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The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1619-1622, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493589


Objective To explore the effect of damage control surgery (DCS) in the treatment of severe electric burn. Methods Retrospective analysis on clinical data of 45 patients with severe electric burn was con-ducted. According to implementing DCS or not , patients were separated into DCS group and control group. In DCS group, tangential excision and transplanted xenogenic acellular dermal matrix was conducted for severe electric burn cases with deep Ⅱ degree wound, and escharectomy and VSD dressing for Ⅲ~Ⅳ degree electric contact burn wound at the first stage then skin-grafting or skin flap-grafting on the secong stage was applied. For control group , debridement, tangential excision or escharectomy and skin-grafting or skin flap-grafting to close the wound were conducted. We compared the difference in terms of operation time, length of stay, disability rate, mortality and complications between 2 groups. Results The operation time, incidince of disability and complications in DCS Group obviously decreased but there was no difference in length of stay and mortality in both groups. Conclusion DCS is effective for reducing complications and optimizing therapeutic effect for severe electric burn patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490233


Objective To provide the scientific guidance for the prevention of lead poisoning in the children ,the lead concentra‐tions in the blood of children in Xiamen are investigated .Methods 11 271 cases of outpatients with the age of 0 -10 years old in maternity and child care hospital were surveyed randomly .The lead concentrations in the blood of these children were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer .Results From 2010 to 2013 ,the whole blood lead levels of 11 271 children was detected .The mean blood lead levels was 51 .0 μg/L .The boy lead poisoning rate was higher than girls in different age groups ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) .Both the above indices increased gradually with the increase of age in the range of 1-6 years old ,and the mean blood lead levels reached its peak in preschool age ,the mean blood lead did not increased in school‐age children ,and the lead poisoning rate showed the downward trend .Conclusion The lead poisoning rate of children in Xiamen is close to the average level of other cities ,however ,the blood lead level tends to increase with the increase of age .The effect of lead pollu‐tion on physical health of children shall be paid more attention to nowadays .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414511


Objective To evaluate the efficacy in treatment with transurethral electrocision for prostatic cyst.Methods A total clinical documents of 15 cases prostatic cyst treated with transurethral electrocision were analyzed retrospectively.All the cases were diagnosed confirmly by ultrasonography and CT,all the cysts closed to the prostatic urethra or intrude urinary bladder and all the patients underwent transurethral electrocision.Results All operations were performed successfully with operative time of 18-60 (36 ± 13) min.No blood transfusion during and after the operation and postoperative hospital stay was (5.2 ± 2.6) d.All the patients had been followed up for 6-24 months,the clinic symptom disappeared and no complications happened.Three months after the operation,IPSS decreased from (27.2 ±5.6) scores to (7.5 ± 1.6) scores and QOL decreased from (4.5 ± 1.1 ) scores to ( 1.6 ± 0.6) scores (P< 0.01 ),respectively.Qmax increased from (6.8 ±2.3) ml/s to (22.4 ±4.8) ml/s (P <0.01).Conclusion Transurethral electrocision is an effective therapeutic measure of prostatic cyst close to the prostatic urethra or intrude urinary bladder without so many complications.