irreducible type. The preoperative JOA score was 8.2±3.1 on average, while the postoperative score was 14.2±2.4. The improvement rate was 40.1% to 82.5% with an average of 62.5%. Eighty nine patients were followed up from 6 to 37 months with a mean of 17.3 months. Eighty two cases obtained anatomical reduction and 85 cases obtained bony fusion. One case complicated with hyponatremia after operation and 1 case combined with Guillain-Barre syndrome, 4 cases complicated with delayed union wounds, 1 case died of for respiratory failure 2 years after operation. No wound infections were found in the patients approach for transoral operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>According to the cervical dynamic radiograph and high weight skeletal traction under general anesthesia to classify for atlantoaxial dislocation, and adopting well strategies to treat the patients, can achieve satisfactory effects.</p>

6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 517-524, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331634

ABSTRACT

Calcium overload is one of the important mechanisms of cardiovascular disease. Endoplasmic reticulum is an important organelle which regulates intracellular calcium homeostasis by uptake, storage and mobilization of calcium. So it plays a critical role in regulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis. Endoplasmic reticulum, which is widely distributed in cytoplasm, has a large number of membrane junction sites. Recent studies have reported that these junction sites are distributed on plasma membrane and organelle membranes (mitochondria, lysosomes, Golgi apparatus, etc.), separately. They could form complexes to regulate calcium transport. In this review, we briefly outlined the recent research progresses of endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions in intracellular calcium homeostasis and cardiovascular disease, which may offer a new strategy for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cell Membrane , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Homeostasis , Humans
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 760-764, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336686

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate continuous change in renal function by various clinical factors after radical nephrectomy (RN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients after RN from January 2007 to December 2011 in the First Affiliated Hospital to Soochow University were enrolled, 356 cases continuously enrolled throughout the follow-up process, because of lost, missing data and other material reasons, 185 cases meet the requirements, eventually, including 121 male and 64 female patients, aged from 30 to 88 years (average age: (58 ± 12) years). There were 34 diabetes mellitus, 82 hypertension patients. Open surgery for 132 cases, laparoscopic surgery for 53 cases. Continuous checked serum creatinine at 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 months after RN and calculated to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation.Linear mixed models were carried out to analyze postoperative continuous change in eGFR in multivariate regression analysis postoperative risk factors for changes in renal function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, there was a subsequent restoration of renal function over the follow-up period. The slope (β) for the relationship between the eGFR and the time since RN was 0.099 (95%CI:0.07-0.13, P < 0.01) indicating that each month after RN was associated with an increase in eGFR of 0.099 ml×min(-1)×(1.73 m(2))(-1)×month(-1). The slope (β) was different between the group with clinical factor and its reference group, but the difference in the next three groups with statistically significant after multivariate regression analysis:diabetic and non-diabetic mellitus patients with a slope (β) of -0.02 and 0.12 (P < 0.01) .Hypertension and non-hypertensive patients with a slope (β) of 0.08 and 0.11 (P < 0.05). Age ≤ 50 years, > 50-65 years and > 65 years patients with a slope (β) of 0.15,0.09 and 0.05 (P < 0.05), respectively. There were 13 new-onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) after RN, including 9 patients with CKD III and 4 patients with CKD IV.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Renal function recover continuously during the follow-up period after RN. Preoperative predictors of an increase in eGFR after RN are young age, no diabetes mellitus, no hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Creatine , Blood , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Physiology , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy , Postoperative Period , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 321-326, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333195

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has been recognized as a serious problem for therapy of cardiovascular diseases. Calcium regulation appears to be an important issue in the study of IRI. This article reviews calcium regulation in myocardial and vascular IRI, including the calcium overload and calcium sensitivity in IRI. This review is focused on the key players in Ca(2+) handling in IRI, including membrane damage resulting in increase in Ca(2+) influx, reverse-mode of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchangers leading to increased Ca(2+) entry, the decreased activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase causing SR Ca(2+) uptake dysfunction, and increased activity of Rho kinase. These key players in Ca(2+) homeostasis will provide promising strategies and potential targets for therapy of cardiovascular IRI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Heart , Homeostasis , Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Myocardium , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum , Metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 750-753, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422774

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the value of intraoperative frozen section examination (IFS) in the diagnosis and surgical procedures selection for renal occupying lesions. MethodsFrom January 2006 to December 2010,IFS was used in 114 men and 81 women with renal occupying lesions.The mean age was 52 years (range 17 -78).In 104,89,and 2 patients,lesions were in the right,left and bilateral kidneys,respectively.All patients underwent physical examination,129 were asymptomatic at presentation while clinical symptoms were observed in 66.The largest dimension of the tumors were 4 cm or less in 128 patients,4- 7 cm in 49,and larger than 7 cm in 18,respectively.The outcomes between IFS and postoperative routine paraffin section examination were compared.In cases with renal tumors nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy was performed.The results of IFS were compared between the 2 groups. ResultsThe sensitivity and specificity of IFS for renal malignant lesions was 96.6% and 100%,respectively.The total accuracy rate of IFS for renal occupying lesions was 97.4%.By subgroup analysis,the accuracy rate of clear cell carcinoma,papillary cell carcinoma,chromophobe cell carcinoma,sarcomatoid cancer,nephroblastoma,benign tumor and urothelial cancer was 94.3%,25.0%,16.7%,0,0,97.6% and 100.0%,respectively.Partial nephrectomy and nephrectomy were performed in 57 and 123 patients with renal tumors,respectively.The surgical procedures selection was significantly associated with the lesion size (4 cm or less for 80.7% vs 62.6%,P =0.015) and the malignant lesion diagnosed by IFS (31.6% vs 93.5%,P<0.001). Conclusion The accuracy of frozen section analysis for renal malignant lesions during surgery is reliable and significantly high,and the results can exert an important impact on surgical procedures selection.

10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 219-224, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335998

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of ethanol on action potential (AP) in the isolated rat myocardium and the possible mechanism of electric-physiological changes. Standard microelectrode technique was used to record AP in isolated rat myocardium, and whole cell patch clamp technique was used to record the human Kv1.5 (hKv1.5) channel currents in HEK293 cells. The effects of different concentrations of ethanol (6.25, 12.5, 25.0, 50.0, 100.0 and 200.0 mmol/L) on AP parameters in rat atrium and papillary and Kv1.5 channel currents in HEK293 cells were analyzed. The results showed that in isolated atrium, action potential amplitude (APA), action potential duration (APD), action potential duration of 50% repolarization (APD(50)) and action potential duration of 90% repolarization (APD(90)) were not affected by 6.25 and 12.5 mmol/L ethanol, while APD, APD(50) and APD(90) were prolonged significantly by 25.0-200.0 mmol/L ethanol (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and APA was reduced with 100.0 and 200.0 mmol/L ethanol (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In isolated papillary, APA, APD, APD(50) and APD(90) were not affected by 6.25-25.0 mmol/L ethanol, while APD, APD(50) and APD(90) were prolonged significantly with 50.0-200.0 mmol/L ethanol (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and APA was reduced with 200.0 mmol/L ethanol (P < 0.05). The Kv1.5 channel currents were inhibited by ethanol in a concentration dependent manner in HEK293 cells. These findings suggest that 6.25 and 12.5 mmol/L ethanol produce no effects on AP parameters, and 50.0-200.0 mmol/L ethanol prolong APD significantly in isolated rat atrium and papillary. The prolonged effect on APD in isolated myocardium may be due to the inhibition of the Kv1.5 channel currents.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Ethanol , Pharmacology , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 540-548, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335957

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease and can induce many complications, such as stroke and coronary heart disease. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of ischemia/hypoxia on mesenteric artery vasomotor function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Rat mesenteric arterial rings were cultured in modified ischemia-mimetic solution in a hypoxia incubator for a certain time period. Isometric tension changes of isolated mesenteric arterial rings were recorded continuously by a myograph system. The results obtained were as follows: In SHR group, the maximum contractions to KCl and phenylephrine (PE) were increased, and the maximum relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh) was decreased, compared to those in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats group. Compared with SHR group and WKY with acute ischemia/hypoxia (WKY+H) group, SHR with acute ischemia/hypoxia (SHR+H) increased the maximum contractions induced by KCl and PE and inhibited the maximum relaxations by ACh. In SHR+H and SHR groups, the vasodilation induced by ACh was unaffected by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME), whereas in WKY group, the relaxation to ACh was attenuated by L-NAME. CaCl2-induced contraction in depolarized rings in SHR+H group significantly shifted to the left compared with SHR group. In Ca(2+)-free K-H solution, the maximum contractions induced by PE and caffeine were increased in SHR+H group compared to those in WKY+H group; the PE- and caffeine-induced contractions were also enhanced in SHR group versus WKY group; the maximum contraction induced by PE was significantly increased in SHR+H group versus SHR group. These findings suggest that acute ischemia/hypoxia aggravates mesenteric artery dysfunction in SHR. The mechanism may be related to the decreased NO generation and increased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Hypertension , Hypoxia , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Mesenteric Arteries , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Nitric Oxide , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Vasomotor System
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1104-1107, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239025

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of varicocele on the volume discrepancy of bilateral testes, and the relationship between testicular volume discrepancy and semen parameters.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 181 varicocele patients and 102 normal fertile men without varicocele. We retrospectively analyzed their clinical data, including the grades and locations of varicocele, testis volume and semen parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bilateral testicular volume discrepancy was found in 132 (72.9%) of the varicocele patients (including 117 cases of left testicular hypotrophy [88.6%]), and 35 (34.3%) of the non-varicocele fertile men. The rates of bilateral testicular volume discrepancy were 61.3%, 3.5%, 20.9% and 14.3% in the grade-III, grade-II, grade-I and non-varicocele groups, respectively (P < 0.05), with statistically significant differences among different age groups (P < 0.05). The percentage of morphologically normal sperm and sperm motility were reduced differently with different degrees of testicular volume discrepancy (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testicular volume discrepancy is more common in men with left varicocele, and its prevalence and degree are correlated with the grade of varicocele. Semen quality decreases with the increase of testicular volume discrepancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Organ Size , Retrospective Studies , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Testis , Pathology , Varicocele , Pathology , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore effect and the application value of continuous douche and vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in refractory tissue, and joint infections after complete debridement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>As retrospective analysis of treatment time and restoration or recurrence, from Jan. 2006 to Dec. 2007, 61 cases of refractory tissue, bone and joint infections underwent continuous douche and VSD combined with the treatment of anti-inflammatory and rehabilitation training after debridement in our hospital. The 61 patients included 39 males and 22 females with age ranging from 10 to 58 years with an average of (35 +/- 12) years, among whom 61 identified to have ankle ulcers combined with infections,open fracture combined with infections, sacrococcygeal pressure ulcers combined with infections, infections after hip replacement, infections after open fracture, and infections after skin avulsion postoperation were 11, 15, 9, 3, 5 and 18 cases respectively. The course was from 2 weeks to 11 months with an average of 4 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all 61 patients,the mean healing time was 17, 36, 42, 24, 32, 29 and 28 days in ankle ulcers and infections, tibia and fibula open fracture and infections, femoral shaft fracture and infections, sacrococcygeal pressure ulcers and infections, infections after hip replacement, infections after open fracture, and infections after skin avulsion postoperation respectively. The replacement of VSD was 1, 2-4, 3-5, 1-3, 2-4, 2-3 and 1-3 times in each group respectively. There was no wound recurrence except for 2 cases with recurrent in 61 cases with external fixation nail hole semi-pathological fracture in 1 case of femoral shaft fracture and infection and 1 case of tibia and fibula fracture and infection after follow-up at least one year.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Application of continuous douche and VSD can effectively decrease incidence of complications and promote the refractory tissue, bone and joint infections wound growth, healing and considerably shorten the healing time.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Diseases , Pathology , General Surgery , Child , Debridement , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joint Diseases , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suction , Methods , Therapeutic Irrigation , Methods , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Young Adult
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 317-324, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337744

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the alterations in thoracic aortic vasomotor function in rats with chronic heart failure (CHF) post myocardial infarction (MI), and then explored the possible mechanism of pathological changes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sham and CHF groups randomly. The CHF model group of rats was generated by ligating the left anterior descending artery. In sham-operated rats the ligation was placed but not tightened. A total of 20 rats underwent either sham-operated (n=8) or surgery for MI (n=12). All sham-operated rats survived the surgical procedure and the post-surgical period, whereas total mortality among MI-rats was 25% (3 out of 12). Only MI-rats with infarct-size >30% of the left ventricle (LV) were included for analysis (8 out of 9). Ten weeks after surgery, rats were anaesthetized for hemodynamic measurements, which contains systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP), LV+dp/dt(max) and LV-dp/dt(max). After that hearts were rapidly excised and weighed. Myocardial infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining method. Isolated thoracic artery ring preparations were studied in a wire-myograph. The arterial constrictive responses to KCl, CaCl2, phenylephrine (PE), and caffeine and the arterial diastolic responses to acetylcholine (ACh) were recorded by the Multi Myograph System. To explore the possible mechanism, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N-nitrl-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) and non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor indomethacin (Indo) were used. The results obtained were as follows: (1) CHF group showed an increased contraction response to KCl (5-100 mmol/L) and PE (1x10(-8)-3x10(-4) mol/L), and a reduced endothelium-dependent relaxation response to ACh (1x10(-12)-1x10(-4) mol/L) compared with those observed in sham group (P<0.01, P<0.05); (2) In the presence of L-NAME (1 mmol/L), the endothelium-dependent cumulative contractions to ACh (1x10(-7)-1x 10(-4) mol/L) was significantly enhanced in CHF group (P<0.05), and this effect was reversed by pretreatment with Indo (10 mumol/L); (3) In CHF group, the vessels incubated with Indo (10 mumol/L) showed an increased vasodilation induced by ACh (1x10(-12)-1x10(-4) mol/L) (P<0.05); (4) In the Ca(2+)-free K-H solution, calcium-dependent contraction curves induced by CaCl2 (1x10(-4)-3x10(-2) mol/L) in CHF group significantly shifted to the left compared with sham group (P<0.05); while the vascular contraction induced by caffeine (30 mmol/L) had no significant changes. These findings suggest that thoracic arteries of rats with CHF have endothelial dysfunction, and the contribution of endothelial dilation and contraction was significantly altered in CHF rats. The mechanism could be partly associated with the increased endothelium-dependent contracting factors by COX pathway, or the increased extracellular Ca(2+) influx through voltage-operated channels, thus leading to elevated vasoconstriction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Chronic Disease , Endothelins , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Heart Failure , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasomotor System
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2001-2003, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350763

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although liver transplantation has become a standard therapy for end-stage liver diseases, the experience of pediatric liver transplantation is limited in China. In this article we report our experience in pediatric liver transplantation, and summarize its characters in their indications, surgical techniques, and postoperative managements.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one children (< or = 18 years old) underwent liver transplantation in our centers. The mean age at transplantation was 12.4 years old (ranged from 5 months to 18 years) with 7 children being less than 4 years of age at transplantation. The most common diagnosis of patients who underwent liver transplantation were biliary atresia, Wilson's disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, glycogen storage disease, hepatoblastoma, urea cycle defects, fulminant hepatic failure, etc. The surgical procedures included 12 standard (without venovenous bypass), 6 pigyback, 6 reduced-size, 3 split, 3 living donor liver transplantation, and 1 Domino liver transplantation. The triple-drug (FK506, steroid, and mycophenolate mofetil) immunosuppressive regimen was used in most of patients. Patients were followed up for a mean of 21.8 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five of the 31 patients died during perioperative time; mortality rate was 16.1%. The reasons of death were infections, primary non-function, heart failure, and hypovolemic shock. Postoperative complications in 10 patients included biliary leakage, acute rejection, abdominal infection, hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and pulmonary infection. Overall patient cumulative survival rate at 1-, 3-, and 5-year was 78.1%, 62.6%, 62.6%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The most common indications of pediatric liver transplantation were congenital end-stage liver diseases. According to patients' age and body weight, standard, piggyback, reduced-size, split, or living donor liver transplantation should be performed. Pediatric liver transplantation especially requires higher surgical skills. The early postoperative management is the key to success. Postoperative bile leak was common, but most patients underwent liver transplantation had a better prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Liver Transplantation , Mortality , Male , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 926-929, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in monitoring vascular complications following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven hundred ninety-two patients who received OLT from April 2002 to December 2006 in the Organ Transplantation Center, General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Beijing, and underwent CDFI examinations in different periods after OLT were enrolled in this study. Their vascular complications were monitored by CDFI and confirmed by angiography or spiral CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 792 patients, 54 were diagnosed with vascular complications that occurred 1-360 days after their OLT operations. These complications occurred within 1-30 days, 31-60 days, 61-90 days, 91-180 days, 181-360 days, with the proportions of 46.30%, 22.22%, 14.81%, 9.26% and 7.41% respectively. The proportion of hepatic artery and portal vein complications and outflow occlusions were 61.11%, 35.19% and 3.70% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most vascular complications occurred within six months after the OLT operation. The continuous and careful monitoring by CDFI is beneficial in an early diagnosis of vascular complications after OLT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Methods , Vascular Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324770

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of isopropyl 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2- hydroxypropanoate on vascular smooth muscle.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Isolated rat pulmonary artery was perfused and the tension of the vessel was measured, the effect of isopropyl 3-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxypropanoate on the pulmonary artery precontracted by noradrenaline (NE) and concentration-response curves of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), endothelin-1 (ET-1), U46619 and KCl was also observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Isopropyl 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) -2-hydroxypropanoate exerted relaxation effect on the endothelium-intact artery precontracted by NE in a concentration-dependent manner, which was inhibited with denuded endothelium. The right-shift of the concentration-response curves of 5-HT, ET-1, U46619 and KCl.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Isopropyl 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxypropanoate have relaxation action on rat pulmonary artery in the way of endothelium-dependance, the mechanism of relaxation action by isopropyl 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) -2-hydroxypropanoate may be related to calcium channels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Physiology , Propionates , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 443-452, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316706

ABSTRACT

The physiological activities of the cardiovascular system are under the control of autonomic nervous system (ANS). Recent researches have found that autonomic dysfunction, especially the withdrawal of vagal activity, was closely related to the etiology, course and prognosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Based on the current status and our achievements in this area, we discuss vagal regulation of different parts of the heart and the mechanism of vagal protection of myocardium. Using a force transducer and standard microelectrodes recording technology, we found that the vagus nerve transmitter--acetylcholine (ACh) had direct effects on ventricular myocytes in mammals: It inhibited the contractility and shortened the action potential duration of cardiac myocytes. We proved the existence of muscarinic receptors and vagal nerves innervation in ventricle with histochemical staining and molecular biological methods. Furthermore, ACh-activated potassium channel (KACh) was found in the ventricles of some animals by patch-clamp. Fade of the current (IK.ACh) to ACh in atrium was found in previous research, which was related to the muscarinic receptors and phosphorylation of G protein or potassium channel. However, the mechanism of the fade in ventricle needs to be further investigated. Combined with autonomic nervous evaluation methods (heart rate variability analysis) and relevant animal models, we studied the regulation of ANS during normal and morbid state, and proved the age-associated changes and compensatory effects of vagal control of hemodynamics after unilateral vagotomy. By increasing the vagal tension (ACh induced-preconditioning/postconditioning, aerobic exercise, beta receptor antagonist), we demonstrated protective effects of the vagus nerve on the ischemic myocardium and mechanism of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory effects on the inflammatory reaction induced by reperfusion injury. Evaluating cardiac autonomic nervous regulation and improving balance between sympathetic and vagal nerve will provide an important basis for the prevention and treatment of CVD.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Physiology , Action Potentials , Animals , Autonomic Nervous System , Heart Rate , Heart Ventricles , Cell Biology , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Potassium Channels , Metabolism , Receptors, Muscarinic , Metabolism , Vagus Nerve , Physiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the method for obtaining olfactory ensheathing cells from human fetal olfactory mucosa by cell culture for selective adhesion in the presence of neurotrophin-3 (NT3) and low-concentration serum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The olfactory ensheathing cells were cultured alternatively in DMEM/F12 culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and the medium containing NT3 and 2.5% FBS every 72 h. The cells were observed for morphological changes and identified using immunocytochemistry with P75NTR and GFAP, and the cell purity was estimated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The olfactory ensheathing cells from human fetal olfactory mucosa were positive for P75(NTR) and GFAP, and in in vitro culture, the cells exhibited dipolar or tripolar appearance with long thin neurites. On the 9th day of cell culture, the purity of the olfactory ensheathing cells reached about 83%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The olfactory ensheathing cells can be obtained by in vitro culture for selective adhesion in the presence of NT3 and low-concentration serum.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Culture Techniques , Methods , Cell Separation , Methods , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media , Fetus , Humans , Neurotrophin 3 , Pharmacology , Olfactory Bulb , Cell Biology , Olfactory Mucosa , Cell Biology
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 728-732, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the Patho-typing and the clinical manifestation of biliary cast syndrome (BCS) in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical manifestation, findings,therapeutic means and efficacy of 103 patients with biliary cast syndrome after orthotopic liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the injury level of biliary duct epithelium, patients were divided into different groups. All cases were followed up for twelve months. The place, degree and time after operation would be recorded when non-anastomotic biliary stricture was found.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 59 BCS cases in the general hospital of armed police force of China. The incidence rate of BCS was 9.1%. Many BCS patients showed symptoms such as jaundice, deep urine color, gray stools, itch of skin and fever. Some were asymptomatic. In laboratory test, the liver functional enzyme in serum were increased, the total white cell count in peripheral blood was increased either. Cholangiography via T tube of biliary tract might show filling defect. According to the change degree of the biliary tract tree, there were four types filling defect concluded from all the presentation in BCS patients. Solid obturation of biliary tract were found by the check with optical fiber choledochoscope in all BCS patients, necrosis of biliary tract epithelium were observed in partial BCS patients. According to the injury level of biliary duct epithelium (gradually aggravated), BCS patients were divided into six groups (type I, type II, type III, type IV, type V and type VI). Fourteen cases were found in type I and 18 in type II. No clinical symptom was found in these two groups, a few indicators in serum (alanine aminotransferase ALT, total bilirubin TBIL, direct bilirubin DBIL) were in normal range, and others (gamma-glutamyl transferase GGT, alkaline phosphatase ALP) were heightened in 5 patients. There was no biliary cast (BC) found anymore in the period of follow-up in two groups. No stricture was found in both group. Twenty-seven cases in type III and 23 cases in type IV, it was found there were about 33.4% patients accompanied with fever and 25.9% accompanied with jaundice in type III. Paralleled,there were about 30.4% and 34.8% patients in type IV. The liver functional enzyme in serum were found increased in both type. After supporting treatment for 3-6 months,there were 5 and 3 patients present as mild non-anastomotic biliary stricture in type III and type IV group. In the group type V, there were 13 patients. The detected liver functional indicators in serum were increased. After supporting treatment for 6-12 months,there were 4 patients present as moderate non-anastomotic biliary stricture in this group. There were 18 patients in type VI group, all indicators of the liver functional enzyme in serum before the treatment were elevated conspicuously. All patients in this group were found serious stricture up to three places that have not been sustained in the period of follow-up. Nine died of MOSF, 1 died of AOSC, 8 had undergone retransplantation. In the retransplantation patients, 4 died of post operation MOSF, 3 recovered to normal, 1 patient was found BCS once more 15 d after the retransplantation and the third-transplantation was performed 7 months after the second transplantation, no BCS was found again. The deaths total rate was 13.6%, death rate of retransplantation was 44.0%, total cure rate was 54.0%, total improvement rate was 71.0% and total stenosis rate was 29.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>(1) According to the check with optical fiber choledochoscope, there are 6 types of patho-typing in BCS patients. The clinical manifestation includes jaundice and fever. The filling defect of the biliary tract tree might showed 4 appearances. (2)The patho-typing contributes to the clinical manifestation and the filling defect of the biliary tract tree.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biliary Tract Diseases , Pathology , Therapeutics , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Pathology , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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