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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875956

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the status of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude and behavior in college students, and to provide the theoretical basis for strategy of control and prevention. Methods By using random cluster sampling method, we conducted an anonymous online questionnaire survey on a total of 917 young students in Songjiang District of Shanghai. Results The awareness rate of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge was 71.8% among 903 responders. 11.1% of the students had sexual experience, and the rate was higher in male students than in female students(χ2 = 10.549, P < 0.01). The average age of first sexual intercourse was 18.4±1.3 years old, and 60.0% of the students used condom when having sex for the first time. In this survey, only 28.2% were willing to take anonymous HIV antibody urine test, and 1.8% of the students had been tested for HIV. Conclusion The overall awareness rate of knowledge of prevention and control of HIV/AIDS, the rate of condom use, and the willingness to take anonymous HIV antibody urine test are low among young college students in Songjiang District of Shanghai. We suggest to carry out targeted health education activities and to expand coverage of HIV testing by promoting the anonymous HIV antibody urine test for control the spread of HIV/AIDS among young students.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 708-712, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the simultaneous determination of euphol and euphorbol in Euphorbium resinifera,and to optimize the extraction technology. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C 8 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (90∶10,V/V)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Using the contents of euphol and euphorbol ,yield of the extract as evaluation index ,comprehensive score was conducted. The extraction technology was optimized by L (9 34)orthogonal tests ,with ethanol volume fraction ,extraction time and solvent dosage as factors. RESULTS:The linear ranges of euphol and euphorbol were 0.030 4-1.216 mg/mL(r=0.999 6)and 0.01-0.4 mg/mL(r=0.999 9), respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and producibility tests were all lower than 2%. Average recoveries were 100.46% (RSD=1.03%,n=6)and 99.36%(RSD=0.91%,n=6). The optimized technology was extracting with 40 mL 95% ethanol for 1 h. After 3 times of validation tests showed that average content of euphol was 94.43 mg/g(RSD=0.92%,n=3),and that of euphorbol was 25.42 mg/g(RSD=0.98%,n=3);average yield of the extract was 51.42%(RSD=1.95%,n=3),and average comprehensive score was 98.87(RSD=0.92%,n=3). CONCLUSIONS :Established method is simple ,accurate and reproducible , which can be used for the quality control of E. resinifera . The optimized extraction technology is simple and stable.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with recurrent medulloblastoma (MB) and treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 101 children with recurrent MB who were admitted to the hospital from August 1, 2011 to July 31, 2017. The children were followed up to July 31, 2020. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The Cox regression model was used for multivariate regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Of the 101 children, 95 underwent remission induction therapy, among whom 51 had response, resulting in a response rate of 54%. The median overall survival (OS) time after recurrence was 13 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 50.5%±5.0%, 19.8%±4.0%, and 10%±3.3% respectively. There was no significant difference in the 5-year OS rate between the children with different ages (< 3 years or 3-18 years), sexes, pathological types, or Change stages, between the children with or without radiotherapy before recurrence or re-irradiation after recurrence, and between the children with different times to recurrence (< 12 months or ≥ 12 months after surgery) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#As for the recurrence of MB, although remission induction therapy again can achieve remission, such children still have a short survival time. Only reoperation can significantly prolong survival time, and therefore, early reoperation can be considered to improve the outcome of children with recurrent MB.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Neoplasms/therapy , Child , Humans , Medulloblastoma/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 37-41, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837712

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical value of fundus retinal argon laser photocoagulation combined with calcium dobesilate in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy(DR).<p>METHODS:A prospective study from August 2017 to August 2019 was conducted. Totally 182 patients(326 eyes)with DR were divided into two groups. The observation group received fundus retinal argon laser photocoagulation combined with calcium dobesilate, and the control group received fundus retinal argon laser photocoagulation. Flash electroretinography was performed before treatment and after treatment, and changes in a and b waves were recorded. Changes in the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), retinal neovascularization fluorescein leakage area, central macular thickness(CMT)and retinal microcirculation parameters were detected. The absorption time of retinal edema, bleeding and exudation was recorded, and the incidence of postoperative complications was counted.<p>RESULTS: At 6mo after treatment, a-wave and b-wave amplitudes of the two groups were decreased(<i>P</i><0.001). The b-wave amplitude of observation group was larger than that of the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in a-wave and b-wave peak time and amplitudes between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). The BCVA of the two groups was increased, and the macular leakage area and CMT were reduced(<i>P</i><0.001). Compared with the control group, the BCVA of the observation group was higher, the macular leakage area and CMT were smaller, peak blood flow velocity and average blood flow velocity of the central retinal artery were higher, and the vascular resistance index and pulsatility index were lower(<i>P</i><0.001). The absorption time of edema, bleeding and exudation was shorter in observation group than in the control group(<i>P</i><0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of surgical complications between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Fundus retinal argon laser photocoagulation combined with calcium dobesilate is superior to retinal photocoagulation alone in the treatment of DR. The former can promote the improvement of visual acuity, reduce fluorescein leakage, and promote the absorption of retinal edema, bleeding and exudation, which is conductive to improving retinal microcirculation and inhibiting neovascularization.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experiences of pediatric en-bloc kidney transplantation (EBKT) at a single center and explore the measures of improving its efficacy.Methods:Clinical data and outcomes retrospectively analyzed for 38 EBKT children between September 2014 and November 2019 from Department of Urology Affiliated Union Hospital Tongji Medical College Huazhong University of Science & Technology. The pediatric donors were aged (63.6±5.7) days with a weight of (4.1±0.2) kg. And the transplant recipients were aged (28.1±1.4) years with a weight of (48.7±4.9) kg. Serum levels of creatinine and basic profiles of both donors and recipients were recorded at Day 0/7/30/90/80/360 post-EBKT. The postoperative occurrences of such complications such as thrombosis, urine leakage, delayed graft function (DGF), proteinuria and hematoma were measured.Results:The one-year graft survival rate was 76.3%(29/38) and the recipient survival rate 100.0%(38/38). Among 29 recipients with long-term graft survival, no dialysis was required at Week 2 post-EBKT and the serum level of creatinine dropped to normal at Year 1. Thrombosis was a major post-EBKT complication with an incidence of 18.4%(7/38). The other complications included urine leakage (20.7%, 6/29), hematoma (6.9%, 2/29) and primary non-functioning kidney (2.6%, 1/38).Conclusions:As an effective way of expanding the pool of donors, pediatric EBKT is clinically feasible.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 274-277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic radical cystectomy in the treatment of bladder cancer after partial cystectomy.Methods:The clinical data of 30 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy after PC in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2016 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 24 males and 6 females with an average age was 62.5 (45.5-82.5)years.6 out of 30 cases underwent pelvic lymph node dissection during PC. All patients had definite pathological diagnosis for the high-grade urothelial carcinoma after PC, and the tumor staging was pT 2-3bN 0M 0.5 patients received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin, 6 received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, 13 received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and all patients were received maintenance intravesical instillation. Median time for local tumor recurrence after PC was 9(5-29) months, all patients had pathological diagnosis for the high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma, cT 2-4N 0M 0 stage.The average tumor diameter was 3.5(2.5-4.5)cm, an average number of tumors was 2(1-3). Laparoscopic salvage cystectomy was performed after recurrence.General anesthesia, supine position, 5 ports were inserted through the abdominal approach. Standard pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) was used to clean the pelvic lymph nodes. Those who had underwent PLND no longer clean the obturator and peripheral iliac vessels, but including the common iliac vessel and the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta and lymphatic tissues around the inferior vena cava, as well as the presacral lymph nodes. Results:All 30surgeries were successfully performed. The average operative time was 270(240-310)min, average estimated intraoperative blood loss was 180(50-300)ml, and there was no blood transfusion during the perioperative period.The average number of lymph nodes dissected was 18 (10-27). There were 4 cases with positive lymph nodes, of which 3 cases were positive for 2 obturator lymph nodes, and 1 case was positive for 3 obturator and external iliac lymph nodes. No serious intraoperative complications occurred.No lymphatic leakage occurred. The average drainage duration was 4(3-7) d, and postoperative hospital stays was 9(7-20)d. The postoperative pathology was invasive high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma, and pathological TNM stage was pT 2-4aN 0-2M 0.13 patients received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. The average postoperative follow-up time was 23(3-31) months. There were 2 cases of pelvic recurrence and 1 case of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis. These 3 cases received adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Conclusions:Radical cystectomy should be the primary treatment for recurrence of bladder cancer after partial cystectomy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effects of SBAR communication mode (situation, background, assessment and recommendation) combined with 3D printing model technology in bed-side teaching of trauma orthopaedics.Methods:A total of 80 clinical medicine students were randomly divided into two groups according to the order of the school number, with 40 students in each group. One was experimental group which received SBAR communication mode combined with 3D printing model technology teaching, and the other one was the control group, which received regular reaching mode. At the end of teaching, the teaching effects were evaluated, including the scores of theoretical examinations and operational examinations, total scores and the anonymous questionnaires. SPSS 22.0 was used for recording and statistical analysis.Results:The average scores of theoretical examinations (48.30±1.41), operational examinations (42.20±1.48) and total scores (90.70±1.38) of experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group [(43.40±1.52); (34.80±1.53); (78.10±1.51)], with significant differences ( P <0.05). The anonymous questionnaires showed that the students in the experimental group had a significant advantage in autonomous learning ability, learning enthusiasm, the ability of literature retrieval and analysis and clinical thinking ability, and enhancing students' humanistic care consciousness in clinical work ( P <0.05). While the two groups had the same recognition in improving problem solving ability, teamwork ability and communication ability with patients, with no significant difference ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:The new teaching mode, SBAR mode combined with 3D printing model technology, applied to trauma orthopaedics bed-side teaching is helpful for students to improve their learning interest and autonomous learning ability, cultivate their lifelong learning habits and their comprehensive quality, so this mode will significantly improve the teaching effects, with good application value.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pidotimod in reducing pulmonary infection in patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy.Methods:One hundred and twenty patients with lung cancer in the Fifth People′s Hospital of Dalian City from July 2017 to July 2018 were selected. The patients were divided into control group and pidotimod group by random digits table method with 60 cases each. The patients were treated with standard two drugs chemotherapy containing platinum drug according to the pathological type, and the patients in pidotimod group were combined with pidotimod. The number of pulmonary infections during chemotherapy, number of completed scheduled chemotherapy and adverse reaction were observed. The correlation between pulmonary infection and pidotimod was analyzed by multivariate orderly Logistic regression.Results:The incidence of pulmonary infection in pidotimod group was significantly lower than that in control group: 18.33% (11/60) vs. 40.00% (24/60), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 6.845, P<0.01). The rate of completed scheduled chemotherapy in pidotimod group was significantly higher than that in control group: 55.00% (33/60) vs. 36.67% (22/60), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 4.062, P<0.05). Multivariate orderly Logistic regression analysis result showed that pidotimod could reduce the risk of pulmonary infection ( OR = 0.210, 95% CI 0.072 to 0.606, P = 0.004), and help to complete the scheduled chemotherapy ( OR = 2.323, 95% CI 1.080 to 5.003, P = 0.031). In pidotimod group, no obvious adverse reaction related to pidotimod application was detected, and chemotherapy was not affected. Conclusions:Application of pidotimod can reduce the chance of pulmonary infection in patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy and help patients complete scheduled chemotherapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic mutation characteristics of a pedigree with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) associated with a LRP5 gene mutation. Methods:A pedigree investigation was performed in a two-generation Chinese Han family with FEVR, which was diagnosed in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University.Three family members, the proband and his parents, underwent ophthalmic examination, including visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit-lamp microscopy, fundoscopy and wild-field fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), to clinically characterize the FEVR phenotype.Peripheral blood of the families were collected for high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis to identify the pathogenic gene.Sanger sequencing verification was conducted for the detected mutation.The pathogenicity of identified mutations was analyzed according to the guidelines of the American Association of Medical Genetics (ACMG) with software such as Mutation Taster, Polyphen-2, PROVEN and REVEL.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University (No.2017-740). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The proband was a 27-year-old male.Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was 1.0 for his right eye and 1.2 for his left eye.Fundoscopy showed vascular tortuosity and vasodilation in the temporal peripheral retina of both eyes.FFA indicated that hairbrush-like vasculature and non-perfusion lesion in peripheral retina.The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the proband's mother, a 51-year old female, was 1.0 for the both eyes.Temporal retinal vascular tortuosity in her left eye was found with fluorescein leakage detected by FFA.The BCVA of the proband's father, a 56-year-old male, was 1.0 for both eyes.Leopard fundus and optic disc atrophy were visible.FFA result was normal.The result of genetic test showed that there were two novel gene mutations in the family with LRP5 gene c. 4110T>G(p.Cys1370Trp) and FSCN2 gene c. 1495G>A(p.Gly499Ser). According to guidelines of ACMG, LPR5 c. 4110T>G was a mutation with uncertain significance.Multiple software, such as MutationTaster, Polyphen-2, PROVEN and REVEL predicted that LRP5 c. 4110T>G mutation might cause detrimental effects on genes or gene products.REVEL scale was 0.93, which indicated that it might be a pathogenic variant. Conclusions:LRP5 gene c. 4110T>G(p.Cys1370Trp) may be a novel mutation for FEVR, which enriches the mutation spectrum of LRP5 gene.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS)-based multidisciplinary collaboration model on shortening the time of forbidden eating before receiving surgery, provide the basis for the selection of the preoperative diet prohibition scheme.Methods:From January 2017 to February 2019, a total of 384 patients who received the operation in Qingdao Municipal Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The patients who under the traditional preoperative diet prohibition scheme were taken as the control group(156 cases) while those who under the multidisciplinary cooperation mode nursing under the concept of eras were taken as the experimental group(228 cases). The experimental group formulated the perioperative diet prohibition process according to the guidelines of eras, and the experimental group carried out the perioperative diet management for the patients according to the procedure. The difference between the two groups in the time of fasting, hunger, thirst incidence, insulin resistance, temporary stop will be observed and compared.Results:The time of fasting was (4.01±1.55) h in the experimental group and (10.12±1.57) h in the control group,there was significant difference between the two groups( t value was -1.65, P < 0.01). The incidences of thirst,hunger were 13.2%(30/228), 11.8%(27/228) in the experimental group and 89.7%(140/156), 87.2%(136/156) in the control group, there were significant differences between the two groups(χ 2 values were 220.20, 215.20, P < 0.01). The levels of insulin resistance on the first and third day after operation were 1.85 ± 0.43,1.52±0.61 in the experimental group and 1.99±0.51, 1.67±0.49 in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -2.90, -2.56, P < 0.05).The temporary stop rate was 1.75%(4/228) in the experimental group and 7.69%(12/156) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant( χ2 value was 8.19, P<0.01). Conclusions:The ERAS-based multidisciplinary collaboration model can effectively shorten the preoperative fasting time, reduce the level of insulin resistance, reduce the incidence of hunger and thirst, and improve the rate of temporary stop and adjustment.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 207-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities.Methods:The data of 351 CML patients with Ph-positive in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2009 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The bone marrow chromosomal karyotype analysis of all patients was performed by using R-banding technique. The clinical characteristics and karyotype of Ph-positive CML patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities at initial diagnosis were summarized, and Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the differences in overall survival (OS) of patients with different karyotypes.Results:Among 351 patients with Ph-positive CML, 32 (9.1%) cases had variant translocation. At initial diagnosis, 47 cases had additional chromosomal abnormalities including 29 cases in chronic phase accounting for 9.15% (29/317) of all patients in chronic phase, 3 cases in accelerated phase accounting for 25.00% (3/12) of all patients in accelerated phase, 15 cases in blast crisis accounting for 68.18% (15/22) of all patients in blast crisis; there was a statistically significant difference in the chromosomal abnormalities rate of all different phases ( χ2=50.799, P<0.05). Among 47 Ph-positive CML patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities, 13 patients had complex karyotypes with more than 3 additional chromosomal abnormalities, the proportion of complex karyotypes in chronic phase, accelerated phase and blast crisis was 13.79% (4/29), 33.33% (1/3) and 53.33% (8/15), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.26, P<0.05). The study showed that the most common additional chromosomal abnormalities in chronic phase were double Ph (48.28%, 14/29) and -Y (10.34%, 3/29), while the most common chromosomal abnormalities in the blast crisis were +8 (26.67%, 4/15) and double Ph (26.67%, 4/15). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that at initial diagnosis the OS time of patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities was worse than that of those with the non-additional chromosomal abnormalities group ( χ2 = 61.138, P<0.05). The OS of patients with complex karyotypes for Ph - positive CML patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities at initial diagnosis was worse than that of patients with non-complex karyotypes, and the difference was significant ( χ2 = 4.945, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The additional chromosomal abnormalities is closely related to the progression of CML, and the prognosis of CML patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities is poorer than that of patients with only Ph translocation. Moreover, the more complex the additional chromosomes are, the more likely blastic changes are, and the poorer prognosis. And additional chromosomeal abnormalities during the treatment of CML patients may also lead to the progression of blastic changes.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1440-1444, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882108

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the efficacy and safety of triamcinolone acetonide(TA)combined with macular grid photocoagulation in the treatment of macular edema(ME)secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO).<p>METHODS: A total of 147 patients(147 eyes)with ME secondary to BRVO treated in the hospital were enrolled between January 2016 and January 2020. They were randomly divided into observation group(73 eyes)and control group(74 eyes). The observation group was given intravitreal injection of TA and macular grid photocoagulation, while control group was given intravitreal injection of conbercept and macular grid photocoagulation. All were followed up for 6mo. Efficacy and safety indexes between the two groups were compared.<p>RESULTS:After treatment, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA, LogMAR)in both groups was improved. At 1mo after treatment, BCVA in observation group was better than that in control group(0.22±0.15 <i>vs </i>0.27±0.13, <i>P</i><0.05). At 6mo after treatment, BCVA of patients under 50 years in observation group was significantly better than that of patients under 50 years in control group(0.09±0.04 <i>vs </i> 0.14±0.06, <i>P</i><0.05).BCVA was the best in patients with type serous retinal detachment(SRD), followed by type ME and mixed type(<i>P</i><0.05). However, there was no significant difference in BCVA between any two groups in ME classifications(<i>P</i>>0.05). After treatment, central macular thickness(CMT)in both groups was significantly decreased. At 3mo after treatment, CMT in observation group was higher than that in control group(309.76±84.24μm <i>vs </i>258.75±88.76μm, <i>P</i><0.01). At 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after treatment, intraocular pressure in observation group was higher than that in control group(<i>P</i><0.01). At 6mo after treatment, blood flow density of superficial capillary plexus(SCP)in both groups was significantly higher than that before treatment(<i>P</i><0.05), but there was no significant change in blood flow density of deep capillary plexus(DCP)or the area of foveal avascular zone(FAZ)(<i>P</i>>0.05). The incidence of increased intraocular pressure was higher in observation group than control group(28.8% <i>vs </i>14.9%), and times of intravitreal injection were fewer than those in control group(1.21±0.74 times <i>vs </i>3.62±2.08 times).<p>CONCLUSION: TA combined with macular grid photocoagulation in the treatment of ME secondary to BRVO can maintain visual acuity at a certain level in the short term. The curative effect is comparable to that of conbercept combined with macular grid photocoagulation in terms of improving visual acuity and CMT. However, there is increased intraocular pressure, and the intraocular pressure monitoring needs to be strengthened.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882010

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the transmission chain of COVID-19 by serum antibody detection, and to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of the epidemic. Methods Field epidemiological investigation was used to determine the COVID-19 cases and their close contacts. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in throat swabs and anal swabs were examined by RT-PCR. Serum specimens were collected for anti-2019-nCoV IgM antibody detection and combined IgM/IgG detection. Results Case A had no confirmed exposure to COVID-19. However, case C and D had dinner and lived together with case A; they reported contact history and dinner history with other confirmed COVID-19 cases(H, L). Case A tested positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, whereas case C and D were negative. Moreover, case A and C were IgM antibody positive, while case D was negative. Case A, C and D were all positive for combined IgM/IgG. In addition, case D had clinical symptom, while case C did not. Conclusion Serum antibody detection can be used as an effective supplement to the inference of transmission chain of COVID-19, which may facilitate determining the source of infection and improving the evidence.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological trend of varicella(chickenpox)in Urumqi, this retrospective study was performed by using the school surveillance data between 2014 and 2018. Methods:Descriptive epidemiology method was used to analyze the data of varicella cases from school infectious disease prevention and control information management system from 2014 to 2018. Results:A total of 4 910 cases of varicella were reported in primary and secondary schools, with an average incidence of 290.73/100 000 per year. Primary school students accounted for 60.6%, middle school students for 27.4% and high school students for 12.0%. Among them, there were 2 595 boys and 2 315 girls with sex ratio of 1.12∶1. Two seasonal peaks of varicella incidence were observed every year, from March to June and from November to January of next year. Conclusion:Primary schools are the major places of varicella outbreak and should be the priority places for prevention and control, but the prevention and education in boarding schools should not be neglected. In areas with high incidence of varicella, it is vital to focus on prevention to avoid the infectious diseases spreading and outbreak.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 487-495, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873772

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticles have better applicability in the detection, treatment of cancer and various difficult diseases, but mononuclear phagocytosis system can seriously shorten the time of nanoparticles in vivo circulation, reduce the drug efficacy. The protein crown formed on the surface of the nanoparticle after entering the body can change its surface properties, interfere with the recognition of phagocytes, and thus affect its circulation time in vivo. This article outlines the general composition and formation process of protein crowns. It also summarizes the influence of the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles, such as particle size, surface charge, hydrophilicity and surface materials on the formation of protein crowns. The protein crown affects the circulation of nanoparticles in vivo, mainly because the adsorbed opsonic protein promotes cell phagocytosis. Therefore, we also introduce the method of using protein crowns to promote the long circulation of nanoparticles in vivo. By designing appropriate physical and chemical properties, surface modification, and directed design of protein crowns, the adsorption of proteins on the surface of nanoparticles can be reduced. Therefore, it can reduce the clearance of nanoparticles in the mononuclear phagocytic system (mainly the phagocytes of the liver and spleen), and achieve the goal of long circulation of nanoparticles in the body.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879181

ABSTRACT

A new method of MS/MS~(ALL) was designed to sequentially record a MS~2 spectrum at each unit mass window through gas phase fractionation concept, so as to offer an opportunity for universal MS~2 spectral recording with direct infusion(DI). As a proof-of-concept, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) was applied for rapid chemome profiling of a famous herbal medicine named Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. After each MS~2 spectrum was correlated to its precursor ion, the structural annotation was conducted by applying well-defined mass cracking rules, matching the mass spectral data with literatures and referring to those accessible databases. As a result, a total of 54 components were identified from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos extract, including 21 phenolic acids, 13 flavonoids, 12 iridoids, 4 triterpenoids and 4 other compounds. Therefore, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) is a powerful tool for comprehensive, rapid qualitative analysis of chemical profiles of traditional Chinese medicine and other chemical components of complex systems.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lonicera , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879007

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to investigate the reproductive biology characteristics of Polygonatum cyrtonema, especially including phenology, flower bud differentiation, flowering timing, floral traits, pollen vigor and stigma receptivity. The results showed that P. cyrtonema forms inflorescence before the leaves spread. In the wild, P. cyrtonema is mainly pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, with a seed setting rate of 65.12%. The seed setting rate of indoor single plant isolation or self-pollination enclosed by parchment paper bag is 0, indicating that it is self-incompatible. In Lin'an city, seedlings begin to emerge from mid-March to early April(the temperature is higher than 7.5 ℃), buds begin to emerge from the end of March to mid-April, and then undergo the full bloom stage from mid-to-late April, and the final flowering stage from the end of April to mid-May. The whole flowering period lasts 36 to 45 days. There are obvious differences in the phenology of different provenances. The flowers come into bloom from the base to the top along the aboveground main axis, which usually contain 4-22 inflorescences with(2-) 4-10(-21) flowers per inflorescence. The flowering pe-riod for a single plant is 26-38 days. The single flower lasts about 20-25 days from budding to opening and withers 2 days after pollination, and then the ovary will gradually expand. If unpollinated, it will continue to bloom for 3-5 days and then wither. Flower development period is significantly related to pollen vigor and stigma remittance. The pollen viability is the highest when the flower is fully opened with anthers gathering on the stigma, and the receptivity is the strongest when the stigma protrudes out of the perianth and secretes mucus. The fruits and seeds ripen in October, and proper shading can ensure the smooth development and maturity of the seeds. This study provides a basis for the hybrid breeding and seed production of P. cyrtonema.


Subject(s)
Flowers , Plant Breeding , Pollination , Polygonatum , Reproduction
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 448-460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878574

ABSTRACT

Resource utilization is an effective way to cope with the rapid increase of kitchen waste and excess sludge, and volatile fatty acids produced by anaerobic fermentation is an important way of recycling organic waste. However, the single substrate limits the efficient production of volatile fatty acids. In recent years, volatile fatty acids produced by anaerobic co-fermentation using different substrates has been widely studied and applied. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of fermentation to produce acid using kitchen waste and excess sludge alone or mixture. Influences of environmental factors and microbial community structure on the type and yield of volatile fatty acids in the anaerobic fermentation system are discussed in detail. Moreover, we propose future research directions, to provide a reference for recycling kitchen waste and excess sludge.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bioreactors , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Fermentation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Microbiota , Organic Chemicals , Sewage
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1422-1430, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional dyspepsia (FD) has rarely been investigated in areas with a high prevalence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aims to reveal the epidemiological and clinical features of FD and organic dyspepsia (OD) in such a population.@*METHODS@#A middle-aged and elderly population-based study was conducted in a region with a high incidence of ESCC. All participants completed the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire and Functional Gastrointestinal Disease Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire, and they underwent gastroscopy. After exclusion of gastroesophageal reflux disease, uninvestigated dyspepsia (UID) was divided into OD and FD for further analyses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2916 participants were enrolled from July 2013 to March 2014 in China. We detected 166 UID cases with questionnaires, in which 17 patients with OD and 149 with FD were diagnosed via gastroscopy. OD cases presented as reflux esophagitis (RE), ESCC, and duodenal ulcer. Heartburn (52.94%) and reflux (29.41%) were common in OD, but no symptomatic differences were found between FD and OD. Male sex, low education level, and liquid food were the risk factors for OD, while frequent fresh vegetable consumption was a protective factor. FD included 56 (37.58%) cases of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), 52 (34.89%) of epigastric pain syndrome (EPS), nine (6.04%) of PDS + EPS, and 32 (21.48%) of FD + functional esophageal disorders. The Helicobacter pylori infection rate in FD patients was not higher than that in the control group (34.23% vs. 42.26%, P = 0.240). Frequent spicy food consumption was associated with PDS (odds ratio [OR]: 2.088, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.028-4.243), while consumption of deep well water was protective for PDS (OR: 0.431, 95% CI: 0.251-0.741).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of FD was 5.11% in the studied population. Gastroscopy should be prescribed for dyspepsia patients in case that ESCC and RE would be missed in UID cases diagnosed solely by the Rome III questionnaire.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01688908; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01688908.


Subject(s)
Aged , China/epidemiology , Dyspepsia/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged
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