Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 695
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 280-291, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008095

ABSTRACT

In this study, the chloroplast genome of Camellia insularis Orel & Curry was sequenced using high-throughput sequencing technology. The results showed that the chloroplast genome of C. insularis was 156 882 bp in length with a typical tetrad structure, encoding 132 genes, including 88 protein-coding genes, 36 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. Codon preference analysis revealed that the highest number of codons coded for leucine, with a high A/U preference in the third codon position. Additionally, 67 simple sequence repeats (SSR) loci were identified, with a preference for A and T bases. The inverted repeat (IR) boundary regions of the chloroplast genome of C. insularis were relatively conserved, except for a few variable regions. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that C. insularis was most closely related to C. fascicularis. Yellow camellia is a valuable material for genetic engineering breeding. This study provides fundamental genetic information on chloroplast engineering and offers valuable resources for conducting in-depth research on the evolution, species identification, and genomic breeding of yellow Camellia.


Subject(s)
Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Breeding , Camellia/genetics , Chloroplasts/genetics
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2900-2908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999054

ABSTRACT

The modernization and development of traditional Chinese medicine has led to higher standards for the quality of traditional Chinese medicine products. The extraction process is a crucial component of traditional Chinese medicine production, and it directly impacts the final quality of the product. However, the currently relied upon methods for quality assurance of the extraction process, such as simple wet chemical analysis, have several limitations, including time consumption and labor intensity, and do not offer precise control of the extraction process. As a result, there is significant value in incorporating near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine to improve the quality control of the final products. In this study, we focused on the extraction process of Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike oral liquid (XXZOL), using near-infrared spectra collected by both a Fourier transform near-infrared spectrometer and a portable near-infrared spectrometer. We used the concentration of synephrine, a quality control index component specified by the pharmacopoeia, to achieve rapid and accurate detection in the extraction process. Moreover, we developed a model transfer method to facilitate the transfer of models between the two types of near-infrared spectrometers (analytical grade and portable), thus resolving the low resolution, poor performance, and insufficient prediction accuracy issues of portable instruments. Our findings enable the rapid screening and quality analysis of XXZOL onsite, which is significant for quality monitoring during the traditional Chinese medicine production process.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2065-2069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998491

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of epithelial-off accelerated corneal cross-linking(CXL)in the treatment of advanced keratoconus.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on data collected from 32 patients(43 eyes)with advanced keratoconus who underwent epithelial-off accelerated CXL at Ningxia Eye Hospital from April 2020 to December 2021. Slit-lamp, intraocular pressure, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), corrected visual acuity, specular microscope, Pentacam and Corvis ST were tested before and at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery. Preoperative and postoperative corneal condition, UCVA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and the values of corneal endothelial, maximum keratometry(Kmax), thinnest corneal thickness(TCT), anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea K1, K2, biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure(bIOP), applanation time 1(A1T), applanation length 1(A1L), applanation velocity 1(A1V), applanation time 2(A2T), applanation length 2(A2L), applanation velocity 2(A2V), highest concavity deformation amplitude(HCDA), radius at highest curvature(HCR), highest concavity peak distance(HCPD)and stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1)were recorded.RESULTS: There were differences between UCVA(LogMAR; 1.06±0.49, 0.78±0.39)and BCVA(LogMAR; 0.48±0.34, 0.38±0.29)before and at 6mo after surgery(P<0.05), but there were no differences in corneal endothelial cells(2917.39±288.38 vs. 2959.19±336.27 cells/mm2, P=0.477). There were differences among Kmax, TCT, anterior surface K1 and K2 and posterior surface K1 before and after surgery(P<0.05), and all increased at 1mo after surgery then returned to preoperative level at 3mo after surgery, while there was no difference in the posterior K2. Furthermore, there were statistical significance in A1T, HCPD and SP-A1 before and after surgery(P<0.05), while there were no statistical significance in A1L, A1V,A2T, A2L, A2V, HCDA, HCR and bIOP(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: Epithelial-off accelerated CXL can prevent the progression of keratoconus within half year after surgery, and it has certain safety.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1793-1797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996886

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the changes in corneal biomechanics of patients with moderate refractive error after receiving small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)using the corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST).METHODS:Prospective cohort study. A total of 65 moderate myopia patients(65 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Ningxia Eye Hospital from November 2020 to November 2021 were included in the study, and there were 30 eyes in the SMILE group and 35 eyes in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal biomechanical parameters, including integrated radius(IR), inverse concave radius(ICR), deformation amplitude ratio 2mm(DAR2), stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1), ambrosio relational thickness(ARTh)and the central curvature radius at highest concavity(HC-Radius)were observed by Corvis ST between both groups preoperatively and 1 and 3mo postoperatively.RESULTS: There were no statistical significance in biomechanical parameters between two groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively(P>0.05). IR, ICR and DAR2 of each groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively were significantly increased than those preoperatively, and SP-A1, ARTh and HC-Radius were significantly decreased than those preoperatively(all P<0.05). The biomechanical parameters at 1mo and 3mo postoperatively showed no statistical significance(P>0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was found between central corneal thickness(CCT)and ARTh and SP-A1 of the two groups of patients at 3mo postoperatively(FS-LASIK group: r=0.727, 0.819, SMLIE group: r=0.683, 0.434, all P<0.05), while a negative correlation was found between CCT and IR and ICR at 3mo postoperatively.(FS-LASIK group: r=-0.697, -0.622, SMLIE group: r=-0.447, -0.491, all P<0.05).CONCLUSION:For patients with moderate myopia, both SMILE and FS-LASIK can reduce corneal biomechanical stability. Both surgeries showed no significant differences in the effect on biomechanical, and the biomechanical has been stabilized at 1mo postoperatively. A correlation was found between postoperative CCT and ARTh, SP-A1, IR and ICR.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in critically ill lung surgery patients and establish a nomogram.Methods:213 critically ill lung surgery patients were collected in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021. Logistic analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of POAF. A nomogram was developed based on the verified risk factors. Results:The independent risk factors associated with POAF was mitral regurgitation ( OR=4.270, 95% CI: 1.380-13.213, P=0.012), cedilanid ( OR=14.619, 95% CI: 2.913-73.373, P=0.001), catecholamine ( OR=3.244, 95% CI: 1.144-9.203, P=0.027), pericardiotomy( OR=6.079, 95% CI: 1.362-27.128, P=0.009), systematic lymph node dissection( OR=5.460, 95% CI: 1.770-16.846, P=0.003). Nomogram model showed the ROC was 0.801(95% CI: 0.721-0.881, P<0.001). Conclusion:The risk factors of POAF in critically ill lung surgery patients are mitral regurgitation, cedilanid, catecholamine, pericardiotomy and systematic lymph node dissection. The nomogram predicted POAF better than other scoring systems.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985502

ABSTRACT

Peripheral precocious puberty(PPP),also known as puberty independent from hypothalamic-pituitary axis activation,is stimulated by hormones from other sources, with only partial sexual characteristics development but without mature sexual function. The secondary sexual characteristics development occurs before 7.5 years of age in girls and before 9 years of age in boys. Clinical manifestations are diverse, and PPP has varied etiology including congenital adrenal hyperplasia, McCune-Albright syndrome, ovarian cyst, adrenal tumor, ovarian tumor, testicular tumor, human chorionic gonadotropin producing tumor, familial male precocious puberty, aromatase excess syndrome, and environmental estrogen. Early identification of etiology, accurate differential diagnosis and prenatal gene screening play a significant role in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Puberty, Precocious/therapy , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/complications , Aromatase
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 40-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a rapid and nondestructive identification method for human body fluid stains and non-biological stains using three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy.@*METHODS@#The collected three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum data of human saliva, 3% blood, coffee and Fanta® stains were processed with dimensionality reduction. After wavelet transform, spectral denoising and feature extraction, the classification formula was established. The Fisher discriminant was used for spectrum matching and recognition to establish the analysis method to distinguish stain types.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of data training and comparison, all the recognition accuracies of Fanta®, coffee, saliva and blood were more than 91.39%. Among them, saliva reached 100% recognition accuracy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a potential method for rapid and nondestructive identification of biological and non-biological stains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/methods , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Body Fluids/chemistry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981119

ABSTRACT

Dental erosion is characterized by progressively destroyed teeth, which has no relation to bacteria but to chemicals. Some internal factors, such as gastroesophageal reflux induced by bulimia, anorexia, gastrointestinal diseases, or drugs, and external factors, such as diet, drugs, and occupational acid exposure, are considered promotive factors for this disease. This article presents a patient suffering from severe dental erosion in the whole dentition, especially in the maxillary teeth, due to gastroesophageal reflux induced by glucocorticoid therapy for optic neuritis. This article discusses the mechanism between optic neuritis glucocorticoid therapy and dental erosion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1781-1787, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978975

ABSTRACT

As an adjuvant alternative therapy, phototherapy is widely used for early diagnosis and late treatment of breast cancer due to its non-invasive treatment characteristics. But the application of phototherapeutic agents has been limited in the clinic due to poor hydrophobicity and tissue targeting, low photostability, and obvious toxic side effects in vivo. With the development of nanotechnology, new composite nano-phototherapy agents have emerged. This paper summarizes the latest developments and findings of new composite nano-phototherapy agents for phototherapy in the field of breast cancer treatment in the past 5 years. With the development of multifunctional nanomaterials in the field of breast cancer imaging diagnosis and treatment, the modified phototherapy agent achieved further development respectively from improving light response to improve the light thermal conversion or increasing the generation of reactive oxygen species, targeting tumor microenvironment, immune cells and cancer cell surface receptors to achieve drug controllable response release, using biomimetic materials and endogenous substances to improve biocompatibility. Although phototherapeutic agents exhibit high cell-killing rates in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer models and effectively inhibit their recurrence and metastasis, problems remain regarding the safety and compatibility of synergistic therapy. Future studies can not only improve the existing effects of phototherapeutic agents, but also develop oral drugs with more convenient routes based on immunotherapy to amplify the immune response and resist breast cancer through multiple routes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hotspots and trends of exercise treatment of hypertension in China with bibliometrics software of CiteSpace and VOS viewer.Methods:The databases of CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data and the core collection of Web of Science were searched with the key words of exercise therapy, exercise intervention, exercise prescription, sports, movement, high blood pressure, hypertension, etc. Relevant periodical literature in Chinese and English were retrieved from the establishment of the databases to December 31, 2021. The CiteSpace and VOS viewer were used to perform visual analysis of the literature in the field of exercise therapy for hypertension in China.Results:A total of 1 507 literatures were included, including 1 430 in Chinese and 77 in English. In recent years, the number of studies on exercise treatment of hypertension in China showed a fluctuating upward trend. The research institutions were mainly universities and hospitals, high-yield institutions mainly included Beijing Sport University (20 articles), the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (12 articles), the PLA General Hospital (13 articles) and Shanghai Sport University (11 articles). There was less cooperation between institutions and less cross-border cooperation. The proportion of sports and medical compound researchers in high-yield authors was relatively low (22.2%, 2/9). Keyword clustering could be summarized as three aspects: disease research, research objects and intervention methods. In terms of disease research, “pregnancy outcome”, “blood pressure”, “blood lipid” and “coronary heart disease” had strong burst (burst intensity 3.75, 3.70, 3.52, 3.12); in terms of research objects, “elderly patients” had the strongest burst (burst intensity 3.10); in terms of intervention methods, “exercise prescription”, “aerobic exercise” and “health education” had strong emergence (emergence intensity 6.08, 5.47, 4.01).Conclusions:Research achievements in the field of exercise therapy for hypertension in China are relatively rich in recent years. At present, the main research hotspots are disease research, research objects and intervention methods, and the integration degree of sports and medicine needs to be improved.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991279

ABSTRACT

This paper first summarizes the cognition and understanding of online teaching, then introduces the active design and practice of online teaching in Harbin Medical University, and fully comprehends the quality of online teaching through the feedback to teachers and students. Through the investigation, the research group found that there are problems in online teaching, including teachers' difficulty in applying the teaching platform efficiently, limited Internet speed and hardware equipment, insufficient understanding and attention of individual teachers to online teaching, insufficient interaction between teachers and students, and difficulty in carrying out experiments and practical teaching. In this regard, the research group proposed countermeasures to change online teaching concept, reform online teaching methods, improve the function of online teaching platform, and optimize online course resources in order to timely summarize the online teaching situation, improve the shortcomings and promote advanced experience, and ensure the quality of follow-up online teaching.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of oral Etoposide chemotherapy in children with disseminated medulloblastoma (MB) after the standard treatment plan.Methods:The clinical data of 86 children with disseminated MB admitted in the Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to May 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The median age of children was 8.8 (3.0-16.7) years old.Among them, 33 children treated with maintenance chemotherapy via oral Etoposide were included in the chemotherapy group, and 53 children without oral maintenance chemotherapy were included in the non-chemotherapy group.The gender distribution, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular classification, postoperative mutism, M-stage and survival[progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)] of the 2 groups were compared.The main adverse events of oral Etoposide chemotherapy were recorded. Chi- square test is used for data comparison, Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve of disseminated MB patients, followed by the Log- rank test. Results:There were no significant differences in gender, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular typing, postoperative mutism and M-stage between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Of 86 patients, the median PFS and OS were 3.0 (0.2-6.3) years, and 3.6 (0.5-6.3) years, respectively.Twenty five cases (29.1%) relapsed, 13 cases (15.1%) died.The 3-year[(65.8±6.8)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] and 5-year PFS[(56.8±7.7)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.037). The 3-year[(81.6±5.6)% vs.100.0%] and 5-year OS[(71.2±7.7)% vs.(92.3±7.4)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.025). Among the children with the SHH subtype, the PFS of children with oral Etoposide maintenance chemotherapy after a regular treatment was significantly higher than that without oral maintenance chemotherapy (100.0% vs.57.1%)( P=0.021). The major adverse events of oral Etoposide were myelosuppression and gastrointestinal symptoms, which were mostly relieved after a symptomatic treatment.Treatment-related deaths were not reported. Conclusions:The prognosis of disseminated MB in children is relatively poor.Oral Etoposide for maintenance therapy after a standard treatment is beneficial in reducing relapse and improving the 5-year survival, which is well tolerated.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and mechanism of Linggui Zhugan Decoction in treating hypertension and obesity by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking technique.Methods:The TCMSP was retrieved and the main active components and action targets of Linggui Zhugan Decoction were screened. The GeneCards, OMIM, TTD, DisGeNET and DrugBank databases were used to screen disease-related targets of hypertension and obesity. The Cytoscape 3.9.0 was used to draw Chinese materia medica-composition-intersection target-disease network diagram. The STRING 11.5 database was used to draw PPI network. The cytoNCA plug-in was used to screen core active components and targets. The bioenrichment analysis of GO and KEGG was carried out in the R4.1.2, and the Chinese materia medica-intersection target-path diagram was drawn, and the core active components and core targets were docked in PyMOL and AutoDockTools 1.5.7.Results:A total of 102 potentially active components and 62 intersection targets were obtained, and 8 active components and 7 core targets were screened. Enrichment analysis showed that the key targets were mainly enriched through the signaling pathways of fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, lipid and atherosclerosis, and AGE-RAGE, which were involved in biological processes such as the response to nutritional levels and the regulation of small molecule metabolism. Molecular docking showed that there were 37 groups with addinity < -7 kcal/mol.Conclusion:The main active components of Linggui Zhugan Decoction are quercetin, kaempferol and naringenin, which may play a role in fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis pathway, lipid and atherosclerosis pathway and AGE-RAGE signal pathway through AKT1, EGFR, IL1B and other targets.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy.Methods:Prospective cohort study. A total of 92 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation in Fangshan Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from April 2020 to December 2021 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups by random drawing method, with 46 in each group. The control group was treated with routine western medicine after operation, and the observation group was treated with self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. TCM symptom scores were performed before and after treatment, and the prognosis of the patients was evaluated with the Chinese Osteoporosis Quality of Life (COQOL), VAS scale, and the Oswestry Dysfunction Index (ODI). The levels of amino terminal propeptide (PINP), cross-linked terminal peptide β special sequence (β-CTX) and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) of type Ⅰ procollagen were determined by contrast chromogenic method with o-benzaldehyde. The adverse reactions during treatment were recorded and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 95.7% (44/46) in the observation group and 82.6% (38/46) in the control group, and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=4.04 , P=0.044). After treatment, the scores of fracture nonunion, pain in back and loin, chilliness and lassitude, and pallor in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.84, 4.09, 4.87, 4.14, respectively, P<0.01). The scores of COQOL, VAS and ODI in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 6.26, 10.57 and 6.15, respectively, P<0.01). The levels of PINP [(44.93±5.86)μg/L vs. (49.76±6.02)μg/L, t=3.90] and β-CTX [(0.49±0.17) μg/L vs. (0.68±0.20) μg/L, t=4.91] in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05). The level of BMP6 [(81.23±9.14) μg/L vs. (75.14±8.25) μg/L, t=3.36] in observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). During the treatment,the incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 13.0% (6/46), while that in the control group was 8.7% (4/46), and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=0.45, P=0.503). Conclusion:The self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can adjust the level of bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, improve the lumbar function and quality of life, and improve the clinical efficacy.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 329-333,C3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and analyze the reliability and safety of sham feeding in facilitating the recovery of gastrointestinal function after laparoscopic appendectomy (LA), by using a new device, the Artificial Intelligence Bowel Tone Monitoring System.Methods:The data of 100 cases in Shaanxi Provincial People′s Hospital from Dec. 2020 to Sep. 2022 with acute appendicitis operated by LA who met the inclusion criteria. In this prospective study, participants were divided by random number table into a control group and an experimental group, with 50 cases in each group. The control group performed routine postoperative LA care, and the experimental group performed routine postoperative LA care and sham-feeding state care. The age, gender, recovery time of postoperative bowel sounds, time of first postoperative anal discharge, postoperative nausea and vomiting, abdominal distention, dry mouth and halitosis, and postoperative abdominal pain and other complications were recorded. GraphPad Prism 9.0 and SPSS 22.0 software were adopted to conduct data organization and analysis.Results:There were 100 valid cases in this trial. There were no statistical differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, duration of surgery, abdominal pain and other symptoms ( P>0.05). The recovery time of bowel sounds after surgery was (8.92±0.56) h in the experimental group and (10.55±0.88) h in the control group, which was statistically significant ( t=10.99, P<0.0001); the recovery time of bowel sounds after surgery was (20.10±0.50) h in the experimental group and (20.96±0.59) h in the control group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups ( t=7.84, P<0.0001); there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group (22%) and the control group (42%) for postoperative nausea and vomiting ( χ2=4.60, P=0.032); there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group (16%) and the control group (52%) for postoperative abdominal distension ( χ2= There was a statistical difference between the experimental group (40%) and the control group (68%) ( χ2=7.89, P=0.005). The number of hospitalization days in the control group was (11.40±2.47) days and the days in the experimental group was (9.30±2.01) d, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=4.65, P<0.001); the hospitalization cost in the control group was (27 270.11±2 645.30) yuan and the cost in the experimental group was (23 669.68±2 841.28) yuan, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=6.56, P<0.001). Conclusion:To a certain extent, sham feeding can accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after LA, reduce the common postoperative discomfort, length of stay and hospital costs of patients.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 682-686, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the quality standard of Clinopodium gracile. METHODS Ten batches of C. gracile were collected to perform appearance and property identification, microscopic identification and thin layer chromatography (TLC) identification. Moisture, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and dilute ethanol extract were detected, and the content of rosmarinic acid was determined by HPLC. RESULTS The stem of C. gracile was slender, square columnar, covered by white fluff, the surface was grayish green or greenish brown; epidermal cells, non-glandular hairs, cortical cells and so on were seen in the cross section of the stem. Non-glandular hairs, ducts, wood fibers, mesophyll cells and so on could be seen in the powder. Results of TLC identification showed that there were spots of the same color in the chromatographic position corresponding to the chromatographic position of buddlejasaponin Ⅳb control. The contents of water, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, dilute ethanol extract and rosmarinic acid in 10 batches of samples were 8.69%-12.33%, 5.96%-13.33%, 0.14%-3.29%, 18.57%-32.61%, 0.35%-0.82%, respectively. The average values were 10.10%, 9.73%, 1.06%, 23.54% and 0.56%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established method can be used for quality control of C. gracile. It is preliminarily proposed that the ash content in the herb should not exceed 12.0%, the total ash content should not exceed 12.0%, the acid-insoluble ash content should not exceed 1.5%, the dilute ethanol extract should not be less than 18.0%, and the rosmarinic acid content should not be less than 0.45%.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964651

ABSTRACT

Background Mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) regulates mitochondrial division and plays an important role in maintaining hepatocyte function. However, the role of DRP1 in cadmium exposure-induced maternal liver damage in pregnant mice remains unclear. Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of DRP1 in maternal liver damage induced by cadmium exposure during pregnancy. Methods This study consisted of animal experiments and cell experiments. (1) Animal experiments. Mice at 14 days of gestation were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a low-dose cadmium group (LCd group: 2.5 mg·kg−1), and a high-dose cadmium group (HCd group: 5 mg·kg−1). The pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with cadmium chloride (CdCl2) for 6 and 24 h in the next morning. The weights of pregnant mice, uterus, maternal liver, and fetal mice were recorded after sacrifice. Serum and liver of pregnant mice were collected, the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum were detected, and liver tissues were stained with HE to observe changes in liver function and liver tissue structure. The expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and DRP1 proteins in liver of pregnant mice were detected by Western blotting. (2) Cell experiments. AML12 cells were treated with CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 0, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h. The expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins, DRP1, and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) proteins were detected. AML12 cells were pretreated with DRP1 inhibitor Mdivi-1 for 1 h and then CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 12 h to detect the expression of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins and DRP1 protein. AML12 cells were treated with Hif-1α siRNA for 48 h and CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 6 h to detect the expression of HIF-1α and DRP1 proteins. Results The results of animal experiments showed that cadmium exposure in pregnant mice had no effects on maternal liver weight and liver coefficient. However, the histomorphological changes and necrosis in hepatocytes were observed. Compared with the control group, the serum ALT and AST levels of pregnant mice in the LCd group were significantly increased after 6 h (P<0.05), and the levels in the HCd group were significantly increased after 6 and 24 h (P<0.05). Cadmium exposure during pregnancy significantly up-regulated HIF-1α and DRP1 expressions and down-regulated the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins in maternal livers. In vitro cell experiments showed that the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins was significantly decreased and HIF-1α and DRP1 protein expressions were significantly increased in the AML12 cells treated with CdCl2 for 6 h. Mdivi-1 pretreatment significantly antagonized the inhibitory effect of cadmium on the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins in AML12 cells, while Hif-1α siRNA pretreatment significantly antagonized the up-regulative effect of cadmium on DRP1 expression in AML12 cells. Conclusion Cadmium exposure in pregnant mice may up-regulate DRP1 expression by activating HIF-1α signaling, then inhibit oxidative phosphorylation level of hepatic cells, and ultimately lead to maternal liver damage.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 894-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973772

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effects and mechanisms of ferroptosis on high glucose(HG)-induced retinal pigment epithelium(RPE)cells injury, and to provide new ideas for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy(DR).METHODS: The ARPE-19 cell lines cultured in vitro were divided into normal control group(NC group), high glucose group(HG group), and high glucose+Ferrostatin-1 group(Fer-1 group). The cell viability of each group was detected by CCK-8 assay. The expressions of interleukin 6(IL-6), IL-1β and monocyte chemotactic protein-1(MCP-1)were detected using ELISA kits. The levels of malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4)and iron content were detected using the corresponding assay kits. The mitochondrial changes in ARPE-19 cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of ferroptosis-related proteins including long-chain lipoyl CoA synthase 4(ACSL4)and GPX4, as well as vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining.RESULTS: Compared with NC group, the cell viability of HG group decreased significantly, the expression levels of inflammatory factors in cell supernatant increased, the contents of MDA and iron significantly increased, GSH and GPX4 significantly decreased(all P&#x003C;0.01), the mitochondria of ARPE-19 cells shrunk, the expression of proteins ACSL4 and VEGF increased, while the expression of GPX4 decreased(all P&#x003C;0.01). Compared with HG group, the cell viability of Fer-1 group significantly increased, the expression levels of inflammatory factors in cell supernatant decreased, MDA and iron contents significantly decreased, GSH contents and GPX4 viability significantly increased(all P&#x003C;0.05), the morphology of mitochondria in ARPE-19 cells improved, the expression of ACSL4 and VEGF decreased, while the expression of GPX4 increased(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Ferroptosis is involved in the injury of RPE induced by HG. Inhibiting ferroptosis can improve cell viability, reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, and alleviate HG-induced RPE cells injury.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953926

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of oleanolic acid (OA) on water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency and the mechanism. MethodThe 60 SPF Kunming (KM) mice were randomized into blank group (n=10) and modeling group (n=50). Through long-term living in damp place and irregular diet, water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency was induced in modeling mice. Then the model mice were randomly classified into model group, natural recovery group, and low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups. The mice in the blank group, model group, and natural recovery group were given (ig) 10 mL·kg-1·d-1 normal saline, and mice in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups received 50, 100, 200 mg·kg-1·d-1 OA, respectively. The intervention lasted 7 days. Before and after modeling and administration, the general conditions of the mice were observed and body weight of mice was measured. The water content in feces and tissues was detected with the oven-drying method, and water load index and organ coefficient were measured with the weighing method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed to detect the urinary D-xylose excretion, serum gastrin (GAS), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), interleukin-6 (IL-6), antidiuretic hormone (AVP), aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in renal medulla, and liver Na+-K+-ATPase. At the same time, OA was docked with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed withered hair, emaciation, laziness, bradykinesia, slow weight growth, infrequent spontaneous activities, high water content in feces and tissues, low weight loss after water loading, high coefficient of each organ (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, the model group had less urinary D-xylose excretion, lower serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, higher levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, lower expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in the liver, and higher expression of AQP1 in renal medulla than the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The three OA groups demonstrated better general conditions, faster weight gain, more frequent spontaneous activities, lower water content in feces and tissues, larger weight loss after water loading, and lower coefficient of each organ than the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, compared with the model group, the three OA groups had high D-xylose excretion, high serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, low serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, high expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in liver, and low expression of AQP1 in renal medulla (P<0.05, P<0.01). The recovery in each OA group was better than that in natural recovery group. Molecular docking results also confirmed that OA had high binding affinity with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ConclusionOA can alleviate the abnormal water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency, which lays a basis for its potential clinical application.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL