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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 479-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827775

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in the world, among which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of the total lung cancer. With the widespread of computed tomography (CT) and other imaging screening methods, the pathological types of lung cancer have changed from central squamous cell carcinoma to the early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, which is manifested as isolated pulmonary nodules and ground glass nodules on CT. Early diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer is of crucial clinical significance, and the continuous development and improvement of minimally invasive interventional techniques provide more options for lung cancer treatment, such as stereotactic radiation, percutaneous ablation, and bronchial intervention. This paper will make a review on the principle, advantages, disadvantages and prospects of minimally invasive interventional therapy commonly used in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829219

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and efficiency of robotic lung segmentectomy. Methods    The clinical data of 110 patients receiving robotic or thoracoscopic segmentectomy in our hospital between June 2015 and June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a robotic group [n=50, 13 males and 37 females aged 53.0 (46.0, 60.0) years] and a thoracoscopic group [n=60, 21 males and 39 females aged 61.0 (53.0, 67.0) years]. A propensity score-matched analysis was adopted to compare the perioperative data between the two groups. Results    After the propensity score-matched analysis, 34 patients were included in each group. In comparison with the thoracoscopic group, patients in the robotic group had less blood loss [40.0 (20.0, 50.0) mL vs. 60.0 (40.0, 80.0) mL, P<0.001], more stations of lymph node dissection [7.0 (6.0, 8.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 6.0), P<0.001], larger number of lymph node dissection [15.0 (11.0, 21.0) vs. 10.0 (6.0, 14.0), P=0.002], and a higher total cost of hospitalization [97.0 (92.0, 103.0) thousand yuan vs. 54.0 (42.0, 59.0) thousand yuan, P<0.001]. Conclusion    In contrast with the thoracoscopic segmentectomy, robotic segmentectomy has a similar operative safety, but less blood loss and a thorough lymphadenectomy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 436-439, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826958

ABSTRACT

Bronchoscope is the core part of the interventional diagnosis and treatment technology for lung diseases, which has experienced more than 100 years of development history. It has gradually formed a diagnosis and treatment model of pulmonary diseases with cooperation of multi-clinical disciplines, deep integration of interventional minimally invasive techniques, and cross-integration of diversified diagnosis and treatment concepts. This article aimed to review the current status and development of interventional diagnosis and treatment techniques for lung diseases, and introduces the characteristics of the interventional treatment of our center.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 451-459, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Airway stent placement is the effective regimen for central airway obstruction (CAO), while its application scenarios varied. This study aimed to make clinical comparison of airway stent placement in the intervention room and operating room.@*METHODS@#Patients underwent airway stent placement between 2014 and 2018 were included in this retrospective case-control study. Clinical performance of airway stent placement in intervention room and operating room were compared.@*RESULTS@#82 patients were included in this study, including 39 in the intervention room and 43 in the operating room. Patients treated in the intervention room had lower Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) (P=0.018) and received less Y-shaped stents (P<0.001). Better clinical response (P=0.026), more stents placed (P<0.001) and longer length of stent (P<0.001) were observed in operating room, while there was no significantly statistical difference of stent-related complications and post-stent survival rate between the two groups. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supported airway stent placement procedures were performed in the operating room, which provided definitive safety support for high-risk intervention.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with CAO could benefit from the operating room scenario, and airway stent placement in the operating room is more suitable for patients with higher CCI scores and receiving more complicated procedures.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 492-495, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826950

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thoracoscopic safe and effective hemostasis is an important condition for rapid rehabilitation of thoracic surgery. Placing hemostatic materials during surgery is a commonly used method in lung cancer laparoscopic surgery. Among them, resorbable oxidized cellulose is a commonly used hemostatic material. This research aims to observe the hemostatic effect of resorbable oxidized cellulose in lung cancer surgery.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 42 patients with thoracoscopic lung cancer undergoing radical surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July 1, 2018 to December 1, 2018, and intraoperative use of regenerative oxidized cellulose to stop bleeding The clinical and pathological data were selected and the perioperative indicators were selected as the outcome events for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The mean operative time was (120.5±57.3) min. The mean intraoperative blood loss was (26.8±21.6) mL. The average postoperative drainage volume was (513.6±359.5) mL. The average postoperative chest tube indwelling time was (2.6±1.2) d.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of absorbable regenerated oxidized cellulose in the radical operation of thoracoscopic lung cancer has a good hemostasis effect, and is suitable for hemostasis of wounds after lymph node dissection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806620

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of MRI in the early diagnosis of diagnosis of dysbaric osteonecrosis.@*Methods@#Labor hygiene investigation and occupation health were examined on 52 high pressure operating personnel, were selected for the examination of both shoulders, hips and knees with X-ray and CT scan.@*Results@#The cystic sign in dysbaric osteonecrosis as an important imaging feature, which perform in the MRI examination for T1W I sequence showed low or slightly low signal and T2W I sequence showed high signal, and X-ray and CT have a lower detection rate than MRI. The Kappa consistency test showed a high consistency with the two methods. At the same time MRI examination also can discover the bone marrow cavity necrosis early pathological change.@*Conclusion@#MRI is an effective method for the diagnosis of early dysbaric osteonecrosis, which can improve the early diagnosis rate of dysbaric osteonecrosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509631

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of tiotropium and salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder for inhalation combined with noninvasive ventilator in the treatment of respiratory failure, and to provide reference for clinical treatment.Methods 72 patients with respiratory failure were randomly divided into treatment group (n=36) and control group (n=36).The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group.Patients in the control group were treated with conventional noninvasive ventilators and treatment group were treated with tiotropium and salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder for inhalation on the basis of control group.Then compare the exercise tolerance, arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure, heart rate, pH, respiratory rate, blood oxygen pressure between two groups.Results After the treatment, condition of the patients in the two groups have different degrees of improvement.The final results showed that the average hospital stay was significantly reduced, respiratory frequency was(28 ±5) times/min in treatment group, heart rate was(98 ±16) times per minute, PaO2 also increased to(72 ±3) mmHg, PaCO2 was(57 ±17) mmHg, pH value increased to (7.42 ±0.03), compared with the control group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion In patients with clinical implementation of tiotropium and seretide combined with non-invasive ventilator treatment of respiratory failure, can significantly improve the patient's condition, so that patients with respiratory function was significantly improved, so that the indicators of patients tend to normal.Its can effectively reduce PaCO2 , increased PaO2 and speed up its cure rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474842

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are both effective in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, but different in the distribution and dispersion of bone cement. <br> OBJECTIVE:To analyze the factors affecting the bone cement dispersion within the vertebral body in treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture with vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty. <br> METHODS:A total of 41 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were included, and divided into three groups:group A (22 cases receiving high viscosity bone cement vertebroplasty treatment), group B (5 cases receiving high viscosity bone cement kyphoplasty), group C (14 cases receiving low viscosity bone cement vertebroplasty treatment). The groups A and C were divided into subgroups according to bone cement injection volume, time from fracture to operation, preoperative degree of vertebral compression. The distribution and dispersion of bone cement in the vertebra were reconstructed by the CT three-dimensional imaging and volume rendering analysis. <br> RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In the three groups, after operation, relative dispersion area and relative dispersion volume in the vertebrae had no obvious difference, and the bone cement could al diffuse to upper and lower lamina cross the vertebral midline. There was no significant difference in bone cement diffusion coefficient among the three groups. In a certain range, the bone cement injection volume and bone cement dispersion volume was positively correlated. In groups A and C, bone cement diffusion coefficient decreased with the increasing of bone cement injection volume, time from fracture to operation, and the compression degree of the fractured vertebrae, but showed no significant correlation with bone cement viscosity.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 835-837, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429535

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the security and reliability of preoperative thoracoscopic pericardial exploratory and to evaluate of the surgical indications.Methods Video full-assisted thoracoscopic pericardioscopy has been implemented in 41 central type lung cancer cases before radical resection.Results Video assisted pericardioscopy group underwent thoracotomy lung resection with procession of intrapericardial pulmonary artery in 8 cases (partial pericardial resection in 2 cases),with pulmonary vein in 10 cases,and out-pericardial lung resection in 9 cases.Spiral CT projections were consistent with surgery was only 65.8 %.The average time of explorationa was (23±10) min.Conclusion Except for widely used in pulmonary wedge resection and lobectomy,video-assisted thoracoscopic pericardial exploration can improve resection rate and survival rate in central type lung cancer patients which can reduce the need for exploratory thoracotomy.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 84-86,90, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552508

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of MR 3D-FLASH dynamic enhanced scanning in the breast diseases. Methods 108 women (35~76 years old,mean,47 years) with breast diseases confirmed by pathology were examined by using Siemens 1.0T superconducting MRI and double breast circles.Plain MR imaging performed first,then contrast-enhanced MR scans were followed with 3D FLASH sequence,and the images were subtracted.Results Among 108 cases,62 cases were benign and 46 cases were breast cancer,the diagnosing accurate rate of MR imaging was 81.5% compared with pathology pre-operation.Conclusion 3D-FLASH enhanced MR scan is the most valuable sequence in diagnosing breast lesions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546746

ABSTRACT

Objective To appraise the value of MR imaging in detecting occult fracture and associated with other injuries of knee. Methods 68 cases with acute knee trauma were underwent radiography and MR imaging examination.Results All 68 cases had negative radiographic results. 83 occult fractures in 68 cases were found by MRI, and 75 occult fractures were located in the lower part of femur and upper part of tibia. Fracture patterns were line shape,arborization. By MR imaging, ligament injuries were showed in 32 cases, menisci injuries were demonstrated in 22 cases, and hydrarthrosis were manifested in 60 cases.Conclusion When knee joint injured patients with obvious clinical symptoms and negative radiographic results, the MRI is the best choice for further examination. It is sensitive in detecting occult fractures and associated with other injuries of knee joint.

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