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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 673-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of MR-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in treating localized prostate cancer.Methods:Six patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent MRgFUS treatment from August 2020 to September 2021 in Beijing Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study. The patients were all over 18 years old, with an average age of (68±10) years, and had not received any prior treatment for prostate cancer. Pretreatment pelvic MR and CT scans were performed to determine the region of treatment (ROT). Different urinary catheterization measures were given based on the location of the lesion. Under general anesthesia, the lesions were treated by MRgFUS using a specialized rectal ultrasound transducer on the treatment bed. The patients were followed up at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment and annually thereafter. During follow-up, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, pelvic MR scans, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15) scores, and adverse events were assessed.Results:(1) All six patients underwent MRgFUS treatment for six lesions, with an average duration of (126±56) minutes, an average number of (7.3±3.2) focal ultrasound pulses per lesion, and an average non-perfusion volume of (3.8±1.1) cm 3, which covered the entire treatment target area. No treatment-related adverse events were reported. (2) The PSA levels at baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment were (6.6±0.8), (3.6±1.3), (3.4±3.0), (2.5±1.7), and (2.3±1.8) ng/ml, respectively. PSA levels increased in 2 out of 6 patients during follow-up, and pelvic MR scan revealed recurrent lesions, while PSA levels continued to decrease in the remaining 4 patients, and pelvic MR scan were normal. (3) The IPSS scores at baseline, 1, and 3 months after treatment were 13.0 (4.0, 16.0), 10.0 (4.0, 12.0), and 5.0 (3.0, 6.0) points, respectively. For the three sexually active patients, the IIEF-15 scores at baseline were 40, 51, and 14 points, respectively, and IIEF-15 at 1 month after treatment were 9, 8, and 14 points, respectively, and at 3 months after treatment were 9, 66 and 26 points, respectively. (4) One patient was diagnosed with recurrence 10 months after treatment, and another patient was found to have a new lesion 6 months after treatment. Conclusions:MRgFUS might be a safe, non-invasive, and effective treatment for localized prostate cancer, but regular follow-up is vital for detecting tumor recurrence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate (artificial bone or mixed iliac bone graft) in the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 11 cases of foot and ankle osteomyelitis which had been treated at Department of Hand and Microsurgery, The Third Hospital of Baoji from October 2018 to October 2021. There were 8 males and 3 females, aged (42.3±23.7) years. The chronic hypotoxic osteomyelitis was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at one stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound. The acute infected trauma was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at the second stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound only after the acute infection was controlled by local dressing, drainage or negative pressure therapy and systemic anti-infection treatment at the primary stage. The flap size ranged from 3.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 12.0 cm × 6.0 cm. Four cases were treated by a peroneal artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a flap with peroneal artery perforator and peroneal nerve trophic vessel combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a posterior tibial artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, and one by a peroneus longus muscle flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone. Postoperatively, the flap survival, bone union time, ankle function and complications were observed; the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by comparing infection control indexes at the final follow-up [clinical manifestations like local redness, swelling, pain, ulceration, and exudation, and white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calcitoninogen (PCT)].Results:All the flaps survived except for one which developed necrosis at the distal 1/3 of the flap but responded to dressing change. All the patients were followed up for (22.6±11.5) months. The 6-month follow-up revealed that all the flaps were fine in shape and texture. Re-examinations showed that WBC, CRP, ESR and PCT were normal or close to normal, the local skin was free of redness, swelling or ulceration, and protective sensation was restored to varying degrees. X-ray at (12.1±2.3) months showed that lesions disappeared, bony union was achieved, the ankle joint regained basic flexion and extension, and the affected limb also regained weight-bearing and walking functions in all the patients but one whose X-ray at 18 months showed poor bony union but no other symptoms or signs.Conclusion:In the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis, a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone can promote bone healing and restore the function of the foot and ankle because it not only fills the cavity and covers the wound but also effectively controls the infection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994394

ABSTRACT

Objective:We sought to investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) complicated by autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA).Methods:Retrospective anaysis.Three hundred fifteen consecutive patients with APS were enrolled at the Department of Rheumatology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between May 2017 to May 2021, and their clinical manifestations[including initial symptoms, time interval between APS onset and diagnosis, systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE), thrombotic events, obstetric morbidity, and extra-criteria manifestations] and laboratory test results[including blood routine, antiphospholipid antibodies(aPLs), blood lipid profile, homocysteine, anti-nuclear antibody profile, immunoglobulin levels, and complement levels] were collected. Then, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. Clinical features and risk factors were analyzed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis.Results:Among 315 APS patients, 37 cases (11.7%) were complicated by AIHA, and AIHA was the first manifestation or co-occurrence. The median time interval between APS onset and diagnosis was 12 months. The proportion of SLE in APS patients combined with AIHA was higher than that in APS patients without AIHA[62.2%(23/37) vs. 19.4%(54/278), P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in the proportions of thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity between the two groups. In terms of extra-criteria manifestations, APS patients with AIHA had a significantly ( P<0.05) greater risk of thrombocytopenia ( OR=6.19, 95% CI 2.81-13.65) and higher proportions of hypocomplementemia, a positive lupus anticoagulant (LA) result, double aPLs positivity[i.e., any two of the following antibodies were positive: LA, anticardilolipin antibody(aCL), and anti-β2 glycoprotein Ⅰ(β2GPⅠ)], and triple aPLs positivity (i.e., LA, aCL, and anti-β2GPⅠ antibodies were all positive). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that SLE ( OR=3.46,95% CI 1.60-7.48), thrombocytopenia ( OR=2.56,95% CI 1.15-5.67), and hypocomplementemia ( OR=4.29,95% CI 2.03-9.04) were independent risk factors for the complication of APS. In the primary APS subgroup, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that livedo reticularis ( OR=10.51,95%CI 1.06-103.78), thrombocytopenia ( OR=3.77, 95% CI 1.23-11.57), and hypocomplementemia ( OR=5.92,95% CI 1.95-17.95) were independent risk factors for the complication of APS. Conclusions:AIHA is not rare in APS patients; moreover, it occurs more frequently in APS secondary to SLE and is more likely to present with a variety of extra-criteria manifestations. Patients with AIHA should be promptly tested for antiphospholipid antibody profiles and alerted to the possibility of thrombotic events.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 132-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the surgical method and clinical efficacy of applying calf tissue flap combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate in treatment of tibia osteomyelitis.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2021, calf tissue flaps combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate (or mixed with iliac bone) were applied to treat 16 cases with tibia osteomyelitis in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. There were 10 males and 6 females, aged 15 to 64 years old, with a mean age of 41 years old. For the 5 cases with acute osteomyelitis caused by wound infection, local dressing changes and drainage or VSD wound management were applied after debridement, together with primary systemic anti-infection treatment. After the acute infection period had been under control and stabilised, the wounds were then thoroughly exposed and cavities were filled and covered with the surgical reconstruction procedure with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in combination with calf tissue flaps. For the 11 cases with chronic and hypotoxicity osteomyelitis, calf tissue flaps combined with antibiotics-blended artificial bone of calcium sulphate were applied to fill the cavity and cover the wound in phase I surgical reconstruction after thorough debridement. For the 7 cases with large bone defects or larger cavities after debridement, a mixed bone grafts of antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate and autologous iliac bone were employed, with muscle flaps or myocutaneous flaps for an embedding repair. Sizes of the tissue flaps were 2.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×23.0 cm. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through follow-ups at outpatient clinic. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by the method described by McKee et al.Results:Except for 1 case of distal necrosis of tissue flap and survived after dressing change, the other tissue flap survived successfully. Postoperative follow-ups lasted for 12 to 40(mean 18) months. All the osteomyelitis were successfully cured, except 1 that had recurrence of osteomyelitis 1 year later, and treated with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate combined with autologous iliac bone implants after thorough debridement, and then healed well. The shape and texture of flaps were good. Protective sensations were restored to vary levels after 6 months. The calf regained weight-bearing and walking functions at 1 year after surgery. According to McKee et al., the therapeutic effect was evaluated: 11 cases were cured, 4 cases were improved, and 1 case relapsed, with an effective rate of 93.8%.Conclusion:Application of calf tissue flap combined with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in the treatment of tibia osteomyelitis has a high cure rate and remarkable efficacy. It can significantly reduce the number of surgeries and shorten the course of disease.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 144-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical technique and clinical effect of the island flap of dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery in repair of the soft tissue defect of digits.Methods:From March 2013 to March 2021, 22 cases of digit soft tissue defects were repaired with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap. The digit defects involved: 9 thumbs, 5 index fingers, 3 middle fingers, 3 ring fingers and 2 little fingers. The repair of defects covered 8 digit-tips, 7 pulps and 7 dorsal and nail beds. The defected area of soft tissue was 0.8 cm×0.5 cm-1.5 cm×8.0 cm, and the size of flap was 1.0 cm×0.7 cm-1.8 cm×1.0 cm. The donor site in 6 cases was closed directly. The other 16 cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft and pressurised bandaging. The follow-up reviews were carried out via the outpatient clinic visit, telephone or WeChat interview. Results:After operation, 1 flap had cyanosis due to a tight suture and it was relieved after the removal of intermittent suture; Tension blisters appeared in 2 cases and disappeared after 1 week; One case had necrosis at distal flap and healed after dressing change. Other flaps survived successfully and the incision and donor site healed in the first stage. All patients were entered to 6 to 18(mean 10) months of follow-up. At the final follow-up, the appearance and texture of the flaps were good and the protective sensation was restored. The flexion and extension function of the affected digit was normal with the TPD at 7-11 mm. The original shape and function of the digit body were basically reconstructed, except the failure in reconstruction of the special structure of digit body, such as nail, finger pulp thread and fine sensation. According to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Function of Chinese Hand Surgery Society, 11 cases were in excellent, 9 in good and 2 in fair. The excellent and good rate was 91%. The function at donor sites was not affected.Conclusion:Repair of digit soft tissue defect with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap is easy to operate, and with a low risk, high success rate and satisfactory curative effect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 613-616, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in repairing soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.Methods:From August 2018 to August 2021, 15 cases of soft tissue defect of ankle and foot were repaired with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Baoji Third Hospital. Among them, there were 7 cases with soft tissue defect in heel, 6 cases in lateral ankle and 2 cases in front of ankle. The size of defects was 3.0 cm×3.5 cm-5.5 cm×4.0 cm, and the size of flaps was 5.0 cm×4.5 cm-12.0 cm×6.0 cm. In 7 cases, the donor sites were closed directly with the aid of small paddle. The donor sites in other cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft after the wounds were narrowed by pull-up suture. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by follow-up at outpatient clinic and via telephone or WeChat interviews. Functional recovery was evaluated according to the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society (AOFAS) -Marylad.Results:Among the 15 flaps, 2 had distal necrosis and healed after dressing change; One flap was swelling and had venous osculation, but relived 2 weeks later. The rest of the 12 flaps survived smoothly. At the final follow-up: the shape and texture of the flap were good, and the protective feeling was restored; The ankle also recovered the normal flexion, extension and weight-bearing. According to the AOFAS-Marylad, function recovery were excellent in 9 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 2 cases.Conclusion:It is simple, safe and reliable to repair the soft tissue defect of foot and ankle with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery. It does not sacrifice the main blood vessels of limb, and the blood supply of the flap is reliable. It is an ideal operation for repairing the soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 366-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarise the clinical efficacy and surgical indications for free hallux toe nail flap and adjacent island flap of the middle and ring fingers in repair of distal thumb degloving injuries.Methods:From May 2009 to May 2021, a total of 24 patients (24 digits) with degloving injury of distal thumbs were treated in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. The flap was selected according to the patient's wishes and occupation. Of the 24 patients, 13 were repaired by free hallux toe nail flap transfer (group of hallux toe nail flap), and 11 were repaired by combining the proper palmar digital artery island flap of middle (ulnar side) and ring (radial side) fingers with the same volar common digital artery vascular pedicle (group of tile combined flap). Follow-up was performed at the 1st, 3rd, 6th,12th and 18th months after surgery respectively through outpatient clinic and telephone or WeChat interviews. The follow-ups focused on the appearance, colour, texture and two-point discrimination (TPD) of the flap, as well as thumb flexion, extension, opposition and grasping functions. Functional recovery evaluated according to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Partial Functional of Hand Surgery of Chinese Medical Association.Results:All the 24 flaps survived and all were included in the follow-up. The follow-up lasted 12-60 and 6-18 months, with an average of (18.5±0.5) months and (6.8±0.3) months in group of hallux toe nail flap and group of tile combined flap, respectively. Appearance of thumb body and function at the last follow-up showed: in the group of hallux toe nail flap, the nails, thumbtips and fine sensations were restored, with the TPD at 5-8 mm. The thumb flexion, extension, opposition and grasping functions were good. Apart from without nails and fingerprint, the flaps in the group of tile combined flap had good appearance and texture, and the protective feeling was restored with the TPD at 6-11 mm. The affected thumbs also recovered the basic functions of flexion, extension, opposition and grasping. According to the Trial Standard of Upper Limb Function Evaluation of the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society, 7 cases were excellent, 5 cases were good, and 1 case was poor in the group of hallux toe nail flap. In the group of tile combined flap, 3 cases were in excellent, 5 in good, and 3 in poor. Appearance of flaps (such as nails and thumbtip fingerprint), fine sensory recovery, and the accuracy and stability of the grasping function, the group of hallux toe nail flap was significantly better than that of the group of tile combined flap. There was no functional impact on the donor site.Conclusion:Both types of flap are classic surgical procedures for repair of distal thumb degloving injury. In order to meet the individual requirement and to improve the efficacy of the treatment, such as for those who have high expectation for digit restoration, especially those who are young with aesthetical or professional requirement, free hallux toe nail flap repair is used to restore the perfect shape and function. And for those who are reluctant to sacrifice their toes or for the middle-aged and elderly people who do not have high expectation for the shape of thumb, a tile combined flap repair is used to restore thumb function.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the magnetic resonance imaging guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:The data of 5 patients treated by MRgFUS from August 2020 to June 2021 in our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 73 (58-80) years, with the median PSA of 7.34 (5.19-8.40) ng/ml, and a median prostate volume of 27.96 (21.50-37.91) ml. The median pretreatment international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 13(0-18). Of the 3 patients with intention of erectile function preservation, the pretreatment international index of erectile function-15 (IIEF-15) score was 12, 23 and 3, respectively. All patients had histopathology-proven PCa of grade group ≤ International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) 3, pre-operative PSA level <20 ng/ml, and a clinical stage ≤T 2b. A total of 6 lesions was confirmed by biopsy, with 3 of ISUP grade group 3 and 3 of ISUP grade group 1. All 5 patients underwent MRgFUS which was guided by a real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PSA, MRI and repeated biopsy were conducted to monitor recurrence. Questionnaires consisted of IPSS, IIEF-15, and the International Consultation on Incontinence-questionnaire-Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) were recorded before and after MRgFUS to evaluate the impact on functional preservation. Results:A total of 5 patients received MRgFUS. In total, 5 of the 6 lesions were treated. 1 lesion unvisible on MRI was not clinically significant and was left untreated. The median time in MRI scanner was 190 (140-355) min, and the median sonication time was 64 (35-148) min with the median sonications of 8 (5-13). The median catheter indwelling time was 1 (1-8) days. No other adverse effects were reported. The PSA level of all 5 patients decreased, with the nadir PSA of 1.196 ng/ml, 4.398 ng/ml, 4.135 ng/ml, 1.562ng/ml and 1.350ng/ml, respectively. 4 of the patients had a PSA decrease over 50%. No PCa lesion was seen on MRI at 3-month follow-up visit. As for functional preservation, the post-MRgFUS IPSS declined compared with the baseline score, and the IPSS of last follow-up was 5(0-14). Of the 3 patients with intention to preserve the erectile function, the erectile function score of IIEF-15 were 12, 30 and 9 three months after the treatment, respectively. No incontinence occurred postoperatively.Conclusions:MRgFUS is a feasible and safe way for the treatment of low- to intermediate-risk localized PCa, with satisfactory performance on functional preservation and low incidence of complications. The oncological outcomes still need to be establised with longer follow-up time and larger sample studies.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 975-980, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of quantitative parameters of synthetic MRI in patients with prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:From April 2018 to April 2019, 25 PCa patients confirmed by whole-mount pathology were prospectively enrolled in Beijing Hospital. All patients underwent prostate MRI examinations including DWI and synthetic MRI. Four kinds of tissue types were identified in pathology, including PCa, stromal hyperplasia (SH), glandular hyperplasia (GH) and prostatitis. According to the pathological results, quantitative parameters including ADC, T 1, T 2 and proton density (PD) values were measured on DWI and synthetic MRI. One-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis H test was performed to compare the difference of each parameter among PCa, SH or GH in the transitional zone (TZ). The difference of each parameter between PCa and prostatitis in the peripheral zone (PZ) was evaluated by using independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The diagnostic performance of each parameter in discriminating PCa from other benign conditions was evaluated by using ROC curve. Area under the curve (AUC) of each parameter was compared by using DeLong test. Results:The overall differences of T 1, T 2 PD and ADC values were statistically significant among PCa and other benign conditions. The T 1, T 2 and ADC values of PCa in the TZ were lower than those in the SH ( P=0.041, 0.030,<0.001) and GH (all P<0.001). The PD value of PCa in the TZ was lower than that in the GH ( P=0.040). The differences of T 1, T 2, PD and ADC values between PCa and prostatitis in the PZ were significant ( P<0.05). The AUC of ADC value (0.943) was higher than that of T 1 (0.691, P=0.001), PD (0.555, P=0.002) and T 2 (0.754, P=0.016) values in differentiating PCa from SH. For discriminating PCa and GH, T 1, T 2 and ADC showed similar AUC ( P>0.05), which were higher than AUC of PD value ( P=0.001). For discriminating PCa and prostatitis, T 1, T 2, PD and ADC values showed similar AUC ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Quantitative parameters of synthetic MRI were practical tools for discriminating PCa from other benign pathologies.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 408-412, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between atherosclerotic plaque characteristics of the middle cerebral artery(MCA)and acute cerebral ischemic symptoms by using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging(HR-MRI).Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging data was performed in 136 patients[100 males, aged(60.8±11.4)years]with MCA atherosclerotic plaque who underwent HR-MRI.Patients were divided into the acute symptomatic group(n=73)and the non-acute asymptomatic group(n=63)according to whether the patients had acute ischemic symptoms in the MCA territory within two weeks.The basic demographic characteristics, clinical risk factors, MCA plaque enhancement, maximum plaque length, maximum wall thickness, ratio of maximum plaque length to maximum wall thickness and luminal stenosis were compared between the two groups.Binary Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between MCA plaque characteristics and acute ischemic symptoms in the corresponding vascular territory.Results:Compared with the non-acute symptomatic group, the acute symptomatic group had a greater prevalence of diabetes mellitus(50.7% or 30/73 vs. 30.2% or 19/63, χ2=5.882, P=0.015), a higher occurrence of enhanced plaques(87.7 % or 64/73 vs.46.0% or 29/63, χ2=27.118, P<0.001), greater maximum plaque length[(6.7±3.7 mm) vs.(4.9±2.3)mm, t=-3.330, P=0.001], greater maximum wall thickness[(1.5±0.8)mm vs.(1.0±1.0)mm, t=-2.231, P=0.027]and more severe luminal stenosis[(66.4±31.3)% vs. (30.7±25.3) %, t=-7.354, P<0.001]. Logistic regression analysis showed that MCA enhanced plaque( OR=4.492, 95% CI: 1.762-11.449, P=0.002)and luminal stenosis( OR=1.032, 95% CI: 1.018-1.047, P<0.001)were independently associated with acute ischemic symptoms. Conclusions:Compared with luminal stenosis, MCA enhanced plaque has a stronger correlation with acute ischemic symptoms and significant plaque enhancement may be an important indication of its instability.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 844-848, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796657

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) histogram analysis for differential diagnosis of prostate cancer and noncancerous foci and the correlation between histogram parameters and Gleason score.@*Methods@#Twenty-one patients were retrospectively enrolled in Beijing Hospital from May 2017 to May 2018. All subjects underwent Philips 3.0 T MR scanning. The pathologies were confirmed by in-bore MR-guided biopsy. Finally, 31 lesions were collected (two lesions each from 10 patients), including 15 prostate cancer and 16 noncancerous foci (benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis). ROI was drawn manually by two experienced radiologists. All the lesions were measured mean apparent diffusion coefficient (Dapp), mean apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp) and their histogram parameters, the averages of two measurements were used to be calculated. The values of these parameters in cancer and noncancerous foci were compared using independent-samples t test. The Spearman test was used to evaluate the correlation of these parameters and Gleason scores of prostate cancer.@*Results@#Mean Dapp, 10th Dapp, 25th Dapp, 50th Dapp, 75th Dapp, 90th Dapp, minimum Dapp, maximum Dapp, mean Kapp, 50th Kapp, 75th Kapp, 90th Kapp, maximum Kapp between prostate cancer and noncancerous foci were statistically significant (P<0.05). 90th Kapp (r=0.630, P<0.05) and maximum Kapp (r=0.565, P<0.05) increased with the Gleason scores increasing.@*Conclusion@#Histogram analysis of DKI model is valuable for diagnosing and assessing aggressiveness of prostate cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 844-848, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791361

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) histogram analysis for differential diagnosis of prostate cancer and noncancerous foci and the correlation between histogram parameters and Gleason score. Methods Twenty?one patients were retrospectively enrolled in Beijing Hospital from May 2017 to May 2018. All subjects underwent Philips 3.0 T MR scanning. The pathologies were confirmed by in?bore MR?guided biopsy. Finally, 31 lesions were collected (two lesions each from 10 patients), including 15 prostate cancer and 16 noncancerous foci (benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis). ROI was drawn manually by two experienced radiologists. All the lesions were measured mean apparent diffusion coefficient (Dapp), mean apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp) and their histogram parameters, the averages of two measurements were used to be calculated. The values of these parameters in cancer and noncancerous foci were compared using independent?samples t test. The Spearman test was used to evaluate the correlation of these parameters and Gleason scores of prostate cancer. Results Mean Dapp, 10th Dapp, 25th Dapp, 50th Dapp, 75th Dapp, 90th Dapp, minimum Dapp, maximum Dapp, mean Kapp, 50th Kapp, 75th Kapp, 90th Kapp, maximum Kapp between prostate cancer and noncancerous foci were statistically significant (P<0.05). 90th Kapp (r=0.630, P<0.05) and maximum Kapp (r=0.565, P<0.05) increased with the Gleason scores increasing. Conclusion Histogram analysis of DKI model is valuable for diagnosing and assessing aggressiveness of prostate cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 519-524, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755792

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of the long-term intermittent maintenance treatment with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment versus traditional treatment in reducing relapses and prolonging the recurrence interval in children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD).Methods A two-phase randomized,open-labelled,controlled clinical trial was conducted from September 2012 to November 2013.In the first phase,a total of 171 children aged 2-15 years with moderate to severe AD were enrolled from 7 hospitals in China,and received conventional treatment with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment twice a day for 2-6 weeks.At the end of the treatment,the patients who achieved an investigator's global assessment (IGA) score ≤ 2 (n =125) were randomly classified into 2 groups to receive the second-phase treatment:test group (n =62) receiving intermittent maintenance treatment with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment twice a week (Monday and Thursday),and control group (n =63) receiving no treatment.If the patients in the 2 groups experienced relapse,they received conventional treatment with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment twice a day.The overall observation period was 6 months.The primary endpoint was the time to the first relapse,which was defined as the number of days from the end of the first-phase treatment to the first relapse.The secondary endpoints included the number of relapses at the second-phase trial,the disease severity at the time of relapse,the duration of relapse,the pruritus score at the time of relapse,the total amount of tacrolimus ointment used,the total response rate at the second-phase trial,and the incidence of adverse events.Results A total of 125 children with AD were enrolled into the second-phase trial,and 121 of them completed the follow-up.Among the 121 patients,the recurrence rate was significantly lower in the test group (25/60,41.7%) than in the control group (46/61,75.4%;x2 =14.20,P < 0.001).The time to the first relapse was significantly longer in the test group (46.9 ± 37.7 d) than in the control group (28.8 ± 32.3 d;Z =1 093.50,P =0.020).The total number of recurrence was 31 and 86 in the test group and control group respectively,and the mean number of recurrence in each patient was significantly lower in the test group (0.52 ± 0.68) than in the control group (1.41 ± 1.23,t =4.96,P < 0.001).There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding disease severity during relapse (eczema area and severity index:Z =971.50,P =0.39),duration of relapse (Z =747.00,P =0.07),and pruritus score during relapse (Z =894.00,P =0.95).The therapeutic drug was tolerated well in all the children,and no tacrolimus-related serious adverse events occurred.Conclusion The intermittent maintenance treatment with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment twice a week for 6 months can effectively and safely prevent and reduce relapses,and prolong the recurrence interval in children with moderate to severe AD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 624-629, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807132

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of zTE ASL MRA in the follow-up of interventional treatment of intracranial aneurysm at 1.5 T, using DSA as gold standard.@*Methods@#Patients with intracranial aneurysms who underwent coil embolization with or without stent were enrolled in this study. Both TOF MRA and zTE ASL MRA were performed on a 1.5T whole body scanner (MR360, GE, USA) equipped with an 8 channel head coil, and DSA was performed within one week of the MR examinations. Aneurysmal remnant and intra-stent opacity were analyzed. SE, PE, PPV, NPV of two MRA modalities in aneurysm recanalization detection were calculated. Kappa coefficient was used to determine the inter-reader and intra-reader reproducibility. Paired t test was used to test the visibility of in-stent lumen on two kinds of MRA.@*Results@#A total of 24 patients (27 aneurysms) were included in this study, 23 aneurysms were treated with stent assisted embolization, four coil embolization. Thirteen cases of aneurysm remnant were detected by DSA, 15 by zTE ASL and 11 by TOF MRA. zTE ASL MRA had a relatively higher SE (100%) and NPV(100%) as compared with TOF MRA. The Kappa value in identification of aneurysm remnant was 0.85 between zTE MRA and DSA and 0.70 between TOF MRA and DSA, respectively. The inter-reader reproducibility was good (Kappa 0.70), while the intra-reader reproducibility was excellent(Kappa 0.85). There was statistical significance in the scoring results of the in-stent lumen visibility.@*Conclusion@#zTE ASL MRA proved to be a better imaging modality as compared to TOF MRA to evaluate the endovascular treatment effectiveness of intracranial aneurysms, especially for assessing the aneurysmal recurrence and in-stent lumen visibility.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704160

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Objective To explore the serum levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor(MIF)and epidermal growth factor(EGF) in first-episode schizophrenia patients characterized and the correlation of MIF,EGF serum levels with psychotic symptoms and cognitive function.Methods The serum levels of MIF and EGF in patients (53 cases) and controls (58 cases) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The patients' psychotic symptoms were assessed by positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS).The MATRICS consensus cognitive battery (MCCB) was used to assess the cognitive function.Results MIF serum level in cases group was higher than that of control group and the difference was statistically significant((50.54±23.05)μg/L vs (36.72± 18.52) μg/L) (P<0.01).EGF serum level in cases group was higher than that of control group and the difference was statistically significant((5 163.40±2 289.76) vs (3 584.83± 1 444.71) ug/L) (P<0.01).There was a positive correlation between serum MIF level and PANSS score in schizophrenic patients(P<0.05).Score of TMT in MCCB in cases group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.01),while scores of BACS SC,HVLT-R,BVMT-R and CF in MCCB in cases group was significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.01).Serum level of MIF in cases group was significantly positively correlated with score of BVMT-R(P<0.05),and serum level of EGF in cases group was significantly positively correlated with score of BVMT-R (P< 0.05).There was a positive correlation between serum MIF levels and serum EGF levels in the cases group (P<0.05).There was a positive correlation between serum MIF and serum EGF levels in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion The clinical symptoms and partial cognitive impairment in patients with first-episode schizophrenia are related to the concentration of serum protein factors,and there are neuroimmunological abnormalities and neurotrophic imbalances and they are related.

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Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 17-20, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620043

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Objective To summarize the key points of nursing care in reservation of catheters in 11 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who received concurrent chemo-radiotherapy with symptomatic thrombosis after ultrasound-guided implantation of double-lumen PICCs(PowerPICC).Methods From January,2014 to December,2015,totally 11 cases with symptomatic venous thromboembolism were identified among 109 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy,and observation and nursing care were provided at the early stage of thrombosis and during thrombosis.Results All double-lumen PICCs were reserved,and no recurrence or aggravation of thrombosis was recorded to the end of the treatment.The duration of carrying PICCs was 67~89(77.45±6.65) days.Conclusion With careful treatment and nursing,PICC catheter-related complications can be reduced and the duration of carrying catheters can be prolonged,which leads to accomplishment of the treatment plan for patients.

17.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 100-102, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611467

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Objective To summarize the experience of surgical of complete pulmonary venous connection in neonates,and analyze the risk factors.Methods Between June 2010 to June 2016,21 consecutive neonates under went surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.There were 15 males and 6 females at mean age 20d,and the mean weight was 3.5kg.There were 10 patients with supracardiac,of which 6 patients with intracardiac,4 patients with infracardiac,and 1 patients with mixed.Clinical variables possibly associated with death were examined using Logistic regression analysis.Results There were 4 operative deaths(19%),2 patients with supracardiac,1 patient with intracardiac,1 patient with infracardiac.2 were died of low cardiac output syndrome,and 2 died of pneumonia.Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative pulmonary infection,anatomic classification,aortic clamping time,weight were risk factors of operation.Conclusion Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection operation in neonates can obtain satisfactory results.Preoperative pulmonary infection,anatomic classification,aortic clamping time,weight are risk factors for operation.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470617

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Objective To explore the effects of military stress on memory function in battlefield environment confined intensive training of peace-keeping soldiers.Methods 41 peace-keeping soldiers were chosen as the research objects.They were tested the memory function,respectively after they trained intensely in the domestic and in Sudan for five months.The memory function included verbal memory:WHO-UCLA auditory verbal learning test (immediate recall,the insert test,the short time delay memories,long delayed recall,long delayed recognition,visual memory) using the Rey Ostereitb Complex Figure (graphics copy and graphic delayed recall).Results The peace-keeping soldiers got lower scores in the insert tested(4.59±2.03) and graphics copy(35.85± 0.36) than in the domestic (4.85 ± 2.21,35.71 ± 0.46,P> 0.05),but there was no significant difference.They got lower scores in the immediate recall (41.68±9.87),the short time delay memories (9.27±2.77),long delayed recall (9.12±2.99),long delayed recognition (27.56± 1.70),and graphic delayed recall (16.90± 6.16) than those in the domestic(51.68±8.63,11.73±2.15,12.24± 1.96,29.00± 1.43,23.15±7.16,P<0.01),and the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion The peace-keeping soldiers battlefield environment stress has a certain effect on the soldiers' memory function.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489735

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Objective To explore the feasibility and advantages of early open-heart radical operation on infants and children with Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF) in different ages and to analyze its perioperative outcomes.Methods The clinical data of 390 infants and children with TOF were analyzed, who underwent extracorporeal circulation open-heart surgery from January 2007 to January 2014 at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.The operative age ranged from 3 months to 14 years(mean 3 years).There were 172 infants(< 1 year old)and 218 children(≥ 1 year old).Some accompanied abnormalities included atrial septal defect (33 cases),patent ductus arteriosus (17 cases),coronary artery anomalies (8 cases), and multiple ventricular septal defect (5 cases).Results Ten patients died, and the overall mortality during hospital stay was 2.56%.The mortality of the infants group and the children group was 2.32% (4/172 cases) and 2.75 % (6/218 cases), respectively,and there was no significant difference (x2 =0.000, P =1.000).Extracorporeal circulation time was (89.16 ± 74.38) min and (83.14 ± 66.72)min, respectively, aortic clamping time was (59.75 ± 35.20) min and (54.70 ± 38.54)min respectively, operation time were (185.34 ± 168.64)min and (163.35 ± 150.15) min respectively, duration of postoperative ventilation were (57.17 ± 67.46) h and (47.50 ± 58.39) h, respectively, the hospitalization time in the Intensive Care Unit was (5.08 ± 7.93) d and (3.71 ± 5.40) d, respectively, and the postoperative stay averaged (13.82 ± 17.78) d and (9.52 ± 8.74) d respectively in the infants group and the children group;there was no significant differences between 2 groups (t =1.937,1.890, 1.991,1.887,1.951,1.931;P =0.259, 0.713, 0.194, 0.739,0.241,0.308).Conclusions The curative effect of early cardiac surgical treatment on infants with TOF is considerably good with low morbidity and mortality.Early cardiac surgical treatment can avoid delayed development and growth in children, hypoxemic spells,sudden death and some other kind of adverse events.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489720

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Objective To compare the influence of washing processed of banked suspended red blood cells (RBCs) by cell saver and the influence by zero-balanced ultrafiltration(Z-BUF) on the inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) in infants.Methods Sixty infants with ventricular septal defect (VSD) were randomly divided into a control group (group A,20 cases), group B(20 cases)and group C (20 cases).Banked suspended RBCs were washed by cell saver before priming in group B,in group C the banked suspended RBCs were treated with Z-BUF and in group C the banked suspended RBCs were primed directly without any pre-treatment.Samples of the arterial blood were obtained respectively before the start of the CPB (T1), when the CPB stopped(T2) ,2 h after CPB (T3), 12 h after CPB (T4) and 24 h after CPB (T5).The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin(IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10 were detected and analyzed comparatively among 3 groups.Results The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 ,IL-10 in 3 groups at T2,T3 ,T4 showed a rising trend markedly,and the above four indicators of A,B and C at T4respectivelywere:(110.3±14.0) ×10-9g/L,(90.6±10.3) ×10-gg/L,(103.3±9.7) ×10-9g/L;(54.1 ± 6.5) ×10-9 g/L,(39.3±4.2) ×10-9 g/L, (46.2±5.7) ×10-9 g/L;(96.8 ±9.2) ×10-9 g/L, (82.5 ±6.5) × 10-9 g/L,(88.4±5.1) ×10-9 g/L;(228.4 ±42.9) ×10 9 g/L,(171.5 ±26.4) ×10-9 g/L,(202.9 ±42.8) × 10-9 g/L.The levels of TNF-α and IL-8 in group B and group C were significantly lower than those in group A at T2, T3 ,T4 and T5(all P <0.05) ,but there was no significant differences in the levels of IL-6 and IL-10 among 3 groups at T5;the levels ofTNF-α,IL-6,IL-8 ,IL-10 in group B were significantly lower than those in group C at T2,T3 and T4(all P < 0.05).Conclusions Processing of banked suspended pre-RBCs with cell saver and Z-BUF can relieve systemic inflammatory response, and the effect of washing with cell saver is better compared with that of Z-BUF.

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