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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study was to assess the impact of bisphenol A (BPA) and its substitute, bisphenol F (BPF), on the colonic fecal community structure and function of mice.@*METHODS@#We exposed 6-8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice to 5 mg/(kg∙day) and 50 μg/(kg∙day) of BPA or BPF for 14 days. Fecal samples from the colon were analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Gut microbiome community richness and diversity, species composition, and function were significantly altered in mice exposed to BPA or BPF. This change was characterized by elevated levels of Ruminococcaceae UCG-010 and Oscillibacter and decreased levels of Prevotella 9 and Streptococcus. Additionally, pathways related to carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism showed substantial enrichment.@*CONCLUSION@#Mice exposed to different BP analogs exhibited distinct gut bacterial community richness, composition, and related metabolic pathways. Considering the essential role of gut bacteria in maintaining intestinal homeostasis, our study highlights the intestinal toxicity of BPs in vertebrates.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Benzhydryl Compounds/toxicity , Bacteria/genetics , Phenols
2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 299-307, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013590

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the new mechanism of triptolide (TRI) inhibiting the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) . Methods Different concentrations (0, 0 . 5, 2, and 8 jjunol • L~) of TRI were administered to act on liver cancer cells, and then the cell phenotypes and possible mechanisms were explored using experimental methods such as CCK-8, cell cloning, Transwell, and protein immunoblotting; siRNA was used to interfere with the target gene GSDME and its role was determined. Finally, the mechanism of TRI inhibiting the growth of HCC cells in vivo was validated using a transplanted tumor model. Results TRI could inhibit the proliferation, cloning, and invasion of HCC cells, and promote cell apoptosis. Immunoblotting results showed that the expression of GSDME was significantly upregulated in HepG2 or He-pal-6 hepatocellular carcinoma after TRI treatment, while the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and PARP also significantly increased. Knocking out GSDME could partially reverse TRI-induced cell apoptosis. At the same time, cells knocked down by GSDME had stronger cloning and migration abilities, and the apoptosis rate was reduced compared to the TRI treatment group alone. In vivo experiments showed that TRI inhibited HCC tumor growth, and the TRI + siGSDME group had a faster tumor growth rate than the TRI treatment group alone did. In addition, after TRI stimulation, p-eIF2a and ATF4 in HepG2 and Hepal-6 cells significantly increased. The immunofluorescence results showed a dose-dependent increase in the number of ATF4 positive cells in HepG2 and Hepal-6 cells after TRI stimulation. Conclusion The inhibitory effect of TRI on the growth and invasion of liver cancer cells may be related to its regulation of the ATF4/caspase-3/GSDME signaling pathway and promotion of liver cancer cell apoptosis.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 208-212, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013584

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent cell death caused by phospholipid peroxidation damage of polyunsaturated fatty acids on cell membranes and involves several pathways, including the iron homeostasis regulatory pathway, the cystine glutamate reverse transporter (system Xc) pathway and the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) pathway. Ferroptosis is involved in the development of several diseases (e. g. myocardial infarction, stroke, cancer and degenerative diseases). The ubiquitination is an important post-translational modification of various protein molecules in the organism. Studies have shown that regulating the ubiquitination of ferroptosis pathway-related molecules can control cellular ferroptosis. Targeting the ubiquitination of ferroptosis pathway-related molecules can effectively promote or inhibit ferroptosis, which is expected to be a new strategy for the treatment of cancer or cardiovascular diseases. In this paper we review the progress of the ferroptosis pathways and the ubiquitination modification of ferroptosis-related molecules.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 63-69, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012559

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIn China, the structure shift from just one-child family to both one-child and more-than-one-child families is happening. Exploring how the sibling relationships effect between adolescent personality impulsivity and aggressivity is of great significance for promoting adolescent mental health as well as maintaining social harmony and stability. ObjectiveTo investigate the effecting path of sibling relationships between personality impulsivity and aggressivity in adolescents, so as to provide references for the prevention of violent and aggressive behavior in adolescents. MethodsFrom February to April, 2023, a total of 1 200 students with sibling relationships from 12 primary and secondary schools in a county of Sichuan province were included by random sampling. Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11), Chinese Version of Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ-CV), and Sibling Relationship Questionnaire (SRQ) were used for cross-sectional investigation. Pearson Correlation Analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the scores of these scales. Bootstrap method was used to test the effecting path of sibling relationships between personality impulsivity and aggressivity. ResultsThe total score of BIS-11 was positively correlated with that of AQ-CV as well as the scores of conflict and competition dimensions in SRQ (r=0.485、0.276、0.280,P<0.01), while negatively correlated with the score of warmth/intimacy dimension in SRQ (r=-0.383, P<0.01). The total score of AQ-CV was positively correlated with the scores of conflict and competition dimensions in SRQ (r=0.387, 0.340, P<0.01), while negatively correlated with the score of warmth/intimacy dimension in SRQ (r=-0.304, P<0.01). Within SRQ, negative correlations could be observed between the score of warmth/intimacy and scores of conflict and competition (r=-0.307, -0.375, P<0.01), whereas positive correlation could be observed between the score of conflict and that of competition (r=0.267, P<0.01). The total effect of personality impulsivity level on aggressivity level in adolescent was 0.480 (P<0.01). Sibling relationships played a mediating role between personality impulsivity and aggressivity in adolescents. Meanwhile, the indirect effect values of warmth/intimacy, conflict and competition were 0.054, 0.075 and 0.062, with the effect values accounting for 11.21%, 15.70% and 12.93%, respectively. ConclusionThe personality impulsivity of adolescents can directly affect their aggressivity, and sibling relationships may act as an important channel connecting personality impulsivity and aggressivity. [Funded by 2023 Project of the Psychology and Behavioral Science Research Center of the Deyang Federation of Social Sciences (number, XLYXW2023305)]

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998512

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the impact of low whole grain intake on the burden and trend of colorectal cancer in China, and to explore health management strategies for high-risk populations. Methods Using the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD 2019) data, the Joinpoint regression model was used to analyze the mortality rate and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) of colorectal cancer in China caused by low whole grain intake from 1990 to 2019. Results The number of colorectal cancer deaths, mortality and DALYs of residents over 70 years old caused by low whole grain intake in China increased from 4 615, 12.06/105 and 187.66/100 000 in 1990 to 21 094 , 19.54/100 000 and 291.02/100 000 in 2019. The trend analysis found that the total crude mortality rate of colorectal cancer in Chinese residents over 70 years old caused by low whole grain intake increased by 2.03% year by year, with men increasing by 2.61% year by year, and women increasing by 1.24% year by year (all P<0.001). From 1990 to 2019, the disease burden of colorectal cancer in China was higher than that of countries with middle, low-middle, and low SDI, but lower than the global average, and high and middle-high SDI countries or regions. The growth rate in China was higher than the above regions (China 1.86% vs. global -0.25%, high SDI -0.88%, middle-high SDI -0.09%, middle SDI 1.53%, low-middle SDI 1.12%, and low SDI 0.63%). Conclusion Based on the current situation and trend of colorectal cancer disease burden of residents over 70 years of age in the world and China, precise health management of unhealthy lifestyles of high-risk populations will help to achieve the goals of healthy aging and healthy China 2030.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998231

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the current landscape and hotspots on researches about treatment of prolonged disorder of consciousness (pDOC) in the recent five years, and forecast the trends. MethodsLiterature about treatment of pDOC was retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database, from January 1st, 2019, to June 7th, 2023. The data were analyzed with CiteSpace 5.8.R3 to create knowledge maps for authors, countries, institutions, keywords, references, co-cited authors and co-cited literature. ResultsA total of 411 articles were included. Aurore Thibaut was the most influential author, Belgium was the most influential country, and Harvard Medical School was the institution with the most publications. The researches focused on neuromodulation, prognostic assessment and care, and management of swallowing function. The neuromodulation techniques mainly included transcranial direct current stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain stimulation and transcutaneous auricular vague nerve stimulation. In the coming years, the researches trended to explore neuromodulation and mechanisms of consciousness recovery, and the main neuromodulation techniques might be deep brain stimulation and transcutaneous auricular vague nerve stimulation. ConclusionThe researches about treatment of pDOC are increasing, mainly focusing on neuromodulation, prognostic evaluation, nursing care, and training for swallowing function. More researches would focus on neuromodulation and mechanisms for restoring consciousness.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 884-891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997823

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the standardized management mode of the Ethics Committee for organ donation after citizen’s death in hospitals. Methods The situations of ethical review before and after the standardized adjustment of the Ethics Committee of human organ donation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline data of donors before and after standardized adjustment of the Ethics Committee of human organ donation were compared. The influence of standardized adjustment of the Ethics Committee on the attendance rate of committee members and duration of ethical review were analyzed. Results No significant differences were observed in donors' ethical review data, such as gender, age and death determination, before and after standardized adjustment of Ethics Committee structure (all P>0.05). Significant difference was noted regarding the cause of death in ethical review (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the impact of Ethics Committee standardization adjustment and cause of death on the attendance rate of committee members (both P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that gender, cause of death and standardized adjustment of the Ethics Committee were the influencing factors of the attendance rate of committee members, and the attendance rate of committee members after standardized adjustment was higher than that before adjustment (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in the effects of Ethics Committee standardized adjustment, attendance rate of committee members and cause of death on the duration of ethical review (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that standardized adjustment of the ethics committee was the influencing factor of the duration of ethical review, and the duration of ethics review after standardized adjustment was shorter than that before adjustment (P<0.05). Conclusions Appropriate arrangement of the total number of ethics committee members and standardizing the review process may improve the efficiency of ethical review. Scientific evaluation mechanism for ethical committee members should be established by dynamically adjusting the ethical committee members, clarifying the responsibilities and tasks of members and secretaries, aiming to further improve standardized management level of ethical review for organ donation after citizen’s death.

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 356-360, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981950

ABSTRACT

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) measures have not been systematically applied in transurethral surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study was performed on patients with BPH who required surgical intervention. From July 2019 to June 2020, the ERAS program was applied to 248 patients, and the conventional program was applied to 238 patients. After 1 year of follow-up, the differences between the ERAS group and the conventional group were evaluated. The ERAS group had a shorter time of urinary catheterization compared with the conventional group (mean ± standard deviation [s.d.]: 1.0 ± 0.4 days vs 2.7 ± 0.8 days, P < 0.01), and the pain (mean ± s.d.) was significantly reduced through postoperative hospitalization days (PODs) 0-2 (POD 0: 1.7 ± 0.8 vs 2.4 ± 1.0, P < 0.01; POD 1: 1.6 ± 0.9 vs 3.5 ± 1.3, P < 0.01; POD 2: 1.2 ± 0.7 vs 3.0 ± 1.3, P < 0.01). No statistically significant difference was found in the rate of postoperative complications, such as postoperative bleeding (P = 0.79), urinary retention (P = 0.40), fever (P = 0.55), and readmission (P = 0.71). The hospitalization cost of the ERAS group was similar to that of the conventional group (mean ± s.d.: 16 927.8 ± 5808.1 Chinese Yuan [CNY] vs 17 044.1 ± 5830.7 CNY, P =0.85). The International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL) scores in the two groups were also similar when compared at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after discharge. The ERAS program we conducted was safe, repeatable, and efficient. In conclusion, patients undergoing the ERAS program experienced less postoperative stress than those undergoing the conventional program.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Quality of Life , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of thyroid nodules in children aged 8-10 years in Suzhou , and to provide a scientific basis for the rational prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Methods PPS sampling method was used in this study. Questionnaire survey, physical examination and thyroid B-ultrasound examination were conducted on students aged 8-10 years. Salt samples and urine samples were collected for laboratory detection of the salt iodine and urinary iodine. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors related to thyroid nodules. Results A total of 2 048 children aged 8-10 years were included in the present survey, and the prevalence of thyroid nodules was 23.34% (478/2 048). The prevalence of nodules in boys was 20.98% (218/1 039), and the prevalence of nodules in girls was 25.77% (260/1 009). Multivariate analysis showed that gender (OR=1.338, P=0.006), height (OR=1.993, P=0.001), frequency of iodine-rich food intake (OR=0.862, P=0.048) and nutritional supplements (OR=1.469, P=0.008) were correlated with the prevalence of thyroid nodules. Conclusion The prevalence rate of thyroid nodules in children aged 8-10 years old in Suzhou is 23.34%. Female gender, higher height, regular intake of iodine-rich foods and dietary supplements are statistically associated with the prevalence of thyroid nodules, which may be risk factors for the prevalence of thyroid nodules , but further research is needed to confirm.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the regulatory effect of berberine on autophagy and apoptosis balance of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#The inhibitory effect of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 μmol/L berberine on RA-FLS proliferation was assessed using CCK-8 method. Annexin V/PI and JC-1 immunofluorescence staining was used to analyze the effect of berberine (30 μmol/L) on apoptosis of 25 ng/mL TNF-α- induced RA-FLSs, and Western blotting was performed to detect the changes in the expression levels of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins. The cells were further treated with the autophagy inducer RAPA and the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine to observe the changes in autophagic flow by laser confocal detection of mCherry-EGFP-LC3B. RA-FLSs were treated with the reactive oxygen species (ROS) mimic H2O2 or the ROS inhibitor NAC, and the effects of berberine on ROS, mTOR and p-mTOR levels were observed.@*RESULTS@#The results of CCK-8 assay showed that berberine significantly inhibited the proliferation of RA-FLSs in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry and JC-1 staining showed that berberine (30 μmol/L) significantly increased apoptosis rate (P < 0.01) and reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential of RA-FLSs (P < 0.05). Berberine treatment obviously decreased the ratios of Bcl-2/Bax (P < 0.05) and LC3B-II/I (P < 0.01) and increased the expression of p62 protein in the cells (P < 0.05). Detection of mCherry-EGFP-LC3B autophagy flow revealed obvious autophagy flow block in berberine-treated RA-FLSs. Berberine significantly reduced the level of ROS in TNF-α-induced RA-FLSs and upregulated the expression level of autophagy-related protein p-mTOR (P < 0.01); this effect was regulated by ROS level, and the combined use of RAPA significantly reduced the pro-apoptotic effect of berberine in RA-FLSs (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Berberine can inhibit autophagy and promote apoptosis of RA-FLSs by regulating the ROS-mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Synoviocytes , Berberine/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Sincalide/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Fibroblasts , Autophagy , Cells, Cultured
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the expected population impact of benefit and risk of aspirin treatment strategies for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases recommended by different guidelines in the Chinese Electronic Health Records Research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) study.@*METHODS@#A decision-analytic Markov model was used to simulate and compare different strategies of aspirin treatment, including: Strategy ①: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-69 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk, recommended by the 2020 Chinese Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases; Strategy ②: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-59 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk, recommended by the 2022 United States Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease; Strategy ③: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-69 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk and blood pressure well-controlled (< 150/90 mmHg), recommended by the 2019 Guideline on the Assessment and Management of Cardio-vascular Risk in China. The high 10-year cardiovascular risk was defined as the 10-year predicted risk over 10% based on the 2019 World Health Organization non-laboratory model. The Markov model simulated different strategies for ten years (cycles) with parameters mainly from the CHERRY study or published literature. Quality-adjusted life year (QALY) and the number needed to treat (NNT) for each ischemic event (including myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke) were calculated to assess the effectiveness of the different strategies. The number needed to harm (NNH) for each bleeding event (including hemorrhagic stroke and gastrointestinal bleeding) was calculated to assess the safety. The NNT for each net benefit (i.e., the difference of the number of ischemic events could be prevented and the number of bleeding events would be added) was also calculated. One-way sensitivity analysis on the uncertainty of the incidence rate of cardiovascular diseases and probabilistic sensitivity analysis on the uncertainty of hazard ratios of interventions were conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 212 153 Chinese adults, were included in this study. The number of people who were recommended for aspirin treatment Strategies ①-③ was 34 235, 2 813, and 25 111, respectively. The Strategy ③ could gain the most QALY of 403 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 222-511] years. Compared with Strategy ①, Strategy ③ had similar efficiency but better safety, with the extra NNT of 4 (95%UI: 3-4) and NNH of 39 (95%UI: 19-132). The NNT per net benefit was 131 (95%UI: 102-239) for Strategy ①, 256 (95%UI: 181-737) for Strategy ②, and 132 (95%UI: 104-232) for Strategy ③, making Strategy ③ the most favorable option with a better QALY and safety, along with similar efficiency in terms of net benefit. The results were consistent in the sensitivity analyses.@*CONCLUSION@#The aspirin treatment strategies recommended by the updated guidelines on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases showed a net benefit for high-risk Chinese adults from developed areas. However, to balance effectiveness and safety, aspirin is suggested to be used for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases with consideration for blood pressure control, resulting in better intervention efficiency.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Primary Prevention/methods
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect and safety of Reyanning Mixture (RYN) in treating asymptomatic or mild severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#This is a prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Patients aged 1-17 years and diagnosed with asymptomatic or mild coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) were assigned to an intervention group (RYN plus standard care) and a control group (standard care) according to a randomization list. The primary outcomes were SARS-CoV-2 negative conversion time. Secondary outcomes included negative conversion rate on days 3 and 7, hospital length of stay, symptom relief rate, new-onset symptoms of asymptomatic infected patients, and progressive disease rate. The cycle threshold (Ct) values of ORF1ab or N genes were also tested.@*RESULTS@#A total of 214 patients in the intervention group and 217 in the control group were analyzed. The SARS-CoV-2 negative conversion time was significantly shortened in the intervention group [5 days (interquartile range (IQR): 5-6) vs. 7 days (IQR: 6-7), P<0.01]. By days 3 and 7, the negative conversion rates were significantly higher in the intervention group (day 3: 32.7% vs. 21.2%, P=0.007; day 7: 75.2% vs. 60.8%, P=0.001). Ct values significantly increase on day 2 [ORF1ab gene: 35.62 (IQR: 29.17-45.00) vs. 34.22 (IQR: 28.41-39.41), P=0.03; N gene: 34.97 (IQR: 28.50-45.00) vs. 33.51 (IQR: 27.70-38.25), P=0.024] and day 3 [ORF1ab gene: 38.00 (IQR: 32.72-45.00) vs. 35.81 (IQR: 29.96-45.00), P=0.003; N gene: 37.16 (IQR: 32.01-45.00) vs. 35.26 (IQR: 29.09-45.00), P=0.01]. No significant difference was found in hospital length of stay between the two groups (P>0.05). Symptoms of cough were significantly improved (82.2% vs. 70.0%, P=0.02) and wheezing was significantly reduced (0.7% vs. 12.9%, P<0.01) in the intervention group compared with the control group. During the trial, no disease progression or serious adverse events were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#Adding RYN to standard care may be a safe and effective treatment for children with asymptomatic and mild SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Registration No. ChiCTR2200060292).

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish selection criteria of community mentors for postgraduates in general medicine.Methods:A subject index system of selection criteria of community tutors for general practice postgraduates was drafted and refined based on literature retrieving and in-depth interviews during January to December 2020. Twenty experts in general practice related fields were invited for two rounds of Delphi consultation. Analytic hierarchy process was used to calculate index weight coefficient and consistency test; and the developed selection criteria were evaluated.Results:Through the in-depth interviews with 11 general practice faculty and 11 general practice postgraduates, the following five first-level thematic frameworks were refined: (1) the professional qualities; (2) the basic qualities; (3) the clinical ability; (4) the teaching ability; (5) the scientific research ability. After two rounds of Delphi expert consultation, the selection criteria of community tutors for postgraduates in general practice were finally constructed, including 5 first-level indicators (professional quality, basic quality, medical practice ability, teaching and guidance ability, academic research ability) and 28 second-level indicators. The positive coefficients of experts were 85% and 100%; the expert authority coefficients were 0.825 and 0.860; and the expert opinion coordination coefficients were 0.486 and 0.515, respectively (all P<0.05). the weight coefficients of the five first-level indicators were 0.345, 0.210, 0.138, 0.210 and 0.097, respectively. Conclusion:The criteria and index system on the selection of community mentors for general practice postgraduates has been successfully developed in the study.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of three-vessel disease (TVD) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).Methods:The clinical data of 447 patients with SCAD diagnosed in Zhongshan Hospital from May 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 cases with the single-vessel disease (SVD), 136 cases with the two-vessel disease, and 203 cases with three-vessel disease. The general data and hematological indexes were compared between patients with SVD and those with TVD; the related factors for TVD in SCAD patients were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results:There were 244 males (78.5%) and 67 females (21.5%) with a median age of 57 years (64, 69). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in diabetes history ( χ2=7.75, P=0.005), uric acid ( Z=-2.10, P=0.036), glycosylated hemoglobin ( Z=-2.77, P=0.006) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( Z=-2.99, P=0.003) levels between SVD and TVD groups. Multivariate analysis showed that the high level of blood uric acid ( OR=1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.01, P<0.05) and the low level of HDL-C ( OR=3.29, 95% CI:1.23-8.85, P<0.05) were related risk factors of TVD. Conclusion:High blood uric acid level and low HDL-C level are related factors for TVD in patients with SCAD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994632

ABSTRACT

In early stage after liver transplantation(LT), coagulation function of recipients stays in a fragile balance. Affected by a variety of complex mechanisms, blood is usually hypercoagulable. An imbalance between coagulation factors and physiological anticoagulants, elevated level of vWF, an occurrence of fibrinolysis inhibition and dosing of immunosuppressive agents cause a hypercoagulable state in an early stage after LT. Blood hypercoagulability may lead to such thrombotic complications as hepatic artery, portal vein and deep vein thromboses. Some studies have demonstrated that postoperative prophylactic anticoagulation has some effect in reducing the risks of early postoperative thrombosis. However, there is still a great lack of high-quality evidence. This review summarized the latest researches on early coagulation dysfunction, thrombosis and preventive anticoagulation after LT.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994345

ABSTRACT

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia(CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused by deficiency of specific enzymes in the adrenocortical hormone synthesis pathway, resulting in impaired corticosteroid synthesis. 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most common type of CAH, and the disorder can lead to impaired fertility in patients. Most current studies have focused on fertility problems in female CAH patients. The most common causes of impaired fertility in men with 21-OHD include testicular adrenal rest tumors(TART), low gonadotropin secretion, and inappropriate glucocorticoid therapy. This article reviews the causes of impaired fertility and its treatment in male patients with 21-OHD, with the aim of providing guidance for improving the fertility of male patients with 21-OHD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation for prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis of hepatitis B.Methods:A total of 172 patients with decompensated cirrhosis of hepatitis B admitted in Jinhua Hospital affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to December 2021 were randomly divided into two groups with 86 cases in each group. Patients in both groups received conventional antiviral and symptomatic treatment; while patients in the intervention group received additinal oral vitamin D drops (800 IU/d) for 6 months. After 6 months of treatment, the incidence of SBP and the serum biochemical indexes were compared between two groups. SPSS 21.0 statistical software was used for data analysis.Results:After 6 months of treatment, the incidence of SBP in the intervention group(5.81%, 5/86) was significantly lower than that in control group(30.23%, 26/86)( χ2=19.210, P<0.01). The serum 25-(OH)D level in intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t=13.425, P=0.018), while the levels of CRP, PCT and IL-6 in intervention group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=17.312, 10.353 and 12.218, P<0.01 or <0.05). Conclusion:Vitamin D adjuvant therapy can increase serum 25-(OH)D level, decrease serum CRP, PCT and IL-6 levels, and effectively reduce the incidence of SBP in patients with decompensated cirrhosis of hepatitis B.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 61-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between serum leptin and the risk of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:The clinical data of 127 COPD patients admitted to the Ninth People′s Hospital of Suzhou from November 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether acute exacerbation occurred in COPD patients, they were divided into acute exacerbation group (35 cases) and stable group (92 cases). General data of all patients were collected, including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), education level, disease course, smoking history, hypertension, diabetes, pneumonia, asthma and treatment methods. The forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity (FEV 1/FVC), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO 2), arterial blood pH and laboratory indicators [serum leptin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels] were detected. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of serum leptin, TNF-α and CRP in predicting acute exacerbation in COPD patients, and non-conditional logistic stepwise regression was used to analyze the risk factors of acute exacerbation in COPD patients. Results:Compared with the stable group, the proportion of patients with BMI<18.5 kg/m 2, complicated with pneumonia and asthma was higher, and the levels of serum leptin, TNF-α and CRP were also higher in acute exacerbation group (all P<0.05); ROC analysis showed that leptin≥3.683 ng/ml, TNF-α≥95.746 pg/ml and CRP≥22.405 mg/L were the best cut-off values of acute exacerbation in COPD patients(all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that BMI<18.5 kg/m 2, combined pneumonia, combined asthma, leptin≥3.683 ng/ml, TNF-α≥95.746 pg/ml, CRP≥22.405 mg/L were the risk factors for acute exacerbation of COPD patients(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum leptin level is elevated in COPD patients, and elevated serum leptin can lead to increased risk of acute exacerbation of COPD. In addition, low BMI, combined pneumonia or asthma, abnormally elevated TNF-α and CRP may be risk factors for acute exacerbation of COPD patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mediating roles of the fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior among high school students.Methods:In April 2022, a cross-sectional design survey was conducted on 14 666 high school students. All participants were evaluated by the basic psychological needs scales(BPNS), generic scale of phubbing(GSP), trait-state fear of missing out scale(T-S FOMOS) and mobile phone addiction index(MPAI). The SPSS 26.0 software was used to conduct common method deviation test, descriptive statistics, and correlation analysis.PROCESS 4.1 was used to construct the model, and the Bootstrap method was used to test for mediating effects.Results:(1)Among the 14 036 high school students, there were 1 752 (12.48%) students who were addicted to mobile phones.There were significant differences in gender in the scores including BPNS(boy: 4.43±0.79, girl: 4.36±0.79), GSP(boy: 2.72±1.01, girl: 2.76±1.03) and T-S FOMOS(boy: 1.73±0.60, girl: 1.84±0.64), ( t=5.22, -10.58, -2.78, all P<0.01). Among different grades, there were significant differences in the scores of BPNS, T-S FOMOS, MPAI, and GSP( F=25.43, 39.50, 53.45, 14.59, all P<0.01). (2)Basic psychological needs score were positively correlated with fear of missing out, mobile phone addiction and phubbing( r=-0.432--0.294, all P<0.01). Phubbing were negatively correlated with fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction( r=0.744, 0.538, both P<0.01). Fear of missing out were negatively correlated with mobile phone( r=0.646, P<0.01). (3)The basic psychological needs satisfaction had a direct effect on phubbing behavior, and the effect value was -0.188 (95% CI: -0.173--0.204). The mediating effect of fear of missing out between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior was -0.035(95% CI: -0.028--0.042). The mediating effect of mobile phone between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior was -0.203(95% CI: -0.191--0.214). Fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction played a chain mediating role between them, and the mediating effect value was -0.134(95% CI: -0.125--0.143), which accounted for 23.93%(-0.134/-0.560) of the total effect. Conclusion:The high level basic psychological needs satisfaction can alleviate the occurrence of phubbing behavior. It may be achieved by decreasing fear of missing out and reducing mobile phone addiction.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To figure out the timing of zeroing and the location of the zero line in the central venous pressure (CVP) monitoring and invasive arterial blood pressure (IBP) monitoring, and to provide scientific and accurate data for patients management.Methods:The liquid vessel models were used to simulate the pressure measurement process of the continuous pressure monitoring system. Based on the theory of fluid mechanics and the knowledge of blood pressure physiology and cardiovascular anatomy, the composition and influencing factors of the pressure in the fluid-filled catheter system during the zeroing and placing the transducer in the zero line of CVP and IBP, were analyzed.Results:The pressure in the liquid-filled catheter system was composed of atmospheric pressure, the pressure of pumping bag, the gravity of the water column (the vertical distance between the liquid level of Murphy's dropper and pressure transducer, ΔH), and the resistance of tube wall. This pressure value is set as a pressure of 0 mmHg (1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa). In the process of pressure measurement, when the pressure transducer was placed at a horizontal position of 10 cm below the highest liquid level of the vessel, the pressure measured at different catheter tip positions was all 10 cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O ≈ 0.098 kPa); When the pressure transducer was placed at the horizontal position of the highest liquid level of the vessel, the measured pressure is 0 mmHg. Conclusion:Zeroing should repeatedly be performed only when one or more conditions (atmospheric pressure, pressure of pumping bag, gravity of ΔH water column and resistance of tube wall) are changed. In the measurement process, the pressure transducer should be placed at the zero line position at any time to eliminate the influence of hydrostatic pressure and to ensure the objective and accurate value.

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