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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 524-531, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reduced application of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with higher mortality rates after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to evaluate potential factors contributing to the refusal of PCI in STEMI patients in China.@*METHODS@#We studied 957 patients diagnosed with STEMI in the emergency departments (EDs) of six public hospitals in China. The differences in baseline characteristics and 30-day outcome were investigated between patients who refused PCI and those who underwent PCI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the potential factors associated with refusing PCI.@*RESULTS@#The potential factors contributing to refusing PCI were older than 65 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.56-4.52, P 12 h) (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.83-6.02, P < 0.001) and not being hospitalized in a tertiary hospital (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.27-0.75, P = 0.002). Compared to men, women were older, were less often married, had a lower BMI and were less often hospitalized in tertiary hospitals.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients who were older, had lower economic or social status, and had poorer health status were more likely to refuse PCI after STEMI. There was a sex difference in the potential predictors of refusing PCI. Targeted efforts should be made to improve the acceptance of PCI among patients with STEMI in China.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887975

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases seriously endanger human health and life. The accompanying myocardial injury has been a focus of attention in society. Chinese medicine,serving as a natural and precious reservoir for the research and development of new drugs,is advantageous in resisting myocardial injury due to its multi-component,multi-pathway,and multi-target characteristics. In recent years,with the extensive application of culture method for isolated cardiomyocytes,a cost-effective,controllable in vitro model of cardiomyocyte injury with uniform samples is becoming a key tool for mechanism research on cardiomyocyte injury and drug development.A good in vitro model can reduce experimental and manpower cost,and also accurately stimulate clinical changes to reveal the mechanism. Therefore,the selection and establishment of in vitro model are crucial for the in-depth research. This study summarized the modeling principles,evaluation indicators,and application of more than ten models reflecting different clinical conditions,such as injuries induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation,hypertrophy,oxidative stress,inflammation,internal environmental disturbance,and toxicity. Furthermore,we analyzed advantages and technical difficulties,aiming to provide a reference for in-depth research on myocardial injury mechanism and drug development.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Humans , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oxidative Stress
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the swallowing function of the elderly in welfare homes of Wenzhou City,Zhejiang Province and to analyze the related factors of swallowing dysfunction. Methods:A total of 507 elderly people aged 60 years and over were surveyed by questionnaires in three welfare homes of Wenzhou City from January 2018 to January 2020.Hinds time-limited water drinking test was used to screen dysphagia. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of swallowing dysfunction. Results:The incidence of swallowing dysfunction was 26.04% (132 out of 507). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the incidence of swallowing dysfunction among the elderly in terms of age, spouse condition, self-care ability, health status, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular disease, nervous system disease and depression (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were related to swallowing dysfunction among the elderly: age ≥80 years old, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular diseases, nervous system diseases and depression. Conclusion:The incidence of swallowing dysfunction in elderly people in welfare homes of Wenzhou City is high, especially those aged ≥80 years who need more attention. In addition, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular diseases, nervous system diseases and depression all increase the risk of swallowing dysfunction. Corresponding preventive and intervention measures should be formulated.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological and etiological characteristics of group A rotavirus (RV) in children under 5 years of age with acute diarrhea in Hubei province from 2018 to 2019, and to provide evidence for prevention and control of RV in key population. Methods A total of 922 fecal samples were collected from children aged 5 years and younger with diarrhea from 2018 to 2019 in sentinel hospitals of viral diarrhea surveillance in Hubei Province. Reverse transcription- Polymerase chain reactions were used for RV nucleic acid detection. VP7 and VP4 genes were amplified from RV positive samples, respectively. G and P genotypes were analyzed after sequence analysis. Results From 2018 to 2019, the positive rate of RV group A virus infection in children aged 5 years and under in Hubei province was 12.58%, and there was no significant difference between male and female infection (χ2=0.206, P>0.05).The positive rate of RV in group A was significantly different among different age groups (χ2=28.399, P<0.05). The main infected population was between 7 and 12 months and between 13 and 24 months. RV infection showed obvious seasonality, the prevalence appeared in December, and the prevalence peaked in January to March of the following year. Four G genotypes (G1, G2, G3 and G9) and two P genotypes (P[8] and P[4]) were found by G and P genotypes analysis of VP7 and VP4 genes of RV group A virus. There were 5 genotype combinations of G and P, the main genotype was G9P[8], followed by G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8] and G2P[8]. Conclusion The genotypes of group A RV virus in children with diarrhea in Hubei province from 2018 to 2019 are diverse, and the main type is G9P[8]. People aged between 6 months and 24 months are the key population for prevention and control of RV in children aged 5 years and younger with diarrhea. Strengthen the protection of key population and vaccinations are helpful for prevention and control of RV diarrhea infection.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the frequency and severity of systemic adverse reactions in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) undergoing subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT).Methods:The clinical data of 321 children with allergic rhinitis receiving SCIT at Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Changzhou Third People′s Hospital from January 2016 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 180 boys and 141 girls aged 5 to 14 years. Patients were injected subcutaneously with standardized dust mites allergen extract. The onset time, symptoms and signs and treatment of adverse reactions were documented. The relationship of adverse reactions with gender, age, treatment course and dosage of allergen injection were analyzed.Results:Patients received total 13 053 injections, and 115 adverse reactions (0.88%) occurred in 56 cases (17.45%). The incidence of adverse reactions in children aged 5-9 years was higher than in those aged 10-14 years, for both the number of cases and injections (χ2=4.41, P=0.04; χ2=9.13, P<0.01), but no significant differences were observed in gender of patients. The incidence of adverse reactions in the age group 2-3 years was lower than that in age groups<1 year and 1-<2 years in both of cases and injections (χ2=22.86, P<0.01; χ2=6.43, P=0.01; χ2=12.14, P<0.01; χ2=13.74, P<0.01). The incidence of adverse reactions in the high-dosage phase (100 000 SQ-U) was higher than that in the low-dosage phase (<100 000 SQ-U) (χ2=4.35, P=0.04). Conclusions:The study shows that the incidence of adverse reactions in children with allergic rhinitis receiving subcutaneous immunotherapy is less than 1% in the number of injections and most of them are grade Ⅰ adverse reactions. The study also shows that younger age, the early course of treatment and the high dosage of allergens are risk factors for adverse reactions.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 232-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884168

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is an important treatment for malignant tumors, but it will have a negative impact on the reproductive function of young female patients.In recent years, the measures to protect female fertility are increasing, including clinical mature technologies such as embryo cryopreservation and mature oocyte cryopreservation; highly experimental technologies such as immature oocyte in vitro fertilization and ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation.In addition, the application of stem cells and the proposal of artificial ovary also show great prospects in the protection of female fertility.This paper reviews the research progress of female fertility protection strategies in radiotherapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 350-354, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883724

ABSTRACT

Objective:By exploring the source of children's total fluoride intake and the relationship between children's total fluoride intake and dental fluorosis prevalence, to calculate the benchmark dose (BMD) of children's total fluoride intake and its 95% confidence lower limit (BMDL), and to provide the basis for revision of "Total Fluoride Intake for Inhabitants" (WS/T 87-2016).Methods:The villages that had water improvement for 5 years and more in 6 provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Hebei, Anhui, Henan and Shaanxi were selected as survey sites in April 2014. The water fluoride content of these villages was 0.3 - 3.0 mg/L, tap water samples from the centralized water supply were collected, and fluoride content was detected by ion selective electrode method. Children aged 8 to 12 years were selected, children's dental fluorosis was checked by Dean's method. Children's dietary and drinking water volume were surveyed by duplicate portion study (measurement for 3 d), and dietary fluoride content was detected according to the "Method for Determination of Fluorine in Foods". The mean and standard deviation of drinking water fluoride intake, dietary fluoride intake, and total fluoride intake were measured. According to the dose-response relationship between children's total fluoride intake and the detection rate of dental fluorosis, BMD and BMDL were calculated, and the reference dose (RfD) was calculated based on BMDL.Results:The mean of water fluoride of all 29 villages was 1.26 mg/L (from 0.41 to 2.85 mg/L). Totally 3 043 children aged 8 to 12 years were checked, and the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 30.2% (919/3 034). The lowest detection rate of dental fluorosis was 2.0% (2/100) and the highest was 71.4% (30/42) in the 29 villages. The children's dietary and drinking water volume of 769 person-time aged 8 to 12 years were surveyed, the children's daily drinking water fluoride intake, dietary fluoride intake, and total fluoride intake were (0.83 ± 0.66), (1.13 ± 0.61) and (1.96 ± 0.89) mg/d, respectively. The BMD of children's daily total fluoride intake was 2.43 mg, the BMDL was 2.21 mg, and the RfD was 2.21 mg.Conclusion:The BMD of 8 to 12 years old children's daily total fluoride intake is the same as the allowable limit (2.4 mg) of the national standard "Total Fluoride Intake for Inhabitants" (WS/T 87-2016).

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 333-336, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the revised method of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry for iodide index of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006).Methods:From July to September 2019, the Laboratory of Department for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control of Qinghai Institute for Disease Prevention and Control verified the revised method (determination of iodide in drinking water by cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry) of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry (hereinafter referred to as original method) in "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006). The revised method was verified according to the requirements of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Water Analysis Quality Control" (GB/T 5750.3-2006), including standard curve, detection limit, precision, accuracy and actual sample determination.Results:The linear range of the revised method was 0 - 20.0 μg/L, the correlation coefficient was - 0.999 4 - 0.999 8, and the detection limit was 0.231 μg/L. The relative standard deviation ( RSD) of low, medium and high iodine water samples of 6 times detection ranged from 1.4% to 9.6%, and the recoveries of low and medium water samples ranged from 89.0% to 108.0%. The detection results of national first-class reference materials for iodine composition analysis in water were within the range of standard value ± uncertainty. There was no significant difference in the test of results of 12 tap water samples between the revised method and the original standard method ( t = - 0.075, P > 0.05). Conclusion:The revised method has a good linear relationship of standard curve, high precision and accuracy, and good reproducibility, is simple and easy to operate, and is suitable for promotion and application.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 253-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883704

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a bone and joint disease caused by multiple factors, which seriously threatens human health. It is mainly manifested as joint pain and dysfunction. In severe cases, it can cause deformity. The mechanism of OA is not very clear, and there is a lack of effective therapeutic drugs; the exploration of etiology, pathogenesis and preventive measures of OA has always been an important research direction in this field. Studies have found that the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling pathway plays a key role in the occurrence and development of OA. This article reviews the research progress of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in OA in recent years at home and abroad.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 128-131, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the iodine nutritional level of children aged 8-10 and pregnant women in non-iodine excess areas in Hebei Province, and provide scientific basis and targeted prevention and treatment strategies for prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders.Methods:Iodine nutrition analysis was conducted in 162 counties (cities and districts, hereinafter referred to as counties) of Hebei Province in 2018. Each monitoring county was divided into 5 sampling areas according to east, west, south, north and middle locations. One township/street was randomly selected in each area, 1 primary school was selected in each township/street, and 40 non-boarding students aged 8-10 were selected from each primary school. In each monitoring county, 20 pregnant women were selected from each of the 5 townships/streets. Both children and pregnant women were collected samples for salt and urinary iodine (with a random urine sample) detection. The iodine content of salt was tested using the "General Test Method for Salt Industry-Determination of Iodine" (GB/T 13025.7-2012), and Sichuan salt and other fortified edible salt used the arbitration method. The urinary iodine content was tested using the "Arsenic-Cerium Catalytic Spectrophotometric Determination of Iodine in Urine" (WS/T 107-2006).Results:A total of 31 883 samples of edible salt were collected from children's homes in 162 counties, among which 28 539 were iodized salt, 26 456 were qualified iodized salt, the iodized salt coverage rate was 88.36% (after population standardization), and the qualified iodized salt consumption rate was 81.03% (after population standardization). A total of 31 883 urine samples were collected from children, with the median urinary iodine of 193.13 μg/L. There was one county with a median urinary iodine < 100 μg/L, and the median urinary iodine in 150 counties was 100-299 μg/L. A total of 15 572 salt samples of pregnant women were collected, among which the iodized salt samples were 14 260, the qualified iodized salt samples were 13 363, the iodized salt coverage rate was 90.10% (after population standardization), and the qualified iodized salt consumption rate was 83.54% (after population standardization). A total of 15 569 pregnant women were collected urine samples, the median urinary iodine was 164.86 μg/L, and the number of counties with a median urinary iodine < 150 μg/L was 67.Conclusions:Iodine nutrition of children and pregnant women is appropriate at the provincial level, but children and pregnant women in some counties are at risk of iodine deficiency. In the future, the prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders should focus on the iodine nutrition monitoring of the special needs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the early predictors of Mycoplasma pneumoniae necrotizing pneumonia in children.Methods:Clinical data of 291 children with lobar pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae who were hospitalized in Department of Respiratory Intervention, Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from August 2016 to September 2018, were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into necrotizing pneumonia group (154 cases) and non-necrotizing pneumonia group (137 cases). After comparing clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and bronchoscopy findings, multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out on the indicators with statistical significance to obtain the independent predictive indicators of Mycoplasma pneumoniae necrotizing pneumonia, and then the cutoff value with the maximum diagnostic value of each indicator was found through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Results:There were no significant differences in gender and age distribution, duration before admission, and platelet count between the 2 groups(all P>0.05). Necrotizing pneumonia group manifested with 11.0(8.3-14.4)×10 9/L of white blood cell count, 0.740±0.115 of neutrophil, 44.2(21.2-72.0) mg/L of C-reactive protein(CRP), 55(35-80) mm/1 h of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 0.19(0.08-0.60) ng/L of procalcitonin, 2.63(1.62-3.79) mg/L of plasma D-dimer, 456(340-665) U/L of serum lactate dehydrogenase, (35.6±4.3) g/L of serum albumin, 121 cases(78.6%)of bronchoscopic mucosal erosion, 75 cases(48.7%)of purulent lavage, 119 cases(77.3%)of massive secretions embolism; non-necrotizing pneumonia group manifested with 8.7(6.9-11.6)×10 9/L of white blood cell count, 0.660±0.127 of neutrophil percentage, 15.9(7.5-34.3) mg/L of CRP, 45(30-60) mm/1 h of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 0.10(0.06-0.20) ng/L of procalcitonin, 0.69(0.46-1.24) mg/L of plasma D-dimer, 314(250-419) U/L of serum lactate dehydrogenase, (38.9±3.7) g/L of serum albumin, 53 cases(38.7%)of bronchoscopic mucosal erosion, 20 cases(14.6%)of purulent lavage, and 76 cases(55.5%)of massive secretions embolism.All the above indicators had statistical differences between the 2 groups.Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, and bronchoscopic mucosal erosion were independent predictors of Mycoplasma necrotizing pneumonia.The area under the ROC curve were 0.643, 0.749, 0.858 and 0.699, respectively, with the cut off point of 53 mm/1 h, 335 U/L, and 1.36 mg/L, respectively. Conclusions:Erythrocyte sedimentation rate≥53 mm/1 h, serum lactate dehydrogenase≥335 U/L, D-dimer≥1.36 mg/L, and bronchoscopic mucosal erosion are early independent predictors of Mycoplasma necrotizing pneumonia in children, among which D-dimer has the highest value.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882865

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 4 children with congenital absence of tracheal cartilage ring in Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from November 2017 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The age of the 4 cases was from 2 months to 1 year.One case had no obvious symptoms after birth, and then had repeated wheezing attacks for 3 times.Another 3 cases had symptoms after birth, such as throat ringing, repeated cough and asthma.Bronchoscopy in 4 cases indicated that the local lumen of trachea was round and centripetal stenosis, but the body of bronchoscope could pass smoothly, and no cartilage structure was found in the wall of trachea.Among them, 3 cases of chest enhanced CT examination displayed local and hourglass-like tracheal stenosis, without vascular ring malformation.All the 4 cases were treated by operation, of which 3 cases recovered well and 1 case died of severe infection after operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the diagnostic value of non-enhanced lesions on enhanced CT in lung consolidation for necrotizing pneumonia in children.Methods:A total of 101 cases of necrotizing pneumonia with air sacs on CT scan who were hospitalized in the Department of Respiratory Intervention, Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from August 2016 to September 2018 were enrolled in this study(group with air lucency). Besides, another 75 cases of lobar pneumonia with non-enhanced lesions in lung consolidation but without air sacs on enhanced CT were also included from the same hospital over the same period(group without air lucency). Clinical data of these patients were retrospectively collected and statistically analyzed.Results:The white blood cell count was (12.5±5.5)×10 9/L in group with air sacs and (10.8±4.1)×10 9/L in group without air sacs, and the difference was statistically significant( t=-2.161, P=0.032). There was no statistical difference between the group with and without air sacs in age, gender distribution, the course prior to admission, duration of fever after admission, length of hospital stay, medical expense, the neutrophils percentage in peripheral blood, C-reactive protein, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum procalcitonin, serum D-Dimer, serum lactate dehydrogenase, serum albumin, bronchoscopy times, the bronchial mucosal erosion ratio, the mucus plug score, the lavage purulent lavage ratio, and the ratio of luminal stricture or atresia in late bronchoscopy(all P>0.05). Conclusions:The clinical course of patients with non-enhanced lesions in lung consolidation but without air sacs is almost identical to that of patients with air sacs on CT scan.The presence of non-enhanced lesions in lung consolidation can be used as diagnostic basis of necrotizing pneumonia in children.

14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 91-100, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880951

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in many diseases. However, their involvement in CHD is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of dysregulated lncRNAs in CHD. We used Gene Expression Omnibus data mining, bioinformatics analysis, and analysis of clinical tissue samples and observed that the novel lncRNA SAP30-2:1 with unknown function was significantly downregulated in damaged cardiac tissues from patients with CHD. Knockdown of lncRNA SAP30-2:1 inhibited the proliferation of human embryonic kidney and AC16 cells and decreased the expression of heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2 (HAND2). Moreover, lncRNA SAP30-2:1 was associated with HAND2 by RNA immunoprecipitation. Overall, these results suggest that lncRNA SAP30-2:1 may be involved in heart development through affecting cell proliferation via targeting HAND2 and may thus represent a novel therapeutic target for CHD.


Subject(s)
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Cell Proliferation , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Histone Deacetylases , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Transcription Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879185

ABSTRACT

Rhus chinensis is an important resource plant. The aqueous extract of R. chinensis roots or stems was to produce Shuguantong Syrup, which is mainly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris with definite curative effect. On this basis, the crude phenolic part of R. chinensis prepared by macroporous resin was evaluated for the cardio protective effect against myocardial ischemia in mice. The results showed that the phenolic part group with oral administration at the dosages of 190.8-381.6 mg·kg~(-1), compared with the model group, reduced the values of left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDs) and the left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVEDd), and increased the cardiac ejection fraction(EF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(FS) rate, which could effectively improve cardiac function and exert its anti-myocardial ischemia effect, and reduce the rising levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) in serum. HE staining showed that the phenolic part group reduced the infiltration of myocardial inflammatory cells and alleviated the degree of myocardial fibrosis and collagen deposition. TUNEL staining showed that the blue-green fluorescence of the phenolic part group decreased successively, and the degree of myocardial cell apoptosis was reduced. Immunohistochemical staining suggested that it could reduce the number of positive cells for p53 protein expression and significantly improve myocardial cell damage. All above data suggested that the phenolic part group had an anti-mycardial ischemis effect. Related mechanism studies revealed that the crude phenolic part could regulate the expressions of the p53 gene(p53), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), B lymphoma-2 gene(Bcl-2), and caspase-3 protein(caspase-3) in myocardial tissue, suggesting that it could reduce cardiac remodeling and myocardial ischemic damage, and improve cardiac function by inhibiting myocardial apoptosis.This research laid a foundation for the elucidation of the pharmacological ingredients R. chinensis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Mice , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rhus , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world, female breast cancer is induced by the high level of estrogen. Saussureae Involucratae Herba(SIH), a gynecological medicinal, regulates estrogen-induced diseases. However, the therapeutic effect of SIH on breast cancer has not been reported. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential efficacy of SIH on breast cancer based on in vitro experiment and network pharmacology. The inhibitory effect of SIH water extract on proliferation and migration of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was examined. The result demonstrated SIH water extract significantly suppressed the proliferation of breast cancer cells(IC_(50)=6.47 mg·mL~(-1)) and also restricted the migration. A total of 39 components of SIH were retrieved from traditional Chinese medicine database(TCMD) and 160 targets of SIH were screened by target fishing with the PharmaDB database. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) was used to establish a 1 001-targets data set of breast cancer. Based on the overlaps(45) of targets between SIH and breast cancer, a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was built to analyze the interactions among these targets with STRING platform and Cytoscape. Finally, through topology and GO and KEGG analysis, 8 targets, 101 pathways and 85 biological processes were found to involve the treatment of breast cancer by SIH. SIH may exert the anti-breast cancer effect by regulating cell cycle, inhibiting proliferation, migration and adhesion of cancer cells, and modulating estrogen receptor. This study clarified the mechanism of SIH in treating breast cancer, which lays a foundation for the further development of SIH.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Databases, Genetic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888123

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Protein Interaction Maps , Qi , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888086

ABSTRACT

Wuwei Ganlu, a formula for medicated bath, consists of medicinal materials of Ephedra sinica, Platycladus orientalis, Myricaria squamosa, Artemisia carvifolia, and Rhododendron anthopogonoides, which is effective in inducing perspiration, resisting inflammation, relieving pain, regulating yellow water disease, and activating blood circulation. On this basis, a variety of formulas for Tibetan medicated bath have been derived for the treatment of diseases in internal organs, joints, nerves, etc. Modern studies have confirmed that Wuwei Ganlu has a good therapeutic efficacy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA). The present study explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Firstly, the chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained through literature mining and database retrieval, and corresponding potential targets were predicted according to the BATMAN-TCM database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was obtained after the potential targets were input into the STRING database. The network function modules were analyzed by the Molecular Complex Detection(MCODE) algorithm, and the functions of the modules were annotated to analyze the action mode of Wuwei Ganlu. Secondly, the related targets of KOA were collected through the DisGeNET database, and the overlapping targets were confirmed to analyze the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA. Finally, the key targets were selected for molecular docking with the main components of Wuwei Ganlu to verify the component-target interaction. A total of 550 chemical components and 1 365 potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained. PPI analysis indicated that this formula could exert the effects of oxidation-reduction, inflammation resistance, bone absorption, bone mineralization, etc. Nineteen common targets were obtained from the intersection of potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu and KOA disease targets. It was found that the Wuwei Ganlu mainly acts on nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), interleukin-1 beta(IL1β), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), IL6, IL1 receptor antagonist(IL1 RN), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) to treat KOA. Among the 550 chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu, 252 potential active components were docked with TNF and 163 with PTGS2, indicating good binding of the components with potential key targets. The study preliminarily explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of Tibetan medicated bath that has been included in the UN Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Inflammation , Molecular Docking Simulation , Osteoarthritis, Knee
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the practice of humanistic care and social worker voluntary service in public hospitals in China.Methods:From January to March 2021, 38 typical cases concerning " medical social worker and volunteer system" and " building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship through humanistic service" were collected by relying on the evaluation of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative. By means of statistics on the frequency of the subject words in the cases, hotspots of these hospitals in " paying attention to medical humanistic care and promoting social work voluntary service" were identified.Results:By classifying the keywords of the 38 cases, the hotspots mainly focused on strengthening the construction and management of social work volunteer platform and team, providing convenient and high-quality services, integrating humanistic care into diagnosis and treatment services, and building characteristic brand projects.Conclusions:The concept of humanistic care should be integrated into the hospital culture construction, the standardized and institutionalized development of humanistic care and volunteer work in the hospital should be promoted. Supporting measures should be introduced to promote the professional and stable development of talent team, and the routine service system should be established based on the needs assessment of both doctors and patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the practice and experience of " patient-centered, popularizing multi-disciplinary team(MDT) mode" in medical institutions, and to put forward reasonable suggestions and opinions for medical institutions to further improve and popularize MDT mode.Methods:Based on the evaluation of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative, 40 typical cases of MDT in medical institutions were collected, and descriptive analysis and textual analysis were carried out on the cases.Results:There were more specialized hospitals carrying out MDT, the application scope of MDT services was constantly expanding, and the management system and diagnosis and treatment process were constantly optimized.Conclusions:The mode of MDT in China is in the stage of exploration and development. In the promotion process, it is necessary to give full play to the role of information means, establish scientific and reasonable cost measurement and charge standard, and improve the enthusiasm of medical institutions and medical personnel to participate in MDT.

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