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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928054

ABSTRACT

This study discovered that the resolution of 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid(isochlorogenic acid A) in the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(ChP)(2020 edition) was poor, which affected accurate quantification. We tested the method in ChP with chromatographic columns of seven brands to clarify the problems in the existing method, optimized the chromatographic conditions by adjusting the mobile phase composition and elution ratio and replacing the chromatographic column packing, and carried out the reproducibility assay for the new method. The two methods were compared for the content determination results of Chrysanthemi Flos prepared from six different varieties. As evaluated by the resolution based on different chromatographic columns of seven brands, the existing method failed to separate isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D well. The peaks of the two components were not completely separated on three chromatographic columns, and isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D generated a co-effluent peak in the other four columns. Isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D could be completely separated under the optimized chromatographic conditions. The difference in the peak areas of isochlorogenic acid A+isochlorogenic acid D obtained by the optimized method and the method in ChP was not significant, with deviation less than 3.0%, which further proved that the result measured by the method in ChP was the co-effluent of isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D. The optimized method can ensure the accurate quantification of isochlorogenic acid A. The existing content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos has the problem of poor resolution. It is recommended to revise the chromatographic conditions for the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos to improve the resolution of isochlorogenic acid A and ensure its accurate quantification.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 39-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927579

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome and an independent risk factor of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal failure. At present, the treatments of AKI are still very limited and the morbidity and mortality of AKI are rising. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs and circular RNAs (circRNAs), are RNAs that are transcribed from the genome, but not translated into proteins. It has been widely reported that ncRNA is involved in AKI caused by ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), drugs and sepsis through different molecular biological mechanisms, such as apoptosis and oxidative stress response. Therefore, ncRNAs are expected to become a new target for clinical prevention and treatment of AKI and a new biomarker for early warning of the occurrence and prognosis of AKI. Here, the role and mechanism of ncRNA in AKI and the research progress of ncRNA as biomarkers are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , Reperfusion Injury/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912620

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the " project-talent-base" combining international science and technology cooperation management model and mechanism through summarizing the practical experience of a tertiary pediatric hospital in Beijing in recent years, to provide reference for strengthening the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation.Methods:Main problems existing in the management of international science and technology cooperation in domestic medical institutions are analyzed, and management methods of international science and technology cooperation adopted by the hospital are classified through policy sorting, literature research, summarization and classification.Results:The hospital has established an efficient and high-quality international science and technology cooperation management model mainly through four aspects: improving the international cooperation management system, enriching international cooperation and exchange projects, building different types of international science and technology cooperation platforms, and strengthening personnel training.Conclusions:Under the background of the globalization of science and technology and the accelerating pace of scientific research in China, improving the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation management model will effectively promote the introduction of international advanced technologies and concepts, and enhance the overall science and technology innovation capabilities and discipline construction.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Exposure to the ionizing radiation (IR) encountered outside the magnetic field of the Earth poses a persistent threat to the reproductive functions of astronauts. The potential effects of space IR on the circadian rhythms of male reproductive functions have not been well characterized so far.@*METHODS@#Here, we investigated the circadian effects of IR exposure (3 Gy X-rays) on reproductive functional markers in mouse testicular tissue and epididymis at regular intervals over a 24-h day. For each animal, epididymis was tested for sperm motility, and the testis tissue was used for daily sperm production (DSP), testosterone levels, and activities of testicular enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and acid phosphatase (ACP)), and the clock genes mRNA expression such as Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ.@*RESULTS@#Mice exposed to IR exhibited a disruption in circadian rhythms of reproductive markers, as indicated by decreased sperm motility, increased daily sperm production (DSP), and reduced activities of testis enzymes such as G6PDH, SDH, LDH, and ACP. Moreover, IR exposure also decreased mRNA expression of five clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ) in testis, with alteration in the rhythm parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested potential health effects of IR exposure on reproductive functions of male astronauts, in terms of both the daily overall level as well as the circadian rhythmicity.


Subject(s)
ARNTL Transcription Factors/genetics , Acid Phosphatase , Animals , CLOCK Proteins/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/radiation effects , Epididymis/radiation effects , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Genitalia, Male/radiation effects , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , L-Iditol 2-Dehydrogenase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Models, Animal , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 2/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena/radiation effects , Sperm Motility/radiation effects , Spermatozoa/radiation effects , Testis/radiation effects
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1012-1018, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop an automated chimeric analysis and reporting platform based on short tandem repeat (STR) and capillary electrophoresis methods for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) so as to improve work efficiency.@*METHODS@#Apache, MySQL, PHP and HTML5 were used to build the database and interface. The STR locus geno typing and chimeric analysis logic and flow were set up on the basis of STR rules and capillary electrophoresis. STR genotyping and 194 times of chimeric testing data of 100 patients after allo-HSCT were used to test the platform for automatic STR locus genotyping, chimeric calculation and report generation.@*RESULTS@#The established platform could realize the functions of STR locus customization, STR genotype determination, automatic chimeric analysis, and detection information database management, which can automatically generate an integrated report including multiple sequential chimeric results and trend graphs for the same patient and can be accessed and used simultaneously by different users through different browser interfaces. The results of automated analysis by the platform are completely consistent with that of manual analysis by experienced technicians, and the possibility of manual analysis error is reduced through automation. The time required for automatic analysis using this platform is approximately 1/6-1/5 of manual analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The automatic analysis platform built in this study is operation stable and reliable in analysis results, which can improve work efficiency and report connotation, thus worthing popularized and applicable.


Subject(s)
Electrophoresis, Capillary , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Tissue Donors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826380

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive-like behavior in rats and expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100β in the hippocampal and prefrontal cortex. Rats were randomly assigned to three groups:saline control group,saline+CUMS group,and citalopram +CUMS group. CUMS was used for depression modeling in rats. Depressive-like behavior in rats were evaluated by open-field test,sucrose preference test,and novel object recognition test. S100β and BDNF expressions were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Rats in the saline+CUMS group had significantly lower score in sucrose preference [(52.48±13.14)%],basic motor tasks [(845.8±371.4)s],fine motor tasks [(565.6±211.9)s],and longer resting time [(282.6±11.8)s] compared to the control group [(84.30±6.15)% (=7.49,=0.000),(1239.1±281.6)s (=2.83,=0.008),(801.8±150.9)s (=3.05,=0.003),(268.2±12.8)s (=2.72,=0.001)]. Compared with the citalopram+CUMS group,rats from the saline+CUMS group also showed significantly lower results in sucrose preference [(80.55±11.31)%,=5.39,=0.000],basic motor tasks [(1156.4±314.7)s,=2.13,=0.031],and fine motor tasks [(736.1±150.0)s,=2.21,=0.008]. There were no significant differences in the expression of hippocampal and prefrontal BDNF between these two groups,but rats from the saline+CUMS group expressed significantly higher levels of S100β compared to rats from the citalopram+CUMS group [(13.22±2.23) ng/g (10.55±2.72) ng/g,=2.67,=0.014]. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the expression of S100β was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus (=0.35,=0.034;=0.36,=0.034).The novel object recognition index was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus(=0.38,=0.021),and the duration of fine-motor activities was negatively correlated with S100β in the prefrontal cortex (=-0.36,=0.037). Different types of depressive behaviors in rats induced by CUMS are associated with the selective expression of S100β and BDNF in two different brain cortex. S100β protein and BDNF may independently participate in the pathogenesis of depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Citalopram , Depression , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Frontal Lobe , Metabolism , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Metabolism , Stress, Psychological
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879338

ABSTRACT

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is a severe complication of the diabetes mellitus, which is the first leading cause of non-traumatic lower limbs amputations. The pathogenesis of diabetic foot involves a variety of mechanisms, treatment involves the department of foot and ankle surgery, department of vascular surgery, endocrinology, and infection control. Treatment need multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Debridement is the basis of treating diabetic foot ulcers, and the normal anatomical structure should be maintained during the process. Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and antibiotic-laden bone cement (ALBC) have more advantages of controlling infection and ulceration wound healing, which could receive good clinical effect. Tendon lengthening could alleviate the problem of ulcer occurrence and progression caused by stress concentration on the bottom of foot, which has widely application and has advantages of preventing formation of foot ulcers. Flap transplantation could solve the problem of wound healing, but it is necessary to consider whether the transplanted flap could bear the same function as plantar tissue. Tibial bone transverse distraction is a relatively new technique, and the mechanism is not clear, but it has certain application prospects from the perspective of clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Debridement , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Foot Ulcer , Humans , Salvage Therapy , Wound Healing
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702433

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of triptolide on drebrin and cofilin expression in the hippocampus of rats with Alzheim-er's disease (AD). Methods Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into control group, model group and triptolide-treated group with 20 cases in each group. The AD model was established with unilateral injection of beta amyloid 1-40 (Aβ1- 40) into hippocampus in rats. The control group was established with unilateral injection of normal saline with the same volume into hippocampus in rats. The triptolide-treated group was administered triptolide intraperi-toneally, 0.4 mg/kg, once a day, for 15 days after modeling. Spine density of hippocampal neurons was assayed by Golgi staining. Drebrin and cofilin expression of hippocampal neurons was assayed by immunohistochemical staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results The spine density of hippocampal neurons was higher in the triptolide-treated group than in the model group (P<0.05). The average optical density of drebrin was higher in the triptolide-treated group than in the the model group (P<0.01), while the cell number and average optical density of cofilin were lower (P<0.05). The drebrin mRNA expression was higher in the triptolide-treated group than in the model group (P<0.05), and the cofilin mRNA expression was lower (P<0.01). Conclusion Triptolide may delay the degeneration of dendritic spines in hippocampal neurons of AD rats by regulating the expression of drebrin and cofilin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 169-174, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707287

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) on spinal motor neurons after end-to-end anastomosis of transected sciatic nerves in rats and further explore the possible mechanisms concerned.Methods A total of 30 SD rats were randomly divided into five groups:blank control group,sciatic nerve transaction group (model group),nerve anastomosis after sciatic nerve transaction (anastomosis group),nerve anastomosis with PBMCs treatment after sciatic nerve transaction (PBMCs group),and nerve anastomosis with solvent control treatment after sciatic nervetransaction (solvent control group),with six rats per group.Except for the rats in blank control group,transection of the left sciatic nerves conducted 0.5 cm under the piriformis muscle was performed in all animals,immediately followed by end-to-end anastomosis of sciatic nerves in anastomosis,PBMCs and solvent control groups.The rats in PBMCs group were given 0.2 ml PBMCs (1 × 107 PBMCs) at anastomosis,and the rats in solvent control group were injected with 0.2 ml PRMI-1640.After rats were on regular diet for 4 weeks,morphological examination was performed by HE staining and the counting of apoptotic cells was evaluated by TdT mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining.The protein expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were detected by Western blot.Results In model group,HE staining showed that most of the spinal motor neurons became vacuoles with karyopyknosis and cytomorphosis.In anastomosis group and solvent control group,some spinal motor neurons had contraction,deformation and even plasmolysis,with vacuoles status of cytoplasm,karyopyknosis in some cells.In PBMCs group,some spinal motor neurons were normal with nucleus in the middle while some other spinal motor neurons were seen plasmolysis and vacuoles status of cytoplasm.Through TUNEL,the numbers of apoptotic cells were 0.44 ± 0.10 in blank control group,5.78 ± 1.11 in model group,5.22 ±0.51 in anastomosis group,2.56-± 0.42 in the PBMCs group,and 3.78 ± 0.19 in solvent control group,respectively.Compared with blank control group,the apoptosis of spinal motor neurons was significantly increased in model group (P < 0.05).Compared with model group,the apoptosis of spinal motor neurons was significantly decreased in treatment groups except anastomosis group (P < 0.05).Compared with solvent control group,the apoptosis of spinal motor neurons was significantly decreased in PBMCs group (P < 0.05).The BDNF protein levels of the spinal cord tissue were 1.83 ± 0.72 in blank control group,1.35 ± 0.46 in model group,1.29 ± 0.44 in anastomosis group,1.87 ± 0.55 in PMBCs group,and 1.22 ± 0.50 in solvent control group,respectively.Compared with blank control group,the protein expression of BDNF was decreased in model group (P < 0.05).Compared with model group,the protein levels of BDNF and GDNF were increased in PMBCs group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between anastomosis group and solvent control group in regard of protein levels of BDNF and GDNF (P > 0.05).Conclusions The transaction of sciatic nerves may induce injury and apoptosis of the spinal motor neurons.End-to-end anastomosis combined with PMBCs can effectively ameliorate apoptosis of the spinal motor neurons,the mechanism of which may be related to PMBCs that may enhance protein levels of BDNF and GDNF in spinal cord.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an animal model for loaded swimming, so as to investigate the energy metabolism effects of soybean isoflavones (SI) on swimming mice.@*METHODS@#Thirty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into three groups:normal control, swimming group, and swimming+SI group. The normal control group mice were fed a basic AIN-93M diet, the SI groups were supplied with soybean isoflavones(4 g/kg).Two weeks later, the mice were forced to swim for an hour,and then all the mice were killed, the samples of blood, liver and muscles of hind were collected.The serum contents of lactic acid(Lac), the activities of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), creatine kinase (CK) and ATPase were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal control,the serum content of Lac was significantly improved in the group of the swimming control and SI(<0.05),the activity of LDH in the serum was obviously improved in the group of the swimming control and SI, and the activity of CK and SDH were both significantly improved in the group of the swimming control and SI except the activity of SDH in the liver of the group SI; compared with the swimming control,the serum contents of Lac,the activities of LDH, ATPase, SDH, CK were obviously improved(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Soybean isoflavones can improve the energy metabolism,antioxidant capacity of the swimming mice.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Blood , Animals , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Energy Metabolism , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lactic Acid , Blood , Male , Mice , Random Allocation , Soybeans , Chemistry , Succinate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Swimming
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515042

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A large number of cytokines produce in the periodontium on the tension side during orthodontic tooth movement, participate in periodontal remodeling, and make the tooth move to its normal position, thus achieving alveolar remodeling. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is reported to be involved in the periodontal remodeling. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of HSP27 in the rat periodontium on the tension side during the orthodontic tooth movement.METHODS: The rat models of orthodontic tooth movement were constructed using NiTi coil spring with the force value of 50 g. The periodontal samples were collected at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 14 days after exerting force to detect the expression level of HSP27 in the periodontium on the tension side.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Immunofluorescence staining results revealed that the expression level of HSP27 in the periodontal tissues began to increase at the 1st day after exerting force, reached the highest level at the 3rd day, and then fell to the initial level at the 5th day. To conclude, HSP27 is evoked by orthodontic force early, and it may play a role in periodontal remodeling.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Extensive research has been concentrated on the reconstruction of periodontium under orthodontic force. However, there are no reports regarding the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in rat periodontium during orthodontic tooth movement. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the expression of HSP70 in rat periodontium during orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS:Rat orthodontic tooth movement models were established using NiTi extension spring with the force of 50 g. The orthodontic periodontium was col ected at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 14 days after exerting force to detect the expression of HSP70. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:According to immunofluorescence staining, the expression of HSP70 in the periodontal tissues was increased on day 1 after exerting force, and reached the highest level on day 5, then decreased to the initial level on day 14. These results suggest that the expression of HSP70 is evoked by orthodontic force, and it may play a role in periodontal remodeling.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611371

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) on atrial effective refractory period (ERP) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.Methods 30 patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation for paroxysmal AF were enrolled in this study.Using FAM mode,the RA and LA anatomical models were achieved in the CARTO 3 system.SVC,MRA,RAA,LA-A,LA-R,LA-P,LAA,LSPV,LIPV,RSPV,RIPV,CSp,CSd,were respectively located in the RA or LA anatomical model.Before and after CPVI,ERPs were measured in different locations of the atrium using programmed stimulation.The ERPs of the RA (SVC,MRA,RAA,CSp),LA (LA-A,LA-R,LA-P,LAA,CSd),PVs (LSPV,RSPV,LIPV,RIPV) were compared.Bilateral CPVIs were completed in all patients,and PV-LA bidirectional conduction block was achieved.The changes of electrophysiological characteristics of atrium before and after CPVI were observed.Results (1) ERP at different locations in the atrium before CPVI:Comparisons of ERPs at different locations of atrium:RAA had the minimal ERPs[(197.4 ± 28.6) ms (P < 0.01);followed by PVs measuring,respectively,LSPV (213.0 ± 47.5) ms,LIPV (208.9 ± 45.9) ms,RSPV (209.3 ± 43.6) ms,RIPV (213.5 ± 48.1) ms and LAA (218.1 ± 27.7) ms.Comparisons of ERPs in RA,LA,and PVs showed:PVs had the lowest ERPs (211.2 ± 35.2) ms versus RA ERP (227.0 ± 23.7) ms versus LA ERP (241.0 ± 21.5) ms (P < 0.05).(2) Comparisons of ERPs before and after CPVI:Comparisons of ERPs at different locations of atrium showed:RAA [(197.4 ± 28.6) ms vs.(208.6 ± 32.2) ms,P=0.003],CSp [(234.7 ± 29.1) ms vs.(246.9 ± 29.7) ms,P=0.007],LA-R [(242.9 ± 28.9) ms vs.(258.3 ± 26.9) ms,P=0.003],LA-P [(252.2 ± 28.5) ms vs.(261.1 ± 30.2) ms,P=0.039]and CSd [(238.6 ± 28.3) ms vs.(250.3 ± 23.6) ms,P =0.009].ERPs were found statistically prolonged at all different locations after CPVI.Comparisons of ERPs at RAand LA after CPVI showed:RA [(227.0 ± 23.7) ms vs.(235.9 ± 21.7)ms,P=0.002]and LA [(241.0 ± 21.5) ms vs.(249.7 ± 19.9) ms,P =0.001],which were statistically increased after CPVI.(3) A total of 90 episodes of atrial arrhythmias were induced before CPVI which were found at RAA (n =17),LAA (n =12),and PVs (n =36).After CPVI,8 episodes of atrial arrhythmias were induced which were found at,RAA (n =4),LAA (n =3),and SVC (n =1).Conclusions (1) Compared with other parts of atrium,ERPs at PVs,LAA and RAA are significantly shorter in patients with paroxysmal AF.At PVs,LAA and RAA,atrial arrhythmias are easily to be induce by programmed stimulation.(2) In patients with paroxysmal Af:PVs has the shortest ERPsfollowed by RAs whereas LA ERPs is the longest.There is a large ERP gradient change between PVs and LA.(3) The ERPs at RAs,LAs,As,and LA-PV are prolonged after CPVI.(4) Atrial arrhythmia is less likely to be induced after CPVI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 551-554, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620225

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of enteral nutrition in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) by nasogastric tube and nasointestinal tube.Methods A retrospective case control study was made on 64 patients with sTBI hospitalized from October 2013 to December 2015.The patients were assigned to nasogastric tube group (n=32) and nasointestinal tube group (n=32) according to the random number table, and the same nutrient solution was given to all patients.Eighteen male and 14 female patients aged (37.8±8.7)years were identified in nasogastric tube group, and the Glasgow coma score (GCS) was (4.7±1.3)points.Twenty males and 14 females aged (39.7±6.5)years were identified in nasointestinal tube group, and the GCS was (4.1±1.2)points.Triceps skinfold thickness, body mass index, hemoglobin, level of serum albumin and level of prealbumin were measured and compared between groups before and after operation.Incidence of complications was recorded as well.Results All the above-mentioned indexes of the two groups did not differ significantly before the therapy (P>0.05), but showed significant differences 7 and 15 days after therapy (P<0.05).Incidence of complications in nasointestinal tube group (17 lung infection, nine gastrointestinal bleeding, 11 electrolyte imbalance) was lower than that in nasogastric tube group (seven lung infection, two gastrointestinal bleeding, one reflux esophagitis, four electrolyte imbalance) (P<0.05).Conclusion Nasointestinal tube enteral nutrition is better than nasogastric tube enteral nutrition in improving nutritional status and reducing complications in patients with sTBI.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174864

ABSTRACT

Chronic high-salt diet-associated renal injury is a key risk factor for the development of hypertension. However, the mechanism by which salt triggers kidney damage is poorly understood. Our study investigated how high salt (HS) intake triggers early renal injury by considering the ‘gut-kidney axis’. We fed mice 2% NaCl in drinking water continuously for 8 weeks to induce early renal injury. We found that the ‘quantitative’ and ‘qualitative’ levels of the intestinal microflora were significantly altered after chronic HS feeding, which indicated the occurrence of enteric dysbiosis. In addition, intestinal immunological gene expression was impaired in mice with HS intake. Gut permeability elevation and enteric bacterial translocation into the kidney were detected after chronic HS feeding. Gut bacteria depletion by non-absorbable antibiotic administration restored HS loading-induced gut leakiness, renal injury and systolic blood pressure elevation. The fecal microbiota from mice fed chronic HS could independently cause gut leakiness and renal injury. Our current work provides a novel insight into the mechanism of HS-induced renal injury by investigating the role of the intestine with enteric bacteria and gut permeability and clearly illustrates that chronic HS loading elicited renal injury and dysfunction that was dependent on the intestine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Bacterial Translocation , Blood Pressure , Drinking Water , Dysbiosis , Enterobacteriaceae , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gene Expression , Hypertension , Intestines , Kidney , Mice , Microbiota , Permeability , Risk Factors
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250419

ABSTRACT

Sulfur fumigation usually causes transformation of chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). As for the process and storage of TCM, the sulfur fumigation has been no longer recommended by the government. This study is to explore the impact of the sulfur fumigation on the quality of Scutellariae Radix. Distillation combined with ion-chromatography was used to evaluate the residue of sulfur dioxide in 180 batches of Scutellariae Radix decoction pieces and 26 batches of Scutellariae Radix herbs. In addition, LC-MS combined with principal component analysis (PCA) was used to compare the changes in chemical components and flavonoid content in radix scutellariae before and after sulfur fumigation. As a result, 74 batches of Scutellariae Radix decoction pieces were determined to be unqualified on the basis of the residue limit of sulfur dioxide in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 Vol. Ⅳ (≤150 mg•kg⁻¹), with a qualification rate of 35.9%. All of the unqualified samples were decoction pieces. The fingerprint and PCA indicates that flavonoid content of Scutellariae Radix had no change before and after sulfur fumigation, but flavonoid glycosides decreased after sulfur fumigation and baicalin decreased sharply. The flavonoid glycoside was hydrolyzed to flavone aglycone in the process of sulfur fumigation, which caused the decrease in content of falvonoid glycosides and had an impact on the quality of Scutellariae Radix. The decoction pieces of Scutellariae Radix were seriously fumigated with sulfur in the processing, suggesting the key regulatory point is the decoction pieces production process.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254970

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between the changes of the copy numbers of mtDNA in peripheral blood mono-nucle- ar cell(PBMC) and the disordered of antioxidant capacity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Ficoll Hypaque method was used to isolate the PBMC from blood specimens. The ND1 gene of the mitochondrial was amplified by real-time PCR; meantime β-actin was served as a quantitative standard marker; the difference of mtDNA copy number in PBMC was compared between HCC and healthy control group. The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in PBMC was determined by flow cytometry. The change of total antioxidant capacity (T- AOC) of plasma was detected by the biochemistry examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The copy numbers of ND1 gene in PBMC of HCC was 73% that of the healthy control group,which suggested a decrease of the copy numbers of mtDNA in HCC. The levels of ROS of PBMC in HCC was (417. 82 ± 110.62) and (301.82 ± 75.54) in control group, which showed that the levels of ROS of PBMC in HCC were significant higher than that in control group (P < 0.01).Plasma T-AOC in HCC was (1.30 ± 0.85), and (3.20 ± 1.62) in control. The T-AOC of plasma of HCC was significantly lower than in control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was a certain relationship between the decrease of the copy numbers of mtDNA and the disordered antioxidant capacity in hepatocellular carcinoma, which may be associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Blood , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , DNA Copy Number Variations , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Liver Neoplasms , Blood , Genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1273-1275, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and evaluate the quality control of Radix Aucklandiae in Xianglian preparation and develop a new quality control method for the preparation through standard testing and exploration study on 127 batches of samples .Methods:Ac-cording to the mandatory method , Radix Aucklandiae was identified by TLC .In the exploratory research , the volatile compounds in Xianglian preparation was analyzed by SPME/GC-MS, and the GC-MS fingerprints of volatile compounds in Xianglian preparation with different dosage forms were established .The contents of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in Xianglian preparation were determined by UPLC.Results:According to the current quality standard , all the batches of samples met the standard with the qualified rate of 100%.The composition of volatile compounds in different dosage forms was similar , while the relative contents were quite different . The contents of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in Xianglian preparation were different .Conclusion: The exploratory research provides reference for the further revision of drug standard and monitoring quality of the preparation .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Cigarette smoking can seriously damage the periodontal tissues and root, and the nicotine in tobacco accelerates the progression of periodontal diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different doses of nicotine on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA in the periodontal tissue during orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: Totaly 110 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group (n=10), normal saline group (n=25), 0.5 mg/kg nicotine group (n=25), 0.75 mg/kg nicotine group (n=25), 1 mg/kg nicotine group (n=25). Rats in the normal saline groups were injected intraperitonealy with 0.1 mL normal saline, and those in the three nicotine groups were respectively injected with 0.5, 0.75, 1 mg/kg nicotine tartrate solution. Except the blank control group, the unilateral maxilary first molars of rats in the other four groups were exposed to 50 g force. At 1, 3, 5, 7, 14 days under force, the rats were sacrificed to take the maxilary tissues. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the changes of periodontal tissues, immunohistochemical staining was employed to count positive cels, andin situ hybridization staining was adopted to detect the mean absorbance value of cyclooxygenase-2 in the periodontal tissues. RESULTTS AND CONCLUSION:The number of odontoclasts and the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the nicotine groups were higher than those in the non-nicotine groups. With the increasing dose of nicotine, the number of odontoclasts gradualy increased, and the difference was statisticaly significant (P < 0.05). At 7 days under force, the number of odontoclasts reached the peak. With the increasing dose of nicotine, the positive expression intensity of cyclooxygenase-2 was also increased, and the difference was statisticaly significant (P < 0.05). The expression of cyclooxygenase-2 reached peak at 5 days under force. These findings indicate that with the increasing dose of nicotine, the number of odontoclasts and the expression intensity of cyclooxygenase-2 are both increased at the same time point under force. During the orthodontic tooth movement, the intake of nicotine can damage the periodontal tissue, and the dose of nicotine can directly influence the severity of damage to the periodontal tissue.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254982

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol, as a natural polyphenolic compound, has a wide range of beneficial effects, which includes anti-tumor, cardiovascular protection, anti-oxidant and estrogen-like effects, and so on. Its various physiological properties are closely related to the therapeutic principle for prevention and treatment of high altitude hypoxia injury. Resveratrol may play an important role in relieving or curing high altitude diseases, especially high altitude polycythemia(HAPC). However, the literature about study and application of resveratrol in plateau medicine field is rarely reported up to now. In this review, we summarized the physiological effects of resveratrol, discussed the possible main principle of resveratrol for HAPC therapy, and looked forward to resveratrol's perspective or potential application in high altitude medicine.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Humans , Hypoxia , Drug Therapy , Polycythemia , Drug Therapy , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
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