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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511044

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of adult patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) receiving haploidentical donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HID HSCT).Method We retrospectively reviewed 20 adult patients with HLH from August 2009 to August 2014.The clinical features and outcome were analyzed.Results Conditioning regimens consisted of total body irradiation/etoposide/cyclophosphamide (TBI/VP-16/CTX) and busulfan (Bu)/VP-16/CTX in HLH with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) 8 mg/kg.The stem cells were mobilized from donors' peripheral blood.Median time to white blood cell engraftment was 13 (9-27) days.Median time to platelet engraftment was 14 (10-28) days.Mixed chimerism after transplantation developed in 4 patients and no patient presented graft failure.Eight patients developed grade Ⅱ to Ⅲ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD),while as chronic GVHD occurred in 9 patients.Among 12 patients with EB virus (EBV) reactivation,2 patients developed post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD),7 were suspected as PTLD and 3 were considered as relapse of primary disease.With a median follow-up of 20 months (range:0.5-108 months) after transplantation,the estimated 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was (60.0 ± 11.0) % in all patients.During the follow-up,12 patients survived,8 died including 5 within 100 days after HSCT.Among 5 non-remission patients before HSCT,4 patients died within 100 days after HCT.Conclusions HID HSCT is an effective treatment for adult patients with HLH to achieve remission and long-term survival.High proportion of mixed chimerism has been seen at early stage after transplantation.EBV reactivation and early transplant-related mortality are common.

2.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1119-1125, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618515

ABSTRACT

AIM To research the antiasthmatic effects of Zuogui Pills,Yougui Pills and Yupingfeng Powder and their mechanism of action.METHODS Male Brown Norway rats were randomly divided into five groups.OVA was used to induce the model of chronic asthma.Five groups of asthmatic rats were given Zuogui Pills,Yougui Pills,Yupingfeng Powder by gavage once daily for 14 d,respectively.The normal and the model group were given normal saline.Penh value,serum Thl,Th2 inflammatory cytokines,and CROT and ACTH protein levels were determined.Pathological changes of airway remodeling were measured.RT-PCR method was used to measure the expression of CRH mRNA in hypothalamus,and TGF-β1 and Smad3 mRNA in lung tissues.RESULTS Penh values of Yupingfeng Powder group and Yougui Pills group were significantly lower than that of Zuogui Pills group.The Thl inflammatory cytokine of Yupingfeng Powder group was significantly higher than that of Zuogui Pills group,while the Th2 cytokine was significantly lower than that of Zuogui Pills group.In Yougui Pills group,only IL-5 was significantly lower than that of Zuogui Pills group.Serum CROT,ACTH protein and CRH mRNA of Yupingfeng Powder group were significantly higher than those in Zuogui Pills group.No significant difference was found between Yupingfeng Powder group and Zuogui Pills group with regard to TGF-β1 and Smad3 mRNA.Smad3 mRNA of Yougui Pills group was significantly higher than that of the model group.Airway remodeling was significantly reduced by Yupingfeng Powder and Zuogui Pills.The number of goblet cells in Yougui Pills group was significantly lower than that in Zuogui Pills group.CONCLUSION All the three formulaes possess significant antiasthma effects.Regulation effects of Yupingfeng Powder on Thl/Th2 balance,HPA and TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway are strong.Compared with Zuogui Pills,Yougui Pills possesses weaker TGF-β1/Smad3 regulative effects and stronger HPA regulative effects.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 379-382, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466603

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic outcomes of chemotherapy with infusion related HLA-mismatched hematopoietic stem cells for hematologic malignancies.Methods Therapy responses and hematopoietic recovery as well as complications of 9 patients were analyzed.Results In the 9 patients aged 29-67 years,four were acute myeloid leukemia,one was acute B lymphocytic leukemia,two were multiple myeloma,one was Hodgkin' s disease,one was diffuse large B cell lymphoma.The average of MNC was (3.12±1.29)×108/kg,CD34+ cells was (1.71±1.00) ×106/kg,and CD3+ cells was (2.13 ±0.99) ×108/kg.There was complete remission in four patients,partial remission in one,disease progression in four.Following up 2 to 14 months,four patients were in survival.No donor chimerism was detected and no graft-versus-host disease was observed in any patient.Conclusion Chemotherapy with infusion related HLA-mismatched hematopoietic stem cells for hematologic malignancies may provide a promising treatment method as a novel therapeutic strategy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 301-304, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389716

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of neurosyphilis. Methods Clinical data on and laboratory findings in 18 cases with neurosyphilis collected in the Affiliated Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University from 2006 to 2008 were retrospectively studied.Results Among the 18 patients, 3 sufferred from asymptomatic neurosyphilis, 1 from meningeal syphilis, 7 from meningovascular syphilis, 5 from paralytic dementia, and 2 from intracranial space-occupation. Toluidine red unheated serum reagin test (TRUST) and Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test (TPPA) of sera were positive in all the patients; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) TRUST was positive in 16 patients, and CSF TPPA in all patients. An increase was observed in CSF leukocyte count in 7 patients and in CSF protein in 13 patients.The findings on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mainly included demyelination, brain atrophy,cerebral infarction, etc. All the patients, except 2 with a TRUST titer of 1:4, experienced a 4-fold decrease in TRUST titer within a 3-month follow up. Clinical symptoms of neurosyphilis improved in all patients except 1 with paralytic dementia. Conclusions The diversity of clinical manifestations usually leads to the misdiagnosis of neurosyphilis, which should be diagnosed based on comprehensive analysis of clinical characteristics as well as laboratory and imaging findings. Early diagnosis and treatment are beneficial to its prognosis.

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