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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of paralytic ileus (PI) after simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, clinical data were reviewed retrospectively for 115 cases of SPK transplantation. The risk factors of PI after SPK were analyzed. According to the occurrence of PI, they were divided into two groups of occurrence and non-occurrence. One-way analysis of variance was utilized for analyzing such influencing factors as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), diabetic type, duration of diabetes, mode of dialysis, duration of dialysis, diabetic gastroenterology, history of open surgery, bowel preparation, operative duration, hemorrhagic volume, immunosuppressant and hypoproteinemia. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed for screening the suspected risk factors.Results:Among them, 19 patients (16.5%) had PI. Univariate analysis showed that PI was associated with diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration, history of open surgery, no bowel preparation and hypoproteinemia ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of PI after SPK included diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration time, history of open surgery and no bowel preparation ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Diabetic gastroenterology, operative duration, history of open surgery and no bowel preparation are risk factors for PI after SPK. Clinical interventions for the above factors are necessary.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 788-789, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869754

ABSTRACT

To summarize the clinical experience regarding a patient with early recurrence of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) after renal transplantation. AHUS is a rare disease with high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. Although the patient was treated with plasma exchange, intravenous gamma globulin, rituximab block B lymphocyte, hormone shock and so on, he still suffered renal transplantation failure. The risk of aHUS recurrence after renal transplantation should be fully evaluated.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468877

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the complications,treatments and prognosis of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation,especially on surgical complications and treatments.Method The causes and outcomes of surgical treatment in 70 cases of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation performed between Dec.1999 and June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed in our center.Result Sixteen patients (22.9%) underwent one or more reoperations.The causes for reoperation were as follows:2 cases of hematuria,4 cases of abdominal hemorrhage,4 cases of abdominal infection,4cases of pancreatic thrombosis,2 cases of renal graft's artery rupture,1 case of renal allograft rupture,1 case of intestinal fistula,and 1 case of pancreatic fistula.Eight pancreas grafts were lost in the first year.Pancreatectomy was performed on the other 5 cases:4 cases of pancreatic thrombosis,1 case of intestinal fistula,accounting for 43.8% of the patients subject to reoperation.The recipients,kidney,pancreas survival rate in reoperation group at 1 year was 87.5%,75%,and 56.3% respectively; and that in control group at 1 year was 98.1%,98.1 %,and 98.1 % respectively.There was significant difference in kidney survival rate (P<0.01,chi-square =6.79),and pancreas survival rate (P<0.01,chi-square =17.47) between two groups.Conclusion Although simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation provides a successful and effective treatment for diabetics with end-stage renal disease,surgical treatment due to complications is still an important factor in short-term survival on the grafts.

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